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Statistical Table of England.

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Besides the great change thus effected in which return two members each; nineequalizing the distribution of members teen boroughs returning one member in the counties (as each county before re- each. Besides taking away the right of turned two knights, except Yorkshire, election from a stone wall in one place, which returned four), the qualifications from a green mound in another, and a of the voters were also modified, so as to ruined house in a third, and vesting it in extend the elective franchise to every large, or, at least, in tolerably numerous male person in actual occupation of a constituencies in new boroughs, the act freehold for life, or of lands, or tene- has introduced something like uniformity ments of copy-hold (see the article Ten- in the qualifications of the voters of the old ure, in the body of the work), of the clear boroughs and cities, and extended the yearly value of not less than ten pounds elective franchise from close corporations, above all rents and charges. The follow- or privileged bodies, to the citizens at ing tables will show the changes which large. It gives the right of voting in the have been made in the representation of elections to every male person of full age, cities and boroughs. From an examina- not subject to any legal incapacity, who tion of these tables, it will appear that occupies, in the city or borough, as owner fifty-six rotten boroughs have been whol- or tenant, any house, ware-house, countly disfranchised; thirty boroughs have ing-house, shop, or other building, of the been deprived of one member; and one clear yearly value of not less than ten borough (Melcombe Regis and Wey- pounds, provided such person shall have mouth) of two members; twenty-two bor- paid the poor rates and assessed taxes. oughs have been created in England,

Boroughs disfranchised by the Reform Act. All these boroughs (Higham Ferrers excepted, which returned but one member) formerly sent two members each to parliament.

Boroughs.

20

270

Aldborough,
Aldeburgh,
Amersham,
Appleby,
Bedwin, Great,
Beeralston,
Bishop's Castle,
Blechingley,
Boroughbridge,
Bossiney, .
Brackley,
Bramber,
Callington,
Camelford,
Castle Rising,
Corfe Castle,
Downton,
Dunwich,
Fowey,
Gatton,
Grimstead, East,
Haslemere,
Hedon,
Heytesbury,
Higham Ferrers,
Hindon,
Ilchester,
Looe, East,

Popu- Number of

Number of

Population. Voters.

Boroughs.

lation. Voters. 566 60 to 64 || Looe, West,

593 55 to 60 1,538 about 80 || Lostwithiel,

1,074

24 2,116 125 to 130 || Ludgershall,

535 about 70 1,359

100 Milborne Port, 2,072 92 to 100 2,191 about 80 | Minehead,

1,494

10 100 || Newport, Cornwall, 1,084

62 1,729 upwards of 60 || Newton, Lancaster, 68

60 1,203

80 || Newtown, Hants, none 38 to 40 950 65 to 76 | Okehampton, . 2,055 220 to 230 1,006 30 to 36 || Orford,

1,302 about
2,107
32 || Plympton,

804

210 97 20 to 36 | Queenborough,

786 260 to 1,388

52 || Romney, New,. 378 about 150 1,359 25 St. Germain's, 2,586

7 888 40 to 45 || St. Mawes, .

459 20 to 24 960 about 50 || St. Michael's,

97

32 3,961 about 60 || Saltash,

3,092

36 232 18 to 20 || Sarum, Old,

none

7 1,767 about 300 || Seaford,

1,098 98 to 100 145 5 Steyning,

1,436 | about 140 3,364 30 | Stockbridge,

851 106 to 110 849 60 || Tregony,

1,127 about 280 1,080 about 300 || Wendover,

2,008 about

140 1,413 50 || Weobly,

819 90 to 95 965 145 to 150 || Whitchurch, 1,673

70 921 240 to 250 || Winchelsea,

772 35 to 40 975 70 to 80 || Wooton Basset, 1,896 about 150 865 about 50 || Yarmouth, I. W., 586 45 to 50

Boroughs which formerly returned two Members to Parliament, but are hereafter to send

only one.

Boroughs.

13

Popu- Number of lation.

Boroughs. Voters. 2,803 450 to

480 | Malmesbury, 4,165

170

Midhurst, 4,795

24 | Morpeth, 1,599 about 50 || Northallerton, 5,213 45 to 50 || Petersfield, 4,597 about

100 || Reigate, 2,487 12 to

15 || Rye, 2,313 about 100 St. Ives, 4,325 280 to 300 || Shaftesbury, 3,293

35 || Thirsk, 5,105

25 || Wallingford, 2,287 about 140

Wareham, 2,231

15 Westbury, 2,853 about 105

Wilton, 2,621 30 to 35 | Woodstock,

Arundel,
Ashburton,
Calne,
Christchurch,
Clithero,
Dartmouth,.
Droitwich,
Eye,
Grimsby, Great,
Helston,
Horsham,
Hythe,
Launceston,
Liskeard,
Lyme Regis,

Popu- Number of lation. Voters. 2,785 1,478 5,156 about 5,119 about 1,423 about 140 3,397 about 3,715 about 10 4,776 about 3,061 about 2,835 50 to 2,542 about

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Old Cities and Boroughs which still return Members. With regard to the number of members merly returned four members, now returns returned by the following boroughs, no only two. The city of London sends for change has been made by the reform bill, members, and all the others two escb, except that the united borough of Wey- except Abingdon, Banbury, Bewdley and mouth and Melcombe Regis, which for- Monmouth, which return only one each.

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Boroughs.

Population in 1831.

Number of

Voters.

Boroughs.

Abingdon (1),
Andover,
Aylesbury,
Banbury (1),
Barnstaple,
Bath,
Bedford,
Berwick on T.,.
Beverly,
Bewdley (1),
Bodmyn,
Boston,
Bridgenorth,
Bridgewater,
Bridport,
Bristol,
Buckingham,
Bury St. Edm.,.
Cambridge, T.,.
Cambridge, U.,
Canterbury,
Carlisle, .
Chester, .
Chichester,
Chippenham,
Cirencester,
Cockermouth,
Colchester,
Coventry,
Cricklade,
Derby,
Devizes,

5,259 | 500 to 600 || Dorchester, 4,843

24 || Dover, 4,907 | 600 to 1000 Durham, 5,906

18 | Evesham, 6,840

550 Exeter, 38,063

28 Gloucester, 6,959 about 1500 || Grantham, 8,920 about 1500 Guildford, 8,302 about 1700 | Harwich, 3,908

45 || Hastings, 3,782

36 | Hereford, 11,240 about 400 || Hertford, 5,065 750 to 800 || Honiton, 7,807

300 Hull, 4,242 about 330 || Huntingdon, 103,836

6500 || Ipswich, 3,610

13 | Knaresborough, 11,436

210
2,325 175 to
2,495 60 to
1,997
1,320 about 40)

Popula-
tion in
1831.

Number of

Voters.

37 || Lancaster, 20,917 240 to 250 || Leicester,

about 1200 || Leominster, 14,463

1600 || Lewes, 20,006 750 to 770 || Lichfield, 21,363 1000 to 1200 | Lincoln, 8,270 980 to 1000 || Liverpool, 4,333 130 to 135 London City (4), 5,220 about 700 || Ludlow, 4,536/ 180 to

190 || Lymington, : 16,167 1500 to 1800 | Lynn, King's, 27,070 2800 to 3000 Maidstone,

1,642 about 1350 || Maldon, 23,607 750 to 800 | Malton, New, 4,562 about 40 | Marlborough,

3,033| about
11,924 2600 to 3301
10,125 | about 120

3,976 600 to
28,201 1580 to 16)
11,933 about
10,780 | 860 to
3,813 230 to
4,297
10,097 nearly
10,280 1200 to 1:350
5,247 about

3,509 about
32,958 nearly 771)

3,267 25 to
20,454 950 to 10
5,296 | about

1101
12,613 about
39,306 about
5.249 about
8,592 about
6,499 about
11,892 about
189,244 up. of 3
135,573 up. of 19.00)
5,253 about
3,361 65 to
13,370 about
15,387 850 to
3,830 about 100;
4,173 about
3,426

.

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Marlow, Great,
Monmouth,
Newport,
Usk (1),
Newark,
Newcastle, L.,
Newcastle on T.,
Newport, I. W.,
Northampton,
Norwich,
Nottingham,

Oxford City,
Oxford U.,
Penryn, .
Peterborough,

Plymouth, Pontefract, Poole, . Portsmouth, Preston, Reading, Richmond, Retford, East, Ripon, Rochester, Salisbury, or

,} St. Alban's, Sandwich, Scarborough, .

9,557 1500 to 1600 8,192 660 to 680 42,760 upw. of 2500 4,081

24 15,351 upw. of 2000 61,110 upw. of 4000 50,680 about 4500 20,434 about 2000

upw. of 1200 3,521

550 5,553

460 40,651 230 to 240

4,832 about 1000 6,459 about 150 8,083 105 to 110 33,112 about 6000 15,595 | 900 to 1000 3,900

270 2,491

1750 5,080

146 9,891 1075 to 1100 9,876

54 4,772 700 to 800 3,136

700 8,760

44

Shoreham, New, .
Shrewsbury,
Southampton,
Southwark,
Stafford,
Stamford,
Sudbury,
Tamworth,
Taunton,
Tavistock,
Tewksbury,
Thetford,
Tiverton,
Totness,
Truro,
Warwick,
Wells,.
Wenlock,
Westminster,
Weymouth,
Melcombe
Regis,
Winchester,
Windsor,
Worcester,
Wycombe,
Yarmouth,
York,

Popula

Number of tion in

Voters.
1831.
1,503

1350 21,227 about 1300 19,324 about 800 91,501 nearly 5000 6,998 nearly 1000 5,837

540 4,677 about 800 7,182 about

300 11,139 500 to 1000 5,602 120 to 125 5,780 upw. of 500 3,462

31 9,766

24 3,442 58 to 60 2,925

26 9,109 about 550 6,649| about 450 2,424 about

200 202,090 about 17,000

7,655 nearly 600 20,774 210 to 220 9,212

34 7,103 about 620 18,610 about 2000 6,299 65 to 70 21,115 1650 to 1700 25,359 about 3000

Wigan,

The boundaries of the cities and bor- daries. The boroughs of Aylesbury, oughs have been settled anew by an Cricklade, New Shoreham and Sandact of parliament, since the last enu- wich now include adjacent districts. meration, in 1831 ; and the population East Retford includes the hundred of of many of them has been considerably Bassetlaw, and Penryn the town of Falincreased by the change of the boun- mouth.

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Boroughs in Wales which return one Member each. To most of these boroughs other places number of voters in the district. Two are united, which share in the election of of these boroughs, Merthyr Tydvil and the members. The population of the Swansea, have been added by the reform principal boroughs only is given, with the

act.

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. 53

15

Summary of Reformed House of Commons.
26 counties, 4 each ; 7,3 each; 6, 2 each ; Yorkshire, 6; Isle
of Wight, 1,

144
133 cities and boroughs, 2 each,

266 England,

471 53 boroughs, 1 each, City of London,

Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, 2 each, .
Wales,

3 counties, 2 each; and 9 counties, 1 each,
14 districts of boroughs, 1 each,

14) 33 counties,

28

22 50 Scotland, Edinburgh and Glasgow, 2 each,

4 18 boroughs and districts of boroughs, 1 each,

18 32 counties, 2 each,

64 Ireland, 6 cities, 2 each ; 27 boroughs, 1 each, .

. 39 105 The university of Dublin, 2,

2)

Total, ... Representation of Scotland. From the thirty-three counties, and fifteen for fifteen time of the legislative union of Scotland districts of boroughs, which comprised with England, in 1706, till 1832, the for- sixty-six towns or burghs. But the rigtas mer bas returned forty-five members to of voting for members has heretofore the British house of comnions, 30 for the been extremely limited. The number of

.

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