Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

PAGE

The Crown Lands and the Civil List 216

Mr. Gladstone on the disparagement of the title to the Crown

Lands 217

Private Estates of the Crown 218

Crown Lands in the Colonies ....... 221

Civil List of Queen Victoria 221

The Duchies of Lancaster and Cornwall 223

Reform of the management of Crown Lands . . . . 224

Grant to the Duchess of Kent on the Queen's accession , , 225

Proposed grant to the Duke of Sussex 226

Debate on the grant to the Duke of Connaught on his mar-

riage , 227

Mr. Gladstone on the provision for Members of the Royal

Family 229

Settlement of the Royal Household ...... 233

Demand of Sir Robert Peel for changes in the Household , , 235

Household of the Prince Consort ...... 238

Grant to the Prince Consort 239 .

Precedence of the Prince settled by Letters Patent. , , 240

Title of the Prince 241

Doubts as to the precedence of the Prince in foreign Courts , 243

Offer to the Prince of the Commandership-in-Chief . . . 244

The Prince's view of his position as Consort .... 247

Inconveniences of his position as Colonel of the Grenadier

Guards , . 248

Intervention of the Prince in political affairs .... 249

His presence at the debate on Corn Law repeal . , , . 250

Action of the Prince at the time of the Crimean War . , 252

Suggestions of the Prince to Lord Aberdeen . . . . 253

Policy of raising a foreign legion 255

Efforts of the Prince to secure the influence of Lord Aberdeen,

as leader of the Opposition, on the side of war . . . 256

Mr. Gladstone's account of the action of the Peelites (note) . 259

Foreign correspondence of the Prince 260

His letter to the Emperor Napoleon on Russian designs . . 263

Section II.—The Crown and tit Ministers.

Uses of the term ' Prerogative' . . .... 2(1(1

Relation of the Sovereign to the Ministers of the Crown . 2G7

The Cabinet as an outgrowth of the Privy Council . . . 267

Origin of the term ' Cabinet Council' ..... 269

[blocks in formation]

The first Whig Ministry 270

Relation of the Cabinet to the Privy Council .... 271

Withdrawal of the Sovereign from the Cabinet Council . . 274

Sir G. C. Lewis on the legal position of the Cabinet . , 275

Sir G. C. Lewis on the unity of the Cabinet . . . . 276

Mr. Gladstone on the position and obligations of the Prime

Minister 278

Earl Grey on the duties of heads of departments as members

of the Cabinet 281

Lord Palmerston's theory of the position of Foreign Minister 283

Action of Lord Palmerston with reference to the coup d'Hat

of 1851 284

True grounds of Lord Palmerston's dismissal .... 288

Lord Palmerston's comment on the restrictions imposed on a

Foreign Secretary 289

Resignation of Lord Carnarvon and Lord Derby in 1876 . 290

Speech of Lord Carnarvon 290

Speech of Lord Derby 292

Further explanations of Lord Derby 293

Alleged breach of the secresy of the Privy Council by the

Lord Chief Baron Kelly 295

Letter of the Lord Chief iiaron to the Lord Chancellor . . 296

Origin of the obligation of secresy in the Privy Council . 296

Obligation of secresy on Cabinet Ministers as Privy Coun-

cillors 298

Relation of the Sovereign to the Cabinet .... 299

Selection and dismissal of Ministers 299

Practice of the present reign 300

Conduct of King William IV. in the selection of Ministers . 301

Comment of Lord Palmerston 304

Criticism of Mr. Gladstone 305

Nature of the right assumed by the King .... 307

Its non-assumption by the present Sovereign . . . . 308

Relations of the Sovereign with individual Ministers . . 309

Differences between the Queen and Lord Palmerston . , . 310

Lord Palmerston's account of his conduct . . . .313

Royal direction of foreign policy 315

Letter of the Queen to Lord Aberdeen during the Crimean

War 317

Recent doctrines as to the Sovereign's position . . . . 3)8

Baron 8tockmar's theory of the English Monarchy . . . 320

His dread of the doctrine of the Sovereign's irresponsibility . 322

a

[ocr errors]

His opinion as to Royal initiation and control of policy . . 323

The true theory of the English Constitution . . . . 324

Real duties and opportunities of the English Sovereign . . 327

Correspondence of the Sovereign 328

Rumours as to Royal correspondence during the Crimean War 329

Letter of the Qneen to Lady Frere during the Zulu War . . 330

Correspondence of the Queen with the Viceroy of India during

the Afghan War 331

SECTION III.—The Minittert of the Crown and Parliament.

Ministers of the Crown as Members of Parliament . . . 336

Int imacy of the relation of English Ministers with Parliament 337

Parliamentary checks on Ministers 339

Maintenance of an organised Opposition 340

Practice of questioning Ministers . . . ^ . . 343

Trials of strength between the two parties .... 344

Advantages of modern methods over the old weapons of Im-

peachment and Bills of Attainder. . . . . 345

Uncertainties as to what constitutes a sufficient ground for

resignation or retention of office 347

Conduct of Peel and of Wellington in 1846 347

Comment of Mr. Disraeli on Peel's conduct .... 349

Considerations competing with those of party allegiance . . 350

Earl Grey on the party allegiance of Ministers . . . 351

Parliamentary control of policy by refusal of supplies . . 353

Reciprocal dependence of Parliament on the Government . 354

Mr. Disraeli on the dependence of Parliament on the Crown . 354

Consultation of Mr. Disraeli with the Queen in reference to

the dissolution of 1868 (note) 355

Comment of Mr. Bouverie 357

Other modes of bringing Governmental pressure to bear on

Parliament 357

Surrender of the rights of Parliament by subservient or negli-

gent majorities 359

Mr. Bagehot on the extent of the Royal Prerogative, as legally

determined 360

Mr. Erskine May on the increasing power and patronage of

the Crown 361

Remedies to be sought foT the injuries produced by.a lapse of

Parliamentary control 362

Duties of Government to Parliament in respect of foreign

affairs 363
Contents. xix

PACK

Apathy of Parliament as to foreign affairs after 1815 . . 363

Absorption in home legislation 364

Doctrine of non-intervention 365

Recent reyival of interest in foreign policy . . . . 367

The Eastern Question 367

Claims of Parliament on the Government as urged by the

Opposition 370

Risk of Ministerial acquiescence in a policy dictated by the

Sovereign 371

Risk of the acquiescence of the Cabinet in a policy dictated

by a single Minister 372

Necessity of providing safeguards against such risks . 373

Light thrown on these topics by the Constitutional contro-

versies of 1876-1879 373

Purchase of the Suez Canal Shares 375

Bill for the assumption by the Queen of a new title in India . 37")

Action of the Government after the Treaty of San Stefano 37(i

Retirement of Lord Carnarvon and Lord Derby . . . . 376

Despatch of native Indian troops to Malta .... 377

The Berlin Congress and the Cyprus Convention . . . 377

The Mission to Afghanistan 378

Proclamation of the Queen as ' Empress of India' . . . 380

Restrictions placed on the Indian Vernacular Press. . 380

View of England as an Asiatic Power 381

Expenditure in support of the policy pursued .... 382

Liabilities of the country under the Cyprus Convention . . 383

Liabilities incurred by the purchase of the Suez Canal Shares 384

Assumption of these responsibilities without the advice of

Parliament 384

Attempt to exclude Parliament from the choice of the Royal

Title 384

Legal and Constitutional aspects of the movement of Indian

troops to Europe . 385

Practice of consulting Parliament in reference to the making

of treaties and the declaration of war .... 387

Legitimate use of the Royal Prerogative in cases of emer-

gency 387

Recent practice in this respect 388

Duties of Government to Parliament in respect of financial

affairs 389'

Supplementary budgets 390

Practice of raising money by loan 3'JO
Absence of any Parliamentary check on such financial under-

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »