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OF THE

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AN HISTORICAL SKETCH
of THE
RISE AND PROGRESS
OF THE

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LONDON :
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PRINTED BY W. BULMER AND CO,
FOR G. AND w. NICOL, Books ELLERs To HIs
MAJESTY, PAL L-M.A. LL;
AND J. HATCHARD, PICCADILLY.

1803.

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The first edition of this Miscellany, which appeared in 1790, was intended as an attempt “to “ comprise, within the compass of one volume, “all the most beautiful small poems that had “ been published in this country during the “sixteenth and seventeenth centuries;” but it was at the same time admitted, that “the com“pletion of the publisher's plan had been pre“vented by the difficulty of procuring a sufficient “stock of materials.” This difficulty has been since removed by the kind assistance of my friends; and the work in its present state contains a selection, made with some care and attention, from a considerable number of the best poetical libraries in this country. That it is still deficient, and that by greater industry it might have been improved, is very certain : * but the reader, who shall fairly examine the stock of materials here collected, will not be much surprised if the curiosity of the compiler was at length satiated, and if the labour of transcription became too irksome to be farther continued. It has been objected to the former collection that it consisted, almost exclusively, of lovesongs and sonnets. The objection was certainly just, but the blame cannot fairly be imputed to an editor, who must be satisfied to take such instances of literary excellence as he can find; and who, though he may lament, with his readers, that beautiful poetry is more frequently calculated to inflame the imagination than to chasten the morals, can only lament, without being able to remedy such a perversion of talent. The Collection, in its present state, will be * To what degree it is defective, the reader will be better able to judge, when Mr. Ritson shall have printed his “Bibliographia Poetica, a Catalogue of “English Poets of the twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, “fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries, with a short ac“count of their Works.” It is said to be completed, and intended for immediate publication. [This ac

curate repertory has since appeared in one Volume 8vo. 1802. Nicol.]

found to contain much more variety. The two parts into which it is divided are, indeed, directed to one principal object; which is, to exhibit, by means of a regular series of Specimens, the rise and progress of our language, from the tenth to the latter end of the seventeenth century. In the former part, which terminates with the reign of Henry VIII, the extracts are generally chosen with a view to picturesque description, or to the delineation of national manners; whereas the second division of the work is meant to exhibit the best models that could be found, in each reign, of regular and finished composition. In the former, which consists of very early fragments, it was thought that a few critical remarks, as well as biographical anecdotes, were absolutely necessary; and that these could not be given more concisely than in the form of an historical sketch: but in the latter, a short outline of the literary character of each reign, and a few notices respecting the several writers, appeared to be sufficient. To the whole is added a sort of Essay on the formation and early gradations of our language, which, being little more than a repetition of some observations contained in the

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