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tions of trades-people, lodging-house- entail no cares, his feelings are imkeepers, and the lower orders in proved by social intercourse, and his general, for the expensive and ele- sympathies enlarged by humanity : gant mode of Clothing, which they public or domestic distress excites his have, within a few years, thought compassion, and it extends even to the proper to assume, than the instance sufferings of the Brute creation. related of the famous Dean Swift.
View the contrast! He tears & Having once honoured a Mr.Reilly, fellow-creature, the victim of his a tradesman, with his company to añger, from friends, and from every dioner, and observing that person's domestic comfort ; plunges him into wife dressed in a very expensive a loathsome dungeon, and almost manner for the occasion, he pre- deprives him of light, air, and sustended not to know her; and, after tenance! without fuel to dry the having conversed for some time with damp chamber of misery, or medicine Reilly, he enquired, with great gra- to alleviate the pangs of disease ! vity, when he should have the plea- I entreat the Readers of the Gensure of seeing his wife. Being in- tleman's Magazine to peruse the subformed that she was in the room, and sequent letter with attention. Here sitting opposite to him, he said, “That they will find the Soldier, who may Mrs. Reilly ! impossible! I have have devoted his life to maintain the heard that she is a prudent woman, freedom of bis country, and the secuand, as such, would never dress her- rity of his fellow-citizens in their self in silks, and other ornaments, fit doinestic comforts and Constilutional only for gentlewomen. No! Mrs: freedom, himself without protection, Reilly, the tradesman's wife, would and deprived of personal liberty; never wear any thing better than plain left to pine in darkness, under the stuff, with other things suitable to it.”
pressure of every want that can emMrs. Reilly happening to be a woman bitter the, mental feelings, and debiof good sense, and taking the hint, litate the bodily constitution, of a immediately withdrew, changed her human being. dress as speedily as possiblc; and, in Here a Prelate, who was wont to a short time, returned to the parlour teach, by example and precept, the in her common apparel. The Dean amities of the Gospel, plunged into saluted her in the most friendly man- this noisome dungeon, acquired an ner, taking her by the hand, and incurable disease, for which a retrisaying, “I am heartily glad to see bution on this side the grave could you, Mrs. Reilly. This husband of never be afforded. yours would fain have palnied a lady Whilst we hcar with horror the narupon me, dressed in silk, &c. for his ratives of foreign crueltics, is it not wife; but I was not to be taken in so.” time to think of our own and now,
Hence it will be perceived, that that they are brought to light, can a the description of persons above men- free and humane nation consiga them tioned, although they may
66 have a
to oblivion : My honoured friend, right to wear what they can pay for," indeed, entertains a hope,
" that would, if they were to dress according these may excite the aitention of to their stations, receive the counte- some Member of the British Legisnance, instead of the contempt and lature.” That this hope may be ridicule, of those who are their supe. realized, to the credit of ihe Nation, riors by birth and education. D.D.D. and the succour of many miserable
individuals, is the wish of LETTER LXIX. ON PRISONS.
J. C. LETTSOM. “ When shall these scalding fountains
CASTLE - Town ; Isle of Mun. cease to flow?
CASTLE RUS EN GAOL., Governor How long will life sustain this load of woe?' of the Isle, His Grace the DUKE OF Why glows the morn ? Roll back thou Athol. Lieutenant Governor, and source of light,
Keeper of the Castle, Cornelius Smelt, And feed my sorrows with eternal night !” Lieut.-colonel in the Ariny. Gaoler,
John Fitzsimmons, Head Borough of HAT a contrast of passions does Çastle-Town; heretofore a private relations ! In his circle of acquaiot- în Ireland ; and now keeps a public auce, happy in enjoyments which house in the town, together with a
farm. Salary, €50. British, besides must arise from transcribing a part of perquisites. Turnkey, Wm. Quayle; the letters in question. Salary, £20. Constables, fifteen, at “ Castle Rushen," says my unknown
#10. each per annum ; one of whom Correspondent, was built upwards is in daily attendance on the Gaol : of 900 years ago, and contains only and besides, are five centineis, on three is habitable rooms, in which guard night and day. Nunber of Felons and Debtors are promiscuously Prisoners, Nov. 10, 1810, Debtors, 9; confined. Here no Insolvent Act Felons, &c. 0. Allowance, none, nor hath ever reached ; neither have the any medical assistance in case of laws of this Island ever provided any sickness. Water inaccessible, but mode of relief for the honest, though as brought in by the constable, or unfortunate debtor. other attendant, of the day.
“ After a debtor has given up all REMARKS. Castle-Town, in the bis effects, there is not any public Isle of Man, is divided into two dis- provision of food, beds, fuel, or metricts, by a small creek, which opens dicine, for persons confined in this into a rocky and dangerous bay. lp place. Many of them, therefore, the centre of the town stands CASTLE suffer the severest consequences of Rushen, which overlooks the country want and wretchedness ; and, as there, for many miles, and was built in the is no parochial support afforded to year 960, by Guttred, a Prince of the their wives and families, they are Danish line, who lies buried within reduced to the greatest distress, alits walls. Founded on a rock, it though formerly enjoying comfort presents the appearance of much and respectability. Strange also as strength; and, previous to the intro- it may appear, no subscription was duction of artillery, must have been ever known to have been entered into impregnable by any force that could throughout any part of this island, assail it. In figure it is irregular, and for the relief of the unfortunate. thought to resemble Elsineur. A stone For, as the indigenous Manx are not glacis surrounds it on all sides. It still liable to imprisonment for debt, their continues to brave the rude injuries of feelings seldom are'iremblingly alive' time, and arrests attention, as a ma, to the miseries of an incarcerated jestic and formidable object. The stranger." early Kings of this island are said to My mournful Correspondent men-, have resided here, in that barbarous tions, as his fellow prisoners, the pomp, which alone could distinguish descendant of a celebrated Antiquary, them in so remote a period.
and formerly M.P. for HA packet sails hither every Mon- who has been confined there for four day from Whitehaven, with the Go- years; the Rev. Mr. M
-, a vicar vernment Mails, and coal-vessels in Queen’s County, 18 months; and daily. Several passage vessels also Major H. formerly M. P. for B. set out weekly from Liverpool, which “This gentleman,” he adds, “was are large in size, and provided with released, in consequence of the nonexcellent accommodations.
payment to him of the Manx-groat That there should have existed, per day; and yet, after a lapse of and perhaps for centuries, a Prison eight monthis, was put into prison for Debtors, in so remote a part of again for the same debt." His Majesty's British dominions, I The writer thus concludes his first. had no intelligence whatever, till it melancholy lelter : “ The darkness was communicated to me by two very of the room I sit in, must apologize interesting letters, dated Aug. 20, for the badness of my writing; the and Noy. 10, 1810, from a gentleman, state of my mind, for the incoherence formerly a Lieutenant-colonel of Dra- of my letter ; and my poverty, for goons ; and, at the time of writing, this paper." an imprisoned Debtor in Castle The court-yard of this prison is a Rushen.
part of the old fossé (the ditch or Whilst I regret that want of know- moat round it) which formerly was ledge which has hitherto prevented filled by the tide ; and the water kept my visiting this lonesome Prison, of in, or let out, as might be necessary which I have been favoured with a for the defence or accommodation of drawing, I cannot convey to my
the inner Castle. It is, of course, Readers a better idea of it, than exceedingly damp; surrounded also
by by high walls ; and seldom does the the above. It lately held, of prisonsun shine upon any part of it. The ers, 13 in number; but now only privy attached to it is not supk, 'as three; besides an infant boy, son of propriety might have suggested; it a man and his wife, who (so strangely is dirty beyond belief; and, in the sum- is the Law here constructed) are both mer months (for some prisoners have of them confined in this gaol for the spent all the seasons here) it eructs same debt! such, almost pestilential, effluvia, On the walls is a small apartment, as to render the court-yard intole- ahout s feet square, said to be a rable. The pump also, ordained to Danish watch-turret, and in which supply the essential beverage of life, one gentleman is detained. is out of order ; and, though long of the above four rooms, it may ago the prisoners have prayed to seem almost difficult to believe, have it mended, this grand deside- though true, that not one has been ratum of comfort is still left in the white-washed in the last three years ; same useless state. Many unpleasant and when they were so refreshed, for instances, both of want and vexation, the most obvious reasons, it was done have occurred, from the negligence at the expence of the prisoners themof supplying the prisoners with a selves, who inhabited them at the regular quota of water. Complaints time. Kave frequently been made on this At present, they are obliged to conhead, which, it is hoped, may never
tribute to the expence of having a again be rendered necessary.
woman to clean out their respective It has been doubted by Manx gen- rooms daily; to pay 2s. 6d. per week tlemen of the Law, whether, and how for the hire of a bed and bedstead ; far, English Acts of Parliament can six-pence a week also for the use of a bind this Island, except in matters of little table and a chair ; and coals cost revenue. Is it thus then that pecuniæ them each about 28. per week. These i omnia obediunt ! or can it be suffered, articles, together with the charge for that imperiunt in imperio shall thus their female attendant, stand each prevail's Such a decision it is the individual (if he has it to command) interest of no one to desire; for to all about 26s. per month, exclusive of it must prove injurious in sonie the expence for candles; and “by the degree, and could benefit no honest badness of this writing," my Correman. We are told, that such laws of spondeut observes, “ yon will readily innovation, even if originating from perceive, that the darkness of our England, ought to be first promulged regions requires them." on the Tynwald Hill, a consecrated * A mind like yours," continues he, spot, in the centre and heart of the " will feel great gratification, in Isle of Man, where all new Laws averting the horrors of an approachare necessarily proclaimed. It may ing winter, by a supply of coals; and be so, locally; but, surely, this rea- Mr.
Merchant, in Castle soning cannot reach to militate against Town, would readily purchase them the common law of humanity. at the cheapest rate, to whatever
The apartments for confinement in amount in money you may be pleased this gaol consist of three principal to remit. From the pits of White
One of them is about 20 teet haven, coats are sold here at a comby 14, with a single window in it, paratively reasonablc price and meawhich does not open, but has two sure; and I presume, that about six wooden panes made occasionally to tons would last through the winter, be taken out, and thus let in air. It which, it is feared, may prove cxwas not long since occupied by 14, ceerling hard." but now by three prisoners only. "The apartments here, or rather
The second room is 14 feet by 12, dungeons, are very damp and cold. having two Gothic windows, 8 inches Mr. S----, who lately occupied the cach in breadth, with an iron bar room in which I am now contined, through the centre. Here, recently, has declared to me, that, had be were nine inhabitants; but now only remained another winter in it, he tuo.
must have entirely lost the use of his The third room is of the same di- limbs.'. A supply of Candles also
and lighted (if light it would be of the niost charitable con: may be called) by two windows like seqnence.”
• The iron-bedsteads, &e. which Island, declaring them to be oppres. you mention, would answer the best. sive, arbitrary, and unjust. If the beneficence of the donor should From the dampness of his prison in extend the number to six (or two Castle Rushen, even in a summer for each room) it would be impartially season of the year, this excellent benefiting the whole : and, in that Prelate contracted a disorder in his case, I would advise, that some im- right hand, which
disabled him, pression, or stamp, should be made through life, from the free use of his upon the iron; such, for instance, as fingers. He ever after wrote back. • The Donation of * * * * * * to the wards, slantiog towards the left, with . Prison (or the Prisoners) of Castle his whole hand grasping the pen., A
Rusnen GAQL.' The kind gift would friend has just laid before nie some thus become exclusively secured, and autographs of Bishop Wilson (an ex perpetuated to the use of the pri- cellent 'Tract on the Visitution of the soners.”
Sick); and but too clearly do they So very singular and unsystematic evince the injury he must have sosa do the proceedings of this secluded tained, from so vile and cruel an in. Island appear, that certain arbitrary carceration, The following lines and lawless events in it occasion less upon the occasion are cited from surprize. The venerable Bishop Feltham's “ Tour" of the Island in Wilson, whose name here is only pot 1798 *, p. 109; and cannot but gra, adored and by whose exemplary tify a lover of Religion and Virtue: life and writings, the world has re
" But, oh! the sad reverse of fate, ceived, and will long continue to
That neither spares the good nor great, receive, unspeakable edification, Not e'en can cherubs paint. was, on the 29th of June, 1722, to- Lo, Envy! brooding o'er the scene, gether with his two Vicars-general, Dash'd with a cloud the bright serene; committed to this destructive prison And bore to RUSHEN's walls the perse of Castle Rushen, for the non-pay.
cuted Saint. ment of a fine, which be had just « There as immurd the good man lay, reason to oppose, and which after- Awhile to Tyranny a prey, wards appeared to be unjust. They Sate Patience, with calm eye; were kept closely imwured within And there too, Faith, who gives to fon, these dreary walls, and no persons O Innocence, thy robe of woe, admitted to see or converse with Oped, through the vale of tears, a vista them.
to the sky." The horrors of a prison were ag. My only apology for writing this gravated by the unexampled severity long letter, is from the hope of its of the then Governor, in not per- attracting the attention of some Memmitting the Bishop's house-keeper ber of the British Legislature, during (who was the daughter of a former the approaching Session of ParliaGovernor) to see him, or any of his ment.I am, dear Sir, yours truly, servants to attend upon him during
JAMES NEILD. his whole confinement; nor was any To Dr. Lettsom, London, friend admitted to either his Lordship or his Vicars-general. They were not
Dec. 13. treated as
AM one confined for High Treason. Their lect of the Feasts and Fasts of the sole attendants were common gaolers; Church. I particularly regret that and even these, we are told, were
the Ember-Weeks are not regarded instructed to use their prisoners ill !
with more solemnity. So litlle is In this wretched gaol, were the good there of this, that many of the peoBishop, and his innocently-suffering ple, I am persuaded, do not even friends, confined for two months; know when they come ; and I and, at the end of that time, released, have known a Musical Festival of upon his Lordship’s Petition to the three days' continuance, held in the King and Council before whom his Ember weeks, in one of the most pocause was afterwards heard and determined. On the 4th of July, 1724, * An elegant Octavo, printed by CruttHis Majesty in Council reversed all well of Rath, and sold by the late Mr.. the proceedings of the officers in the Charles Dilly. See vol. LXIX. p. 44.
with all the strictness of prisoners I amurehmen, who fa ment the nego
pulous towns in the kingdom, to the Mr. Urban, are at present turned absolute prevention of the Public to the momentous scenes passing. in Pravers; and that too, at a season Spain and Portugal. The establishwhen both Clergy and Laity are sup- ment of the Cortes in the former, and posed by the Church to be devoutly the enlightened and spirited Declaraengaged in Fasting, and Prayers for tions published by that Assembly, those who are to be
admitted into. respecting the future government of Holy Orders.
If there ever was a that kingdom, are sufficient to justify time when well-wishers to the Church our warmest expectations. Political were in duty bound to pray for her Liberty will, níost assuredly, be the welfare, the present is such a time. result of the continuance of their de. I think, therefore, blame attaches to liberations; and may we not hope, thase Clergymen, who omit to read, that the slavery of the mind, as to at the proper seasons, one or other religious prejudices, will likewise in of the Prayers appointed to be read time be abolished ? Laymen, we obevery day in the Ember-weeks. The serve, are admitted to a participation Bishops are at their posts at these in the Censorship of the Press; which seasons, ready to do their duty, if may be considered as one step towards there be candidates for Orders ; the general Toleration ; and though at Clergy ought therefore to do theirs present sacred subjects are not to be also, in calling forth aod conducting submitted to the discussion of this the Prayers of the people for such. Censorship, yet every thing may be candidates. As to the objection, that expected from the present temper of Ordinations are sometimes held at the times. other times than the Ember-weeks, In the progress of the struggle for candour requires us to believe sucir Independence, it is njost certain, that cases to be both rare, and of extreme every nerve must be strained, and necessity only. What Bishop would, every species of property brought into under other circumstances, deprive requisition ; and theretore, the Cortes bis candidates of the prayers of the must, from necessity, act in the spirit faitlíful, previons to their entering of the French Revolutionary Governupon the most important of all ment; and, consequently, will in offices? The Sectaries may smile process of time secularise the enor. at the importance which I seem to mous Church Establishments, and attach to the use of a form of words. abolish the rich Monastic endowments, But these hints are not intended for which are scattered over the whole them, but for those Members of the Peniusula. This procedure, at the Church, who know there is a vast same time that it will add to the difference between the use of a form, resources of the State, cannot fail to and formalily, in devotion; and who bring about important revolutions in are well persuaded, that the Al- the public mind. The Roman Camighty may be worshiped in spirit tholic Church comprehendstwo orders and in truth, in the use of a forin of of men equally prejudicial to religion sound words.
and morals-opulent Church Dignia
taries, and Ascetics : neither of these Mr. URBAN,
Nov. 24. operate any good in society, but are L
OOKING over Mr. Faber's work rather, in the language of the Poet, on the Prophecies relative to
“ Fruges consumere nati.” the Conversion of the Houses of Israel and Judah," I fancy I perceive
The continued and friendly inter-, in the passing events an inchoale de
course of all orders of Spaniards with Felopement, according to his expres
our country men, who have so nobly sion, of one of the most difficult and stood forth as their polilical defenders,
cannot fail likewise to do away the obscure predictions recorded by the Sacred Prophets ; viz. concerning
injurious prejudices entertained “the King of the South ;” sic vol. against us as Herelicks, which their 1. p. 30 *.
Clergy, when reduced to their proper The eyes of every person,
occupation of Parish Priests, will no * Mr. Faber, in a note, says ; “ it is longer foment. xot impossible, or improbable, that ére If now we turn our eyes to Portulong some such Power should make its gal, the prospect to me seems even appearance,
still more bright. There the Catholic