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THE CHEAPNESS OF HUMAN LIFE.
jects of lynch-law administration numbered two hun
dred and nineteen (219), or about twice as many as In a recently published article upon the state of so, the number of those who were judicially executed. ciety in the South-particular reference being had There is thus evident, on the one hand, an aversion to to the moral and educational status of the colored the inflicting of the capital penalty; on the other, people--there occurred an allusion to the increase in a passionate determination to summarily administer the number of homicide cases, especially in the State the law (?) without judge or jury—both conditions of Kentucky. I was about to make a note of the being out of harmony with this age of civilization and figures, with a view to furnishing them to a foreign of professing Christianity. correspondent much interested in penal reform and It may therefore be pertinently asked, in view of cognate matters, but, upon further consideration, the fact that several of the States of this Republic deemed it best to refrain, having a fear lest the state and several of the cantons of Switzerland wherein ment, if not indeed greatly exaggerated, might by capital punishment had been abolished by law have many be taken to be so. Since then, however, I have recently restored, or are moving to restore, the extreme seen it stated upon the authority of a leading journal penalty, whether any real benefit is likely to follow which has given special attention to the subject, that the re-enactment. Those evil customs or social there was undoubtedly a large increase in the number conditions which so often eventuate in murders are, of murders for 1884 as compared with the year pre-chiefly rum-drinking, religious skepticism, pernicious ceding—the total for all the United States being three reading and play-going, the carrying of deadly thousand three hundred and seventy-seven.
weapons, and the disregard of the first day of the He who makes a study of political economy, will, week. All these are on the increase in this country in considering its historic development, have occasion as well as in Switzerland. In the latter country a to note with satisfaction the gradual substitution of late inquiry relative to the prevalence of the rumlaw and of other amicable methods in the place of drinking habit, revealed a sorrowful state of affairs. brute force for the settlement of differences, whether As to our own land, recent statistics show that in the such differences be private, inter-tribal and provincial, last four years the increase in the consumption of lior international. Within a few years, however, observ- quors has been twice as great as the increase in the ing how many rencontres terminating in bloodshed population. What avails it, then, in seeking to stay the and death have arisen (especially in the South) out murder-passion, that we retaliate upon the baleful reof family feuds, the members of one family embittered result, if with much more vigor, we attack not the evil against another, and ever on the lookout to pay up root; in other words, why re-enact the penalty of death old scores, even to the taking of life, I have been in by hanging, by the guillotine, or by any other summary clined to query whether there were not evidences of process, when men can freely obtain that which mada retrograde tendency—a going back in the direction dens them, fires their brains, and renders them inof duel-practice,clan-fighting,aud the judicial combat, sane and ready for murder, at shops licensed by law or wager of battle. Likewise, the prominence given to deal out the poison. in many Northern dailies to the doings of prize- The following suggestive, but truly saddening fighters, suggest the old pagan days when the blood of statement concerning the new enslavement of the martyred Christians was shed upon the arena. negro population of the South is given in last
A similar view to that above expressed has come month's National Temperance Advocate. It rests upon to my notice since the foregoing was penned, and it the authority of President De Forest, of Talledega is to be found in certain remarks made by the French College, Alabama, and is submitted, in conclusion, pastor and publicist, Edmond de Pressensé, now a without comment: member of the National Assembly of France. Ad- “Rum, of course is the ruin of our black people, verting to the recent circumstance of deliberate who find liberty in license, and drink vastly more shooting by a notorious French woman, of a man than when slaves. . . . In unevangelized places, and whom she suspected of slandering her, of her glorying that means much the larger part, the saloons are full of in her guilt, and, upon her release, of being carried black tipplers, and the street corners are thronged home in triumph by her friends whilst bouquets were with black idlers, whereas slavery had a law and showered upon her by applauding spectators, he says, a lash for both of these offenders. Formerly the that this incident, with many others of a not dissimilar whites had a monopoly in drinking and loafing ; sort which he might mention, “argue a return to a state now the negro has become an active partner, and of barbarism. It is the old savage warfare re-appearing selling liquor to colored men has passed from zero to in the midst of modern civilization, and facilitated by a vast and lucrative business. A very intelligent the more deadly appliances of the present day. The colored man said to me recently that they spent a powers of evil have indefinitely multiplied their wea- thousand dollars for liquor now to one before the war. pons of late, even apart from dynamite, the favorite The result of this is misery, degradation, and woe tool of the anarchist everywhere." The foremost unutterable.-Josiah W. Leeds, in The Student. cause is declared to be the elimination of God from the moral world, and denying the authority-aye,
WHOEVER fights, whoever falls, even the very existence-of a moral sense, or con
Justice conquers evermore, science.
Justice after as before, Now, of the three thousand three hundred and
And he who battles on her side, seventy-seven murders said to have happened in this
God, though he were ten times slain,
Crowus him victor glorified, country last year, only one hundred and eleven (111)
Victor over death and pain, were followed by executions, wbilst the wretched sub
- Ralph Waldo Emerson,
and there that it can be said to be well maintained. At the
FRIENDS' BOOK ASSOCIATION.
it with me there! I have experienced the blessing The Twelfth Annual Meeting of the Friends' Book which the soul enjoys when it quietly rests in God.
Samuel Adams. By Prof. James K. Hosmer. (Am. tary. The following report was presented, and after Statesman Series). From the Press of Houghton , some discussion accepted and referred to the incom- Mifflin & Co., Boston.-Bancroft has characterized ing Board :
this early Statesman of America as the helmsman of The Twelfth Annual Report of the Board of Directors the Revolution at its origin, the truest representative of Friends' Book Association, of Philadelphia.
of the home rule of Massachusetts in its town meetings
and General Court. We doubt not this is, or will be To the Stockholders :
as welcome to the reading public, as have been the Your Board of Directors has held regular Quarterly twelve preceding volumes of the "Am. Statesman Meetings, and through its Executive Committee, Series.”* The object has not been, in this series, to monthly reports of the financial condition of the give, merely, a number of unconnected narratives of business of the store (furnished by the Superintendent, men conspicuous in political life in America, but to John Conily), have been carefully examined.
produce books, which shall, when taken together, The summary of these reports shows a small loss in indicate the lines of political thought and developthe business of the year, mainly caused by a robbery ment in American bistory. which occurred at the store, 1020 Arch street, in Tenth At the close of the last chapter of his interesting month last. The amount of merchandise on hand, biographical sketch of Sainuel Adams, Prof. Hosmer Third month 31st, 1885, was $11,737.56. Since last
says: report we have published Essays on the Views of
“The town-meeting has been called 'the primordial cell of Friends," by J. J. Cornell ; stereotyped and printed our body politic. Is its condition at present such as to satisfy 6,000 copies, most of which have been sold. We have us? As we have seen, even in New England, it is only here also stereotyped and printed : 1,500 copies "George South, Anglo-Saxou freedom, like the enchanted prince of the Fox's Dissertation on Christian Testimonies,” by S. Arabian Nights,' whose body below the waist the evil witch M. Janney ; 1,500 copies George Fox's Christian had fixed in black marble, had been fixed in African slavery. Discipline,'' by S. M. Janney; 1,500 copies George they are weak and wasted from the hideous trammel. 'The
The spell is destroyed; the prince las his limbs again, but Fox's Ministry,” by S. M. Janney.
traces of the folk-mote in the South are sadly few. Nor elseWe have printed froin the stereotype plates in our
where is the prospect encouraging. The influx of alien tides
to whom our precious heirloonis are as nothing, the growth possession the following:
of cities and the inextricable inequalities and perplexities of 500 Janney's “Life of George Fox."
their government, the vast inequality of condition between 1,000 “Young Friends' Manual,” by Benjamin | man and man-what room is there for the little primary Hallowell.
council of freemen, homogeneous in stock, holding the same
faitli, on the same level as to wealth and station, not too few We have made the plates and printed an edition of in numbers for the kindling of interest, nor so many as to be 500 copies of “The Life of Banneker, the Afric-come unmanageable; what room is there for it, or how can it American Astronomer," by Martha E. Tyson, for it. Freeman remarks that in sone of the Ainerican colonies, Anne L. Kirk; an edition of “ William Canby and his representation has supplanted the primitive Teutonic demoDescendants,” Extracts of
Philadelphia Yearly Meet- cracy, wlich had sprung into life in the institution of the first ing, Swarthmore College Catalogue, Report of Board tion has supplanted democracy. It is an admirable, an indisof Managers and Minutes, Report of the Home for pensable expedient, of course. Yet that a representative sysDestitute Colored Children, Report of Friends' Home tem may be thoroughly well managed, we need below it the for Children, besides various school Reports, Cata- primary assemblies of the individual citizens, regular, fixed,
frequent aud accessible,' discussing affairs and deciding for logues, etc.
theinselves. De Tocqueville seems to have thought that AngloWe believe this branch of our business might be Saxon Anierica owes its existence to the town-meeting. It greatly increased, and the principles and testimonies not a main source of our freedom. Certainly it is well to hold of our religious Society more effectively disseminated, itin
memory; to give it new life, if possible, whereverit exists; if the fund for publishing literature for gratuitous dis- to reproduce some semblance of it, however faint, in regions tribution was enlarged to meet the growing demand half-forgotten figure who, of all men, is its best type and reprefor such information. Signed on behalf of the Board,
Appleton's Chart Primer. By Rebecca D. Rickoff. LOUISA J. ROBERTS, HENRY BENTLEY, Appleton & Co., New York.—This is a charming little Secretary.
book of language and color lessons for beginners. It Fifth month 11th, 1885.
is to be used during the first school days-days apt to The following Friends were elected to serve as
be wearisome to the children and taxing to the teacher. Directors for the ensuing year :
The Chart Primer comes with beautiful pictures to Henry Bentley,
T. Ellwood Chapman, the child. Conversations and color lessons are to be
attract the eye, and to suggest descriptive words to Dillwyn Parrish,
Louisa J. Roberts, Amos Hillborn,
mingled with easy reading lessons, so as to give the
Lydia H. Hall, Lavinia P. Yeatinan,
little one easy command of sufficient words for the
M. Fisher Longstreth, first steps in learning. The Primer Supplements the Clement M. Biddle,
Amos J. Peaslee, Jeremiah Hayhurst,
Charts, now so universally in use, but will do very S. Raymond Roberts.
well without them. S. RAYMOND ROBERTS, Secretary. The colored illustrations are really artistic, as well
they may be, being the designs of such artists as Ida I TRAVELED along a broad highway, where was so
Waugh and Kate Greenaway. much dust and tumult that my soul became weary. laboring to-day to render the work of the training of
We give thanks and praise to all those who are I looked often to the right and to the left for a diver- children for life ever easier and easier to both learner ging road; but I was hurried forward by the tum- and teacher. The way is long, the path not too easy
must ultuous crowd, and
could hardly retain my senses. at the very best, and the pathway of the gods Then my heavenly Friend sought me in the throng, may make the approaches to this pathway as pleasing
forever continue to be “steep and craggy,” but we led me forth by secret ways, and brought me into and as flowery as the skill and taste of our wisest and a green meadow and by still waters. Ah! how well was best can devise
unseen such as was never felt before.
boats and nets on the Sea of Galilee.
AMONG the commendable efforts of the present day, The artlessness of the narration seems to Dr. Furis that which aims to procure for childhood reading ness to be strong evidence of its truth and sincerity, which is wholesome, pleasing, and to some extent in- and he holds that the Resurrection of Christ was an structive. Our attention is attracted to a little book actual fact, while not pronouncing it a miracle or a published by Roberts Bros., Boston, entitled Daddy wonder. He says, justly, that we cannot pretend to Darwin's Dovecot. It is only a pleasant little harm- know all the ways of nature, and haye no authority less picture of Yorkshire, (England), country life, in for pronouncing it a miracle in the sense of a violawhich faithfulness to duty, innocence, and gratitude tion of these ways. Might it not be reasonable to are all charmingly and naturally set forth, with their believe it took place in perfect consistency with the results.
divine way, and in obedience to some law of nature The illustrations have so much spirit that they add —the law of the supremacy of spirit over matter? very much to the merits of the little book.
Says the author : FROM D. Appleton & Co., N. Y., comes a little volume on the human body, and how to take care of harmony with the Divine will and order, through a faith,
“Living, dying and rising from the dead in profoundest it, which bears the name How We Live. It is an
identified with his inmost personal consciousness, in the Infielementary course in Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, by James Johonnot & Eugene Bouton,Ph.D. animate, Christ is our fullest revelation of God and of the
nite One dwelling in him, and in all things animate and inThis is one of the numerous works on Physiology Divine life in the soul of man. and Hygiene, in the interests of temperance reform,
“His resurrection was justified by the power with which it by which it is hoped the study will be effectively in wrought. To change those poor men who first put faith in troduced into the public schools. We find the effects him into saints and martyrs, through whom the world was to of alcohol and of narcotics clearly and simply stated, be revolutionized, it was worth while for the greatest of the without exaggeration; and every point which relates
sons of men to awake from the deep slumber of death, and to the proper care of the physical system, is treated as
show himself to them and inspire them with a faith in things fully, as so brief a work can do it. The evils of pressure upon the waist, of the use of shoes that are instruments of torture, and of the irritation of the from the world into an unsubstantial dream of the Past, cast
"Had he not done so, his memory would have faded away delicate organs of sensation, are set forth sufficientlywith the earnest confirmation of the skillful and ing no light of sanctity upon the Present, nor of hope upon the
Future. His disciples would have gone mourning back to their faithful teacher, to impress the miuds of children so fully, that they will retain the impression to after life. The subject of temperance instruction in public that he who had been all in all to them, for whom they had
“But, as it was, assured beyond the shadow of a misgiving schools now greatly interests our best and wisest forsaken all else, was still living, with a courage that princes citizens. The act of Fourth month 2, 1885, (Pennsyl- and all the powers of Church and State could not daunt, those vania) authorizes Physiology and Hygiene to be in- humble men went forth and published their faith in the Risen cluded in the branches now required by law to be Christ, sealing that faith with their blood. This was the one taught in the common schools of this State.
This act takes effect inmediately, though teachers Fact, upon the truth of which they staked life and all that are not perhaps as yet fully qualified to take up the makes life dear-that Christ had risen from the dead, and was
still living." subject scientifically, and are not required to pass an examination in the branches desired till next year. In such circumstances it is well to have so simple a little manual as this, in which every teacher can get
CURRENT EVENTS. a familiarity with the first elementary steps-and lead the children along with them without much or any Domestic.-General Grant is now driving and walkprevious study.
ing out again, and the daily health bulletins have We hope no time be lost in taking this step with ceased. He sleeps and eats comparatively well, and energy and faith. While too many of our present is in fairly good spirits. But the fact remains that he voters favor the interests of distillers, brewers and is growing thinner daily, losing, the papers say, about
saloons," rather than the cause of righteousness, two pounds a week. The disease in the throat aptemperance and judgment, it may be of some avail to pears to be arrested at present, but only the most try to train up more enlightened citizens for the com- sanguine can believe that he is on the road to reing time, toward which we are ever looking with hope.covery.. It is something that the literature is all ready.
A RELIEF fund for the fever-stricken people of The Story of the Resurrection of Christ. By Wm. Plymouth, Pa., has been started and contributions H. Furness, D.D.-This interesting work is from the have been made in Philadelphia and elsewhere. This press of J. B. Lippincott & Co. It will be read with has enabled systematic help to be extended to the interest by students of the New Testament, since it sufferers who have been rendered helpless by the treats of the event deemed so important by all schools pestilence. The disease is pronounced to be typhoid of theology, and concerning which such varying fever of a malignant type, probably caused by the opinions are held.
failing of the water supply. Says Dr. Furness : " It is now more than fifty years ago that, in reading the ac
THE sixth annual examination at the Indian Traincounts of the most extraordinary event in the history of Christ ing School at Carlisle was held on the sixth instant -the event upon which the Apostles laid the greatest stress, I in the presence of a large and intelligent audience. the corner-stone of primitive Christianity-the reappearance The exercises, which were highly interesting, disof Christ alive after death, it came to me that what the guard played remarkable progress on the part of the pupils, at the sepulchre mistook for a figure alighting from heaven, in all the branches in which instruction has been and the women believed to be an angel, was no other than given. About 480 pupils are now on the rolls of the
school, some 80 of whom are learning practically the Then follows a careful array of the evidences which art of civilized life in various families in the Eastern have been sufficient to convince the author of the
States. truth of his position.
Foreign.-Riel's rebellion in Northwestern Canada, He places side by side the statements of the four is not easily suppressed, and it is feared that the Evangelists, showing by their want of correspondence Dominion forces have suffered a severe reverse near that there was no collusion between them. Each Battleford, N. W.F. The most serious danger now wrote according to his own conclusions, and simply is that there may be a general Indian rising. It has related what had seemed to him to be the facts. been evident from the first that the loyalty of many
of the tribes was contingent on the prompt defeat of Jon "Types of American Women," which was largely the rebels in the field, and now that the ability of the attended and attentively listened to. militia to subdue them seems so doubtful, it is hardly possible that the more warlike and restless Indians strip of land at the west end of Coney Island, near
SEVERAL citizens of New York have purchased a will remain,
the Sea View hotel, for sanitarian purposes. It has a MORE trouble is reported in Egypt, Osman Digna frontage of 300 feet on the ocean and extends back to having again gathered an army about him; but it is Gravesend Bay without diminishing in width. The thought the present scarcity of food in the desert, will land covers an area of 30 acres. Nothing will be done prevent this army from concentrating so as to become with the property this summer, but it is proposed to so formidable as to require a British expedition for the erect in the fall å building that can be used as a sanisuppression of El Mahdi's champion.
tarium next summer. This will be for the benefit of The Mediterranean Sea has encroached upon the the children of the poor and the inmates of the Catholand in the Nile Delta to a point at present beyond
lic Orphan Asylumis. Rosetta. Cattle are perishing from the effects of salt A NEW effort to establish a line of railroad in China water drank by them in desperate thirst, and the has been partially successful. Li Hung Chang, the human inhabitants of the invaded region are suffering viceroy, has been anxious for a long time to bring the terribly from want of fresh water, which has to be coal from the Kaiping mines, in Pekin, a distance of sent them from large distances by railway.
105 miles; but the people would not allow the English THE revised edition of the Old Testament will be engineers to complete the work, and insisted upon
THE revised edition of the Old Testament will be building a canal. The canal, however, could not be given to the public in London on the 19th, instant, brought to the mouth of the mine, so that the engiand will be published in New York on the 21st.
neers were allowed to make a railroad 71 miles long. THE French Chamber of Deputies was formally re- At first, the authorities insisted upon the use of mules opened on Fifth month 4th. It is believed that the instead of locomotives; but their prejudices have at Brisson Ministry will endeavor at the first opportunity last yielded, and three locomotives are now employed. to rid themselves of the Tonquin burden. The These coal mines are said to be worked very scientificlimate is unfit for Europeans. The Suez Canal cally, the only difficulty being that the glass of the Commission have decided to exempt Egypt and patent lamps designed to protect against explosion is Turkey from
the interdiction of acts of hostility in the continually broken by the Chinese in order to light Suez Canal, or the landing of troops on its banks for their pipes. Slowly but surely China is yielding to the defense of Egypt.
Western ideas. It is represented that the general feeling in France WILL it be believed that the working population of is against the costly aggressive policy of the late this city, who follow their respective avocations by ministry, especially in regard to the war in Made- night, is not far from 60,000, that is to say, about double gascar which has been dragging along without ad- the entire population of New York at the close of the vancement for some time. It is hoped that the peace Revolution ? Add to these the tramps and outcasts policy may now prevail in the French republic. and we have 20,000 more. The churches are beginning LONDON advices of the 9th instant are to the effect half of this vast army of after-dark toilers and human
to think it is about time something was done on bethat the Anglo-Russian situation is still uncertain. beings without homes, and before long I am imformed for war are being carried on with vigor on both sides. will be undertaken, and in a way, too, that will be
an important movement designed for their benefit
likely to command the united support of all denomiITEMS.
nations. With reference to the matter the Churchman pertinently remarks: “Whoever is abroad occasion
ally at midnight, or in the early morning, must feel At the instance of the State Board of Health a sani- deeply impressed by the whole subject, and realize the tary inspection will be made of all the railway stations danger incurred by the failure to deal with a field of and grounds, hotels, camp grounds and other places such immense proportions. We send missionaries to of public resort in New Hampshire.
China, Africa and Japan, which is right. We pray
for the natives of Madagascar, Melanesia and Ceylon, THE Liverpool Post says landlords and tenants will but what about the heathen wandering every night be interested in learning that in the Queen's Bench past our very doors ?"-N. Y. Tribune. Division a jury has awarded a tenant £45 damages for illness caused through the drains of a house not being maintained in proper order.
NOTICES. THE Wilmington Every Evening has published despatches from all points of the peach-growing districts of the Delaware peninsula, which concur in predict- Fifth mo. 20th, at Race Street, 3 P. M. ing an unusually large crop,"unless some unforeseen disaster shall occur.
21st, at Spruce Street, 101 A. M.
21st, at Green Street, 3 P. M. MARY A. LIVERMORE, of Boston, says that out of a once large fortune Wendell Phillips left only $25,000, and that the day before he died he burned a small Friends' Temperance Committees, Yearly and Quar
There will be a Conference under the auspices of fortune in notes he held against people for whom, as terly, at Fallsington, Bucks co., on the 24th inst., at he said, his executors might make trouble.
2.30 o'clock, P. M. THE Sea Side Laboratory, at Annisquam, Mass., which has been in operation for four summers,
will be open again the coming season. Its purpose is to
Henry T. Child expects to attend Penn Hill Meetafford special opportunity for the study of the develop- ing, at Little Britain, Lancaster co., Pa., on First-day ment, anatomy, and habits of common types of marine morning, the 17th inst., and a Temperance Meeting
in the afternoon, at the same place. animals.
For the benefit of the Steglitz Working Women's Friends desiring accommodations during the apHome, under the protection of the Crown Princess of proaching New York Yearly Meeting, are requested Germany, Mrs. Clara Neymann, of New York, deliv- to forward their names to Benj. Smith, Friends Semiered a lecture recently at the Hotel de Rome, Berlin, nary, East Sixteenth street, New York city.
MONTHLY MEETINGS IN PHILADELPHIA.
The Floral World.
SUPERIOR TEXT BOOKS
D. APPLETON & CO.,
1. Cats and Dogs and other friends.
HOW WE LIVE; or The Human Body and How to Take Care
of It. Giving special attention to the laws of Hygiene (including the effects of Alcohol and Narcotics in the Human System).
HARKNESS' LATIN SERIES.
A Superb, Illustrated $1.00 Monthly,
WILL BE SENT ON TRIAL
Mrs. R. A. Houk, Bingen, Ind.. saye: "It is the
THE FLORAL WORLD, Highland Park, Ill.
Catalogues, Circulars and Educational Notes sent free to any address. Correspondence solicited.
Address for Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Southern New Jersey and District of Columbia.
JOHN A. M. PASSMORE,
100,000 Peach Trees, Strawberries, Blackberries, Grapes, Etc.
CATALOGUE WITH COLORED PLATES, FREE.
POWDERED AND PERFUMED.
(PATENTED.) The STRONGEST and PUREST Lye made Will make 12 lbs. of the BEST Perfumed Hard Soap in 20 minutes, WITHOUT BOILING. It is the best for Disinfecting sinks, closets, drains, etc. Photographers' and machinists' uses. Foundry men, bolt and nut makers, For engineers as a boiler cleaner and anti-incrustator. For brewers and bottlers, for washing barrels, bottles, etc. For painters to remove old paints. For washing trees, etc., etc.
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Staple Trimmings, Zephy 8, Crewels, and Yarns of the best quality. Wool and Cotton Waddings of vest makes. Embroidery and Knitting Silks, Fine Knit Goods on hand and nade to order. Ladies' and Children's Underclothing. Also, Friends' Caps and Plain Drosses made to order, Cutting Fitting, etc.