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relations with our Heavenly Father, and at the same time to be entirely true to our dependent relations

one to another as an organized Society, is to put in PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MO. 14, 1885.

practice the full meaning of “Friend.” Independence It is generally conceded that anything to which of one's fellow men and of the affairs of life, carried we give our undivided attention prospers at our

to an extreme, produces the recluse, the visionary hands. And this applies equally to religious or- and impractical dreamer whose introverted mind, ganizations. In proportion as we individually give the fruits of the Spirit ; and yet the character which

dwelling always among the clouds does not produce our whole allegiance to the church of our choice love it and work for its growth, in so much its does not possess a share of the “ life which is hid strength increases. We look upon the church or

with Christ in God” has not built upon the Rock ganization as next to the family interest and in this which is the sure foundation. In all designs for the we see our duty clear. We watch over it lovingly,

advancement of our Society, we must ever keep in are quick to see wherein we can benefit it so that its

view the spirituality of our profession, and we should beloved inmates may be made healthier and happier. not fail to present the idea that until there has been In our visits away from it our attachment to it is

an apprehension of those truths which are only reoften strengthened and we gladly return perchance

vealed to the inmost understanding we are not in the with some new thought to be moulded into com.

full sense, Friends. How easily each one of us can

call pleteness for the improvement of its sacred domain.

up in mental vision an example of this comSo in a similar way should we show our alle

bined, or we might say dual, existence; one whose giance to our Society. First seek earnestly to know bands were ever ready to help others, whose heart if it is the right fold into which we are gathered, and was open to sympathize with all human woes, whose

counsel and advice showed a mind capable of workthen give it of our best service.

If it is to be helpful to us in leading us to a larger ing for general good, and yet whose spirit dwelt apart and fuller acquaintance with the Divine Spirit it has in a higher realm and thereby gave to his human a just claim to our steadfast allegiance. Like Paul nature a glow of heavenly light. beseeching his followers to "hold fast the profession Complete as we feel such a character to be and of our faith without wavering," so should we, that greatly to be desired we know it is not attainable in we may grow and flourish as a people and be worthy a day. Until the perfect day dawns what good use of the blessing promised to the faithful.

shall we make of the twilight hours? While we

" tarry at Jerusalem” waiting to be "endued with “ FRIENDS."-As believers in immediate com- power from on high" what can we engage in to promunion with the Father of Spirits we must recognize fit? Evidently to exercise the gifts which we possess, our independence of one another. In the silence of is the wise thing to do; occupy the share of underour worship each one may uninterruptedly seek that standing that we have until the Christ shall come, food which his soul needs, and the spirit ,may with when if he opens greater duties before us, and wider draw to commune with that source of strength which as well as different fields of usefulness we shall not is not far from every one of us; these are moments be less able to work than if we had waited inactively of exaltation in which life as it may be is set before for his appearing. And those who have attained us, when a holy pattern is shown us that may be in the mountain tops of clear vision, how fervent they wrought upon the common duties and pleasures of should be to aid the inexperienced who are faithlife and thus harmonize them with a pure ideal. fully doing the duty that is shown them,-let not a This is the sacred upper chamber whither the soul spirit which says “it is naught” chill an earnest may fly and to which no other can be admitted ; endeavor. Surely in the Society of Friends the inhere is obtained the bread that never fails and the experienced need the counsel of the experienced; water that is always sure. This spiritual bread those who have not yet received sight need the guidstrengthens us for action, and action brings us down ing hand of those who walk as in the noonday sun; amongst our friends and fellow laborers where we the children in knowledge need instruction, and "to may put to service that which we have freely re- prepare the way of the Lord” is the high privilege ceived; here we are no longer independent, but of those who have attained unto wisdom. Helping mutually dependent. Friends, we call ourselves, each other, mutually dependent as members of an implying in our very name the obligation of being organization, may we, while differing in services prehelpful to one another.

serve throughout our whole body the unity of the To allow full liberty to our independent spiritual spirit, and be in reality as in name, Friends.

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Crosswicks, N.J., Elizabeth, daughter of Charles and the late Phébe Jackson Satterthwait, aged 42; a mem

ber of Chesterfield Monthly Meeting, N. J. THOMAS-RICHARDSON.-At the residence of the bride's father, Wilmington, Del., by Friends'

WHITE.--On Sixth-day, First month 23d, 1885, in ceremony, Seymour Preston Thomas, of New York West Caln, Mary, wife of Thomas White, in her 78th city, son of Dr. William W. and Beulah P.

h P. Thomas, year. of Wilmington, Del., and Susan Woolston, daughter WICKERSHAM.-On Third-day morning, First of George and the late Sarah W. Richardson.

month 13th, 1885, in Parkesburg, Pa., Preston Wick

ersham, aged 64 years. WING-REMINGTON.-On Second mo. 3d, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents, by Friends'

WILKINS.-On Second mo. 4th, 1885, near Medceremony, Dr. Stephen Rogers Wing, of Pernambuco, ford, N. J., Thomas Wilkins, Sr., in his 83d year. Brazil, son of Stephen R. and Elizabeth C. Wing, of Sandwich, Barnstable co., Mass., and Lydia, daughter of John C. and Margaret S. Remington, of Phila

"Mark the perfect man and behold the upright, for the end delphia.

of that man is peace."

WILLIAM T. COCKS, one of our most useful and exDEATHS.

emplary Friends, has been called from our midst to

receive the reward of a well-spent life. We feel his ASH.--On Second month 3d, 1885, in West Caln loss as only one so worthy could be felt, but he left a township, Chester co., Phineas Ash, in his 81st year. bright example of a true Christian life which will BUDD.-On Twelfth mo. 28th, 1884, at Mt. Holly,

long be remembered. N. J., Achsah J. Budd.

Of a cheerful disposition, conscientious, kindly na

ture, faithful in the performance of duty, ever ready CHEVINGTON.-On Twelfth mo. 8th, 1884, at the to extend a helping hand to the unfortunate, he was residence of his son-in-law, Enoch Kester, Judah loved and respected by all who knew him. Chevington, in the 84th year of his age.

He had not a birthright among Friends, but conELDRIDGE.-On Seventh-day morning, First mo.

vinced in early life of their Christian principles, he 18th, 1885, in West Chester, Pa., Reuben Eldridge, in was a consistent member and worker for more than his 84th year.

fifty years. He had broad sympathies and wide

charity, especially interested in the progress of Truth, FELL.-On Seventh-day, First mo, 10th, 1885, at which he advocated with clearness and to the instruchis residence, New London, Chester co., Pa.. Wm. J. tion of those who heard him. Fell, in his 74th year. GAUSE.-On First month 15th, 1885, in Kennett

A LIGHTED LAMP is a very small thing; it Square, Pa., Martha W., wife of Levi Gause.

burns calmly and without noise; yet it giveth light GRISCOM.-On Second mo. 9th, 1885, in Philadel- to all who are in the house." And so there is a phia, William Griscom, in his 81st year; an elder of quiet influence which, like the flame of a scented Green Street Monthly Meeting. He was clerk of lamp, fills many a home with light and fragrance. Philadelphia Yearly Meeting from 1854 to 1865.

“Let your light so shine before men that they HELL:-On First mo. 21st, 1885, in Philadelphia, may see your good works and glorify your Father Kate, wife of Samuel Hell, aged 31. Interment at which is in heaven. '-McCheyne. Darby Friends' ground. KESTER.-On Twelfth month 19th, 1884, at his

From our Special Correspondent. residence, in Locust township, Columbia county, Pa., Encсh Kester, in the 66th year of his age; a member

THE NEW ORLEANS EXPOSITION. and elder, belonging to Roaring Creek Monthly Meet

Continued from page 327 of last volume. ing. PAXSON.-On Second month 2d, 1885, at the resi

A saunter through the space taken by California dence of her brother, Alfred Paxson, near Stanton,

not only makes one feel very small, but very hunDel., of typhoid pneumonia, Sarah W. Paxson, daugh- gry. Such luscious-looking fruits, both crystallized ter of Phebe and the late Joseph W. Paxson, in the and canned; such toothsome nuts, such fat vegeta57th year of her age; a member of Wilmington bles! What would you say to a 222-pound pumpMonthly Meeting.

kin, a 118 pound squash, an 81-pound beet? But of POTTER.-On Twelfth mo. 16th, 1884, at his resi- course the country that can produce trees 18 feet in dence, in Battle Creek, Mich., Nathaniel Potter, in diameter is not going to take a back seat when it the 83d year of his age. His end was peace and blessed assurance.

comes to vegetables. Sections of two of the giant

Possessing his senses to the last, he gave direction that his trees are shown, and one feels like proposing to the funeral should be conducted in great simplicity. He group standing about them to join hands and play was beloved by his neighbors and friends, pos- ring-around rosy.” Then, when one reflects that sessing a mind of fine culture and many amiable vir- this 18-foot tree is 3,700 years old, one feels like beg. tues that endeared him the most to those that knew him best. He had been in failing health for a long ging its pardon for such a frivolous idea. time, but grew rapidly worse the last few days of his

Seven or eight large cases of ferns and grasses, a life and quietly passed away to rest, we trust, in his superb private collection of precious minerals, a diseternal home,

E. A. G. play of California honey (both strained and in the RICHARDS.-On Second month 5th, 1885, at their comb), a pavilion made entirely of parti-colored residence, Cecil co., Md., Mary A., widow of Isaac S. soaps, a bale of Alfalfa hay (of which six crops can Richards.

be raised in one season, and which yields 8 to 12 ROBERTS.—On First mo. 27th, 1885, in Norristown, tons to the acre), grain displays from different counPa., David H. Roberts, in his 37th year, son of Wil- ties and ranches, silkworm spinning apparatus and liam Roberts, of New Centreville, Pa.

cocooning ladder, fine ores and beautifully polished SATTERTHWAIT.-On First month 23d, 1885, at woods-one begins to feel as if “the glorious climate of California” might do anything well that it should the space, while a chained fox and wild cat make turn its hand to, and to wonder if Eldorado has not one feel rather timid about entering the territory's really been hit upon at last.

precincts, until one finds that they are not so alive Nevada has a very creditable display, though as they look. The chief curiosity of Wyoming, the everything in the neighborhood of the California woman who votes, was not on exhibition, though I space pales by comparison. Several cases of the dare say she had much to do with making the disflora of the territory and a large collection of min. play a success. erals, also of fruit and vegetables, are sensibly Montana has the usual exhibit of grains, vegetaarranged on tables, in parallel rows, which, if not so bles and minerals, equaling in extent and kind that effective, makes one better able to judge of the of most of the territories, and renders herself as quantity of the display. The territory sends some formidable as possible by bristling with the heads of curiosities from the mounds and the pueblos, and elk, bison and cougar. has an interesting case of shooting-irons, probably The grain and mineral exhibits of Idaho promised belonging to old '49ers.

to be very fine when I last looked up this corner of Arizona runs to minerals, of which she has a mag. the building, but confusion reigned, and one could nificent display, both as to quality and quantity. A discern but little in reportable condition. As with large piece of copper ore attracts special attention. Montana, trophies of the chase decorated every post. Some remarkable things are shown here, such as Besides Dakota Park, of which I wrote you as stones from the petrified forests, ornaments made one of the features of the building, this territory has from the wood and fibre of the prickly pear, and a large bark house, in which specimens of the smaller some Zuni pottery, red with black decorations. The animals and cases of Indian work are on exhibition. presiding genius of the place seems to be a large A hanging canoe, some fifteen feet long, made of Rocky Mountain sheep, who lies on his shelf, and grains, has a graceful effect. placidly views (if stuffed sheep can view) every- With Minnesota and Wisconsin, the round of the thing that goes on.

Government Building is finished. The former was The mineral exhibit of Colorado is fine, also. She fast getting into shape when I saw it last, and a has a house built of different minerals, and an inge- number of cases showed that a large display was niously contrived sectional view of the first national expected. Some beautiful samples of decorative mine, showing veins and ledges, galleries and cham- work sent by the Woman's Exchange (of Milwaukee, bers, hoisting apparatus and miners at work. I believe), filled one of the cases, and some little

A pyramid, with gilded top and silver base, repre-wood-bound missals, inlaid, sent by Mrs. Alexander sents the actual amount of silver and gold mined in Mitchell, were especially choice. The school exhibit Colorado between the years 1859 and 1885, the sil- is to be with the rest of the State exhibit, instead of ver amourting to $5,000,000, and the gold to $45, in the gallery. A diagram showing the average 000,000.

yield, value, etc., of the chief crops of the State for The Colorado Agricultural College has a large the last ten years, gives one a better idea of its suitspace, off to one side, where the grains raised by the ability for farming than any number of designs in college, and seeds, minerals and tools made by the grain, or any showing of exceptional harvests, but students, are elegantly arranged.

these, nevertheless, are a great help in rendering the New Mexico was in great confusion at my last Exposition artistic and attractive. The pavilion of visit, from which she has probably extricated herself the milling interest of Minnesota is noticeable, also since. Her minerals, grains and vegetables looked the display of the State Fishery Commission. The as if they would be worth seeing when put in place. University of Minnesota sends a handsome collecThe genus loci here was a fine deer.

tion of animals, including birds, native to the State. Oregon has her grains and fruits in good order, Woods, fruits, vegetables, etc., augment the exhibit, and is only second to California in the size of her and an unusual feature is a reading-room opened by vegetables. She shows a 41.pound head of cabbage a publishing company of the State, at which one can and a 58-pound rutabaga. Some beautiful samples obtain books and pamphlets relative to its progress, of wool rather surprise one who has not been accus- etc., and its principal newspapers. If the educatomed to think of Oregon as a sheep-raising country. tional exhibit were down here, instead of upstairs, One of the handsomest things I have yet seen in the it would be a worthy rival of that of Massachusetts, Exposition is a section, about seven feet high, of a for it is one of the best in the gallery. maple burl. The wood branches out in knots so New Orleans, First mo. 16, 1885. beautifully curled that it seems the work of a wood carver, and the polished surface of the tree where it

DAY BY DAY. has been cut shows the finest of grain imaginable.

Aside from minerals, the collection of Wyoming is Jane Taylor has written a simple parable which chiefly notable for the odd and curious things that has in it a great lesson. have been gathered together. Stalactites from Yel- A little clock had just been finished by the maker lowstone Park, and a strange curly formation of and put on a shelf in his wareroom between two older stone (caused by the action of hot water in the gey: clocks, who were busy ticking away the noisy seconds. sers there), a fossil section of tree (hollowed out and “ Well,” said one of the clocks to the new comer, showing the inside walls a mass of crystals), are “So you've started on this task; I'm sorry for you. among the curiosities. A large exhibit of Indian You're ticking bravely now, but you'll be tired work, such as moccasins, blankets, baskets, caps, leg- enough before you get through your thirty-three milgings, belts, shirts and pouches, takes fup much of lion ticks." "Thirty-three million ticks!” said the

M. W. P.

Race Street Meeting-house.


frightened clock, "why, I never could do that," and writers and preachers of our own time, and the most it stood still instantly with despair. " Why, you loving biographer of his great teacher. silly thing," said the other clock at this moment, In Stanley's Life of Arnold, by the way, a wonder"why do you listen to such words? It's nothing of fully good book for teachers to read and ponder the kind. You've only got to make one tick this over), we find set down some of the reasons, or traits moment; there, now, isn't that easy, and now an. of character, that accounted for Arnold's vast perother the next moment, and that is just as easy, and sonal influence on the youth of England who were so so right along.” “Oh, if that's all," cried the new happy as to be placed in his hands. “ His interest clock, " that's easily done, and so here I go," and and sympathy with the boys far exceeded any direct started bravely on again, making a tick a moment, manifestation of it toward them, and the impression and not counting the months and millions. But which he produced upon them was derived, not so when the year was ended, it had made thirty-three much from any immediate intercourse or conversamillion vibrations without knowing it.

tion with him, as from the general influence of his whole character displayed consistently whenever he

appeared before them. This influence, with its conPERSONAL INFLUENCE OF OUR TEACHERS.

sequent effects, was gradually on the increase during Read at an Educational Conference, held First mo. 24th, 1885, at the whole of his stay till it became the fashion

to think and talk of him with pride and affection.”

The liveliness and simplicity of his whole behavior I have been asked to give my views on this topic, must always have divested his earvestness of any and while quite unwilling to appear as the critic of appearance of moroseness and affectation. “ He calls the able and careful teachers who are an honor to us fellows" was the astonished expression of the boys our schools, it seems not unsuitable to say a word when, soon after his first coming, they heard him upon personal influence in its effects upon the young. speak of them by the familiar name in use amongst

One of the most effective arguments for the send themselves; and in his later years, they observed ing of the boys and girls to great institutions of learn- with pleasure the unaffected interest with which, in ing, over which preside persons of genius and dis- the long autumn afternoons, he would stand in the tinguished learning, is the enobling influence these school-field and watch the issue of their favorite eminent instructors may be reasonably expected to game of foot ball. have upon the formative minds of youth. Many of With very little boys, his manner partook of that us have vivid remembrance of the days of our child playful kindness and tenderness which always marked hood some 30 or 35 years ago, when our fathers his intercourse with children ; in examining them in deemed it one of the best gifts they could bestow the lower forms, he would sometimes take thein upon their boys to send them for educational ad- his knee, and go through picture-books, of the Bible vantages to the wretched old slave mart of Alex. or of English history, covering the text of the parandria, Va. And why? Because there was the rative with his hand, and making them explain comfortable boarding-school conducted by that grand to him the subject of the several prints. typical Friend, Benjamin Hallowell. His splendid With older pupils, the dread which the sternpersonal qualities, both moral, religious and intel. ness of character of the great master inspired, lectual, his courteousness which was as beautiful as was mingled with an involuntary and perhaps, it was perfect, his noble scholarship as well as his an unconscious respect, born of the sense of manenergy and faithfulness as an instructor, and his liness and straightforwardness of his dealings, genuine love for boys, were well known; and many and still more by the sense of the general force of his wise fathers knew what was likely to be the result of moral character; by the belief (to use the words of years under the influence of such a teacher. It was different pupils) in his extraordinary knack, for I something like the magnetic power of Dr. Thomas can call it nothing else, of showing that his object in Arnold, of Rugby, who by his manliness, his sincerity, punishing or reproving was not his own good or his sound learning, his truly philosophical mind and pleasure, but that of the boy;" “in a truthfulness in his healthy religious influence raised up the institu- a sort of moral transparency ;" in the fixedness of tion with which he was identified to its enviable his purpose, and the searchingness of his practical eminence among the schools of England. The great insight into boys," by a consciousness, almost amountand deeply beloved teacher lives again in the student, ing to solemnity, that “when his eye was upon you, and the London Quarterly Review echoed the voices he looked into your inmost heart;" that there was of many who had sat at the feet of Arnold when it something in his very tone and outward aspect, before characterized him in 1844 " as a complete character, which anything low, or false or cruel, instinctively complete in its union of moral and intellectual gifts quailed and cowered. ... for his greatness did not consist in the pre- As boys advanced in the school, there" grew up eminence) of any single quality, but in several a deep admiration, partaking largely of the nature remarkable powers, thoroughly leavened and per- of awe, and this softened into a sort of loyalty, which vaded by an ever-increasing moral nobleness." remained even in the closer, more affectionate

One of his traits of character or of mind, was a sympathy of later years.” “I am sure," writes a philosophical and liberal habit of thought which led pupil who had o personal communication with him to the formation of enlightened and liberal religious whilst at school, and but little afterwards, and who views. These were remarkably reproduced in his never was in the Sixth Form,“ that I do not exaggerstudents, pre-eminent among whom was Stanley, ate my feelings when I say that I felt a love and Dean of Westminster, one of the most eminent of the reverence for him as one of quite awful greatness and goodness, for whom I well remember that I used | amenities of life ; for the teacher represents, in a to think I would gladly lay down my life.”

great degree, the parental authority and unction. And so our teachers of to-day are being the We have ever laid a high value on what we may builders of character; and the instructor who call the "Quaker bias," and I believe have been too recognizes the weight of responsibility which his careless of late about the sectarian bias liable to be function imposes upon him may well be awed in derived from a favorite teacher. There are iustances, contemplating it. More or less complicated questions even, where mothers have entrusted their girls for a of right and wrong, are continually arising in the season to conventual boarding-schools. Here the reschool-room, and the teacher is required to act in the cluse instructors keep closest watch and ward over judicial capacity. The instructor must pause in the their charge, watching every word, and with very midst of work more directly intellectual, and make a great skill, by gradual and most gentle advances, decision more or less difficult, which must be just implanting the rudiments of Romanism-until, when and yet politic. He sets up a standard of rectitude the time comes for them to return to home life, they which may be remembered many years to come and are found ready to take monastic vows, and so are may influence the action of the youth before him lost to the life of liberty and light and progress long after the teacher rests in death. The "policy" which is the rightful heritage of healthful youth of of a teacher's decision rests on the peculiarities of our country and time. natural gifts on one side or another, on the known Friends have deemed it right to guard their youth parental influence, or parental wishes, and on the from such dire possibilities, and have sought to prospecial needs of the parties. An impression of right vide schools under the care of preparative and is made on the part of students who have affection monthly meetings, and under the conduct of teachers for the teacher; or if the teacher decides unjustly, or strictly in sympathy with our principles and testiotherwise unwisely, the moral sense is educated monies, even if not in membership with us. I be. amiss, and the students have precedent of wrong- lieve it to be the bounden duty of our teachers to doing which may be an evil seed dropped into the give their influence in the direction of the Quaker garden of the heart of which no one can know the cult-and that none should accept the solemn respongrowth. A teacher much beloved by those he insibility of leadership of the children of Friends who structs, can mould his pupils to almost any pattern ; cannot conscientiously co-operate in the advocacy of and quite as much morally as intellectually. Opinions our principles and testimonies. A mere remark at beliefs, habits and manners, depend greatly upon the times, or a few minutes quiet conversation may direct teacher, who has the ear of the pupil more than and guide thought into the channels which are favoreither father or mother, and more than the preacher able to the growth which is desired. Equally easy, in the sanctuary. We doubt not this is evident to is it, to turn away the young inquirer from the every thoughtful person who has ever been engaged simple faith and profession of their fathers

, especially in the guidance and instruction of the young. in cases where the home training has been merely

A mother of an interesting family of three little passive-not active. children remarked to me recently, that seeing them Solomon of old seems to have known an important play "mother” was startling to her by the innocent principle in regard to the education of youth: exactness with which they reproduced her tones, her Train child in the way he should go, and actions, and her words. The sense of responsibility when he is old he will not depart from it.” The acbecomes painful indeed in the light of such revela- tive or Solomonic methods for the training of youth, tions; and many a teacher has been startled in view have long since fallen into discredit, at least among of his pupils playing “school" innocently caricatur- Friends,--and now we must look more to the pering him in tone, manner and word.

sonal influence of the men and women to whom is On the other hand almost all of us can recall to committed the care of the hours of the most recepmemory some teacher to whom most grateful remem- tive period of life, when character is crystallizing brance is due, and from whose conversations remem- round points of attraction. bered vividly after many years, date many an impulse We may well look with anxiety to the faithful and to faithful endeavor, resulting in the attainment of a able teachers, whose gentleness and faithfulness higher level of thought, and greater excellence of endear them to the children, and give them such performance. We hold these as benefactors, and power to mould minds and hearts, and to supplement perhaps keep them enshrined as sacred and precious the possible inadequacy of parental influence. S. R. beyond all other friends. Even the errors and inadequacies of the teacher become a matter of toleration if not of imitation to the inexperienced child.

WEIMER IN WINTER. A little lad, when checked for unnecessarily emphatic use of local, or wildly idiomatic language, replied with supreme confidence in his position; “Why pap An American lady was visiting some American says that!" And another when reproved for indulg. friends here in Halle, and we heard she was going ing in a cigarette, could use the same defence: "My straight to Weimer, a trip we had long been intendfather smokes every day, my brother smokes, and all ing to make, so we decided at once to join forces, as my uncles smoke; they wouldn't do it if it wasn't three can travel better than two or one. nice."

made the train at 7.45 A. M., and no more, for this So with the schoolmaster. What he does, is liable is a land where one gets very lazy about getting up to be the warrant for the pupil's action in matters in the morning, and the Germans take their time hygienic, or moral, as well as in relation to the about getting meals, and the drosshke man was too

up a

For Friends' Intelligencer.


We just

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