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BY ELIZABETH P. PEABODY.
WOMEN IN BUSINESS.
common law should be as much a part of a girl's
education as arithmetic or any other essential. One of the strongest arguments in the minds of Christian Union. many against woman rights is the want of aptitude shown by women, as a whole, for business. Now and
CONGRESS AND THE PIUTES. then a woman, strong and mighty, will make her appearance and seem to be a proof of the hidden talent possessed by her sex. But the vast number of women prove conclusively that if they possess the It is the moral of the book of Job that Eternal business talent,'tis inost securely hidden, and nothing Good, the Father of Spirits, makes use of evil but practical education in the laws governing the (which is the necessary contingent of the freedom transactions of the business world will reveal it. that finite spirits inherit) as well as of good (which Fathers and brothers are largely to blame for this is their chosen communion with him) to accomplish ignorance, as the majority of them are educated to the gracious purposes of his love for the whole. Satan believe that business affairs are none of a woman's is represented as coming in among the business, but that it is a field to be occupied entirely God," and receives his commission unconsciously to by themselves.
demonstrate, though in an inverted way, that evil is A well-known writer on the subject, alluding to finite and good infinite in the destiny of man. The the fact that some business men and some corpora- will of God is always brought about without impingtions refuse to do business with women, says:
ing the freedom of man, though with subjective experi. “Business men or corporations, have of course, the ences as different as those of Judas and Jesus. right to put upon their business transactions such It seems that nothing short of six months' martyrlimits as they think fit, but men will certainly adopt dom of our Piute Champion (for it has been nothing and maintain only such laws and limitations as are less) was requisite as a realastic illustration of the profitable. It is well to know what disadvantages burden of the pathetic song by which she charmed women rest under in business; but all of them can the people of the Atlantic cities to sign the petition be traced to the one disadvantage of not being trained to Congress, which, together with her own interview into careful business habits. Every girl should be with the Committee of the House to which her petitaught how to keep her accounts in an orderly and tion was referred, and some previous correspondence business-like manner; she should be trusted with an with Mr. Dawes, brought forth the Act in the Indian allowance, be held responsible for its management, Appropriation Bill granting "lands in severalty and and made to abide the consequences of its mismanage- citizens rights" to two principal bands of her people ment; and every girl should be taught arithmetic in to be settled upon the reservation of Pyramid Lake. such a practical way that she can compute interest, buy But what was her dismay, when she found that the and sell, and depend with perfect confidence on her execution of this grant was committed to the discreown figures.
tion of the very Indian Bureau which it had been “The injustice that parents-rich and poor-do the object of her two years' work to show was their daughters by bringing them up in a state of vicious ring, the necessary action of whose constituinfantile ignorance of affairs, and by keeping them in tion was to defeat the very objects for the attainment a condition of pecuniary dependence even after they of which it pretended to be constituted. The have reached womanhood, is hardly to be computed popular heart had been touched; but the mind of It can indeed be measured only by the mortification Congress had not been informed, after all. She felt the inconvenience, and the actual suffering in which that all her labor had been in vain, if Congress did such raising involves its victims.
not recognize that the Interior Office with the agents "Have I not walked openly,' says Mrs. Helen it appointed was the Indian ring; and it was with desCampbell, ‘into a choice selection of the pitfalls pair in her hart that she went out to Nevada last which yawn before my sisters, and all because certain August by the direction of Commissioner Price " to business knowledge, which a man seems to get through settle down," and carry out her “definite plans of his fingers' ends, fails to meet, or, if it meets, fails to education among her people on the reservation, which become a part of ordinary women. With the man she had had no assurance was not still in the hands of there is an inherited aptitude, and observation and the wicked agent McMasters, whom she had exposed constant opportunity to confirm the habit. With the in her book (pp. 87 and 88), but whose own report woman there is equally an inherited inaptitude, and of himself Mr. Price had just printed in his Report not only this, but an indifference and placidly ac- of 1883. She could not“settle down” again with the cepted ignorance that, to one who has learned what Winnemuccas and Leggins' band, and superintend shocking wrong may be the result of this state, is the education as she had done at Malheur (p. 116), simply appalling.
with McMasters still there with his gang of employés, " Property slips away suddenly, rights are invaded inclusive of the Piute Dave as his interpreter, corrupor set aside, children suffer, lives are spoiled, through ted by holding his place on the condition of being failure to find out precisely what certain forms mean subservient to his employer's private interest, whator what the bearing of an action may be. Every ever might become of the Indians. Perhaps she week brings to us the story of some woman's suffer- would not have gone, but that the same day that she ing through blind confidence that things were safe received the letter of Mr. Price she received one from and right; and while thousands, through sharp Adjutant-general Kelton (both letters were addressed experience, have learned their lesson, other thousands to Mrs. Mann), saying that the reservation had been are ruined beyond hope or redress. The bearings of cleared by a party of the military sent by Gen. Pope,
and she must “come immdiately, and gather her peo- reading "Life among the Piutes." Let every one ple together, and go upon it with them.” The fact therefore who has acquaintance with leading Conwas (as it has since been learned)that this was done gressmen write to them, and urge them to lose no for the moment only. The trick of the agents is to time in getting Mr. Arthur to do the needful thing. make no resistance to any order, but to sham obedience. And to do this will not merely save the remnant of Gen. Pope was in this case made the victim of the this tribe, though to do that alone would be enough to subtle policy of the ring. As no resistance was made, crown his administration with a moral glory, but it and the settlers drove off their cattle and seemed to will go far to establish the principle of the governgive up their farms, the milittary force returned to Gen. ment's dealing first hand with Indians themselves, Pope, to mislead him, as it proved, into reporting to and not with white representatives of Indians not Washington that there was no resistance made and chosen by themselves. It is true that it is a very no trouble was to be feared.” (He sent us also this exceptional abvantage of the Piutes that by the wise printed report in good faith.)
forcast of the very remarkable chief, Capt. Truchee, So Mrs. Hopkins went out to brave the tragic ex- his grand-daughter has been educated to speak the Enperiences of the last six months, which I have but glish language from her infancy, and to be made acfaintly depicted in my two preceding papers. The quainted with what is best in our Christain civilization Congress, which had dispersed immediately after the without losing her Indian heart and vital relations Act was passed by the Senate, needed this realistic with all that is best in the old primitive life.—Chrisillustration of the subtle character of the Indian ring, tian Register. that they should have learned from her lips, but for which she will rejoice to have shed her blood (as she
ASTRONOMICAL. literally has), if it will make them realize that this Act of Congress for the Piutes cannot be executed We recommend at this time of year, when the starry without first sweeping away every fragment of the agency, heavens are so very beautiful and the winter is over and letting the two bands, under the affectionate lead- and gone, our young folks should take the advice of ing of their beloved Chief Natches and his sister, who Isaac Sharpless, of Haverford College, as expressed can, and they only can, inspire them with hope, and in his last paper in the Public Ledger. gather them to go upon the reservation. Mr. Ellet's To serve as a guide to any one wishing to locate failure to move Leggins' band proves that no emissary the constellations and bright stars, we give the folof the Interior Office can do anything with the long lowing description of their positions, which is applideceived Piutes.
cable for 9 o'clock and thereabouts, for several days It is indeed very plain that nothing short of an ex- to come. ecutive order will avail to carry out the act. There Assuming that any one can find the Dipper, nearly are still two weeks of President Arthur's term left; overhead, and by the Pointers in it locate the Pole and are there not members of Congress who have been Star, the next step will be to trace out the Ursa informed of the facts, who can and will bring them Minor, or the little Dipper in which the Pole Star is before him ? He can send an order to Gen. Pope to at the western end of the handle. He will then find clear the reservation, and command his troops to re- the head of Draco, an irregular quadrilateral of main there till the Winnemucca band, at least
, if not stars in the N. N. E. and follow the winding of Leggins' band, is actually settled upon it. And he its body along a line of stars, extending first northerly can empower Natches and Sarah to find such white then upwards and westward, crossing the meridian, assistants as they may need to correspond with the just below the Pointers. Cassiopeia, just opposite government, and teach the farmer's, carpenter's, and the Pole Star from the Dipper, is nearly setting in blacksniith's work as well as keep the school, and the N. N. W., the top of its W. being turned towards give them leave to draw salaries for these employés as the Pole Star. A little farther around towards the the agents have always done (generally making per- west is Perseus, containing besides several bright stars sons of their own families the employés). Six thous- two beautiful clusters and the interesting variable and dollars of the appropriation, it was specified in star Algol. Still farther around to the west, that the bill, was for the expenses of the agency: the brilliant portion of the heavens Orion, Taurus and other seventeen thousand were for the expenses at the two Dogs is just leaving us for the season. The tending the removal, and to buy the tools of labor, and bright star just in the west is Aldebaran ; up towards meet the expenses of living till they should have their the Pole Star, from this is Capella in the constellafirst crop. What necessity is there for anybody to tion Auriga. South of Capella are Castor and Pollux stand between the government and Natches and in Gemini. The bright object over the head of Sarah, who have no separate interest from their Orion and between Aldebaran and the Twins is the people that are no longer wards, if they have the planet Saturn. We must take our last look at this citizen right of separate property ? And who so planet for a time. As a result of the motion of the well qualified as they to make the local arrang- earth, Saturn will soon be placed so nearly behind ments and apportion to the householders their lands? the sun that it will rise and set at about the same Surely, not anybody in Washington. Sarah has the time with the sun, and so be invisible at night. By good plans of the good agent Parish to guide her; next fall, however, the earth will so far have comand the Chief's family are brought up to exercise pleted its course as to place itself again between the guardianship, and always know their people individ- planet and the sun, and we will have again Saturn ually, and have no interest apart from them. At in the east in the evening. In the case of all the least, so it is pre-eminently with the children and outer plauets requiring as they do several years to grand-children of Capt. Truchee, as may be seen by complete their rounds among the stars, it is the
BY W. J. BOND.
motion of our earth, rather than theirs, which affects
A WATER LILY.
O marvel of bloom and grace, also, because of the positions of its rings to us.
Did you fall right down from heaven eight years they will be turned edgewise, and will be
Out of the sweetest place?
You are white as the thoughts of an Angel, seen, when seen at all, only as as a narrow line of
Your heart is steeped in the sun; light. In as many more years they will again be as
Did you grow in the Golden City near broadside as now, only the other side will be
My pure and radiant one? turned to us.
“Nay, nay I fell not out of heaven; Returning to our description : On the meridian,
None gave me my saintly white, just south of the zenith, are two bright stars, the
It slowly grew from the darkness, brightest of which is the planet Jupiter. The other
Down in the dreary night, is Regulus, in the constellation Leo. Northward
From the ooze of the silent river from Regulus is a row of stars shaped like a sickle.
I won my glory and grace;
White souls fall not, O my poet! This is in the shoulders of the Lion, and the rest of
They rise to the sweetest place." the constellation stretches off to the eastward. Adjoin
-Selected. ing it on the east is a group of faint stars, constituting Berenice's hair, and east of this ie Boötes, embrac
THE MUSIC OF THE GOSPEL. ing the bright Arcturus. East of Bootes and a little north ward is a semi-circle of stars, making the Northern Crown. Boötes reaches all the way to Draco, in the north, and thus our circle of the "Through the dark its echoes sweetly ringing,
The music of the Gospel leads us home.”-Faber. heavens in this direction is completed. In the south- A lovely song, all other songs excelling, east is the bright star Spica in Virgo. To the east
Sweeter than any ever heard before, warid of this is the quadrilateral of Corvus In the From day to day, from age to age is swelling southwest is Sirus and the other stars of Canis Major "O'er earth's green fields and ocean's wave-beat and towards the zenith is Canor Minor, with Procyon.
shore." East of the latter is a faint object, easily seen by the Its ceaseless theme the simple, grand old story, naked eye on a moonless night, the nebula of the Familiar to us from our earliest years, constellation Cancer.
Which speaks of present peace and future glory
To "inward hearts as well as To fill up the details which this description neces
outward ears." sarily omits it is desirable to have a star atlas or Charmed by the strains, dim eyes with rapture glisten, celestial globe. The work of recognizing the con- And hearts that once were heavy are made light; stellations is an easy one, requiring only a few even- And generations yet to come will listen ings to make any one familiar with such as are visible
When we who hear it now have passed from sight. at the particular season. A telescope opens an
Come unto Me," the lovely song beginneth, immense field for research, but there are plenty of “Ye that are weary and with care oppressed ;'' objects of interest in the heavens which require only There is a cure for every one that sinneth,
" Come unto Me, and I will give you rest." the unaided, watchful eye to notice. One trained to scientific habits of observation, and imbued with the “Thy sins are all forgiven thee,” most completely, spirit of inquiry, can perform useful and interesting Depart in peace, thy faith bath made thee whole,'' work among the stars, with no appliances but such The melody continues, and how sweetly as nature furnishes.
The precious tidings break upon the soul!
Again : "I will not leave thee nor forsake thee, The Arabs, says an exchange, have a story of a Lo, I am with thee in the hottest strife, man who desired to test which of his three sons loved And from the grave hereafter will awake thee; him the most. He sent them out to see which of the
I am the Resurrection and the Life." three would bring him the most valuable present. “He is not dead”_hearken, 0 mourner, weeping The three sons met in a distant city and compared The loss of one who has been called awaythe gifts they had found. The first had a carpet on
"He is not dead, but sleeping, sweetly sleeping, which he could transport himself and others whither
And I will raise him up at the last day.' soever he would. The second had a medicine which Thine eyes shall see the King in all His beauty," would cure any disease. The third had a glass in Among the sweetest of its notes is this; which he could see what was going on at any place It cheers the fleeting round of daily duty
With the bright prospect of eterpal bliss ! he might name. The third used his glass to see what was going on at home; he saw his father ill in bed. Thus on and on, until our course be ended, The first transported all three to their home on his In every circunıstance, where'er we roam, carpet. The second administered the medicine and Its heavenly notes with earth's sad wailings blended, saved his father's life. The perplexity of the father
The music of the Gospel leads us home.”
-The London Christian. when he had to decide which son's gift had been of the most value to him, illustrates very fairly the difficulty of saying whether land, labor or capital is FEEBLE is the tie of blood in the veins by the side most essential to production.-E..
of love in the heart.
Immediately after the poon intermission the reci. LOCAL INFORMATION.
tions and readings of the children and others were in
order, and many good selections were well rendered, A SYMPATHETIC interest will be felt by many affording much pleasure to those assembled ; after Friends in the following brief mention of what must which there was a question considered as to the suffihave been a toilsome visit
, performed by our friend ciency of our libraries to meet the wants of the chilJonathan W. Plummer, of Chicago, Ill., to the mem- dren; an earnest desire was expressed that we should bers of his own Quarterly Meeting:
be careful to place interesting, instructive books in " I returned Second-day Third month 23d, from the hands of our children, and not let a false economy what has been an arduous trip among our meetings of this Quarter, owing largely to the inclement of temptation by leaving them to look for reading
or any other reason, throw our children in the way weather. “ The last two weeks the work had to be done by which there are so many publications constantly
matter, and liable to choose the trashy literature of walking, the roads being practically impassible for
issued. teams or even horses under saddle. Ninety families
There was consideration of the needs of visiting by have been visited and twenty seven meetings attended, committee or voluntary, and while schools were enincluding appointments at dwellings, but pot family couraged to report to the Business Committee any I
cause of weakness that might exist, still it was more life among the younger element as well as the thought that general visiting might be left to friends older, and with many not members but living in our if they would be careful to neglect no call of duty in neighborhoods, and yet the difficulty of changing this direction. We were pleased to have visitors from what is, to what is needed, seems very great in almost other Unions, among
whom were Isaac C. Martindale, every meeting. The incubus of habit is to break through for every class
, and while an ordi- Emily C. Atkinson, Edmund Webster, Joshua Janney
and others. nary meeting may be spiritless and discouraged, the
At about four o'clock, adjourned to meet at Mans. same per: ons gathered into a house-meeting seem ten- field the second Seventh-day, in Sixth mo. next. P. dered and united in close fellowship.”
How the hearts of the isolated ones must have been cheered, and how thankful we all should feel that
THE LIBRARY. there are still those, like the venerated ones of olden times, ready to forego present comfort to carry the Stories of the Old World. In the series of " Classics gospel message of good cheer to the scattered ones of for Children" comes a book from the pen of A. J. our people.
H. Church, which tells satisfactorily and briefly five of
the ancient narratives which reach back into the cloud-land of history. Under the care of the judicious
and learned teacher we believe this will be a book of A FRIEND from Easton, N. Y., writes :
real value to the young, and we should not hesitate “Our First-day school and meeting is prospering to to put it directly into the hands of children. The a truly gratifying extent. No weather too inclement, story of the Argo; The Story of Thebes ; The Story nor snow-drifts too high to prevent our gathering of Troy; The Adventures of Ulysses, and The AdvenThose who have never before been connected with tures of Æneas. Ginn, Heath & Co. are the pubany meeting, now come regularly and bring their en- lishers. tire flock of little ones; in some cases the distance is quite great, too.
FROM Appleton & Co. come a companion pair of Frequently the ‘spoken word' is not heard, but at children's reading books, entitled Book of Cats and the close of our meetings, the cordial shake of the Dogs, and Friends in Feathers and Fur, and other hand betokens that our silent gatherings are produc- Neighbors for Young Folks. By James Johonnet. tive of spiritual strength.
The illustrations are excellent. " It was remarked the other evening by an elderly FROM Clark & Maynard, Publishers, N. Y., comes a person, that never before had this community taken treatise on Physiology and Hygiene, which is adapted such a deep interest in searching the Scriptures, and to the use of schools. This work carefully explains looking after spiritual things. I am sure Friends will the physiological effects of Tobacco, Opium, and Alcobe glad to learn this."
hoi, quoting the best authorities. It is from the pen of
Joseph C. Hutchinson, M. D. BURLINGTON First-day School Union held at Mt.
FROM the press of Porter & Coates we have received Holly, Third month 14th, 1885.
Doris and Theodora. By Margaret Vandegrift. This According to our usual order of business, written is a story of the island of Santa
Cruz at the time of the reports from
all the schools, viz., Trenton, Crosswicks, slave insurrection. We consider the style good, and Mansfield, Upper Springfield Mount, and Mt. Holly, interest and hold the reader, and appears to us to be
there is enough unity and consistence to the plot to were read and a verbal report given from Rancocas, a harmless, and to some extent, an instructive book. showing a fair attendance and encouraging condition. We especially approve the interesting and expressive
The report from Trenton school brought about pictures that illustrate this work. some discussion on the question of uniting school and Words; their Use and Abuse. By Wm. Matthews. meeting in a closer relationship; that it was advisa- We find this book of 500. pages very readable and ble for the welfare of both organizations was gene- quite instructive, and it will engage the attention of rally conceded, although it was thought by some that
of S. C. Griggs & Co., Chicago. there was more strength likely to come to the meeting from such uniting of the school than could be Politics. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. There is no sub
Congressional Government: A Study of American given in return. Delegates from all the schools ject that can more appropriately engage the attention responded to their names.
of the young American citizen, than the study of the
practical workings of the system of government under
CURRENT EVENTS. which we live. The author quotes John Adams in his letter to John Taylor, in 1814.
" Is there,” says Adams, " a constitution upon record more complicated Domestic.-Among the nominations sent in by with balances than ours? In the first place eighteen President Cleveland to the United States Senate were States and some Territories are balanced against the the following: national authority. In the second place, the House To be Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenof Representatives is balanced against the Senate, the ipotentiary of the United States : Senate against the House. In the third place the
Edward J. Phelps, of Vermont, to Great Britain. executive authority is, in some degree, balanced
Robert M. McLane, of Maryland, to France. against the Legislative. In the fourth place, the judi- George H. Pendleton, of Ohio, to Germany. cial power is balanced against the House, the Senate, Heury R. Jackson, of Georgia, to Mexico. the executive power, and the State governments. In
A DISPATCH from Arkansas City, Kansas, speaks of the fifth place, the Senate is balanced against the the continued suffering of Nez Perces Tribe of Indians. President in all appointments to office, and in all They are to be transferred immediately from their treaties.
In the sixth place, the people hold present reservation in Indian Territory, where they in their hands the balance against their own repre- are dying by the score, to their old reservation in sentatives, by biennial elections. In the seventh Idaho. Chief Joseph is much broken, and it is preplace the legislatures of the several States are balanced dicted that even if his tribe reach their old home beagainst the Senate by sextennial elections. In the fore the weather sets in he cannot live long to enjoy it. eighth place, the electors are balanced against the people in the choice of the President. Here is a com
THE condition of the country's foreign trade is inplicated refinement of balances, which, for anything dicated by the imports and exports of last week at the I recollect, is an invention of our own, and peculiar port of New York. The latter showed an increase of to us."
$100,000, and the former a decrease of about $5,000,000 The power of the Federal judicial authority has compared with the corresponding period of last year. grown more and more vigorous with the generations, A gain in both directions. while the “States Rights" have decreased in their
THE opinion of the Supreme Court in the Mormon potency. The growth of federal activity has kept Appeal, declares the Edmunds' act to be constitutional. pace with the growth of nationality of sentiment; The Court announces that the Territories are the and this sentiment was largely the result of the civil property of the Government, and therefore Con
gress bas full power to enact any laws regulating The federal judiciary is now seen to be the only political privileges, provided civil, personal and prieffectual balanče-wheel of the whole system, and Con- vate rights are not interfered with. gress may coerce the Supreme Court by the creation of additional justiceships, or it may forestall an ad- We have reports of great suffering in Braxton, Gil
Α. verse decision by summarily depriving the Court of more and Calhoun counties, West Virginia. jurisdiction over the case pending. Manifestly, the traveler through that region states that, "a few days power of the Courts is safe only during seasons of travel in the counties named has proven the destitupolitical peace.
tion and suffering to be indescribable. In many He perceives that the Presidential power and influ-localities the people are on the verge of death by ence declines as the power of Congress becomes pre- starvation. The stock is no better off than the peodominant.
ple, and animals are dying for the want of food. The
In This work is from the pen of Woodrow Wilson, of suffering is great in Roene and Jackson counties. Johns Hopkins University; and will greatly interest some sections of the stricken district the people are all who are curiously or anxiously watchful of the subsisting on beans, and gruel is made of wheat workings of our complicated governmental system. ground in coffee mills. The greatest suffering exists The New York Tribune believes “ The inost import- in parts isolated from towns and railroads where ant and most interesting part of the book is a descrip. supplies cannot be gotten. All through the section tion of the system of law making by committees. named the crops are short, and the suffering is beThe business of the House of Representatives is dis- yond the comprehension of those who have not tributed among forty-seven standing committees, and traveled through the mountainous region.”' the operation of the rules is such that the forty-seven chairmen have practical control of all bills. Legis- Post Office Department has received inquiries from
A SPECIAL despatch from Washington says: The lation is thus shifted from the floor of the House to all quarters as to the new legislation in the Post Office the privacy of the committee-rooms; party responsi- Appropriation Bill. It was not possible on account bility is taken away by the representation of both of the work done in conference to ascertain what the parties on every committee; and party vigor is made changes as to postage were until the bill bad been impossible by the lack of concert aniong the forty- officially printed. A certified copy of the bill furnished seven chairmen, each of whom is in fact anxious to by the State Department has just been received from promote his own bills at the cost of all others. The the Government printer. The following are the imanomalies and defects of this curious system have portant changes which will take effect on Seventh been pointed out before."
The Tribune also month 1st : insists that the system of government, devised by our fathers, needs no defence, since every competent politi
First-The weight of all single-rate letters is increased from cal student must acknowledge it to be the only one-half of an ounce each or fraction thereof to one ounce each
or fraction thereof. The same increase of weight is allowed system which could hold this country together. The
for drop letters, whether mailed at stations where there is a consideration of the questions brought before us in this little book will work no injury to our people, and free delivery or where carrier service is not established.
Second-All newspapers sent from the office of publication, , perhaps lead to such needful amendments of the Constitution as may tend to perfect that instrument and including sample copies, or when sent from a news agency to
actual subscribers thereto, or to other news agents, shall be keep it in harmony with the just demands of our
entitled to transmission at the rate of one cent per pound or times.
fraction thereof, the postage to be prepaid. This is a reduc
tion of one-half from existing rates. IMPENETRABLE are the veils which, fortunately for
Third-Any article in a newspaper or other publication may
be marked for observation except by written or printed words, us all, are forever held by viewless hands between us
without increase of postage. and the nearest and closest of our daily compan
Fourth--A special stamp of the value of ten cents may be ions.-H. H.
issued which, when attached to a letter, in addition to the