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614Vindication of Miss Holford's Poem ofWallace.”[Vol.LXXX. having lost his road in the darkness ible : but as it is, I cannot help of a very tempestuous night, had laughing at his fastidiousness. I have fallen from the top of a high cliff, I looked for the lautology, but cannot cannot imagine why S. E. Y. should find it: besides, the line is mis-quoted. suppose that the expression of “her I do not know whether this alters the mangled father” applied to “ the case of tautology alluded to by S.E.Y. ; inaiden blossoin of the North." They but standing as the line does now, or undoubtedly refer to Scotland, and to as it ought to do, I am equally uyable Alexander as her King, who is here to discover it. pathetically called "her mangled Skipping over his other truly infather ;" that is, the father of Scot- significant objections, I come to the land. Those who read the whole of remark inade on these lines : the stanza must, I think, instantly “ And dear to my heart sounds the take it in this manner. . What follows mournful swell, is a description of quite a ditlerent As it swings on the air of thy curfew knell." cvents though connected with the He here says: “I will suppose a foregoing, because Margaret was, if Critick (he should have said au illiI understand Miss Holtord's note, beral one) taking advantage of this the grand-daughter of this Alexander. descriplion, and expressing himself This circumstance, while it proves in words like these : a swell swinging the connexion of the whole stanza, on the air of a knell ! preposterous ! proves also, that the words “ her as if the koell caused the air for, a mangled father” cannot refer to swell to swing ou!" Why truly if **the maiden blossom of the North,” the Authoress meant this, it would who was not the daughter, but the be preposterous indeed. But it is grand-daughter of this “mangled equally preposterous to imagine the father.” Let S. E. Y. read the passage expressions were meant to convey in this manner, let him apply the so absurd an idea. expression to Scotland, as indeed I S. E. Y. seems to have been able, think both the grammar and sepse without much difficulty, to place a 'seem to demand, and then let him more sensible construction upon it; say where is the nonsense he so bitterly and after doing this, I wonder he complains of.

should inake himself so ridiculous, as S. E. Y.'s next observation is too to tell the world, he ever thought of contemptible to deserve a reply. I placing such an unwarrantable cononly wish your Correspondent had struction upon it, as he appears to shewn himself more worthy of the have done at first. Church he professes so much to vene

If the ears of S. E. Y. were wounded rate, by displaying less rancaur in at the repetition of the word “blushi," the remarks he has thought proper though occurring in different stanzas, to make.

and six lines apart (by the bye, I could Had he been more liberal in his find much closer repetitions even in ideas and criticism, those professions Pope) his delicate stoinach seems ready of love and veneration for bis Church to heave at the idea of a traitor steeped would have been uttered with more in infamy and scorn! I am really grace, and have come with an air of sorry that such a poem as “Wallace" greater sincerity, than they do at should have fallen into the hands of present.

one so completely blind, either from And so your Correspondent S. E. Y. nature or design, to what coustitutes had his teeth quite set on edge, by the warmth of imagination, or dignity of grating, harsh proximity of the word expression. So far from regarding, “blush,” even though occurring in this passage as mean or faulty, I different stanzas, and six lines apart! consider it as one truly beautiful. I cannot but admire the delicacy of If the poem of "Wallace” is ever that gentleinan's ear; and only won- read aniong the scullions of a cook's. der, when he had put on his micro- shop, the expression of steeped” scopic glasses, he had not discovered, may possibly put them in mind of iheir that “ blush'd” and “flush” come in hashes and soups ; but when perused the same line. Had he pointed this by one whose sentiments are refined out, I should have thougbt his re- . by education, and whose judgment mark more reasonable, though even is unclouded by prejudice and envy then it would have been contempt the expression must strike with all


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that force and beauty, no doubt, “Wallace” it is absolutely nonsensical. intended by the fair Authoress. But why is it so appropriate in Othello,

As S. E. Y.'s other objections seem and so contemptible in Miss Holford ? principally confived to errors of gram- Why, Detector says, that, Othello mar and the press, I pass over there uttered this expression amid all the as not worth attending to here. wild ravings of jealousy. True : but

There is but one remark more of your Correspondent forgot, or like your Correspondent's I wish to notice. S. E. Y. was too blind to see, that He seems to complain of not having Miss Holford uses it when speaking been able to discover that the page in all the warmth of noble indignation. “ David" was no other than“ Agnes" This alone is sufficient to stamp it in disguise. I am really at last almost with the same degree of excellence ready to believe, that S. E. Y.'s as is attached to it by Detector in modest preface is something more Otbello. But, leaving jealousy and than affected diffidence and pretended indignation quite out of the question, moderation ; and that he actually I should be glad if either 8. E. Y. or imagines his faculties to be rather Detector will point out tbe absurdity dull. When he tells us he never of the word “steeped,” supposing it thought of David being Wallace's to be introduced in any other manner. wife, even after he had read the Why, if introduced in any other poem through, I truly cannot forbear manner, it must of course be laughed wondering at his want of comprehen- at! Must it P Let these learned sion : for surely oo one of common gentlemen look to the 14th Book of capacity can peruse the last canto, Pope's Iliad, and they will find these. and not perceive the change of chać lives : racter that evidently takes place in « But how, unbidden, shall I dare to " David.” S. E. Y. must indeed be

steep dull in the extreme, or he has read Jove's awful temples in the dew of sleep?" the poem over in a manner that

And again : reflects disgrace upon him, both as a

“ There golden clouds conceal'd the man and a Critick. This latter I suspect as much as the former ; but Steeped in soft joys,” &c.

heav'nly pair, having now replied to all his remarks

Is it the word steeped they quarrel and objections, I cannot think of obtruding longer on the patience of with? What then do they say to your Readers. With a thorough con

Pope ? Oh? but in him it is no doubt tempt for his paltry observations, I introduced with striking beauty, as take leave of your Correspondent

it is in Othello! Then why bas it S. E. Y.; not, however, without the been termed contemptible ? Why, conviction, that a far more culpable only because it occurs in Wallace and rancorous molive than he seems

Answer me, ye Criticks, is not this

the reason ? willing to insinuaie, has dictated bis miserable criticism ; and that

And now, Mr. Urban, I conclude.

The very high culogium pronounced “ Malice lurks under his heavy brow,

in your Magazine upon the poem of Though the sound of his words inove soft

“ Wallace,” first induced me to get and slow !"

that noble work. Without the least One word more, Mr. Urban, and I prejudice, either in its favour, or have done. A Correspondent in p.: otherwise, I sat down to read it; and 482, sigoing himself Delecior, seems rose from it, after an attentivo like s. E. Y. to have been taken sick perusal, with sentiments of the warmat the idea of a traitor steeped to the est approbation. lips in infamy and scorp!

Seldom have I read a poem where This valiant Critick, after charging such grandeur of expression, such Miss Holford with borrowing from sublimity of ideas, and such harmony Shakspeare's Othello, is not content of versitication, have been so transwith this frivolous insinuation, but eendently combined. Nor is this alone tells her, she has borrowed in a clumsy my opinion. Those whose judgments and ridiculous manner. He acknow- I have every reason to value, give it ledges that the word “steeped” is equal praise; and wherever I hear it introduced with striking beauty in spokeo of, it is only in terms of unShakspeare; but asserts, that is bounded panegyrick! What could


616 Letter from a respectable Lady to a Schoolmaster. (VOL.LXXX. induce S. E. Y. and Detector to sidering together from whence the libel, in the manner they have done, mistake could arise, she recollected a poem with which but few or poue there is another Lady T-; but others of the present day can even vie, where she lives, or who are her I know not. That a work abounding connexions, I cannot learn. with innumerable expressions, that “ I am truly concerned at the very are no less beautiful than they are indifferent account you give of your original, should be called a patch- own bealth and spirits, and indeed work, is equally astonishing; But have more than once this Winter let these invidious Criticks rail: what been so uneasy at wliat Mr. does their criticism amount to ? what had written to me about you, that I have they discovered ? Specks upon have beeu on the point of writing to the sun! What have their objections inquire of yourself, unconsciouable been but frivolous and contemptible as it is to add unnecessarily to the in the utmost degree? Then let us number of your employnients. If leave them to the indulgence of their you follow with constancy the very spleen ; let them spit out the venom necessary prescription of taking air of sarcastic malice till they are tired. and moderate exercise (which is also Censure like theirs, aimed at the a time of relaxation), I should hope, pages of such a poem as “Wallace,” that as the year advances, you will will be like breathing on polished find your spirits improve enough to steel.

feel less of the weight, and more of Yours, &c.

CANDIDUS. the delight, of an employment, which

surely, in some views, is a very deMr. URBAN,

Dec. 9. lightful one. For yours, my good KNOW how sincerely you desire friend, is not the painful dry task of

to make your mouthly publication the rigid (and generally heathen) the vehicle of improvement, as well as Schoolmaster, conversant only in of entertainment, and I have deter- tiresome parts of speech and Pagan mined to inclose to you for insertion, Mythology, and such sort of matters; a Letter from a lady of the first cha- but yours is the part of the affecracter in the religious and literary tionate, though watchful parent ; world. It has been concealed amidst to supply to the rising hopes of those a number of papers, many years ; and whom you love and honour, that it may be of use, of benefit, of con- amiable kind of home, of which, solation, of encouragement, to those without you, the necessity of educathat are now, or may be hereafter tion must have deprived them for engaged in the same tvilsome en- some years, 'Tis yours to instil every ployment wherein this lady's cor- real and useful instruction, by easy, respondent was occupied, when she cheerful conversation, and pleasjug favoured him with this excellent example as well as precept; to dress letter.

up Religion and Virtue with every Yours, &c.

EMERITUS. charm that can engage the youthful " It grieves me, good sir, that I mind to love them; to breed up a should be so constantly unfortunate little set of future Peers and Senators, in ‘iny applications for persons, of and Herves in Christian friendship; whose merit your interesting your and characters formed by your tender self for them is a sufficient proof. care, growing up to love and respect The very first morning I could, 1 you through life. These sort of conwent to Lady T- with your siderations, when yonr spirits are letter; and not finding her at home, become stronger, will soften the hours I enclosed a part of it to her the next of wearisome affliction or infirmity, day, in a long one of my own ; and which all Nature must sometimes she very obligingly came hither last feel. pight to answer it. Alas ! instead of

Delightful task, to rear the tender being intimate with Mrs. P- she

thought, had never so much as heard of her ; To teach the young idea how to shoot, but is so much engaged by your cha. To pour the fresh instruction o'er the racter of this young man, that she

mind heartily wishes for his sake, she really " But I will not go on quoting bad the influence that she has been that beautiful passage in Thomson's represented to you to have. On con Spring, with which, to be sure, you




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are well acquainted. But indeed there ox which treadeth out the coro," is are higher considerations still to re- décisively opposed to every kind of commend the situation of a friendly wanton cruelty and torture in the instructor of youth; for what em- usage of these creatures. The other ployment can there be so instructive, argument quoted by Hunanus from or that which calls into consiant exer- his poet, viz. - because the fox leaves tion so many Christian graces i This a scent, and the houuds have noses, a makes it indeed more fatiguing; but man has a right to kill a favourite useful fatigue is the condition of the horse, and risk his own neck in comChristian warfare, and after a few pavy with these dogs, to run the anishort years, what else will appear to inal to death for mere amusement have been important in any rank or

would sanction the worst propensities situation ? "Tis a great blessing that of our nature, and reduce us to the Mrs. enjoys her health so well level of mere brutes at once. amid so many cares.

I depend much

Our author I conceive to be still on her kind attention to the dear lite mvre unfortunate in his application of

-, in whom, for the sake a quotation from Paley's Theology. of his amiable mother, I am so much This I apprehend is a defence of the interested, that few things for a long moral government of the world, rewhile have given me more joy than specting the propensity of the hrutes your giving her so much by accepting to prey upon each other, which, in the precious charge. I am forced to numberless instances, by a forced and shorten


letter more than 1 design., sudden death, not only prevents a bured, that I may not make it too costly. thensone increase of such creatures, We all here enjoy health. And with but that slow starvation and misery kind respects to Mrs. I remain the aged and helpless of them would your most sincere, &c.”

be otherwise liable to. All this res

soning is in direct opposition to that Mr.URBAN, Liverpool, Dec, 21. systematic prolongation of an animal's

very unsuecessful in his arguments &c.; in which prolongation the princi to prove the propriety, upon Christian, palamusement consists, and wherein or indeed upon any other principles, it not unfrequently happens that some of a certain description of what are of the noblest of anima are literally called Field Sports. To assimilate man

rose to death, while the poor objeet with the brutes, in order to prove his of the pursuit, after suffering a thouright to amuse himself with their mi- sand deaths, if it survive, may be series, is rather too much for human doomed to repetitions of the same nature to bear.

wanton cruelty, and, finally, suffer a The modern Poesy.on Fox Hunt- lingering death. I confess myself ing, &c. to the principles of which he aniongst the number of those who has suddenly become a convert, 48- consider that the most wanton and serts, that Heaven has permitted, or

barbarous custom of bull-baiting, &c. decreed, he does not say which,

&c. owe much of their, baneful conti“That through creation's bounds weakness nuance to such sophistical arguments to strength

as the above; otherwise the powers Its life should yield an unresisting prey." and energies of the magistrates would

If the Poet means; only the conduct be exerted in every place (as they of brute to brute, in how many in- have been so laudably exerted in most stances is the divine permission or de- large towos) to wipe away this nationcree at variance with this assertion; al disgrace; and am truly sorry that a there being as great an instinctive gentleman, who could so feelingly disposition to avoid and resist, as there . quote from Blair, “ I would not treat is to pursue and devour. If he would the smallest insect with wacton cruel. allude to the conduct of man-to man, ty” shoulů, in any respect, become or man to the brute, he is in a still the advocate of pleasures or customs worse dilemma ; as the divine decrees of either the great or the vulgar, in are decidedly in favour of the weak the enjoyment of which so many disagainst the tyranny of the stroug, and gusting scenes of wanton cruelty are have enjoined mercy, towards the the necessary consequence; and, inost brutes. Man's reveuled permission is of all, that he should sign his name only to kill. The positive injunction HUMANUS. in the Jewish law," pot to muzzle the Yours, &c. HUMANITAS. GENT. MAG, Suppl. LXXX. Part II.

Mr. C

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618 Analysis of Dr. Reece's Medical Lectures. (Vol. LXXX. Mr.URBAN,

Leicester Square, animal body, he says, “may be consi.

Dec. 14. dered an animal elaboratory, in which PERIODICAL Works not only dila are continually going on a variety of

fuse useful information, but afford processes dependent on chemical affia vehicle for the full discussion of new nity.” After noticing the different opinions and discoveries, in order that functions of the organs engaged in the their real merit and utility may be assimilation of food and nutrition or ascertained.

mutation of the body, he notices the The parish of which I am Rector powers which may be strictly termed being 'six miles distant from the resi- vital, as keeping the grand digester dence of a Medical man, I have for and the subservient vessels at work. many years paid some attention to This investigation he commences with popular Medicine, for the purpose of the prireary moving powers of the rendering assistance to my poor pa- body, viz. the brain and nerves, rishioners, and a few others, when they This complex organ, the brain, he are afflicted with disease; and to you represents as possessing three powers, I stand much indebted for the charac- viz. intellectual, electrical, and senter you some time ago gave of Dr. tient. It is, says he, the connectReece's Medical Guide, which induced ing medium between the body and an me to purchase a copy, and I have immaterial principle, to which varifound it fully answer the high enco- ous denominations have been given, mnium you bestowed upon it; and in- viz. the soul, the vis medicatrix patudeed it so far exceeds every other po- :ræ, nature &c. a power which superpular publication which I have seen, intends the different processes going that I look upon it as an invaluable on in the system. The brain is thence acquisition; for it has enabled me to the seat of all our intellectual operaafford relief in many cases I durst not tions, as well as our various sensations attempt before I had perused that

It has also electrical pow. work. I have also purchased his new ers, supplying the body by means of System of Physick and Surgery, with its ramifications, called nerves, with the view of becoming more deeply in- animal electrical matter.

The se. structed in Medical Science.


cond organ engaged in vitalizing the these new opinions I became fascina- body is the lungs: they supply the ted; and in consequence of a notice in blood with vital air, which is convey. the preface, that he should deliver ed over the body by the arteries. gratuitously, in October, a Course of These vessels run parallel with the Lectures for the purpose of elucidat- nerves. An union takes place between ing more clearly the opinions broach- the animal electric fluid and the oxy. ed in that work; I resolved to visit gen, in consequence of which caloric

, some friends in London, that I might or heat, is disengaged, and therefore avail myself of his liberal proposal. generally diffused through the body; The doctrines appear to me, although and on the degree of this heat oot only quite new, to be well supported by depend the proper functions of the facts, and so consonant to my own different organs, but even sensation of feelings, that I have been emboldened

the nerves, and consequently the health to send


the outlines of them, not of the body. He makes a distinction solely with a view of giving them pub- between excitability and irritabilitý; licity, but that in your valuable publi- the former alluding to the electrical

, cation they may undergo the investi

powers of the brain, and the latter to gation of such of your scientific rea- the sentient powers of the cerebral ders as may think then worthy of system (which includes brain and their particular notice; that I, as well nerves). That the blood parts with as others, may be better enabled to the oxygen it attracts duriug its pas judge whether they are really support sage through the lungs, is, I believe; ed by facts, and to which I find the

generally admitted; and that the brain author himself is by no means averse. is an electrical organ, the Doctor ap.

In hisintroductory Lecture, he takes pears to prove by many rational expe a view of the living body in a state of riments.' In gouty Inflammation, he bealth, and the processes that animate has collected such a quantity of elecit, and the organs that prepare the trical matter by covering the affected nourishinent, and those that are em, limb with silk, as to conduct it off in ployed in its mutation. The living sparks,


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