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and Strabo. But Stanley believes that if even the says, Terah his Father was a maker, were not of any Hebrew Sacred Scriptures were lost irrevocably, avail, but that there was one only spritual Father to that, from the account of the Jews by Tacitus and whom all the tribes of mankind owed allegiance and Strabo, we should know they were the most remark- love, and this supreme Creator and Father would able nation of ancient Asia. The traditions of direct the footsteps of the faithful, not only guiding Josephus are very full, and the works of Josephus them aright, but restraining them from evil. are the most valuable writings that there are, which Many in our own time have pointed to the attempted confirm the general drift of the statements in Holy sacrifice of Isaac by his venerable and venerated Writ.
father Abraham as a proof that the patriarch was The record of one of the earliest migrations of a only a grossly superstitious barbarian at that time. family or tribe of the high lands of Asia toward a But it is more congenial to our ideas to rest in the region further southward and westward is found in thought that Abraham in his zeal and love misthe ninth chapter of the Book of Genesis. Terah understood the divine requirings, and was willing to and his sons Abram, Haran and Nahor dwelt some- make the greatest possible surrender if indeed the where in the Asiatic highlands with their flocks and Most High required it. We know the act was herds and slaves, perhaps upon the upper Euphrates, turned aside, and the beloved son of promise was in a place called Ur of the Chaldees. They were not permitted to be harmed, neither was the pure descendants of Shem, and may be reasonably sup- heart of Abraham permitted to suffer an anguish posed to have inherited some degree of noble re- beyond any other conceivable pain. Human sacri. ligious sentiment from the great forefathers of a yet fice, even the sacrifice of children was common in earlier day. Among "the legends the Rabbins have the earlier stages of civilization, and this may have told” is one which indicates that Abram was of been the turning point for the Hebrew forefathers. those Chaldean shepherd astronomers, who, by their One thousand years later, one of the greatest of patient watchfulness of the movements among the his descendants, another Friend of God whose lips heavenly orbs, gathered knowledge of the universe. had been touched with a live coal from off the altar, All true knowledge, whether of the visible and thus spake to troubled and tempest-tossed Israel : material world, or of the spiritual and moral veri- " To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices ties, tends to man's advancement to a loftier plane of unto me? saith the Lord: I am full of the burnt spirituality.
offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I We have, in Genesis, the simple statement that delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, nor the divine word came to Terah, and at its call he led of he goats.
Wash you, make you clean, his tribe from the mysterious Ur of the Chaldees, put away the evil of your doings from before mine toward a region further south along the line of the eyes ; cease to do evil, learn to do well.” The truth noble rivers as they plunged down from the eternal had set the inspired Isaiah free from superstitious hills toward unknown regions of fertility, and came rites. unto Haran. Here we may understand that there Abraham had been enabled to hear the Eternal was a pause of greater or less duration for this patri- voice of God, his Guide and Comforter, and had been archal and pastoral party. Again comes this word led to entire consecration to the Divine Will, but of divine direction to Abram, inviting him onward was not permitted in his zeal to continue the dread. toward Canaan, and he and his wife and nephew, fui rite of human sacrifice, common to his age and Lot, were ready to advance to the country where all race. These sons of Shem and of Arphaxad were coveted blessings were promised them abundantly. doubtless among the noblest of the tribes of manI will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that kind in this early day, but this attempted act of curseth thee: and in thee shall all the families of the faith of the devout Abraham was rejected upon the earth be blessed.” We may turn to the Talmud and mountain altar of Gerezim, and he was enlightened the Koran and there find other particulars which to juster conceptions of the Divine Being. round out the very simple account in Genesis. Greek Says Stanley: “The sacrifice, the resignation of or Asiatic writers represent Abraham as a great the will was accepted; the literal sacrifice of the man of the East,” or as a conquering prince, winning act was repelled. On the one hand, the great his way by the sword, as he sought a new land in principle was proclaimed that mercy is better than which to establish his tribe. The names of this sacrifice--that the sacrifice of self is the highest and patriarch, Abram, and later, Abraham, are most holiest offering that God can receive. On the other significant. Abram was The lofty Father, from hand, the inhuman superstitions, toward which the Abba, Father. Abraham was a name borne after ancient ceremonial of sacrifice was perpetually tendhe had had the divine assurance that he was to ing, were condemned and cast out of the true worship be the founder or father of a numerous race,
race, of the Church forever." and means “the father of multitudes."
It was a
This chosen and anointed servant of the Highest, prophetic name, indicating that vast multitudes, has been designed as the “Friend or the Beloved of countless as the stars, should look up to him as their God." In him," says Stanley, "was exemplified the ancestor and their model of faithfulness to God. He fundamental truth of all religion, that God has not was called “ The Friend of God," and by the Mahom- deserted the world; that His work is carried on by medans simply "The Friend."
His chosen instruments; that good men are not only His faithfulness seems to have consisted in hearken- His creatures and His servants but His friends." ing to the “Inward Witness" in "Minding the Max Muller tells us further that the title applied Light." From this we learn that he perceived that to Abraham, indicated the correlative truth, not only the images or teraphim of which Arab tradition was Abraham beloved of God, but God was beloved by him. To expand this truth was the religion, the him any qualities however lofty; there must have communion with the Supreme, which raised Abra- been besides, as Scripture affirms, a direct revelation ham above his fellow men.
and heavenly guidance." His lofty mind and pure heart rose beyond worship Thus do the researches of explorers, the inferences of the heavenly bodies ;-he could render no slavish of the most profound scholars, the labors of the most idolatry to kings and princes, but the voice of the able searchers after historic clues, all point to Spiritual Divinity, which was heard by the attentive revelations which confirm the affirmations of our own heart, was recognized, and the faithful one experienced apostolic fathers who, in the 17th century effected a the Spiritual Baptism which made him willing to return to original principles, identical with those leave his country, kindred, and father's house, to go unfolded to most exalted souls of the sons of men in to a far land where true monotheism had found, or the dawn of civilization. Truly we bave Abraham was to find its abiding place.
to our father, if we do the deeds of Abraham. S. R. Says Baron Bunsen : “ Abraham is the Zoroaster of the Semitic race; but he is more than the Zoroaster,
FAITH ILLUSTRATED in proportion as his sense of the Divine was more spiritual, and more free from the philosophy of Several years since, being at a small sea-port in nature, and the adoration of the visible world.' Massachusetts, one of those easterly storms came up
To Philo, a learned Alexandrian Jew who lived at which so often prove fatal to vessels and their crews the time of the Christian era, and wrote many works on that coast. The wind had blown strongly from on the Jewish Religion, has been ascribed the legend the northeast for a day or two, and as it increased whicb is thus told in the words of the Koran.
to a gale, fears were entertained for the safety of a “When night overshadowed him (Abraham) he fine ship which had been, from the beginning of the saw a star, and said, 'This is my Lord. But when northeaster, lying off and on the bay, apparently it set, he said, 'I like not those that set.' And when without any decision on the part of her officers which he saw the moon rising he said, “This is my Lord.' way to direct her course, and who had once or twice But when the moon set, he answered, ' Verily if my refused the offer of a pilot. Lord direct me not in the right way, I shall be as On the following morning, an old weather-beaten one of those who err.' And when he saw the sun tar was seen standing on the highest point of land in rising, he said, “This is my Lord. This is greater the place, looking anxiously at her through his glass, than the star or moon.' But when the sun went while others listened with trembling to his remarks down, he said, “O my people, I am clear of these upon the apparently doomed vessel. She was comthings; I turn my face to Him who hath made the pletely land-locked, as sailors say (that is, surrounded heaven and the earth.'» It is of interest to the by land), except in the direction from which the inquirer to know that Ur of the Chaldees is believed wind blew; and as between her and the shore extento have been the seat of the sun-worship in antique sive sandbanks intervened, her destruction was intimes, as it certainly was in the fourth century, A.D. evitable unless she could make the harbor. The v.odern Edessa is probably on the same site. At length a number of resolute young men, per
The passage in Genesis xv, 6:“Abraham believed fectly acquainted with the intricate navigation of the God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness," bay and harbor, put off in a small schooner, deterhas this sense, according to Stanley. "He was sup- mined, if possible, to bring her into port. A tremenported, he was built up, he reposed as a child in its dous sea was rolling in the bay, and as the little motber's arms, in the strength of God's and it was vessel made her way out of the harbor the scene becounted to him for righteousness.” Faith was in came one of deep and exciting interest. Now lifted him “the evidence of things not seen.
up on the top of a dark wave, she seemed trembling Chaldea, in Abraham's day, was probably a on the verge of destruction; then plunging down into splendidly fertile highland, watered by canals, the trough of the sea was lost from our view, not even shadowed by Palms, Tamarisks and Acacias, and the top of her mast being visible, though probably the reign of Sargon I, was the time when the local twenty feet high; and a "landsman” would exclaim, divinities were collected in a vast mythology, the “She has gone to the bottom." Thus alternately acknowledgment of which was enforced by the rising and sinking, she at length reached the ship, supreme ruler (Rawlinson's " Ancient Monarchies”). hailed and tendered a pilot, which was again refused. There are legends which set forth the persecutions of Irritated by the refusal the “skipper” put his little this pure hearted seeker after spiritual verities, but vessel about and stood in for the harbor, when a gun his soul remained as a white lily in muddy waters," was discharged from the laboring vessel and the amidst the seductive influences which seem to have signal for a pilot run up to her mast-head. won over Terah. Great tower temples existed all The little schooner was laid to the wind, and as the over the land, on which even human sacrifices were ship came up she was directed to follow in her wake, offered. His father's house apostate ; his course, if he until within range of the light-house, where a smoother would preserve himself and his household, was to sea would allow them to run alongside and put a depart from the presence of the Chaldean allurements pilot on board. In a few minutes the vessels came and take refuge in regions further west, where he side by side, passing each other, and the pilot springmight plant a pure and simple worship of obedience ing into the ship’s chains was soon on her deck. to the Divine requirings. There are abundant The mysterious movements of the vessel were now evidences of grandeur of soul and deep perceptions explained. She had taken a pilot some days before of Spiritual Truth. “Yet," says Geikie," it cannot who was ignorant of his duty, and the crew, aware of fully explain so unique a phenomena to ascribe to his incompetency, were almost in a state of mutiny. When first hailed from the schooner, the captain The ship's crew had faith in their pilot. Their was below, but hearing the first pilot return the hail faith amounted to confidence. They gave up the went on deck, and deposing him from his trust, at ship to his direction. It was obedient confidence. once reversed his answer by firing the signal gun. They did not say, “ He will save us,” and sit down
The new pilot having made the necessary inquiries indolently and neglect his orders. The helm was about the working of the ship, requested the captain turned, the sails were trimmed, and every rope and his trustiest man to take the wheel, gave orders | loosened or tightened as he directed. Nor did they for the stations of his men, and charged the captain disobey, though sometimes apparently rushing into for the peril of his ship not to change her course a the jaws of destruction.-Baptist Register. hand breadth but by his order. His port and bearing were those of a man confident in his knowledge and
A MEMORY AND AN OUTLOOK. ability to save the vessel; and as the sailors winked to each other and said, “That is none of your
land sharks,” it was evident that confidence and hope were the leading article in the British Friend of First
We can all appreciate the following, taken from reviving within them.
All the canvas she could bear was now spread to month, 1885. the gale, and while the silence of death reigned on “I find amongst some old memoranda of my early board, she took her way on the larboard directly to- life, the following sketch of the Meeting which I wards the foaming breakers. On, on she flew, until attended when a boy: it seemed from her proximity to those breakers, "The little Meeting-house, standing back from the that her destruction was inevitable. “Shall I put street, and approached through a neatly-kept graveher about?” shouted the captain, in tones indicative yard, is a sacred spot in my memory. The congreof intense excitement. “Steady," was the calm reply gation consisted of a dozen or twenty persons. At of the pilot, when the sea was boiling like a cauldron the head sat a fine, patriarchal old man, with long just under her bows. In another moment the same white hair, and a most placid face, upon which calm, bold voice pronounced the order, “About beamed constantly a tranquil half-smile-as of the ship, and she turned her head from the breakers, very angel of peace and good will to man. He and stood boldly off upon the other tack.
dressed in a snuff colored suit, with knee-breeches, "He knows what he is about,” said the captain and great silver buckles on his shoes. His hat was to the man by his side. “He is an old salt, a sailor round-topped and capacious brimmed. No spot nor every yarn of him
was the language of the seaman stain of earth was ever seep upon his person, or dress, one to another; and the trembling passengers began or conduct amongst men. And such as he was, such to hope. The ship now neared two sunken rocks, was his spouse. She wore long silk mittens, and a the place of which was marked by the angry break- crape shawl crossed faultlessly over her breast. ing and boiling of the sea; and she seemed driving Another person whom I remember (I sat opposite to directly on them. "Full and steady was pro- him) was a spare, somewhat more worldly-looking nounced in tones of calm authority by the pilot, who man, whom I regarded as a terrible sivner, because stood with folded arms in the ship's bows, the waier I often used to see the tears stealing from his eyes as drenching him completely as it broke over her bul he sat silently pondering the secrets of his heart and warks. She passed safely between them; the order melting into tenderness under the loving teaching of turning on the other tack was given, and again of the Spirit of Christ. I thought he was crying she stood toward the fearful breakers. Nearer and because he was so baughty. I wondered what he had nearer she came, and still no order from the pilot, been doing, and I pitied him from the bottom of my who stood like a statue, calm and unmoved, amid the child-heart. We had not much vocal ministry, but raging elements.
I distinctly remember to have heard the French The vessel labored hard, as the broken foaming accents of the voice of that other apostle, born out waves roared around her, and seemed just on the verge of due time'--Stephen Grellet. of striking, when“ About ship,” in a voice like “ There were ministers in those days who were thunder, arose about the fury of the tempest. Again gifted with a real spirit of discernment, and could she stood upon the starboard tack, and soon entered divide the word’ to a hair’s-breadth. One such (the the harbor and cast anchor in safety. One hour late John Finch Marsh) came to my father's house later she could not have been rescued, for by the on a "family visit." He was then a saintly looking time she had reached the anchorage no vessel could elderly man, evidently weighted with a load of real have carried a rag of sail in the open bay. Ship humility and a deep sense of the sacredness and and crew and passengers, more than one hundred in responsibility of his calling. After he had addressed all, must have perished. When the order was given my father and mother, a pause ensued. Believing to "back their fore topsails, and let go the anchor," that he had been really sent by his Divine Master, a scene ensued which might baffle the description of and being at that time specially depressed by a feelthe painter or poet. The captain sprung from the ing almost of hopelessness as to realizing the state to wheel and caught the pilot in his arms, the sailors and which I so earnestly aspired, I put up a silent prayer passengers crowded around. Some hung around his that he might be commissioned to help me. Immeneck, others embraced his knees, and tears streamed diately he turned towards me and told me that down the face of old seamen who had weathered many although I was a perfect stranger to him, a feeling of a storm, braved untold dangers. All were pressing strong and loving encouragement arose in his mind forward if only to grasp the band of their deliverer for me. He bade me be patient and trustful and in token of gratitude. And now for the application. faithful; and then he assured me that I should be
brought out into a large place, and find freedom and we seem to think that in order to occupy with it,' strength beyond what I could at that time imagine. it is enough to wear it, as it were, and exhibit it
upon When the opportunity was over he was very affec our shoulders, not coveting earnestly the power and tionate to me, and we were both deeply touched with the opportunity to be made the means of investing a sense of the loving-kindness of the Lord, and of many others with it. His special condescension and guidance on that "İf our forefathers of the last and preceding genoccasion.
eration had continued to be as much in earnest in “ I could multiply instances of this genus of real teaching and spreading the Truth as the men of the saints of forty or fifty years ago—men whom conven- first period of the Society were-using every opportional peculiarity and usage seemed almost to have tunity that observation could supply or intelligence, cut off from ordinary human fellowship, and who had devise to put into public practice, and to actual test, got polished up in secret, after the similtude of those the power and adaptability of their principles-it Oriental palaces whose walls smell of cedar and would perhaps never have been discovered that those whose winows are agates. They seemed to be walk- principles were not suited to all the needs of ing reverently and softly about in their own inner 'mission' and school work. paradises--meeting there, as in the cool of the day “A genuine Friend should not withhold his Him whose voice they delighted to hear. Surely sympathy and co-operation from any sober effort to human soul-stuff of this crystalline type is the most answer the cry of the uninstructed and spiritually beautiful thing the world contains !
needy, provided that he can join in it in a simple " Well now, I have no doubt that the principles and consistent way. And if our ministers and which nurtured such individual character, and such concerned Friends' object, service as this, were grandly true and sound principles and need to do, to religious meetings "conducted -much better than some which have taken hold of by one or two persons-meetings in which there is society since. I decline to believe that these prin- an obvious distrust of silent waiting upon God, and ciples have had their day.' Being a disciple of in which congregational singing and other sensational the theory of the survival of the fittest in the moral means are resorted to, let them covet earnestly the and spiritual world, I do not think it at all likely commission and the opportunities to hold public that ideas and plans – which for their 'weakness and meetings for like purposes, but in all the grand simunprofitableness' were set aside and supplanted by plicity and freedom of faith in the unseen presence of far sounder and better things two centuries and the living Christ.” a half ago—will now succeed in permanently reasserting and re-establishing themselves. They are
EDUCATIONAL. having a partial day of trial, and their appearance may be tending usefully to stir up the virtuous ON THE VALUE OF SWARTHMORE'S TRAINING. emulation of the conservative element which still so
(ALUMNI ARTICLE.) largely exists amongst us.
For conservatism itself-political and religious, if The older we grow, the more we are convinced that it is to continue to exist at all-must move, and must Swarthmore College is one of the places to acquire move forward and onward. Now movement, from a good, practical education. Having been away one set of circumstances and surroundings to another from her fostering walls for several years, we can absolutely involves a certain degree of change and look back with pleasure, not unmingled with pain novelty of form and outward appearance. I am not for the wasted hours, to our student days. Nothing only not afraid of 'change, but I am satisfied that makes a better foundation for a useful and prosperit is a necessary condition of healthy life, I have ous life than a goɔd education and a happy child. lately received from a correspondent, who is a hood and youth to look back upon ; Swarthmore thorough conservative at heart, the following :- gives both. It is not a
gives both. It is not a University or a College of 'It has always seemed to me that the adhesion of the highest grade; but its curriculum is liberal and the 'old party' amongst Friends to old things, comprehensive, both in arts and science. simply because they are old, hinders them from the There are two sides to education, the practical and sympathy which they deserve on some points. Our the beautiful. The value of the practical part of witness should be to a living Spirit, guiding and the education given by our Alma Mater is well teaching us now-not to the absolute truth of every- attested by the fruits of every department. We thing that Friends apprehended that they were should be proud of our Alumni; for including the taught 200 years ago :' that is, as though it were class of '83, they are at work in the following way: binding upon us because they believed it-much 25 per cent. teachers, 7 per cent. physicians, 26 per less as though we must needs express and apply it cent. in business life, 10 per cent. lawyers, 9 per cent. precisely as they did.
engineers. The remaining 23 per cent. are women, “Nobody, perhaps will dispute that there was 13 per cent. of whom are married and have thus something the matter in those 'good old days.' taken up their life work, and 10 per cent. are at home What was it? The charge which I find it most gracing society in various ways. Of the teachers all difficult to refute is conveyed in the word 'Quietism.' are considered first-class and are doing good work, I fear that the Friends of that period were (and that commanding responsible positions, and receiving as Friends of this class are still) resting too much much compensation as any similar set of teachers of satisfied with having firm and quiet possession of the the same age. Our physicians are working hard and Truth without using it faithfully and diligently. give promise of extending their fields of usefulness. Having the 'talent,' and glorying in its possession, Of the business men, lawyers and engineers, it is
too early to speak, but we can say truthfully, that and that his work will get the benefit of that enthuthey are the peers of any set of college graduates of siasm and that devotion which he would so willingly the same age and experience, while some of our expend op his pleasure. It is all a question of the number have gone far above the average line. The will and of the training of the will. When once figures in this statement are practically correct and there is the determination that one's legitimate work should encourage young men pursuing the college shall be performed with that whole energy of the course to persevere to the end. They may be, at mind which most people devote to play, work will graduation, behind their fellows who started the cease to be a task, and will become, if not a pleasure, actual race of life a little earlier; but in almost every at least pleasurable. And work like that need spoil case they will be able to obtain promotion faster and no one's capability to play, at the fitting time. Only, in a short time will far outstrip their acquaintances then, work will be work, and play will be play.who have not had the advantage of a collegiate edu- S. S. Times. cation. There are one or two things experience has taught us, and roughly, too; and these are, that the
CORRESPONDENCE. world outside of Swarth more does know something; that you must take hold at the beginning, for you WE feel to thank the many friends who contribare at the foot of the hill, not half way up, as you uted to the eleven barrels and nine trunks shipped fondly imagine; and that life is a monotonous repe- by A. Hillborn & Co. The toys were a great delight tition, day by day, and must be kept in the same to the children, and the supply of small picture straight rut. It is easy enough to do the same thing cards will do for many schools. The clothing and for a day or two, but to do it each day for a lifetime pieces were most acceptable, as we have classes all requires rare nerve and courage. In a business light, day under the instruction of a sewing teacher, where almost absolute correctness is demanded; if you vests, coats, and clothing that need mending, are would accomplish your aim you must be exact, or as taken, to teach them how to patch and mend, as takan old friend of our's says, “you must remember that ing care of what they have is as important a habit as 2 and 2 make 4 and make it every time, every way." making new things. The percentage of marriages among the young Our great desire is to make these people useful in women is large, although the list does not include the position of life they will be likely to fill; and, those engaged; so their matrimonial prospects will unless we lift up the home, and teach such babits to not suffer in comparison with those of other girls, by girls as will fit them for the heads of homes, we fail a Swarthmore education, while their chance of earn. in our duty to the race. ing a sufficient livelihood is almost a certainty.
They have been dependents for two centuries, and So much for the practical side of the question. the ability to do for one's self, the capacity to bring The beauty of a liberal education can be attested by out one's own powers, needs constant training under all who possess it. Life is made much more enjoy- competent teachers. able; and one is able to improve his spare moments. While the girls are busy with needle and thread, and appreciate the problems of existence in an the boys of the class are being taught the use of entirely different way from his fellow men who have tools. At first, only three out of seven (some aged not acquired habits of study and close observation. 16) knew how to hold and drive a nail; for there
The exterior surroundings of the college, its inte are hundreds of homes where neither hammer, gim. rior associations and its general liberality all tend to let nor screw-driver could be found. Every one passdevelop a useful and important sense of individual ing through the South must have noticed the shackresponsibility in the students, which enables them to ling, shiftless condition of fences and outbuildings, step out into the world with more of a home-like even where the owners were well able to have them training than can be obtained at most institutions of otherwise. It will take generations to overcome the learning; and this we think one of the strong points example and practice in which many grew up; but of co-education.--The Swarthmore Phoenix.
the hope is in the boys and girls whose habits and characters are trained and formed with their book
education. Why is it that most people find it so much easier A donation of hardware from our friend, Robert to be earnest in their amusements than to be earnest Biddle, enabled us to start the carpenter work; but in their work? There could hardly be a greater double the number of hammers, chisels and planes contrast than between the slow pace of the average could be used, as boys have to wait their turns, and school-boy going to school, and the joyous unanimity we do fiud nails go very fast the few pounds we buy, with which a whole troop of school-boys will burst as well as the ones carefully drawn from boxes and from the school-house when the day's work is over. barrels, and straightened for use. Other things being equal, a proposal to stop work is Broken chairs are mended, various things made always sure of a wider popularity than a proposal to for the use of the school, gates and fences fixed, tools begin work. The truth is, that, in this particular, sharpened on the grindstone, all under instruction as in many others, men and women are too much which traius hand, eye and judgment; and if-oh! like children who prefer candy to wholesome food. if we had a turning lathe, they would make things The question of pleasure is allowed to take the place for sale, and the many visitors take away specimens of principal motive, instead of the question of duty. of work. Yet no man will ever be likely to be successful as a We are so crowded for space, the same room has man, until he decides, once for all, that his work is to be used as a shoe shop. A pair of these shoes s deserving of enthusiasm and devotion as his play, went to New Orleans, and the correspondent of th