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slow. However, we got off nicely, and about 10 B. has been traveling in China, Asia, Egypt, etc., and o'clock reached classic Weimer. We first went to the she said it did her good to see such a winter scene. museum, after having engaged a sleigh and driver (it We then drove in the softly falling snow out a long had snowed the day before) and there we spent a de- avenue of Chestnut trees to the summer castle of lightful hour and a half. Most of our time was the ducal family. It was an hour and a half ride devoted to a room of frescoes out of Ulysses' wander. there and back, through the park belonging to the ings by Preller, a German artist of this century. I castle, but it repaid us, amply; these long avenues never saw such beautiful pictures, each figure stood of trees are beautiful. The only thing we went to see out like life, and the coloring was exquisite. There there was what is called the natural theatre, a space were other works of German artists and a few of of bushes and trees so trained as to form a stage with foreign ones, but these pictures were to us the finest. exits and entrances, and the ground raised and sodded This museum is not to be compared to those at Berlin so as to form the seats for spectators. There some and Dresden, but still it is well worth a visit if only of the plays of Goethe and Schiller were acted some to see the Preller room.

years ago in the open air. It was all covered with We went from there in our sleigh, eating our lunch snow as we saw it, but could imagine how pretty it on the way, as we had not time to eat it at any other would be in summer: We saw ou our way Goethe's place, through the quaint old streets, with their old summer house in the park, where he used to live in houses, to the church, the Marks-kirche. The pleasant weather and write. On our way back to the principal treasure of this church is an altar picture, by railroad we stopped at the castle to see a certain one of Germany's oldest painters, Cranach. This number of rooms which are shown to strangers. painting is a queer combination of scenes, out of the When the royal family are at home, as they are this Old and New Testament, and it would take closer time of year, one cannot get to see the rest of the inspection than we gave it to remember each. What castle. It was an odd feeling as we drew up before struck us as strange was Luther's picture next to that the gate to see the royal sleigh dash past and into of John the Baptist, at the left of the cross, as well as the court-yard to a farther door. We entered the that of the painter himself

. They had a funny way gate on foot and went in to see the rooms. These of putting portraits of people into the pictures, whether rooms are full of paintings by modern artists, the they belonged there or not. Weimer is the residence subjects taken from the four poets who lived in of the Duke of Weimer, and has been for a number Weimer. There are four rooms, one for each poet. of years, so that one hears of any amount of dukes We had not time to stay as long as we should have and royal personages who lived here and were buried liked, as it was getting dark and near train time. in the vaults of the church. But the chief interest The inlaid marble or polished wooden floors, and all to us was the fact that Goethe, Germany's greatest the handsome adornments showed we were in royal poet, and Schiller, Wieland and Herder, all such apartments, though the castle from the outside is not noted poets, lived here together.

very imposing The driver was very talkative, and pointed out all We hastened back to the station, dismissed our the homes where the celebrities lived; Schiller's is the jovial and good-natured coachman, and were soon on only one which we can visit. The house is small our way to Eisenach, which was to be our resting and unpretending and Schiller's rooms are up in the place for the night and the scene of our next day's top story, three small rooms, so plain and almost poor sight-seeing. in their furnishing. One could not but feel touched Twefth month, 31st, 1884. at the sight of the plainness and almost poverty in which he lived here the last few years of his life.

POETRY. Schiller is the people's poet, beloved by the Germans as Longfellow is at home.

CONSECRATION. In front of the theatre stands a beautiful statue of Goethe and Schiller, together. There is something inga solitary bird on the branch of a tree, in a storm of rain.

Suggested by a Christmas card sent to the author representso imposing about it, more so than any bronze statue I ever saw. We rode from the Schiller house to the Tho' the rain may fall, and the wind be blowing, chapel in the church-yard, where we saw the coffins

And cold and chill is the wintry blast, of both Goethe and Schiller resting side by side, as

Tho' the cloudy sky is still cloudier growing, dear friends in death, and not far from them the hand. My face I hold to the stormy heaven,

And the dead leaves tell that the summer is past; some sacophagus of their patron and the patron of My heart is as calm as the summer sea; literature, Carl August, Duke of Weimer. It was Glad to receive what my God has given, snowing, and all the graves and trees in the church

Whate'er it be. yard were covered with snow, giving a sense of When I feel the cold, I can say, "He sends it;' perfect quiet and repose, such as one could not feel

And His wind blows blessing, I surely know; on a bright, summer day. As we walked down the For I have never a want but He attends it,

And my heart beats warm, tho' the winds may avenue leading from the chapel, with the trees arch- blow. ing over us covered with a snow foliage, we felt, in- The soft, sweet summer was warm and glowing ; deed, that we were leaving sacred dead bebind us. Bright were the blossoms on every bough; Weimer is said to be very beautiful in summer, and I trusted Him when the roses were blowing,

I trust Him now. it must be, but as we had to see it in winter, we could not have been more favored, and I do not know Small were my faith should it weakly falter,

Now that the roses have ceased to blow; whether we would have given up this perfect winter Frail were the trust that now should alter, landscape for the most glorious summer day. Miss Doubting His love when the storm clouds grow.

F. H.

If I trust Him oncc, I must trust Him ever;

was expressed as to the lack of true interest apparent And His way is best, tho' I stand or fall;

in many localities, and as to the means by which we Through wind and storm He will leave me never,

may hope to gather up our forces and present a He sends it all.

stronger front to the world : Why should my heart be faint and fearing?

Ist. We recommend that the association already Mighty He rules above the storm;

formed be called “The Association for Increasing InEven the wintry blast is cheering,

terest in the Religious Society of Friends." Showing His power to keep me warm.

2d. Any one who is a member of the Society of Never a care on my heart is pressing;

Friends, or who attends and is interested in its meetNever a care can disturb my breast;

ings, may become a member of this association. At Everything that He sends, is blessing,

the next meeting of the association following this reFor He knows best.

port, any one qualified as above may become a memELIZABETH BENNETT. ber by handing or sending his or her name to the London, First mo. 28th, 1885.

clerk. Thereafter, new members may be added upon the recommendation of one already a member.

3d. The association shall meet upon its own adTHE NEW YEAR.

journments. Special meetings may be called by the

Executive Committee.
I asked the New Year for some motto sweet,
Some rule of life by which to guide my feet,

4th. All business shall originate in the general meetI asked, and paused-it answered soft and low,

ings of the association. Any member may submit, in "God's will to know."

writing, with or without explanation, propositions

calculated to promote the welfare of the Society of “Will knowledge then suffice, New Year?" I cried; Friends. These, after being read and explained, if But ere the question into silence died,

explanation be offered, shall be referred to the ExecuThe answer came: Nay, this remember too,

tive Committee, which shall consider them, and reGod's will to do."

port them to the general meeting for action in such

form as it may seem best. Once more I asked, “Is there still more to tell ?" And once again the answer sweetly fell ;

Any person interested is requested to submit, in “ Yes! this one thing all other things above,

writing, any proposition for the furtherance of the God's will to love."

objects of the association. --Selected. At the evening meeting, a paper from our friend,

Barclay White, was presented and read, on the subLOCAL INFORMATION. ject of Self-respect. It was an earnest plea for the

avoidance of the terms “Quaker” and “QuakerSwarthmore College. A most interesting and in- ism." Our proper cognomen is the “Society of structive lecture on comets and meteors was given to

Friends." the students and friends of Swarthmore College on

Several Friends expressed themselves on the subthe evening, of the 6th inst., by Professor Young, of ject, taking various views. Some believe that this Princeton College. The subject was presented in so

Society has made its nick-name honored. pleasant a manner, and illustrated with such admir- This paper will be found in another column. able stereopticon views, that those favored to be pre

George L. Maris read a brief proposition to the sent felt it a great privilege, as it is not always that effect that we feel that the Society of Friends ought astronomical facts are thus happily presented. Pro- to take more care to disseminate our fundamental fessor Young's close and patient observations in this principles, particularly the affirmation that the light branch of science gives him a well-deserved reputa- of the Divine Spirit in the soul is the principal tion.

guide of human life, ought to be more widely dis

seminated in the world by the circulation of printed E. H. KEISER, PH. D., lately appointed Associate documents. This was submitted to the Executive

Committee. Professor of Chemistry of Bryn Mawr College, is a

Annie C. Dorland read a paper advocating social graduate of Swarthmore, in the class of 1880.

meetings for literary and religious exercises which

shall bring together the younger and older members. A CORRESPONDENT in San Francisco, Cal., writes :

Clement M. Biddle advocated the limitation of We have a meeting of Friends held in a Court room birthright membership to the years of earlier life, in the new City Hall, which is diligently attended by leaving the Jyoung to choose for themselves " whom a few families of Friends residing here, and we some they will serve times have the company of those visiting this coast.

on arriving at maturity. There are but a few who attend regularly, but we are

Louisa J. Roberts spoke earnestly on the topic inthankful for the privilege, and feel that we have been troduced by George L. Maris, desiring to call away greatly blessed in our little gatherings; the strength from the various doctrines and dogmas that have engained there helps prepare us to encounter the trials gaged the attention of mankind to the simplicity of we meet in every-day life.

the truth as we apprehend it. On the afternoon of the 6th of Second month, a Committee was read:

The following proposition from the Executive large and interesting meeting was held at Race There are different conditions of growth and expeStreet Meeting-house, Philadelphia, to hear the re- rience in religious life, and some of our members need port of the Executive Committee on the organiza- and have the right to claim more instruction concerntion of the Association for the increase of interest ing our principles and testimonies than they now rein the Society of Friends.

ceive in our organization. Properly conducted FirstThe following plan of organization was adopted us, should receive the full endorsement, supervision

day schools, seeming to meet a great want amongst after slight amendment, and much earnest thought and support of our meetings.


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Samuel Swain warmly advocated the First-day

THE LIBRARY. School movement, believing it very essential for the perpetuation of our religious organization.

A Reasonable Faith. Short Essays for the Times. Thomas H. Speakman called attention to the prac- Macmillan & Co., London.-This pamphlet of 102 tical recognition of this movement at Race street pages sent us by a Friend in England, appears to be meeting, and to the evident advantage realized al- intended to counteract the extreme views of that large

class of English Friends, who have drifted away from ready.

the simple faith of Quakerism, as taught by their foreRichard Watson also advocated it, pressing the fathers, and have adopted the popular creeds and point of the recognition, supervision and support of theories as professed and taught by the "churches." the First-day schools

, believing it vital, not only to The subjects treated of are Fundamental Religion, the prosperity of our Society, but to its future exist- Manifest in the 'Spirit, The Atonement; what is its

true meaning ? The Sufferings of Christ. InspiraR. Lamb apprehended a danger, also, in the First- tion or Revelation, and the Bible. day school movement, lest a worn-out theology be In treating of these subjects the writers place the taught to the children, instead of the pure and high believe to be the real faith of the Society of Friends principles of the Society of Friends.

as confirmed by an intelligent application of the true Geo. L. Maris cited his experience in West Ches. meaning of the Sacred Records. Some brief extracts ter First-day school, saying: “I know that in this from the introductory chapter may serve to indicate meeting, at least, the school has been the pillar of the views of the authors. the church."

There are many earnest and thoughtful Christian Clement M. Biddle warmly urged this measure of people who are ill at ease with some of the popular

Evangelicalism is, in fact, the modern the adoption of the First-day school work into the form of Calvanism. It is the Augustinian and Genebosom of the church.

van doctrine, minus its most repulsive predestinarian Matilda E. Janney also urged the measure.

features. Now, although in this its modern guise, it Samuel Carr felt that now those who have for ten bas proved as might be expected, very attractive

to that large class of minds which are religiously years borne this responsibility have a right to claim sensitive, emotional rather than logical or discrimithe shelter and care of the church,

nating ; but there is undoubtedly a multitude of Sarah T. Rogers spoke in warm commendation of thoughtful people who are seeking for a more satisthe First-day school as it is at present carried on at factory conception of Christianity. They want a the meeting at Fifteenth and Race streets, adding, profound conviction that the religion of the Bible

faith at once scriptural and reasonable. Tney have a fervently, "God bless the church! God bless the cannot possibly, if rightly understood, conflict with First-day school!”

the best human estimate of justice and pure morality, Lewis V. Smedley also spoke earnestly and fer- nor with sound reason. They hold belief in certain vently in acknowledgment of the great work which popular definitions of so-called orthodox doctrine to

be not necessarily an essential part of true religion. the First-day school has already accomplished.

They are not wedded to any system or school of Nath. E. Janney and others spoke warmly in ad thought as ultimate and complete, or exclusively true. vocacy of recognition, and the proposition as intro- They are still seekers after truth, and are prepared to duced from the Executive Committee was unani- modify their religious views, not'hastily, but carefully mously adopted by the meeting, and was referred to For this class, also, we write, not professing to have

and thoughtfully, as evidence and conviction dictate. the Executive Committee for further action.

ourselves 'fully attained, either to be already perfect,' The next meeting of this body will occur, four even in an intellectual understanding of Divine truth; weeks from this date, at this place. Meetings to be an attainment towards which, doubtless all should held both afternoon and evening.

S. R. constantly aspire; but which, if reached, would yet be the lesser part of religion.

The better part of We have received from Levi K. Brown the of His kingdom, is more an affair of the heart than

theology, the real knowledge of God and of the things printed report of the Annual Conference of the of the head, and is largely independent of formulated Board of Indian Commissioners, the Indian Rights creeds. Therefore we find pious, righteous, doubtless Association, and other friends of the Indians, held in acceptable’ men of all creeds and in all churches. Washington, First month 8th, 1885. About fifty But the theology of the creeds and of the schools is

an intellectual structure which may readily be depersons from the larger northern cities were present. velopment down to minute particulars, in men who have

The morning session was taken up with the read. very little real religion. And yet every earnest and ing of reports of mission work, addresses, and a thoughtful man will naturally seek to shape for himseries of photographs exhibiting the progress of In- self, or rather to be taught by the Spirit of God, an dian civilization.

intellectual religious creed-a theology, and the nearer

it comes to the standard of truth and to the broad and The afternoon and evening sessions were occupied true teaching of Holy Scripture, the better with the presentation and discussion of a series of The teachings of true religion never contradict resolutions in reference to the future policy of the the best exercise of the intellectual faculty, however Government towards the Indians. The evening ses- much they may transcend or supplement its intuitions. sion was attended by several public men, who warmly

“In accordance with these fundamental principles,

we understand the Bible to be not simply either a favored a comprehensive plan for the education of revelation, or the revelation, or rather the record of a all Indians.;

progressive revealiag of spiritual truth, each part adapted in its day to the gradually maturing intelli

gence of mankind in their inevitably slow progress “ As THERE is much to enjoy in the world, so lie furthest from the elementary perceptions of men,

towards a true understanding of those things which there is much to endure; and wise are they that the things not seen.' And further we do not find in enjoy gratefully, and endure patiently."

the facts or probabilities of the case, nor does the book

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tself claim that we are to look to the Bible (invaluable

ITEMS. as its spiritual revelations are) as the sole religious light and teaching of the world ; nor that the Most High withholds from any living man some measure of the THE London Inventions Exhibition will be opened same Divine influence which 'inspired' the religious in Fifth month, 1885, and will keep open for about element of the Bible."

six months. We find nothing extreme or irreverent in these affirmations, and believe they can do no harm to those Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons,

On the evening of the 29th ulto., the Philadelphia who are sincere seekers after God

and his truth, and celebrated its ninety-eighth anniversary. think so well of the little work, that it will be found at Friends' Book Store, 1020 Arch Street. S. R. ONE of the most important scholastic reforms now

in progress in Turkey is that relating to the study of

the Arabic language. As now conducted this study CURRENT EVENTS.

absorbs years in a desultory way which might be applied to the acquisition of other branches of know

Iedge. With the view to abridge the course of study Bangor, Maine, Second month 3d.--The mercury without impairing its quality, the Sultan has deterwas 45 degrees below zero at sunrise this morning, at mined on founding a special medresseh for teaching Bridgeton.

Arabic on a scientific basis, and for this purpose has St. Johnsbury, Vt., Second month 3d.—The ther- purchased from the funds of the civil list the property mometer ranged from 40 to 45 degrees below zero this of the Guedik Pasha Theatre at Constantinople. morning

THE people of California, says the San Francisco Middlesex, Vt. Second month 3d.—The thermome-Bulletin, are rejoicing over the prospect of the developter was 40 degrees below zero here and in several ment of the valuable marble quarries of Alaska. San adjacent towns this morning: At Marshfield it was worth of marble, one quarter of which comes from

Francisco alone imports annually about $4,000,000 42 degrees below zero, and at Moretown, 46 degrees Carrara, in Italy. The price, however, is so high that below.

they have been looking forward eagerly to the formaHanover, N. H., Second month 3d. The mercury tion of a company for the purpose of opening up the was 30 degrees below zero this morning, and 40 below trade nearer home. A ledge has been located by a at Norwich, Vt.

company just formed, and operations will be com

menced at once. The ledge is only ten feet from the Washington, Second month 6th. The Legislative water's edge, and, as there is never any ice in the Executive and Judicial Appropriation bill, com- locality, ships will be able to land at any time of the pleted by the Appropriation Committee yesterday,

year. provides for the appointment by the Speaker of a commission of five members of the Forty-ninth Cou- A DESPATCH from Pittsburg in relation to the regress to consider the system of Indian education and cent explosions there says: "The officers of the gas purpose, and also to consider the best means of util- possible and that they are willing to adopt any reaizing the Yellowstone Park for the benefit of the pub- sonable precaution that may be prescribed by the lic. The commission is required to report to the next authorities. This does not satisfy the residents of the Congress.

two cities. Over 200 miles of pipes have been laid

under the streets, and as the explosions that have ocNew Orleans, La., Second month 6th.–To-morrow curred thus far have been in different neighborhoods, the formal opening of the Belgium exhibit will take the feeling is general that the city is resting over a place. The ceremonies will include speeches by the force almost as dangerous as a volcano, and that no Belgian Consul and representatives of the manage- man can tell when an explosion will occur that will ment.

destroy scores of lives. The gas is absolutely odorless Washington, Second month 4. For the further ex- when the pressure has been bigh, it has forced its way

and so penetrating that in a number of instances, ploration of Alaskan waters, particularly with refer- through the pores of cast iron pipes an inch in thickence to the great river Putnam, our Government has

The knowledge of this is general and tends to commissioned Lieutenant G. M. Stoney. It is ex- increase the terror of the people. It pected that the expedition will continue for at least a many large property-owners that so long as the leaks

is claimed by year.

in the pipes cannot be detected in the manner that It was stated at several of the labor head-quarters used with safety. They also insist that its use should

, in Pittsburg on the seventh " there are at least one be prohibited as a dangerous nuisance for the present. third idle men less in the city now than there were on the 1st of January." The improvement in the times If the councils should follow this advice, the loss to

the is expected to continue.

companies controlling the fuel would exceed $10,

000,000. Foreign.-Second month 5th.-Khartoum has fallen and Gen. Gordon is a prisoner in the hands of the Mahdi or slain.

NOTICES. GREAT anxiety for Gen. Wolseley and his army, and rumors of Gladstone's resignation.

A Conference, under the care of the Quarterly Meet

ing's Committee on Temperance, will be held at STEWART is believed to be safe, and Wolseley tele- Friends' Meeting-house, Fifteenth and Race Streets, graphs that he does not consider the position at on Sixth-day, Second mo. 27th, 1885, at 8 P. M. Gubat in immediate danger.

Jonathan K. Taylor, of Baltimore, will give an

account of the success of Prohibition in Maryland, ORDERS have been sent to Gibraltar and Malta to and of Temperance generally. All are invited. prepare for the immediate despatch of all available troops to the Soudan. General Wolseley has adopted General Stephenson's advice to send a strong force to Suakim. It is reported that Indian troops will garri- Second mo. 18th, at Race Street, 3 P. M. son Suakim, while a force of 6,000 British will advance

19th, at Spruce Street, 101 A. M. upon Berber.

29th, at Green Street, 3 P. M.





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Abraham-The Father of the Faithful.

17 AT PUBLICATION OFFICE, No. 1020 AROH STREET. Faith Illustrated .......

19 TERMS:-TO BE PAID IN ADVANCE. A Memory and an Outlook

20 Educational........ The Paper is issued every week.

21 Correspondence.

22 The FORTY-SECOND VOLUME commenced on the 14th of Extracts from Letters.

23 Second month, 1885, at Two DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS to

Editorials: Practical Workers--Indian Schools.

24 subscribers receiving it through mail, postage prepaid.





Origin and History of the West Chester First-day School... 26 REMITTANCES by Mail should be in CHECKS, DRAFTS, or High License........


28 P. O. MONEY-ORDERS; the latter preferred. Money sent by Mail Poetry: Divine Compassion-By Their Fruits......... will be at the risk of the person so sending.

Christianity and Popular Amusements......

29 Local Information...

29 AGENTS:-EDWIN BLACKBURN, Baltimore, Md. The Library.......

30 JOSEPH S. COHU, New York. Current Events.........

31 BENJ. STRATTAN, Richmond, Ind. Items.........

32 Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Penna., as second- Notices

32 class matter.

Read at a Conference at Race Street Meeting-house, Second

month 15, 1885.

ABRAHAM-THE FATHER OF THE FAITHFUL. instruments, searching the starry pavement of the

upper deep,” get glimpses of other vastnesses beyond, to which they cannot reach. And the scholar

who cons the scripture record in a thoughtful or The Hebrew Scriptures are our chief source of scientific spirit can see an extinct literature behind knowledge in regard to the Church and people whose the text that has been preserved. Stanley mentions experience in the development of religious ideas and the ancient document, describing the conquest of the character has furnished a platform upon which to Eastern Kings, in the 14th chapter of the Book of day Christianity rests a wondrous superstructure. Genesis ; the inestimable fragments of ancient songs It becomes a matter of profound interest to survey in the 21st chapter of the Book of Numbers; the and consider these foundation-stones, that of old fur- quotations from the Book of Jasher, in the Book of nished the vantage ground of the fundamental prin Joshua, and the Second Book of Samuel. ciples which are eternal, and in their nature pro- Nor is the history of the Chosen People exclugressive; for they are living, and where life is vivid, sively contained in Canonical Books of Hebrew there is growth and enlargement to which we can Sacred Scripture. The Septuagint text was the text set no limits.

sanctioned probably by Jesus himself, and was the Our hope and faith surely are, that the glorious old Testament of the Apostolical age and of the early religious truths and moral verities, revealed to the Church. fathers of the world by their earliest household fires, The Septuagint is a version made by the Alexanare never to become obsolete, but are to-day the drian Jews in the time of the earlier Ptolemies, about germs of all advancement toward earthly perfection 280 B. C. It consisted at first of only the law, i. e., or heavenly joy.

the first five books, called the Pentateuch. It was Both Jewish and. Christian scholars are generally translated in Greek and was circulated more or less now agreed that the supposed books of Moses, throughout the Greek speaking world before the Joshua and Samuel, were not written in their present coming of Christ, and was highly prized by the form by those whose names they bear. Such a sup- Jewish people and church in the days of the Messiah. position is contradicted by the strong internal evi- There were about seventy translators-hence the dence of their contents. (Stanley.) It seems that name. the present Old Testament Books are not the earliest Heathen traditions are also held to be valuable records of the first nation known to have cherished corroborative evidence, but these are scanty, consistexalted ideas of a holy and benevolent God who ing of passages in Josephus, Eusebius and Clement loveth righteousness. Astronomers, with the best of Alexandria-a few statements in Justin, Tacitus

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