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hundred loaves a day to the poor. She had the largest bakery in New Orleans, drove her own breadcart, and was known everywhere as Margaret, the Orphan's Friend. With her accumulating wealth, no pomp, no luxury, no effort but to go about and do good. “Margaret's bakery’ was known by all, and only in brackets the invoice would say (Margaret Haughery). There she sits with her broad face, her iarge hands that gave and gave, the little shawl over her shoulders, and one arm holding close a little orphan child. She will speak in a voiceless language enduring words to this and future generations, and the city has honored itself, and set an example to the world, which on the 10th of February, 1882, the day after her death, said: “We will pass by all that long line of illustrious dead to which we have so long owed monumental brass and stone, and we will raise to view of citizen and stranger the effigy of the Orphan’s Friend.” . We followed a funeral into Lafayette Cemetery, which is right in the city. It is nearly full of little marble houses, with sloping roofs, and some with porches in front. At the end a marble slab, contains the names and dates. It is taken down like a door, and in some there is one tier of oven-like receptacles, in others two; these ovens are long and narrow, and if several years elapse coffins can be crowded aside and the later ones put in. They are plastered up before the mourners leave. Along the walls of the cemetery, which are 10 or 12 feet high, are long rows of these ovens, the upper ones selling at from $50 to $60, while the lower ones, which can hold ten, as they go in the ground about 18 inches, bring $90. In many the marble slab has not been placed, and the name and date are scratched on the plaster. The odor and numerous little flies made us soon leave those of late dates, and we no longer wondered the yellow fever makes its visits each decade. Three miles out of the city is a ridge which is now being used as cemeteries, and there we found green rass and wide open spaces, with the tombs looking like little churches—some with spires, others crosses, but all miniature houses with sloping roofs, porticoes, and such various styles of architecture, one felt it might truly be called a city of the dead. Very modest-looking ones cost a thousand dollars, many are much more expensive, but they will hold two or three generations of dead. We visited the French market on First-day morning where, not only vegetables, fish and all the eatables were offered for sale, but, within the long, low inclosure, china, glass, infants’ robes and ready-made garments for all classes, were piled up in wonderful confusion, while the Creoles, Mexicans, mulattoes, and apparently all other nations, were making a Babel of unknown tongues. A pleasant morning was spent visiting hospitals— the Hotel Dieu, where patients can get care and medical attendance at from three to five dollars a day, while they repose on rosewood bedsteads, eat off of painted china and tread on velvet carpets. From there to the Charity Hospital, a State institution, where there is no question of race, color, or previous condition. One has only to knock at the gate and

say “I am sick,” when tender hands and tender hearts will wash, and clothe, and feed, and heal, and will bind up wounds, and bring back to health, or watch the spirit go out of life. Seven hundred were then in it, though often over a thousand have been accommodated. We visited many wards, some only of little children, one where new babes lay upon the arms of their mothers, or, as one only two weeks old in the bed of a stranger, the mother's life having gone out. The exquisite cleanliness, the comfort, the rest, was sweet and refreshing to those who had dropped from the busy world into this haven of peace. Our guide was good Sister Catharine, whose face was so marked with Christian work and yet such humility, we could not forbear asking if we could tell her a little story, and then repeated the one of the Sister who, after she died and had been in heaven some time, found a great gathering of the cherubim and seraphim was being made to welcome an archbishop. She went to St. Peter and said : “I am disappointed. I worked all my life on earth to be welcomed in heaven. I thought there was no distinction here, but when I came there was no such gathering to meet me.” St. Peter answered : “Little Sister, your life was so like an angel's we were sure of you, but it is a great thing to get an archbishop in.” Sister Catharine could not hide the twinkle and gleam in her soft eyes, as she said with hushed. breath : “Oh, it's too good to be true.” The hidden Smile came again at parting, when we said: “You don’t expect to see us in heaven, we are Quakers, but we expect to meet you there, unless you get way ahead by your good work here. Years and years of such devotion to the lame, halt, blind, sick in heart and body, must win the promised crown.” MARTHA SCHOFIELD, Aiken, S. C.



There was a better representation than usual from the constituent branches of Concord Quarterly Meeting, held at Wilmington, Del., on Fourth month 28th, and the meeting for worship was one of great interest. The brief silence following the hour of gathering was broken by William Way, of Nottingham, Md. He forcibly presented the doctrine of Friends, that all are free to act in the light of the Divine Spirit revealed to each one, and dwelt upon the necessity of man realizing this Spirit of God, in order that he may lead a true life. He closed a second brief communication by saying most forcibly, “mere words are not the life, opinions are not religion, and declamation is not the gospel.” Ann Packer, of Green Plain, O., spoke feelingly and earnestly of the power of divine love, how it aided us in the mission of mutual help, and how it enabled her to perform the work to which she felt called; especially to the young, whom she tenderly counselled. Amos Jones, of Newtown, Pa., followed in a few brief, encouraging words, emphasizing his faith in the growing tendency in the world to that which is good

Samuel S. Ash, of Philadelphia, asserted that it was the glory of Christianity that it was both progressive and conservative. He would avoid a too rigid training of the young, rather try to strengthen and direct them in the way desired. He advocated hearty sympathy with one another in spiritual efforts even though all are not in full accord with each other. As free servants it is right there should be a difference as each is responsible. Christians not of our Society are looking with commendation to our principles and testimonies, and to the one we hold most dear, the freedom of the gospel ministry. He emphasized the glory of a free gospel, and if the Father needs He will prepare and qualify those among us to speak His truth; he will not let His gospel fail for want of those to testify to it. Even those of us who are not satisfied to sit in silence, but attend other meetings, attest to the faith of a free gospel. Faithfulness on our part to our own convictions is all that is needed to build us up and keep us strong. There is a need among us of an increase of earnest conviction ; a need if we remain a power upon earth for a revival of deep interest taught by the spirit; this Church is not to be suffered to fall to the ground. Of the silent meeting, there is beauty in its quietness, called away from strife and anxiety; a freedom to sit in quiet communion. The spirit will come to us day by day as a preserving and a redeem ing power, until we gain more and more confidence; divine sympathy will spread among us when we are gathered together the same as though a vocal expression was being made.

This is but a meagre report of a beautiful testimony in favor of a free gospel ministry,

After a short discourse from Allen Fritcraft and a few seasonable words from Sarah Hoopes the meeting for worship closed. In the business meeting the clerks for the men were William P. Bancroft and J. Hibberd Bartram. For the women, Priscilla T. Speakman and Matilda Garrigues. All the representatives were present except one. The answers to the Queries were felt to be encouraging, and did not bring out many responses. Expressions of welcome were given to the strangers present, and the meeting closed with a feeling of gratitude for the privilege of thus mingling.


A conference which had been invited by the Friends (29 in number) composing the Executive Committee of the “Association for Increasing Interest,” was held at Race Street Meeting-house on Seventh-day last, at 10.30 o'clock, those present being the members of the committee, and about one hundred and forty of the Friends who are elders and overseers within the bounds of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. The object of the conference, as set forth in the invitation, was the desire of the Association to obtain the “counsel and assistance ’’ of those who occupy the stations of oversight and care in the Society. Upon opening the sitting, Amos Hillborn, for the Committee, stated at length the concern of the Association in respect to the restoration of our religious body's ancient strength and its anxiety that its purposes, which were not “revolutionary,” should not be misunderstood. It

was hoped that if any present felt uneasiness as to its objects or its methods, they would now frankly speak of it. Following this, a large number of persons spoke briefly, including Emily H. Atkinson, Lydia #. Hall, Charles Kirk, Susan Carrall, John Saunders, Thomas Mather, William Wade Griscom, Joha W. Stokes, Oliver Evans, George Justice, Dillwyn Parrish, James V. Watson, Oliver H. Holcomb, Clement M. Biddle, Louisa J. Roberts, Jeremiah Hayhurst, James W. Janney, Israel S. Zorns, Lavinia P. Yeatman, Matilda E. Janney, Howard M. Jenkins, Henry Fussell, John Hillman, Samuel Haines, Isaac Lloyd, Rebecca J. Janney, Joseph Powell, Asa Engle, and others. The general expression of those who spoke was that of a deep interest in the concern of the Association, and of a hope that it would be carried on, within proper bounds. The meeting adjourned after a continuance of about two hours and a half, under a deep sense of the earnest feeling that had been manifested. It should be mentioned that it was the intention, in sending out circulars of invitation, to personally reach all who were elders and overseers within the bounds of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, but by some mischance the list of names procured proved to be imperfect. It is hoped, however, that there were but few omitted names.

—It has been decided by the Executive Committee of the “Association for Increasing Interest” to invite a general meeting of Friends, at Race street, on the evening of Fifth-day of next week, the 14th inst. It is designed to present the concern which the Friends interested in the association have for the renewal of interest in our religious body, and to invite the co-operation of members generally.

—A private note from our valued friend, Sunderland P. Gardner, informs us that he has obtained a minute to attend our approaching Yearly Meeting.

—Gwynedd Monthly Meeting, held at Norristown on the 30th ult., was well attended and deeply interesting. The presence of many dear Friends from a distance added to that interest, while the ministry of our friend, Elizabeth Plummer, was truly impressive. The application through the overseers of Norristown Preparative Meeting of a friend for membership, who had formerly been a birthright member with Friends, had joined another denomination, and being in delicate health desired to end her days as a member of the Religious Society in which she had been reared, cast an unusual solemnity over the women's business

meeting. L. W. H.

—A notice elsewhere mentions the death of Horace W. Roberts, formerly of Gwynedd, Pa., and lately of Warren, Pa., who died at Phoenix, Arizona, where he had gone for his health, some months ago, after being at Paradena, California, for some time previously. He was born Twelfth month 5th, 1850, and was the son of Job and Hannah (Pickering) Roberts. His mother, who had been a widow for many years, died, a few weeks ago, at her home, in Newtown, Bucks county, Pa.

—We hope the little Monthly Meeting of Benjaminville is honestly laboring to sustain the tottering walls of our Zion. Afternoon and evening meetings are and will likely be held through the spring and summer season, at least every two weeks (so as not to clash with the labors of other denominations), through the surrounding neighborhood, amongst Friends and Friendly people. And while others are industriously laboring by a word of exhortation to stir up the pure mind by way of remembrance, may I with the pen make an effort in the same direction ; for, oh! it is so painful to see expressions dropping from the pen of the young that there should be some alluring bait spread before them to entice them up to our humble places of worship, to offer up their silent prayer and solemn adoration. RUS RURIs.

Padua, Ill., Fourth mo. 30th, 1885.

—At the Quarterly Meeting held at Albany, N. Y., in Second month last, Duanesburgh Quarterly Meeting adjourned to meet at Albany in Fifth month, instead of Coeyman's, as formerly.

The meeting for ministers and elders will be held on Fourth-day, at 3 P.M.; Quarterly Meeting on Fifth-day, at 11 A.M.; meeting for worship on Sixthday, at 11 A.M. S. C.



EDITORS INTELLIGENCER AND Journ AL: I suppose I am the only person in Kentucky who gets a “Quaker paper.” I should like to know if I am correct. [No ; other copies of this paper go into Kentucky.—EDs.] I do know that during my resi

dence here, for twelve years past, there has been no

Friends' meeting held in this large city, nor have there been any visits of traveling ministers for that purpose. An Orthodox Friend and his wife I did hear upon one occasion, they being engaged in the Temperance work, and speaking only upon it. And one time I heard a lecture from a traveling young man (O.), a begging one and rather poor. I am sure a good house and large meeting could be had here for any rightly exercised Friend—such as Samuel Levick [our correspondent wrote before learning of S. J. L.'s lamented decease] or Clement Biddle, or H. T. Child, or others who I am not familiar with. Lowisville, Ky., Fourth mo., 1885. E. A.


EDITORS INTELLIGENCER AND Journ AL: We have now a great many Orthodox Friends in Iowa. I attended their Yearly Meeting at Oskaloosa, a few years since, and found a large body of plainly dressed Friends, who used the plain language, according to our custom, but, at the close of which, one held up his hands and pronounced a benediction, which to me was not Quakerlike. They now appoint and hold meetings very similar to the Methodists—what they call “revivals,” and they frequently call on the Methodists to assist them -singing, shouting and praying. As they are so numerous with us, I am acquainted with a great many, and they appear to be honest and sincere; some say that if Fox, Penn or Barclay were yet living they would be just as progressive, but I venture to doubt it. They have a good deal of difficulty among themselves, and are divided and hold sepa. rate meetings. A good many of them are in unity

with us, saying that their friends are too progressive. I will here add that I am glad to see the Firstday schools are accomplishing such a good work, as it is true that the young members must be interested, and such schools are profitable, as the young are brought together and their talents exercised, which is not the case at our meetings for worship or discipline; the young are not often called on to serve, and hence they go elsewhere, and we lose them. The principles of our Society will live, as we see them manifested even in others, but with proper care it, too, will continue as a pure community, sincere and consistent. >k >k —mo-Q-om--—


Another year has again rolled by since the friends and contributors of the Institution last met, to hear the Annual Report of the Board of Managers. Those who were at that time chosen to have an oversight of Friends' Boarding House, have conscientiously endeavored to carry on the good work entrusted to them, to the best interest of all, according to the means at their command, but the limited condition of the finances has greatly restricted the laudable efforts, which, when compared with that of the Young Women's Christian Association and other kindred institutions, seems small indeed. The Managers have deemed it wise “to live within the bounds of their circumstances.” We are called upon to announce the first death since the opening of the House. Hannah Tyson, an aged Friend and one of the first boarders, departed this life since our last report. She became a member of the household Ninth month 15th, 1878, and died Tenth month 27th, 1884, aged 88 years. Through the liberality of our friend and fellowManager Deborah F. Wharton, we have been enabled to reduce the mortgage debt from $7,000 to $6,000, but there still remains to be paid the loan of $400 as reported last year. The income from board has been about sufficient to meet the current expenses, but tax, water-rent and interest have to be met mainly from contributions. The carpets are beginning to show signs of wear, and will soon have to be renewed, and we trust our friends will be liberal in their aid, not only to replace worn-out furniture but help reduce the debt, thereby enabling the Institution to more fully carry out the design for which it was started. The Treasurer's report shows balance on hand at beginning of year $157.18, contributed $1,269, from board $2,358.56. Paid house expenses $2,222.17, property expenses and interest $621.40, on account of mortgage $1,000 due him Fourth month 1st, 1885 $58.83. Officers elected : President, Abraham YW. Haines; Clerk, Edmund Webster; Treasurer, Henry M. Laing ; Auditors, Joseph Bacon, Jesse Cleaver; other Managers, Letitia G. Haines, Wm. Hawkins, George Taber, Deborah F. Wharton, Sarah C. Webster, Mahlon K. Paist, Rebecca N. Webster, Wm. J. Gillingham, Harriet W. Paist, Mary A. Tupman, Joseph M. Truman, Jr., Mary F. Saunders.


Domestic.—Correspondence has passed between Secretary Bayard and the Columbian Minister at Washington with reference to the decree of the Columbian Government closing some of its ports to foreign Commerce and declaring the vessels of insurgents to be beyond the pale of international law.

Dayard takes the ground that this government Cannot admit that a port is closed to commerce, unless the edict so ordering is sustained by force sufficient practically to enforce the closure. Neither will he consent to treat as pirates those vessels which are manned by insurgents against the Government of Columbia. o

SECRETARY BAYARD and Baron Fava, Minister of Italy at Washington, have exchanged the ratifications of their respective governments of the Extradio Treaty with Italy, concluded Sixth month 11th, 84.

A DESTRUCTIVE tornado, near Mexia, Texas, is reported (Fourth mo. 23d). There was much loss of life and property.

ENORMOUS rainfalls in Ransas have caused great floods, ensuing in great destruction and loss of life, and the storm has extended into Western Missouri.

LABOR troubles yet continue in many localities, many strikes being yet in progress and others threatened. Great losses on the part of both laborers and capitalists are certain, and it appears that neither side can trust fully to the other.

SAYs the Tribune of Fourth month 28th :

“The annual destruction by forest fires has begun early this year. In New Jersey several hundred acres of valuable timber were burned last week, and the fires are not yet out. New York has already suffered from such fires along the Hudson River district. The yearly loss from fires in the Adirondacks is enormous. It is not alone in the destruction. Of timber that forest fires are to be deplored, but in the effect on the water supply. The scheme of legislation to regulate and control the forests in New York, as proposed by the commission whose bills are now before the Assembly, would go far to check this great evil.”

THE Critic says James Russell Lowell has been offered the chair of English literature at Oxford University, but has declined to consider the proposition on the ground that duty to his grandchildren demands his return to America. The Offer came in the form of a note from Lowell’s ‘friend, Prof. Max Muller, who was sure of the poet's election before he communicated with him on the subject.

Gover NOR HILL (of New York) has signed the Niagara Reservation bill. This bill appropriates $1,433,429 to pay the awards for the lands to be taken by the State at Niagara.

[This movement was originated by Governor Robinson, in 1879, who stated to the Legislature Lord Dufferin’s proposition that Canada and New York should take steps in the premises made necessary by the action of those who owned lands surrounding the falls, visitors being in many cases kept away by the extortions to which they were subjected, and the scenery itself marred and its natural beauties destroyed. The Commissioners of the State Survey were instructed to investigate the matter, and in their report recommended that the State purchase such land as was necessary for the preservation of the scenery. Commissioners were appointed to locate the lands, and they picked out 118 acres, embracing all points from which the falls are visible. Appraisers were then appointed and the Owners' claims were reduced to the amount given in the above despatch. These awards were confirmed by the Supreme Court, and it is not thought that any of the property owners will appeal.]

THE arrangements for the establishment of an Irish

colony in Utah are now complete. A tract of 100,000 acres has been secured, and all that is Wanted now is that the water rights should be guaranteed. John Dillon, late M. P. for Tipperary, who accompanied C. S. Parnell through the country, has thrown himself into the scheme with great vigor. At first it was intended that the settlement should be exclusively devoted to Irish immigrants. That scheme has been abandoned now. All poor people, of all nationalities, Will not only be welcomed, but will be assisted until they ob: tain a footing, and will be allowed to pay for the land they occupy as soon as they can.-Salt Lake Tribune.

Foreign.—There are reasons for believing that Russia is anxious for war. The action of France in the matter of the Bosphore Egyptien is supposed to indicate a secret concert with Russia.

THERE is a report that Germany has declined to mediate between England and Russia. John Bright has replied to the Peace Arbitration Society that if any opening for mediation presents itself, the governmont will doubtless embrace it.

PROF. ARMENIUS VAMBERY, in a recent interview, stated that he thought war was not imminent, and that a final settlement of the Central Asian question could not be delayed much longer. Prof. Vambery believes that the Afghans would prefer an alliance with England to one with Russia, and maintains that Russia aims at the possession of India.

THE prolonged Franco-Chinese war, now that peace has been declared, will probably result in an absolute revolution in the military system of the Empire of China. The sacrifice of thousands of valuable lives, to say nothing of the draft on the treasury, has already suggested the advisability of founding military and naval schools, Or doing as Japan has done in sending young men to military and naval schools in Europe and this country to be educated in the European method of warfare. For the first time in the history of China she has been forced to borrow money from foreign sources for which she has and must pay dearly in interest and commissions.

A LONDON despatch of the 25th ult. gives advices from China stating that the Chinese Viceroy of the Provinces of Yunan and Kwechong had just issued a decree ordering the destruction of all Catholic convents and the killing of all Catholic converts and foreigners. As a result of this decree, several of the condemned convents had been razed and several hundred Catholic converts and foreigners had already been assassinated.

THE immense stone bridge constructed by Chinese engineers over the arm of the Chinese Sea at Lagang is finished. . The bridge is five miles long, entirely of stone, and has 300 arches, each 70 feet high. The roadway is 70 feet wide.

THE Canadian Parliament has defeated a proposition to extend the franchise to unmarried women. The action was taken after a continuous session of thirty-one hours, which was marked by a good deal of disorder and boisterousness.

ON the 29th ult, the ultimatum of the Czar was announced—demanding that Great Britain shall accept Russia's proposed boundary line between Turkestan and Afghanistan. Great Britain refusing, Russia. will proceed to Occupy Herat. Orders have been given for the mobilization of all Russia's forces. England, or the best sense of England, is for peace—and she is understood to have offered to submit the subject in dispute to arbitration.

—-o-o-o---— — . . .

*** Special Offer: To new subscribers, we will send the Intelligencer and Journal the remainder of 1885, (Fifth month 2 to Twelfth month 26, inclusive), for $1.50. The back numbers, in cases where orders are sent later than Fifth month 2d, can probably be supplied.


Friends desiring to attend the approaching Yearly Meeting are informed that arrangements have been made with the railroad companies so that Friends near the following named railroads can come to Philadelphia and return at the rate of two cents per mile traveled.

By applying at Store of Friends' Book Association, 1020 Arch street, Philadelphia, gratuitous orders on the Ticket Agents for tickets on the Pennsylvania Railroad Division, United Railroads of New Jersey Division, West Jersey Railroad, Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, Philadelphia and IBaltimore Central Railroad, and the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad ; also on the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company and its branches, Lehigh and Susquehanna Division, Philadelphia and Newtown Railroad, may be obtained.

Sales of tickets from Fifth month 7th to 15th, both inclusive, with limit of expiration Fifth month 20th.

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