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don, he adds, has wounded him with hension that Byng would not fight."
With what poetical pleasure, with what merous acts of kindness: he is conse
ascending of the soul, have I walked, ou
an evening after sun-set, on the old paquently severe on the strained com
rade at Gibraltar: Through the finest pliment paid to his wemory by John- atmosphere, an ether of spotless and vivid son, as one who " increased our stock
azure saluted the eye, and charmed the of harmless pleasure.”
mivd. The galaxy streamed with a gol“By Horace and by Pope, we are den and white eftalgence, totally nasulconfirmed in the knowledge that lied with Northern vapours. All the hea. •The suns of glory please not till they their splendid eloquence, displayed the
venly host shed down the emanations of set:'
magnificent characters of Deity, gave the but there are selfish and gloomy demonstrative lye to Atheists, and prominds, who, even when those glorious claimed, with oracular emphasis, the thesuns bave set, cannot be perfectly. plogy of the skies. The regions below reconciled to them; and choose to bore a part, in this divine service, with stumble wlieu they pretend to bow to
those above. Bland and gentle was the their mentories.". In this part of the
air ; and it conveyed from the geraniums Memoirs many amusing anecdotes of
and fiowering shrubs of the rock their
aromatic odour. The fragrance filled the the stage, and its most eininent mem
atmosphere; and it seemed a pious evenbers, are introduced ; amongst which, ing sacrifice; an offering of gratitude from not the least entertaining is the ac the earth to the benignity and grandeur count of Macklin's performance of of the heavens.” Macbeth, in the year 1973: the op A narrative still highly interesting position and support of enemies and succeeds this sketch of Gibraltar; a friends, as usual on such occasions, narrative which affords a striking conprevented the hearing of the first trast between the pusillanimous cunthree acts. “ The veteran, however, duct of an Admiral and the bravery of hardily persevered ; and it was curi- his Captains. The gallant Ward was in ous and diverting to see him sone the act of imitating Cornwall, in times leave Macbeth (into whose per- breaking the Eneniy's line, whea Byng sonage indeed he had never properly hailed him as he was advancing, and entered) and resume Charles Macklin. ordered him to keep his station, He broke off his conversation with “ Many of the truly-British sailors of his lady, advanced to the edge of the this brave man had crowded round stage, clenched bis fist at his enemies, him, and requested hin, with inexand addressed them in loud and me- pressible.ardour, to lead them to the wacing language."
Enemy. Ward burst into tears; and Mr. Stockdale was appointed to exclaimed Wbat can I do, my worsail with his regiment fur Gibraltar, thy fellows? You see that my hands in the feet under the command of are tied. This gentleman, too, gave Admiral Byng. He saw that ofticer a fatal wound of evidence at the but once, and then to solicit a favour: court-martial of Admiral Byng. By contempt, however, seems to have this infamous pusillanimity of Byng, been the result, on both sides; yet the two largest ships in the flect, the our Author speaks in high terms of Ramillies and the Culloden, were not his heroic and commanding exte- in the action.” rior, which did not deceive Geo. II., The year 1757 witnessed Lieut, * who frequently declared his appre. Stockdale's matured dislike of the
profession of a soldier. He endea- ness, while curate to Mr. Thorp, vours to assign many causes for this vicar of Berwick, where he begau dislike; all of which may be well “his uofortunate profession of an au. founded. We peaceable Reviewers, thor,” At one time, when Mr. S. on the other hand, are at a loss to had nearly exhausted his stock of account for the taste of those who money, he offered by Advertisement like the soldier's life: it is this dis to teach languages. The manner in taste for slavish inactivity, when not which this address to the publick was on actual service, that urges young worded attracted the attention of men to seek “refuge from indolence Mr. Ayrey, though he had no want and reflection in those false and per of an instructor; and, to bis infinite nicious pleasures which, as soon as credit, Mr. S. found him “ the most they are passed, nay, even while we benevolent a id generous man, and enjoy them, aggravate our calami the warmest and most genuine ties, aod increase the melancholy of friend," he ever knew. We afterthe mental scene.” During the time wards find the subject of our Review that part of the army to which Mr. on-board of digerent men-of-war in 8. was attached was encamped at the capacity of chaplain. In the deChatham, Mr. Whitefield, the Method- sultory manier pursued by Mr. S, ist, applied to the Commander for we again meet him in the company of perinission to address the soldiers, Garrick, who related to bim that he "Make my compliments," said Lord never received a greater complient George Sackville, "Smith, to Mr. to his acting than from the Hon. Whitefield; and tell hin from me, Charles Townshend. This social Wit that he may preach any thing to my and Orator of the Senate met one of soldiers that is not contrary to the his brother members of the Privy Articles of War.” This anecdole intro- Council in the street, “and, after duces some judicious strictures on ile the first compliments and the news of frenzical deciriues of the Methodists, the day had passed, he roformed him one of wbum asserted in a rhapsody, that there was to be a Privy Council mis-termed a sermon,“ that when in the evening. With all my heart, David committed adultery with Bath. (replied Townshend, ) I shall certainly sheba, a!d sent her husband Uriah not attend it — for Garrick plays with a letter, which was to procure his Kitely tv-night.” death, to the Jewish camp, he was as It had been the wish of Mr. S. and sure of the favour of God as in his most his friends, that he might obtain full virtuous and pious hours.”—“Good orders, and a living in the island of God!" exclaims oor Author, " how Jamaica ; and, for the former pure my hand trembles while I am writing pose, he waited on Dr. Lowth, Bi. this sentence, so blasphemous against shop of London, in 'which Diocese the Creator, so destructive of human that island is placed, with such testivirtue. In this instance, it is hard to monials as the peculiarity of bis situsåy whether the King or the Preacher ation enabled bim to procure. But was the greater criminal.”
the learned Prelate resolutely refused The first volume of the Memoirs his interference; nor were the remontérminates with the words, " in the strances of Dr. Johoson of any avail, middle of November 1757, I bade Dr. Thurlow, Bishop of Lincoln, and adieu to the army for ever;" and this afterwards of Durham, actuated by event was accomplished by tendering a more liberal spirit, admitted him to his resignation. In the year 1759 he priest's orders in the Temple church was ordained Deacon by Dr. Trevor, on Trinity Sunday 1781. He at Bishop of Durham; and went to Lon- length reached his present retirement, don, as the substitute of Mr. Sharp, ln closing the two volumes before in the curacy and lectureship of us, we are conscious of having omitDuke’s-place. He declares he began ied the noticing of many curious facts; his office with sincere and pious in- but we must observe, in our justifitentions to revere it in his practice, cation, that, where so great a variety It is to be lamented that an ampie prevails, it is impossible to do inore confession demonstrates Folly bad not than invite our Readers to peruse the taken her leave of him at this period; work in question, by dwelling on as he waged five years of determined such points as served to attract our war against his credit and his happis attention, and support our assertion,
that the encouragement of these Me “ How deeply this sentence,” (conmoirs will be no inconsiderable grati- tinues our Author,) “ if enforced, fication to the publick, independent must affect the object of the present of the claim they possess as strong undertaking, is of itself sufficiently recommendations of Religion and evident without explanation. And Virtue.
this consideration will, it is pre
sumed, 'justify the temerity which 17. The Romantick Mythology ; in Two ventures to question its conclusive
Purts. Part II. Faëry. To which is ness, however recommended by high subjoined, A Letter illustrating the Origin authority. Its apparent force seems of our Marvellous Imagery; particulurly to rest in a supposition that romantic as it appears to be derived from the Go
fictions are indebted to the credulity thick Mythology. 4to, pp. 197 ; Caw
of the times in which they are' ad. thorne; 1809.
mired for their influence over the injaTHE professed object of this Au gination. But how little support this thor is, to collect such parts of our assumption, which offers such manifest popular superstitions as are suited to violence to general feeliny, receives the ends of poetical embellishment, from fact, may be easily shewn; as, and to arrange and embody them in a
it may be clearly evinced that the exsystematic Mythology. in vindica- istence of those beings whose agency tion of the utility of his plan, be re- is employed in poetical machines, marks, that fiction of the romantic wa not merely considered problemaand marvellous kind, has ever pos- tical, but rejected as impossible, from sess: a charın for readers of every the earliest period of the art; from description ; and the most admired the time when Poetry began to di. poets of every age and country ap- rect her motions under the guidance pear, as it were, fascinated by its en
of pure unsophisticated Nature, to that chaatment. Of the poets of our own in which she began to assume the country, he selects (but certainly formal air, and to study the affected with a bad arrangement) the names of graces of foreign Criticism. No other, Shakspeare, Milton, Spenser, Fletcher, creed was professed by the poet who Drayton, Pope, and Dryden, as illustri- had some interest in securing the ous instances; and farther remarks, probability of his fictions; no other that our most judicious critics seem belief was recommended to the reapretty uniformly of opinion, that the der, whose gratification would have most exquisite specimens of poetical been heightened by complying with talent are those which are professedly so pleasing a delusion." This last fanciful, or, at least, those which position our Author endeavours to abound most in marvellous imagery. prove, by the instances of Chaucer
On the other hand, however, he and Shakspeare, neither of whom allows, that " among those who have . wished their readers to believe in the expressed so decidedly their ad.wira- existence of the supernatural agents tion of fanciful poetry, some are ob- they employed. served to discourage the attempts of We are far, however, from consithe modern poet, who would under- dering what he has here advanced as. take to revive or imitate it, now that tending to discredit the sentiments of it has lost hold of vulgar credulity, those criticks who would banish the and is destitute of the support of po- wild fictious of superstitious times to pular superstition. Such are, in the nursery.
To their opinion, indeed, the sentiments of some of the deed, we are disposed to lean, al. most profound and scientific of our though we inay run the risk of being critics; who are, however, distin“ distinguished rather by the seveguished rather by the severity of rity of our judgment, than the sensitheir judgment than the sı'nsibility bility of our taste.” The question is of their taste. They have proceeded not whether romantic fictions were so far as to proscribe all compo indeb ed, in former times, to the sitious built on such a foundation; credulity of those times, (although and to exclude them from holding we do not think our Author very any rank among the legitimate pro successful in proving the negative, ductions of the drama and epopee; since a belief in the agency of witchand to banish them from the closet to craft may still be discovered among the nursery."
the 'vulgar in our own days;) but
scholar, as an instructor of children, halter and a three-legged stool, had I not as a Christian minister, Mr. Butler been comforted by the assurances of my bas lamentably compromised his own eminently-learned friend, that he saw nopersonal dignity. Never should a thing in the remarks of the Edinburgb sullied his private fame and his pro- declarations, I ventured, with the assistman, so gifted and so placed, have Reviewer,” &c. &c.
“ A little cheered by these flattering fessional cloth, by standing on the
ance of hartshorn and lavender-drops, a same common stage with a mounte
bottle of port-wine, and a white pocketbank's zany, and grinning through a handkerchief, whilst my 'learned friend collar “ad captandos risus."
was amusing himself with his pipe and the Thus, seriously considered, low in- newspaper of the day, once more to perdecorous are the following strange use these formidable strictures, And passages! how fiat, weary, stale, and never did I experience more satisfactorily, vaprofitable are the jokes! bow void or more decisively, the truth of that proof true humour! how forced, and verb, which I need not tell you is to be how upnatural!
found in a fragment of an antient Greek
author quoted by Vauvilliers, who says, " Alas! I cannot describe to you how that I became alternately pale and red, how I For, as I read, I felt re-assured. I threw
μου φαμιλιαριτη βρηδς κοντεμπτ. trembled, and started sometimes five my
my physic to the clogs, and my port-wine chair, sointtimes dashed the houk against down my own throat, which wonderfully the wall, and then picked it up again ; contributed to raise iny courage, and, by sometimes clasped my hands, and some the time my much respected friend had times should have toru my hair, if iny finished his newspaper, I had laid aside head had not luckily been shaved, as I
all my fears, and all my intentions of setproceeded to read that profound and ela- ting off to visit the ghost of Æschylus.” borate critique."
In this execrable and dolorous Now, all this language may be the effusion of liveliness and gaiety of strain Mr. B. is pleased to amuse heart, the pert, flippant wanlouness himself, and disgust his readers, of contemptuous raillery: to us, ne
throughout the major part of his letvertheless, who are in a grave mood ter. The mumiery already cited is ourselves, and perhaps not quite po- suflicient to justify censure infinitely
more severe than what we have reacquainted with the genileman's disposition and habits, Mr. Butler really pulls off his cap and bells, however,
luctantly expressed. Whenever he appears to sneer and smile in agony; he fails not to command respect and whilst his dire Sardovic laugh is hyslerical, and ultered in paroxysus of indignant sympathy: the whole paconvulsion.
ragraph commencing at p. 18 and In all puesible cases, suicide is hor- ending at p. 20, completely exposes rible; but the suicide of a man of let
Mr. Blomfield's “ malicious misrepreters and a divine, is far the most sentation,” as our Author calls it, dreadful of all family catastrophes. and with much propriety. We are For instance, the sudden death otsu, h sorry that Mr. B. was induced by any a man (not long since) was felt like a
consideration to pen the apology in violent shock greatly beyond the p. 25: it is very affecting ; and also wide circle of his intimate friends. very usatisfaciory. The long, teFor this result, many good reasons
dious note in p. 46, ought to have may
be discovered. of him, to whoin been omitted, for the same reason. much wisdom and ķuowledge are
In p. 63, Mr. B.'s passion for drol. given, much propriety of conduct lery soars with a vengeance, till it and conversation will justly be re
picrces the clouds. All is sublime quired; and from him any careless and, we njust add, all is obscure. intimation of even the bare possibi “I am very cautious in firing my canlity (much more the probability) of nons; but I think I can venture to dishis countenancing SELF - MURDER, charge one with great advantage, as it comes with a mischicvous force. will afford an unerring guide to all the What shall we say, then, to expres- doing this, I shall be more liberal than
corruptions of the Greek MSS. And, in sions such as these?
some of the graver doctors of the HerIndeed, as the day was chill, the metic art, who used to wrap up their al. wind loud, and the clouds lowering, I chemical arcana in mysterious and impeshould probably have set off in quest of netrable obscurity. My receipt for the the shade of Æschylus, by the help of a opus magnum carries its own recommen
Since many changes unforeseen may rise Hence springs, with various temp'raments To thwart those hopes and alienate the endu'd,
(prude; prize :
(round The shrew or wanton, the coquette or So great the fears, the dangers that sur From whom, in turn, th' aërial race deThose elfia hoards, entrusted to the
[fiends : ground!
Sylphs, water-spirits, gnomes, and fiery.
Each, in its native element, assign'd “Hid in some haunted tow'r, or lonesome wood
A form congenial to its parent-mind. Relentless spirits o'er the
The melting nymphs acquire a kindred treasure frame
[ing flame; And he who 'tempts it should the deed atchieve
Of watry clouds; the fiends of smonld'r
Gross earthly coils terrestrial gnomes asAt gloomy night, or in the glimm'ring Should come untended, search the spot Wave their web-wings, and bover through
(the gloom; alone,
Fine airy forms the subtier sylphs array, Then boldly delve, nor dread the dismal
Who sport and futter is eternal day. So faintly heard, whene'er, with hollow sound,
""T is these that ever on the fair The axe descending strikes the wounded
[sylphs defend :
Whom, though the goomes infest, the “Ye guardian sprites, whose visions
While'er no earthly passion she avows, prompt the swain
But spurns a lover and disdains a spouse. To seek the hoard, assist him to obtain :
'Tis these who, to her thought, in dreams Tell him, ere late, a word ill-omen'd mars
(art; Th' ascendant influence of his ruling stars,
How much her beauty may acquire froin Gives back the demons their suspended Teach her to think some slight defect a. pow'r
grace, Who sit in ambush watchful of their hour,
And bid her lisp or totter in her pace; That scarce arrives, when to some safer
In liquid languor roll the soft blue eye, hold
(hoarded gold :
To heave her breast, and breathe the bidThey bear, with dreadful shrieks, the
[lay Or parting leare, transmuted in its stead,
And candour swely to their charge must The sacred ashes of the inurned dead."
Whatever levities the sex betray ; In the other specimen, the Author If e'er the beauteous maid transgress in ingeniously indulges ihe fancy, that aught,
(thought : the Fairy agency still exists in the Through chance, vivacity, or want of
Since o'er her will and actions they preguardianship of the fair :
(guide. “ The letter'd Muse disdaiøs not to un
And throngh the giddy round of pleasure fold
The Letter “illustraling the OriThe fav’rite tenets, those fanaticks hold
gin of our Marvellous Imagery, par. About those beings; how at first they rose,
[man flows. ticularly as it appears to be derived And whence their love to beauteous wo
froin the Gothic Mythology," is an For much they labour, though they toil elaborate dissertation, drawn up from in vain,
(maintain, the best authorities, and from books Much with a long and learn'd paradé not generally consulted. It will, no To prove the sylph, that little airy guest, doubt, be read with avidity by those That heaves and Autters in each female who wish to study the history of po, breast,
pular credulity. Or ere its vital functions death suspends, When the freed spirit from its coil ascends,
18. Practical Sermons for the Use of FamiAnd soars enlarg'd; now destin'd to ac
lies. By the Rev. Theophilus St. John, quire
LL. B. Vol. II. A form of air, of water, earth, or fire.
TWO preceding publications by For 'mid th'ingredient elements, com this Author have received our unqua. bind
lified approbation; the one, a voWith purer spirit, in th' etherial mini,
lume of Practical Serinons for the One, rising paramount o'er all the rest, Use of Families, which we recom. Oft spreads its single influence o'er the
mended as distinguished from the gebreast;
[grows, The future female, hence, in temper nerality of pulpit discourses by an As stated elements her mind compose;
uncommon degree of pathos, and by Proves grave or lively, saturnine or light,
warm addresses to the heart; the As with its essence earth or air uaite : other, a translation of Massillon's But warm or yielding, passionate or frail, Visitation Charges, as cxecuted with As fire and water o'er the rest prevail, peculiar elegance. Haviny read, at