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it necessary to communicate to your France or her allies.-Art. II. The offi. Lordship
cers of every description, and the sol Sir, Aldea del Obispo, Aug. 30. diers, shall retain, the former their The painful task has fallen to my lot, swords and baggage, and the latter their of acquainting your Excellency, that I baggage only.- Art. III. The inhabitants was reduced to the necessity of sur shall retain their property, and shall rendering the fortress of Almeida, which not be disturbed for their opinions.--Art. I had the honour to command, on the IV. The military stores and artillery 27th inst.at ten o'clock at night, in con shall remain at the disposal of the French sequence of the unfortunate explosion army, and shall be given up to the Comof the great magazine of powder in the mander of Artillery.-Art. V. The macastle, and the small magazines conti- gazines, chests, &c. shall be given up guous to it, by which dreadful accident to French Commissaries appointed for I was deprived of the whole of my artil- that effect.-Art. VI. The plans and melery and musket-ammunition, with the morials of the fortress shall be given exception of a few made-up cartridges up to the Commandant of Engineers of which remained in some of the expence the French army.-Art. VII. The sick magazines on the ramparts, and 39 bar. of the English and of the Portuguese sels of powder which were deposited in army shall be taken care of and mainthe laboratory. Upwards of half of the tained at the expence of the French detachment of artillery, and a great army, and on their recovery shall follow number of infantry soldiers, besides se the destination of the garrison. veral of the inhabitants, were destroyed MASSENA, Prince of Essling, &c. by the effect of this terrible explosion. W, Cox, Governor of Almeida. Many of the guns were dismounted up Camp before Almeida, Aug. 27. on the ramparts, the works were mate [This Gazette likewise contains a copy rially injured, and a general dismay of a letter from Capt. Selby, of the Owen spread amongst the troops and inhabi- Glendower, dated off the Lizard, the 1st tants of the place.--In this distressing inst. mentioning the capture of the Insituation, I received a letter from the domptable French privateer of 18 guns Commander-in-chief of the French army and 120 men, belonging to Roscoff. The of Portugal, proposing to me that I Enemy, it appears, got among the Owen should surrender the place to the French Glendower's convoy coming down channel army under his command upon honour- in a fog, and took one; but, it clearing up able terms, which, he said, he was shortly after, he struck his colours, after ready to grant : I answered, that I having his sails shot away and several wished to know the terms which he pro men wounded.] rosed; upon which the articles, of which I have the honour to send your Excel Admiralty-office, October 4. This Galency a copy, were transmitted to me, zette contains copies of three Letters and which, after using every effort in from Capt. Nugent, of the Strenuous my power to obtain more favourable gun-brig, announcing the capture by terms, I accepted, with an exception in that vessel of two Danish cutter priva. favour of the Militia Regiments. I hope teers, Aalbergh and Popham, of eight my conduct on this trying occasion will and three guns, off the Naze, on the meet your Excellency's approbation, 10th and 13th ult.; as also of the Danish and that I shall remain justified by the brig Troforte, laden with rye, on the 26th. circumstances in the eyes of my country. The Prince of Essling has been Aumiralty-offiee, Oct. 13. Letter to good enough to allow me to return to Lord Gambier, dated Caledonia, Basque England on my parole, accompanied by Roads, Sept, 28. Major Hewit and Capt. Foley, of the My Lord, Since my letter of the 24th Regiment; and we are now on our 12th instant, detailing the capture and way to France, to embark from thence destruction of three of the Enemy's brigs for a British port.
W. Cox. on the East coast of this road, the small (Translation)
yessels with the boats of the Caledonia Capitulation for the Surrender of Almeida. and Valiant have been successfully em
Art. I. The garrison shall be prisoners ployed in stopping the coasting trade of war, with the honours of war, that is between Rochelle and the Isle of Aix, to say, they shall march out with their but more particularly in blockading three arms, wbich they shall deposit on the of the Enemy's brigs that had sought glacis of the place : Answer, Accepted; protection under the battery upon Point except that the militia, being only few, du Che, and forming part of a convoy to sball return to their homes after having which the former vessels belonged, the deposited their arms; they are not to whole of them laden with timber and serve during the present war against provisisou on account of the Government.
I have now the honour to inform your and an 18-pound carronade on his right Lordship that, the tide being sufficiently in one of the launches. In a few mihigh, and the nights dark, I judged it nutes a considerable body of men adpracticable to effeot either the capture vanced from the village, and were inor destruction of these vessels; but, as stantly checked in their approach by a the Enemy had strengthened his position warm fire from the marines and the with four field-pieces, and their artil- boat; at this period the Enemy had lery men posted upon the beach, and succeeded, under cover of the night,
a low point situated under the in bringing a field-piece to Aank the battery, with a strong detachment of line, which the picquet immediately foot and horse in the adjoining village charged with the bayonet, and took from of Angolin, it was obvious we could only bim, putting the men to flight. The succeed, with the means we possessed, in object of this service being now executed effecting this object but by a coup de by the capture of two of the brigs, and main, and with a force adequate to the the destruction of the other by the fire, resistance that was likely to be immedi- the marines were immediately embarked ately opposed to us. In consequence of in the most perfect order without any this persuasion, I directed 130 marines loss, and only one person, a private befrom the Caledonia and Valiant to be longing to the Valiant, wounded. The embarked in the boats of their respect. Enemy had fourteen men killed in deive ships, under the direction of Capt. fence of the battery upon Point du Che; Sherman, of the Royal Marines of this what loss he sustained by the fire from ship, for the purpose of landing under Capt. Sherman's division, and from the Point du Che, to carry the battery and launch, it is impossible to say, but he field-pieces by assault, and to spike the must have suffered considerably, as his guns; allotting to the other boats of the line was much exposed, and completely sguádron the capture or destruction of kept in check. I have felt it to be my the brigs. I have the satisfaction to ac duty to be thus particular in the detail quaint your Lordships, that this force of circumstances upon this occasion; for, proceeded last night, agreeably to the although the service performed is in itself arrangement I had previously made, of little importance, yet it required the under the command of Lieut. Hamilton, promptitude and exertion of the officers of this ship, with the other Lieutenants and men employed upon it, that freof the squadron, who also volunteered quently is not so necessary in undertaktheir services in the command of the ings of greater magnitude; and I am different boats upon this occasion; the solicitous to do justice to the merits of whole acting with that degree of zeal, all the officers and men employed upon regularity, and attention I had every this service. I must beg in particular reason to expect, and which so much to call your attention to the conduct of contributes to the success of an under- Lieut. Little, who was most materially taking. The marines were landed at engaged upon this occasion, and whose the place appointed, about half-past two loss of his right hand will be severely o'clock in the morning; but, notwith felt, in the hope that the Lords Conta standing the near approach of the boats missioners of the Admiralty will take before they were discovered, the alarm, into consideration the injury he has suswas given froin the brigs, and an inef tained.
H, NEALE. fectual" fire was iminediately opened upon them from the Enemy's guns. Admiralty-office, Oct. 20. Letter from Lieut. Little of the Royal Marine Artil Lieut. Bentham, of the Roebuck, acting lery, immediately on landing, pushed in the command of the Briseis Sloop, forward with the bayonet to the as to Lord Gardner. sault, supported by Capt. MʻLauchlin's Briseis, Yarmouth Roads, Oct. 16. division, with Lieut. Colter, both of the My Lord, I bave the satisfaction to state Royal Marines of the Valiant, and Lieut. to you, that his Majesty's sloop you did me Gouche of this ship, with a separate de the honour to place under my command, tachment, and succeeded in carrying fell-in with an Enemy's schooner at the battery and spiking all the guns. noon on the 14th inst. eighty miles W. Lieut. Litile, in a personal contention by S. of Horn Reef, and, after an anxious with one of the Enemy, when in the chace of eight hours, we succeeded in act of wresting his musket from him, bringing her to action, which she mainreceived the contents in his hand, which tained with determined desperation for was so much shattered in consequence an hour, most part of the time the ves
to render amputation necessary. sels touching; indeed, the severe loss on Capt. Sherman, at the same time, took both sides speaks for itself; the Enemy post with his division upon the road by before he surrendered having eight men che sea side, with his front to the village, killed and nineteen wounded, and, I
lament to say, four men have been killed, Capt. Mainwaring, of the Tartarus sloop, and eleven badly wounded, on board the gving an account of his having sunk Briseis. It is the pleasantest part of my two French privateers off Pillau. duty to state to your Lordship, that the whole of the Officers and sloop's com LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. pany behaved in such a manner as to Douning-street, Oct. 25. The followmerit my warmest approbation. The ing 'dispatch was last night received by prize which has arrived in these Roads the Earl of Liverpool, one of his Majeswith me proves to be the French priva- ty's principal Secretaries of State. teer schooner Sans Souci, of ten twelve Extract of a Letter from Lieut.-col. pounders and four two-pounders, com Keating, dated Bourbon, 21st July. manded hy Jules Jacobs, with a comple. I have much pleasure in forwarding to ment of fifty-five men; she sailed from your Lordship a copy of my dispatch, Anasterdam previous to my faliiug-in under this date, to the Right Hon. the with her, in company with another ves. Governor-General of India, and I hope sel of the same class, for the purpose of the conduct of the forces confided to oruizing on the Dogger Bank against my command may meet with the graour trade. Inclosed herewith, for your cious approbation of his Majesty. Lordship’s information, is a list * of TO N. B. Edmonstone, Esq. Chief Secrem killed and wounded.
tary to Government, Calcutta. G. BENTHAM, Acting Commander. Sir, I have the honour to report that [This Gazette also contains accounts the force, consisting of 1800 European of the following captures : La Comtesse and 1850 Native troops, which the Right de Montalivet, French brig privateer, Hon. the Governor General of India, in pierced for 16, but mounting only 14 Council, has heen pleased to confide to guns, and 57 men, by Rbin ship, Capt. my orders and directions, for the çon. Malcolm ; La Temeraire French schooner quest of the Island of Bourbon, arrived privateer, pierced for 10 guns and six at Roderigues on the 20th June, at swivels, with 35 men, by the Fawn sloop, which time I was absent on the imporHon. Capt. Crofton; and La Vengeur tant duty which has already been delugger, of 16 guns and 78 men, by the tailed, for the information of his LordRevenge, Hon. Capt. Paget.]
ship, in my letter of the 16th of the
same month. The intelligence which Admiralty-office, Oct. 23. This Ga I then obtained enabled me at once to zette contains copies of the following decide upon a plan of attack. On the Letters : the first from Capt. Loring, of 24th June, Commodore Rowley, comthe Niobe frigate, reporting the cap- manding the blockading squadron beture, on the 20th inst. off Cape Barfleur, fore the Isles of France and Buonaof L'Hirondelle French lugger privateer, parte, anchored in his Majesty's ship of four guns and 30 men, commanded Boadicea off Fort Duncan, in the Island by Aimable Le Roy.--The second from of Roderigues. No time was lost in Capt. Upton, of the Sybille, mentioning making the necessary arrangements for the capture of the French privateer the reduction of this Island, as well as Edouard, of 14 guns and 90 men, 210 for carrying into effect the ulterior obtons, commanded by M. G. Moreau, outject of the expedition. From the upfaeight days from Abrevarake.-The third vourable state of the weather we were from Capt. Oliver, of the Apelles sloop, delayed at Roderigues until the mornannouncing the capture of the Somnam ing of the 3d inst. when we weighed bule French privateer, of 18 guns and 56 anchor, and proceeded to the point of men, which, from the damage she had rendezvous, fifty miles to windward of received, he was afterwards compelled the Island of Buonaparte, which point to scuttle. -The fourth from Capt. Cum we reached at four o'clock on the evenberland, of the Saturn, stating the cap ing of the 6th, wben, in consequence ture of a Danish cutter privateer, of one of the judicious arrangements made by gun and four swivels, by the boats of the Commodore Rowley, and the indefatiabove ship, under the direction of Lieut. gable zeal and exertions of Capts. Pym Drewitt, of Ebeltoft, in Jutland, in pre of the Sirius, Lambert of the Iphigenia, sence of six other vessels of the same Curtis of the Magicienne, Willoughby description. The fifth from Capt. Ryves of the Nereide, and Lieut. Robb, First of the Africa, mentioning the destruc- of the Boadicea, the whole of the troops tion of a Danish privateer, on Falstubo were removed from the transports, and Reef, by a boat's crew, under the orders embarked in the frigates, which immeof Lieut. Finnisnere. And the sixth from diately stood-in for the points of debark
ation. It will appear by the disposition * The list contains the names of four made in the plan of attack, for striking killed and 11 wounded.
the first blow at the Enemy's capital,
that there were two objects in view; posed. It now became necessary, if posfirst, to prevent a protracted warfare in sible, to communicate with Lieut.-col. the interior of a country almost inacces- Macleod, the senior Officer with the desible to an invading army; and secondly, tachment on shore, which, in landing, to ensure the final reduction of the had the whole of their ammunition da. Island in the shortest time possible, by maged, and had lost a considerable numsecuring the principal garrison and the ber of their arms. Lieut. Foulstone, of Governor, and the Commander in Chief, the 69th Regiment, in the most hand. whom I knew to be at St. Denis. The
sume manner, volunteering to swim first brigade composed of his Majesty's through the surf, his services were im86th regiment, the first battalion 6th
niediately accepted, and that Officer acregiment of Madras native infantry, and cordingly conveyed my orders to the a small detail of artiilery and pioneers Lieut.-colonel to take possession of, and commanded by Lieut.-col. Fraser, was occupy St. Marie for the night. This ordered to land at Grand Chaloupe, and service was performed by Lieut.-col. to proceed by the mountains direct Macleod, in a masterly and officer-like against the West side of the Enemy's manner. I felt much anxiety for this capital; whilst the second, third, and detachment during the night; and as fourth brigades were to land at Riviere the practicability of disembarking more des Pluies, and to force the lines of de troops to windward, appeared to Comfence extending from the Butor redoubt modore Rowley, as well as myself, very on the North or sea side, to the redoubt uncertain, the Magicienne, havin No. 11, on the South, and from thence board the 2d Brigade, was dispatched to cross the rear of the town to the
about ten p. m. to Grand Chaloupe, to River St. Denis. About two o'clock p.m. which place it was determined that the on the 7th, the several ships baving Boadicea, with such transports as had reached their stations, the beach from military stores on board, should follow St. Marie, to within gun-shot of the in the morning. According to this arImperial Battery, was reconnoitered by rangement, Capt. Lambert, of the IphiCapt. Willoughby of the Royal Navy, genia, being left with directions from and Lieut-col. Campbell of his Majesty's Commodore Rowley to seize the first 33d regiment, commanding the 4th bri. moment of moderate weather to debark gade, or the advance. The weather be
that part of the 3d brigade then on ing then moderate, and the Enemy not board of lais ship, I proceeded with the appearing in strength, it was determined Commodore in the Boadicea, on the to debark the troops. Accordingly, morning of the 8th, with the remainder Lieut..col. Campbell,' with 150 light of the 3d and 4th brigades, and effected troops of his brigade, and Capt. Wil a landing to leeward, at Grand Chaloupe, loughby of the Royal Navy, command about li o'clock a.m. With this force ing a party of seamen, and appointed to under my immediate command, I in. superintend the landing, immediately stantly moved forward by the mountains ; pushed off, and landed their men about at two o'clock a. m. passing over the four o'clock. Lieut.-col. Macleod, of heights, I reconnoitered the Enemy's his Majesty's 69th Regiment, command position, and by four o'clock had formed ing the 3d brigade, with one bundred and the necessary arrangements for the atfifty men, effected a landing nearly at tack upon his capital. Major Austen, the same time. But, at this moment, at the head of the 12th and 33d Grethe wind increasing with much violence, nadiers, and 12th Native Infantry, had raised the surf to an unexpected height, received his final instructions to assail and several boats being stove on the the town in the rear. Lieut.-colonels beach, the landing of more troops that Macleod of the 69th, and Campbell of evening became impracticable. This the 33d, had already passed the Enemy's important object was not, however, strong position on the East of the town, given up, until an experiment, concerted from the Butor to No. 5 redoubt. Lieut. with Commodore Rowley, was put in col. Clarges was well advanced towards execution. A small transport (the Ud- the West of the town with five companey) was run upon the beach, in hopes nies of the 69th regiment, to force the that the troops might be enabled to land batteries on the sea face; and Lieut.. over her stern or under her lee. This col. Drummond, commanding the 2d service was performed by Lieut. Lloyd, brigade, had reinforced with the Royal 2d of the Boadicea, with the usual intre Marines of his brigade, the position so pidity which distinguishes our; Navy; gallantly maintained by the 1st brigade, but the violence of the weather, and on the west of the river St. Denis. natural difficulties of the situation, were Through the exertions of Major Taynton, such as to frustrate the intention pro- commanding the Artillery, and of Capt.
Macintosh of the Bombay Artillery, as he afforded : also Lieut.-Col. Drummond sisted by Lieut.-col. Clarges of the 69th Lieut. Cottel of the Marines ; Captains regiment, and Lieut. Lauhern- of his Pym, Lambert, Curtis, and Willoughby, Majesty's ship La Nereide, commanding of the Royal Navy, commanding frigates : 'a party of 50 seamen, I was enabled to Lieutenants Robb, and Lloyd, of the get forward two field pieces, and one Boadicea; Chudds, of the Iphigenia; and four and half inch howitzer, which were Lauhern, of the Nereide; Lieut. Pye, of descending the mountain, and would the Marines. The Commanding Officers have been in action in less than half an of corps and detachments, the beads of hour. This would have insured the re Departments, and the whole of the staff; sult of the premeditated attack; or, in Capt. Parkinson, of the 33d, Deputy Adthe event of any disaster, secured our jutant-General; Major Vernon, the Deretreat, which latter was, in my opinion, puty Quarter-Master General; Capt. next to an impossibility. Affairs were Barry, who acted as his Aid-de-Camp; thus situated, when I received a mes Lieut. Blackiston, senior Officer of Ensage from the left that the Enemy had gineers; Capt. Snow, Commissary of sent out a trumpeter, with an Officer, Provisons, who commanded the 2d bat. to demand a suspension of arms, and on 12th Native Infantry; Dr. Harris, suhonourable terms to surrender the Island. perintending Surgeon, and Mr. Surgeon There was not a moment to be lost in Davies, of the Bombay establishment.] saving an Enemy completely in The troops without exception, his power, and I accordingly issued imme- Majesty's and the Hon. Company's, Royal diate ordets for the troops to halt. I Marines and seamen, conducted themam sorry that my situation prevented selves with that courage and energy so my communicating, agreeably to his truly characteristic of British soldiers. Lördship's orders, with Mr. Farquhar, On the 9th, agreeably to his Lordship's who was on board of the Boadicea, upon orders, Mr. Farquhar was sworn-in Go. the terms which Commodore Rowley vernor of this colony and its dependenand myself deemed proper to grant to a cies, at which ceremony Commodore brave though vanquished Enemy. I Rowley and myself attended. Lieut.should have mentioned before, that, on col. Campbell, with the flank brigade, my landing at Grand Chaloupe, I bad was dispatched on the 10th for St. Paul's, detached Capt. Hanna, with two com which place he immediately occupied, panies of the 1st battalion 56th regi- causing 1500 of the Enemy, composed ment, to La Possessime, the batteries of troops of the line, Garde Nationale, of which place he took by assault in the Creole Militia, &c. to surrender their most gallant manner. Thus, Sir, in a
Henry S. KEATING, few hours has this rich, extensive, and
Lieut.-Col. commanding, valuable colony been added to his gra- Head-quarters, St. Pauls, Isle of cious Majesty's dominions, with a popu Bourbon, 21st July 1810. lation of upwards of 100,000 souls, and List of Officers killed and wounded.mm with a loss on our part comparatively Flank Corps--Lieut. Spinks and Whan. trifling when the nature of the service, nell, slightly wounded.--86th Reg. Lieut. is considered; a return of which accom G. Munro, killed.-Major W.T. Edwards panies this dispatch, with a copy of the and Lieut. J. Webb, slightly wounded; capitulation. The whole of the service Lieut. M. Creagh, Brigade Major, danhas been conducted so completely to my gerously wounded; Lieuts. A. M‘Lean, satisfaction, that where praise is the just A. K. Blackall, and W. R. White, seclaim of all, it may be considered invi- verely wounded.—TOTAL-1 subaltern, dious to select ; however, the truly mili I serjeant, 16 rank and file, killed ; tary style and rapidity of the move 1 major, 7 subalterns,' 2 serjeants, ments of the Ist 'brigade, call for my 2 drummers, 66 rank and file, I seaman, most unqualified thanks to Lieut.-col. wounded. Fraser, the officers and men under his The garrison surrendered prisoners of command; the same is equally due to war, with the honours of war; and the Lieut.-cols. Macleod and Campbell, and Governor, Col. St. Susanne, is to be the troops under their orders, who landed allowed a passage to the Isle of France, under the greatest difficulties, opposed or to France, upon his parole, not to. by the weather, and an almost inacces serve till exchanged.-- 145 pieces of cansible beach.
non, with 195,000 lbs. of gunpowder, (Lieut.-col. Keating then goes on to were found in the military stores. The praise and return thanks to Lieut. col. dispatches from Adm. Bertie include Macleod, for the gallant manner in the letters of Commodore Rowley and which he took possession of the batter- Capt. Pym, relating to the naval operaies of St. Marie. Admiral Rowley com tions, and which evince that the most manding the squadron, for the assistance cordial unanimity and zeal prevailed be