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adds her thought to the subject under consideration, while a group of other Friends cheer us by their presence though their voices are silent. For many years we were conscious of the interest of our dear departed friend Martha E. Travilla, though she never felt it to be her field of labor we acknowledged her deep concern in our work, that we should walk with guarded steps and seek not to place “the letter above the spirit.” The school now numbers 202 pupils and

29 officers and teachers. It would be of interest to.

note the entire number enrolled during these 21 years but as the aggregate is thousands, we can only venture the hope that both they and their many faithful teachers have been benefitted by the school.

Of the nine that composed the original school, one has passed onward to the life immortal, three are earnestly at work with us, one a teacher in a neighboring school, one, not then a member has since joined in religious fellowship with Friends, and two others in distant states are still loyal to liberal religion. Compared with other Sabbath Schools our work appears but small, but we know that strength does not always lie in great numbers, and our object must be to do our share of this kind of the world’s work well. Our faithful ancestors departed hence leaving the world better for their living, so may we live good lives and do good work, even though it be not in the line of their work. Then it can still be said that the Friends are yet factors in the advance of the world towards higher and better things.

Humbly thankful for our little measure of success let us continue to feel how important it is to sow only good Seed in the hearts of those just beginning the journey of life; but we must not fear to “plant,” others may receive the command to “water,” and we can all hope for that “increase ’’ that alone comes of God.

Fifth month 3d, 1884. L. H. H.


There was a little item in a late copy of Friends' Intelligencer from ‘the presentment of the Grand Jury” in relation to the liquor traffic, in which high license is recommended instead of prohibition. In my view, entirely prohibiting the making, importation and sale of all intoxicants as a beverage is the only way for us as a nation to prosper and do justice to all the people.

High license means nothing that I can see but the giving strength to the liquor league. The laws now in existence forbid the selling to habitual drunkards, and yet when the broken-hearted wives of such and their children have protested against it, they have been met with the reply: that as long as these deluded men had the money to pay for their drink they should have it. The fact is, most of those who deal in liquors want neither law nor order. All days and nights are alike to them. I hope Friends will not give their sanction to such a law. If those in authority wait until all are ready for a change, it will not come. If Maine had not moved forward without waiting for all her people to come into the measure, she would not be where she is to-day, blessing and being blest by all who appreciate wise and wholesome legislation.

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Above the clash of counter creeds,
These gospel accents swell :

Whoever doeth righteous deeds
Hath read his Bible well.

Like blossoms of the fragrant Spring Are adoration's vows:

The tree that pleases God will bring Fair fruitage on its boughs.

The holy church is that wherein
The golden rule controls:
The soul is surely saved from sin
That lives for other souls.


Washington Gladden, in an article on this subject, in the Century Magazine, for First month, expresses the following which it is well for all who have the ovement of the Public Morals at heart to conS1C16I e

. . . “Amusement, like education and religion is a real need of human beings—not so deep or vital a need as education or religion, but a real and constant need, and a need of the higher nature as well as of the lower; an interest that closely concerns their characters; and it is almost as great a mistake to leave it to take care of itself, and to be furnished mainly by those who wish to make money out of it, and who have no higher motive, as it would be to leave education or religion to be cared for in that way.

lt is time that we begin to comprehend the idea that this is one of the great interests of human life which Christianity must claim and control—one of the kingdoms of the world which, according to the prophecy, are to become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ. When these words are quoted, the thoughts of disciples are apt to fly off to Burmah, and Siam and Timbuctoo; these are the kingdoms of the world that are to be Christianized. Doubtless they are; but the text ought to mean more than this. It should signify that all the wide realms of human thought and action are to be brought under the sway of the King of righteousmess; that the kingdom of industry, and the kingdom of traffic, and the kingdom of politics, and the kingdom of amusement, are all to be made subject to His law; that all these great interests of men are to be brought under the empire of Christian ideas and Christian forces; that instead of standing aloof from them and reproving and upbraiding them. Christianity is to enter into them and pervade them and transform them by its own vital energy. The duty of the Church with respect to popular amuse ments is not done when it has lifted up its warning against the abuses that grow out of them, and laid down its law of temperance and moderation in their use. It has a positive function to fulfill in furnishing diversions that shall be attractive, and at the same time pure and wholesome. This cannot be done by the churches as churches, but it can be done by men and women into whom they breathe their spirit, and whom they fill with their intelligence and goodwill.’


STANFORD QUARTERLY MEETING, held the 6th of this month at Crum Elbow, Dutchess Co., N.Y., was not largely attended, but was a season of interest and of satisfactory mingling. We were cheered by the presence of some members of the Yearly Meeting's Visiting Committee, and others who came to sit with us. After an impressive silence R. S. H. arose with the words, “The light of the body is the eye, if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light, but if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness,” which was the prelude to a short but interesting sermon.

J. C. S. followed with an earnest discourse on worship, and before the partition was closed R. S. H. was favored to again address the meeting, in a pithy, instructive manner.

The business usually presented at this time was transacted, with the addition of the appointment by men Friends of a Quarterly Meeting Temperance Committee, which when announced to the Women's Meeting was received with much unity of expression, and a committee named to act with men Friends when work in that direction presents. S.

EAST JORDAN ExECUTIVE MEETING OF FRIENDS, is located at Penrose, Whiteside Co., Illinois, seven miles north of the city of Sterling. It has a membership of between forty and fifty, though with but ten or eleven adult members within a radius of five or six miles, and perhaps as many more between six and ten miles distant. Owing to age or ill health nearly all of the latter circle are prevented from attending meeting except in the best of weather. Of those within the smaller circle, most, if not all are frequent in attendance, thoroughly attached to our Society, and active and influential in their neighborhoods. They have no minister and few attenders outside the membership, perhaps ten to twenty would cover the range of attendance in the absence of some unusual attraction. During the summer months they have one of the largest and most effective First-day schools in Illinois Yearly Meeting, averaging during the last summer, I think over fifty, and including as regular scholars many children of other denominations, some from the neighborhood of schools of their own. As I met the Friends composing this Meeting in their homes, in house gatherings for worship, and at their meeting places, and felt their lively interest in better things, their attachment to our principles, and the influence they exerted as individuals, on the mórals and general status of their neighborhood, I queried why they should feel discouraged, why their meetings should be so small, and why it needs be that as an organization they should slowly but surely die. The First-day school thrives, gathers in far more than their own membership, and through its temperance and other work is lifting the moral and intellectual standard of the community to a very perceptible degree. The meeting scarcely keeps its own, and in ordinary course must diminish by death and removals. It does not fail for want of faithfulness upon the part of most of its members into all the duties usually expected of them, but does it not in common with many others, fail for want of change in management and some work beyond semi-annual reports to its Quarterly Meeting and the selection of its officials 2 Work that will emphasize its faith, and which being seen, will cause others to glorify their Father who is in heaven. (Matt. 5–16.) A round this meeting are many intelligent people without a place of worship and with the weakened sectarian prejudices of these days, the meeting-house ought to be filled with the members and neighbors who have no other place of worship, as there is no lack of respect for the men and women whose faith produces such upright and useful lives. While fully recognizing that there is no sure foundation except in a regenerated heart, is there

not something that can be done to arouse interest, ,

spread knowledge and deepen conviction, so that hearts may be enlightened and regenerated, and the zeal of early days renewed ? As I experienced the warm fellowship of these Friends, noted their attachment to society and willingness to do all that duty seemed to require, the suggestion arose and was presented to some of them, that for the instruction of many who would doubtless gladly attend, and for the increased interest of the members themselves, ome competent reader should, after fifteen or twenty minutes of the usual silence, read in their order on successive or stated days, the well endorsed essays of John J. Cornell, giving an outline of our faith and testimonies, the readings to be followed by a period of silence, unless broken by proper expression, as allowed in our meetings for worship. Might not such reading increase that religious craving that leads to conviction of soul and a coming to the Inward guide? Will not a return to the methods, zeal and principles that obtained in the days of Fox and Penn produce like results now, and prevent the increasing life manifest in many directions among us from being lost in a too long wandering in the wilderness of dead customs and traditions. While holding closely to principles, let us hold lightly to forms, that we may feel and heed the impulses of the life that is ever new and always regenerating in its effect. Chicago, Second mo. 9th, 1885. J. W. P.

—ommo-O-omKNOWLEDGE must precede thought, and that time is well spent which is employed in learning where and how readily to find, wisely to appropriate, and effectually to use, as occasion may require, the accumulated, duly sifted and organized learning of the ages. But there comes a time when we need deliberate meditation ; when we realize that knowledge without thought is only splendid ignorance, and that the time spent in thinking is the soul's breathingtime; that one of the nearest approaches to death is to be without meditation upon subjects from which we can draw food for the soul. Dante's favorite motto was, “Think that to day will never dawn again l’’ and he defined the lost to be those who could no longer think. To him who has a body strong and active, a mind ready and receptive, a heart warm and happy, and a “soul alert with noble

discontent,” all Isles are Fortunate and Blessed, all |

Capes are of Good Hope.— Unity.


WE have before us the “Twenty-fourth Annual Report of the Board of Managers of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia.” We look with deep interest. On the progress of this important work, hoping it will never want for any good thing. We must find rooml for the accompanying appeal, which comes to us from one of the Board of Managers:

The Woman's Hospital and Nurse Training School of Philadelphia again appeal to the sympathies of their friends for aid in carrying on the good work to which they are dedicated. On former occasions they have never asked in vain, and trust that those who have known of their benefits will again remember them at a time when they are so much in need. The Hospital is full to its utmost capacity, owing in part to the severity of the winter and the inability of women to receive proper care in their own homes. The Nurse Training School has been increased, and a long list of applicants are waiting for admission. To those who have been ministered to in a time of suffering, by a good trained nurse, we need say but little of the nurses of the Training School of the Woman's Hospital. The 25th of Second month has been named as Donation Day, when the Managers will be present to receive money, groceries, china, clothing, old linen and muslin, or in fact anything that can be made of use in the Hospital or for the large family within its Walls. J. P. D.

Twelfth month 14th, 1884.

AMONG the works introduced into Friends' Library (Fifteenth and Race streets), on Second month 11th, Wel’e .

Melville’s “In the Lena Delta.”

Cable S “Creoles of Louisiana.”

Living English Poets.

Mason’s “Personal Traits Of British Poets.”

Woodbury’s “Life of Edgar Allen Poe.”

Morse’s “Thomas Jefferson.”

Rawlinson’s “Egypt and Babylon.”

Markham’s “Sea, Fathers.”

The Child's Book of Language. Graded Lessons and Blanks for the Natural Development of Language. By J. H. Swakney, Boston. Appleton & Co., New York.--We greatly admire this series of elementary lessons in the use of language, believing that they furnish the means by the help of which almost all teachers can proceed to teach the art of English composition with satisfaction to both pupil and teacher.

There are three series, of four numbers each, and we would like to Call the attention of teachers and of School Committees to them. Practical use in the School will soon determine their value.

The Messages of the Books, being Discourses and Notes on the Books of the New Testament. By F. W. Farrar. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York.-In this work, Farrar, Canon of Westminster, gives to the world the results of a careful consecutive study of the twenty-nine treatises which make up the New Testament. Farrar is always a delightful writer, and from his breadth and temperance particularly acceptable to those who wish to instruct the young. He has seen so much misapplication of Scripture texts, from an entire misunderstanding of their sense, that he has deemed it right to make this effort to present each book historically, disentangling them from misinterpretation which has from time to time befallen almost every memorable sentence of the Bible. The author says: It is no exaggeration to say that the naajority of the shibboleths which have been bandied about in current controversies are applied in senses entirely apart from those in which they were intended by the original writers. Such texts are associated in most minds with meanings which have assiduously been read into them, but which they really do not contain. A volume of the saddest import, and of the most solemn warning, might be written on the calamities which have ensued in age after age of civil and ecclesiastical history from Systematic perversions of Holy Writ. The surest way to cure such evils in the present, and obviate such disasters in the future, is the study of Scripture as a whole, and the consideration of each part of it in relation to the age and conditions under which it was written. “I am convinced,” says Goethe, “that the beauty of the Bible increases in proportion as it is understood, that is to say, in proportion as we consider and perceive that each word which we take generally has had a peculiar, special and directly individual application in accordance With given circumstances of place and time.”

The New Era. Vol. 1. No. 1.-There is now On Our editorial table this initial number Cf a new monthly journal with this title. It is published in Chicago, Ill., and comes before us with a series of excellent papers in the interest of Woman's Suffrage. The first article is a warm, glowing tribute to Lucretia Mott, from the pen of Elizabeth Boynton Harbert. She commences with an enthusiastic claim to a very high place for this grand woman in her country's records of her noblest and her best. She cites many particulars of the great life of Lucretia Mott, very few of which are new to any of our readers, but all of which we can read with ever deepening joy that such a record as hers is to go down to future times—a beacon light for faithful testimony bearers to the latest days.

One who stood reverently and tearfully by her open coffin, said, fittingly, of her :

The best proof of her soundness in the faith was her faith

fulness; the best evidence that she had the Spirit is that she brought forth the fluits of the Spirit—love, joy, peace, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance.

We wish all success to this work—success commenSurate with its merit.

The Sub-Primary School Society.—This pamphlet is the Report for 1884 of the Free Kindergartens, by means of which it is hoped to raise the least favored of the children of Philadelphia to holier and happier lives than their parents have known. Good men and good women have joined hands for this work of real Christianity, till now there are twenty-eight good Rindergartens in working order for the purpose “ of making the next generation,” according to Froebel's aspiration, “God’s children.” We are entirely in sympathy with this noble work of love.

The Concord School of Philosophy.—The Progranume of this interesting Summer School (now approaching its seventh year) may interest Some of our readers.

Its next session will open on Seventh month 20th, 1885, and the general topic is to be, “Goethe and Modern Science,” Considered under two main heads: I. Goethe's Genius and Works; II. Is Pantheism the Legitimate Outcome of Modern Science?

The aim of the Faculty has been to bring together a few of those persons who, in America, have pursued, or desire to pursue, the paths of speculative philosophy; to encourage these students and professors to communicate with each other what they have learned and meditated ; and to illustrate, by a constant reference to poetry and the higher literature, those ideas which philosophy presents. The design was modest, and in no ambitious sense a public one ; nor have the Faculty been persuaded, by the attention their experiment has aroused, to diverge from the natural and simple path first chosen. The first purpose of the School is bonversation on serious topics— the lectures Serving mainly as a text for discussion, while dispute and polemical debate are avoided.

What is sought in the discussions at Concord is not an absolute unity of Opinion, but a general agreement in the manner of viewing philosophic truth and applying it to the problems of life.

Any desiring information, may apply to Frank B. Sanborne, Concord, Mass.


Domestic. — Washington, Second month 9th. – A fire in an annex to the Signal Service Office in Washington, on Seventh-day evening, destroyed and damaged a large number of valuable meteorological records and damaged some of the finest instruments in the office. The records destroyed cannot be replaced.

The Nation has completed its monument to Washington. It was first proposed 102 years ago. This monument is to be dedicated by fit solemnities on the 21st.

The course of affairs in the Senate during the present week is involved in considerable doubt. Wednesday will be devoted to the counting of the Electoral votes. The Pensions Appropriation bill will probably be taken up to-morrow and passed. The Indian, , Army and Agricultural Appropriation bills are in the hands of the Senate Committee on Appropriations, and may be reported in time for action upon one or two of them before the end of the week.

The unfinished business is the anti-silver coinage bill, and several Senators have prepared speeches upon it. If the measure be not set aside by other than appropriation bills, there is a prospect that it may be disposed of before the end of the week. The silver men, who at first threatened to prevent action upon this bill, now claim to have strength enough to strike out the feature which looks to stopping the coinage of the standard dollar, and so have less reason to postpone action. If shorn of this, its most important feature, the bill will simply provide for the retirement and recoinage of the trade dollar.

Quebec, Second mo. 11.—The most severe snow storm experienced for a number of years, has just ceased. The weather is cold, and there are snow drifts in the city nine feet deep. All trains are delayed, and some of the branch roads are entirely blocked.

Toronto, 2d mo. 11.—The weather throughout Ontario to-day was intensely cold. The temperature ranged from 15° to 40° below zero.

Rincardine, Ont., 2d mo. 11.—A terrific snow storm has raged here since the 2d mo. 7. The roads are all blocked, and traffic on the southern extension of the Wellington, Grey and Bruce Railroad is suspended.

FIamilton, Ont., 2d mo. 11.—Lake Ontario is frozen for a distance of ten miles from the shore, and the ice is strong enough for team traffic. Such a thing is unprecedented.

Two great blocks of tin ore from Dakota occupied the table Monday evening at the meeting of the Academy of Sciences in Columbia College. Professor E. G. Bailey talked on the tin deposits of the Black Hills. “Three per cent. of the ore,” he said, “was yielded in block tin of the purest kind. A superior quality was not to be found in the European mines. In the last thirty-four years, the United States have consumed tin ware worth $224,000,000, 95 per cent. of which has been iron. With the development of the Black Hill mines, the coating of tin could be made much heavier on tinware and still sell cheaper than it does now, Solid tinware might be used, and even tin water-pipes, from which the sanitary effect would certainly be better. In the tin obtained by washing from streams is found great quantities of garnets, so numerous that several wagon-loads of earth have frequently yielded a full sized wash-tub full of fine garnets.”

On the 12th, the Army Appropriation bill was passed by the U. S. Senate.

A terrible fire in the Insane Department of Philadelphia Almshouse occurred on the night of the 12th inst., resulting in the destruction of one-fourth of the edifice and the death of a number of the lunatics.

Foreign.—London, Second mo., 8.-Sheikh GernalFá-Din, the well-known Mohammedan agent now in Paris, has been interviewed on the Soudanese rebellion. He thinks that General Gordon is still alive, but, if dead, he fell while fighting the rebels. The Mahdi, he says, would respect General Gordon as a prisoner and might be willing to open negotiations to exchange General Gordon for Arabi Pasha, whom the Mahdi honors as a true Servant in the cause of Mahomet. The Mahdi might make partial peace with the English, but never permanent peace. He would refuse to accept the title of Viceroy or any other title from the Khedive or from the Sultan, but would remain the Mahdi. He aimed at the Conquest of the Soudan, and hoped that a rising would take place in Arabia against the Turks.

11th.--Telegrams have been received from Egypt, informing of the death of General Gordon. Khartoum fell in consequence of treachery among his garTISO]] .

Natives who escaped from Khartoum say General Gordon was killed while in the act of leaving his house to rally the faithful troops. The latter were cut down to a man, and for hours the best part of the town was the scene of merciless slaughter, not even women and children being spared. All the notables were killed, except treacherous Pashas and their followers.

Paris, Second mo. 10.—The Government has asked the Chamber of Deputies for a credit of $90,000 with which to organize a French settlement at Obok, on Tadjurah Bay, on the west coast of the Gulf of Aden, and for the better establishment of the French protectorate over Tadjurah. The Tadjurah country lies at the mouth of the Red Sea, and is not far from the district recently taken possession of by Italy in its occupation of Beilul, near Assab Bay.

The Government has Gordon's diary to December 10, 1884. It is said that there is an entry in it to the effect that he sent Colonel Stewart away last October to save the latter's life; that he himself knew that there was no hope of rescue, but was determined to die at his post.


TIBERIAS is the only town of any size on the Sea of Galilee to-day. It is mainly a Hebrew settlement of 3,000 to 4,000 semi-barbarians, surrounded by a ruinous old wall that is manifestly Roman. Half a dozen tired-looking palm trees rise above the roofs of the squalid buildings, serving only to emphasize the universal desolation. The lake itself is really beautiful.

THE Russian St Petersburg Gazette states that a bill has been submitted to the Finish Diet permitting Jews, who are able to produce the necessary papers proving their identity, to reside and trade in Finland. They will not, however be allowed to acquire real property in villages, but only in towns. Jews who have resided ten years in the country and conducted themselves properly will receive passports for life, but will be liable to expulsion.

FOUR years ago there was but one telegraph line in China, namely, Shanghai, to the sea. Now the Capital of Southern China is joined with the metropolis in the north ; and as Canton has been put in communication by telegraph with the frontier of Tonquin, the telegraph now stretches in an unbroken line from Pekin in the north to the most southern boundary of the Chinese empire, and a message either from London or Pekin might reach the headquarters of the Chinese forces on the Tonquin frontier in a few hours.

SERGEANT EDWARD A. BEALs, of the U. S. Signal

Station on Mount Washington, makes an interesting report of the weather for January. He says: “It was a remarkable month for its large wind record, extremely cold weather and electrical phenomena. The total wind record was 36,515 miles, which is more than ever before recorded in any one month, and is estimated to be about 2,000 miles less than the actual movement, owing to frostwork which collects and interferes with the working of the anemometer. The greatest daily movement, 2,140 miles on the 22d, is the greatest ever recorded here, and probably anywhere on the globe. Velocities of 100 miles an hour occurred on eight days. The temperature was below zero on twenty two days, and during all of the cold spells the annount of electricity in the atmosphere was such that severe shocks were felt whenever any of the stoves or the nietallic part of the telegraphic instruments Were touched with the hands. On several Occasions Sparks flew from the head and hands when one person touched another. The temperature was 4-2 degrees below the mean for January. Rain or snow fell on twenty-two days, and the total precipitation was 5'49 inches. At the end of the month twelve inches of unmelted snow remained upon the ground.”


MARY A. LIVERMORE will deliver her Lecture, “Boys of the Period,” Third-day, Third mo. 3d, at 8 P. M., in the Fifth Baptist Church, Eighteenth and Spring Garden Streets. Benefit of the Home for Aged and Infirm Colored Persons.

Tickets 50 cents. To be had at Friends' Book Store, 1020 Arch Street; F. A. North & Co., 1308 Chestnut Street ; Garrigues Bros., 608 Arch Street, or of any of the Managers, and at the door.

The Committee on Education of “Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends,” will hold the third and last Conference of the season, with Parents, School Committees, Teachers, and others interested, on Seventh-day, Second month 28th, 1885, at Fifteenth and Race Streets, Philadelphia, commencing at 10 o'clock.

The subjects for consideration are

1st. How shall we induce our children to keep up an interest in their studies after they leave school?

2d. What place should Natural History have in our Schools?

The company of all interested is desired.


It is the intention of the Committee of Management of the Teachers' Library Association of Friends to have the Library open for its members on the 28th inst., at the close of our next Educational Conference, with some books and periodicals ready for use. Members of the Association having requests to make in regard to the purchase of books, etc., will please send them to the Committee on Books, care of Anna B. Carroll, Fifteenth and Race Streets, Philadelphia, and they will be deliberately considered.

A Conference, under the care of the Quarterly Meeting's Committee on Temperance, will be held at Friends' Meeting-house, Fifteenth and Race Streets, on Sixth-day, Second mo. 27th, 1885, at 8 P. M.

Jonathan K. Taylor, of Baltimore, will give an account of the success of Prohibition in Maryland, and of Temperance generally. All are invited.

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