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270

Cape of Good Hope, memorial of term Cabinet Council,' 269,

the Colonists of Natal against

confederation with the, 420, 421 CLARENDON, LORD (the late),
CARNARVON, LORD, retirement of, sanction given by, to political

from the Cabinet in 1876, correspondence of the Prince
290-292; 376

Consort with Napoleon III.,
- on Imperialism, 410-413

262, 265
Caucuses. See Political associa Coast of Africa and Palkland
tions

Islands Government Act, 1843,
Centralisation, two sorts of, 157; 174
138-140

--- Amendment Act,
- Mr. John Austin on, 138, note 1860, 174
Chancellor, ti e Lord, as Speaker COBDEN, speech of, in debate on

of the House of Lords, 101, 102, the Russian war in 1855, 258
note

COCKBURN, SIR ALEXANDER,
---- Lord Cairns on, 101, opinion on the law and practice
note

of Parliament as not applicable
------ Mr. Locock Webb on, to Colonial Legislatures, 175, 176
101, note

Codification of Common and
Chancery, Court of, jurisdiction of Statute Law, 137

the, over Endowments and Cha COLERIDGE, S. T., on the Idea of
ritable Trusts, 107; 118

the Constitution, 12
Charitable Trusts Set of 1853, -- on the omnipotence of Parlia-
118

ment, 14, 15
Charity Commissioners, appoint -- on the distinction between a
ment of, 118, 119

person and a thing, 426
CHELMSFORD, LORD, communica Colonial Branch Mint Act, 1866,

tion of the Queen with, in 177
reference to the Zulu war, 330, Colonial Laws Act, 1865, 175
331

Colonial Legislatures, created by
China, war with, in 1857, 366

Parliament, 151
- and Japan, extra-territorial - (Canadian,) 152-154
jurisdiction on the coasts of, - (South African,) 154-156
188

- Parliamentary control of, 157–
Church, the Established, relation 159; 175-177; 394 seq.
of, to Parliament and the State, - (Victorian,) 160-167

104-107; 109, 110; 112, 113 – territorial jurisdiction of, 167
- recent legislation relating to, – Acts of Indemnity of, valid in
109-112

this country, 444
Church Courts, reform of the, 105; | Colonies (see also Lependencies)
110, 112

- Confederation of distinct, 152-
Church rates, abolition of compul 156
sory, in 1868, 105

- history of the North American,
Civil List, the, of William IV., a precedent for Colonial or
216, 217

ganisation, 152; 173
- of Victoria, 221-223

- Crown Lands in the, 161 ; 221
- Sir S. Northcote and Mr. - having no Constitution, govern.
Gladstone on the, 228-231

ment of, 173-175
CLARENDON, (EDWARD HYDE, - extension of Acts of Parliament

EARL OF), on the origin of the to the, 151; 176, 177

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Colonies, Crown, is Cyprus one of

the, 190
- duties of the Governors of

Crown, 415–417
-- functions of the Secretary of

State for the, 418, 419
Columbia, British. See Hudson's

Bay
Commerce. See Economy, social
Commercial Treaty with France,

an illustration of modern

economic principles, 136
Commons, House of. See House of

Commons
Companies and Joint-Stock Com.

panies Acts, 1825, 1831, 1844,

1856, and 1862, 127, 128
Companies, Public, recent legisla-

tion for, 126-129
- Railway, recent legislation for,

129-131
Compulsory Church Rates Abolition

Act, 1868, 105
Confederation Act, Canadian,

1867, 152–154
- - South African, 1867, 154–

156
CONNAUGHT, DUKE OF, grant to

the, on his marriage, 227-233
Consolidated Fund, creation of

the, 217
--- Colonial revenues carried to the,

221
Conspiracy, Bill of Lord Palmer-

ston, 185, 186; 366
- legal definition of, 442, 443
CONSTANTINE, THE GRAND DUKE,

visit of, to Paris, commented
on by the Prince Consort, 262-

265
CONSTITUTION, THE, AND

ITS MOVEMENTS, Chap. I.,

1-13
Constitution, a political, the pro-

duct of social conditions and

historical antecedents, 4
--- modification of, by current

interpretations, 5
- -- -- sources of enlightenment
with regard to, 5, 6

Constitution, a political, legal and

moral elements in, 6
--- formative action of perma-

nent popular sentiments on, 6-10
- - written and unwritten

elements of, 8
---- central and germinating

idea of, 12
--- ultimate foundation of,

in the popular will, 16, 17
--- English, stable and unstable

elements of the, 1, 2
- historical method of inquiry

into the; 1; 462, 463; 468, 469
- period chosen for a survey of

the, 2; 10; 462, 463; 469
– topics comprised in a scrutiny

of the, 3, 10
-- distinguishing characteristics

of the, 3; 422, 423
-- the, as a type for imitation by

other States, 3, 4
- formative action of permanent

or progressive popular senti-
ment on the, 6-10
- maintenance of the, dependent

on popular political sentiment,

7; 10; 466 ; 470
- the, an organic whole, 11-13;

42, 43; 73
– self-developing power of the, 21
-- Blackstone's and other theories

of the, 26-28
- idea of representation penetrat-

ing the, 34
- movements of the, distinguish-
able in recent Home Legislation,

103
- religious equality not yet a

principle of the, 105
--- financial and economic princi-

ples admitted by the, 134-137
- local institutions characteristic

of the, 137
- position of the Sovereign under

the, 209, 210; 315-317 ; 325-328
- position of the Consort of the

Sovereign under the, 238; 242 ;
244, 245; 249, 250; 252, 253;
259; 261, 262; 308, 309

Constitution, English, invasion of County rate, the, an instance of

the, by personal action of King taxation by a non-representative
William IV., 307, 308

authority, 147
- Baron Stockmar's theory of the, Coup d'état of December 1851,
318-324

conduct of Lord Palmerston
- true theory of the, 327-328

with regard to the, 284-290 ;
-- legal rights of the Crown under 312, 313
the, 359-360

Court, of appeal, the House of
-- defence of the, by Parlia Lords as a, 19, 20
mentary minorities, 362, 363

Central Criminal, creation of
--- possible violation of, by the, 427; 434
sinister influences in the - for Crown Cases Reserved,
Cabinet, 371-373

decision of the, on the Franconia
- provisions of the, for the case, 200

liberty of the subject, 422, -- creation of the, 427,
423

435
- dangers to the, inherent in the – of Admiralty, as a Court of
mechanism of Government, 466 Prize, 208
468

Courts (see also County Courts)
Constitution Act (Canadian), of – Vice-Admiralty, slave trade
1791, 152

jurisdiction of, 198, 199
Constitutions, Colonial (see also – of Prize, 208
Colonial Legislatures)

- jury trial in Criminal, 419-
- creation of, by Parliament, 451
151-157 ; 159-162

- admission of oral statements of
- Parliamentary interference with prisoners in Criminal, 451-455
157-159

- reconstruction of civil, 455
-- problems connected with the Courts of Justice, functions of

working of, 162-167 : 418-421 English, contrasted with those
Constitutional analysis, how of the Supreme Court of the
different from political history, United States, 16, note

- creation of, in India, 169
-- facts, initial source of all, the - - in the Colonies, 175

character of the people, 8, 9 - English, in foreign territory,
-- importance of Parliamentary 187 ; 196
forms and procedure, 74

- jurisdiction of Australasian,
Copyright Act of 1842, 176, 177 under the Kidnapping Act, 197
Corn laws, repeal of the, 1846, - patronage of the Crown in
135

relation to, 361
- presence of the Prince Consort - as guardians of public liberty
at a debate on, 250-252

against the Executive, 423,
- conduct of Sir R. Peel and of 424

the Duke of Wellington in - responsibility of officers of
relation to the, 347–350

justice to, 428 ; 443, 444
Coronation oath, Coleridge on - multiplication of offences tria.
the, 14

ble in, 431-434
County administration, reform of, - variety of procedure in primary,
147, 148 ; 428-434

432
County courts, institution of, 136 -- uncertainty of action of, 439
- jury trial in, 419

| CRAMPTON, MR., British Minister

2

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at Wasłington, withdrawal of,

255
Crimean war, purchase of Russian

bonds by British subjects during

the, 204-206
-- action of the Queen and the

Prince Consort with regard to
the, 252-259; 309; 317–318;

372
- policy and traditions of the,

368, 369
Crimes, multiplication of offences

classed as, 437, 432
--- definition of, 439-443
Criminal Law, liberty of the

subject as connected with, 427-

455
Criminal punishments, 436-439;

441, +42; 459
CROSS, MR., Consolidation and

Amending Act of, relating to
factories and workshops, 131,

132
- Act of, for abolishing unfilled

prisons, 148, 149
- explanation of, as to the Queen's

letter to Lady Frere, 331
CROWN, THE (sre also Preroga-

tive, Sovereign, &c ), Chap. III.,

209-421
- PERSONAL RELATIONS AND

ATTRIBUTES OF THE, Chap. III.,

Sect. I., 209-265
- AND ITS MINISTERS, Chap. III.,

Sect. II., 266-335
- MINISTERS OF THE, AND
PARLIAMENT, Chap. III., Sect.

III., 336-421
- transfer of police administra-

tion to the, 142–145
- transfer of the government of
dependencies from the, to
Parliament, 150, 151 ; 167–173 ; |
392-403
- authority of the, over small
dependencies held for military

purposes, 151
- authority of the, over conquered
or ceded Colonies, not absolute,
156, 157

Crown, authority of the, over Eng.

lish settlements, 157
- relation of Parliament to the

representatives of the, 177
— right of extra-territorial juris-

diction inherent in the, 187
- legislative and executive

aspects of the, 209
— position of the Prince Consort

in relation to the, 244, 245 ;
249, 250; 252, 253
- uses of the term Prerogative

of the, 266, 267
- the, as represented by its
Ministers in Parliament, 338,

339
- doctrine of the dependence of

Parliament on the, 354-357
- Erskine May on the powers
recently conceded by Parliament

to the, 361
- defence of the liberty of the

subject against the, 423, 424
Crown Lands, surrender of life-

interest in the, by the Sovereign,

216-218; 228, 229
- (private), 218-221
-- in the Colonies, 221
- reform in the management of

the, 223-225
Cronen Lands (Colonies) Act, 1852,

221
Crown Private Estates Acts, 1862

and 1873, 218-221
Cyprus, organisation of govern-

ment in, 188, 189
- compulsory labour in, 189-194
– nature and extent of British

authority in, 190, 191
- English occupation of, 293 ;

376; 378
– Convention of, 377, 378 ; 382,
383 ; 388

Debt, the National, 125; 134, 135
— reconstruction of the law of,
455

Delegacy, modern theory of, 49, 50Eastern Question (see also Foreign
--- Burke on the question of, 50 Affairs)
52

- retirement of Lord Carnarvon
DENMAN, LORD CHIEF JUSTICE, and Lord Derby on grounds

opinion of, on the publication relating to the, 290-294
of libels in Parliamentary re - reopening of the, 367-370
ports, 78

— three views of the, 369, 370
Dependencies, possible mode of - review of English policy in

satisfying the claims of, to re regard to the, 373–392
presentation in the English Par- | Ecclesiastical Commission, in-
liament, 95, 96

stitution and action of the,
- Parliamentary Government of, 109, 110
150-178 ; 392-405

Ecclesiastical Commissioners In-
--- subordinate Legislatures in the, corporation Act, 1836, 109
See Colonial Legislatures

Economy, Social, Parliamentary
-- forms of recent Parliamentary interference with, 121-137

action with regard to the, 151 ~ principles of recent legislation
- gradual assumption of Parlia relating to, 121, 122; 124 ;
mentary control with increasing 126

importance of the, 392–394 Education, reform of endowments
DERBY, LORD, retirement of, from for, 113-117

the Foreign Office, in 1876, - principle of Parliamentary
292-295 ; 298; 376

interference in, 149
- comment of Lord Salisbury on - Acts, administration of the,
revelations of Cabinet proceed 456-458
ings made by, 294

- Dr. Thompson on the necessity
DILKE, SIR CHARLES, amendment of popular, 466
moved by, as to the provision Election Judges, Mr. Disraeli on
for the Duke of Connaught, 227, the finality of decisions of, 44,
228

45
DISRAELI, MR. See LORD BEA- Elementary Education Act of
CONSFIELD

1870, 149
Dissenters' Chapels Act of 1844, • Empress of India,' assumption
111

of the title of, 213-215; 375;
Documentary Evidence Act of 380; 381; 385
1868, 176, 177

Endowed Schools, reform of,

115-117

Endowed Schools Act of 1869,
E

116, 119

Endowments, right of the State to
East India Company, Charter of interfere with, 107-109 ; 117
the, of William III., 168

- reform of religious, 109–113
-- Regulating Act for the, 168 | -- reform of educational, 113-
-- conversion of the, into a

117
political corporation, 169-171 - reform of charitable, 117-119
--transfer of the government of Exchequer Chamber, Court of,

India from the, to the Crown, right of the House to punish for
171-172

contempt asserted by, 83, 84
East India Company Acts of 1767, | Extradition, treaties relating to,
1769, and 1833, 168, 169

181-184

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