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ARTICLES.

43

21

SECTIONS.

SECTIONS.
ARTICLES.

11
V. Of the Judicial Department,

11
X. Education,

10
VI. Sheriffs and Coroners,.

1
XI. Fictitious claims void,

4
VII. Education,

1
XII. Land office,

1
VIII. Oaths of Office,
IX. Declaration of Rights,

26

VERMONT.
12

ARTICLES.
X. Of Amendments,

1
Schedule,

21
Part I. Declaration of Rights,..

II. Frame of Government (including
AMENDMENTS.

Legislative, Executive and Ju-
XI. Of Public Debts, ....

7

dicial Departments, Miscellane-
XII. Of New Counties,

ous Provisions, &c.),

23
Of Repeal of Charters,

Amendments,
Of Elections in the military service.

VIRGINIA.
RHODE ISLAND.
ARTICLES.

SECTIONS.
SECTIONS.
ARTICLES.

23

Bill of Rights,
1. Declaration of Rights,

Preamble of Constitution.

6
II. Qualification of electors,
1

1

I. Sanction of the Bill of Rights,..
III. Distribution of Powers, .

II. Division of powers, .

1
18
IV. Legislative Powers, .

4
III. Qualification of voters,

2
V. House of Representatives,.

IV. Legislative Department,

( 1-6)
VI. Senate,

4
12

Qualifications of Senators and Dele-
VII. Executive Power, ..

gates,

(7)
10
VIII. Elections,

Powers and Duties of the General Assem-

6
IX. Qualifications for office,

bly,....

(5 8-18)

7
X. Judicial Power,

Slavery or Freedom,

( 19-29)

3
XI. Impeachments,

General Provisions,

($ 30-35)
XII. Education,

4

V. Executive Department; Governor, (s 1-7)
XIII. On amendments,

1
Lieutenant-Governor,

(§ 8-10)
XIV. On the adoption of this Constitution, 4

4
Articles of amendment,

Secretary of the Commonwealth, Treas-
urer and Auditor,

(§ 11-13)

Board of Public Works, (§ 14-18)
SOUTH CAROLINA.

Militia,

(§ 19)
SECTIONS.
ARTICLES.

VI. Judiciary Department,

(l)
1
Preamble,..

(§ 2-5)
Judicial Divisions,

30
I. Legislative Department,

Circuit Courts,

( 6-7)
II. Executive Department,

District Courts,

(§ 8-9)
III. Judicial Department,

3

Court of Appeals,
1

($ 10-13)
IV. Elections and right of suffrage,

General Provisions,

( 14-23)
V. Oaths of office,

1
County Courts,

($ 24-28)

5
VI. Impeachments,

( 29–31)
County Officers,

3
VII. Treasurer and Secretary of State,

1

Corporation Courts and officers, ( 32-33)
VIII. Continuance of laws,

Schedule,

5
IX. Bill of Rights,..

11
1

Ordinances.
X. Taxation,
XI. Offices at seat of government,.

2
2

WEST VIRGINIA.
XII. Alterations and amendments,

ARTICLES.

SECTIONS.
Ordinances,

6

I. The State, (Boundaries, Distribution of
TENNESSEE.

7
Powers, &c.),
SECTIONS. II. Bill of Rights, ..

10
ARTICLES.

12
III. Elections and officers, .

1
Preamble,
I. Declaration of Rights,.

32

IV. Legislative Department,
31
V. Executive Department,

8
II. Legislative Department.

VI. Judicial,
17

17
III. Executive Department,

4
IV. Elections,

14
VII. Counties and Townships,

8
VIII. Taxation and Finance,

5
V. Impeachments,

6
VI. Judicial Department,

15 IX. Forfeited and unappropriated lands,.

5
VII. County officers, .

X. Education, ..

4

9
XI. Miscellaneous Provisions,

3
VIII. Militia,

XII. Amendments,

2
IX. Ineligibility and disqualification for office, 3

X. Miscellaneous Provisions,.
XI. Continuance of laws; restrictions upon

WISCONSIN.

12
legislation,
ARTICLES.

SECTIONS.
Schedule,

3
Preamble,..

1
Ordinance,
5 I. Declaration of Rights,

22
Amendments,

II. Boundaries,

2
III. Suffrage,

6
TEXAS.
IV. Legislative Department,

30
ARTICLES.
SECTIONS. V. Executive Department,

10
Preamble,
1 VI. Administrative Department,

4
21
1. Bill of Rights,

23

VII. Judiciary,
II. Distribution of the powers of government, 1 VIII. Finance,
III. Legislative Department,

33 IX. Eminent domain and property of the
IV. Judicial Department,

20

State,
V. Executive Department,

23 X. Education,
VI. Militia,

4 XI. Corporations,
VII. General Provisions; Amendments to the XII. Amendments, .
Constitution,
39 XIII. Miscellaneous Provisions,

10
VIII. Freedmen,
2 XIV. Schedule,

15
IX. Impeachments,

6

Resolutions.

39

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INDEX.

92

Page.
Absence does not deprive of suffrage in certain cases, 36, 37
Acadamies, fund in aid of,

178
Accountability of public officers,

4
Accounts, private, legislature may not audit,

78
Adjournments of legislature,

72. 73
Adjutant-General, appointment of,

203, 204
Adoption of children,

22
of constitution, mode of,

.209, 210, 211, 212, 213
Advice of Senate on nominations,

81
Affinity, judges may not try causes where connected by, 150
Africans, education of,..

182
Age of electors,

30, 31
of Governor,

81
of Judges,

127, 128, 129
of members of Legislature,

60
Agricultural lands, Icases of,

23
products, corporations as carriers of,

18
Ayes and noes on passage of laws,

75, 76,
Alabama Constitution, arrangement of subjects,.

227
Alienation of homesteads,

28
Aliens may become citizens,

4
residence of,

31
rights of,

25
Alimony, causes relating to,

23
Allegiance of electors,

33
to the American Union,

3
oaths of,

. 205, 206, 207, 208
Allodial tenure of lands,

23, 24
Amendment of bills..

75
to Constitution,

209, 212, 213
American Union, paramount allegiance to,

3
Amnesty of President restores right of suffrage,.

36
Annexation of foreign territory,

24
Appeals, Clerk of Court of,

117
Court of,

110, 111, 112
from inferior courts,

.150, 152
to courts, right of,

23
Appointing power of Governor,

81
of Legislature,...

68
Appointment, Council of,
Appointment of judges,

131, 133, 131
of justices of peace,

.145, 146
of militia officers,

201, 202
of state officers,

.97, 98, 99, 100
Appointments to office,

193
not to be given to legislators,

.61, 65, 66
Apportiopment of members, 47, 48, 49, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59
Appraisal of property taken for public use,

17, 18
Appropriations, laws for,

20, 21, 77
from funds,

157
limited to two years,

157
Arbitration, settlement by,

157
Ardent Spirits, sale not to be authorized,

29
Area of counties, minimum,

.175, 176, 177
Arkansas Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

227
Arms, exemption from bearing,

198, 203, 204
Army, crimes in, not to he tried by jury,


State, Governor to command,

82, 83
vote of soldiers in,..

31, 32, 34, 37
Arrangement of subjects in conetitution,

2:27
Arrest of legislators forbidden,.

74, 75
privilege from at elections,
Assembling, right of, ..
Assembly, how composed,

46, 47
and Senate, legislative power vested in,

45
apportionment of,

53
districts to be arranged by supervisors,

54
has sole power of impeachment,

107, 108, 109, 110
Assessments, prevention of abuses in,

175
to be uniform..

164), 161
Assessors, election of,

160, 161
removal of,

1:29
Assistant judges,

139
Associate judges, term of,

124, 125, 126
Associate justices of Supreme Court,

.114, 115, 116
Attainder shall not work corruption of blood,

2
Attachment, privilege from, by legislators,
Attorney-General, duty of in suits against state,

19

85
removal of,

85
election or appointment of, ...97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104
qualifications of,

104
a Commissioner of Land Office,

106
a Commissioner of Canal Fund,

106
Attorneys, for state,

103, 104
provisions relating to,

128
Auditor-General, election of,.

99
removal of,

85

Page.
Auditor, residence of,,

98
Auditor, state,..

101, 102, 103
Ballot, elections by,.

40, 43
Banking corporations,

169, 170
Bankruptcy fraudulent, excludes from suffrage,

36
Banks, general provisions relating to,

.170, 171, 172
liability of stockholders,

173, 174
special charters forbidden,

171, 172
tax fund applied for schools,

179
Battle-field, reserved to State,

24
Benevolent Institutions,

114
Bill-holders, security of,

.173, 174
Bills, limit upon introduction of,

75
origin of,..

75, 95
passage of,

75, 76,
signature of,
may be vetoed by Governor,

92-96
of credit, redemption of,

20
Binding,..

80
Births, marriages and deathe, registration of,

38, 141
registration of,

38
Blind, institutions for the,

174
Board of Commissioners for sale of school lands,

187
Board of Education,..

179, 181, 182, 184
removal of members,

85
Board of Internal Improvements,

157, 158
Board of Public Works,

158, 159
may be formed..

93
Board of Revents,

.186, 187
Board of State Prison Commissioners,

174
Boards of Examiners of Claims,

174
Boards of Supervisors, ..

192
Books furnished to Legislature,.

80
Boundaries of counties,...

.175, 176, 177
Bribery excludes from voting,

.35, 36
Bridgen over navigable streams,

241
Brigadier-Generals, election of,..

201, 202
Bureau of Statistics may be formed,

100
Business of Legislature,

.67, 68
California Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

227
Cambridge Univereity,...

186
Canal Board,

106
Canal Commissioners, election of,

105
Canal Fund,

159
Commissioners of,

106
Canals may never be sold,

157
provisions relating to,.

154, 155, 156
Canvass of election returns,

.39, 40, 44
Capital punishment not allowed without jury trial,

17
Capital of school fund,

.178, 179, 180
Capitation taxes,..

.2, 168, 169
Captains, election of,

201, 202, 203
Causes, appeals from inferior courts,

150
certain, judges may not try,.

150
continuance of certain,

225
Census,

.53, 54, 56, 57, 59
Certiorari,

122, 152
Cession of lande to United States,

24
Chancellor,

112
in trials of impeachment,

107
appointment and tenure of office,

113
term of,

.124, 125, 126
limited continuance of,.

224, 225
Chancery, Court of,

111, 112, 113, 114
continuance of suits in,,

223, 224
record-, keeper of,

24
transfer of business in,

152
Character of voters must be good,

32
Charges of impeachment must be served upon the accused, 109
to juries,..

122
Charitable institutione,

174
exempt from taxes,.

160, 161, 162
Charters, bank,

.170, 171, 172
colonial confirmed,...

27
Chief Justice, ....

114, 115, 116
Children, adoption of,

32
Chinamen excluded from voting,

35
Churches, property of, exempt from taxation,

160
Circuit Clerk, ,

103
Circuit Courts,

111, 112, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120
Circuits, judicial, to be formed,.

.141, 142, 113
Cities, debt of, not to be assumed by state,

159, 160
incorporation of,

162
may be organized into counties,

176
organization of,..

166, 167, 168
taxation by,

166, 167, 168
Citizens may not hold foreign office or title,

3
Citizenship,

30, 31, 32, 33

pay of,

to be open,

Page.

Page.
Citizenship, of Governor,
81 Counsel, members of Legislature not to serve as, ....

79
of members of Legi-lature,

State officers forbidden to act against State,

19
Civil officers, offices of,
195 Counties, debts of, not to be assumed by State,

159, 160
rights may not be impaired,

3) erection of new,

.175, 176 177
suits, tax on,

147 organization of,

166, 167, 168
Claims, Board of Examiners,

171
representation of,

51, 56
against companies,

156 taxation by,

. 166, 167, 168
Classification of judges,
.124, 125, 126, 129 County attorneys,

128
of senators,
.46, 47 clerk,

101
Clerks, county,
188, 189, 190 election of,

.147, 149, 150
election and duties of,
117, 119, 150 to serve as clerks of Supreme Court,

117
of county courts,
..149, 150 commissioners,

192
removal of,

129, 130, 141
courts,...

.112, 118, 119, 120, 144, 145
of Court of Appeals,

117
judges, election of,

137
first election of,...

2:20
officers,

.188,189, 190, 191, 192
Coast defenses, cession of lands for,

21
seats, change of,

175, 176, 177
Code, cominissions of,

26, 152
officers to reside at,

195
Colonial laws, valid,

Court of Appeals

110, 111, 112, 113
Colored persons, restrictions upon franchise,

judges of, in trials of impeachment,

107
Commander-in-Chief,
82, 83 cla--ification of judges,

129
Commissary-General, appointment of,

.97, 203
clerk of,

147
Commissioners of Canal Fund,
106 removal of decisions of inferior courts to,

150
to classify Canal Commissioners,

105
organization of,

152
Commi-sioners of code,

26, 152 first elections,
Commissioners, county,
192 Court of Chancery,

113, 114
Commissioners of funds,
105 | Court of Claims,

14
Commissioner of Land Office,
24, 102, 106 Court for Correction of Errors,

100
election of

transfer of cases to Court of Appeals,

152
removal of,
85 Court of Errors and Appeals,

111, 112
Commissioners to appraise property taken,
17, 18 Court for trial of impeachment,

107
Commi-sious, ad litem,

131 | Courts, clerk- of
,

147, 148, 149
Governor to sign,
96 Courts of conciliation,

151
how to run and how attested,
96, Courts, jurisdiction of,

121, 12
of judges,

126, 131
Legislature may establish,

112, 111
Justices of the Peace,

115
may alter jurisdiction of,

117, 118
tenure of,

193, 1944
local,

147
military. Governor' to issue,

201
new, may not be instituted,

4
tenure of,.

202, 203 privileges of, not to be abridged,
Committees of the whole to eit with open doors,

5, 17
Common carriers, corporations as,

18
Courts-martial,

199, 200
Common law, continued,

Credit, local, restrictions upon,

175
Commons

175
of counties, towns, &c.,

166, 167, 168
Common schools, provisions relating to,
.178-185 of State, not to be loaned or given..

. 157, 159, 160, 161
Commonwealth's attorney,
103, 101 Criminal conviction excludes from voting, .

.35,
Compensation, extra, forbidden,
21 Culler's office abolished,

106
of members of Legislature,
60, 61 Damages for roads to be paid,

17, 18
of property takers,
17 Dams in navigable streams,

24
Comptroller, State,
101, 102, 103 Deaf and dumb, institutions for,

174
election of,
97, 98, 99, 100 Deaths, registration of,

141
pay of...

83 Debate, freedom of, in Legislature,
à Commissioner of Canal Fund,

106 Debt, canal,

154, 155, 156
a Commissioner of Land Office,

100
of corporations, how secured,

.173, 174
Conciliation, tribunals of,.

151
law's creating

77
Concurrent election by Legislature to be viva voce,
43 locul, not to be assumed by State,

.159, 160
Concurrent jurisdiction,..
24 mode of contracting, specified,..

166
Concurrent resolutions may be retoed,

obligation of, may not be impaired,

26, 12
Congress, election of Senators to,

restrictions upon local,

175
members to hold no other office,

.61, 65,
State,

162, 163, 164, 165, 166
power of,

to suppress insurrection or repel invasion, 163, 164, 165
Congressional Districts,
54, 55, 59 Decisions of courts, publication of,.

.147, 148, 151
Connecticut Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

of inferior courts, appeals from,

150)
Consanguinity, judges not to try causes when connected by,. 150 upon qualifications of legislators,
Consent of owners for taking of property,

.68, 69
17, 18 Decrees of inferior courte, removal of,

150
Constables, removal of,

129
Deductions from salaries,

21
Constitution, no laws not warranted by, may be passed, 28 Defalcation exclude from suffrage
of United States paramount,.
29 Defecte in instruments and proceeding, .

121
State, not to be altered except as therein provided,
29 Defense, right of, before courts,

5
amendment of...

209-216 Defenses, coast, cension of land for,
continuance of officers under,
219 Deficiencies in revenue,

162
publication of,
224, 225 Definition of term “ Corporation,'

170
date of going into effect, .

Delaware Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

227
supremacy of,

Delays in justice forbidden,.

5
laws for carrying into effect,

Delegates, House of,...

.(see Legislature.)
Contagious diseases, adjournments on account of,.

.72, 73

Deodands, prohibited.
Contempt of court,
17 Departments of Government,

45
Contested elections,
40, 41, 43, 44, 45, 102 Depots, right to take lands for,

18
for Governor,

82 Disagreement upon adjournments,
of State officers, .

99 Disfranchisement,
Continuance of laws and grants,

25 Disorderly conduct in legislature,
Continuance of legal proceedings under Constitution, 221-223 Disqualifications from voting,

.33, 35,
of oflices under Constitution,

219, 220, 221, 225 Dissent from legislative proceedings may be recorded, 70,
Contracts, extra compensation forbidden,
21, 159 Distempers, adjournments on account of, .

72,
may not be impaired,
26, 27 Distribution of laws,

)
inembers of the Legislature not to be interested in,.

80
District Attorneys,

128
for public printing.
79 election of,

188, 191
State, members of Legislsture to have no interest in,..61, 65 District Courts,

.111, 112, 117, 119, 121, 12
Controller, State, ..
102 Districts, Assembly,

53, 54, 55
Convention, acts of, valid,

23 Judicial, to be formed, .

..141, 142, 143
Convicts should be seen at labor,

29 Senatorial,

.51, 52, 53, 54, 58
Coroners, election of,

104, 188, 189, 190, 191 Divorces, law's not to be passed for,
removal of,

127 when and how granted,
residence of,
195 Donations for school purposes, .

192, IS
Corporation, definition of term,
170 Doors of Legislature open,

70, 71, 72
courts,

111, 112, 117 Dueling disqualities from voting,
Corporations as common carriera,
18 prohibited,

.17, 27
laws creating, must be passed by two-thirds vote, 20, 21 Dúes from corporations,

170
claims of, to be enforced,
156 Duration of appointments,

193, 191
loan of State credit to, forbidden,
157 Education, provisions relating to,

178-187
loan of State credit to,
.159, 160, 161 no classes to be excluded from,

.178, 182
taxation by, ...

162
Election districts,

39
formed under general laws,
169, 170, of Attorney-General,

103, 104
dues from,

170
of Canal Commissioners,

105
property taken by, ...

of clerk of Court of Appeals,
rights and liabilities of,

170 of County Clerks.

.147, 149, 150)
liability of stockholders,
113. 174 of County Judges,

137
Correction of Errors, Court for,.

107 of county officers,

188, 189, 190, 191, 192
Costs of legal proceedings,

122 of Governor,
Council,
92, 93, 94 of judges,

131, 132, 133, 134, 147
members may be impeached,

103 of Justices of Peace,

113, 144, 145, 146
of appointment,

92 of yeyislators,...

49, 50, 69, 70), 71
of pardons,

86 of military officers,

199, 201, 202
of revision,
92 of prosecuting attorneys,

128
advice of, in adjournments of Legislature,
72 of State Engineer and Surveyor,

105
Counsel, right of,
5, 6, 17 of State officers,

.97, 98, 99, 100
allowed in trials of impeachment,.
107, 108, 109, 110 of State Prison Inspectors,

105
suitors may select their own,
128 of Treasurer and Comptroller,

101, 102, 103
107
transfer of cases to Court of Appeals,

170

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152

Page.
Election, first under Constitution,. .193, 210, 217, 218, 220
firet, of Judges,

220
to fill vacancies,

.197, 198, 199
for adoption of Constitution,

. 209, 210, 211, 212, 213
Elections, by ballot or viva voce,.

43
contested,

.32, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45
day on which held,
manner of holding and reporting, .38, 39, 40, 41, 44, 45
place of, when dangerous,.
provisions concerning,

30-36
should be frequent,

.30, 33
time of, to be tixed by law,

193
privileges of,

.36, 37
Eligibility of electors, .

.32, 33
Elisors, appointment of,

190
Emancipation of minors,
Embargoes, Governor may lay,
Embezzlement disqualifies from office,.

..42,
excludes from suffrage,

36
Emigration free,
Eminent domain,

23, 24
Enacting clause of laws,

75
English language, ignorance of, not to exclude from office, 29
laws to be published in,

26, 151
English laws, certain, continued,

4
Enlargement of canals,

155
Entailments, laws may not be passed,

25
Equalities of mankind,.

.2, 3, 4
Equity, testimony in cases of,

129
Errors, correction of,
court for correction of,.

Page.
Governor, elections of, ..

.43, 44, 82
general powers of,..

85
executive power vested in,.

80
impeachment of,.

.88, 90, 91, 107, 108, 109, 110
may call forth militia,

.198, 199
may commission judges, ad litem,

131
may convene Legislature,..

.73, 74
may lay embargoes,

85
may remove sheriffs and certain other officers,

188
may remove from office in certain cases,

85
may require opinions of public officers,

87
may require reports from officers,

83
may suspend Treasurer from ottice,

106
pardoning power of,

86
power of, as commander-in-chief,

82, 83
power to adjourn Legislature,.

72, 73
power of removing Judges,

129, 130
qualifications of,

81
salary of,

84, 85
term of,..

82
title of,

80
to appoint certain military officers,

.202, 203
to commission Secretary,

97
to communicate by mensage,

83
o examine accounts of Treasurer,

83
to fill vacancies in certain judicial offices,

225
to grant commissions,

96
to hold no other office,

81
to issue military commissions,

204
to issue warrants for payment of money,

20
to keep the great seal,

96
to nominate State officers,

98
to recommend measures to Legislature,

73, 74
to reside at seat of government,

195
to sign bills,

77
to transact business with other States,

83
vacancies in office of,

88, 89, 90
veto power of,

92, 93, 94, 95, 96
Grand inquest of state,

6
Grand Juries may be abolished,

17
Grants, continuance of,

25
for school purposes,

.178, 179, 180, 181, 182
of land contirmed,

27
Gratuities, forbidden without two-thirds vote,

20
Great Seal, and ite uses,

96
Hamilton county to elect with Fulton,.

56
Happiness, right to pursue,.
Head rights,

24
Heirs, escheats in default of,.

23
Hereditary distinctions disallowed,

3
privileges forbidden,..

.2, 24, 25
High bailiffs, election of,

191
security required from,

103
High Court of Errors and Appeals,.

113
Highways, provisions relating to,

17, 18
Homestead exemptions,

.28, 29
Honors may not be hereditary,

25
House of Commons, (N. C.,).

49, 59, 67
House of Delegates..

(see Legislature.)
House of Representatives,

.46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 56, 57, 58
House to make its own rules,

..67, 68, 69
Houses of Refuge,

174
Hunting, right of,

29
Idiots excluded from voting,

35, 37
Illinois Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

228
Immigration, provisions relating to,

25
Impeachment, Assembly has sole power of,.

107
of Governor,

.88, 89, 90
pardoning power restricted in cases of,

.86, 87
trials of,

.5, 108, 109, 110
Imprisonment for disorderly conduct in Legislature,.. .68, 69
Incapacity may cause removal from office,

196
Incomes, taxes on,

162
Indiana Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

228
Indians may become voters,

33
purchase of lands from,

23, 25
Indictments, trials to be upon,,

...4,
Individual liability of stock-holders,

173, 174
Infants, estates of,
Infirmity may cause removal from office,

198
Information, proceedings by, forbidden,

17
Inhabitant, term defined,

37
Inherent rights,

2, 3, 4
Inheritance of honors forbidden,
Innocence to be presumed until guilt is proven,

5
Inquest, grand, Legislature may act as,.

6
Insane, institutions for the,

174
Insolvency of banks, billholders secured,

.173, 174
Inspectors of prisons, appointment of,

100
of merchandise abolished,

106
of State prisons,

102, 105
Institutions, State,

174
Insurrection, debts incurred in suppressing, 163, 164, 165
militia may be called to suppress,

198, 199
Interest, laws relating to,.

78
on canal debt,

.154, 155
on State debt,

156
rate of, fixed,

30
Internal improvements,

157, 158, 159
right of way,

.17, 18
Intestates, estates of...

25
Invasion, debts incurred to repel,

163, 164, 165
militia may be called to repel,

198, 199
Inviolability of funds,

105
Iowa Constitution, arrangement of subjects,
Islands on coast, reservation of,

21
Jailors, removal of,

1:29
Joint resolutions may be vetoed,

passage of,
Joint stock association, liability of stockholders, 173, 174
Journal, legislative,

70, 71
amendments to be entered on.

209
record in, on removal of judges,

130
right of recording protest,

70, 71
Judges, classification of,..

129

.22, 23

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152
proceedings, remedy of,

121
Error, writs of,

153
E-cheats,

23, 24
Estates of intestates,

25
Executions, exemptions from,,

28, 29
Executive department,
Executive powers vested in Governor,
to be distinct from legi-lative or judicial,

45
Executive sessions of Senate,

84
Exemption of certain property from taxation,

29
Exemptions, homestead,

28, 29
militia,

.198, 203, 204
surgeons may grant..

204
Exile of citizens prohibited, .

2
Expenses of Legislature,

80
Exportation of commodities, Governor may restrain,.

85
Ex post facto laws forbidden,

6
Express charges for Legislature,

80
Expulsion of members of Legislature,

.68, 69, 70
Extra compensation forbidden,

21, 159
Facis, juries may determine,

5
Fees, clerks may not use,

148
extra, forbidden,

21, 22
Judges may not receive,

123, 150
members of Legislature may not receive,

79
public officers forbidden to receive,

19
State officers not to receive,

97, 99, 100
Felony excludes from suffrage,.

.35, 36
privilege not extended in case of,
Females to have equal rights in education,

180
Feudal tenures, ..

.23, 24
Field officers, election of,

201, 202
Financial officers of the State,

101, 102, 103
Fines and other restraints upon alienation void,
for disorderly conduct in legislature,..

69
remission of,

.86, 87
moneys fron, applied to town libraries,

188
military,

200
Firey, property taken or destroyed in case of,

18
Fiscal year,

1996
Fishing, right of,

30
Florida Constitution, arrangement of subjects,.

228
Foreigners may acquire privileges of citizens,

4
rights of,

25
Foreign offices and gifts may not be held by citizens,

3
Forfeiture of lands,

24
Forfeitures, remission of,

86, 87
Freehold qualifications of Governor,

81
of members of the Legislature,

60
of voters, ..

30, 31, 32
Freeholders, juries of, to appraise damages,..

.17, 18
Freedmen, trial of,..

5
Freedom secured by rotation in office,

2
religious,

7
of speech and of the press,

.19, 20
of speech in Legislature,.
Fuel, expense of,

29, 80
Fugitives from justice excluded from privileges,

2
Fulton county to elect with Hamilton,.

56
Fundamental principles,

28
Fund, canal,

159
literature,

185
military,

200
school,

.178-195
Funds, commissioners of,

105
inviolability of,

105
payments from, regulated.

157
Gambling houses, license of,

23
Gauger's office abolished,

106
General Assembly..

.(see Legislature.)
General Court.

(see Legislature.)
General laws for formation of corporations,...

169, 170
for formation of villages, &c.,

166, 167, 168
General Sessions, Court of,

111
General terms of Supreme Court,

113
Georgia Constitution, arrangement of subjects,.
Good behavior, no office to extend beyond,
Government, distribution of powers,

45
instituted for the common good,
powers of, reside in people,

3
Governor, appointing powers of,

beginning of term,
contested election for, how decided,

82tREERS

Page.

78

65.

Page.
Judges, county, removal of,

188
elections of,...

133, 134, 135
first election of,

220, 221
forbidden to take fees,

150
may be commissioned ad litem,

131
may hold no other office,

.42, 64, 65, 126, 127
may not receive leave of absence,
not to try certain causes,

150
of Court of Appeals in trials of impeachment,

107, 110
of Court of Appeals, removal of,

129
of Supreme and Circuit Courts,

.114, 115, 116
qualitication of,

.127, 128
removal of,

124, 125, 129
salary of,

123, 124, 126
term of office of,

.124, 125, 129
to charge juries,.

122
to give opinions.

122
vacancies in office of,

135, 136
Judgment, in trials of impeachment,

.107, 108, 109, 110
removal of, from inferior courts,

150
Judicial decisions, publication of,

151
districte,

114, 141, 142, 113
elections under Constitution,

22
officers, election of,

117
continuance of till certain term,

2:25
power, how vested,

.110, 111, 112
to be distinct from legislative or executive,

45
Juries, charges to, .

121
may be less than twelve men,

.5, 6
right of trial by,

4, 5, 6
trial by, may be waived, .

6
to be judges of law as well as fact,

17
to determine value of property taken,

17
Jurisdiction of Boards of Supervisors,

192
concurrent,
of County Courts,

138
of courts,

.113, 117, 118, 119, 120
of courts, Legislature may alter,..

.117, 118
of Court of Appeals, .

112
of Justices of Peace,

145, 116
of State,

23, 21
Jurors, choice of,

4, 6
must be sworn,

.5, 6
qualitications of,

.4, 6
Justice must be administered without sale, denial or
delay,

5, 17
Justices' courts,

111, 112
Justices of the Peace,

.143, 144, 145, 146
may hold other offices,
trials before,

5
Justices of Sessions,

137, 138
Justices of old Supreme Court, limit of term,

225
Justices of Supreme Court,

114, 115
one in each judicial district,

142
pardoning power of,

86
removal of,

129
Kansas Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

228
Keeper of chancery records,

2
of seal, .

96
Kentucky Constitution, arrangement of subjects,.

2-28
Labor of convicts in prison,

29
Land oflice,
commissioners of,

106
Land warrants,
Lands declared the property of state,

24
forfeiture of,

21
for falt manufacture,

157
granted for schools,

.178, 179
grants of, continued,
may not be bought of Indians,

Legislature, elections by, to be viva voce,..

43
expenses of,

SO
first election of under Constitution,

.217, 218
forbidden to grant irrepealable privileges,

2
forbidden to sell private lands,..

18
freedom from arrest,

74, 75
freedom of speech in,

74,
Governor may adjourn,
Governor may convene,

73,
Governor to communicate by message,
has sole power of suspending laws,.

78, 79
may alter jurisdiction of courts,

.117, 118
may cause deductions from salaries,
may confer powers upon Boards of Supervisors,

19
may direct election or appointment of certain officers, 189-192
may erect new courts,

141
may establish courts,

112
may establish courts of conciliation,

151
may expel members,

68 69
may form judicial districts,

.142, 143
may grant no divorce,

22, 23
may modify mode of electing militia officers,

204
may not change names,

22
may not grant leave of absence to judges,

78
may not pass certain laws,

78
may organize counties, cities, towns, &c., .166, 167, 168
meeting of

50
members forbidden to act as counsel,

79
members to take an oath,

. 205, 206, 207, 208
not to grant extra compensation,

21
organization of,..

.67, 68
pardoning power of,

86, 87
passage of bills by,

75, 76, 77
pay of members,

60, 61
powers of,

.67, 68, 69
power of removal by,

198
power of removing judges,

129
prohibited from licensing lotteries,
punishment may be ordered by,.

69
quorum in,

67
required to assemble,

28
restricted in creating debt,

163, 164, 165
restrictions in legal proceedings,

121, 122
right of protest in journal,

. 70, 71, 72
terms of office,

50
time of meeting,

62, 63, 64
to direct time and manner of electing militia officers,. 203
to choose its own officers,

70, 71
to choose Treasurer and Comptroller,

101, 102, 103
to encourage internal improvements,

157
to encourage learning,,

.178-185
to establish a system of town government,

175
to judge of election of members,

69, 70, 71
to keep a journal,

70, 71, 72
to levy uniform taxes,

160, 161
to organize militia,

198, 199
to provide for amendment of Constitution,

.212, 213
to provide for appeals.

152
to provide for application of grants from U. S.,

138
to provide for filling vacancies in office,

193
to provide for organization of courts, .

152
to provide for organization of villages,

175
to provide for putting Constitution into operation,

22
to provide for removal of officers,

196
to provide for revision of code,

152
to revise laws...

27
to sit with open doors,

70, 71
vote of, in appropriating moneys,.

20, 21
Levecs and drains, land for,

2
Liability of stockholders,

.170, 173, 174
Libels, truth may be given in evidence,

19, 20
Liberty, none to be deprived of without law,

6
Librarian, state,

187
Librarians, town,

188
License, clerks may issue,

of lotteries and gambling houses,
Lieutenant-General, Lieutenant-Governor to be,

83
Lieutenant-Governor, election of 13, 44, 45, 80, 81, 82,
a Commissioner of Canal Fund,

106
a Commissioner of Land Office,
duties of

90. 91
in trials of Governor for impeachment,. 107, 108, 109, 110
pay of,...

.85, 90, 91
powers of,

.90, 91
qualifications of,

.81, 90
to be Lieutenant-General,

83
to be President of Senate,

900
vacancy in office of,

90, 91
when to serve as Governor,

88, 89, 90
Limitations, statute of,

.5, 6
Liquors, sale of, may be prohibited, .

29
Literary qualitications of voters,

34
Literature fund,

178
Loan of State credit,

159, 160
Local courts,

147
continuance of,

25
Local laws to embrace but one subject,
legislative powers of Supervisors,

79
use of money, laws relating to,

20, 21
Lotteries forbidden,..

23
may be licensed,
Louisiana Constitution, arrangement of subjects,..
Lucrative officer, two can not be held by same person... 41, 42
Magazines, reporis concerning, .

200
reports on condition of,

199
Maive Constitution, arrangement of subjects,

229
Major-Generals, election of,

202, 203
Mannfactured products, corporations as carriers of,.

18
Mariners' wages, suits for, without juries,

6
Marines, vote of,

.31, 32, 34, 35 37
Marriage contracts,

23

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106

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25
taken for public use,

17,
taxes on,

.160, 161
tenure of,
Language, ignorance of English, not to exclude from office, 29
of the laws...

26
Lawgivers, qualities necessary in,
Law, deprival of rights without sanction of,
juries may determine,

5
changing county seats to be submitted to a vote,

2s
codification of,

26
colonial, valid,
continuance of,

26, 221, 222, 223
creating debts,

163, 164, 165, 166, 167
for payment of salaries,

20
general, for formation of corporations,

169, 170
imposing or continuing taxes,

160
language of,

26
must be warranted by constitution,
passage of,

75 76, 77
passage of, imposing taxes or creating debts,.

168
prohibition against certain,.
publication of
re-enactment of,
revision of..

26, 27
should be founded on sound principles,
#tyle of,
to be public, unless otherwise declared,
to be uniform in operation,
to embrace but one subject,.
when to take effect,
Leases, limited,

23
Leave of absence to judges forbidden,
Legal proceedings, continuance of,

221, 222, 223
Legislation, restraints upon,.

78
by Supervisors,
Legislative power, how vested,

to be separate from other departments,
districts,

.53, 51
year,...

.196, 197, 198
Legislatore, qualifications of,
to receive no civil appointments,

64,
Legislature, adjournments of,

70, 71, 72
as a grand inquest,
authorized to limit the franchise,
day of election for,

148
of whites and vegroes forbidden,

09
Marriages, registration of,

38, 141
Married women, property of,.

.23, 24

:::::::

78, 151

licenses, ...

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