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lawful postage thereon, shall entitle the letter to immediate | been investigating the extent to which tobacco is used delivery at any

place containing 4,000 population or over, ac- by boys in city schools. He finds that in two grades cording to the Federal census, within the carrier limit of any of 73 boys from 12 to 15 years old, 31 habitually free deiivery office, or within one mile of the Post Office or smoked cigarettes, and only 7 could say they never any other Post Office coming within the provisions of this had smoked. Of 96 boys from 10 to 12 there were 68 law which may, in like manner, be designated as a special de- smokers, and in the A B C class many had begun the livery office, that such speciafly stamped letters shall be de- practice. livered between 7 o'clock A. M. and midnight; that a book

NEWS has been received from missionaries at Rushall be provided in which the person to whom the letter is addressed shall acknowledge its receipt; that messengers for baga, in Uganda, of the death in 10th month last, of this special delivery are to be paid eighty per cent. of the face King Mtesa, at whose invitation, conveyed to England value of all the stamps received and recorded in a month, pro- by Stanley, the Church Missionary Society organized

the Victoria Nyanza mission nine years ago. The vided that the aggregate compensation paid to any one person for such service shall not exceed $30 per month, and provided King is succeeded by Mwanga, a lad who has been in further that the regulations for the delivery of these specially some measure brought under the influence of the mis

sionaries. stamped letters shall in no way interfere with the prompt de

The comparative freedom from violence

and bloodshed with which this change of monarchs livery of letters as provided by existing law or regulation.

has been marked is said to be unprecedented. A VALUED Friend of Richmond, Indiana, sends us this cutting, which gives the reasons for the veto of a

THE business of the paper manufacturers of HolWomans Suffrage Bill, by Governor Pierce of Dakota: yoke, Mass., says a despatch from there, has taken a

decided boom. All the paper mills in the city and Governor Pierce of Dakota justified the contidence of all vicinity are running on full time, and orders are comsensible people yesterday by vetoing the woman suffrage billing into many which compel them to draw from their passed by the legislature in a moment of folly. He finds several

reserve supplies. This revival in business is felt more good and substantial reasons for his action. In the first place, especially among the mills where fine papers are so extraordinary a question, he thinks, ought to be submitted manufactured. One of the leading manufacturers of to the people. As it would be under a state organization. As Holyoke is quoted as saying that never in the history, it is, it is a matter more properly devolving on congress of stationery has there been such a demand for elegant Should such a measure be permitted to become a law, he and fine papers as at present. rightly believes that its effect would be to seriously endanger Dakota's chances of admission to statehood. He also points PEOPLE living along the shore of Lake Ontario, in out one of the most objectionable features of the bill to be that Wayne and Oswego counties, New York, state that while it conferred upon women the right to vote, it deliberately this has been the severest winter known 'there since debarred them from the right to hold office. In fine, the 1854. A survey of the ice field on the lake at Sodus governor shows very clearly that the measure was crude, ill- Point has been made. It covers a greater area than advised and objectionable in every respect. A striking proof ever before known there. There is almost solid ice of the high regard in which the opinions of Governor Pierce for two miles out from the shore, and for the first time are held by the legislature was given in the vote of the house teams have been able to travel on the ice, while Sodus sustaining the veto by a majority greater than that originally Bay is almost completely covered with ice of the avergiven to the bill itself.-St. Paul and Minneapolis Free Press.

age thickness of 24 feet. All entrances to the harbor

are frozen fast and are covered by huge drifts of Foreign.—Though the friends of peace still cherish

The view of the ice and snow upon the lake hope that the Anglo-Russian war cloud may yet be and bay is one of unusual grandeur, and the scene is dissolved, matters have assumed a much more threat-visited by scores of people daily.-Trenton Gazette. ening aspect during the past week.

The Globe of London states that a proposal partaking of the nature of an ultimatum, was telegraphed to

NOTICES. St. Petersburg, on the 26th of Third month. The same paper is authority for the statement that Earl

FRIENDS' CHARITY FUEL ASSOCIATION Granville on the 16th ult., proposed to Russia, that both the Russians and the Afghans should withdraw Will meet this evening, Fourth month 4th, at 8 from the portion of territory which is at present in o'clock, in Friends? Parlor, 1520 Race Street. dispute, and remain outside while the negotiations

JOSEPH M. TRUMAN, JR., Clerk. were going on in London. Russia's refusal to accede to this proposition, caused vast war preparations to be set on foot.

Fourth no. 5th, Frankford, Pa., 3 P. M.

5th, Providence, Pa., 3 P. M.

19th, Roaring Creek, Pa., 11 A. M.
12th, Pennsgrove, Pa.



LINCOLN COUNTY, GA., will charge $1,000 for liquor A Circular Meeting will be held in Frankford Meet licenses on and after the first of next October.

ing-house at 3 P. M., Fourth month 5th, under the

care of the Monthly Meeting's Committee. In a small tannery at Grass Valley, the leaves and bark of the manzanita tree are successfully used to

The Yearly Meeting Temperance Committee have make leather. The tannery is experimenting on na- arranged for holding a Conference in Fifteenth Street tive barks and trees.—San Francisco Bulletin.

Meeting-house, New York City, on Second-day, Fourth THE orange crop of this season, says the Savannah mo.6th, 1885. Meetings will be held at 2.30 P. M. and (Ga.) News, has been the largest ever gathered in 7.30 P. M. Florida. One of the Marion county groves alone has

Carefully prepared papers or addresses will be preyielded upwards of 30,000 boxes, and all the crop is sented on practical subjects, and the questions thus not yet gathered.

brought before the Conference will be open for general

discussion. A BILL has been passed by the Alabama Legislature It is very desirable that as large a number of the requiring all schools and colleges receiving State aid members of the several Quarterly Meetings as possible to give instruction in physiology and hygiene, with should attend, in order that the deliberations of the special reference to showing the injurious influence of Conference may represent, as far as possible, the senspirituous liquors and narcotics on the human sys- timent of the Yearly Meeting. tem.

On behalf of the Committee, SUPERINTENDENT BENNETT, of Piqua, Ohio, has

Jos. A. BOGARDUS, Clerk.





No. 9.



.... 131


Some Account of the Early Part of the Life and Religious
Experience of Ruth Anna Lindley..

Sermon by Robert F. Furnas..


Prophets and Prophecies.........
Dr. Arnold on Conscience and Faith..

134 Educational Summer Schools of Hebrew.

134 The Paper is issued every week. Correspondence

135 The FORTY-SECOND VOLUME commenced on the 14th of The Church and the Drink Question.

135 Second month, 1885, at Two DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS to Editorials: Ready for Service-The Work of the Year 136 subscribers receiving it through mail, postage prepaid.


137 SINGLE NUMBERS, SIX CENTS. Are These not Christians?

.... 137 Ok-la-hom-mah.....



Edward Israel

140 REMITTANCES by Mail should be in CHECKS, DRAFTS, or Poetry: The Two Bridges....

141 P. O. MONEY-ORDERS; the latter preferred. Money sent by Mail

Middle Life.......

142 will be at the risk of the person so sending.

The Mazarin Bible......

112 AGENTS :-EDWIN BLACKBURN, Baltimore, Md. Local Information

142 JOSEPH S. COHU, New York.

The Library.........
BENJ. STRATTAN, Richmond, Ind.
Current Events......

143 Items........

144 Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Penna., as second


144 class matter.

.... 143

SOME ACCOUNT OF THE EARLY PART OF THE LIFE a little piece of work, and confining myself to my AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE OF RUTH

chamber, many serious reflections presented themANNA LINDLEY.

selves, and in the evening, sitting in the parlor with

my parents, brothers and sisters, I burst into tears. This simple and sincere narrative of the deep reli- All leaving the room except my dear mother, she gious experience of a daughter of the preceding cen. asked the occasion of my uneasiness. I told her I tury, and the progressive steps by means of which was just thinking if it should please the Almighty to she attained to the condition of true obedience and in a fit situation to appear before his great Majesty ;

call me before the light of another sun whether I was consecration to the Divine Will, may be encouraging she talked suitably to me and said she had no doubt to others who in these days may also be traveling if I sought properly to be rendered worthy an inheritZionward by the same well-worn pathway.

ance in the Kingdom, I should gain it; but I felt The date is omitted from the opening of the nar- great distress that night, and the concern continued

The date is omitted from the opening of the nar, for some time. One evening being left alone with rative, but she states further on that she was received my beloved mother, and having some desire of iminto membership with Friends in 1787, when she provement, I asked her what books would be suitwas about 22.

able for me to read. She answered there was none This paper is published at the request of our be more suitable than the Bible. This reply affected

me, and she took that opportunity of querying with loved and venerated friend Sarah Hunt.-EDS.

me what Society I thought I should join. I told her I trust it is under a degree of the influence of I believed I should be a Quaker. Indeed I saw it the blessed Truth that I now take up my pen in clearly to be my duty to leave off several of my order to commemorate the tender dealings of an Al- flounces and superfluous things, and felt peace in mighty and most Merciful Father unto me, in the giving up thereto; but through unwatchfulness I morning of my days, that if I continue in this vale lost ground and became again captivated and enof mortality to future years, my heart may be rever- snared in the vain fashions and customs,of the world; ently bowed with gratitude in taking a retrospect and my sister being about to accomplish her marthereof. It pleased my Heavenly Father to incline riage, several new things were provided for me on my heart to seek him from my infancy; and about the occasion. I put on a cushion, and dressed in the the fourteenth year of my age, I was favored with a most fashionable style for girls of my age. I joined remarkable visitation, the beginning of which I was in all the levity and mirth that was going forward, made sensible of. One day, being much interested in and was at times much elated; but, alas! that inna

cence and calm serenity of mind with which I had had not danced more than two or three dances before I been favored while I lived in the cross, to my natu- again felt deep distress and dismay to cover my mind. ral inclination, was no longer in my possession; every I called my brother aside and told him to speak to one enjoyment carried with it a sting, and I felt a void of the servants who was in waiting to go home with which I cannot express, but which, no doubt, pro. me, for I was not well and wished to leave the room ceeded from the reproofs of my Beloved. Neverthe- unobserved; he accordingly did so, and my sister less I pursued a gay line of life till turned of seven- expressing her surprise at my quick return, I pleaded teen, though I had often to return to that season indisposition and soon went to bed. wherein I was favored with religious thoughtfulness, Soon after this I lost an uncle, he dying suddenly, and lament in secret my situation. In the fall pre- it greatly shocked and affected us. The next Firstceding the change in my dress, my sister invited me day evening, it being the time of the spring meeting, to spend the winter with her in order to introduce and evening meeting, being held at Pine street, a conme into company. I accordingly went, and frequented nection of mine asked me to go to meeting with her; I the dancing assemblies, theatre, and all places of had frequently in the course of the winter gone in amusements that were usual. I also learned music, there when my sister would go on to church (we having a master to attend me, and made great pro- lived but two doors from the meeting-house). She ficiency therein, as I had a natural ear and uncom- and her husband would sometimes smile and tell me mon fondness for it. I promised myself much pleas- they believed I intended to be a Quaker. I did not ure, and thought it would fill up my vacant hours know it would soon be the case, but I felt a secret which I should have in the country, for from the satisfaction in attending their meetings. I generally sensations that attended niy mind I did not think I sat near the door at the back part of the house, lest should continue long in the circle I was then in; and my gay appearance should attract attention, but in through the course of the winter I have since thought the evening above hinted we had not sat long before I was under a very tender visitation of Divine love a Friend got up and spoke, and as he was rather though at that time I knew it not; my mind was at tedious my companion soon got tired and proposed seasons so absorbed that even while paying formal going, but I chose to stay, and she left me. After visits and surrounded with company I scarce knew some time, dear D. Offley appeared largely in testiwhat passed, and but few expressions escaped my lips, mony; he mentioned the prospect he had of some so that my friends would often tell me that I was youth then present having a great work to do, and extremely silent, and would laugh at me for it. And spoke so clearly to my state that I was much struck indeed I was at times almost ready to conclude that with it, but knew not at that time it was intended for there was a great degree of instability in me and me, and thought how deeply those must feel for natural uneasiness of disposition, for notwithstanding whom it was meant; but although I did not at that no exertions of my friends, or expense of my parents, time take it to myself, I had afterwards cause to rewas spared to render everything agreeable I was not member that solemn testimony and it was a strength happy. When under the hands of a hairdresser to me. tears would stream from my eyes. I could not tell the cause, but doubtless it was thy Divine Love, O, my Beloved, operating in me in order that I might

SERMON BY ROBERT F. FURNAS. become wholly thine.

I well remember one afternoon, being engaged in a large party, I went up stairs to dress, and sat before “He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, and the glass attempting to escape my hair, but not con. 'He bindeth up the waters in His thick clouds, and the sidering what I was about being deep in thought, it cloud is not rent under them.

“He holdeth back the face of His throne, and spreadeth His grew late and I was hurried, and not readily finding cloud upon it.

"He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day some of my finery which I wanted to put on it flut- and night come to an end. tered me, and feeling myself entangled in those things

"The pillars of heaven tremble, and are astonished at His which gave me much pain and anxiety without know- He divideth the sea with His power, and by His undering where to seek relief, I threw myself on the bed standing He smiteth through the proud.

“By his spirit He hath garnished the heavens; His hand in great agony of mind and gave vent to many tears, hath formed the crooked serpent. but after some time I arose and went down stairs and heard of Him! but the thunder of His power who can under

“Lo! these are parts of His ways; but how little a portion is made excuse to my sister who expected to see me in stand ?"-Job xxvi, 7th verse, to end. full dress. But, truly, my mind was not in a fit. This is as true now as when uttered by Job, that situation to join a large company, thus I strove to noted man of Uz. From this beautiful and comhide the real cause.

prehensive view of Almighty Power, confirmed as it At another time, going with some company to see is to the outward visible creation, we may still exa pantomine performed, my mind was so abstracted claim, with equal truth, " The thunder of His power from the objects around me that I could pay no who can understand ?” attention to the scene, but felt dejection and distress The great advance in science and knowledge has not easily to be conceived.

not lessened the truth of it, and though many conThe last ball I attended was one given by some tinue "to run to and fro, and knowledge shall be inyoung men of my acquaintance; my sister had a creased,” yet it will still be true. The knowledge of dance the preceding evening at her own house, and I astronomy was understood to some extent in that being much fatigued wished to have excused myself, | day, and a number of the stars still bear the same from going to the ball, but it being a set company, and names as given in the book of Job. my friends pressing me to go, I yielded and went, but True, also, the knowledge of nature's laws was

To be continued.

Delivered Third mo. 15th, 1885, in Richmond Meeting, Ind.

hangeth the earth upon nothing.


For Friends' Intelligencer.

quite considerable; yet, when we contemplate the work in their day—this that enabled the martyrs to discoveries that have been made since then—the praise God amid the flames, that crowned them with ascertained means that enable us to walk in our glory and rainbow brightness, their voices of praise streets in the light instead of groping in the dark- only ceasing as the scorching flames checked their ness of night, and to read the daily newspaper at our utterances, and translated them from scenes of earth four firesides, made possible by the discovery of gas, by to the great white throne where angels, archangels, men, at the same time, in different parts of the world, cherubim and seraphim unite with them in one etereach believing his discovery a secret until the an- nal anthem of praise forever and ever. nouncements were simultaneously made-then think These worthies were faithful; they helped each for a moment how much is needed by the inhabit- other, for the same God talked with them. ants of this great country of ours-a country washed The Church of Christ is one, and the members by two mighty oceans that carry on their bosoms the should have charity for one another; each, as we are commerce of nations, the mighty rivers for the trans- called to the work, should stand upon the wall of portation of the products of the inner portion of the Zion, and with trumpet to the lips sound forth the country, the great network of iron rails that now Gospel of salvation, and God will bless our every reach from sea to sea, the grand old mountains with effort. All we lack to become a truly Christian peotheir precious metals, the broad plains that give pas-ple, walking in the light of God's counsel, is obediturage for the flocks and herds that graze upon them, ence to His every command. Then, brothers and the valleys with their verdure and beauty, the grand sisters, let us buckle on the "whole armor of God," forests and their cooling shades, the rippling streams, having the “breastplate of righteousness," and our the singing birds, the fleecy clouds, and the starry “feet shod with the preparation of the Gospel of heavens-all remind us of that declaration, “ the peace,” taking “the helmet of salvation and the thunder of His power who can comprehend ?” sword of the Spirit," let us go on "conquering and

The wonderful discoveries still to be made, and to conquer.” the advance that awaits us in coming time, depend, May this be our happy experience. as they always have done, upon one thing—every advancement that has been made has been from the ope source, God has always talked with His children

PROPHETS AND PROPHECIES. in a language they could comprehend and understand, from the time He spoke to Adam and Eve to From the earliest ages, God appeared to man and the present, and when we have been obedient to that held converse with hini. This is one of the first language of God there has always been an advance and most characteristic doctrines of the Bible. from a lower to a higher plane.

Over against the dumb gods of the heathen, the It was that voice of God in the soul of Martin God of Israel is represented as a God who enters Luther that enabled him to stand erect before a won. into human life: rules not only over men, but in dering company, midway upon the stairway, which them; is not only a King, but a Father; has not tradition says led to Pilate's house, as he was ascend- merely subjects, but children. ing on his knees for the purpose of obtaining indul- In the opening chapters of the Old Testament, he gences

for sin, and to utter that wonderful declara- makes man in His own image, and then walks in the tion, " The just shall live by faith.” And here it is garden and talks with him. He warns Noah of the well to note the spirit of obedience to that voice, for flood and tells him how to save himself and family history tells us that only a fortnight afterwards those from the universal deluge. He calls Abraham out indulgences were made bonfires of in the streets of of the land of idolatry and holds frequent conversahis own city.

tion with him. He appears to Jacob and discloses It was the same voice that enabled one also to de- heaven near at hand. He appears to Moses in the clare a truth that we find verified and fulfilled to burning bush and promises to be speech to him ; He day. Wickliffe lived and preached a doctrine of re- sweeps the strings of David's harp and they produce formation; he was permitted to die in peace a natural the melody of the everlasting Psalms; He is Jeredeath, but forty-three years later his teachings were miah's song in the night and Isaiah's song in the pronounced heresy by those in authority, and his daytime. bones were ordered to be dug up from their resting- At first God is said to aprear to men in human place and burned, and the ashes scattered in the form. As time goes on, he ceases to come in human river Avon. Then these four lines were given to the guise, and comes to hearts in voice unheard and form world:

But still He appears, nearer to Isaiah than to Gideon, to David than to Abraham.

All through the Old Testament men do not see God, but the reflection, of His image on prophetic

souls on which He has been photographed. Wickliffe gave the Bible to the common people of It is full of the gleams and sparks of His presence England in their own language, Martin Luther to with men. the common people of Germany in their own lan- The prophetic period was the fresh creative youth guage; in all these evidences of the past we find of Israel and perhaps the most remarkable in Jewevery advancement has been by obedience to the ish history. It was not outwardly successful, for voice of God in the soul of man.

during its progress the two Israelitish kingdoms were It was this that inspired Fox, Penn and the Wes- destroyed and the people taken captive. But relileys, and all the early reformers, to do such a mighty | gion made a great stride forward through the teach


“ The Avon to the Severn runs,

The Severn to the sea;
And Wickliffe's dust shall spread abroad

Wide as the waters be."

ing and influence of the prophets, who insisted that phetic office must have been, humanly speaking, one there was no other God but Jehovah, and that He of apparently extreme fruitlessness and discourageshould be worshiped not only by Israel but by all ment; unpopular to the public, unsatisfactory to its nations.

bearer, and only rendered tolerable by the spiritual It is incorrect to consider the Hebrew prophets illumination and exalted faith which were conferred only as persons whose office was to predict future by Jehovah upon those through whom he spoke." events. They were the national poets of Judea. During the time of the Judges, the priesthood They were annalists and historians. They were sank into a state of degeneracy and the people were preachers of patriotism, their patriotism being founded no longer affected by the acted lessons of the cereon the religious motive. They were preachers of monial service. Under these circumstances, a new morals and of spiritual religion; the system of mo- moral power was evoked—the Prophetic order. rals put forward by the prophets, if not higher and There had not been up to this time any men like purer than the law, is more plainly declared and Amos and Isaiah. The prophets that Saul met were with greater earnestness. Their chief subject of probably little more than frenzied seers, but a heginstudy was the law and its interpretation. They were ning had been made. a political power in the State, but they were some- Samuel, a great teacher and reformer in religion, thing more than all this—they were the instruments was the instrument for giving to the prophets a poof revealing God's will to man.

sition of importance which they had never before As the prediction of future events became part of held. While they had existed before his time, yet their duty, this most wonderful office of all came to it was only from him that the succession was unbrobe reckoned their chief one.

ken. Samuel founded schools or communities of We learn that it was by the agency of the Spirit prophets. Into these were gathered promising stuof God that the prophets received their divine com- dents, and here they were trained for the office they munications, but the means by which the Divine were afterwards to fill. In these irstitutions music Spirit communicated with the human spirit, or the was made use of as a medium of inspiration. So conditions under which they were received have not successful were they that there seems not to have been clearly defined, they are only indicated; some been wanting a supply of men to keep up the line of times by direct declaration and manifestation, and at official prophets

. Generally the inspired prophets others by visions and dreams. But it does not follow came from these colleges, but not always. that all prophetic revelations were thus made.

The sixteen prophets, whose books are in the Canon, Prophecy is in general a modification of inspira- have that place of honor because they were endowed tion. Inspiration is sight or rather insight. Those with the prophetic gift, as well as belonging to the men who have the greatest degree of the intuitive prophetic order. Amos was an exception.

The faculty are by way of eminence inspired men, such word of the Lord came into his soul with such of these as had visions of religious truths were power that he must needs leave his herds and go inspired prophets, lawgivers and evangelists, but preach to the people. they differed in their spiritual culture and growth." At first no record was kept of prophetic discourses.

The state of the prophets at the time of receiving From the time of Samuel they had spoken much, the divine revelation was such as necessarily to make but their sayings were short and disconnected and their predictions fragmentary, figurative and ab- related to passing events, and they were not accusstracted from the relations of time Dr. Arnold tomed to writing. As Israel advanced in civilization says that we should bear in mind that they have a and culture, composition was more practised. Danlower historical sense as well as a higher spiritual gers now threatened the nation from foreign powers. sense; that there may be one or more than one typi- Its future became complicated and doubtful. Good cal fulfillment of a prophecy, in each of which the and wise men asked what would become of their higher spiritual fulfillment is shadowed forth more or people? They began to see that God was not only less distinctly.

mighty but also holy and just. Then arose men who It would seem that the prophets had not them- felt themselves sent by God to tell their nation that selves a full knowledge of all they predicted. They they were suffering because they had forsaken the were the “spokesmen” of God, the “mouth " by commandments of Jehovah. which his words were uttered, or they were enabled These prophets composed and delivered long and to see and empowered to describe pictures presented vigorous discourses, and they were written down and to their spiritual intuition, but we find no grounds preserved. The literary form of most of them is for believing that, at the same time with this miracle, poetical. The lofty grandeur of the prophetic was wrought another, so enlarging the understanding themes and the sublimely imaginative and figurative of the prophet as to enable him to grasp the whole manner in which these themes are treated, lift the intent and purpose of that which he was the instru- Hebrew prophecies into the very highest rank of ment of declaring!

poetical composition. These records contain much While the prophets were lifting up their voices historical matter, but in a religious sense, the highest against the corrupt religion and the vices of the use of them is the best proof afforded, by their prepeople, "the divine message often became operative, dictions and the fulfillment of them, that the Bible if at all in their own day, only upon individual is what it claims to be-a revelation of God's will to consciences; and since it was only in that obscure man. manner, or else at the distance of hundreds of years As an evidence of revelation, fulfilled prophecy is in the future, that the full and true force of their as satisfactory as anything can be; for who can utterances were exerted; it is evident that the pro- | know the future but the Ruler who disposes future

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