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THE LOW HAUNTS OF LONDON.

205

us.

A policeman, however, is usually peremptory ; and after a considerable delay the bolt was undone, and the door partly opened. The aperture, indeed, was somewhat limited, and a squeeze was necessary before an entrance could be effected. We found ourselves in a small room, some 15 feet by 12, or thereby. It was of course dark, and could be surveyed only by the policeman's lamp: Stretched around us on every side we beheld human beings laid for the night. When questioned, the superintendent did not deny that there were eighteen sleeping in that small den, and most probably this was an understatement. They lay on dirty straw, in two ranges, their heads against the opposite walls, and their feet actually met in the centre, so that, in crossing the room, we literally trod upon the feet and legs of the sleepers. Their clothing, or part of it, hung round the walls, and a coarse covering was spread over some of them. The place was black with dirt. The atmosphere was loaded with pollution ; and as we looked round upon the sleepers, we trembled. Even the police, hardened by the constant sight of misery, shuddered, and declared that to them one night in such a den would be certain death.

We proposed giving up any further exploration here ; and the remark of the serjeant, who was our guide in this division of the City, was, “ Indeed, I can show you nothing worse than this anywhere.” We proceeded, lowever, and came to another place, one degree more respectable than the first. It was much larger, but not much cleaner. Mattresses lay in all the rooms, but there always seemed to be at least two on a mattress, and there was no separation of sexes. Altogether, the place had a bad appearance, and as we wandered through the ricketty passages, and looked into the dismal rooms, and glanced at the dirty sleepers, we felt no inclination to protract our visit more than necessary. We were told that the ordinary charge at this house is 2d. per night. At the former, which belongs to the lowest class, it is 13d., or 2d., as can most easily be extracted from the lodgers.

We were taken to a third house, of a class superior to both the others. It was very large-eighty beds being made down every night. It was certainly far from what a lodging-house ought to be, either in cleanliness, comfort, or propriety; but coming fresh as we did from sinks of pollution, it really seemed worthy of commendation, and made us feel that a very little outlay of money, and a moderate exercise of judgment, might raise multitudes of the London poor at least one step out of the degradation in which they are sunk.

Very soon after, we left London. On reviewing our visit to the metropolis, we found many an impression made for life ; but, amid them all, there was none more powerful than that of the midnight wanderings which we have described. We felt more vividly than ever what a debt of gratitude we owe to the Almighty for having cast our lot amidst social comforts and Christian privileges—a lot so different from that of multitudes of our own countrymen, who are steeped in misery and crime, living in guilt and dying in darkness. In some respects, indeed, the after-thought was more painful than the actual inspection. We had seen them in comparative health, but we could not but remember that dreary sickness and death itself must sometime visit them-what would be their state then P We had seen them on the night of a week, day, amid the bustle and noise of the metropolis ; but the thought forced itself on us, when we were quietly enjoying our peaceful Sabbath-what would they be about then? Amid the very comforts of our home, the image of these dark and horrid abodes has seemed to haunt us, and a reproachful voice to sound in our ear, What right have you to be so comfortable, when such a career of misery is the lot of many of your fellow-creatures, naturally no worse than you ” It will not be easy to dislodge these unhappy beings from the hold which they have taken on our compassion ; and it will be long, we trust, ere we cease to offer the prayer, that He who has the hearts of all men in his hand would make this dark wilderness to blossom as the rose. Free Church Magazine.

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EASTERN DIVISION.
Foster Street, Bishopsgate

36 96 122 218
84 84 6 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 54 46 ... 100 7 till 9. W. Th.

7 20 27 Dolphin Court, Spitalfields 130 ... 130 mixed 180 7 till 9. M. T. Th. F. 50 30 20 100 Each Evening

20 50 70 Great Pearl Street, Spitalfields

45 110 100 210

8 till 93. M. T. W. Th. 35 28 63 Thrawl Street, Spitalfields

120 120

T. Th.

60 60 7 127 Wilkes Street, Spitalfields

270 180 450

Each Morning

50 50 King Street, Spitalfields

43 98 98

8 till 10. M. W. Th. F. 18 22 6 46 Spicer Street, Spitalfields 65 155 220 35 30 70 135 8 till 92. M. T. W. Th. 25 25 50 Daily

20 20 Goldsmiths' Row, Hackney Road

7 till 9. T. Th.

70 65
135 Th. Evening

14 14
Twig Folly, Bethnal Green

8 till 10. Th.

30 30 60 New Nicholl Street, Bethnal Green

60 60
65 65

14 14
Anchor Street, Bethnal Green

121 195 316

87 877} till 9. T. W. Th. F. 50 60 110 King Edward Street, Mile End

100 240 340

140 140 7 till 9. M. T. W. TH 44 26 70
Albert Street, Mile End
North Street Schools, Whitechapel-
Thomas Place
6 till 8. M. T. Th. F. 50 40 898 Th. Evening

40 40
Cumberland Place

18 55 73
Pleasant Place
12 30 85 115 30 40 46116

Each Afternoon

40 40 Bucks Row, Whitechapel

30 40 70

7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 45 60 105 Colchester Street, Whitechapel

66 95 161
7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 100 83 29 212 7 till 9. W.

8 12 20
Carr Street, Stepney

175 175
Bere Street, Ratcliffe

78 110 110 6) to 83. M. T. W. Th. F. 55 56 111 2 till 5. Daily

24 25 49 High Street, Poplar

100 100 50 50 100 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 50 40 90
Brewhouse Lane, Wapping

6 till 9. M. T. Th. F. 60 40 100
Hoxton Old Town

140 100 240 ...
120 120 6 till 8. T. Th. F. 20 30 8 58 Friday Evening

12 12
Darby Street, Rosemary Lane

105 105
8 till 91. T.

20

20
CENTRAL & NORTHERN DIVISION.
Field Lane, West Smithfield
50 150 350 500 mixed 1806) till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 60 20 806) till 9. M. T.

60 45 105
Farringdon Market, Shoe Lane

130 130 72 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 30 25 557 till 9. W..

15 15 Honduras Street, Golden Lane, St. Luke's 35 107 201 308 mixed 100 | 7 till 9. M. W. Th. F.

927 till 9. M.

66 66
Turk's Head Yard, Clerkenwell

15 20 20 55
Lamb and Flag Court, Clerkenwell
70 105 105 70 70 55 195 8 till 10. M. W.

50 50 5 105 Vine Street, Liquorpond Street

22 60 82 7 till

10 12 22 Fox Court, Gray's Inn Lane

22 37 591

7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 40 50 90|| W. Evening [till 7. T 20 20 Yeate's Court, Clare Market

18 60 781

M. T. W. Th. F. 60 SO 140 B, 8 till 10. M. W.F. G.5 8 30 38 Brewers' Court, Great Wild Street

361 36 611 18 16 82 96|| 7 till 9.

M. T. W. Th. F.

1630 461

401 40

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80 SO 40 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F.

731 7 till 9.

115 26 41 40|| 7 till 9. 40...

16 40|| 12 till 2. Daily

16 St. Andrew's Street, Seven Dials

60 Irish Free Schools, St. Giles's

70 61 till 9 M. Th. & 12, W. Sat. 17 25 42 Little Camden St., Camden Town 38.85 22 107 (infants daily, but 6 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 30 35

65 F. Evening

30 27 57
Agar Town, St. Pancras Road
100 190 84 2741 pay a small fee 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 38 38 76 7 till 9. Th.

25 25
Compton Place, Judd Street

7 till 9. M. W. Th. F. 50
rinfants

50 Daily

5 5
Sandwich Street, Burton Crescent

30
30
daily fout} 6 till 8. M. T. W. Th. F.
64 6 70 M. F. Evening

35 35
Abbey Place, Little Coram Street
45 45

30 35 655 till 7. W.

25 25
King's Cross, Britannia Street

7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 25 56 81
Britannia Court, Gray's Inn Road

12
Brook Street, New Road
80 140 220 60 80 140 7 till 8. T. F..

50 Daily

12 12 Elder Walk, Íslington.

23
7 30 Afternoon, Daily

50 50
Payne Street, Islington

2015 35
Brand Street, Holloway
132 20 152 60 30 80 170

10 30
Providence Row, Kingsland

7 till 81. M. T. Th. F.

80
Stoke Newington
40 58 98 10 15 25 50 63 till 8. M. T. W.

12
WESTERN DIVISION.
Westminster Juvenile Refuge and School
of Industry
50 50 50 50 30 80 6 till 8. M. T. W. Th. F.

45 30
75 2 till 5. Daily

50 30 80 New Pye Street, Westminster

16 10 26 Broadway, Westminster

170 170 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 30 25

20 20
New Tothill Street, Westminster

55 Th. Evening
80 80 30 37 30 97
Palmer's Passage, Westminster

60

60
Union Street, Pimlico

20 30 20 70
Exeter Buildings, Chelsea
Park Chapel, Chelsea
60 40 100 51 60 40 151 7 till 83. M. T. W. Th.

25 Daily for G. & 2 Morn.for B. 8 50 58
7 till 9. T. Th. F.
40 40 80 7 till 9. M. W.

22 22
Grotto Passage, Marylebone

50

50 50 Grotto Place Boys' Refuge

40 60
60 80
80 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 55 15 70 8 till 12. Daily

40 40
Grotto Passage Girls' Refuge
20 20 20

20

20 20 Hinde's Mews, Marylebone.

12 8 6 26 Edward's Mews, Portman Square

80 80 $ 6 till 9. Th.F.S.formales

35 20 55 Day and Evening ? M. T. W. for females

20 20 40 Gray's Yard, James Street 40 75 75 70 55100 225 7 till 9. M. T. Th. F. 10... 8 18 Daily

24 45 69 Union Mews, Wells Street

7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 30 37 67 M. W. Th. Evening 19 30 49 Hopkins Street, Golden Square

130 130 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 52 56 6114 M. W. Th. F.

34 58 92
Huntsworth Mews, Dorset Square

64 89 153 34 88 122
M. T. W. Th. 15 34 20 69 M. T. W. Th. F.

16 14 30
George Street, Lisson Grove

221 221 250 250 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. S.

36 30 66 W. Th.

7... 7 Richmond Street, Lisson Grove

100 9 till 1 each Morning

10 14 24
Portland Town

60
60
5) till 8. M. T. W. Th. F.

40 45
Paddington Wharfs

85 M. W.F. Evening

14 20 34 EO 80 56 30 90 176 7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 18 24 42 Temperance Hall, Hammersmith

30

30 St. Paul's, St. Peter's, Hammersmith 90 90 60 62 122

Every Day

30 30
Kensall Green

71 till 9. M. W.F.. 25 25
Bayswater, Elizabeth Place, Moscow Rd.

7 till 9. M. T. Th. F. 20 10 * The children in attendance on Sunday Morning being the same as in the Afternoon, the number is not added to the total.

[For SOUTHERN DIVISION and SUMMARY see next Page.]

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25 25
301 30
34 34

576 576

100 100 200 63 till 9. T. Th. 347 347 W: Th.

25) 2563 till 8. W. Th. 72 108/180|| 82 73 155 M. T. W.ů. :

35 32 67 M.
70 118 118 86 701 156

15 17 32
100 160 260 85 60 40 185 M. T. W. Th.

32 35 67| Every Day
7 till 9. M. T. W. Th. F. 52 46 987 till 9. W. Th. F..
90 90
187 187

6 till 87. M. T. Th. F. 23 24 47| 6 till 8%. F.
50 50
30 30|| M. T.

43 18 61

31
36
10

9
15

: : : : : : : : :

40 40
19 64112
12 20 32

20 20

13
22
10

SOUTHERN DIVISION.
Lambeth Walk
Jurston Street, Lambeth
Robert Street, New Out
Windmill Street, New Cut
Waterloo Road
Broadwall, Blackfriars
Chapel Place, Great Suffolk Street
John Street, Mint
Mitre Court, Mint Street
Henry Street, Kent Street
Vineyard, Tooley Street
Bermondsey, 144, Railway Arch
Hanover Street, Rotherhithe
Deptford, Duncan Yard
Greenwich, East
Greenwich, West
Blackheath, Queen Street
Peckham, High Street
Camberwell, Nelson Street
Clapham, North Street
Clapham, White's Row.
Clapham, Union Street
Brixton.
Walworth, Crown Square

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20
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7 27

15

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43 30 40 30

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73
70 22 till 4. Daily

800
400
200
150
270
200
200
250
100

40
150
200

70
100
300
120
180
120
280

80
120
90

57 83 83|| 72 35 107| 7 till 9. M. W.F.
145 145

61 till 8. M. T. Th.
55 55
60 40 100

M. T. W. Th. F.
102 116 81197|| 70 50 30 150|| 7 till 9. T.
1101
110|| 70 50

120
100 1001

T. Th.
40 40

7} till 9. M. Th.
150 1501

7 till 83. M. T. W. Th. F. 70 70

M. W. 92 92

7 till 9. T. F. 70 70

M. W.

17
17
15
20
22
11
10

70 70

.

40 30 70
40

12 52
50 60 20 130
22 20 40
20 20 6 46| Afternoon
20 18 38

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36
11
11
9

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22 10 32

140 140

M. W.T.

30 30 6 66|| W.

301 30

20

120

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Attendance of Teachers.
Industrial
Classes.
Voluntary

Paid.

Room to
Accommodate.

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Poetry.

THE MOTHERLESS.
Draw near, my little sister,

Draw near my heart for heat-
Draw near, my love, that I may warm

Your little frozen feet.
Come, lay your trembling hand in mine;

And on my aching breast,
Come, lay your weary, weary head,

And I will watch your rest.
This is a cruel cradle for

A child so wo-begone-
A cruel pillow for so fair

A head to rest upon.
Oh! what would my poor mother think-

My mother, dead and gone-
To see the gentle head she loved,

Hard pillow'd on a stone ?
O why-0 why-ye cruel winds,

Why do ye wildly blow,
Upon so young, so wan a cheek,

Already like the snow ?
Have mercy on her orphan tears

Have mercy on her sighs--
Have mercy on her tender years—

Have mercy, or she dies !
Then, cruel wind, if soft and kind

This night ye cannot be,
Blow, blow your wildest, keenest blasts—

Heap all your drift on me;
For what would my poor mother think-

My mother, dead and gone-
To see the gentle head she loved,

Hard pillow'd on a stone ? Ragged School Rhymes.

Plans and Progress.

RAGGED SCHOOL ADDRESSES.-No. IV. I saw a man in the Exhibition take into his hand a beautiful harp, upon which he was about to play. A crowd soon collected round him to hear the sweet music, for he was a good performer, and they listened with attention as he struck the chords.

But instead of delightful harmony, there came forth only a confused mixture of disagreeable sounds—the harp was out of tune.

Some strings were too tight, and others slack, and until all these were put in order even the skilled harpist could not bring harmony from the instrument.

There are many in this school whose hearts are out of tune. When I find a boy loving sin more than holiness it is a sure sign that his heart is not right; and all the bad thoughts and words which come from a wicked heart are like the music of a harp which is not in tune.

Unless a very great change is made in such a heart, it will remain always

T

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