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tentively, this second volume, it is ous, sentiments, to return to those pur. only justice to say, that it contains suits more congenial to its habits, and all the animation and pathos of the
more auspicious to its views. When the first, equal zeal, piety, exhortations, congregation retire, inay before they are
withdrawn from the house of God, the most and remonstrances, earnestness, and
trilling topics seem to occupy the thoughts persuasion. We find in this volume
and engross the conversation of the multimore doctrinal discourses tban there
The effect, therefore, of prayer are in the other ; but the character
and adoration, of instructive persuasion, of the Author appears equally in is entirely lost; and however collected both: he is every where pious and may have been the mind, and attentive persuasive. We meet with no dis the ears, of the hearer ; however the obplay of learning, with no refined cri- jeet of our worship, the Great, the Mighty, ticisms. The Author seems to consi as he is styled by the Prophet, may have der a sermon as an address to the been presented to the understanding, whe
ther clothed with justice to condemin, or congregation, to persuade them to become better men.
- too, pro
too many discard all thoughts of what secuting his purpose by the common
they have heard, and of the everlasting mode of dry, abstract reasoning, his
consequences which await it. Upon such application is made invariably to the
men, a uiscourse has no influence. heart: he does not consider his solicitous, therefore, to persuade you, herrers as machines, or impassive my brethren, first to bear with attention, beings, but as moral creatures actu and then to ponder with seriousness. The ated by hopes and fears, as having Church to wbich you profess to belorg the most awful interests at issue, and calls upon you, calls upon all her chilas indisposed to their own good: he, dren, to awake out of sleep. Do you therefore, expresses himself with vehe
live regardless of your everlasting salva
tion ment solemuity, and as personally in
unconcerned about your future terested in their choice of life or
destiny? She beseeches you to consider
without delay that the night is far spent, death. That our readers may be
that you are hasting with rapid steps to convinced we make a just represen the place prepared for all living, where tation of these Discourses, we present repentance is precluded, and acceptance them with the conclusion of the Ser denied ;' and she euforces her admonition inon on Advent; it is 'an instance of by the awful certainty of the graves giving oratorical persuasion such as we sel up their dead, and of the Son of God coming doin meet with in sermons :
ugain to judge the world in righteousness. “ To prevent this horrible situation, in One would imagine it impossible that any volving at orce the displeasure of God person, conscious of his offences against and the loss of salvation, uneasiness in God, and of his being speedily to account life, alarm in death, and misery through
for them, could hear one moment such out eternity ; let me engage the continu
awful truths, and eject them the next ance of your attention, whilst I earnestly from his memory, as altogether indifferent exhort you to awake out of sleep-o'rouse
in themselves, and as in no wise conduyourselves from the torpor of insensibility cing either to the glory of his Maker, to cast away the works of darkness,
or the furtherance of his own salvation. and to put on the armour of light !-It is To persuade men to awake out of sleep, a lamentable consideration, that the most is the great difficulty of the Christian important truths, when delivered from the Preacher. Of sleep, the insurinountable pulpit, however attractive by their ap obstacle to the success of his labours, pearance, powerful by their conviction, whatever they may boast of vigilant atteuand interesting by their appeals, are ge tion, of judicious application, and of zeanerally no sooner heard than forgotten. lous energy. The preacher preaches but in The preacher may be admired, and the vain, because men are dead whilst they doctrine approved ; the understanding live : they will not think, because they do may acknowledge the strength of the ar not feel. But ye, of whom I hope better gliments, and the heart proclaim the things, be ye persuaded, Christians, that warmth of the address; but no sooner is the day of the Lord cometh, that it is nigh at the subject concluded, than the reflection hrinet. Instead of trusting that no evil will which has been excited ceases, and the overtake yo'l, contemplate your situation ; interest which has been awakened expires. behold yourselves on the edge of a preciThe chief cause,
may be supposed, of pice, where it is difficult to withdraw, ima such great insensibility, is the total want possible to continue, horrible to fall. Let of preparation of the heart to receive the this season, which commemorates the word of God; together with the eagerness coming of the Son of God in the flesh, as of á mind slighily impressed with religia preparatory to his second coming to judge
when we consider on what basis their love mities, and who has for three years taand adoration is founded.”
ken advantage of that age and those infir
mities, by every dishonourable and upLeaving this modest allusion to our
constitutional njeans, to whisper falseSovereign, and Mr. Byerley's love hood in the royal ear; enrich himself and and adoration of Buonaparte, for a the miscreants around him," &c. &c. moment, we must advert to the praises he bestows on those virtuous dismiss, as we do the whole of the
But enough of this rant, which we statesmen Sieyes and Talleyrand, which exactly correspond with those he has volume, with an expression of surbestowed on their master. But the prise and shame, that the principles decency of his comparisons again Buonaparte should have found an
of Machiavelli and the practices of challenges our notice. After repeat- advocate in this country, who hesiing many of the phrases Buonaparte tates not to insult his sovereign and makes use of, such as,
" that he his fellow-subjects by such compariowes his success to the justice of his
sons as we have, perhaps too proCause, and that he only visits the
15. Introduction to an Examination of some words:
Part of the internal Evidence respecting P. Ixxx. “But the reader may ask, Is the Antiquity and Authenticity of certain he sincere ? Quite as sincere in his reli Publications, said to have been found in gion as any other mondrch !"--" His reli Manuscripts at Bristol, written by a gion, therefore, is one of the springs of learned Priest and others in the 15th Cen. his grand political machine ; and though tury; but generally considered as the some say he wonld not scruple to change supposititious Productions of an ingenious his religion as often as his linen, provided Youth of the present Age. By John he could obtain any political advantage Sherwen, M. D. Piinted by Meylers, by it, yet I do not see how be can be taxed Bath, for Longman and Co. London. with hypocrisy any more than ourselves. AFTER the opinion of the pubIt is true, he makes his hypocrisy subser- lick had been so long and so decidedly vient to great purposes ; while we, on the declared in favour of Chatterton's contrary, make a parade of it without any claim to the authorship of these ceostensible purpose, unless it is, indeed, lebrated Poems, we confess it was to stamp us with perfidy and inconsistency not without surprise that we opened in the eyes of the world.”
the volume before us; of which, as After thus involving the Prince it is our duty, we will now give our and people of this country, in one readers a faithful analysis : but we common charge of hypocrisy, and will not, as others have done, give a hypocrisy far worse than that of our own opinion, or an enumeration his idol Buonaparte, and having be- of the arguments and opinions of stowed as much praise on Buona- those who have written on the con. parte's Ministers as he could spare trary side of the question, and call from the great man himself, he pro- it a Review of the Author's Book ; ceeds, by way of contrast, to say a justice to whom, and to the cause of few words on our ministers. But as literature in general, demanding very our readers are probably beginning different treatinent from every wri: to feel some disgust at these quota- ter who undertakes the important task tions, we think it necessary to pro- of a Reviewer. We mean to reserve mise that what follows shall be the
our own opinion till we have seen last :
every thing which the Author intends P. xi. “Machiavelli next treats (chap. to bring forward on the subject. 22) of what he considers the index of a The work cominences with a short monarch's wisdom, the choice of minis- but neat dedication, offering the proters, and how good ministers may be fits of the publication to the Literary known. This is a delicate subject for an
Fund in Gerrard-street, Soho; which Englishman to treat of in March 1810;
we suppose the Author expected let me draw the veil over the infirmities
would at least have conciliated the naturally attendant on old age; let me not touch the hallowed precincts of my good opinion of that honourable So. Venerable monarch's sanctorum, but ra- ciety, and have been a passport to
He comther blast with infamy the wretch who, in its general circulation. the House of Commons, asserted that mences with a very proper apology his Majesty is laden with age ayd infir- for re-entering upon the controversy,
and gives several instances in which lar number in en.” Pages 36, 37, the late Messrs. Warton and Tyrwhitt 38, 39, and 40, contain a cloud of have misinterpreted passages in vari- passages from Chaucer, Lidgate, and ous Poems edited by them. He con
other antient writers, in which this siders such inistakes on à par with same alleged inaccuracy has been those committed by Chatterton as the committed: and the Author here first editor of Rowley. Some very gives an instance of his candour as striking ones of the latter are men a controversial writer: tioned; and he promises to exhibit, “ We are now, therefore, compelled to in a succeeding part of the work, a admit, that an author of the fifteenth cenmuch more abundant crop, which tary might have used any or all of these have not been hitherto noticed. irregular verbs, as they are called by Mr.
In pages 17, 18, and 19, he has sa Tyrwhitt. And we at the same time ada tisfactorily proved that Rowley's mit, that any modern fabricator might Poenis preserve the genuine mark of very easily have done the same; so that antiquity in mentioning a transaction nothing accrues, in this point of view, to of the time passed in the present But very different,” he adds, “must be
either side of the question in dispute. tense, contrary to a very positive the judgment of every candid reader on and unguarded assertion of Mr. War- adverting to the participle of the present ton. He demonstrates also that Mr.
tense formed from this FICTITIOUS past time. W. did not understand the eve-speckt -Enthouglateyng, Rowley-inwealthying, wing of the owlet; and gives very Drayton. He must be credulous, indeed, strong reasons for believing that who can for a momeut suppose that any Chatterton was as iguorant of its · modern fabricator, however learned or meaning as Mr. Warton ; shewing, experienced, much less that an unlearned at the same time, that it is a beauti
and inexperienced moderu school-boy ful and a correct antient expression.
should, either by accident or design, have
manufactured this coincidence of irreguAt page 23, he notices an assertion of one of the most acute writers on
larity, to which so learned a commenta
tor as Mr. Tyrwhitt was a stranger. The the Rowleian controversy, the Au terinination of the first person singular in thor of “ Cursory Observations,” &c. en now ceases to be a stumbling-block to a work which he has erroneously the vindicators of the antiquity of the ascribed to Mr. Warton ; but which Poems of Rowley; whilst the past partiwe know to have been written by a ciple, and the fictitious time, must change gentleman equally experienced as a sides, and for ever stand as an objection critick and commentator. We also to the claim of Chatterton." know that, although it was not writ. At page 42, &c. the Author vindi. ten by Mr. Warton, it had the ho cates the following phrases, which nour to obtain his entire approba. had been objected to on various action. The assertion was, that counts by Mr. T. viz. “ Calked from
throughout the Poems attributed earth these Norman Hyrdes shall be" to Rowley, we never find a noun in iny sou ! my son ! alleyne ystosthe plural number joined to a verb in ven is.” And he proves, contrary the singular; an offence against to an asserlion of the same learned grammar which every antient poet, Critick, that Lydgate and Chaucer from the time of Chaucer to that of have repeatedly used the word shup Shakspeare, has frequently commit or shape in the sense of fate. His ted, and from which Rowley, if such disquisitions on the swarthe and swara poet had existed, would certainly theynge spryte, independent of their not have been exempted.” Pages 23, relation to the controverted question, 24, 25, 26, and 27, are occupied with are amusing and instructive. an enumeration of more than 60 in In respect to the Rowleian or stances in which Rowley's Poems ac Chattertonian expression of everych tually do contain the very grammati- eyne,” which Mr. Tyrwhitt thought cal inaccuracy which the above un no antient writer would have used, guarded assertion declares them to be any ivore than that we should now free from.
say “in every eyes ;' Dr. S. proAt page 35 he combats a contrary duces satisfactory quotations, in objection of the late Mr. Tyrwhitt, which“
every customes,” “ everie “ that a capital blunder runs through humoures,” every inhabitantes," all these Poems, which is alone suf
every woods,” and “
every armes," ficient to destroy their credit, viz. completely establish the propriety of the termination of verbs in the singu.
"everie eyne:" from which he draws At page 135 the reader will find an this obvious and natural conclusion : amusing note on the night-mares, "I cannot believe that Chatterton which our limits will not permit us was better acquainted with this pecu to copy. Dr. S. considers them as liarity of the old English language les nieres de Nuit, of the French, certhan Mr. Týrwhitt.”
tain night-hags, ideal beings of the He has defended the words alyse Gothic or Fairy mythology, as little and alyne, alledge, adente, ascaunce, understood by Chatterton as the waasterte, and aumere, in a manner ter-witches of the same minstrelle's very different from any thing that songe-hut here he begs pardon of appears in the works of Dr. Milies or the reader for adducing “arguments Mr. Bryant. And as to the warlike affecting the claim of Chatterton in a instrument the assen glaive, which part of his work intended chiefly for Mr. Southey pronounces to be un an appreciation of the critical and known, it is by Dr. S. explained in a editorial attention of the late Messrs. manner that will not admit of either Warton and Tyrwhitt.” doubt or cavil.
After defending such a number of His disquisitions on blake and the proscribed expressions of Rowley, swarthe are exceedingly interesting; he concludes with the very bold asand the former has afforded him an sertion, that the three grand objecopportunity of elucidating several tions of Mr. Tyrwhitt to the language obscurities in the plays of Shakspeare. of Rowley's Poems are absolutely so This, indeed, is a part of the publica. many arguments in favour of their tion which cannot fail to give general authenticity. The objections were, satisíaction to the admirers of our that they contain, immortal Bard. Our pages have, in 1. Words not used by any other the course of the present year, al
writer; ready recorded some excellent criti- 2. Words used by other writers, but cisms on different passages of Shak
in a different sense ; speare by Dr. S.; and the work before 3. Words inflected contrary to gramus contains several others. Amongst
mar and custom. the rest, he has pointed out the true Dr. S. asserts, that if Mr. T.“ had, meaning of “the noise of battle hur with common attention, applied his tles in the air," and has thereby re own great experience to a similar exinoved a difficulty which has been felt amination of Chaucer, Gower, Hocand acknowledged by every preceding cleve, Lydgate, or any other writer commentator.
of the 15th or 16th centuries, he Dr. S. in an early part of his work would have found it equally easy to appears to be duly sensible of the have produced similar lists ; nay, that great objection to the antiquity of he might have done the same if he these Poenis froin the harmonious had brought his examination down as flow and modern cadence of the ver low as the æra of Shakspeare, Massification. How he will be able to singer, Beaumont and Fletcher, or surmount this difficulty, we cannot even Ben Jonson). If Rowley's Poems easily couceive: but we can perceive had not afforded such lists of unusual that he expects to do so; and seems words and phrases, they might have to have the utmost confidence that been arraigned as spurious on that he can refute every other objection account with much greater propriety." with ease.
This is certainly turning the tables Many other expressions which have upon the believers in the ability of been objected to, he shews to be ge- Chatterton with a very high hand ; nuine, and demonstrates the use of and we think it incumbent upon them self as a substantive in various instan- to point out the fallacy of the conces from antient Authors, contrary clusion. “I have similar lists,” the to the assertion of Mr. Tyrwhitt. Author adds, ready to be produced From the errata and corrections of from Chapman's Homer, Phaer's the same Critick, he restores --- did Virgil, Robinson's Rewarde of Wickbee, bie thanks, and stythe ; and we edness, and several others, which are think he has silenced every objection here suppressed, as they would into the use of the verb banne in the crease the bulk and price of this pubsingular pumber.
lication : but any person equally idle
may very easily collect the same from them; but another still more cogent aný work prior to the age of Shak- might serve as a justification in the speare, or from Shakspeare himself.” breast of every good man, which“ is
We have now given an outline, the prudential and moral edification though far from a complete one, of which the perusal of them inay afthis publication; which we do not ford (his) readers, especially the hesitate to say may be read with plea- young and rising generation." And sure and satisfaction, both by those who can deny his position, that “ the who believe and those who disbelieve humbler and private life, and the in the abilities of Chatterton to have faithful, unreserved, and fearless repooduced such highly-finished poetry presentations of it, are the proper as that attributed to Thomas Row schools for the best and most salutary ley: and we repeat, that we mean to instruction of the human race ?" reserve our own opinion till a future Having said every thing we deem period ; pledging ourselves, in the necessary to excite imitation in this mean time, that whenever Dr. S. instance, we shall proceed to notice shall again appear before us, we will the Memoirs on the head of their give the same candid account of the own merits; but we cannot honestly contents of his performance.
commence our labours without comThe benevolence of the Author's plimenting the liberal declaration of intentions will justify the addition of Mr. S. that he has been sincere and a few quotations from his work ; but explicit in his_narrative, even on octhese we must defer till another op- casions when frankness militated portunity. (To be continued.) against himself. The dedication is
to Miss Porter; and, contrary to 16. The Memoirs of the Life and Writings most addresses of a similar descrip. of Percival Stockdale; containing many tion, doth not invite patronage: it is a interesting Anecdotes of the illustrious tribute to disinterested friendship, Men with whom he was connected. Writ- and the “ most refined and exalted ten by himself. In Two Volumes, 8vo.
virtue;" a friendship which called Longman and Co. 1810.
this Lady froin “the genial and IT has always been our opinion charming scenes of Surrey” to the that a literary man cannot render a “ bleak and dreary wilds of Northummore acceptable service to the pub- berland,” for the humane purpose of lick than to present it with his own “soothing an aged and unfortunate memoirs : : we must, however, be ull
Poet, contending with a most afflictderstood to allude only to those who ing nervous disorder," which had have received the approbation of their weakened and deranged the powers fellow.citizens, fairly manifested by of his mind. “You, Madam,” he the patronage of their writings. It continues, “condescended to be the is by this means that we become ac hunible copier of the following work. quainted with numerous incidents il. By your care and accuracy, my at. lustrative of the lives and pursuits of tention to the press has been free eminent persons, which would other from the many extremely perplexed wise be confined to the immediate embarrassments of iny manuscript, circle of their friends, and at length which were occasioned partly by the be consigned to oblivion. Modesty lapses of my memory, and partly by and diffidence have too frequently the increasing and awful mental infirprevented authors from dwelling on mities of old age.” The concluding their own transactions through life, paragraph of the dedication asserts : though they have been equally ho « The almost unexampled greatness nourable to themselves and their of your conduct to me, cannot be ascountry. This silly fear of the stigma similated to the characteristicks of of egotism should be discouraged, the present age; it must be thrown and Mr. Stockdale's manly example back ivto the remote and better times followed. The self-love alluded to of the heroick; or it must be elevated by that gentleman, as the motive for to the ethereal region of the romanpublishing his own Memoirs, is “a tick and imaginary virtue. It may fair and allowable self-love :” the excite the surprise of common minds ; “ desire of the attention of posterity,” of little' souls, it will most probably and even of his contemporaries, was be honoured with the ridicule; with one of his inducements in composing their spurious and in vidious wit." We