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in the latter period of the republick, Junius Brutus, as his colleague in the have concluded from the terms libero consulate, anno 244, because in con. tinus and ingenuus, the former where- junction with him he had greatly conof is used by Horace of his father, tributed to the expulsion of the tyrant and the latter of himself, that Horace's Tarquinius Superbus, furnished the father was the son of a freedman. first motive to the illustration of that But the demonstration of Manutius, family, whereof the Lævini, Corvini, that libertinus had at that time lost its Messallæ, Catuli, Flacci, and others, antient signification, and now was cur- were so many branches. rently used for what was formerly ex- Quid oportet vos facere, &c.] I think pressed by libertus; and the whole con- with Bentley, that instead of the usual struction of this Satire leaves no doubt nos, we should here read vos, because renaining that that conclusion is built the reasons he adduces seem to me on premises altogether groundless. convincing, and the objections of

Besides, there is no difficulty in Baxter and Gesner weak and frivo. supposing (and Horace even tells us Jous. Horace by no means degradęs 50 plainly enough) that people of su- himself by writing quid oportet vos perior parentage were discontented facere, but he would if, with a ridiwith an innovation by which they culous vanity, on this occasion, he were degraded one steps and there had placed himself by the side of fore, because there was a scarcity of Mæcenas as his equal, and (what such examples as that afforded' by would have been just as silly) made Mæcenas, Horace makes it so great a himself judge in his own cause, if he merit in him that in the choice of his had written nos. This is another incompanions he looked not to the con- stance in which it is necessary to vindition of the father, so the man was dicate the sound judgment of the only free-boro. All this notwithstand author against his copyists. ing, it may however be inferred from Quam Decio mandare novo.] It is the manner in which our poet pro- probably the first of the Decii, who ceeds to shew that Mæcenas in so (in the year 415) obtained the consudoing acted well, that by the expres- late, Publ, Decius Mus, whose name, sion dum ingenuus he had in view by the voluntary sacrifice he made of likewise the second meaning of it, himself to the safety and glory of the namely, the nobility of the mind; republick in the war against the Laand this the rather, since after all tius *, became so famous. As to Va. (as in the sequel he gives clearly to lerius Levinus (who apparently was understand) it was not free birth in his contemporary, and perhaps had itself exclusively, but the formation been his rival candidate for soine post of the mind and polished manners conducive to the consulate) he was which free-born persons received by also a homo novus. a more liberal education, which pre Censorque moveret Appius, &c.} sented the true reasons why men of Horace here by an easy transition reMæcepas's station and character could verses his subject. We have examples live upon a familjar footing with them. both antient and domestic, would he

Tulli.] Servius Tullius, who, born say, that virtue and merit are not of a female slave in the palace of necessarily attached to noble birth ; King Tarquinius Priscus, so distin- and the very populace, who are so guished himself by his personal qua- easily imposed upon by names and lities, that he became son-in-law and genealogies, judge however (some successor to that prince.

times at least) properly enough, so Contra Lævinum.] The old Scholiast as to prefer a new Decius to a Lævisays, that the subject here relates to nus unworthy of his progenitors. a certain (unknown) P. Valerius Læ- But suppose (continues he) the people vidus, who, by reason of the bad re- were, in such a case, unjust to a putation he had brought on hiinself candidate of obscure descent, or a by his. scurvy tricks, was never able censor, like Appius Pulchert, should to get any higher promotion than to the quæsture (the office of public

* Livy, lib. viii. cut» 8---12.

+ Who in the year 702, together with treasurer). The family. Valeria was

Llic. Pisn, was censor, and in virtue of pne of the oldest and noblest in Rome. that office, turned several persons out of Valerius Poplicola, who, in place of the senate, because they were sons of Collatinus, was given to the famous freedmen,




32 Journey of Lord H.Howard to Venice and Constantinople (July, turn some one out of the senate be to his Imperial Majesty, &c. and Ex cause his father was not free born, traordinary Ainbassadour from Leowhat mighty injustice after all is done? poldus, Emperor of Germany, to the Why could not he sleep quietly in bis Grand Signior, Sultan Mahomet Hau own skin ? Why did not he weigh all the Fourth. Written by Jobo Bur. the mischief to which his vanity and bury, Gent. London, &c. 1671 ;' his ambition exposed him ? &c. This 12o. meseems, is the natural sense and Dedication : " To the Honourable connection of the train of ideas in Henry Howard, eldest son of the the passage before us, and I cannot Righi Hovourable My Lord Henry conceive how Torrentius could find Howard. Sir ; Pictures which relate anything here obscure and incongru- to a family are usually exposed in gal

That Horace is not positively leries, that the heir by looking on wpeaking of himself, but of persons them, may not only see the features, of his rank placed in a similar situa- but read too the virtues and generous tion, scarcely needs to be noticed, this exploits of his truly noble ancestors. turn of expression being so common This Picture of, my Lord, your fa. with him.

ther's journey to Turkey (whom you Sed fulgente trahit constrictos glo- have so lively coppi'd in your early ria curru, &c.] This once, Baxter travels abroad) 1 hunbly present at appears to me to have justly disco: your feet, being sure it will have a vered that Horace has taken this lofty choice place in the gallery of your and sonorous verse, so widely different mind, since the original itself (which from the ordinary diction of his ser- extracts adıniration from all) will mones, from some hermie poem now doubtless as highly deserve of poste lost, but well known at the time. rity, as any of your greatest proge. Whether he intended it in derision or nitors, Here without the wind of in earnest, such allusions and humor- adulation, I wight tow down the pus applications of thoughts and me- stream of my Lord your father's qua: taphors of other authors are not un- lities, and excellent endowments; but usual with him, and contribute not a remembring that you two only differ little to that urbanity in which his in time, I shall but say this (least ! writings so peculiarly excel.

seem to flatter you) that you are most Ormond-street.

W.T, happy in your father, and your father

as happy in you. May your happi Mr. UABAN,

June 4. Dess, like the Danube, (which in its A

Country Clergyman, having been long passage through Tyrole, Bava. analysis and account of curious and thirty pavigable. Rivers, ere it falls scarce books in Beloe's Anecdotes, into the Sea) inereasc all along in the and Savage's Librarian, has an incli- course of your life, till it become to pation to endeavour to amuse himself, be as great, as to your Noble self and and perhaps Mr. Urban's Readers, by your family, the devotion is of, Sir, a similar selection from his own lie your inost bumble and most obe brary. He does not indeed promise a dieut faithful servant, selectiop from books so curious, or

JOHN BURBURY." ) so scarce, as those to whieh he refers, It appears from this Relation, that but of such as happen to be in his poss the Author was an attendant of Lord session, and may posseşs sufficient Henry Howard, who joined the Ime merit (as objects of amusement) to perial Ambassador's suite at Vienna, recommend them to a little transitory and accompanied him to Constantino. potice.

ple. They set forward " on Tuesday Yours, &c.

J. B. the twenty one of February 1664, I.

about one of the clock in the mornTitle : “ A Relation of a Journey ing.". The object of the Embassy was of the Right Honourable My Lord to settle the terms of a Peace. The Henry Howard, from London to Vi- Ambassador was Count Lesley, the enna, and thence to Constantinople ; particular friend of Thomas Earl of in the Company of his Excellency Arundel and Surrey, grandfather of Count Lesley, Knight of the Order of Lord Henry Howard, and Mr. Edward the Golden Ficece, Councellor of State his brother, who, by invitation, ac


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companied the Ambassador on this seeking places to escape. In this occasion.

maover, and with dogs and sticks, On the road to Vienna “ we lay at they sacrificed seventy foxes to the Hoyne ; and here began our lodging Emperour's pleasure, and afterwards en straw, which we were so familiar baited and killed six badgers.” “ The with afterwards. As for our horses, 31st My Lord waited on the Empes some of them were constantly taken rour, who that day went afoot, about from the ploughi, and wearied with a mile from Vienna, where a Sepullabour before-hand, so as 'tis no won- chre, in imitation of that of our Sa. der we had so many falls. Our guide, viour's at Jerusalem, is annually vi: like an ignis fatuus, misled us up and sited, and his Majesty kneeled and down, he could not tell whither'; for prayed by the way at five several which being rated severely, he was stations." si His Majesty washed and for a while so abominably unsavoury, kissed the feet of 12 men, the youngest there was so going near him : at last of which was 70 years old, and the by good fortune we lighted on a vild eldest 104 ; among them they made lage. There we met with a Lutheran up the age of 987 years." The 18th Parson, as full of wine as fat, whose of April, " His Lordship saw the Latine came from him in elusters, Emperour ride the great horse, and which shewed- he had doubled his fourscore colts baéked by the riders."* glasses." “ But of all the postillions The Ambassadour's retinue rode in ve had, I must needs tell the Reader triumph through the streets to the of one, who formally appearing in Emperour's palace, a very numerous bis ruffle, his cloak, and high-steepled and sumptuous train, on the 5th of hat, no sooner got upon his horse, May: and on the 25th began their which was skittish, and had a trunk route to Constantinople. “ His Lordbebind him, but the horse, not en- ship visited the Hot Baths some four doring the rattling and weight of the leagues distant from Vienna, whither truak, felt a kicking and dancing in persons of quality, as Earts and Counthat manner, that down went the tesses, very frequently resort, who steeple ; and the cloak, ruffe, and go all together into the same Bath, man had followed after, but that re but with this distinction, that the men lief ran in, and his wife cry'd to him, keep on one side, and the women on If you have not, Hans, a caré, that the other. The men go with drawers Horse will throw you to the D- - and their shirts, wearing black leather But Hans boldly venturing again, sate: caps, with buttons on the top, for the very denuurely and gingerly," &c. easier saluting of the ladies and gen

: They arrived at Vienna on the 26th tlemen, when they come into the of March. The 28th “ My Lord Bath. They have several laws, and waited on the Emperor to the Convent the forfeitures go to the poor ; and of the Capuchins, where his Imperial commonly the women are very great Majesty dined, the Prioces and Lords sticklers for exacting and levying the of the greatest condition waiting on same." * The houses (at Vieina) are his Majesty, and walking afoot before goodis and targe, and commonly have his coach. “ After dioner, the Em- great cellars for storing of their wines, perour, the Empress, and Princesses," which are in that abundance in this went to a park about a mile from Vi City, that vulgariy they say (and perenna, where his Majesty's huntsmen haps without vanity) there is more inclosing some foor acres of ground, wine than water at Vienna, though with canvas extended by poles above the City hath many fair fountains and a man's height, and a little way farewells." In one of the suburbs, seated ther, with canvas aforesaid, making in an island of the Danube, the Jews a lase abreast high, by letting fall the do inhabit. There is a park in it, canvas towards the East, with beagles abounding with tall trees, and herds hunted in at a time some eight or ten of deer and boars, which wander up foxes, which coursed up and down, and down in a tame and fearless manwere by several gentlenien, who had mer." "The territory of Vienna pro. nets in their hands for that pnrpose, duceth wheat, &c. ; every thing grow. ofa foot and a half wide, and between ing there smells somewhat of brima three and four yards. long, tossed up stone, for the soil is sulphurious." blankets, as they ran up and dowavellers, i have only to remark that,



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much novel matter, has lately s obfer, W regret for the death of Mt.

24 Hist.of Cardigansh.-— Triangular Coins?--AIr.Windham. (July, though the book bę but indifferently ents for any information on the subwritten, the descriptions of dresses, ject. and manners of the countries, in those After the settlement of the Romans times, compared with modern dresses, in this island, their money became and modern manners, and customs, the current coin ; and perhaps contimay, in some measure, compensate nued so for some time after their defor that defect and if Mr. Urban parture ; but whether the Roman thinks this worthy of insertion, the was immediately followed by the use Writer will have another portion of Englisb money in Wales, is still a ready for the next month, J.B.

question ; or when it was first used

there. From the “ Statement of Mr. URBAN,

July 10, Griefs of the Men of Penllyn,” temp. have been published of your va- Llewelyn ab Grufydd, the Eoglish luable Miscellany, and having been a money was used, as Cadvan ddu, serconstant Reader of its numbers, 1 vant to the Constable of Penllyo, was have occasionally met with notices, condemned bythe English for refusing and additional information given res to receive the old money for new. pecting a County, when its History has Yours, &c.

M.R.R. been published. A large, splendid, and tv me interesting work, contain:


June 5.

a sentiment put into my hands by my bookseller, intituled, “The History and Anti- Windhani, generally prevails throughquities of the County, of Cardigan.” out the nation, and so many tributes l'he Author tells us, p. 196, “that of esteem and admiration have been about 5 or 6 years ago, several cu- offered to his memory by the most rious Silver Coins were dug up in a distinguished of his own countrymen, field belonging to a farın called Cevn it will doubtless be gratifying to your Lewtrev, in the parish. of Llanwnnen. Readers, to peruse the Character They were all triangular, with a hole which a Foreigner has given of him," in the centre, and a circular inscription in a French work published about five on each. These curiosities suffered years since, and which has not yet the fate of many antiquities, being been translated. I allude to the given to children as playthings, and “ Memoirs of Count Joseph de Pui-. were consequently lost. Had these, saye, intended to serve for the Hisand the coins found near the inscribed tory of the French Royalist Party stone in the parish of Penbryn, been during the late Revolution.” That preserved, they might perhaps have geutleman found in Mr. Windham the settled the long-doubted question, most zealous supporter of the cause whether the Welsh Princes coined in which he was engaged ; and from money themselves, or used that of the peculiar relations which subsisted the English.” This passage struck between them during the interesting me forcibly, as, while I was on a tour period when the hopes of the Royalin South Wales last Summer, being at 'ists were kept alive by the assistance Caermarthen, I was told that some which the Government of this country Coins, exactly answering the above afforded them, he had the amplest description, were, about five years. means of appreciatik.g the many rare back, found in a leaden box, that was qualities he possessed. drawn out of the earth by the teeth of Grateful to him for his generous a harrow, in a field belonging to exertions in behalf of his country, as Green Castle, antiently called Castell well as for the particular kindness hei Moel, about 4 miles from Caermar., had uniformly received from him as then, on the river Towey. These an individual, under circumstances the servant man aud girl in the field that rendered it doubly valuable, the shared between them, sold a part in Count speaks of Mr. Windham with a Caermarthen to some watchmaker, warmth of panegyrick no less honourand the rest at Swansea ; but all my able to himself, than to the object of farther enquiries proved fruitless. it; and which cannot fail of being As I have never any where else heard highly pleasing to the liberal Reader, of Triangular Coins, I should be much who will for a moment forget his own obliged to any of your Corresponds and country's loss, to sympathize with




what must be the feelings of this il- able are ye to estimate the interval be. lustrious Foreiglier, on the death of twixt yourselves and Virtue ! so warm, so disinterested, and so firm " My relations with England had never a friend !

been any other than those of which I have

before made mention ; and I was wholly I have only farther to say, that I

unknown to Mr. Windham. As the Miwish the following translation were

nister, charged more especially to treat better worthy of the subject. I do

with me on the affairs which had brought not think I could have shortened it,

me thither, it was of the utmost importe without a diminution of its interest ;

ance to him, to study and observe minute.and it may perhaps induce some of ly all the details of my conduct. If the your Readers to peruse the work it- lively interest he testified towards me had self from which it is extracted; which, had for its object only the use that could I will venture to assure them, will be made of me to the particular advan. afford a great deal of information, as

tage of England, that interest would un'well as entertainment.

doubtedly have ceased with its cause; and Yours, &c.

G. C.

when, to adopt the language of your moa

dern men of Honour, I had become good for “- I have said in the beginning of nothing, he would have abandoned me to these Memoirs, that among the generous my ill fortune. men who are superior to the inQuence of

“ Yet such as this Minister appeared to public opinion, when contrary to the con- me at the time when he had soine hope of viction of their own minds, there is one success from my efforts, such have I found above all, whose name never occurs to my hiin during every moment of a series of memory without awakening in me the

nine years of injustice, misfortune, and liveliest sentiments of gratitude, venera- disaster: and the calumnies with which I tion, and attachment. By this alone my have been assailed, the persecution I have friends have recognized Mr. Windham: experienced, have produced no other effect it was impossible they should be mis

on him, than to make him the more zeataken ; and however insignificant my tes- lous, to defend me by a continuance of timony, however elevated above the en

his friendship, and to compensate my sufmities of the valgar may be a man wbose ferings by fresh proofs of esteem. whole life is a continued eulogy on his “ Can, therefore, any thing farther be virtues, the calls of gratitude prevail with wanting to convince even those to whom me over every other consideration.

Nature has been the least bountiful in her *** Proud of having seen my name asso- dispensation of the faculties which distinciated with that of this great man in the guish men from brutes ? mouth of malignity and folly, I antici.

A stranger to every thing that has not pate the judgment of posterity. I shall what is useful and just both for its means render an exact account of the part he has

and object, Mr. Windham kindles at the taken in the affairs of the Royalists; and idea of all that is great and noble. Like the siinple exposition of facts will reduce Aristides, he would refuse to purchase the to silence those, who, being as eager to most important advantage to his country, accuse without cause as they are to con- at the expence of Justice and Honour. demn without proof, sufficiently discover Simple as the character Genius, to the the virulence of the motives wbich have

most discriininating judgment, to the excited their rage and venom.

greatest sagacity of observation, to the “I am under great obligations to Mr. most solid powers of reasoning, and a deWindham; yet I am proud to say, what gree of erudition seldom equalled, he joins he has done for me has been prompted the amiable polish of the man of the by no selfish principle, but has sprung world, and the interesting attractions of a solely from his regard to Justice ; and compassionate and benevolent soul. In where can Justice fily for refuge, but to hiin alone have I seen the rare union of the Brave and Virtuous, when the mis. all that will then I had esteemed and adtaken multitude have but to utter a single mired separately in other men ; while a cry to stille her voice, and rise iu a mass noble confidence in integrity is the nato overwhelin her.

tural result of his own worth. " His esteem has been the more fatter. “ He has considered the principle of the ing to me, as I owe it to the purity and French Revolution under that point of warmth of my zeal for my King aud view which we have too late to regret all Country. To one who feels like him, how the Statesmen in Europe have not taken of sublime is the sentiment of duty, and how it. The confidential friend of Mr. Burke, imperious its force! Hesitation anii luke. ellocated in the principles of that celewarmness would have been weak recom- brated man, who was so long the light of mendations ; but Treason !--ye reptiles, Great Britain, and the ornament of its wiro compel me to write the word, how un- Senate, he has inherited his foresight, no Gent. Mag. July 1810.


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