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the water, to be baptised, and after the ce- gan to think that it was too soon after the remony prayers were offered to make him rising of the sun that it became night again, sacred, and clean from all impurities ; but and that the sun again sank down below when it was completed, his father, Makea-tu- the horizon, every day, every day; in the tara, felt greatly alarmed, because he remem- same manner the days appeared too short bered that he had, from mistake, hurriedly for him. So at last, one day he said to his skipped over part of the prayers of the bap- brothers, 'Let us now catch the sun in a tismal service, and of the services to purify noose, so that we may compel him to move Maui ; he knew that the gods would be cer- more slowly, in order that mankind may tain to punish this fault, by causing Maui to have long days to labour in to procure sub. die, and his alarm and anxiety were there- sistence for themselves ;' but they answered fore extreme. At night-fall they all went him, Why, no man could approach it on into his house.

account of its warmth, and the fierceness of “Maui, after these things, returned to his its heat;' but the young hero said to them, brothers to tell them that he had found his * Have you not seen the multitude of things parents, and to explain to them where they I have already achieved ? Did you not see dwelt."

me change myself into the likeness of every

bird of the forest ? You and I equally had The legend, then, goes on to relate the aspect and appearance of men, yet I, other achievements of Maui, such as by my enchantments, changed suddenly from his slaying his first victim, the daughter the appearance of a man, and became a bird, of Maru-te-whare-aitu, and destroying and then, continuing to change my form, I by enchantment the crops of that per

resembled this bird or that bird, one after sonage. He then again visits his pa

the other, until I had by degrees transformed rents and comes in contact with a great

myself into every bird in the world, amall ancestress, called Muri-ranga-whenua,

or great: and did I not, after all this again, who, as he approached, “sniffed and

assume the form of a man? [This he did

soon after he was born, and it was after that sniffed until she thought she smelt

he snared the sun.] Therefore, as for that something coming, and she was very feat, oh, my brothers, the changing myself much exasperated, and her stomach

into birds, I accomplished it by enchantbegan to distend itself, that she might ments, and I will by the same means accombe ready to devour Maui as soon as he plish also this other thing which I have in came.”

my mind.' When his brothers heard this, On discovering who he is, however, they consented on his persuasions to aid him this unpleasant preparation for Maui's in the conquest of the sun. reception is abated, and

" Then they began to spin and twist ropes

to form a noose to catch the sun in, and in " When the stomach of Muri-ranga-whe

doing this they discovered the mode of plaitnua had quietly sunk down to its usual size,

ing flax into stout square-shaped ropes her voice was again heard saying, 'Art thou (tuamaka), and the manner of plaiting flat Maui ?' and he answered, 'Even so.'

ropes (paharahara), and of spinning round " Then she asked him, 'Wherefore hast ropes; at last, they finished making all the thou served thy old ancestress in this deceit- ropes which they required. Then Maui took ful way?' and Maui answered, “I was anx- up his enchanted weapon, and he took his ious that thy jaw-bone, by which the great

brothers with him, and they carried their enchantments can be wrought, should be provisions, ropes, and other things with them, given to me.

in their hands. They travelled all night, “She answered, "Take it, it has been re- and as soon as day broke, they halted in the served for thee.' And Maui took it, and desert, and hid themselves that they might haring done so, returned to the place where not be seen by the sun; and at night they he and his brothers dwelt."— pp. 34, 35.

renewed their journey, and before dawn

they halted, and hid themselves again; at After this comes the most curious length they got very far, very far, to the and original passage in the whole le- eastward, and came to the very edge of the gend - one which, we think, must be

place out of which the sun rises. the distorted and corrupted envelope

“Then they set to work and built on each of some half- forgotten knowledge.

side of this place a long high wall of clay,

with huts of boughs of trees at each end to Among the old priests of Egypt much hide themselves in ; when these were finished, astronomical science was wrapped up they made the loops of the poose, and the in stories which, doubtless, assumed brothers of Maui then lay in wait on one forms among the ignorant mass of the side of the place out of which the sun rises, people equally unintelligible with this and Maui himself lay in wait upon the other strange story of Maui:

side.

"The young hero held in his hand the en“ The young hero, Maui, had not been chanted weapon, the jaw.bone of his ancesng at home with his brothers when he be- tress — of Muriranga-whenua, and said to

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his brothers, Mind now, keep yourselves from your mother and others that you are hid, and do not go showing yourselves fool- very valiant, and that you have succeeded ishly to the sun; if you do, you will frighten in all feats that you have undertaken in him ; but wait patiently until his head and your own country, whether they were small fore legs have got well into the snare, then or great; but now that you have arrived in I will shout out; haul away as hard as you your father's country, you will, perhaps, at can on the ropes on both sides, and then I'll last be overcome.' rush out and attack him, but do you keep " Then Maui asked him, “What do you your ropes tight for a good long time (while mean? what things are there that I can be I attack bim), until he is nearly dead, when vanquished by ?' And his father answered we will let him go; but mind now, my bro- him, 'By your great ancestress, by Hine-nuithers, do not let him move you to pity with te-po, who, if you look, you may see flashing, his shrieks and screams.'

and, as it were, opening and shutting there, "At last the sun came rising up out of where the horizon meets the sky.' And his place, like a fire spreading far and wide Maui replied, 'Lay aside such idle thoughts, over the mountains and forests : he rises up, and let us both fearlessly seek whether men his head passes through the noose, and it are to die or live for ever.' And his father takes more and more of his body, until his said, My child, there has been an ill omen fore-paws pass through; then are pulled for us ; when I was baptising you, I omitted a tight the ropes, and the monster began to portion of the fitting prayers, and that I struggle and roll himself about, whilst the know will be the cause of your perishing.' anare jerked backwards and forwards as he " Then Maui asked his father, “What is struggled. Ah! was not he held fast in the my ancestress Hine-nui-te-po like?' And he ropes of his enemies !

answered, “What you see yonder shining so *** Then forth rushed that bold hero, Maui. brightly red are her eyes, and her teeth are as tikitiki-o-Taranga, with his enchanted wea- sharp and hard as volcanic glass; her body pon. Alas! the sun screams aloud - he is like that of a man; and as for the pupils foars-Maui strikes him fiercely with many of her eyes, they are jasper; and her hair is blows; they hold him for a long time, at like the tangles of long sea-weed, and her last they let him go, and then weak from mouth is like that of a baracouta.' Then his wounds, the sun crept slowly along its son answered him, “Do you think her strength course. Then was learnt by men the second is as great as that of Tama-nui-te-Ra, who name of the sun, for in iis agony the sun consumes man, and the earth, and the very screamed out, Why am I thus smitten by waters, by the fierceness of his heat? wag you! oh, man? do you know what you are not the world formerly saved alive by the doing? Why should you wish to kill Tama- speed with which he travelled ? If he had nui-te-Ra ? Thus was learnt his second then, in the days of his full strength and name. At last they let him go. Oh, then, power, gone as slowly as he does now, not a Tama-nui-te-Ra went very slowly and feebly remnant of mankind would have been left on his course."

living upon the earth, nor, indeed would

anything else have survived. But I laid There is then told a story of Maui's hold of Tama-nui-te-Ra, and now he goes fishing up the dry land, from the bot- slowly, for I smote him again and again, so tom of the sea, when on a fishing ex

that he is now feeble, and long in travelling cursion with his brother. This origin

his course, and he now gives but very little for the dry land is, we believe, the

heat, having been weakened by the blows

of my enchanted weapon; I then, too, split one universally assigned throughout

him open in many places, and from the Polynesia ; and the story in one form

wounds so made many rays now issue forth, or other is met with in all the accounts

and spread in all directions. So, also, I of the mythology of the several islands.

found the sea much larger than the earth; It came up as a fish; and the inequali. but by the power of the last born of your ties of the ground are ascribed to its children, part of the earth was drawn up struggles. He then bas a great ad- again, and dry land came forth.' And his venture with another great ancestress,

father answered him – That is all very Mahu-ika, the goddess of fire; after

true, O, my last born, and the strength of which he transforms his brother-in

my old age; well, then, be bold — go and law, Irawaru, into a dog, and he be

visit your great ancestress who flashes so

fiercely there, where the edge of the horizon came the progenitor of all dogs. The

meets the sky.' hero finishes his career in the following "Hardly was this conversation concluded singular manner :

with his father, when the young hero went

forth to look for companions to accompany "Maui now felt it necessary to leave the him upon this enterprise : and so there came village where Irawaru had lived, so he re- to him for companions, the small robin, and turned to his parents, and when he had been the large robin, and the thrush, and the with them for some time, his father said to yellow-hammer, and every kind of little bird, him one day, 'Oh, my son, I have heard and the water-wagtail, and these all assem

VOL. XLVI.NO. CCLXXI,

D

bled together, and they all started with Maui repeat them in our prayers, and whenever we in the evening, and arrived at the dwelling relate the deeds of the ancestors from whom of Hine-nui-te-po, and found her fast asleep. each family is descended, and upon other

* Then Maui addressed them all, and said, similar occasions.”—p. 54. My little friends, now if you see me creep into this old chieftainess, do not laugh at The legend of Tawhaki follows that what you see—nay, do not, I pray you; but of Maui. He, returning from fishing when I have got altogether inside her, and

with two of his brothers-in-law, is atjust as I am coming out of her mouth, then

tacked by them, supposed to be killed, you may shout with laughter if you please.'

and buried, without any apparent reaAnd his little friends, who were frightened at what they saw, replied, “Oh, sir, you will

son or object, in a way that is cha certainly be killed.' And he answered them,

racteristic of Polynesian, and especially If you burst out laughing at me as soon as

of New Zealand nature. His wife, I get inside her, you will wake her up, and finding he did not return with her she will certainly kill me at once; but if brothers, immediately suspects they you do not langh until I am quite inside have killed him, searches till she finds her, and am on the point of coming out of his grave, and digs him up again, and her mouth, I shall live, and Hine-nui-te- po

recovers him.

We have then this will die.' And his little friends answered, remarkable passage :'Go on, then, brave sir, but pray take good care of yourself.'

“As soon as Tawhaki had recovered from " Then the young hero started off, and

his wounds, he left the place where his faithtwisted the strings of his weapon tight round

less brothers-in-law lived, and went away, his wrist, and went into the house, and strip

taking all his own warriors and their famiped off his clothes, and the skin on bis hips

lies with him, and built a fortified village looked mottled and beautiful as that of a mackarel, from the tattoo marks cut on it

upon the top of a very lofty mountain,

where he could easily protect himself—and with the chisel of Vetonga--and he entered the old chieftainess,

they dwelt there. Then he called aloud to

the gods, his ancestors, for revenge, and they “The little birds now screwed up their

let the floods of heaven descend, and the tiny cheeks, trying to suppress their laugh

earth was overwhelmed by the waters, and ter ; at last the little Tiwakawaka could no

all human beings perished; and the name longer keep it in, and laughied out loud, with

given to that event was, “The overwhelming its merry cheerful note: this woke the old

of the Mataaho,' and the whole of that race woman up, she opened her eyes, started up, and killed Mani.

perished.”—pp. 60, 61. * Thus died this Maui we have spoken of; but before he died he had children, and sous

He then proceeded to take revenge were born to him ; some of his descendants on a race called the Ponaturi, who yet live in Hawaiki, some in Aotearoa (or had killed his father. Now, tbe Pona. in these islands); the greater part of his de- turi inhabited a country underneath scendants remained in Hawaiki, but a few of

the waters, but always came to the them came here to Aotearoa. According to the

dry land at night to sleep, where they traditions of the Maori,* this was the cause

had a large house, called Manawa of the introduction of death into the world

Tarre. Tawhaki and his younger bro(Hine-nui-te-po being the goddess of death : if Maui had passed safely through her, then

ther reach this place, and find their po more human beings would have died, but

mother, Uratonga, who had been car. death itself would have been destroyeu), and ried off captive by the Ponaturi, and we express it by saying, “The water-wag- the bones of their father, which were tail laughing at Maui-tikitiki-o-Taranga hung up under the high, sloping roof made Hine-nui-te-po squeeze him to death.' of the house, “ rattled loudly together And we have this proverb - Men make for gladness when they heard Tawbeirs, but death carries them off.'

haki repeating his incantations as he “ Thus end the deeds of the son of Makeatutara, and of Taranga, and the deeds of the hour of revenge was now come.” By so as to keep it dark till after sunrise. cognised by Tango-tango. On this Deceived by the assurances of Ura- point Sir George Grey says:—“The tonga that it was not yet dawn, the European reader cannot at all enter Ponaturi lay on till the sun rose, when into the witty nature of this adventure the stopping being suddenly withdrawn in the estimation of a New Zealander; from the crevices, and the door opened, the idea of a sacred chief of high rank the sun's rays killed the whole of that being by mistake treated as a common strange race that lived beneath the

came along - for they knew that the sons of Ranginui, and of Papa-tu-a-Nuku. This is the narrative about the generations

aid of their mother they concealed of the ancestors of the inhabitants of New

themselves in the tbatch of the house ; Zealand, and, therefore, we, the people of

and having luckily escaped the smelling that country, preserve closely these tradi- powers of the scout who preceded the tions of old times, as a thing to be taught Ponaturi, they stopped up all the to the generations that come after us-s0 we crevices of the house during the night,

# Inhabitants of New Zealand.

slave, conveys impressions to their waters, slept upon the land, but pe- minds, of which we can form no accu. rished if the sun shone on them. rate notion.” It is at length suspected

Does not the reader feel almost sure who he is, and Tango-tango questions that there is some true and remark- him :able history concealed and distorted among these mists and clouds of fable? “She asked him, "Tell me, are you TawThe legend then proceeds :

haki?' He murmured “Humph' in assent,

still walking on until he reached the side of “The fame of Tawhaki's courage in thus his wife, and then he snatched up his little destroying the race of Ponaturi, and a report daughter, and, holding her fast in his arms, also of his manly beauty, chanced to reach pressed her to his heart. The persons prethe ears of a young maiden of the heavenly sent all rushed out of the courtyard of the race who live above in the skies; so one house to the neighbouring courtyards - for night she descended from the heavens to visit the whole place was made tapu by Tawhaki, Tawhaki, and to judge for herself whether and murmurs of gratification and surprise these reports were true. She found him arose from the people upon every side at the lying sound asleep, and after gazing on him splendour of his appearance ; for in the days for some time, she stole to his side, and laid when he had been amongst them as an old herself down by him. Ife, when disturbed man, his figure was very different from the by ber, thought it was only some female of resplendent aspect which he presented on this lower world, and slept again ; but before

this day. dawn the young girl stole away again from his Then he retired to rest with his wife, side, and ascended once more to the heavens. and said to her, 'I came here that our little In the early morning Tawhaki awoke and felt daughter might be made to undergo the ceall over his sleeping place with both his remonies usual for the children of nobles, to hands, but in vain – he could nowhere find secure them good fortune and happiness in the young girl.

this life; then Tango-tango consented. "From that time Tango-tango, the girl "When in the morning the sun arose, they of the heavenly race, stole every night to the broke out an opening through the end of the side of Tawhaki, and lo! in the morning she house opposite to the door, that the little was gone, until she found that she had con- girl's rank might be seen by her being carceired a child, who was afterwards named ried out that way instead of through the Arahuta ; then full of love for Tawhaki, she usual entrance to the house; and they redisclosed herself fully to him, and lived con- peated the prescribed prayers when she was stantly in this world with him, deserting, carried through the wall out of the house. for his sake, her friends above; and he dis- “ The prayers and incantations being ficovered that she who had so loved him be- nished, lightnings flashed from the arm-pits longed to the race whose home is in the hea- of Tawhaki; then they carried the little girl rens."—pp. 66, 67.

to the water, and plunged her into it, and

repeated a baptismal incantation over her." Tango-tango, however, takes offence

- pp. 79, 80. at Tawhaki's complaining of the bad smell of their little baby, and flies In the following story there is an acaway again to heaven. Tawhaki re- count of a pet whale called Putunui, solves to follow her, and after some that came at the call of its master, Pi. adventures and meeting with bis nirau, and allowed steaks to be cut grandmother in a mysterious manner, from its sides. This whale was stolen he climbs up the tendrils that hang by a magician called Kae, and dragged down from heaven at a certain place, ashore by bis people, and cooked and and thus, like Jack and the beanstalk, eaten. But the savoury smell was reaches an upper country, where, how. wafted across the sea to Pinirau, and ever, things seem pretty much the this circumstance was the cause of a same as they are below. He here disguises himself as an old man of the In another legend there is another common sort, and is treated as a slave highly characteristic anecdote, showing by his brothers-in-law, whom he finds how sport, and murder, and cannibaldubbing out a canoe ; and is not re- ism mingled in their life, and the way

war.

had a

in which a whole tribe instantly com- Uru, the wife of Whakane Kaipapa, by mitted themselves to the consequences whom she had several children, ran of an individual act of one of their away with another chief, by whoin she number, and a war arose in which they

son called Tutanekai. She were all eventually destroyed :- afterwards, however, returned to her “When Mairatea grew up, she was mar

husband, bringing this Tutanekai,

who was well received by Whakane, ried to the son of a chief named Poporokewa,

and treated as his own son, and they the chief of the Ati-Hapai tribe, and she accompanied her husband to his home; but

all lived comfortably together on the Tuwhakaro remained at his own village, and

island of Mokoia. This island is apafter a time he longed to see his sister, and parently one in the Lake of Rotorua, thought he would go and pay her a visit ; near what we call the Bay of Penty, so he went, and arrived at a very large in the North Island of New Zealand: house belonging to the tribe Poporokewa, the name of which was Uru-o-Manono; all

"Now there reached them here a great the family and dependants of Poporokewa lived in that house, and Tuwhakararo re

report of Hine-Moa, that she was a maiden mained there with them. It happened that

of rare beauty, as well as of high rank, for a young sister of his brother-in-law, whose

Umukaria (the great ancestor of the Ngati name was Maurea, took a great fancy to

Unui-karia-hapu, or sub-tribe) was her fahim, and showed that she liked him, al

ther; her mother's name was Hine-Marn. though, at the very time, she was carrying

When such fame attended her beauty and on a courtship with another young man of

rank, Tutanekai and each of bis elder bro

thers desired to have her as a wife. the Ati-Hapai tribe. " Whilst Tuwhakararo was on this visit

"About this time Tutanekai built an to his brother-in-law, some of the young

elevated balcony, on the slope of that hill men of the Ati-Hapai tribe asked him one

just above you there, which is called Kaiweday to wrestle with them, and he, agreeing

ka. He had contracted a great friendship to this, stood up to wrestle, and the one

for a young man named Tiki; they were who came forward as his competitor was the

both fond of music - Tutanekai played on sweetheart of his brother-in-law's young

the horn, and Tiki on the pipe ; and they sister. Tuwhakararo laid hold of the young

used to go up into the balcony and play on man, and soon gave him a severe fall. That

their instruments in the night; and in calm match being over, they both stood up again,

evenings the sound of their music was wafted and Tuwhakararo, lifting him in his arms,

by the gentle land-breeze across the lake to gave him another severe fall; and all the

the village at Owhatn, where dwelt the young people of the Ati-Hapai tribe burst out

beautiful young Hine-Moa, the younger sister

of Wahiao. laughing at the youth, for having had two

“ Hine-Moa could then hear the sweetsuch heavy falls from Tuwhakararo, and he sat down upon the ground looking very fool

sounding music of the instruments of Tutaneish, and feeling exceeding sulky and pro

kai and of his dear friend Tiki, which gladdenvoked at being laughed at by everybody.

ed her heart within her. Every night the two “ Tuwhakararo, having also finished wrest

friends played on their instruments in this ling, sat down too, and began to put on his

manner; and Hine-Moa then ever said to clothes again, and whilst he was in the act

herself, 'Ah! that is the music of Tutanekai

which I hear.' of putting his head through his cloak, the young man he had thrown in wrestling ran

“ For although Hine-Moa was so prized up, and just as his head appeared through

by her family, that they would not betroth the cloak threw a handful of sand in his

her to any chief, nevertheless she and Tutaneeyes. Tuwhakararo, wild with pain, could

kai had met each other on those occasions when see nothing, and began to rub his eyes, to

all the people of Rotorua came together. get the dust out and to case the anguish ; the

" In those great assemblies of the people

Hipe-Moa had seen Tutanekai, and as they young man then struck him on the head, and killed him. The people of the Ati

often glanced each at the other, to the heart Hapai tribe then ran in upon liim and cut his

of each of them the other appeared pleasing, body up, and afterwards devoured it; and

and worthy of love, so that in the breast of they took his bones, and hung them up in

each there grew up a secret passion for the the roof, under the ridge-pole of their house

other. Nevertheless, Tutanekai could not Te Uru-o-Manono.”—pp. 99-101.

tell whether he might venture to approach

Hine-Moa to take her hand, to see would she As a contrast to all this battle, mur

press his in return, because, said be, Perder, and sudden death, we must give a

haps I may be by no means agreeable to

her.' On the other hand, Hine-Moa's heart condensed account of the charming story

said to her, . If you send one of your female of Hine-Moa, the maiden of Rotorua,

friends to tell him of your love, perchance he which is the last for which we have will not be pleased with you.' space :-A lady of the name of Ranezi. “However, after they had thus met for

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