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fitting," &c. Again, in Holinshed's Chronicle, p. 1064 : “ Mrs. Arden desired him, of all loves, to come back againe."
STEEVENS. 358. a nay word, -] i. e. a watch word. So in a subsequent scene : «_We have a nay-word to know one another," &c.
STEEVENS. 369. This PiNK is one of Cupid's carriers : Clap on more sails ; pursue ; up with your fights ;
Give fire, she is my prize ;] A pink is a vessel of the small crafts employed as a carrier (and so called) for merchants. Fletcher uses the word in his Tamer Tamed :
“ This PINK, this painted foist, this cockle-boat, “ To hang her fights out, and defy me,
friends! “ A well known man of war.". As to the word fights, both in the the text and in the quotation, it was then, and, for aught I know, may be now, a common sea-term. Sir Richard Hawkins, in his Voyages, p. 66, says:
“ For once we cleared her deck, and had we been able to have spared but a dozen men, doubtless we had done with her what we would; for she had no close FIGHTS," i. e. if I understand it right, no small arms.
So that by fights is meant any manner of defence, either small arms or cannon. So, Dryden, in his tragedy of Amboy па :
" Up with your FIGHTS,
« And your nettings prepare,” &c. But, not considering this, I led the Oxford editor into
a silly conjecture, which he has done me the honour of putting into his text, which is indeed a proper place forit.
“ Up with YOND FRIGAT." WARBURTON.
So, in The Ladies Privilege, 1640 : “ These gentlemen know better to cut a caper than a cable, or board a pink in the Bordells, than a pinnace at sea.” A small salmon is called a salmon-pink.
Dr. Farmer, however, observes, that the word punk has been unnecessarily altered to pink. In Ben Johnson's Bartholomew Fair, justice Overdo says of the pig-woman; “ She hath been before me, punk, pinnace, and bawd, any time these two and twenty years."
STEEVENS. The quotation from Dryden might at least have raised a suspicion, that fights were neither small arms nor cannon. Fights and nettings are properly joined. Fights, I find, are cloaths hung round the ship to conceal the men from the enemy, and close-fights are bulk-heads, or any other shelter that the fabrick of a ship affords.
JOHNSON So, in Heywood and Rowley's comedy, called For. tune by Land and Sea : .“ display'd their ensigns, up with all their feights, their matches in their cocks,” &c. So, in the Christian turned Turk, 1612: “ Lace the netting, and let down the fights, make ready the shot,” &c. Again, in the Fair Maid of the West, 1615: “ Then now up with your fights, and let your
ensigns, so Blest with St. George's cross, play with the winds." F iij
Again, in Beaumont and Fletcher's Valentinian :
---while I were able to endure a tempest, “ And bear my fights out bravely, till my tackle
6. Whistled i’ th' wind." 384. -go to: via !] This cant phrase of exultation is common in the old plays. So, in Blurt Master Constable : “ Via for fate! Fortune, lo! this is all.”
STEEVENS. Markham uses this word as one of the vocal helps necessary for reviving a horse's spirits in galloping large rings when he grows slothful. Hence this cant phrase (perhaps from the Italian, via) may be used on other occasions to quicken or pluck up courage.
TOLLET. 395. -not to charge you ;-] That is, not with a purpose of putting you to expence, or being burthen.
-] i. e. rewards,
STEEVENS. 457. of great admittance,-] i.e. admitted into all, or the greatest companies.
STEEVENS. 458. generally allowed
--] Allowed is approved. So in K. Lear.
if your sweet sway " Allow obedience,” &c.
STEEVENS. 464. to lay an amiable siegem] i.e. a siege of love.
MALONE 473. She is too bright to be look'd against. ] “ Nimium lubricus aspici.” Hor.
475 -instance and argument—] Instance is example.
JOHNSON. 477 the ward of her purity,
-] i.e. The defence of it.
STEEVENS. 512. and I will aggravate his stile ;-] Stile is a phrase from the Herald's office.
Falstaff means, that he will add more titles to those he already enjoys. So, in Heywood's Golden Age, 1611 :
“ I will create lord of a greater style.” Again, in Spenser's Faery Queen, b. v. c. 2.
" As to abandon that which doth contain
Amaimon-Barbason, -] The reader who is curious to know any particulars concerning these dæmons, may find them in Reginald Scott's Inventorie of the Names, Shapes, Powers, Government, and Effects of Devils and Spirits, of their several Seignories and Degrees, a strange Discourse worth the reading, p.377, &c. From hence it appears that Amaimon was king of the East, and Barbatos a great countie or earl.
STEVENS, 531. an Irishman with my aqua vitæ bottle,-] Heywood, in his Challenge for Beauty, 1636, mentions the love of aqua vitæ as characteristick of the Irish:
“ The Briton he metheglin quaffs,
“ The Irish, aqua vitæ."
brandy but usquebaugh, for which the Irish have been long celebrated. So, in Marston's Malecontent, 1604:
“ The Dutchman for a Drunkard,
“ The Dane for golden locks, 66 The Irishman for usquebaugh,
" The Frenchman for them," MALONE. Dericke in The Image of Irelande, 1581, Sign. F 2. mentions Uskebeaghe, and in a note explains it to mean
REED. 537 Eleven o'Clock -] Ford should rather have said ten o'clock : the time was between ten and eleven; and his impatient suspicion was not likely to stay beyond the time.
JOHNSON 565. to see thee foin -----] To foin, I believe, was the ancient term for making a thrust in fencing, or tilting. So, in The wise Woman of Hogsdon, 1638 :
“ I had my wards, and foins and quarter blows." Again, in the Devils Charter, 1607:
suppose my duellist
" Here will I take him.” Spenser, in his Faery Queen, often uses the word foin. So in b. ii. c. 8.
“ And strook and foyn'd, and lash'd outra
geously." Again, in Holinshed, p. 833. “ First six foines with hand-speares,” &c.
STEEVENS. 567. thy stock,---] Stock is a corruption of