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lection of coun.

the Associate Judges, whenever it shall be deemed expedient; in which event they may associate with said court any or all of the Justices of the Peace for the transaction of business.

Section 30. The Judges of the County Court shall be County court elected by the qualified voters in each county, for the term Lected-term of of four years, and shall continue in office until their suc

cessors be duly qualified, and shall receive such compensation for their services as may be provided by law.

Section 31. The first election of County Court Judges When first e.

shall take place at the same time of the election of Judges ty court judges of the Circuit Court. The Presiding Judge, first elected, ,

shall hold his office until the first Monday in August, 1954. The Associate Judges shall hold their offices until the first Monday in August, 1832, and until their successors be qualified; and afterwards elections shall be held on the first Mondays in August, in the years in which vacancies regularly occur.

Section 32. No person shall be eligible to the office of Who shall be eligible as coun. Presiding or Associate Judge of the County Court, unless ty court judge.

he be a citizen of the l'nited States, over twenty-one years of age, and shall have been a resident of the county in which he shall be chosen, one year next preceding the election.

Section 33. The jurisdiction of the County Court shall Jurisdiction of be regulated by law; and, until changed, shall be the same

now vested in the County Courts of this state.

SECTION 34. Each county in this State shall be laid off in

to districts of convenient size, as the General Assembly -r--two to be may, from time to time, direct. Two Justices of the Peace l'arrict, their shall be elected in each district, by the qualified voters therequalifications.

in, at such time and place as may be prescribed by law, for the term of four years, whose jurisdiction shall be co-extensive with the county; no person shall be eligible as a Justice of the Peace, unless he be a citizen of the United States, twenty-one years of age, and a resident of the district in which he may be a candidate.

Section 35. Judges of the County Court, and Justices of County judges the Peace, shall be conservators of the peace. : They shall be conservators be commissioned by the Governor. County and district ofvacancies ficers shall vacate their offices by removal from the dis

trict or county in which they shall be appointed. The General Assembly shall provide, by law, the manner of

county court.

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conducting and making due return of all elections of Judg.
es of the County Court and Justices of the Peace, and for
determining contested elections, and provide the mode of
filling vacancies in these offices.

Section 36. Judges of the County Court and Justices of
the Peace, Sheriffs, Coroners, Surveyors, Jailers, County indictment,&c:
Assessor, Attorney for the County, and Constables, shall iy,&c.
be subject to indictment or presentment for malfeasance or
misfeasance in office, or willful neglect in the discharge of
their official duties, in such ino:le as may be prescribed by
law, subject to appeal to the Court oi' Appeals ; and upon
conviction, their offices shall become vacant.

Section 37. The General Assembly may provide, by law, that the Justices of the Peace in each county shall sit at claims, &c. the Court of Claims and assist in laying the county levy and making appropriations only.

Section 38. When any city or town shall have a separate representation, such city or town, and the county in which separate munici.

pal courts. it is located, may have such separate Municipal Courts, and executive and ministerial officers as the General Assembly may, from time to time, provide.

Section 39. The Clerks of the Court of Appeals, Circuit, and County Courts, shall be removable from office by the may be removed

by court of ap: Court of Appeals, upon information and good cause shown. peals. The Court shall be judges of the fact as well as the law. Two-thirds of the members present must concur in the sentence.

Section 40. The Louisville Chancery. Court shall exist Louisville chan: under this Constitution, subject to repeal, and its jurisdic- exst-qualifica tion to enlargement and modification by the General As- lor and other of sembly. The Chancellor shall have the same qualifications ficers. as a Circuit Court Judge, and the Clerk of said Court as a Clerk of a Circuit Court, and the Marshal of said Court as a Sheriff; and the General Assembly shall provide for the election, by the qualified voters within its jurisdiction, of the Chancellor, Clerk, and Marshal of said Court, at the same time that the Judge and Clerk of the Circuit Court are elected for the county of Jefferson, and they shall hold their offices for the same time, and shall be removable in the same manner: Provided, that the Marshal of said Court shall be ineligible for the succheding term.

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Section 41. The City Court of Louisville, the Lexington City courts of City Court, and all other Police Courts established in any ali police":nulte city or town, shall remain, until otherwise directed by lawr, to remain until with their present powers and jurisdictions; and the Judges,

Clerks, and Varshals of such Courts shall have the same quililications, and shall be elected by the qualified voters cf such cities or towns, at the same time, and in the same manner, and hold their offices for the same terin as County Judges, Clerks, and Sherills, respectively, and shall be liable

to removal in the same manner. The General Assembly eral assembly may vest judicial powers, for police purposes, in Vayors of

cities, Police Judges, and Trustees of towns.

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may vest judi cial power,

ARTICLE FIFTI.

senate, and how

Concerning Impeachments. Section 1. The House of Representatives shall have the Impeachments. sole power of impeachment.

Section 2. All impeachments shall be tried by the SenTo be tried by

ate. When sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be upon oath or affirmation. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members pres. ent.

SECTION 3. The Governor, and all civil officers shall be Who liable to liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office; but judgment on,

judgment in such cases shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust, or profit, under this Commonwealth ; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be subject and liable to indictment, trial, and punishment by law.

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ARTICLE SIXTU.
Concerning Erccutive and Ministerial Officers for Counties

and Districts.
Section 1. A Commonwealth's Attorney for each judicial

district, and a Circuit Court Clerk for each county, shall be wes, circuit tand elected, whose term of oflice shall be the same as that of

court the Circuit Judges ; also, a County Court Clerk, an Attordeyor, coroner, ney, Surveyor, Coroner, and Jailer, for each county, whose

term of office shall be the same as that of the Presiding Judge of the County Court.

Section 2. No person shall be eligible to the offices menWho eligible, tioned in this article, who is not at the time twenty-four & qualifications

years old (except Clerks of County and Circuit Courts, Sher

and jailer to be

elected--terms of office.

to be elected.

iffs, Constables, and County Attorneys, who shall be eligi-
ble at the age of twenty-one years,) a citizen of the United
States, and who has not resided two years, next preceding
the election, in the State, and one year in the county or
district for which he is a candidate. No person shall be
eligible to the office of Commonwealth's or County Attor-
ney, unless he shall have been a licensed practicing attor-
ney for two years. No person shall be eligible to the office
of Clerk, unless he shall have procured from a Judge of
the Court of Appeals, or a Judge of the Circuit Court, a
certificate that he has been examined by the Clerk of his
Court, under his supervision, and that he is qualified for
the office for which he is a candidate.

Section 3. The Commonwealth's Attorney and Circuit When & how
Court Clerk shall be elected at the same time as the Circuit
Judge-the Commonwealth's Attorney by the qualified vo-
ters of the district, the Circuit Court Clerk by' the qualified
voters of the county. The County Attorney, Clerk, Sur-
veror, Coronor, and Jailer, shall be elected at the same
time, and in the same manner, as the Presiding Judge of
the County Court.

Section 4. A Sheriff shall be elected in each county, by the qualified voters thereof, whose term of office shall, aster of ollìce, &c. the first term, he two years, and until his successor be qualified; and he shall be re-eligible for a second term ; but no Sheril shall, after the expiration of the second term, be reeligible, or act as deputy, for the succeeding term. The first election of Sheriffs shall be on the second Monay in May, 1851 ; and the Sheriff's then elected shall hold their offices until the first Monday in January, 1853, and until their successors be qualified ; and on the first Monday in August, 1852, and on the first Monday of August in every second year thereafter, elections for Sheriffs shall be held: Provided, that the Sheriff's first elected shall enter upon the duties of their respective offices on the first Monday in June, 1851; and after the first election, on the first Monday in January next succeeding their election.

Section 5. A Constable shall be elected in every Justices' Constables to be District, who shall be chosen for two years, at such time office, jurisdic. and place as may be provided by law, whose jurisdiction shall be co-extensive with the county in which he may reside.

Sheriffs shall be elected-term

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SECTION 6. Officers for towns and cities shall be elected Officers of for such terms, and in such manner, and with such qualifitowns & cities, to be elected.

cations, as may be prescribed by law,

SECTION 7. Vacancies in offices under this article shall be Vacancies, how

filled, until the next regular election, in such manner as the General Assembly may provide.

Section 8. When a new county shall be erected, officers When new for the same, to serve until the next stated election, shall be ede officers to be elected or appointed in such way, and at such times, as the elected.

General Assembly may prescribe.

Section 9. Clerks, Sheriff's, Surveyors Coroners, ConstaWhat on cers bles, and Jailers, and such other officers as the General As. to give bond.

sembly may, from time to time, require, shall, before they enter upon the duties of their respective offices, and as often thereafter as may be deemed proper, give such bond and security as shall be prescribed by law.

SECTION 10. The General Assembly may provide for the Geners las election or appointment, for a term not exceeding four sembly may pro vide eleciion or other officers years, of such other county or district ministerial and ex

ecutive officers as shall, from time to time, be necessary and proper.

Section 11. A County Assessor shall be elected in each County asses county at the same time and for the same term that the --term of office. Presiding Judge of the County Court is elected, until other

wise provided for by law. He shall have power to appoint such assistants as may be necessary and proper.

Bor

ARTICLE SEVENTH.

Concerning the Militia. Section 1. The Militia of this Commonwealth shall conMilitiaro sist of all free, able-bodied male persons (negroes, mulatwhom to consist

toes, and indians excepted,) resident in the same, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years; except such persons as now are, or hereafter may be, exempted by the laws of the United States or of this State; but thuse who belong to religious societies, whose tenets forbid them to carry arms, shall not be compelled to do so, but shall pay an equivalent for personal services.

SECTION 2. The Governor shall appoinithe Adjutant Genhow apppointed eral, and his other staff officers; the Major Generals, Brig

adier Generals, and Commandants of Regiments shall, respectively, appoint their staff officers; and Commandants

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