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per week, to keep himself and family would add lustre and dignity to the in food and raiment, which is barely Members of Parliament, and extend sufficient, according to the price of the fame of their wisdom and goodness. flour, to keep them in bread alone. " I am chagrined to remark, that in I must acknowledge that, if he applies many Parishes the business relative to the Overseers, they relieve him to the Poor, and the Finances of the with a loaf for every two children, Parish, are very ill attended to s in which certainly is of service; but this some I have found ignorauce and inincreases the Parish Rates, which attention; in others, apathy. That should come out of the Farmer's people should be thus deaf to their pocket, and not burthen the Parish. owu interest, is astonishing. I can only I cannot view the situation of a la- account for the apathy I have obserybouring Husbandman, otherwise than ed, by what I have lately seen and as that of a distressed individual doom- heard at a Justices' meeting, where ed (if married, and with a family ofchil- the Overseers were summoned to apdren) to continual starvation; not be- pear on business of the Parish ; when ing able, with all bis cxertions, to pro- the Magistrate who presided opened cure more than one meal of meat in the business to the parties with so the space of a week: all this he bears much hauteur, and in such an imperiwith Christian fortitude and resigna- ous and tyrannic manner, that the tion. When I contrast his situation appellants were deprived of power of with the Mechanic, I cannot refrain utterance. His tope of voice, his from saying that the industrious Hus- manner and language, almost persuabandman must be viewed by the world ded me that I was in a court where an in general as of a different species; Eastern despot, a Turkish bashaw, or therefore it is necessary he should be an alguazil of Buenos Ayres, presided. kept, like the poor Negroes in the The parties, after they had retired, West India Islands, on a short allows declared that the Parish affairs might
I will admit that it is necessary look out for themselves, for they there should be somebody to bale the would not expose their feelings to such water out of the long-boat; and that insults in future. it is also proper there should be per- That excellent Act of Parliament, sons in subordinate situations, from known by the name of Mr. Gilbert's the Peer down to the Peasant: før Act, is not sufficiently known; by Man is naturally dependent on Man. which the Parish is placed under But the precepts of the Church of a Visitor and two Guardians. I England teach us universal charity have witnessed its salutary effect and benevolenice, with every other where it has been adopted; and in precept to adornaud dignify the mind; one Parish particularly, which is a veand we live under a Government the ry large one and incumbered by nuwonder of surrounding Nations, sup: merous Poor, the Rates have been ported by the Bill of Rights; shall reduced more than one-third; and then the industrious poor Husbandınan where Parishes are small, blending be oppressed, and the reward of his two or three in one would be more exertions, a sufficiency of wholesome economical and humanc, than sufferfood, be withheld whilst his en- ing the Poor to be farmed. ployer is able, froin the profits of It rejoices me very much to find his business, to remunerate him ? - that Agriculture, one principal spring When I behold him (which I have of our national greatness, is flourishmiany times in the course of my ing and still improving ; this is a blesstravels) seated at his table with his ing for which we have just cause to wife and seven or eight children, to a return our humble thanks to the Di. meal consisting only of bread and po. yine Being: Notwithstanding the catatoes six days out of seven, I cannot lamities of war and rapine committed refrain from exclaiming, Oh ! Shame, by the Tyrant of France on the Conti. where is thy sting? oh I Virtue, where nient, and his endeavours to distress is thy glory? I could wish that the our commerce, we are enabled to baf. Legislature of the country would take fle and counteract his insidious acts. into their consideration the situation Let these considerations impress our of Husbandmen, and make their lives minds with the bountiful goodness of more comfortable ; such a measure the supreme Disposer of all events,
his mercies and favours bestowed upon ber of pupils being rarely above fawr us ; our fields are clothed with plen- or .five and twenty, who consequently ty, and our harvest with abundance, can, one and all, be perpetually under whereby the Farmer is become rich, the eye of their much respected Goand bis yards filled with ricks of corn, vernor. The irregularities committed to glad the heart of man.
at Chelsea have been comparatively the industrious Farmer become weal- trifling; and they have almost invariathy, and well able to pay his La 'bly been found to proceed more from boarers the full value of their bire, the gaiety and sportiveness of juvenile without being beholden to the Parish minds, than from any real proneness for assistance.
ttt Yours, &c. BENEVOLUS. Mr. URBAN,
Dec. 10. Mr. URBAN,
Dec. 1. CANNOT help thinking that your ANVERS House, Chelsea, men- Correspondent R. E. K. pp. 438, of that place, is situated in Cheynė late Judge Hyde never filled the office Walk, directly faces the river Thames, of Chief Justice of Bengal. I think, and joins the mansion of your beno. when I was writing the article pp. 203, volent Correspondent Mr. Neild. It 204, that an India friend of mine inwas, as I have been informed, the an- formed me of his having Jatterly suctient family-residence of the equestrian ceeded to that post; but I will not family of Danyers, whose coat of arms, speak confidently. on a very small but exact scale, is to That worthy character was on the 'be seen at the top of one of the doors Bench for the long space of twentyon the first story. The house is large one years, viz. froin 1774 to 1796; and and commodious, and has for a series the Bar of Calcutta never was, nor of years been held by that truly-wor- perhaps ever will be, more adorned thy character the Rev.Weeden Butler, by splendid talents both legal and clasfor the purpose of youthful institution. sical, than it was during the last twelve
The eldest son of this distinguished years of that period. Amongst the Clergyman succeeded a few years most eminent Barristers of that day since to the situation of head-master we may enumerate Mr. Scott, nephew of Harrow-School; and ynother of his of the Duke of Buccleugh, and the sons, the Rev. Weeden Butler, a gen- writer of the Inscription p. 204 ; the tleman not unknown in the paths of late Mr. Stephen Cassan, who filled, I literature, assists his father in dis- believe, more than once, the office of charging the duties of his very labo- High Sheriff of Bengal, and son of M. rious and responsible avocation. Have Cassan, Esq. M. P.; Mr. James Duning myself been, for many months, a kin, cousin of Sir William ; Mr. Damember of this well-known school, vis, afterwards Advocate-General; and having witnessed its internal re- Mr. Strettel, son of T. Streltel, Esq. gulatiops, I consider myself qualified of Cork, who I understand is still to say that there are few, very few practising at Calcutta. private Seminaries, and particularly in The Hon. Mrs. Hyde married, sethe vicinity of the Metropolis, where condly, the Rev. Mr. Paype of Hampthe education, the comfort, the health, shire; and a daughter by her first and, above all, the morals of the Stu- husband married, three or four years derits are more closely attended to, or ago, Mir. Hamilton. more anxiously desired. The leading Yours, &c. ASIATICUS, R.W. principle of the School is, to call forth the good qualities of the youthful mind
Magdalen Hall, 0.5more by gentleness, and by virtuous
jord, Nov. 15. precepts and example, than by coer- AVING endeavoured for a long cive means. of duty bere reigns paramount, and dium of private communication, to 'banishes the servile fear of castigation, procure some authentic and satisfaca fear which debases the human mind, tory account of the life of the Rev. and damps the best, the noblest ener- Dr. Hainilton (author of Letters regies of the youthful breast. These ex- specting the Basaltic Country of the cellent principles can here be more North Coast of Ireland, and many uniformly acted upon, from the bum- other philosophical papers) of whose
Melancholy fate a most interesting
Dec. 6. account has been inserted in your
B pleased to inform your Corre vol. LXVII. p. 974 ; and having occasion for every information which I the Receipt for Lord Pembroke's čan procure respecting this muche Artificial Red Port Wine may be lamented Divine and Philosopher, found in the" Family Receipt Book," whose works are now preparing and by Oddy, p. 550 ; and Barley Wine in nearly ready for the press in a collected the same, p. 237 ; and many other form, I have takeu the liberty, Receipts for making Wines may be through the medium of your widely found in the same book. But perdisseminated publication, to request haps the best Receipt for English that such of your Readers as possess Wine is to be found at p. 187, in the any authentic information respecting "New Family Receipt Book ;” which him, will have the goodness to com- book contains near 700 Receipts, municate the same to me, by a letter one for almost every purpose; and addressed to W. H. at Mr. John Fry's, it is the application of Science to the No.10, Gay-street, Kingsdown, Bristol, common purposes of life, that renders as early as may be convenient. The it truly valuable. leading points on which I am desirous In "Culina,” p. 43, is the followof procuriag information are, the ing Receipt for making Malt Wine, date of his birth, 'some short account by Dr. Hunter, of York : of his family, and from what part of “ Take of (strong beer) sweetwort Scotland his grandfather caine, the 16 gallons; to every gallon, put of date of his cominencing his academic lump sugar one pound; boil it balf career, with the dates of his several
an hour; when, removed from the degrees, and of his subsequent elec- fire, it is become only luke-warm tion to a Fellowship, the period at (such as in brewing you would put which the Royal Irish Academy, of the yeast) turn it into a cask, putting which he was ainong the most active to each gallon two poands of raisins, founders, was established, with a picked from their stalks, and to the copy of the inscription placed over whole, four ounces * of isinglass, his monument (ifany has been erected), with a little yeast ; let it work out of and any other particulars which may the cask (keeping it full) stirring appear illustrative of his truly-va- it every day with a stick, for 3 or 4 luable life.
weeks; when the fermentation is By giving this letter an early place completed, add to this quantity one in your Magazine, you will oblige gallon of brandy, and bung it up. Yours, &c.
W. H. At the end of twelve months, it may P.S. Among the literary labours be racked off, and bottled," of Dr. Hamilton, was a series of vaJuable Letters on the Rise, Progress, made a mistake, in directing four
sure that Dr. Hunter had and Consequeuces of the French
ounces of isinglass ; I therefore wrote Revolution. This tract is now out
to the Doctor, who infornied me, of print, and being deprived, through
the the dishonesty of a bookseller, of the had deceived him, for the quantity
gave bim the Receipt only copy l possessed, I have made should have been only half a dram! numberless efforts to procure another, Notwithstanding
there but in vain. Should, therefore, any
are many valuable Receipts in that of your Readers be fortunate enough
book. to possess a copy, their either favour
Permit me, through your useful ing me with the loan of the work for
Magazine, to present iny hearty a few weeks, or obliging ine with an
thanks to your Bath Currespondent, accurate transcript, will ever be
You certainly could not esteemed a favour; and the book, if p. 409. lent, shall be returned to the person
confer a greater favour on your pufree of expence, and in perfect safety,
merous Readers, than you have done with my must grateful thanks. The by inserling his observations. Pero book to be forwarded according to haps no instrument sivuld ever be the address already given, at Mr.
used on a single opinion, for the pure John Fry's.
poses he inentions. * Only half au ounce should be used. Epit. Genr. Mag, Suppl. LXXX. PARB II.
Ginger Beer. Boil one ounce of Though pale at first, expose it to the ginger, bruised or grated, and the sun and air, and it will soon turn a rind of one lemon, in one gallon of deep black. It may be proper to water ; then add the juice of the rinse it through water, before it is lemon, and one pound of lump sugar, laid by. Stir the powder, of the and the white of one egg: give it a durable ink well up from the bottom ; boil, scum it, and strain it, and pour and before you write with it, rub the off the clear liquor; let it stand 24 linen with the back of a spoon. The hours: then put it in a barrel, but vermillion is added only to colour not bung it tight: in 6 days, bottle the linen. it; and in 14 days, it will be fit for Mr. Parkes, in his Chemical Catedrinking
chism, p. 302, says:.
" A solution of Soda Water, or Soda Beer. Take nitrate of silver, mixt with a little supercarbonated soda, and tartaric gum water, forms the Indelible Ink acid, of each 30 grains, rubbed fine, used in marking linen;" and in a few separately; then put them into a lines below, he says: “ This work is pint of porter, or stale beer, or into designed principally for the use of the half a pint of water, and drink it young and inexperienced.” He should immediately, in a state of efferves- have said, that the nitrate çf silver,
It may also be inade with although mixed with gum water, concrete acid of lemons, and aërated would burn the linen, unless the kali, in water.
linen was first prepared, with a soluTo give a strong body, and fine tion of salt of soda, or salt of tartar. colour, to Čider. Powder two pounds Tartaric acid is in the Bartholomei of loaf sugar, melt it in an iron pot Pharmacopæia, but foot in the last yery gently over a slow fire, so that London College Dispensatory. Dunin about two hours the
will can and Thomson have copied tincture be melted; stir it often :, by this time of myrrh from the College Dispenthe sugar, will look the colour of satory; myrrh, 3. ounces ; rectified treacle. Take great care it does not spirit, 22 ounces ; water, a pint and burn. Take it from the fire, and half. This makes a muddy 'mixture, pour in a very little hot cider at a not a clear tincture ; only balf a time, and keep stirring it, till you pint of water is sufficient. have put in two quarts ; pour in the Yours, &c.
D. cider with a long ladle, and take *** In addition to Dr. Hunter's care it does not fly in your face, or Receipt for Malt or Beer Wine, conon your bands; and at the same time,' tained in the above letter from our another person should stir it with a old and benevolent Correspondent, long stick. The next day, when the we have selected the following, from liquor is cold, put it into 40 gallons a very considerable number which of cider, that which is one year old. have been sent; and doubt not but Mix it well, and stop it close; and that they will be considered tap it in six or eight months. If the abundantly sufficient. cider is thin and poor, four pounds Receipts for Beer or Malt Wine. or more of sugar may be used.
1. Take one pint of sweet-wort to Durable Ink for marking Linen, a gallon of water, and three pounds Cotton, &c. Take lunar caustic, now of good moist sugar to each gallon ; called bitrate of silver, one drachm; boil there together half, an hour ; gun arabic, and sap green, of each take the scum off clean as it rises, four grains ; water, a quarter of an then work it in a tub with a little ounce ; mix it in a glass mortar, and yeast. Tun it; and, when done workkcep it in a phial, well stopped. ing in the cask, add to every two
The Liquid to prepare the Linen. gallons one lemon, with part of the Takc salt of soda (or salt of tartar) rind, and a pound of the best sur one ounce; vermillion, four grains; raisins; bung it down, and it will be water, one ounce and hall, or more; fit to drink in three or four montlis. snix it in a phial: Wet the linen, &c. 2. To thirty pounds of moist where you would write, with a flat sugar, put ten gallons of water i pointed stick, dipped in the bottle of beil it half an hour, skim it well: fiquid. When drs, write lightly. when cold, put to every gallon & thereon with the durable ink, with a quart of good ale-wort of the first clean pen, that has a tine stiff nib. running, and let it work in the tub
stand a year
for two days with a little yeast. Then 10 gallons of Coniac brandy. put it into a cask; and when it has 10 gallons of elder-berry juice. done working, add to it one pound 10 gallons of sloe juice. of sugar-candy, four * pounds of rai- 10 gallons of the lees of Port wine. sins, two ounces of isinglass, and one 80 gallons, to be kept two years. pint of the best brandy. It should remain twelve months in the cask.
Dec. 3. The best time for making it, is either Tore which have
in a great meaMarch or October. [This Correspondent adds, “ At this inclement season of 'sure, lain dormant for nearly sixty the year, it may not be amiss to remind years, may appear to many of your your Readers who are afflicted with Readers, trifling, and useless. Notthe Rheumatism, of a very simple withstanding which, I shall request, and efficacious remedy; that of apply through the channel of your publicaing coarse brown paper to the part tion, some information respecting africted.”]
the mysterious circumstance of Eli. 3. To 18 gallons of water, put 54 zabeth Canping's confinement, and pounds of inoist sugar ; boil these other ill treatinent; an affair which, well for half an hour; skim the li- at the time when the circumstance quor close, and, when cold, put to happened, occupied the thoughts, every gallon one quart of new ale and became the subject of the converout of the vat; let it work in the sation, and the employment of the tub a day, or two ; then put it into pens, of a great number of people. your vessel, with one pound of sugar- I am one of those who believe candy, six pounds of raisins, and one that the said Elizabeth Canning was, bottle of brandy. When it has done on the night of the 1st of January, working, put in about half an ounce 1753, forcibly taken by two men from of isinglass, and stop it up. Let it Moortields, and conveyed by them to
in the cask, and a year Enfield Wash, to the house of a in the bottles, unless a much smaller worvan of notorious bad character, quantity thair the above be made. known by the name of Susannah The ale to be taken out of the vat Wells; and that she (Elizabeth Cansoon after the yeast has been put to sing) after having had a pair of stays it, and the stronger the ale is the taken from her by a Gypsey-woman, better.
named Mary Squires, was thrust Receipt for Parsnip Wine. Three into a room, in which she remained pounds of parsnips scraped and cut in until the afternoon of the 29th of the slices, boiled in one gallon of water, same montb, having during that time till quite tender ; strain the liquor subsisted principally on a scanty from the parsnips, and rub. then portion of bread, and some water; through a sieve; and to every gallon also, that she, on the above-mentioned of liquor, put three pounds of moist day, contrived to escape through a sugar : boil it well three quarters of window, which had been boarded up. an hour ; when nearly cold, work it It is not impossible but there may with a yeast toast. Let it stand ten be persons still living, who, at 'the days, stirring it well from the bottoin; time of the transaction taking place, put it into your cask, first taking off · might have reasons for concealment, the yeast ; as it works over, fill it up and did not come forward to give with sugar and water. Keep it in the evidence, but who now, after a lapse cask a year: half that time will do, of nearly,sixty years, not having the if but a small quantity be made. The same motives for secresy, may, if parsnips should be taken fresh from called on, communicate the particuthe ground, and the water should Jars they are possessed of. ' If this boil, before you put the parsnips in. letter should meet the eye of
any ord Pembroke's Port Wine ; (see such, I shall be much obliged to them another Receipt in p. 523.)
for any particulars they may think 40 gallons of Kentish cider, not proper to lay before the publick. sweet.
There may be also some yet remain
ing at Enfield Wash, who remember * Apother Correspondent, who has sent having seen Mary Squires there, at the same Receipt, says six pounds of the time of the confinement of Canraisins, and a quart of brandy. Edit. ping.