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Surrounding nations mark the glad ac.
PROLOGUE TO claim,
[name! “ INNOVATION ; or, The Cross Destroyed." Their shoi es re-echo George's glorious (See vol. LXXX. p. 425.)
Inscribed to his Grace the Duke of Europe had worn th' enslaving chain,
By universal conquest crown'd, OUR sage Projectors, bred in times of And fought, and bled, and sued in vain, yore,
Review'd their plans and projects o'er and Had George deny'd his guardian arms, to
With Wisdoin's eye approv'd what Art The victor laurel from the Tyrant's crest !
And modeld grace with public use comYet the brave Sons of Patriot Spain, With skilful hand the firm foundation laid, Whose plains with Gallic ravage And bade the Pile ascend by Judgment's
[reard, Assert their violated throne;
Saw o'er their native town, by Genius With Europe's foe the strife maintain;
The charter'd Dome, the cloister'd Fane Contend for country, einpire, life, and
rever'd; (righteous cause!
Saw rural Commerce pour her golden tide; While Heaven and George uphold the Saw Justice o'er their Mart and Cross preStill may they aid her bold essay,
And Europe's prostrate Nations rise, Religiou's zeal their sacred Altar raise, To share the Patriot's great emprisé, And dedicate their Church to prayer and 'Till crown'd by Triumph's regal day!
praise. May Britain's arm impel th' avenging Such our Forefathers' antiquated rules, blow,
Bred in the rusty lore of Gothic schools; And hurl destruction on their impious Dull, pious souls! on whose saturuian
(rays. Mighty in empire and in arms,
Just gleam'd the dawn of Reason's solar Supreme amidst her native waves,
Science they just descry'd with prying Britain each foreign Tyrant braves,
eyes, And mocks Invasion's vain alarms;
(prize! Their civil rights just understood
to Her virtuous King unaw'd, by threats The Briton's boast, bequeath'd without a unmov'd,
[law! By Heaven defended, as by Britons lov’d.
His freedom's charter, just secur'd by His guardian reigni, though factions Achiev'd the Arts, for just the public good, mar!
And left their fabricks standing as they Fierce Demagogues of State Reform
stood. Would Britain's Senate seize by We, in this era of enlighten'd sense, storm,
With all our fathers' Gothic forms dis.. To wreck by fell intestine war;
pense. Yet will Patrician Sons surround her
To us, Philosophy's meridian light throne,
Shews all their systems rude restraints to And in their Monarch's rights preserve sight;
[ties, Still loyal Sons Britannia boasts,
On Freedom's wings, releas'd from moral Who round her State defensive form, Through Nature's bounds our bolder geTo stem Sedition's anarch storm,
(all, Or fall at Duty's, Honour's posts! Explores, directs, controuls, and governs Her patrio: Sons embrace their country's As from our hands their feudal fetters fall; cause,
Brings Art's creative elements to view, And own the sacred fiat of her Laws, Their forms antique transforms to models
(alloy, May Britain's Genius guide her helm ;
With taste, refiu'd froin judgment's dull Bid Hydra Faction's riot cease ;
Their boasted works to fashion or destroy: Awe Europe's Ruffian Foe to peace,
Hence, to our critic eyes, yon Doine apAnd guard her Sov'reign's Union Realm;
(of years! Her Senate's shield, to Time's remotest
A shapeless mass, though prais'd a length date,
That Dome rever'd the Market's long reGuard the Palladium of her Regal State.
[sport; Hark! how the harmonizing spheres Scorn'd in decay and sham'd by vulgar
Resouud to Britain's festive lav; Now doom'd to echo keen Derision's jest,
And Glory's radius gilds the day, Resound to mirth, and give our satire George's paternal reign eodears :
[ploy'a Her Isles acclaim their Monarch, Guara Hence, Innovation's magic powers eu dian, Friend!
A Drama furnish'd, and a Cross destroy'd; And Freedou's grateful songs to Heaven Time's antient relisks yield to fabricks new; ascend !
For what great ends, our Episode will Bungay.
The honest farmer home from market The afternoon chiefly at home I will spend, jogs,
[hogs; Read or write, or to matters domestic atLooks to his horses, bullocks, sheep, and Counts o'er bis purse, and marks the Or on the violin for amusement will play: price of grain,
Thus my time in the Winter I'll spend Extols the Cross that shelter'd him from
day by day,
And never be idle from morning till night *, Then tells his deary all the news of town, Go to bed at eleven, and rise when its As how the Farmers' Cross is coming light. down:
, As to books, a great number, I really don't “Down," cries his deary, with a sudden need them,
[read them. “What, are the people mad?” “Why For I'm certain of this, that I never shall no-pot all."
I can't read so much as I did years ago, “ Down," she repeats—"Why yes_the
Nor write my thoughts down, to my Cross and Stocks;
sorrow I know, [bestow t. The lead is sold so are the weather
On which I with pleasure much time did cocks." “ Is lead so scarce in town ?” “Why now
Long pain and diseases, I must say,
[mimi, If this, and more, were conjur'd into
Have weaken'd my body, as well as my They'd yet have plenty; and they say
But I wish to God's will to be wholly as low,
resign'd. Of weathercocks there still will be enow ! To be fretful, impatient, and cross, I 'Tis said the Cross is old, and useless
[prone ; grown;
[town: To my shame be it spoken, I oft am too Too large, beside, and ugly, for the While troubled with various complaints, I Though yet I cannot beat it in my pate,
(no less ; How 't is grown ugly, or got svellid of late; My temper's much tried, and my feelings But when 't is down-up in its place will But hope, through God's mercy and goodjump,
ness to me,
[free ; New, spick and span, a very pretty From pain and disorders ere long to get “ A pump,” she cries, “I plaiuly see the When my moanings and groanings, the [place; rest of my days,
(praise, A pump to wash you from the market- Will be happily turn’d into blessing and To give the farmers water for their beer, And cleanse the town of markets through
A telescope, with a good microscope too, the year!!
I should like to use daily, creation to Thus each succeeding age condemns Of the works of my Maker I wish to the last,
[plore, Our's more enlighten'd still than all the His infinite wisdoin through Nature exProgressive thus, to Time's remotest span, His goodness to praise, and perfections Taste may revolve on Innovation's plan;
adore, Till grown so wise, by philosophic rules, Our sons, in turn, may think their fathers
As to botany, gardening, or culture of land,
[food, May think, perhaps, before a second
They are sciences truly I don't underVur venerable Cross had better stood.
Some other employments I'll therefore
pursue, Bungay, January 1810.
While to be, do, and get good, I'll still The Great Little Oddity's* Manner of Go to bed in the Summer each night at
keep in view; spending his Time throughout the Year.
eleven, ON the Sabbath I'll go to the house of And rise in the morning at half-after-seven. the Loril,
[reflect; tin verses of Mr. LANGTON, &c. &c. To read some good treatise, and on it T'he “Summer Evening Reflections in And with pray'r close the day, with God's Kensington Gardens” are spoiled by run
goodness imprest, [to rest. ning into politicks. The four first stanzas While beneath his protection I'll safe go are very good. On the week day, if fine, about noon take
Z. Z. B. is too high-flocon. a walk,
* For an idle mani, liliy, there is not i And with some friend or other will cheer
[out, fully talk;
The Devil': best play fellow often turns
f Having written and published several * See vol. LXXIX. p. 159. volun!es in prose aud verse.
PROCEEDINGS IN THE FOURTH Session Of The Fourth PARLIAMENT OF THE
UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 1810. House of Commons, May 16. it at 250,0001. As to the Exchequer The House having resolved itself into Bills, he had already stated them at a Committee of Supply, to whom were three millions for the year, and he trustreferred the accounts of the public debt, ed the House would not be indisposed &c.; tbe Chancellor of the Exchequer, in to a grant to that amount. Regarding a prefatory speech, in which he congra- the Loan, he had the satisfaction of
tulated the House on the fourishing stating, that it amounted in all to 12 다. state of the Finances, brought forward inillions (namely, eight millions for Great
the annual Budget. The Hon. Gentle. Britain, and four for Ireland); and had man said, he should first state the Sup- been concluded on terms infinitely the plies already granted for the year :-For most favourable of any Loan which had the Navy, 19,258,0001.-- the Army, in- yet been known in this country. The cluding Army for Ireland and Extraordi- terms were, that the Contractors for naries, 20,307,0001..-- the Ordnance, every 1001. should receive 1301. three 4,411,0001. Miscellaneous Services, per cent. Reduced, and 101.7s. Ed. Cons 2,000,0001. There would besides, be a sols, being in the whole, 1401. 7s. 6d.; vote of Credit for England, to the the amount of the interest thus to be amount of 3,000,0001.; for Ireland, to paid for the loan, being no more than the amount of 200,0002.; for Sicily, 41. 4s. 3 d. per cent. ; so that a loan of to the amount of 400,000l. ; for Portugal, 12 millions had been negotiated at to the amount of 980,0001.; total about 158. 7 d. below the legal rate of interest. 50,500,0001. ; from which, deducting the The total charge on the publick, in this sum for Ireland, there would remain
manner, was, in the proportion of the to be provided for by Great Britain, loan of last year, as 4i. 4s. 31d. to 46,079,0001. To meet this, there were 41. 128. 10d.; so that, be the country in Annual Duties, 3,000,0001. Surplus a worse state, or a better now, than it already voted of the Consolidated Fund was last year, 12 millions had been borof 1809, 2,661,6021. Surplus for the rowed for a suin intrinsically worth for the present year, 4,400,0001.- War 11,230,0001. The Right Hon, GentleTaxes, 19,500,0001 – Lottery, 350,0001. man then proceeded to state the amount ~Exchequer Bills funded, 8,311,6001.- of the Consolidated Fund, which exVote of Credit, 3,000,0001. Loan, ceeded in the year 1810 the surplus of 8,000,0001. Making in the whole, the preceding year by 5,339,0001. He 46,223,202.. or an excess of 144,2021. did not wish, however, to take it as
above the sum required. He should this amount, but to prefer an average 1 proceed to state the different items of of the two years, which produced
which these sums were to be composed, 4,485,2241. Under the head of Malt leaving the Consolidated Fund to the Duty, there was an increase during the last. First, the War Taxes: these he estis last quarter of 40,0001. The Assessed mated at 19 millions, and he esteemed Taxes for the last year amounted to hiinself justified in taking thein at that 6,459,000l. In this sum, there were annount, they having last year produced considerable arrears, amounting, on the into the Exchequer 22,707,0001. - The best calculation, to not less than Property Tax had, during the last year, 600,0001. These had, however, been rc. produced 13,751,2331, although the as- duced to about 300,0001. The Stamps he sessment for that year was computed estimated at 5,193,0001. the Post-office at only at 11,400,0001. being a difference 1,194,0001.; the Hawkers, &c. at 20,0001, uf 2,351,2331. This, however, might be producing a total of 37,597,0001. The supposed to have arisen from arrears, charge on the Consolidated Fund, exnone of which now existed earlier than clusive of Ireland, amounted 1807. The last quarter shewed the Pro- 31,960,0001. leaving a surplus of perty Tax to be greatly on the increase, 5,637,0001. The reason why he should but he did not take it at the increased not take more from this branch for the rate. The War Taxes, under the heads service of the year, than 4,400,0002. he Customs and Excise for three years would explain. The Stamps had risen 1808, 9, and 10, amounted to 27 mile very greatly during the last year, to the lions, being on an average 9,060,0001.:- amount of not less than 1,236,9071. in being together, 20,460,0001, By the draw- consequence of the consolidation of ing of the Lottery in one day, the evil those duties, arising from regulations resulting from insuring had beeri reme- which he himself had introduced. These died. Trusting, therefore, that Gentle- be had estimated, under different heads men would not deprive the revenue of of management, would produce a saving this source of income, he should estimate of 106,0991. but it so happened, that in. Gent. MAG. July, 1810.
stead of this, it had produced an in- lation of trade and wealth. This was creased revenue of no less than 1,236,9071. intimately connected with the present He ought probably to take blame to subject, as it afforded the best hopes himself for having so greatly under-rated with respect to our future resources; the amount to be expected from these and proved, that, whatever might have regulations; but still he hoped the been thrown out by persons of great auHouse would be happy that they had thority, there was no reason to apprebeen so productive. The difference be- hend that we were a falling Nation; tween this expected sum of 106,7581. but that, whatever might bet he pressure and the actual amount of 1,236,9071. on particular branches of trade, greatly left a balance of 1,130,0001. What he as that was to be lamented, there was had to propose, therefore, to the House, no reason to apprehend any great calawas, not only that 970,0001. which mity, no cause for despondence. He would be wanted for the expenditure of concluded by proposing the Resolution, the present year, should be taken from that 12 millions be raised by way of anthis excess of a tax laid on by regulation nuity, &c. in the year 1808 ; but he also thought, Mr. Huskisson thought the country that Parliament was justified in looking was in a state of progressive improveto this fund as affording a prospect of ment, which, in a country where prodefraying the interest of the Loan of the perty was so well protected, could only year. Indeed, he should feel himself be stopped by some convulsion. That not justified if he did not call on the it would be difficult to find new taxes House to look to this source. He should which would not be extremely ohjectionpropose to reserve 150,0001. for this able; that there was a limit to taxation; purpose, and then there would still remain and that we had nearly reached that 115,0781. as the balance of this one liinit, was proved by the statement of Tax, after the interest of the Loan was his Learned Friend, who must himself provided for. The Hon. Gentleman have felt its force, before he could make then anticipated the objections which up his mind to propose the mode which night be made to this new mode of pro- he intended to adopt to supply the means ceeding, and, passing to the Consolidated of the year. He wished to know, wheFund, adverted to the state of the Trade ther he thought it possible, for any of the country. In 1802, a year of great number of years, to continue adPeace, and of the greatest import and ding from a million to 1,200,0001. every export, the export of British Manufac- year to the public burthens ? whether tures amounted to 26,993,0001. Last he thought this would be sufficient on year it amounted to 35,000,0001, making the present plan, even if it could be proa difference of about eight millions. The cured? - and, whether he hoped that export of foreign goods was less last the War could be continued in this way? year ; but the House would think this He maintained, that, without a reducmuch more than compensated by the tion of the scale of our annual expendigreat increase in the export of British ture, it would be impossible to carry on produce. The total export last year the War for any long time. Even in the had been to the amount of, in round event of Peace, they would not be withnumbers, 50 millions; in 1802, 46 mil- out their difficulties, as it would be exlions, making a difference in favour of pected that a considerable share of the last year of about four millions. He public burthens should be reduced. He next stated the export of British pro- advised the House to consider well the duce, on the average of the years 1809-9, nature and extent, and applicability of amounting to 32,942,0001. and then their resources, with a view to Peace and took the highest average of any two War. It was impossible always to go ou former years, amounting to 31,683,0001. in this way, from expedient to expeAll this was sufficient to prove, that, in dient; satisfied with getting over the spite of the peculiar circumstances of difficulty of one year, without advertthe times, our foreign trade continued ing to the next. "He begged the House to advance. Respecting the internal to consider tọ what, if they went on in state of the country, he had not the this way, they would come at last? He means of acquiring such accurate in- here related an anecdote which was curformation; but he was informed, that rent in l'rance before the Revolution : the Cloth Trade of Yorkshire bad in
some person asked the Minister of Ficreased a million and a half of yards. It nance how they were to go on for a was indeed impossible to look round, number of years ? his answer was, that without seeing on all sides the symp: the state of things, such as it was, toms of a general increase of trade and would last their time, and after them, wealth; great works, canals, ware- no matter what became of the Finances. houses, docks, inclosures, &c. which In a few years after, came that horrible could only be carried on by an accumu
catastrophe, the French Revolution included in the produee of the ConsoliThe course his Right Hon. Friend had dated Fund, to which it properly betaken would create the necessity of longed; and a new tax imposed to defray adding another million to next year's the interest of the loan. But the Right loan; so that it was only shifting the Hon. Gentleman broke a wisely estaground; he might as well have placed blished principle, merely to make a the charge upon the war taxes.
fetch at popularity, hy a shew of deMr. Rose, in reply to the last speaker, clining new taxes. This, however, all remarked, that we had made such ar- thinking men must feel to be mere derangements the benefit of those who lusion. For the sum thus taken from were to come after us, that no less than the Consolidated Fund must be again 10 millions per annum were set apart supplied by new taxes; and if the Right to relieve them from debt, which sum
Hon. Gentleman should go on from year was more than the whole revenue of the to year, appropriating a part of the surcountry when he first entered into plus of the Consolidated Fund to pay public life. How the resources of the the interest of his loans, it was obvious country had been so prosperous as the the publick could not ultimately be gain, statement of his Right Hon. Friend dis- The Resolutions were then agreed played, he declared himself unable to to. account. But somehow it appeared, that, from the industry and ingenuity of
HOUSE OF LORDS, May 17. our merchants, every prohibitory mea- After a short discussion, in which Earls sure of Buonaparte's had utterly failed Grosvenor and Grey supported the seof their object. In fact, instead of li- cond reading of the Reversion Bill, and miting our trade, it had rather extend- were opposed by the Lord Chancellor, ed, in spite of the hostile proceedings of Lords Sidmouth, Melville, and Redesthe Enemy.
dule, the Earls of Liverpool and CarysMr. T'icrney thought it necessary that fort, the motion was negatived; and some inquiry should be institute: as to the Bill itself, on a subsequent motion the cause of the present state of our re by the Lord Chancellor, rejected. Dursources, in order to ascertain whether ing the discussion, it was remarked by that cause was likely to be permanent, Lord Nielrille, that the Finance Comor merely of a temporary nature. This mittee of the House of Commons, after inquiry appeared the more necessary, as three years investigation, had produced even an old Member of the Board of this single measure as the sole result of Trade professed himself unable to ac
their labours. count for that prosperity upon which the House bad been congratulated. As In the Commons, the same day, Mr. to retrenchment, he heard no proposal Whitbread's Bill for amending the Act of it -- he could see no sigu of it not. for the removal of the Poor, so far as withstanding all the professions that had relates to the regulation of Workihouses, been made. He saw a Vote of Credit was read the first time. equal to that of the last year, when we The House having, upon the motion had Austria and Sweden to subsidize ; of Mr. Martin, gone into a Committee and this vote too in addition to that al- upon the Third Report of the Finance ready granted to Portugal. What then Comınittee, the second Resolution was could be the object of this Vote? It read; when Mr. Bankes observed, tbut certainly required explanation. As to many Gentlemen were of opinion, that the rise in the price of 3 per cent. Stock, Sinecure Offices ought not to be abohe thought it owing to artificial causes,
lished, until some other fund should be by no means indicative of national pro- created, from which his Majesty might sperity, although enabling the Right be enabled to make that provision for Hon. Gentleman to conclude the Loan long services which those occasions afupon such advantageous terms. But forded; he should, therefore, propose the Right Hon. Gentleman seemed to an amendment, coupling the abolition have a great deal of good luck to help of sinecures with the substitution of such him out. In the first year of his finan
a fuxid. cial duties, the Loan was provided by Alessrs. Martin, Bastard, Whitbread, his predecessors; in the second year, and Cunning, supported the amendbetween 3 and 400,0001. of Annuities fell in; and now a surplus produce of Lord Althorp thought the existence Taxes offered, which, however, he
of sinecures unsuitable, for two reasops thought the Right Hon. Gentleman was first, because, when the meritorious grossly misapplying, in setting apart to
service should recur which called for re pay the interest of the Loan. This sur- ward, it was improbable that a sinecure plus ought rather, in his judgment, to be
office would be vacant ; and secondly