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26 Mr. Windham. ---Repair of Churches.--Hedgehogs. (July, less than his talents. With an anerring and Mr. URBAN,

July 10. comprehensive glance he seized on general causes, and pursued their consequences

AM highly gratified to learn from I

your Correspondent Stortfordia. far into the future. An enemy to halfmeasures, temporary expedients, and which I alluded in p. 311, is lirely to

pus, LXXX.p.53., that the Church to those palliatives wbich calm the evils of the moment, and gradually lead States to undergo every necessary repair. And their dissolution, it was to the source of though I feel much obliged by the comthe disease he wished the remedy should

niunication, I have to complain of an be applied ; and he judged it

effec- incorrect inference which stortfordiatual, and more prompt, to lay the axe to

nushas drawn from my remark i especto the root of the tree, whose narcotic and the sums expended in erecting an Ordestructive shade spreads death wherever gan, and beautifying the interior of its branches extended, than playfully to pull the Church, From my statement of it to pieces, leaf by leaf. It was, in fine, that fact, he deduces that my opinion in the preservation of France, and in its

must be — that such expenditure was restoration to the rank of a civilized people, that he saw the welfare of his country,

an extravagant waste of money;"

and follows up this erroneous conciu. and that of the whole world. “He never made me any promise that he

sion by observing, that “I should did not fulfil: thus his word alone became

have known that the money tbus exthe most certain pledge to the Royalists. pended is not contributed 'by rate,” A stranger to that narrow policy, as fatal but from “old standing donations.” to those who adopt it as to those whom it Now, Mr. Urban, I beg to assure deceives, which consists in combining false your Gorrespondent, that I did not hopes with means inadequate to their ac- mean by reference to such expencomplishment ; in sporting with credulity, diture, to imply, that beautifying necessity, misfortune, and weakness; and the interior of the Church, or adding in promoting disturbance, with the view of harmony to the solemnity of the sersolely reaping the advantages to be de. vice, was rived from it, indifferent to the fate of the

an extravagant waste of blind instruments it employs ; he has money.". On the contrary, it is a

mode of application I think highly ever spoken to me with the most noble frankness, concerning what the Royalist praiseworthy. But I am mistaken if party had to expect from the British Go- every reasonable man will not agree vernment, as well as upon what we were that the work of reparation (110 matnot to hope for. For a moment, when our ter from what source the revenue is affairs had taken an unfavourable turn in derived) has been begun at the wrong London, he relinquished the managenient end; for, as I before observed, “ in of them, in order to secure us from the the event of the Tower falling,” (and evils which the confidence attached to his which had long been pronounced in a name might have produced, from the

very dangerous state) great part of want of means sufficiently abundant to

the internai improvements u must prevent them; and when the Minister, yielding to the solicitations with which he inevitably be destroyed ;” and I sinwas assailed, appeared to decide on a cerely hope that they may not be inmore general and comprehensive plan jured in the progress of securing the (which certainly would have been prefer- edifice. I trust that Stortfordianus's able to any other, had it not been founded remark as to the Trustees will have on data which bad no existence, but the desired effect; if not, that he will which he undoubtedly would not have perform his promise, by detailing the acquiesced in, had it not been carefully palpable negligence" "he alludes to. and concealed from him, that the adoption of

Yours, &c.

E. W. P. it would inevitably cause the rain of the Armies which had so long contenited in

Mr. URGAN, Tlarpenden; July 13. the Provinces of the West) Mr. Windham hastened to interpose his influence with

AVING, as I hoped, susticiently us, to terminate the scourge of Civil War;

established the fact of Hedgeand I felicitate myself on having most hogs sucking Cows, I had determined preciously preserved the papers, wirich

never more to resume the subject : bear testimony to his humane and gene- but so powerful a corroboration of rous sentiments : of which his efforts to that circumstance bas since occurstop the useless effusion of human blood, red at a village in this vicinity, and comas well as the lively inquietudes he testi- municated to me by such disiuterfied on this account, have been the most ested and unquestionable authority, affecting and honourable proofs *." that I am thereby árost agreeably di* Sưe Memoirs, yol. iii. p. 189. verled from my resolution, and feel


State of the Jews. 27 to

Mr. URBAN, sideration of it to the candour and Thantycamong the Jews will be

Penzance, July 6.

Society for impartiality of your numerous and respectable Readers.

much obliged to Mr. Lemoine, LXXX. Mr. Parrott, a reputable brewer p.514, for the promised continuation of and farmer, who resides at Wheat- his Essays “on the present Stale of the hamstead, three miles from hence, Jews,” because it is a leading object in this county, having lately observed of that Society, to collect the best his cows, though in luxuriant pasture, information concerning the actual to be greatly deficient in affording disposition, both moral and social, of their usual quantity of milk, began that antient and wonderful People. to suspect the tidelity of his servants, Nor will the “ well-intentioned Mem. or the honesty of his neighbours, in bers” of that Society feel surprised, being guilty of privately milking them if Mr. Lemoine, and other learned by night, as neither punctures nor and intelligent men, doubt the prolacerations appeared to furnish con- bability of their efforts succeeding at jecture of the real cause (which, in- present. They are well aware that deed, is frequently the consequence difficulties seem to oppose their efwhen Hedgehogs remain, till satisfied, forts; and will therefore thankfully in the undisturbed enjoymeni of this receive the notices, which Learoing favourite food), and resolved on their and Experience may suggest, and speedy detection ; but, fortunately Philanthropy communicate, for their for the reputation of those suspected, information. They are not ignorant a most intelligent dairy-farmer from that “interested motives” are apan adjacent county, happening to be parently the most powerful : but, haithere on a friendly visit, to whom ving no warrant in the Holy Scriplong experience, added to anxious ob- tures to offer any such inducement, servation, had rendered such occur- the friends of Humanity may rest asrences familiar, suggested the pro- sured that no pecuniary incentive will bability of the milk, having been be held out; but, on the contrary, a sucked by some noxious animals; strong test of the sincerity of the and, with the assistance of dogs, pro- Converts will be this : Cut off from posed examining the pa iure in which the aid of the Jewish community, the cows had been grazing: this pro- they may expect to meet many hardposition being readily acceded to, the ships before they find employment indagation took place, the result of equal to their support. The Society which was, besides those that may offers them instruction, but not have escaped, the immediate destruc- maintenarice. Its benevolent Memtion of two old, and four young bers will not of course reiuse to a HedgeDOGS.

Converted Jew, the benevolence It is scarcely necessary to observe, which they previously manifested to that the cows, since the death of these the distressed of any other nation : little noclurnal spoliators, have given thus far, and no farther, have the their former quantity of milk. Couverted Jews a claim to pecuniary

I trust, Sir, that this sirong addi- aid, and friendly attention. tional evidence, when combined with The Society presumes not to forethat already advanced on the subject, see the time on, or hasten the all-wise will prove sufficiently conclusive, to appointment of Providence. That dispel from the mind of every candid the Jews will be converted to ChristReader, all future doubt of the truth ianity, the Holy Scriptures clearly of this curious and singular Fact. reveal: but whether the period of Candour too must allow, that the their Conversion is now near, or still Gentleman's Magazine is, probably, remote, events only can ascertain. the only publication extant, in which it is, however, certain, that a variety it appears to be so satisfactorily es- of circumstances afford ground to extablished on ocular and irresistibly- piect the time is drawing nigh. To circumstantial testimony.

şay nothing of the wonderful RevoYours, &c. W. IlumPBRIES. lutions which so evidently tend to the “ I have read the above account, final destruction of the Papal and and declare it to be true,

Mahommedan Powers (events which Rob. PARROTT, the best Commentators generally Wheathumstead, July 13th, 1810.” suppose are to precede, and nearly


28 Present State of the Jews.-Canterbury Cathedral. [July, extend to, the Restoration of the competent to afford concerning their Jews) it is very remarkable, that a Sacred Books, which they (though spirit of enquiry has been lately generally sunk in sordid ignorance) springing up among the Jews; and still venerate ; and which their Raba many, in places very distant from each bins + are listie able, perhaps less other, have been brought to acknow- willing, to bestow. ledge our blessed Saviour to be the How honourable to our venerable proinised Messiah. At the same time Church, that many of her most proalike sutprising change respecting this found Scholars have so benevolently long despised, persecuted, and won- associated, in order to disseminate a derful people, has passed upon the knowledge of the Hebrew Scriptures minds of the Christian Nations *. among the dispersed, and hitlerto Politicians have been raising them to despised, Children of Abraham! Withthe rank of Citizens and Liege Sub- out any sinister motive, with no Secjects; and learned Theologians la- tarian zeal, but upon the broad and bouring to instruct them in the know. generous basis of Christian benevoledge of their own Sacred Books and lence, at the expence of much labour antient records. The name of Jew, and cost, offering gratuitous instrucwhich, by the awful decree of Hea- tion to the ignorant, and kind admoven, has been for nearly eighteen nition to the profligate ; in order that bundred years “a proverb, reproach, they may become peaceful, honest, and bye-word among all nations,” is and useful members of society in ibis visibly becoming less and less odious; world, and fit for higher felicity in and serious Christians observe in them that which is to come. a miraculous proof of the Divine Au- Such are the means used, the thenticity of those Sacred Writings object pursued, and the end desired, committed to their charge. They by " the London Society for propasee in Jews the descendants of that gating Christianity among the Jews.' great family distinguished by the To have raised the Jews to the rank Most High from all the families of of Citizenship is perhaps one of the the earth'; to whom Divine Revela- few bright acts of Buonaparte's gotion was given; 66 whose were the vernment : but how much nobler ihe Prophets" and Apostles ; 66 and of effort to rai. them to present and whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ everlasting happmess ! came.”

Yours, &c.

H. B, That the temporary fill of the Jews from the favour of God was to make

Mr. URBAN, way for the vocation of the Gentiles, 'HE lively interest that you have is largely insisted upon by Saint Paul, in his Epistle to the Romans.

He of Antiquity, will, I trust, be a sufaffirins, however, with equal assur- ficient apology for requesting an inance, their liestoration ; and assures

sertion of the following Letter of us, that if in their fall they benefited an occasional Correspondent and conthe world, much more.shail their re

stant Reader. covery abound in glory.

To the Author of the “ Pursuits of If then a variety of circumstances, Architectural lunovation." unparalleled in the history of the

Sept. 29. Christian world, do Bow excite an MOST highly gratified with the peattention to this wonderful people, rusal of your interesting Observations which they never before experienced ; on the zintiert Årchilecture of this surely it is not presumptuous to sup-Kingdom, and your frequent exposure pose, that Providence is operating of those various Improvements and some great change in their condicioni.

Innovations made by MODERN ARWhether, however, the period of their CHITECTS in our licclesiastical BuildConversion he near or remote, cer. ings; permit me to direct your attentainly nothing can be more creditable tion to the following lasis remarks. to this nation, than the being the first During an excursion that I made this to hoid out to the Jews, that instruc- autumn into various parts of Kont, I tion which our learned Divines are so visited the antient and distinguished

* See Atk Os's “ History of the Israel. + There is in this Country at least ites,” reviewed in vol. LXXX. p. 556. ONE eminently learned Rabbi. EDIT.


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city of Canterbury; and amongst the infornied that it had been FITTED UP very many venerable and beautiful re- as a “ CONVENIENT PLACE” to put mains of anziquity which it contains, faggots and coals in *. my attention was naturally attracted passionately exclaimed, ” Is the to its magnificent Cathedral, that no- grand Western Entrance of this veble and elegant pile, not less highly nerable building, which has withstood interesting from its architectural tue brunt of ages, and resisted the viosplendour, the richness of its decora. lence of faction and the ravages of tions, the beauty of its ornaments, tine; is the magnificent Cathedral and the chaste correctness of its pro. of Canterbury, the pride of Archiportions, than from the various spe- tecture, and the Metropolitical Church cimens that it exibits of the style of al- of England, to be turned into a remost every age, from the Norman ceptacle for cvals and fuggots ? Some Conquest to the æra of Monastic Dis- considerable time elapsed before I solutions.

could suiticiently recover myself as As an ardent admirer of Antient to reflect how such a palpable nuiArchitecture, I was most highly de- sance could ever be tolerated; particulighted with my examivation ; and, larly so, as I understand that in the after having enjoyed a rich treat from year 1787, when the Nave was newly a minute inspection of the interior paved, all the Tombs and Gravestones beauty of this venerable pile, I ad- Wire removed, although many of journed to a view of its exierior, and them covered the mouldering refor that purpose hastened to the grand mains of Archbishops and Priors of Western Front, where its large win- , the Convent, merely becausa they dow, 80 exquisitely proportioned and were deemed "

UNSEEMLY OBJECTS" ; richly ornamented with stained and likewise that a beautiful little glass, entirely engrossed iny attention. Chantry + of the family of Brenchley,

After having fully satisfied my cue which from having been retitted by riosity, I proceeded to examine its Dean Nevil for the burying-place of grand Entrance, adorned with various bis family, assumed his naine, and shields and canopied niches, but which which contained several highly-finishpow appeared to be rarely used ; ed monuments, was pulled down solely and was forcibly struck with the rich. from an idea that it “ # LOOKED UNness of its design and the beauty of sigiTLY ;" although a very trifling its decorations. On retiring from this sum expended on it would have been elegant Front, I perceived that a deep amply sufficient for its repairs; and recess on one side of the entrance, as it was erected in the reign of Henry formed between two massive Buttres- VI. it would have now remained an ses, was most carefully boarded up, interesting object for the inspection which at the first view I conceived of the Architectural Antiquary. was done with tiie laudable idea of What, let me aski, would be the preventing the commission of nui- feelings and emotions of a Prior or a sances, or the rúde attempts of those Monk of the fourleenth century, who who too often injure and deface. But, spared neither time, pains, nor exon a closer inspection, judge, Sir, pence, in beautifying and adorning what was iny surprize and astonish- his beloved fabrick, could he now ment, when I perceived that it was behold a part of that venerable pile evidently barricadoed in this “ thus contaminated and disgraced ? I sightlymanoer, merely as a conve- think I may confidently assert, that pient receptacle for stores or other the Minister and Churchwaraens even implements exployed in the repara

of the meanest Parochial Edifice in tion or for the use of the building. this kingdom would be actuated by Disgusted at the sight of such an un- such a reverence and regard for the seemly object, which contributed so

* We have no doubt but that this is much to disfigure the Entrance and conceal its beauty, and at the same

some slight inclosure fura temporary purtime anxious to obtain some more

pose-or that, should it be otherwise, the

present very excellent Guardians of the accurate information concerning it, I

Cathedral will see the necessity of orderapplied to a shop immediately oppo- ing its removal. Edit. silc, and enquired for what purpose t Gostling's Walk, p. 20.5, ed. 1777. these boards had been erected, and I Beauties of England and Wales, Vol. the recess so closely barricadoed. In VII!. p. 855. aliswer to my eager enquiries, I was

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50 Canterbury.--First Earl of Bute.- Preface to Bible. [July, sacred place over which they are ap

dressed these remarks; and can assure pointed guardians, that they would you that they were dictated by no siblush to be the tolerators, much less nister motive, but merely from an the erectors, of such a modern“ ardent desire for the preservation of VENIENCE." How must the admirer those august and venerable kenains of Architectural Antiquity tremble, of Antiquity, which have for ages when he reflects to what modern pur- been the pride and boast of our couilposes.

the whole of this venerable try, and of which I have ever been a building may in time be converted, most tervent admirer. when he now beholds a part, and that Yours, &c.

VIATOR. too the most magnificent, thus disfi


July 5. When Puritanism, like a noxious va- VAN any of your Correspondents pour, overshadowed this country, we too well know to what unballowed first Earl of bute? I am aware that purposes these sacred walls were per- he had several children, one of whom verted; and surely one would imagine was James, the second Earl; and one that, awed by such a conduct, its of the daughters married into a fapresent Members would studiously mily of the North of Ireland. I wish avoid approximating 60 profane an

to obtain an exact account of the example. The rich and ample cudow, births, marriages, and time of dement of this Cathedral, and the im- cease of all the children, as I am about mense revenues attached to it, if not to publish a Work, entitled, “ An expended in beautifying and adorn- Account of antieni mbie Scottish ing *, o'gbt surely to preserve it in- Fanzilies,” and niy production would violate from unsightly nuisances and be deincient without this knowledge. the rude attacks of modern innovation, I tave consulted two or three PeerAs interesting monuidents of Na- ages of the day, and amongst these tional Architecture, some portion of Debrett's, whose information is always those riches should be appropriated to be depended on, but hilario withi. for the preservation of their anticut out effect. in iis last edition, i persplevdour. If such extensive power ceive he goes no farther back than be vested in a Chapter as to disfigure, James, the second Earl. disgrace, and contaminate the Struc- Youis, &. A VERY OLD SUBSCRIBER. tures comınitted to its care; if it be authorized to pull down such paris


July 18, which in its wisdom it may deem un- T

ME Preface to our English Bible, sightly, and on the reparation of which 1 which in general is printed only a small sum timely expended would with the folio editions, does not scem restore to their pristine beauty, we to be so well known as it deserves to tremble lo anticipate to what lengths be. It was written, as Wood informs this power may be extended, and us, by one of the principal Translators, what serious consequences the revolu- Miles Smith, bishop of Gloucester, an tion even of a few years may possibly Oxford man, educated in Brazen-dose produce. In such cases, i contend, College, who " for his rich and acthat as publie Monuments of the le- con piished furniture” in bistory, was ligion and the Architecture of the called “I walking library.Tam at country, the strong arm of Legislative present reminded of this Pref:ce by Authority should be exerted to pre- what a “ Constant Reader" has oba serve them from contamination, dis- servce* from Du Vin,

" that in all grace, and ruin. To you, sir, who ages, the Church (of Rome] exhorted have ever proved yourself so zealous the faithful to read the Scriptures." a friend for the preservation of Ec- On this head the writer of the Preface clesiastical Architecture in your firm Says: " Now the Church of Ruine aud manly exposure of those various would seem at length to bear a moIniprovements all linovations made therly afi

ion towards her children, by jodern Architects, I have ad- and to allow them the Scriptures in

their mother longue: but iudeed il is * The short but satisfactory Letter in Vol. LXXX. p. 18, is, we think, fully suf- * Vol. LXXIX. p. 1200. See also what ficient to answer this part of our Curre- the same Currespondent says Vol. LXXX. spondent's Leiter. Erit.

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