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No. 8.




The Past and Present of the Society of Friends.........
In Memoriam....

Anna Miller.....

115 AT PUBLICATION OFFICE, No. 1020 AROH STREET. Happiness a Habit



Colored Labor at the South.
Paid Ministry, Human Greatness.

117 The Paper is issued every week. Educational.......

118 The Forty-SECOND VOLUME commenced on the 14th of Correspoudence

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Editorials: Forbearance-The Moral Law and the Spiritual. 120

121 Deaths.......................



Women in Business.........

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Poetry: A Water Lily-The Music of tbe Gospel.......

125 AGENTS :-EDWIN BLACKBURN, Baltimore, Md. Local Information...

126 JOSEPH S. COHU, New York. The Library.

126 BENJ. STRATTAN, Richmond, Ind. Current Events.

127 Items...

128 Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Penna., as second


128 class matter.

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been to call back to the original ground of faith and THE PAST AND PRESENT OF THE SOCIETY OF hope, and to develop a deeper and fuller spiritual FRIENDS.

life in the church. It was rather what might be

termed the spiritual outcome of the efforts of centuThe increasing interest manifested of late among ries preceding his time, when the claims of the clergy all classes of our religious Society, growing out of the and the rites and ceremonies of worship which had efforts, through instruction in First-day schools, to grown oppressive were attacked, and a return to the acquaint the children of Friends with the principles simplicity of the Gospel as taught by Christ and his and testimonies that are the foundation stones of the apostles was sought after. Society, seems to call for a brief review of the origin The attempt to give these rites a wholly spiritual of Friends and the formation of the rules of Disci- significance had been nowhere made. Believers still pline by which they are governed.

symbolized the new birth, the cleansing from sin, the In the preparation of the present paper, nothing putting off the old man with his deeds” and the more is attempted than a mere outline. The true putting on of Christ, by the act of outward baptism; history of the "People called Quakers” has never they kneeled at the altar, or sat around “the table yet been given to the world. When its biographer of the Lord,” and partook of “the emblems ” of his stands forth equipped with all the powers of research broken body and his spilled blood, and felt in this and investigation that the liberal culture of the age compliance with the letter of the command, “this do offers to the youth amongst us, and baptized into the in remembrance of me,” they fulfilled the law of same spirit that inspired its first apostles, a history Christ, and showed their allegiance to him. will be written worthy a place among the sacred But the "obscuring veil of human tradition could classics of all future time.

not wholly prevent the secret operations of spiritual The work that George Fox entered upon was life in the mind of man.” At a period when the reformatory rather than revolutionary. Like the Church and State were greatly agitated by the specuMaster whom he served, his first labor was among lations of differing religious teachers and by the those already in the bosom of the church, and sub-intrigues of different political parties, the Society of ject to its disciplinary care, and it may of a truth be Friends arose, but the combined efforts of both could said of him, as was said of his Master, "he came to not repress the arising and the consolidation into a his own,” his brethren according to the flesh," and Society, when it became evident that the work called his own received him not." There appears no trace for, could not be carried on in the religious organizain the earlier labors of Friends of a disposition to tions then existing. organize a new sect; the only desire seems to have It was a reformation of that reformation so nobly begun by the Lollards and the Waldenses in the Church, whose efforts would have been of little earlier time, and continued by Luther, Zwingle, Cal. avail had there not been a people prepared of the vin, Wickliff and the sturdy Scotchman John Knox, Lord and waiting, as were Simeon and Anna, at the of whom it is said, he taught the peasant of his advent of the Messiah, for “ the consolation of Israel." native heath," that he was a free man, the equal in These waiting ones were found wherever the witnesses the sight of God with the proudest peer or prelate for the religion that reaffirmed the Divine indwellthat had trampled upon his forefathers.'

ing and the vanity of all external ceremonies, went The work accomplished by these great lights of forth with their simple message. the reformation was preparatory to that which was And, taking counsel from the past, we shall find to follow, and made possible the acceptance of a deep, that as the knowledge of God and our relation to inward, spiritual faith which recognized all outward him widens and spreads, new unfoldings of truth must forms as symbols of the purification of soul which be witnessed. We still see " as through a glass must be known and experienced by every true darkly;" the mists and vapors of the past must conbeliever.

tinue to cloud the vision of the great multitude who When it became necessary that those who were by various ways are seeking for the light, but the convinced of the truth through the preaching of progress is onward and upward, and it is for us to George Fox and his coadjutors should band together carry on that which was so wortbily begun. Walkfor mutual help and growth in spiritual things, meeting in the same light that illumined the pathway of ings were set up, and as the needs of the new organi- our predecessors and made clear to them their duty zation became apparent, rules and regulations were and their opportunity, let us not be unmindful that adopted that in time crystalized into a book of Dis- the work they continued and carried up to higher cipline.

levels has unexplored possibilities yet to be reached ; But unlike every other offshoot of the Christian neither let us mar the work by undue reverence for, Church-rather I might affirm, true to the example and insistence upon the letter of what was " written set by Jesus--no written creed was formulated, the aforetime." It had its place with those to whom it gospel was received in the love that it breathed forth, was given and remains a precious heirloom to future as free and untrammeled as when its holy maxims generations, not leading backward to the glory that were first proclaimed from the hilltops of Galilee, is past, but calling ever to the great throbbing heart and beside the blue waters of its storm-tossed lake. of the now, to " leave the things that are behind,”

It is well for us to gather home to this first prin- and press forward for the mark of the prize that is in ciple of our Society, that we may properly appreciate Christ Jesus, whose coming in the soul makes "all the far-sighted wisdom and clear judgment of its things new.”

L. J. R. inspired leaders.

The passport to Christian fellowship was individual convincement of the light of divine grace, the spirit

IN MEMORIAM. of Christ in every believer, manifested by a life corresponding to its pure and holy teaching.

(WILLIAM GRISCOM. No theory of religion founded upon individual judgment was formulated, the conscience of each one As we realize that link after link is being severed, was left unfettered in the development of views which connects the present with the past generation respecting faith and belief, and only when the life of men and women Friends who were faithful valifailed to correspond to the precepts of religion ants as standard-bearers in our Religious Society, and morality was care extended in the spirit of re- the query may well go forth from some of our hearts, storing love for "the welfare and help of all." “Who shall show us any good ?” to whom shall we

William Penn, in his preface to George Fox's go for counsel and instruction ? who now shall tell Journal, clearly sets forth this subject. He says : us of the good old way in which our forefathers “They distinguish between imposing any practice walked, and consistently upheld our many valuable that immediately regards faith or worship (which is testimonies? The answer readily comes : "The same never to be done, nor suffered or submitted unto), power which led them safely can also lead us indiand requiring Christian compliance with those meth- vidually in the path of peace.” We know it ; but, ods that only respect church business in its more civil in regard to the concerns of Society, its disciplinary part and concern, and that regard the discreet and transactions, and the weight and depth of mind orderly maintenance of the character of the Society which were formerly brought to bear upon important as a sober and religious community.”

proceedings, where may we look for a true and living Thus we see the discipline of the Society was "not exemplification of the wisdom which once characto interfere with the faith of its members but to super- terized our religious body? intend its practice.” It was an outward rule by These thoughts have again and again arisen in which irregularities in conduct and deportment were contemplating the recent removal of several of our to be judged, not in the spirit of austerity, but in the valued Friends, who have long stood as watchmen restoring power of the love and meekness of the gos- on the walls of our Zion,” and whose exercised spirpel, which seeks that which is lost," the care of the its have long borne a burden of responsibility on bewhole body" acting on itself to regain and preserve, half of the whole heritage. Of this number we have and so hedge in the membership that none might esteemed our dear friend, William Griscom, the rec“stray from the fountain of Christian strength.” ord of whose death appeared in the issue of Friends' We

e err when we try to separate the reformation of Intelligencer dated Second mo. 14th, 1885. the earlier time from the work of the fathers of our Trained from his youth to understand the princi

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ples and testimonies held by our Religious Society, “My desire for thee is, that thou may be faiththey became to him as cherished blessings, which led ful to thy calling-watching, carefully waiting for him along safely through the chequered path of life. the arising life-for the flow of water, pure from the

He was one of the few remaining types of ancestral fountain. Those who partake of this will want no simplicity in its various revealings. Averse to for- other, because it is refreshing, nourishing even unto mality and outward show, his course through life Life eternal; which is, to know the only true God was peculiarly plain and straightforward, and ad- and his son Jesus Christ whom He hath sent. The mirably adapted to the emergencies of existing occa- Society of Friends was not organized as a philansions.

thropic or benevolent society, but as a religious Gifted with talents for extensive usefulness, he was society.-" The religious Society of Friends. Their much employed in his earlier life in the discharge of religion was that of Jesus Christ of Nazareth "—that important obligations connected with the welfare of God is a spirit and must be worshiped in spirit and our religious organization. The hospitalities of his in truth; hence Friends felt themselves called, when home were freely tendered to those traveling in the assembled for Divine Worship, to be still, and in service of truth, and very frequently he was the close silence to wait upon the Lord for the influence of companion and armor-bearer of messengers sent by His holy Spirit to solemnize their minds. Under the Master to visit the meetings and sometimes the this influence ofttimes, testimony was borne publicly families composing them. For this service we believe to its presence as the Gospel of Christ, the power of he was peculiarly qualified. In later years, increas- God unto Salvation. The testimony of George Fox ing bodily infirmities caused him to be much con- was, that the grace of God brought salvation, and fined at home, yet he was ever ready to welcome his nothing else did-teaching the denying of all unfriends, many of whom sought his counsel and ac- godliness and the world's lusts, that we should live cepted his clear discriminating judgment with com- soberly, righteously and Godly--that we could do this fort and edification.

by obedience to this teaching, and all we can do for His accurate, retentive memory enabled him often others as to their soul's welfare, is to call them to this. to reproduce the details of important events and “To my mind, thy testimony when I last heard thee transactions in the Society, which were not only in- was in accordance with this truth. I felt unity with teresting, but valuable as landmarks, inspiring the thy exercise and sympathy with thee, and a concern feeling that he was indeed ofttimes an oracle to be that thou be faithful, careful and watchful. I desire relied upon for advice, information and encourage that we be not anxious to have preaching, but yet

ever glad to receive the spoken word when it comes His

very earnest concern for the welfare and per. in the life and under the influence of the Gospel of petuity of our Religious Society, upon its original Christ, the anointing power. When the lips are ground, caused him often to feel discouraged, and to touched as with a live coal from off His holy altar, weep as it were between the porch and the altar, in let us be faithful in delivering the message. It is the view of the tendency apparent in some to lightly es. same voice that spoke unto the patriarchs, prophets teem and even discard some of its wholesome rules, and holy men of old, through the ages that are past, its distinguishing views and restrictive regulations. that now speaks unto us; and it remains as in On these accounts his sensitive mind suffered much, the outward inanifestation of Christ, “ The Father and when ability was afforded he endeavored to pro- worketh hitherto, and I work ;” “I can of mine own mote a right course of action, according to the en- self do nothing." As the Lord spake unto Moses so lightened judgment given him. If, on some of these He continues to speak to those who serve Himoccasions, with his firm and uncompromising convic-“Behold I send an Angel before thee to keep thee in tions, he was deemed by some to be too strenuous the way, and to bring thee into the place which I and decisive in urging his views, yet those who fully have prepared. . . . Thy Friend, WM. GRISCOM." understood him could willingly accord a large de

After a painful illness of several days he calmly gree of sincerity and religious concern as his actuat- and peacefully laid down the burden of life, leaving

the conviction on the minds of survivors that his He was for many years an Elder in high esteem, day's work was accomplished in the daytime, and he and he regarded the position as one of deep respon is graciously gathered as a redeemed spirit, fully presibility. Most especially was he exercised in regard pared for the joys of the Heavenly mansion. to the watchfulness necessary that those appointed to the service should seek for a right qualification to

Third month, 1885. extend tender care, and unite in harmonious labor for the preservation and encouragement of a true,

ANNA MILLER. living Gospel ministry amongst us. On these points, his labors with his friends and his interest waned

(AGED EIGHTY-TWO.) not, even when unable to assemble with them at the accustomed seasons for public social worship.

It is very desirable that some memorial testimony The subjoined extract from a letter of recent date, to the value and beauty of a life of true excellence addressed to an exercised mind, portrays the con- should be preserved to after times, and we earnestly cern and sympathy which filled his heart for those welcome the good words which come to us from those who believe they are called to be mouthpiece for the nearest and dearest to Anna Miller of Alexandria, Lord in the assemblies of the people, and there are Virginia. many who cau bear testimony to the value of his This dear friend, while fulfilling all common duties counsel in this direction.

of life with complete faithfulness, and thus shedding

ing motive.

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For Friends' Intelligencer.


joy along the pathway of a long and active life, was

HAPPINESS A HABIT. one who is believed to have been in very truth a consistent Friend in the highest sense, a com- EVERY permanent state of mind is largely the effect forter to the afflicted, a helper to the weak, a revealer of habit. Just as we can perform an action so continuof divine mysteries to the troubled, a conservator of ally that it comes to be habitual, so we can encourevery heavenly virtue, beloved of God and of man. age conditions of mind till they, too, come to be “Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of habits of thinking and even of feeling. Every his saints” (Ps. cxvi, 15.). The Psalmist of old could thoughtful parent or teacher recognizes this in the also declare these just beatitudes : “Blessed are the training of youth. The child constantly thwarted or undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the scolded or ridiculed has constantly aroused within him Lord. Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, feelings of resentment or discouragement or misery, and that seek him with the whole heart.” (Ps. cxix, i and these grow to be habitual, and a character for and 2.)

ill-tem per or moroseness or despondency is formed. On the other hand, the child who is wisely treated,

whose faculties are brought into action, who is encourDied in Alexandria, Virginia, on Second-day after- aged to do well, who is surrounded with cheerful faces noon, the twenty-third of the Second month, Anna and orderly arrangements, becomes accustomed to Miller, widow of the late Robert H. Miller, in the corresponding habits of thought and feeling. The eighty-third year of her age.

exercise of self-control, of truthfulness, of honesty, It seems but fitting that some mention should be and other essential qualities, not only result in habitmade in this paper of about the last member of that ual actions of the same nature, but in habitual feelmeeting whose old records are freighted with the names ings or states of mind that induce those actions. So of Edward and Mary Stabler, Phineas and Abija the condition which call happiness likewise Janney and their faithful wives, Benjamin and quired to a considerable degree. It involves within it Margaret Hallowell

, and many others equally worthy many things, but they are not impossible to secure; though probably less widely known. Anna Miller and, when we have discovered them, it rests with us was from first to last, through her long life a con.

to encourage or to discourage them. Happiness is sistent Friend, attending meeting as long as there not only a privilege, but a duty not a mere outward was a meeting there, whenever her frail health would good that may perhaps come to us, but an inward permit, and literally when there would be but the possession which we are bound to attain. When we a two or three gathered together.” She was, indeed, remember the contagious character of happiness, the

two or three gathered together.” She was, indeed, strength, courage, and hope it excites by its very one whom to know was to love! gospel of peace.” Her character was a rare combi- presence and the power for good it exerts in every nation of strength and sweetness, of force and gentle- direction, we cannot doubt our obligation to attain as ness. She was tender, patient

, quietly cheerful, “ be much of it as is possible.—- Philadelphia Ledger. . the day dark or bright," and her crowning characteristic was love! She left behind her eleven children,

COLORED LABOR AT THE SOUTH. nine of whom followed her to her last resting-place, her life never having been darkened by that shadow Here are some good words for the noble educa“which is as long as life's journey, and as broad as tional work of our friend Martha Schofield, at Aiken, the Universe, and yet but the shadow of a little S. C., from the pen of A. D. Mays, in the Christian grave.” Her son-in-law, H. C. H., says of her, “ If Register. He describes “A Southern Factory Villives are measured by wide-spread influence, few lage," the village of Grametville, Aiken county, have been more valuable than hers. The atmosphere S.C., midway between Columbia, S.C.

, and Augusta, of love that ever surrounded her and that seemed as Ga. He believes the true policy of the Southern natural as the air she breathed, purified and benefitted manufacturer is to use the colored people for factory all who came within its influence. She taught by labor, and adds: “There are plenty of old-fashioned her example the important lesson of unfailing indus- people who stoutly maintain that the negro can never try; her hands were never idle when it was possible be made a good operative or mechanic, but one day's for them to be employed, seeking ever to add to the visit at the Schofield Colored School, in Aiken, will comfort and happiness of others.

open the eyes of the most stubborn doubter. For here these children and youth are not only getting a good education, in an excellent school, but are

taught in the shops, sewing-rooms and printing-office Than what her kindly hands have done."

to do thorough work as carpenters, shoemakers and

dressmakers, and the bandsomest printing of a hotel She expressed herself often in her last sickness as bill of fare we have lately seen is turned out from 'greatly favored, and as having so much to be this office, for the great Highland Park House, in thankful for. Her close was as serene and peaceful | Aiken. People everywhere are opening their eyes to as her life. Her calm and beautiful countenance the conyiction that when the Almighty creates a bedeath but sanctified; a life's loveliness seemed stamped ing incapable of education, He places it by birth upon it. We believe fully that as spring will soon outside the human category; and that, when He clothe again with beauty the cold and dreary land- concludes to launch a man upon the eternities, He scape, so she has but passed through death to life,' endows this new child with all the powers, capaciand is now rejoicing in the sunlight of celestial ties, aspirations and possibilities needful for a son or love."

C. H. M. daughter of the most high God."

A simple grace, a fine, sweet face,
That marked her good as she was fair,
No other monument she needs

For Friends' Intelligencer,


Reasoning synthetically, one arrives at the concluPAID MINISTRY.

sion, that this outcome in man is his best argument

in defence of the fundamental doctrine of the Divine E. K. H., a subscriber, who for many years has indwelling, for what we may well inquire, enables been a constant reader of Friends' Intelligencer, writes of his interest in the various articles relating to the man to understand, and make his own, the secrets of

a of

that created him. its columns, and gives what appears to him to be one

As we contemplate the capability of mind in a of the strongest arguments against the system of pay- given direction, and study its development in the ing for the services of a minister.

fullness, as exhibited by one individual, we discover Our friend says, in substance : “ In order to arrive the possibilities of the race in that direction. It is at correct conclusions it is necessary to consider man in the threefold nature by which he sustains relations given us to witness these abnormal instances of power with the visible world and with that which belongs have some conception of the height to which skill

in every department of human effort, that we may to the spiritual life. While he is under the dominion and earnest, persistent endeavor may attain, and be of that which is animal or outward, his intercourse stimulated to greater and truer desire for knowledge. socially is under the government of law, which points

The fact that one man has attained great excelout and makes manifest what may and what may not lence and ability in a given direction is an impulse be done, and this is the most critical period of his and inducement to the whole race. Happily the life. When our Heavenly Father graciously

conde days are fast passing away when the conqueror on scends to illuminate the spiritual vision by His free the battle-field, amid blood and carnage was the grace, which teaches all things, we are brought under world's highest exemplar of human power. the alone redeeming principle,—the means He has and more the fields of struggle and enduring courinstituted to awaken in us a sense of our needs, and to show us what we are capable of attaining to. age, that make a name and a fame for the conqueror,

are found in the arena of the world's peaceful indusHenceforth we are members of His Church, and as tries, and that which brings the most comfort and long as we are faithful, we have an unerring guide, happiness to the greatest number constitutes his and need not that any man teach us.

crowning glory. “Jesus' mission on earth seems to have been, accord

It matters little what or whence the origin of him ing to his own declaration, to restore this truth, for he whom the world honors. He may have been cradled says, 'I came to seek and to save that which was lost.' in a manger, as was He of whom it is written,

“Now we hold this divine gift in earthen vessels, and ministers, as well as others, are liable to forget first seen the light in a cabin of poverty and want, if

never man spake as this man;" his eyes may have this fact, and so lose sight of their guide. Should the propelling force inheres it can no more be put such a misfortune overtake one who ministers under down and kept under, than can the pent-up energy with the hireling system, the temptation to continue in which nature is ever working her miracles of awe the office would be stronger because of the pecuniary and wonder. reward upon which his means of a livelihood de

And this fact should put to shame the paltry efpended.”

forts to maintain class distinctions and hereditary This point made by E. K. H. is a strong one. greatness. Our Supreme Ruler sets his seal of conThere are instances constantly occurring in every demnation upon any claim that one man may have branch of the Christian Church, where a paid minis

over another, by this evidence of superiority founded try exists, in which men have mistaken their calling upon the inhering qualities of heart and brain. Some have the courage of their convictions, and turn Small indeed, and very frail are the barriers with to other means for obtaining a living; but it is a which society separates itself from the common herd, soare, and the true minister must feel at times that and very small do those make themselves who say it is a hindrance in the presentation of the gospel, “stand thou here, while we go up to the high places which its early promulgators declared was without of popular esteem.” Even as they move onward to money and without price. "Freely ye have received, the seats of honor he upon whom they have turned freely give," was the injunction of the Master. Let their backs, outstrips them in the glory of great all who speak in his name bear this in mind.

achievement and takes his seat among the heroes that have blessed mankind.

In the first uprising of the religious thought that HUMAN GREATNESS.

now dominates the civilized world, it was revealed

to the boldest of its apostles to declare "What God Second only to the wonder and admiration called has cleansed that call thou not commou or unclean. forth, as the vast resources of nature are opened up What so susceptible of the cleansing power of the to the perception of man, is the power which he pos- Majesty of heaven, as the soul into which was sesses to utilize and make his own, whatever there breathed His own divine breath. How

How poor indeed is in these forces that can minister to his comfort, his are all our worldly distinctious and how unworthy convenience or his pleasure. This holds good in the the being created in His image.”

R. entire realm of thought and endeavor, and the promise of the tempter, to the first historic pair as they looked wistfully upon the fruit of the tree of knowl- “It is a world of sacred mysteries, and its Creator edge “Ye shall be as Gods," seems to approach ful- only knows what lies beneath the surface of His lightfillment.

est image."The Battle of Life.

For Friends' Intelligencer.

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