Изображения страниц

Piet-hatch is frequently mentioned by contemporary writers. So, in Ben Jonson's Every Man in his Humour:

“ From the Bordello it might comé as well,

“ The Spital, or Piet-hatch.Again, in Randolph's Muses Looking-glass, 1638:

-the lordship of Turnbull so “ Which with my Pict-hatch, Grange, and Shore

ditch farm," &c.
Piet-hatch was in Turnbull-street :

-your whore doth live
" In Pict-hatch, Turnbull-street.

Amends for Ladies, a Comedy by N. Field, 1639. The derivation of the word Piét-hátch may perhaps be discovered from the following passage in Cupid's Whirligig, 1607: “ -Set some picks upon your hatch, and I pray, profess to keep a bawdy-house.” Perhaps the unseasonable and obstrèperous irruptions of the gallants of that age might render such a precau. tion necessary. So, in Pericles P. of Tyre, 1609 : “If in our youths we could pick up some pretty estate, 'twere not amiss to keep our door hatch'd,&c.

STEEVENS. This was a cant name of some part of the town noted for bawdy-houses; as appears from the following passage in Marston's Scourge for Villanie, lib. iii. sat. 11: -Looke, who


“ The meager letcher lewd Luxurio.--
«« No newe edition of drabbes come out,
“ But seene and allow'd by Luxurio's snout.



[ocr errors]

a noted

“ Did ever any man ere hear him talke
“ But of Pick-hatch, or of some Shoreditch balke,

Aretine's filth,” &c.
Sir Thomas Hanmer says, that this was
harbour for thieves and pickpockets,” who certainly
were proper companions for a man of Pistol's profes-
sion. But Falstaff here more immediately means to
ridicule another of his friend's vices; and there is
some humour in calling Pistol's favourite brothel, his
manor of Pickt-hatch. Marston has another allusion
to Pickt-hatch or Pick-hatch, which confirms this illus.
tration :

-His old cynicke dad “ Hath forc't them cleane forsake his Pick-hatch drab.” Lib. i. sat. 3.

WARTON. 259. -ensconce your rags, &c.] A sconce is a petty fortification. To ensconce, therefore, is to protect as with a fort. The word occurs again in K. Henry IV. Part I.

STEEVENS. 260. red lattice phrases, -] Your ale-house conversation.

JOHNSON. Red lattice at the doors and windows, were formerly the external denotements of an ale-house. So, in A Fine Companion, one of Shackerley Marmion's plays:

-“ A waterman's widow at the sign of the red lattice in Southwark.” Again, in Arden of Feversham, 1592:

-his sign pulled down, and his lattice born

Again, in the Miseries of enforc'd Marriage, 1607:

'tis treason to the red lattice, enemy to

the sign-post.” Hence the present chequers. Perhaps the reader will express some surprize, when he is told that shops, with the sign of the chequers, were common among the Romans. See a view of the left hand street of Pompeii, (No. 9.) presented by Sir William Hamilton (together with several others, equally curious), to the Antiquary Society.

SreeVENS. - your red lattice phrases.] Again, more appositely, in A Strapado for the Divell, by R. Braithwaite, 2615: “ To the true discoverer of secrets, Monsieur Bacchus,—Master gunner of the pottle-pot ordnance, prime founder of red lattices, &c.

MALONE. 293 -canaries.] This is the name of a brisk light dance, and is therefore properly enough used in low language for any hurry or perturbation.

JOHNSON. So Nash, in Pierce Pennyless his Supplication, 1595, says : “A merchant's wife jets it as gingerly, as if she were dancing the canaries.” It is highly probable, however, that canaries is only a mistake of Mrs.

Quickly's for quandaries; and yet the Clown, in As í You Like it, says,

we that are true lovers run into strange capers.

STEEVENS. 309. -earls, nay, which is more, pensioners ; -] This may be illustrated by a passage in Gervase Holles's Life of the First Earl of Clare. Biog. Brit. Art. HOLLES. " I have heard the earl of Clare say, that when he was pensioner to the queen, he did not



know a worse man of the whole band than himself; and that all the world knew he had then an inheritance of 4oool. a year."

TYRWHITT. Barrett, in his Alvearie, or Quadruple Dictionary, 1580, says, that a pensioner was a gentleman about his prince alwaie redie, with his speare." STEEVENS.

“ In the month of December, 1539,” says Stowe. [Annals, p. 973. edit. 1605), “were appointed to wait on the king's person fifty gentlemen, called pensioners, or spears, like as they were in the first yeare of the king; unto whom was assigned the summe of fiftie pounds yearly for the mayntenance of themselves, and every man two horses, or one horse and a gelding of service."

Their dress was remarkably splendid, and there. fore likely to strike Mrs. Quickly --Hence, in A Midsummer Night's Dream, our author selected from all the tribes of flowers, the golden-coated cowslips for pensioners to the Fairy Queen.

• The cowslips tall, her pensioners be ;
" In their gold coats spots you may see,” &c.

MALONE. 319. --you wot of ; --] To wot iś to know. Obsolete. So in K. Henry VIII.

Wot you what I found ?". STEEVENS. 322. -frampoldm-] This word I have never seen elsewhere, except in Dr. Hacket's Life of Archbishop Williams, where a frampul man signifies a peevish troublesome fellow.

JOHNSON In The Roaring Girl, a comedy, 1611, I meet with

a word,

[ocr errors]

a word, which, though differently spelt, appears to be the same.

Lax. “ Coachman.
Coach. “ Anon, sir!
Lax. “ Are we fitted with good phrampell jades?"

Ray, among his South and East country words, says that frampald, or frampard, signifies fretful, peevish, cross, froward. As froward (he adds) comes from from, so may frampard.

Nash, in his Praise of the Red Herring, 1599, speaking of Leander, says ; “ the churlish frampold waves gave him his belly full of fish-broth.” So, in The Inner Temple Masque, by Middleton 1619: -“ 'tis so frampole, the puritans will never yield

So, in The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green, by John Day :

" I think the fellow's frample,&c. So, in Beaumont and Fletcher's Wit at several Wea. pons: “ Is Pompey grown so malapert, so frample?

STEEVENS. Thus, in the Isle of Gulls—" What a goodyer aile your mother, are you frampull, know you not your own daughter ?

HENLEY 345. to send her your little page, of all loves :-) Of all loves, is an adjuration only, and signifies no more, than if she had said, desires you to send him by all means.

It is used in Decker's Honest Whore, Part I. 1635 : me" conjuring his wife, of all loves, to prepare cheer



to it."

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »