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from being the fact, that the Jews in the author be * a Christianized Jewi France are entirely exculpated from or a Jewish Christian.” Now, with any such application of the second Mr. Urban's permission, I will only Psalm ; for had the author of " The add, acknowledging myself the author Compendious History" read with at- of this singular dook, that my sentitention, The New Sanhedrin, nd Thements of the Restoration of the Jews Cuuses and Consequences of the French are confirmed by the judgment of Emperor's Conduct towards the Jews, some of the most learned aud intelLondon, printed 1807, (I say with at- ligeut Divines of the Church of Engtention, because he seems to have land. Dr. Lightfoot, I find, an huuborrowed most of his history, and dred and fifty years since, asserted even many of his phrases from that that the calling of ihe Jeu's' shall be work,) he would have learned froin in their places of residence," and that page 121, tñat this metrical trapsla- calling shall not cause them to change tion of the second Psalm originated place, but condition. Bishop Warburwith M. Crouzet, Proviteur du Pryo ton expressed similar sentiments when tanée, upon which the Redacteur of the Jewish Naturalization Bill was Le Publiciste observed, “ The inten- agitated. Vide Nicholson's Encyclotion of this translation is not difficult pædia, Article Jews. Were these to discover, and that if one could di- Divines Christianized Jews?' If they vest oneself of the idea of a Psalm, were, linost cordially agree with them, one might easily suppose it to be a not merely for their opinion as men, panegyric upon the Emperor of but for its correspondence with the France, or an imitation of the He- doctrine of the Great Autbor of the brew.” Surely this is the language of Christian Verity. His predictions in a Frenchman, and not one of the Matthew xxiv. &c. dweli largely upou Israelitish Literati.

the destruction of Jerusalem, but he Under equal mistake and want of never uttered a syllable relative to its information, the author of the Com restoration! On the contrary, in his pendious History observes, Theyconversation with the womau of Sathe Jews, “ have laboured to prove, maria, he declived the most distant that their promised restoration is ac- hint or allusion to any future privilege complished, and that the idea of their with respect to the worship of God having the land of Palestine restored at Jerusalem; but, with a view exto them is fallacious. They assert panded beyond the narrowness of huthat the restoration of the Jews man ideas, he then referred to a time means the restoration of their rights when men should worship the Father and privileges in Society, equally in spirit and in truth, not in Samaria, with all the rest of the human nor yet at Jerusalem. See John iy. 20, race."

and following verses. Perhaps the The real fact is, that none of the unscriptural notions of a future reJews in England, or upon the Conti- storation of the Jews to worldly power nent, that ever I heard of, " have and splendour at Jerusalemn, notions laboured to prove any such thing." in which they have been flattered by That they have collectively assented Chộistians, have been a strong reason to the measures of the French Go- for their continuance in a state of invernment, which has no objection tellectual and moral inferiority. to such ideas of their restoration, I cannot help observing here, that cannot be denied. “ The labour” it is rather strange that with these of the French Jews may perhaps be chimerical notions of the future proreduced to the figurative expres- sperity of the Jews, when, if the sions contained in the Hebrew Odes Scriptures are to be understood liteand Orations. And here the writer rally, they will be more than men, again confounds the French Jews Christians should have been so long with the English author of the content with treating them as being New Sanhedrin, &c. before alluded less. I believe the late Archdeacon to! He has in reality employed three Paley has expressed his opinion that of his chapters to disprove the local Christianity is yet in its infancy;". I restoration of the Jews in Jerusalem; believe also that true Charity, being op which account the Monthly Re- the most sublime virtue, will be one viewes for May 1810, style this work of the last generally learned. When : a singular book," and doubt whether Governments and Subjects mutually

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agree to lay aside the lash of persecu. a lodging-house keeper, merely betion, and extinguish the flames of dis- cause he bad attained a high commis cord, real “knowledge may cover the sion in the army or navy, rank before carih as the waters cover the sea. a man whose forefathers had been in

This kind of knowledge, I can aver dependently seated for many generafrom intimate observation, has begun tions on an hereditary estate, and to make a sensible progress among the which forefathers may perhaps have Jews. Their antipathies to Christians partaken of the blood of the noblest are rapidly wearing away. As they fainilies ? And how would the Heralds, condemn none for their faith, nor wish who pay such great regard to antito make any converts: they only re- quity, lustre, and gentility of descent, quire of their fellow-subjects that tolerate such an act ?

Would they they will suffer tlrem to enjoy in quiet- not thrust the upstart back to his ness that liberty of conscience which proper sphere, and place the descendthe Government and the Church of ant of an antient and honourable bouse England so liberally allows to all. before him? The Sermons of Dr.Hirschell, it is well Persons of good or even middling known, are frequently very pointed birth ought undoubtedly, to take preon the duties of universal Toleration. cedence of all others, let them be Many of the wealthy among them what they may, unless honvured with subscribe to our Charitable Founda- a title; because their good birth is not tions, and in return several Christian an acquirement of their own, but is names appear among the list of the a gift engrafted on their blood. No Ber:efactors to the new Jewish Hospi- wealth, no learning, can make a man tal in Mile-end-road ; though they a gentleman who is not born so. neither have nor require the least in Wealth and learning are the ornaterference in management or education ments, not the constituents, of a gellof the Jewish children there. These tleman. Fortuna non mutat genus. Christians have no connexion what. The words of Cicero inight weil be ever with the London Society, or the parodied and here applied: he says, Missionaries who preach in the Jews' poeta nascitur, orator fit, and this I Chapel near Spitalfields.

would alter to generosus nascitur, If these Strictures meet your appro

dives vel doctus fit: and again, nothing bațion, I may offer some farther con- can deprive a man born a gentleman siderations upon the present condition of his gentility; no pecuniary losses of the Jewish people in this Metropo- or sufferings, do apparent degradation Jis, and upon some peculiar circum- from his station. I readily grant that stances under which they have recently a man, however low his station, after been placed.

he has acquired a fortune, received & Yours, &c. W. HAMILTON Reid, liberal education, and associated with

the enlightened, may be the stock from Mr. URBAN,

July 6. which fulure gentleinen way in the RECEDENCE is a point indeed course of time spring, because his

on which “ Doctors disagree," descendants, by dint of education, by and on which they will always disa rce separation from the pursuits of their till express regulations are made to founder, and by living for some geneadjust this long dubious matter. The rations on an hereditary property, ideas of your Correspondents who say grow gradually into, and finally bethat Naval and Military Officers, come gentlemen : but this is a work Doctors of Law, Physic, and Divinity, of long time, for quo semel est imbute should take precedence of Gentlemen, recens servabit odorem testa diu ; this are not to be regarded, because we opiniou is supported by a writer who see that such ideas proceed from per- has combined literature with the pleassons of no good extraction, who are ing and elegant study of heraldry, and always anxious that those who have whose effusious often grace your pages. sprung, like mushrooms, from the

“ The corrupted beart, the lowest stations into the appearance of interested sentiments, the debased, gentlemen, should take precedence however acute, understanding of a of those whose birth entitles them low man growo great, are too apt to strictly to that appellation, How throw a tincture over his family for should we like to see a man, perhaps at least a century, whereas that race the son of a tailor, a slonemason, or whom hereditary affluence has long

placed

PRECE

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placed above what is low, sordid, and meanly anubitious, has a far greater

Mr. URBAN,

Park-street, Bristol,

July 5. likelihood of po: essing elevated ideas, N and pure and ind endent souls."

plement, I stated that I had found After all then that has been stated, by reference to Tailleur's Chronicles let us no longer her that those per- of Normandy, and Dugdale's Baron, sons denominated Gentlemen in the age, that the antient family of Mears, full and proper meaning of the word, (who produced the earliest Speaker are not to take precedence of every the House of Commons ever had) deman whose profession alone has raised rived their descent from the house of him to the appellation. That many Mountmorency

in France, but it aphundreds of men belonging to the pears that this statement has given learned, the naval, and the military offence to M. M. M. of Kilkenny, professions may be gentlemen born, 1 (sce Vol. LXXX. p. 530), who wishes cannot deny ; but as a standing rule to make it appear that I have spoken none surely can be better than to class erroneously, and is desirous ibat I the gentlemen who are designated as should admit his authority in the place entitled to bear arms,immediately after

of the well-known and standard authe different descriptions of Esquires,

thorities above mentioned; but this I and just before the Bar and Church. am by no means disposed to do; and The Heralds should undoubtedly make I wish to set your Correspondent right an arrangement of the following de- as to some misconceptions into which scription of persons, viz. Serjcants he has precipitately fallen. at Law, King's Counsel, Deans, Pre- I do not state that the family of bendaries, Rectors, Vicarsand Curates, Mears is descended from the Mount Heads of Colleges, and all persons Morreses now existing in Ireland; but who have received any academic de- ! carry their extraction much further gree, Physicians, Members of Parlia- back, viz. from the stock of the French mcnt, &c.

house of Mountmorency. As for Blackstone, highly as I look Your Correspondent asserts, that up to him as a legal authority, I ne- Lords Mountmorres and Frankfort, vertheless cannot suffer myself to be and two others, are the only descendled out of the path of reason and ants of Mountmorency; but can he propriety by his statement, or that consider any one so egregiously creof any other person, however great dulous as to admit that this once tbeir name.

spreading house, a house which flouThe word Citizen, Vol. LXXX. p. rished so many centuries in France, 535, when used in tables of precedence, and which formed such extensive allidoes not, I believe, mean those who ances, had not a single remaining col. reside in the city, but representatives lateral; but that all the lines suddenly in parliament for cities, just as Þur. failed, except a single one, the regess means one for a borough. presentative of which is stated to be Yours, &c. A CONSTANT READER. the ancestor of Lord Mountmorres :

I scruple not to declare that I could

not credit such an extraordinary cirMr. URBAN,

July 12.

cumstance, even if the illustrious N I

it stated that Doctors of Divinity, rise and declare it. He might as well Law, Physick, and Musick, have pre- assert, that the noble families of cedence of Esquires. That Doctors Grosvenor, Seymour, Caven iish, Clifin general take place of Esquires 19 ford, Moore, Egerton, Neville, and well known, but as to Doctors of. an hundred others, are all now ceuMusick in particular, as all Musters tered in a single representative. of Arts have precedence of those Doc- It is well kuown, and can be stated tors, will it not follow that if Doctors without fear of controversion, that of Musick precede Esquires, Masters there were many lines of the French of Arts ought also to take place of stock from which several families them? I allude to real Esquires, not proceeded, and whose names bear a to those upstarts who have chosen close avalogy of soun.', and which fato distinguish themselves by that milies seated themselves, after being title.

long severed from the patriarchal stem, Yours, &c. OXONIENSIS. in this and the sister kingdom, ante

cedent,

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1816

) Diferent Ideas of P1 pared above what is low, sordid, sealy ambilions, has a far

gre Wilbroad of possesing elevated id al pu 1 and independent souls.

After all then that has been st kitus no longer her that those

denominated Gentlemen fil and proper meaning of the are not to take precedence of man vhose profession alone ha him to the appellation. Th:

bundreds of men belonging karned, the naval, and The profissions may be gentleme canot deay; but as a sta bee surely can be better tha the gentlemen who are des entitled to bear arms,immed the diferent descriptions al just before the Bar The Heralds should undou a arrassment of the

as, vi

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agree to lay aside the lash of persecu- a lodging-house keeper, merely be tion, and extinguish the flames of dis- cause he had attained a high commiscord, real “knowledge may cover the sion in the army or navy, rank before earth as the waters cover the sea. a man whose forefathers had been in.

This kind of knowledge, I can aver dependently sealed for many genera. from'intimate observation, has begun tions on an hereditary estate, and to make a sensible progress among the which forefathers may perhaps have Jews. Their antipathies to Christians partaken of the blood of the noblest are rapidly wearing away. As they families? And how would the Heralds, condemn none for their faith, nor wish who pay such great regard to antito make any converts : they only re- quity, lustre, and gentility of descent, quire of their fellow-subjects that tolerate such an act? Would they they will suffer them to enjoy in quiet not thrust the upstart back to his ness that liberty of conscience which proper sphere, and place the descendthe Government and the Church of ant of an antient and honourable house England so liberally allows to all. before him? The Sermons of Dr.Hirschell, it is well Persons of good or even middling known, are frequently very pointed birth ought undoubtedly to take preon the duties of universal Toleration. cedence of all others, let them he Many of the wealthy among them what they may, unless houuured with subscribe to our Charitable Founda- a title; because their good birth is not tions, and in return several Christian an acquirement of their own, but is names appear among the list of the a gift engrafted on their blood. No Ber:efactors to the new Jewish Hospi- wealth, no learning, can make a man tal in Mile-end-road ; though they a gentleman who is not born so. neither have nor require the least in Wealth and learning are the ornaterference in management or education ments, not the constituents, of a gen. of the Jewish children there. These tleman. Fortuna non mutat genus. Christians have no connexion what. The words of Cicero might weil be ever with the London Society, or the parodied and here applied : he says, Missionaries who preach in the Jews' poeta nascitur, orator fil, and this I Chapel near Spitalhelds.

would alter to generosus nascitur, It these Strictures meet your appro- dives vel doctus fit: and again, nothing bation, I may otier some farther con can deprive a man born a ceutleman siderations upon the present condition of his gentility ; no pecur of the Jewish people in this Metropo. or sufferings, to apparent Jis, and upon somne peculiar circum- from his station. I readil stances under which they have recently a man, however low his s been placed.

he has acquired a fortun Yours, &c. W. HAMILTON Reid, liberal education, and as

the enlightened, may be Mr. URBAN,

July 6. which future gentleme RECEDENCE is a point indeed course of time spring and on which they will always disagree separation from the po till express regulations are made to founder, and by living adjust this long dubious matter. The rations on an hered ideas of your Correspondents who say grow gradually into, that Naval and Military Officers, come gentlemen : butt Doctors of Law, Physic, and Divinity, of long time, for quo should take precedence of Gentlemen, recens servabit odore are not to be regarded, because we opinion is supported see that such ideas proceed from perc has combined litera sons of no good extraction, who are ing and elegant stu aalways anxious that those who have whose effusious oft spruug, like mushrooms, from the He says, “ Theo lowest stations into the appearance of interested senti gentleinen, should take precedence however acute of those whose birth entides them low man grow strictly to that appellation. How throw a tinctu should we like to see a man, perhaps at least a cen the son of a tailor, a slonemason, or whom hered

losses Vion 13

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e pre

1810.) Different Ideas of Precedence.-- Family of Mears. 15 rely be commis placed above what is low, sordid, and a before

Park-street, Bristol, meanly ambitious, has a far greater

Mr. URBAN,

July 5. been in

likelihood of possessing elevated ideas, TN your Vol. LXXIX: P: 1204, Sup, genera and pu : and independent souls." te, and Afte. all then that has been stated, by reference to Tailleur's Chronicles

let us no longer her that those per- of Normandy, and Dugdale's Baronnoblest sons denominated Gentlemen in the age, that the antient family of Mears, Heralds

, full and proper meaning of the word, (who produced the earliest Speaker to anti are not to take precedence of every the House of Commons ever had) dedescent,

man whose profession alone has raised rived their descent from the house of

him to the appellation. That many Mountmorency in France, but it apto his hundreds of men belonging to the pears that this statement has given lescend learned, the naval, and the military offence to M. M. M. of Kilkenny, e house professions may be gentlemen born, i (see Vol. LXXX. p. 530), who wishes

cannot deny; but as a standing rule to make it appear that I have spoken odling Done surely can be better than to class erroneously, and is desirous ibat I

the gentlemen who are designated as should admit his authority in the place i he

entitled to bear arms,immediately after of the well-known and standard auvill the different descriptions of Esquires, thorities above mentioned; but this I not and just before the Bar and Church. am by no means disposed to do; and is The Heralds should undoubtedly make I wish to set your Correspondent right 0 an arrangement of the following de- as to some misconceptions into which 7

scription 18, viz. Serjcants he has precipitately fallen."
at Law,

sel, Deans, Pre- I do not state that the fumily of bendari

cars and Curates, Mears is descended from the Mount eads

ind all persons Morreses now existing in Ireland; but y academic de-1 *v their extraction much further abers of Parlia iz. from the stock of the French

Mountmorency. highly as I loc

Correspondent asserts, that authority, 1

Mountmorres and Frankfort, fer myself !

others, are the only descendn of reason

Mountmorency; but can he aternent,

ler any one so egregiously cren, howev

us as to admit that this once cading house, a bouse which flou

ned so many centuries in France, cables of

ad which formed such extensive alli

ances, had not a single remaining col. but

lateral; but that all the lines suddenly citi

failed, except a single one, the reora

presentative of which is stated to be АС

the ancestor of Lord Mountmorres: I scruple not to declare that I could not credit such an extraordinary circumstance, cyp

illustrious find Mountmorer

es were to inity, rise and di

ght as well e pre- assert, t

mmilies of octors Grosve

endish, Clif. ires 19 ford

Neville, and iors of an

sre all now ceuMasterst

presentative. Due Doc

n, and can be stated Doctor

controversion, that iny lines of the French

which several families and whose names bear a ogy of soup , and which fasated themselves, after being

vered from the patriarchal stem, is and the sister kingdom, ante

cedent,

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