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606 Illustrations of Horace, Book I. Satire X. [Vol. LXXX. Tigelliuses: one elder, namely, the Virgilius, Valgius, and Fuscus Arissinger Tigellius, who was so much in tius. On the contrary, it merits obthe good graces of Julius Cæsar, and servation, that the Poet, in this on whom Horace, in the Second and enumeration of those whom he wishes Third Satires, delivers such a fine to please, names first his friends in funcral oration, as on one lately de. the stricter sense, Mæcenas, Virgil, ceased ; and one younger, probably Varius, Fuscus, &c. ; and then, omeither a natural or an adopted heir of bitione relegata,brings upithe rear with the former, who, with inferior abi- his patrons, all viros consulares, prelities and success, endeavoured, as torios and senutorios, such as Messala, far as possible, to prosecute the plan,l Pollio, Servius, Bibulus, &c. No by acting the part of his predecessor less striking is it, as somewhat per(only on a smaller scale) as a virtuoso, haps that equally depended on the an encourager of the fine arts and Roman etiquette, and on the temper sciences. - "That opinion appears to of Mæcenas : that this latter, although acquire from this passas e, and the after Cæsar Octavianus, and next to coinpliment at the conclusion of the Vipsanius Agrippa, was, in fact, the present piece, Demetri teque Tigelli, third person in Rome ; yet, because &c. a pretty considerable degree of he (to speak in the Roman manner) certainty. For, that this 'Tenth Sa. had always remained in the private tire was wrote posterior to the latter, station, is not placed by Horace (as and a good while after the Second decency and respect, according to our and Third, there is no room to doubt. modern notions, would have required)
arridere velim.) Most of amongst his high friends and patroos, those whom Horace, in this tine se: - but between Varius and Virgil; in tence, enumerates as his friends and company indeed with honourable and patrons, are already known to our excellent characters, though mostly Readers in that capacity, from va- of humble pedigree, without any rious other channels, or from divers necessity on the part of the Poet to passages in these Satires ; and the apprehend lest in so doing, he might rest would not, by the little that we disoblige the favourite of Cæsar, and know of them, become more inte- the offspring of aboriginal Hetrurian resting to 115, since, whatever value Kings. we can set upon them, is entirely in Discipularum inter jubeo plorare consideration of their being the cathedras,} Here is a double ambifriends of our Bard. Respecting this, guity in the expression. Plorare ros Octavius, under which proper name jubeo may, with the utmost prosome bave thought the young Cæsar priety, be thus interpreted: As for to be meant, I have (after duly con- you, virtuosi, you Demetrius, and sidering the arguments urged by you Tigellius, you are at full liberty Bentley) given up the opinions i for- to go osnivelling and yelping, as
) merly expressed in my introduction you like it, to your lady-disciples. to the Epistle to Augustus, and agree it is, however, likewise, agreeably with those who rattrer suppose a less to the Roman phraseology, about exalted Octavius (e. i him to whom equivalent to our Go, and be hanged ! the Epigram in the Catalecta, quis I puer, atque miro citus hæc subdcus, Octavi, te nobis abstulit ? is scribe libello.] This order to bis addressed) to be designated by it. amanuensis seems, in fact, to imply The heir of Cæsar, who at this time nothing more than that this Teuth shared the Roman Empire with An. Satire was to complete, what he calls tonius, had long ceased to be called libellum suum, namely, the First Octavius, but was styled Cæs.r, till Book of his Satires ; and that he the majestic title of Augustus was intended now to publish it in this in the year 727, conferred upon hin; form; that is, as a collection of his and nothing could be more contrary Satires put out by himself, and acto the modesly and discretion so con- knowledged for his, which had hispicuous in our Poet, than the im- therto been circulated only in private becile vanity of placing the man, copies. who represented the first personage
END OF THE FIRST Book. in the world, under the name of
W. T. Octavius, between his good friends
Dec. 20. lies of the sons of the Kohathites, of COUR
, 434, wishes to infer, that the only to seventeen thousand Clergy are better remunerated in hundred and sixty, while “ those these days, than they were ever in- that were numbered of the Children tended to be by the nature of their of Israel by the house of their fathers, Original appointment. Aivong the were six hundred thousand and three Jews, he says, one-tenth of the pro- thousand and five hundred and sixty." duce was set apart for one-twelfth of So much then for his argument by the population ; but now, one-third iuference. It will be advisable for of the value of the land goes to him another time to ascertain the maintain one-fortieth part of the ground of his assertions, belore he community; and all this, he is ready ventures to bring them forward so to prove. Now, I confess, I am a boldly. little curious to see how he will set I am also your Constant Reader, about it; for I have very lately seen
LAICUS. a book published by the Rev. Mr. Bearblock, on the subject of Tithes, Mr. URBAN,
Nov.9. in which it was laid down, from ac.
N answer to your Constant Reader, tual calculations, that the Tithe- p. 357, who enquires relative to owner, so far from receiving one- the qualifications and appointment of third, did not, in most instances, Sheriffs, I bey leave to informa hin, receive one-twentieth, and in none that the principal, and, perhaps, only the tenih; and, if the Tithe was indispensable, qualification for that taken in kind all through the king office is, that the party shall have dom, which, perhapis, is the only fair sufficient property within the county, way of ascertaining its value, the “ to auswer to the King and his value woul', for the most part, people." Lists of persous competent be raised 50 per Cent. in order to to serve, are laid before the Judges make it a fair proportional tenth of ou their respective Circuits, by the the annual iucrease. But, supposing then Si.eriffs; which lists are altered it to be the case, that an equal tenth and adjusted by the Judges, as they was originaily intended to be levied see fit. Out of this lists, the names for the support of the Clergy, it is of three persons for each County by no means true, that that body was are chosen by the Court of Excheoriginally supposed to be in a greater quer, during Michaelmas Term; and proportion than that of one-fortieth, of these three, one is pricked (as it is to the rest of the community : for, called) by His Majesty in Council, taking for granted, what I believe. early in the
Should all the also is not the fact, that the Clergy three persons be found unfit, or get do not comprize more than one- then selves excused, another is apfortieth part of the population of pointed from the Judges' list; and these kingdoms, yet their numbers who, in that case, is called “a Pocket must, in the nature of their institu- Sheriff.” tion, fbe stationary; and it is not With regard to the exemptions probable that any great diminution alluded to by your Correspondeut, has taken place in their body, since legally speaking, I know of none; the dissolution of religious houses; though there is one which has been and to that date, when the Church known to operate in favour of mauy was new-modelled, may most pro- highly respectable persons; viz. their perly be referred the present order having served their Counties for many and distribution of Tithes. As to years as active Magistrates. This, the Levites, and their constituting it may be said, is rather a qualificaone-twelfth of the people of Israel, tion thau an exemption. As the if your Correspondent had turned to office, however, is one, though of the Book of Numbers, instead of great dignity and honour, yet often, taking it for granted, that, because of much difficulty, and always atthat people were distributed intu 12 tended with considerable expence tribes, the distribution must neces- and immense responsibility, it is sarily have been into 12 equal parts, seldom -sought for. Persous best he would have found, that the tribe fitted for it, are generally glad to of Levi, when increased by the fami- escape it; which may be the reason,
608 Office of Sheriff. -Epiiaphs.--Starosta ? [Vol. LXXX. why such as your Correspondent
And the Southern inhabitants of mentions, have never arrived at it. our Isle, not to be, out-done in the I know several persons who have pathetic, have in Fareham Churchbeen at great pains to avoid it; but yard, Hants, the following: not one, who, duly qualified, was " In Fareham-harbour I was drown'd, ever disappointed in attaining this And for three days could not be found : high office, when it became an object At last, with grapples and with care, of honourable ambition,
I was dragg'd up, and buried here." Instances have been known, of the Aud these, with the well-known dissuccession of Sheriffs being so con- tich to be found in every direction, of trived, as to keep the Under-Sheriff- " AMiction sore long time I bore, alty in one channel. This is scanda- Physicians were in vain," lous; and, I hope, rare.
Still more constitute the ground on which I rare, I believe, are instances of furnished my preceding reflection. Political reasons having any influence As some of your Readers may rein the nomination of Sheriffs.
collect their boyish days at HarrowYours, &c.
L. school, perhaps the following epitaph
in the Church-yarıl, on two brothers, Mr. URBAN,
may also come to their remembrance. Shadwell, Aug. 22. THE Love of our Country is a
“ How blest are these brothers, bereft feeling that must ever be held
Of all that could burthen the mind; in esteem, and venerated ; and I per
How easy, the souls that have left
Their wearisome bodies behind. suade myself this amor patriæ is nowhere more deeply felt than in the
Of evil incapable those bosoms of those who have been
Whose relicks with envy I sec,
No longer in misery now, deprived of her protection, or at
No longer are sinners like me. distance from home. The story of
Thus each is a Micted no more the Pewter Spoon with London upon it, and its effects on the feelings of
With sickness, or shaken with pain ;
The war with their flesh, it is o'er, Captains Gore and Clark, with their
And never shall vex them again.” officers at Kaniskatka, is well known
In Farminghain Church-yard, Kent: Ănother truth I will oblrude, that “Ye giddy youth, who tread life's flow'ry useful lessons are to be found for
path, reflection and improveinent to travel
With serious thought awhile his dust survey, ers at home, by visiting our Church
No pompous tities did adorn his birth,
But noble virtue, mixt with humble earth. yards; and, although I cannot be
This caution liurn, since such the life of slow praise on the cemeteries within
man, the Bills of Mortality (but much to
Short and precarious is its parrow span, the contrary) yet there are those that
That we, with him to taste celestial bliss, do credit to the parishes to which they Like Balaam pray, our life may end like belong; and this conduct sceins to
his." be justified by antiquity: for, say some Yours, &c.
T. W. antient heroes, “ We will meet thee at the tombs of our fathers."
N , as we find the “poetic fire” on gravesłones, there is much to be learned ; Officer called “the Starosla," who and we can sinile at some, as the fol- is stated by the author to be “an lowing two will prove (and quoted Officer resembling the antient Bailiff froin memory); the other two lines of an English village.” immediately after, do not fail to in- I should be obliged to any of your culcate this useful truth, “that afflic- Readers who will favour us with an tions are the lot of man, and that account of this latter Officer, his medical aid cannot secure worlals appointment, and duties, and when froin their doom.”
they ceased. I have now before me In Fife-shire, North Britain, is to
a “Patent of Clarke of the Markett, be read as follows:
and Bailiff of the Liberties," of a “ Here lieth I, killed by a Sky
very obscure village, granted to an Rocket in my eye, aged Forty."
ancestor of mine, under an Ecclesiastical Corporation, in 1658.
to your Readers.
Simple, and sometimes ludicrous. I frequent mention is made of an