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BY ELLA WHEELER.

TRUE CULTURE.

and sent down to the constituent meetings as a counsel and admonition, ought to be of great use. As we have no

pastors" amongst us, in the sense used

by other religious bodies, it is our meetings that The highest culture is to speak no ill. The best reformer is the man whose eyes

must look after tbeir membership. It is not merely Are quick to see all beauty and all worth,

that the older members should “take the young peoAnd by his own discreet well-ordered life

ple by the hand," as has been ofteu-and justlyAlone reproves the erring.

urged, but that the young people themselves should When thy gaze

come forward in confidence and respect to greet their Turns in on thine own soul, be most severe, elders. And, still more than this, it is implied that But when it falls upon a fellow man

those whose limbs fail them in the race, those who Let kindness control it, and refrain

are ill, those who are poor, those who are discourFrom that belittling censure that springs forth From common lips, like weeds from marshy soil.

aged-all these, of any and every age--should be thought of and looked after, in that "love of the

brethren,” which is our tie of union. THE WORK OF THE YEARLY MEETING.

A further admirable monition, deserving to be The sessions of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, framed in the mind of every Friend, is that defining which closed on Sixth-day last, were plainly marked a true unity. It is important, indeed. Our business by an earnest and hopeful spirit. The least attentive meetings can accomplish nothing without a sincere observer could not overlook' the general characteris recognition of its requirements

. As we transact our tic of the proceedings-a strong manifestation of vi- business only when harmony opens the way, there talized faith in the Society, and of the intention to must be a Christian desire to harmonize views and renewedly uphold its religious principles. The whole compose divergencies. A proper spirit will smooth tenor of the meeting was that of upward and forward out difficulties; a disposition to contend and dispute movement; not only was there no disposition to re- will prevent all good work. This timely advice of action and retrogression, but there was even a most the Yearly Meeting should be cherished and respected. marked absence of the preference for inactivity and The close of the labors of the " Deficiencies” Conc. repose which too often has left the Society to fall be mittee, it was generally felt, had arrived. The epoch hind in the punctual performance of duties presented which that committee's existence marked has subto it. The spirit of the gathering was that of fresh- stantially ended. Its work has had real importance, ened religious earnestness, concentration of action, and the suggestions it has made are valuable. It gathering instead of scattering, building up instead gives way, now, to the committee which, it is hoped, of sitting down to lament past declension.

will enter faithfully upon the work of rebuilding and Withal, there was a thorough good feeling. Unity renewing. This committee has a wide field and great prevailed. Whatever was done and nothing was work before it. left without being either finished or at least pro- The changes in the discipline proposed by the three gressed that has been esteemed of deep importance Quarterly Meetings, Philadelphia, Bucks, and Burlto the Society's welfare-was accomplished without ington, marked the concern which there is amongst any noted dissent.

us to so amend our rules that the usefulness of the The action on the First-day schools was the most Society may not be weighed down. Of the fourteen important. This was taken in full unity. The time propositions, ten met the unity of the large comfor it had entirely come. It was felt that these mittee which considered them, two others were acschools, if not good, could no longer be indulged ; ceptable without serious dissent, and two only were and, if good, must come under the direct oversight of decidedly opposed. It is evident that the work of the Society. The minute on the subject, prepared in amendment must be soon taken up with greater men's meeting, was a gratifying recognition of the thoroughness and more system. The proposal of Joseph work of the schools, and covered in every essential Wharton for a systematic revision meets the approval particular the features of the case.

of a large part, -we think a great majority, -of our From the suggestions of the “ Deficiencies” Com- members. The other original Yearly Meetings, withmittee there came, also, the excellent recommenda- out exception, bave now had this revision, and Philation of what our friend, Clement Biddle, called the delphia's need of it is deeply felt. "Gospel and pastoral care" of the meeting over its The Indian work has nearly lapsed. The report members; and this, adopted by the Yearly Meeting, of the Standing Committee shows that we bave reached the end of the line which our Society took PHILADELPHIA YEARLY MEETING.—1885. up, in 1869, upon the invitation of President Grant. But can we feel easy to have the work thus cease ? [Our report of the proceedings, last week, closed The Society of Friends was almost the earliest friend with those of Third-day afternoon.] of the American Indian. Can it rest from its care in

FOURTH-DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. his behalf so long as he stands in need of aid, and counsel, and protection? There is, we are sure, a In the men's metting, on Fourth-day morning, desire to do something for him, yet'; if the work at Ellison and David Newport spoke briefly at the the agencies has ended, is there not another direction orening. Robert Hatton having expressed a desire in which it should be begun?

to visit the women's meeting, he was set free to do So, too, with reference to the colored people. so, and the afternoon appointed as a suitable time, Edward H. Magill's presentation of a concern with Dillwyn Parrish and Ellwood Michener accompany. regard to them awakened a sympathetic response, we ing him. The answers to the Fifth Query were then feel sure, in many minds. The slaves are free, but read. As appears from these, the necessities of the as freedmen they still wear many shackles. Upon poor among Friends are duly inspected and assistthem are fetters of ignorance, of sloth, of vice, of ance is afforded; their children freely partake of superstition. To strike these off, to raise them morally, learning to fit them for business; the children of is a work which will take years and scores of years. or those under charge of Friends are not placed It will call for the best aid that every concerned from among Friends, except in one report an excepfriend of theirs can give. Is it fit that our Society tion was noted in the case of a boarding-school. should be entirely inactive in that direction?

Several Friends felt deep concern upon this topic. In considering the reappointment of the Temper. David Newport, Thomas Foulke, Oliver Evans, Jas. ance Committee, a suggestion was made which should W. Janney, John L. Griffin, Ellison Newport Richbe carefully regarded hereafter. This is to call over ard Watson, Samuel S. Ash and others spoke. Judge the names of the large Standing Committees at each Watson thought that there was a great change in Yearly Meeting, that they may be revised for their the situation of affairs since the query was formed. work. The opportunity should be thus given to To-day all children are free to obtain at least the fill vacancies, to replace uninterested members with elements of a fair English education, and he sugthose whose concern is lively, and so to revive the gested that the funds of the Society were not longer strength and energy of each committee. In this con- needed in the primary work, and should be devoted nection, too, was the obviously judicious proposal to providing better and more advanced schools for that in future the reports of the committees should the benefit of the more advanced youth of the Socibe made at the earlier sittings of the meeting, in con- ety. Samuel S. Ash also expressed some very pracnection with the general subjects to which they belong. tical views. The Sixth Query was then read with The report on Temperance naturally follows the the answers thereto. The summary minute is to the answers to the fourth query, and that on Education effect that Friends are careful to maintain a faithful properly accompanies the second of the annual queries. testimony against oaths; bearing arms, training and

A systematic arrangement of the business is, in other military services; being concerned in fraufact, very needful. There can be, only with real dulent or clandestine trade; buying or vending difficulty, a satisfactory consideration of the many goods so imported, or prize goods; and against ensubjects that come up. Much is disposed of under couraging lotteries of any kind. In three of the the pressure of inadequate time. In the Women's reports an exception was made in the attendance Meeting, especially, this was felt to be the case with upon a paid ministry. Considerable expression was several important subjects. And this suggests, too, brought out by the answers to this query. Robert the need there is that those who speak otherwise than Hatton, Oliver Evans, David Newport, James V. directly to the business in hand should seriously and Watson, Abel A. Hull and others spoke on the topic. weightily consider their communications, to avoid all James V. Watson especially referred to the "hireunnecessary words. Friends will bear much, even ling” ministry clause, taking a liberal and mild in their meetings for business, rather than incúr the ground toward the treatment of other organizations danger of quenching a true spirit, or checking a timely and the leaders thereof, many of whom are undoubtcounsel, but it is the duty of each speaker to be edly conscientious, pure-minded, God-serving men. cautious lest the spirit of the meeting be quenched In the afternoon, in men's meeting, the answers to by deliverances that are prolixtrivial or inopposite. the Seventh Query were read. In the discussion of

them, Robert Hatton thought that keeping to mode

ration did not refer alone to pecuniary transactions, MAKE thy life better than thy work. Too oft Our artists spend their skill in rounding soft

but to all the affairs of every-day life, and to habits Fair curves upon their statues, while the rough

and customs as well as business affairs. James V. And ragged edges of the unbewn stuff

Watson urged Friends to a greater promptness in In their natures, startle and offend

the settlement of debts, dwelling upon the point that The eye of critic and the heart of friend.

promptness ardong those who have abundant means If in the too brief day thou must neglect

was too little regarded. A strict compliance with the Thy labor or thy life, let men detect

recommendation of the query might be the means of Flaws in thy work! while their most searching gaze saving much distress in many instances. The answers Can fall on nothing which they may not praise In thy well-chiseled character. The man

to the Eighth Query showed that care has generally Should not be shadowed by the artisan.

been taken to deal with offenders without unneces-Ella Wheeler Wilcox. sary delay in the manner queried after. Due care is

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also most universally observed in keeping records of affirmative replies were an evidence of the warm births and deaths, as asked after in the Ninth Query. fraternal feeling that indicates true brotherly love In reply to the First Annual Query several changes and true discipleship to Christ. were noted in the times, and a few in the places of The Sixth Query was answered with scrupulous holding meetings. The reports on the Second An- minuteness, even making an exception concerning nual Query showed that there are within the limits those who are not clear of availing themselves of of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting 40 schools, super- chances held out by merchants in disposing of their intended by committees of Monthly and Preparative goods. Meetings ; in direct charge of these are 119 teachers, The Seventh Query was also answered with its of whom 89 are in membership with Friends; there usual affirmative fulness. To live wisely and heedare 2,697 pupils (so far as the reports give figures) fully within the bounds of their circumstances, to be in attendance at these schools, of whom 689 are just in the payment of debts, and to be watchful over members and 293 have one parent a member; 35 of one another for good, have long been held essential the schools attend mid-week meeting, the others be- to the fulfillment of the law divine. ing so situated that this is impracticable. Immedi- The Eighth Query, in relation to the treatment of ately following this, to be considered with it, was offenders against the Discipline, was answered in read the report of the Yearly Meeting's Committee much fulness, except in a few instances where the on Education. (This is elsewhere given in full.] The deficiency did not appear great. committee was continued for another year. The an- The Ninth Query called forth the answer that care swers to the Third Annual Query indicated that the is generally taken to keep a regular record of births queries are regularly read and answered in the vari- and deaths. ous Quarterly, Monthly and Preparative Meetings, The First Annual Query was replied to, showing as is directed. A memorial from Camden Monthly there had been several changes in the time and place Meeting (D:l.), upon the life and character of Pa- of holding meetings. Amongst these, Evesham tience #. Jenkins was read and met with expressions Monthly Meeting has been laid down and its memof much unity.

bers distributed between Chester and Medford. In the women's meeting, in the morning, after The Second Annual Query was responded to. reading the minutes of the preceding day, embody- [The details are given under the men's meeting's acing a summary of the religious exercises, the answers tion.] to the Fourth Query were read. One of these ac

FIFTH-DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. knowledged a deficiency in observing the requirements of the first clause, as to clearness of the man

Meetings for worship were held, as usual, in the ufacture and sale of intoxicating beverages. This morning, in the Meeting houses at Green street, made some inquiry needful, and it was stated that in Spruce street, Girard avenue and Race street. In one instance a Friend had cider made, and had sold the afternoon, the sessions for business were resumed. it to her neighbors. This minuteness of inquiry, and sentative Committee, for the past year, were read,

In the men's meeting the minutes of the Repreştrict and rigid faithfulness in reporting to the Yearly together with the names of members of the Comscientiousness extending to the minutest particulars mittee for the ensuing year. The work of the Comof the conduct of life.

mittee on "Deficiencies” was then taken up, and There seems to be the usual care to discourage the the Clerk read, first, the report of last year, which use of intoxicants, either as a beverage or medici- was then referred to this session, and second, the re

port of the Committee for the year just past. [The nally. The attendance at places of exciting diversion was

latter report is given elsewhere in full.] feelingly and thoughtfully treated by Lydia H. Price. these there was much earnest expression.

In the consideration of the subjects presented by If the sentiments of the heart are stimulated by joined in by Edward H. Magill, Oliver Evans, James scenes of imaginary woe, it is certain that the holy V. Watson, Joseph Flowers, Samuel Swain, Richard sympathies which should impel us to deeds of mercy Watson, Clement M. Biddle and others. and love are fruitlessly expended. This objection applies as fully to sensational reading, as it operates the First-day Schools, the following important minute

As the result of the meeting's labors concerning stitute morbido sentimentality for Christian sensi prepared by the Clerk, was, with full unity, agreed to : bility.

"The subject of the guarded religious education of The report of the Temperance Committee was then our youth having claimed the attention of our Yearly read. [It will be found elsewhere in full.] This ordinary school education so important in the affairs

Meeting for many years past, in connection with the report was fully endorsed and accepted by the meet- of life; it has been deemed of great importance by ing, and the committee was encouraged in its course many of our members in different parts of our Yearly and continued in the service.

Meeting to gather the children on the First day of the In the afternoon session, a visit of religious minis. week to train them as expressed in our discipline in tration was received from Robert Hatton. The fa- another.' Friends are encouraged to embrace every

the knowledge of their duty to God and one toward therly exhortation of this dear Friend was listened right opening that may be presented to gather the to with attention, and on the retirement of R. H. children as well on the First-day of the week as at and his friends, the business of the Yearly Meeting other times, to preserve them in the simplicity of our

religious profession, and instil into their tender minds was resumed. The Fifth Query, in regard to care for those in step by step as they mature in years the testimonies of

Divine truth, as held by us. Monthly Meetings are necessitous circumstances, was then considered. The encouraged as way may open to give attention and

It was

judicious care to this concern so apparent amongst us, And also the recommendation in this year's report, and by the appointment of suitable committees or as follows: otherwise, to extend, aid and encouragement thereto.In the women's meeting, the first business was the pline that in conducting the affairs of our meetings,

"Feeling the importance of the advice in our Discireading of the four essays for epistles to be sent to Friends should endeavor to manage them with forthe corresponding Yearly Meetings. These were apbearance and love of each other, we believe it right to proved, and were directed to be transcribed and for recommend that those who may feel a concern for the warded to the Clerks of those Meetings. One essay their views should not manifest an over-anxious care

adoption of any measure, after having fully expressed was general, and was sent to three Meetings. whether they prevail, and that those who may not

Many religious exercises, taking a wide range, feel prepared for the adoption of a proposition shall occupied most of the early part of the session. not endeavor to prevent its success loy undue opposiMothers were exhorted to watch religiously over the tion, but after having spoken, submit to the generally early years of their sons, before they go forth to the expressed views of the nieeting.” business world. So may they carry with then high Were both adopted by the Yearly Meeting, as its religious principles which will preserve them pure expression, in the following minute: from the contaminations of the world. Elizabeth

“On consideration thereof by the meeting, it conH. Plummer spoke at considerable length on the cluded to adopt these two recommendations and refer precious character of our testimonies, and the excel the same to the careful attention of our subordinate lence of the Rules of Discipline which former gene- meetings.” rations have framed.

The sense of the meeting clearly being that the The reading and review of the minutes of the inquiry into “Deficiencies » had reachet its proper Representative Committee next engaged the meeting limit, it was agreed to discharge the committee, but and the roll of the present members of that Com- it was felt that the work which it had pointed out mittee was read.

should be pursued, and the following minute was A beautiful and touching memorial concerning our made by the clerk, and fully united with : friend Patience H. Jenkins, deceased, of Camden,

"The concern and labors of the Deficiencies ComDel., was then laid before the meeting. Lydia H. mittee have been satisfactory to the meeting, and they Price responded, giving a loving tribute to this vener- are released from further care in relation to the defiable and honored mother in Israel, gone home to the ciencies amongst us, but are continued for the purpose Heavenly Father's rest. Many bore witness to the of considering and proposing to our next sitting the peculiar beauty of her character, her meekness

, her names of a suitable comunittee to have the care of visit

ing the branches of this Yearly Meeting, and encourcharity, her gentle faithfulness, her ministration of aging Friends in the more faithful attention to the the Word of life, are still present in memory. The requirements of our Discipline and upholding and language of one whose experience had been kindred sustaining the testimonies of our religious Society." to that of our departed Friend was, “Oh, that we The report of the joint Committee on Indian may

be also ready." A. R. Paul said, “ The fathers Affairs was read. [It will be found elsewhere.] The

mothers, where are they-and the prophets, do Committee was continued for another year. they live forever?” She mourned for

She mourned for many under The Committee on Temperance and Intoxicating whose baptizing ministry she had often sat in days Beverages presented its report. [This is elsewhere gone by. These have borne the mantle of God's printed.] The Committee was continued for another power and love worthily.

year, after some discussion of the need for revising its membership, it having been appointed in 1881. It was concluded to leave the matter for another

year,

but SIXTH-DAY'S PROCEEDINGS.

there was decided expression that all such standing The men's meeting resumed the consideration of committees should be called over and revised at each the work of the “Deficiency” Committee.

The Yearly Meeting

The Treasurer's account for the past year was reminute of the previous afternoon having disposed of the chief recommendation in last year's report—in ported by the Committee which had been appointed to reference to First-day Schools--the recommendation examine it, and Thomas J. Husband appointed Treasin last year's report, as follows:

urer for the ensuing year. It was shown that a balance

of $3,791.47 remained in his hands, and that $1,250, " Parents are supposed to be concerned for their the proceeds of the sale of the Sarah Zane property children and to give them counsel on religious sub- and a legacy of $285 (nett) had been received and jects, but find at times that they need outward assistWithout relieving parents of their responsibili

invested. The expenditures included among other ties, or overseers from a diligent performance of their items $1,216.28 to the use of the Representative Comduties, we believe much good would result from the mittee, $1,858.70 to the Committee on Education, appointment by Monthly Meetings of standing com- and $137.63 to the Committee on Temperance. It mittees, to report annually, composed of persons who was recommended that $3,000 be raised for the use are alive to the importance of their appointinent, to of the Meeting in the present year. Dillwyn Parrish visit in the spirit of love their members from time to and

Joseph C. Turnpenny were appointed to act as ; to encourage all to the performance of their religious correspondents of the Yearly Meeting. The reduties; and who shall be expected to look after the mainder of the morning session was devoted to the children as they are growing up to maturity, and reading of aʼmemorial of the late Caleb Clothier, premanifest an interest in their welfare, thus endeavoring pared and forwarded by Philadelphia Monthly Meetto aid parents in bringing their children up to feel an increased interest in our religious Society and its im- ing, of which he was a member. Remarks pertainportant testimonies."

ing to the high character and valuable labors of the

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deceased Friend were made by a number of those ington Quarterly Meeting, not being formal in lanpresent.

guage be returned to that meeting. At the opening of the afternoon session Dillwyn A summary of the exercises that had. prevailed Parrish, James W. Janney, Richard K. Betts, Isaac during the sessions was then read, following which C. Martindale, David Newport, Ezra Fell and James John L. Griffin, of New York, feelingly spoke of the Gaskill were appointed to assist the clerks in pre- advanced age of many of those present, and encourparing the extracts from the minutes of the Yearly aged Friends to a continuance of habits of simplicity Meeting for publication, and to transcribe and for- and temperance, which has lengthened their years as ward the epistles to the corresponding Yearly Meet- individuals. The meeting had been to him a season ings. The epistle was read before the meeting and of refreshment of spirit, marked by harmony and contained testimonies against corrupt literature, in- , affection throughout all of the proceedings. temperance, the

use of tobacco and the temptations Robert S. Haviland, of New York, also desired to of the world. The recognition and proposed over- express his satisfaction with the evidences ot' faithful sight of First-day schools by the Meeting was noted, work in the service of Christ that had been laid before as also the perceptible revival of interest in the the meeting, and said that the Society of Friends must Society following the labors of the Committee ap. not die out; that there is a work yet for them to do. pointed to visit and encourage the lesser meetings. Thomas Foulke, New York, said that greater work

The report of the Committee directed to bring for- still awaited Friends and that they must engage in it ward names for the Committee to visit and encourage with the aid of that wisdom which comes from above. meetings, reported the names of a large committee, as He enjoined increased faithfulness, the faithfulness follows (those names of men Friends being omitted that endures until death. which were not answered to when called, and also The clerk then read the concluding minute as the names of those who were excused) :

follows: “During the several sittings of this, our

annual assembly, the precious covering of Divine Watson Tomlinson,

Joseph Powell,
Joseph R. Livezey,
William Wade Griscom,

love appeared very fully to be around us and under

the influence of this we have been enabled to transAnos Hillborn,

James V. Watson,
Franklin T. Haines,
Evan T. Swayne,

act our business in brotherly love and condescension. Isaac Eyre,

Jonathan W. Gillam, With thankful hearts for the many blessings bestowed, Barclay Knight,

Janies W. Janney, we now conclude to meet again at the usual time Ezra Fell,

Henry T. Child,
Saniuel S. Ash,
Robert Hatton,

next year if consistent with the Divine will." Isaac C. Martindale, Thomas W. Sheward,

In the Women's Meeting, at the morning session, Joel Borton, Jr., William C. Parry,

the reading of the essay prepared by the Epistle Aaron Twining, John J. Moore,

Committee to be sent to Illinois Yearly Meeting, Jeremiah Hayhurst, Martha Dodgson,

called forth a warm response of unity. It was fully Howard M. Jenkins, Jane D. Satterthwaite,

approved, adopted, and directed to be signed and Edmund Webster,

Macre P. Eyre,
Charles Kirk,
Abigail R. Paul,

forwarded. A clause embodying a fervent appeal in Jesse Webster, Aune S. Clothier,

favor of the treatment of the lower animals was S. Robinson Coale,

Catharine P. Foulke, especially approved by one speaker. Cruelty here, Ellwood Michener,

Margaretta Walton, brutalizes character and makes mankind cruel to Cleinent Biddle,

Mary M. Thomas, Clement M. Biddle, Rebecca J. Cowperthwaite

their own race. Lydia H. Hall, in approving the Mary S. Harvey, Harriet E. Kirk,

several epistles produced by the committee, proposed Elizabeth Lloyd, Elmira Twining,

a change in the mode of appointing the committee Lydia H. Hall,

Matilda E. Janney, having the weighty service of formulating the voice Sarah Ann Conard, Rachel W. Hillborn, of the

Yearly Meeting that goes forth to the Churches, . Sarah Griscom, Louisa J. Roberts.

She proposed the appointment of Friends from each It was suggested that the committee be given Quarterly Meeting: just as Representatives are apauthority to add to its number, but this, being ob pointed, having special services assigned them. jected to in some quarters, was not pressed. An- Several Friends (Harriet E. Kirk, Louisa J. Roberts nouncement was made that the committee would meet and others), approved the proposition, but the geneon Seventh-day, the 30th of the present month, at 1 ral sense of the meeting could not be seen to be in o'clock, in room No. 1 of Race Street Meeting-house. favor of it. E. H. Plummer considered it would be

The report of the Joint Committee ou the proposed more mechanical than the present method of appointchanges in the Discipline was then read. [It will be ing the committee from the Yearly Meeting assembled. found elsewhere.] Joseph Wharton spoke, favoring Sarah Ann Bailey spoke with deep earnestness of a general revisiou of the entire Discipline, which he the high value to our youth of birthright memberthought, should embody a plan of rearrangement ship in the Society of Friends. It is a precious which would improve and simplify the various sec- legacy from faithful parents. tions, and especially would omit those notable passages This exercise was confirmed by the testimony of which, if enforced would impose dogmatic views, Louisa J. Roberts. Parents ought to teach their sons under pain of disownment, upon the large part of and daughters the value to them of their inheritance the Society that is not in unity with them. The ac- of membership in this religious body. tion of the meeting was finally embodied by the clerk, The report of the Committee on Deficiencies " in a minute that the amendments approved by the was then taken up, and after consideration the action committee (being eight of those proposed from Phila- of the Men's Meeting was concurred in. The names delphia Quarter) lie over for action at the next of the women Friends appointed on the new comYearly Meeting, and that the proposals from Burl- mittee will be found with those of men Friends.)

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