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Difficulties and Objections
Necessity of Preliminary Explanation
No Division of Will between the Father and the Son
What is meant by the 'Justice' and 'Wrath' of God, and the need for

an Atonement
Foreshadowings and Illustrations of the Atonement
Why One Sacrifice alone could be perfect
The Atonement not the sole Object of the Incarnation
The Scotist View of the Motive of the Incarnation considered
Connection of the Atonement with Justification
The Theory of Imputation' no part of Catholic Doctrine
The Testimony of Fathers and Theologians, how to be used
Brief Summary of Scriptural Teaching on the Atonement
Conclusion

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NOTE TO CHAPTER I. ON THE CONDITION OF OUR LORD'S HUMAN

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CHAPTER II.

TIE ANTE-NICENE FATHERS.

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Unsystematic Character of Ante-Nicene Writers
First Century.- Clement of Rome

Barnabas
Hermas
Ignatius
Polycarp

Epistle to Diognetus
Second Century.Justin Martyr

Clement of Alexandria

Claudius Apollinaris .
Third Century.—Tertullian

Ilippolytus
Cyprian

Methodius.
Summary of Teaching of first three Centuries
Theory of a Ransom to Satan first clearly enunciated by Irenæus .
It is developed and systematized by Origen.

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CHAPTER III.

THE LATER FATHERS AND SCOTUS ERIGENA.

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The altered Character of Theology in the fourth Century

125 The two Theories of a Ransom to Satan and Sacrifice to God combined. 126 The Ransom to Satan includes, His Claim to a Payment

127 The Deceit practised on Him

130 The Necessity of Compensation

132 Remarks on this Theory

134 The Death of Christ also viewed by the Fathers as a Sacrifice to God

139 Two Ideas brought out in these Speculations

1412 No change in the Divine Mind taught

145 General Summary of Patristic Teaching

147 Speculations of Scotus Erigena

151

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NOTE TO CHAPTER III. ON STRAUSS' ESTIMATE OF THE BELIEF OF

THE EARLY CHURCI

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CHAPTER IV.

ST. ANSELM AND THE SCHOOLMEN.

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Transition from Patristic to Scholastio Era

162 Characteristics of the latter

164 Its earlier and later Periods

166 First Period.-St. Anselm's Cur Deus Homo marks an epoch in the history of Doctrine.

166 Analysis of its Contents

169 Remarks upon it .

171 Abelard

174 St. Bernard .

. 176 Robert Pulleyn, Hugh and Richard of St. Victor .

. 178 Peter Lombard

180 Second Period.-St. Bonaventure .

183 Alexander of Hales and Albert the Great

187 Aquinas

188 Duns Scotus

190 Thomist and Scotist Views compared

193 Wicliffe

198 Raymund of Sabunde

199 Nicolas of Cusa

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201

CHAPTER V.

THEORIES OF THE REFORMATION PERIOD,

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Socinian and Rationalist views of the Atonement, why excluded from the present Inquiry

202 Differences of Catholic and Protestant doctrine bearing upon it

204 The Catholic doctrine of Original Righteousness, Sin, and Justification. 207 Lutheran doctrine on these subjects

210 Calvinist doctrine

217 Reaction against teaching of Reformers begins with Osiander It is taken up by the Anabaptists .

223 Socinianism.

223 Arminianism

224 Quakerism

226 Swedenborg

228 Grotius' treatise on Satisfaction analysed

230 Remarks upon it

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