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ing John, third Earl, who was installed brief Memoirs he sent you, and as
Knight of the Garter, and soon after he is now disabled from replying
made a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to your Correspoudents, he trusts you
to Charles II. ; Colonel of the old may not let the subject farther occupy
Holland regiment; Governor of Hull; your attention or your valuable pa yes.
and Commander of the Forces off Yours, &c. Peter D. ELLIOTT.
Tangier. In the first of James II, he
was sworn of the Privy Council, and ArcuITECTURAL INNOVATION.
afterwards made Lord Chainberlain of

the Household. He was likewise one APPY, thrice hippy, is the hour
of the Privy Council to William III.
and in the ath William and Mary cre- My constant detence in the cause of
ated Marquis of Normanby. To the our Antiquities is rot in vain. The Rev.
first of Queen Anne he was made Mr. Bingley, LXXX. 517, thus con-
Lord Privy Seal, and the next year, fesses : “ The papers of the Architect
1703, created Duke of Buckingham- were, in some measure, a means of
shire. He was one of the Commis- instigating me to enter upon the task
sioners to treat of au Union with Scot of endeavouring to restore the long-

one of the Privy Council; neglected beauties of the interesting Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulo- Church of this parislı” (Christ Church, rum of the North Riding of York, Hants.) An tour that renews all my shire : and one of the Governors of ardour, if indeed such feeling was in the Charter-house.

ang wise depressed; and I now turn His Grace married first, Ursula, again to repel the assaults of “ Amadaughter of Colonel Stawell and widow teur” with lio compion degree of conof the Earl of Conway, but had no fidence. I am an Englislınan ; and an issue : he married secondly, Lady admirer of thearts of my own Country! Catherine Greville, eldest daughter “ Amateur :"(LXXX. 523).-I am of Folk Lord Brook, and widow of not disposed to gire up my reliance Baptist Noel Earl of Gainsborough; upon mi. Moore's authority, in regard but by her he had no issue: he mar io dales; thereiore Durlan with ac, ried thirdly, Catherine, widow of the in point of opinion, stamis where it Earl of Anglesey, and daughter of did.

With respois

to the dispute James II. (sister of Queeos Mary and about St. Denys, this matter will Anne) by Catherine Sediey, Coünless very soon be de ided, as the four of Dorchester ; by this lady, among Views of that Church, cow'engraving other children who died young, he under the patronage of Viajor Anderhad Edmund, born 1716, seventh son, are about lo be submilied to the Lord Sheffield of Buiterwick, fourth Publick. The Westfioni, and South (not fifth, as erroneously stated) Earl side, are already executed by that of Mulgrave, and second and last masterly hand, Howlett; the bast Duke of Buckinghamshire. He died front, and interior from West to East, at Rome in 1735, aged 19, and with bid fair for completion by the same him the honours became extinct. ingenious Artist ;-- then forthe mighty

The lines of Swift, Bourchier, Fair- claim of French “ superiority !"". As fax, and Verney, all failed; and if for the monuments of Lagobert and any descendant's still exist besides Lady Percy, I brought them into those from Joseph Shefield, Esq. comparison for no other reason (inau(which I am by no means disposed to

gre my wint of

“ candour aud vedeny) they must proceed, I should racity,”) than to make plain that Engsuppose, from those females whose lish Artists could do something in their inarriages I have been unable to enu- profession in the way of sculpture and merate: but this is mere maiter of decoration ; and I rather suspect the conjecture.

magnified Dagobert's memorial is not It was only Mr. Price's wish to lay a work of the date alleged, “ the thirbefore your Readers some informa- teenth century,” but of a far later tion relative to that truly noble and period, as it is not uncommon in Seshining character, John D. of Bucks, pulchral history to find the cenotaph and his writings; but he was by no of a deceased character erected or remeans prepared to enter the lists on newed over his relichs, long after his genealogical points. As you have passage from this transitory life. See done him the favour of noticing the the tombs of King Athelstan, Malms


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bury ; and King Osrick, Gloucester; Century. After Salisbury, we natu-
both works allowed to be done in the rally turn to Wells, in the survey of
fifteenth century. I likewise tacked their Wesi 1'ronts; many variations in
together Notre Dame and salisbury, the latter take place, yet not so much
merely to shew, that in England we s, but there is great similitude exist-
had a Church to be admircd” also, ing between them. In Wells, however,
with respect to "windows” and “ the arrangement of the decorations is
lumns." I mentioned nothing about become more splendid and more re-
dates, or comparative styles, &c. fined ; a higher degree of elegance is
Hear, once more, good Nr. “Ama every where brought out; the prin-
teur," " “ Five ailes;" Galilee, at Dur-cipal, or West window story, is of a
ham, Salisbury cathedral, Chichester 1 ore lofty elevation; the columns in
cathedrai, St. Tielen's church, abing higher relief, and shew enriched
don, &c. At the mention of Litch grounds ; the spandrels to the arched
fieid Cathedral, I am again under the heads of the compartments, with their
siandard of Mr. Moore's list, date 1140. pediments enriched likewise, and those
The principal features of the West suveral other coinpartments, contain-
front go with that date ; later parti ing numerous basso-relievo's, which,
culars certainly have been iniroduced. with the niches themselves, filled with
But“ Amateur” seems to tremble in the finest whole length statues,
finding an engraving of this vur ('a both of religious and costumic in-
thedral is fortlicoming in this Miscel terest, form altogether a scene of
lany; therefore he does well before splendour almost without parallel.
hand (to advance his purpose) in en As ter the two Towers, right and
deavouring by every literary slight to left; continued up from the main
bring down under his foot my “fifty body of ti e front, they are of Tudor
years' experience;" and my many workmanship.
thousand sketches.” I will notice to The Interior. In the Western part,
my Readers that, during the whole of or nave, the lines, though much after
this Controversy,

Amateur” se the Salisbury manner, seem to lose dulously turns aside from any thing some ground in competition for like professional detail of building grandeur in respect to the work of the against building, with regard to do gallery story; for while Salisbury sign, and arrangement of parts. No, teems with an infinity of colunns, no ; let him, as I have hinted before, Wells bears on its course only archi5 beware of that" In this “Ama- traves, thick set with mouldings. teur” condescends to accord with my The capitais, as well external as in“ ideas." What becomes of my op- ternal, indeed seem to be the most ponent's “ fairness of discussion;" and material deviation from those of Sa. who is now uilty of a “paltry lisbury,' as they are charged with fraud,” when he, in bringing forward much forid ornament, while those in my citations about English Portals, the latter Church are but partially and only instances that of Winchester, sparingly introduced. I shall not in when I had listed together York, Sa this place bring in, by way


argulisbury, Winchester, Exeter, and ment, the choir division of the buildlastly, the astonishing one of Peter- ing : it appears to have undergone at horough ?-West Front of York Ca soine late period considerable alterathedral. What then, “ Amateur” in tions, as the galieries are over-worked some sort, (though much against his with most elaborate decorations, in will) a'lows the palm of victory to buttresses, arches, pinnacles, and York Cathedral, as being superior to rich compartments to the spandreis of that of Rueims? Is then the man's the groins, &c. anti-national prepossession about to Viestminster Abbey Church ; date, humble itself, his proud stomach, big 1269. Unlike Salisbury and Wells, with the glory of French “superior- here is no West Front; cither with ity” in Art, coming down? Happy, regard to date or workmanship thrice happy, is this hour ; my re (the present front Tudor worn) to ward for iabours past is near at hand, come in proof, so as to illustraie the and I am comforted !

Architecture of this period; therefore POINTED STYLE, &c.

we are directed to the more Eastera (continued.)

divisions of the North exterior of the Wells Cathedral; date, Thirteenth gase. The most obvious change froiu


Salisbury and Wells takes place in the lumns disposed round the ceņtrical windows, which consist of one open one are but of a three quarter proing, containing a combination of jection, while the others, from their mouldings, formed into mullions and very imperceptible detached position, tracery, simple of themselves, yet seem with the rest all of the same evidently combined together so as to solid piece of masonry. Bands, dia produce the geometrical and allusive viding the several heights of the cohgure, Three in One. The buttresses lumns, are still resorted to. The rise the whole height of the elevation, arches to the ailes of the nave become done into three stories, with flying very acule, and the spandrels to the arches or bows springing from them, arches themselves, and those to the so as to be attached, and give suffi- galleries, are filled with sinall ornacient security, to the nave in its upper mented squares (such kind of squares story, affording at the same time a before noticed on the basement of the charming effect in the profile view of West Front of Dunstable Church.) the building. The niches in the but- The gallery, to speak of it in particutresses are like those of the former lar, is beautiful indeed, made out in structures, though of a more simple arches, columns, tracery, in the Three cast. We have now before us an ar

in One ; and I earnestly hope it will rangement, which may be called new

not be thought “ prejudice” with me in this stage of our endeavour to ad- in this instance, when I maintain, that vance the Rise and Progress of the the interior of Westminster is the sum Art, and is perhaps without example; of all Architectural excellence! As it is the external range of the gallery I have often confessed that within its story, made out with a series of walis I first imbibed my early profeswindows, each with one opening, con sional predilections, it perhaps may taining curious tracery, conjoined into account for this


stubborn national the allusive form, Three in One. habit, and my being so staunch an Battlements are introduced, but I ap- anti-Whittingtonist. Although in prehend they are of a date subsequent our Westminster interior the parts are to the rest of the work. The general not profusely lavished, yet they are appearance in the lines of the cleva- most judiciously and aptly disposed ; tíon is of a simple turn, yet evidently a kind of magic influence pervades the possessing much chastity of design ; Pile, which, to a right-moulded Eng. while its extreme loftiness, accompa- lish heart, must ever give the most nied with the unique gallery story, just and firm impression of that which renders the whole at once grand, and constitutes perfection, in spite of the of the most imposing character. And boasted superiority” of St. Denys. while we yet view its leading features But I will not anticipate Major Anwith bigh gratification, we may soon derson's Views ; they will aid my have to lament some rueful metamor

cause more than tongue can plead, or phose, in the premeditated restora- mind diétate. I wait the issue, and I tions about to be entered upon at this ain calm *. side of the fabrick. What has been

Throughout the Progress of the lately done, and is now doing, on Pointed Style, as thus far adduced, Henry's Chapel, strengthens all our oue series of mouldings, ornaments, fears ; fears which will ere long be contour of statues, and other the like general, when John Carter brings particulars, seem to have prevailed forth his Survey of the new work with little or no variation; at least thereon devised and performed ; a the transitions have been so slow and Survey bitherto held back for reasons, imperceptible, that, although the we may be assured, at once politic, great outline of the Art has expressed and of the first Architectural inport. many and important alterations, these

The interior, in the more Eastern their smaller characters passed on in divisions of the nave, partakes in the regular and uniform shew-a pleasing most scientific manner all the proper train, replete with fair instruction ties of the exterior, differing from, and with true delight, Salisbury and Wells also in many

AN ARCHITECT, essential points ; such as the clusters

(To be continued.) of columns, which are found to be nearly one combination of compact * Divisions, both externally and intera materials, as most of the smaller co nally, engraved in Antient Architecture.



July 9. science generally; whence any blind I? T is rather remarkable, that the subject, who happens to be gifted with

Laws of England, and almost every such a'mind and such genius as a Sancivilized nation, should be averse to derson or a Blacklock, may be enDuelling; and it is still more remark abled, like them, to arrive at the able, that amongst civilized nations greatest academic honours. alone this absurd practice should exist.

The Publick will soon be in possegna Those who adopt this mode of set sion of the particulars of an Institutling differences in defiance of the law, tion which is preparing for this huI well know, have too little sense re mane purpose under the patronage of maining to be dissuaded from the cus a Prince of the Blood Royal, in the tom, by any arguments against its vicinity of the Metropolis, where impiety; but I am surprized that gen- blind pupils of both sexes are to be tlemen do not banish such a practice, instructed, not only in the beforewhen they see it so frequently resorted mentioned branches of learning, but to by the vulgar; for it is a well-known in such other acquirements as are calthough ludicrous circumstance, that culated to qualify them for partakmany shopkeepers have lately given ing of and contributing to the general and received challenges in imitation enjoyment of a polite circle. Cards, of gentlemen!

chess, draughts, back-gammon, and It becomes an imperious duty for even dancing, both minuets and the Legislature to enact a law to check country dances, they are represented this vice, as the existing acts are by to be capable of acquiring a proficino means calculated to do this effec- ency in, under a well-digested system tually. The growing evil will never of education, applicable to their secease to be a torment to society, till veral cases, and the variety of cirwe have some such summary mode of cumstances by which the mode of punishment as the following : viz. treating them must necessarily be That if two persons escape from a governed. duel with their lives, they should both In addition to the mcans of acquirbe confined in a mad-house, since the ing learning with which it is intended motive which they fought from is to to possess them, and the various acbe considered as nothing but tempo- complishments by which they may be rary madness;

and, lest their paroxysin enabled to enjoy life in many of the should again break out, this confiue varieties with which it abounds, the ment should extend during the term pious part of the community will of their lives : and in the event of exult and be glad that considerations one of the combatants falling is the of far greater importance than either field, the murderer should in every are not to be unheeded; but that, case, and under every circumstance, through the medium of the Gospel, be banged.

they are to be made sensible of the Yours, &c.

S. H. C. way which is open to thein for enjoy

ing in a future life an ample repara

tion for the want of every blessing Mr. URBAN, HY UMANITAS, who in Vol. LXXX. partakers of in this.

which they may not have been made p. 508, manifested his philan

Yours, &c.

STANLEY. thropic anxieties in behalf of the opulent Blind in this country, will be highly gratified to know that those so Mr. URBAN, long-neglected sufferers will very soon T is remarkable this year, that be enabled to avail themselves of the several Plane Trees are dead in full extent of the benefits derivable different parts of the kingdom, parfrom the ingenious and successful in- ticularly in the county of Norfolk ; ventions of M. Haüy, by whose ar where it is observed that almost all rangements at Paris, almost thirty the Planes are destroyed. Can any years ago, the blind were taught to of your Correspondents inform us, read, write, correspond with their through your valuable Magazine, the distant friends, and by those means real cause of the decay of the Plane acquire a familiar acquaintance with Trees ? arithmetic, algebra, mathematics, mu Yours, &c.

I. A. R. sic, geography, and the rudiments of


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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. We understaud that Mr. Ruding's founded on Astronomical Observa. History of the COINAGE of this King- tions and Trigonometrical and Barodom and its Hependencies is in such metrical Measurements. forwardness, as to attord reasonable The Rev. T'homas Rees being preexpectations that it will be ready for vented by numerous and urgent avothe Press about the latter end of the cations from proceeding with the present year. It will contain an His. “ Familiar Introduction to the Arts torical Account of our Coins, digested and sciences," some time ago anin the form of Annals, from the ear nounced by bim as in preparation ; Jiest period of authentic history, to the Rev. J. Joyce has, at bis partithe end of the fiftieth year of his cular request, taken up the plan, and present Majesty. In a copious Intro- has already made considerable production will be given notices of at gress in the work. It will form One least 140 Mints, which have been Volume duodecimo, and will be illusworked under the authority of our trated by numerous Wood Cuts and Monarchs; together with the manner Engravinys. of working them, the methods used' Å Third Edition is announced, in to supply them with Bullion, the du One large Volume in twelves, of ties of their respective Officers, and LONDON ; being a complete Guide to various other matters necessary to be the British Capital ; containing, in known for the better understanding addition to the Antiquities of this of various facts which will be brought Metropolis, an account of all the new forward in the History. The Con- Establishments and Institutions, Conclusion will point out the pum mercial, Literary, and Scientific; Chaberless errors with which our Num- ritable Foundations, &c. &c. Intermary System has been clogged, and spersed with a variety of original which have for some time entirely Anecdotes, Eccentric Biography, Criimpeded its motion ; and an attempt tical Remarks, &c. &c. Faithfully will be made to correct them, and a abridged and improved from Mr. PenProposal for a new Coinage, upon a nant's London, and brought down lo plan which may possibly prevent that the present year, 1810. By John systematic destruction of the money WALLIS. which has so long prevailed, will be Mr. Rusier of Reading having, submitted to the judgment of the since the publishing of his Catalogue Publick. An Appendix of original for the present year, purchased the papers will be added. This work will Library of the late Dr. Curteis and be illustrated by about 120 Plates of Mrs. CALVERLEY, and some smaller Coins, which will form a series ex Collections of curious Books ; hc intending, with but little interruption, tends offering them to the Publick in through a space of nearly 1800 years. a Second Part of his Catalogue, which An Elevation and Plan of the newly will appear about the beginning of erected Mint will also be given. September.

A Transiation of HUMBOLDT'S“ Ac 'rlie Publick will soon be favoured count of New Spain” has been an with “ The Value of Annuities, from nounced as in the l’ress, and nearly £1 to £ 1000 per annum, on single ready for publication. This valuable lives, from the age of one to ninety Work comprises researches into the years, with the number of years' purGeography of Mexico, the extent of chase cach Annuity is worth, and the its surface, and its political division rate of Interest the Purchaser receives into Intencancies ; the physical asi'ect for his money; and also, for the informof the Soil;, the actual Population, ation and convenience of the professtate of Agriculture, manviacturing sion, and of executors and adminiIndustry, and Commerce ; the Canals strators, the amount of the several which might be carried from the At rates of Legacy Duty payable on the lantic to the Pacific Ocean ; thc Re- value of each Annuity : under the venues of the Crown; the quantity authority of Wm. CampbELL, Esq. of Metals which has flowed from Comptroller of the Legacy Duty: Mexico into Europe and Asia since At'the Sale of Mr. WINDHAN's efthe discovery of the New Continent; fects, the matchless copy of HOGARTH'S and the Military Defence of New Works (bequeathed to him by Mr. Spain : and will be accompanied by GEORGE STEEVENS) was knocked down Physical and Geographical Maps, to Mrs. Windhan at 292 guineas.

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