« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
and women taking part in the meeting. In fact, was presented to the Advisory Council, the body the students have requested that some meet- which practically fixes the rules and regulations ings may be held which shall be quite dis- of the game. The Monthly Meeting minute was tinctly theirs, and where the possibility of being adopted, and will be applied by the Advisory overshadowed by practiced speakers and preachers Council. In this connection it may be said that may be limited.
in all probability athletics, whether intercollegiate The collection held in Parrish Hall every morn- or purely domestic, loom up much larger in the ing before the work of the day is begun, assembles minds of people outside of Swarthmore, than they in the Friendly spirit, with the element of an im- do in the immediate environment of the college, pressive silence prominent.
distance apparently lending exaggeration as well
as enchantment to the view. From the best inDEVELOPING THE FRIENDLY INTEREST. formation procurable, fortified by a certain Of the activities which are permeated by and
amount of observation, it may be said that athlead to the promotion of the Friendly influence, letics at Swarthmore are simply an incident of the mention should be made. Every First-day morn
college life, sustaining by necessity, and in the ing at 9.30, the Students' Conference Class, with
main by choice, an absolutely secondary relationDr. Jesse H. Holmes as leader, is held. This ship to the scholastic work of the institution. class deals with a wide range of subjects. The
Young men who are nothing but athletes cannot following are some of the topics which have been
stay at Swarthmore, and are weeded out in the considered: “Attitude of Friends on Peace and
trial work of the college. War," "The Meaning of Silence," "The Attitude
During the present college year there are 331 Toward Prayer," "Ministry in the Society of
students enrolled, of which number 120, or 36 per Friends.” There is a class in the First-day cent., are members of the Society of Friends. In school, composed principally of students, taught this list students who come from merely sympaby Prof. Pearson, of the department of public thetic Friendly families are not included. With speaking, who is one of the members of the possibly one exception, so far as our knowledge faculty lately received into the Society.
goes, the percentage of Friends in the student The course in Bible History and Literature is body, and among the faculty and instructors at not elective, all students being obliged to do a su
Swarthmore College, is larger than is the case in year's work in the department. There is an elec
any preparatory or subordinate Friends' school, tive course in the History of Christian Doctrine,
officially under the care of any meeting, anywhere which with the course in Philosophy affords a
within the seven Yearly Meetings of our branch wide opportunity for presenting Friendiy ideas
of the Society. and ideals, which opportunity is never lost. The
The writer has been a resident of the Borough nucleus already exists for a course in the college of Swarthmore for nearly three years, having his for equipment for First-day school work. This home within five minutes' walk of the college. department will be strengthened and enlarged He has met many of the young men on various as way opens, and the demand develops.
occasions, and daily sees them about the streets The college faculty and instructors have a con
and on the campus, and he bears glad testimony siderable representation on Yearly Meeting and
to their universally gentlemanly and orderly beconference committees, while the members per
havior. In fact, the supposed student orgies of form willing service in visiting meetings, ad
a college town have not been in evidence at any dressing philanthropic, First-day school and other
time during these three years. conferences, and are doing their full share of the
He believes, without the semblance of a doubt, Society's labor. The Swarthmore First-day School that the President, the Faculty and the Board of has one of the college faculty as its superinten- | Managers of the college, have a concerned and dent, another as assistant superintendent, and the common purpose to make Swarthmore an institucollege men and women are energetic and service- tion of higher education, that shall be progressive able in all of the work of the school.
in its scholastic standards; that shall grow in
equipment and efficiency, and shall, in all of its A SECONDARY MATTER.
ways, be influenced by the Friendly spirit, and The Friendly concern is not ignored or set aside apply and promote real Friendly ideas and ideals. even in the matter of athletics. Some time ago
In fact, that the requirements of life shall not be the Swarthmore Monthly Meeting adopted a less in their details than obtain among the conminute relating to the game of football, carrying cerned members of the Society in our day, in with it certain recommendations. This minute their personal and public relationships.
THE PAST YEAR IN THE PURITY With the expanding equipment and the healthy
MOVEMENT. increase in the student body, the opportunities
[Annual address and survey of the present outlook, by and obligations of the college are greater than
Dr. Edward Janney, of Baltimore, President of the Ameriever before. There is a growing demand in the can Purity Alliance, delivered at the recent meetings in world for teachers who shall be able to give prac- Philadelphia.] tical religious instruction without dogmatism, and
It is fitting in making this annual address to the to differentiate between an arbitrary traditional
members of the American Purity Alliance, to religion of authority, and a religion of the spirit. briefly review the events of the past year, in-soSwarthmore is yearly equipping itself to send out
far as they bear upon the question of purity. young men and women to do this kind of rational
In no previous year have such thorough investiteaching, and to do valuable service in every
gations of matters bearing upon prostitution been domain of the world's life.
conducted as in that just closed. This Alliance, Much of the misunderstanding and misjudgment in conjunction with the National Vigilance Comwhich exists regarding the college is largely due mittee for the suppression of the traffic in women, to the industrious pens of those newspaper ready has gathered a body of facts and laid the foundawriters, who tell their sensational stories not
tion for further study on strictly scientific lines. rightly, if well, thus distorting the facts, and
The United States Government, through the exploiting half-truths, until full-fledged errors
Department of Commerce and Labor and the newly have been promulgated.
appointed Immigration Commission, is studying Not assuming that conditions are perfect at
the subject as far as it relates to the immigrant. Swarthmore, but feeling that they can be made to
The State of New York, through whose mego on towards perfection, it seems the wise and
tropolis the great mass of immigration enters this right thing for Friends to learn the facts, and
country, by means of pending legislative enactthen to be loyally proud of the splendid past ments suggested by Governor Hughes and some record of the college, educational and moral, to
active reform associations of New York City, is rejoice in its present high standing, and by sym- taking steps, not only to investigate conditions pathetic co-operation help to make the college among immigrants, but to correct the evils. more and more a progressively ideal Friendly
The labor unions, which include women, realizinstitution.
ing that girls from this class are the chief sufferWe believe that no better statement of the real
ers from the traffic in women, are working with spirit and desire existing at the heart of Swarth- | intelligence and energy to suppress it. more can be made, than is contained in the part
The Church, as a body, evidences little fresh ing words of President Swain to the class of 1907,
interest in the movement, but hopeful signs apas he presented the diplomas at the last com
pear. Here and there arises a minister who mencement. These simple, but strongly true
speaks out with courage and effect. Some, like words, uttered with that feeling of almost fatherly Messrs. Bell and Boynton of Chicago, are preachinterest which characterized their delivery, may ing effectively to men and boys on the streets - the well close this meagre attempt to tell the story of slave market-the flesh market-of the cities. Swarthmore's aim and influence. President
Cardinal Gibbons, in a recent interview, promised Swain said:
the assistance of the Catholic Church, and prom“Your alma mater expects you to make good friends,
inent members of Protestant Churches are workgood neighbors and good citizens. She expects you to ing with us. give your influence to every righteous cause and work.
Nor must we forget to mention the fine work of She expects you to fill with fidelity and efficiency every mission or place to which your fellow-men cail you. In
the “Young Women's Christian Association," and short, your alma mater expects you with each year to the "Traveller's Aid Society;" their work at the more fully exemplify in your own lives, by words and
Jamestown Exposition was especially effective. deeds to be seen of all men, that it is indeed the things of the spirit that alone endure."
No one can estimate the splendid results that HENRY W. WILBUR. must follow the efforts of “The Young Men's
Christian Association" in their separate course of
Bible study in Colleges, and their Sunday afterLet us not lose the savor of past mercies and past
noon addresses to young men in theatres. They pleasures; but like the voice of a bird singing in the rain, let grateful memory survive in the hour country, including medical colleges, and have at of darkness.
Robert Louis Stevenson. present some 40,000 young men in attendance,
in reach nearly every college and university in the
In addition to “The White Cross,” other associ- Their preliminary report shows that, with some ations among boys and young men are being or- exceptions, outside of theological schools, no ganized, the object of them all being purity of general systematic measures for moral instruction life. One of these, intended for travelling sales- are taken in these institutions. We shall await men, called “"Gideon's Band,” is spreading rapidly the recommendations of this committee with great among these sorely tempted young men.
interest. Our movement does not get much help from the It seems strange to us that the man who has Press. The dailies will print brief reports of our stood as the chief advocate of the iniquitous and meetings, with much left out that would do the now discredited European system of State Regupeople good, from a survival of the feeling, per- lation of Vice, Professor Fournier, of Paris, should haps, that people ought not to know the truth have originated a movement among physicians even when tactfully told. The inconsistency of that is certain to be of world-wide value. I refer this attitude is evident, when the Press reports to the organized movement for the instruction of with enormous scare-heads all of the harmful young men and boys as to the prevalence and disdetails of divorce trials, murders, felonious assaults astrous results of social diseases. Fournier, after and society scandals. The effect of the publication being at the head of the system of Regulation of of the Thaw trial last winter can be traced in a Vice in France for many years, found that this wave of similar crime which has swept over the system, with its methods of segregation, medical country, very evident to those who have eyes to inspection and police surveillance "did very little see. The Press is one of the greatest educational good,” as he acknowledged at the Brussels Conforces of the present day: Surely it should lead in ference two years ago, and seems to have made moral education with a vigor and effect that would no adequate reply to the criticism-"And to do make a rapid rise in the moral standards of our that little good you do incalculable harm!" He people! There is a certain amount of truth in the was thrown back on the method of the instruction plea of publishers that they give to their readers of youth, by lectures from physicians and by what the readers want; but if the Press is to be means of pamphlets authorized by them. at all educational it should strive to form a taste The medical societies of this country passed for better things. Moreover, we have the right through much the same experience, resulting in to question the sincerity of publishers who make the organization of the American Society of Moral this plea, when in other parts of the paper are the and Sanitary Prophylaxis, of which Dr. Prince A. advertisements of quack doctors and their reme- Morrow of New York, is President. Branches dies, which surely are below the level of the de- have been organized in Philadelphia, Chicago and mand of the bulk of their readers.
Baltimore. The Chicago Society is very active in There is one variety of publication that has per the distribution of literature, having sent out formed splendid service during the year--the 150,000 pamphlets, the secretary estimating that monthly magazine-The Ladies' Home Journal, the health of at least 1,000 young men has been McClure's Magazine, and Collier's Weekly. The thus preserved. article in McClure's on conditions in Chicago, by The Baltimore Society has the unique advantage George Kibbe Turner, was a true revelation of a of being authorized by the Medical Society of the situation which exists, not only in that great cen- State of Maryland and organized by a committee tral metropolis, but in many other cities.
appointed for the purpose; the president of the The series of articles in The Ladies' Home Jour- State Medical Society, under the constitution, benal, by Margaret Deland, Ben B. Lindsey and | ing the president of the Society of Social Hygiene. others, on the necessity for early instruction of Perhaps no better work can be done at present children and young people in sexual physiology is than the free distribution of this literature, which worthy of the highest praise. The courage and gives plain facts necessary for every young man sacrifices of the owners should be commended by to know, under the sanction of the medical proall friends of purity. Efforts to extend the circu
fession. Our Alliance plans to assist in this work lation of these journals would be a practical exhi
so far as our funds permit. bition of gratitude.
The American Medical Association, a national At a recent meeting of the National Teachers' body of 80,000 members, is doing good work in
sending out physicians as lecturers. One of Association of America a committee was appointed these, Dr. McCormick, does not fail to warn to ascertain to what extent moral education is
young doctors and the public, not only against the conducted in our colleges and universities. Emi
use of quack medicines, but also against the nent educators were appointed on this committee, physical and social dangers inseparable from an with Dr. Martin G. Brumbaugh" as chairman. immoral life.
The club women of Chicago have begun a work them to remain unmolested for years through the in that city that we may well extend: It consists half-consent of “good” citizens, until every boy in giving courses of “Talks on Hygiene" to the of the city and every traveller who arrives may girls in department stores and factories by women have easy access to them.
At the time of a recent celebration in one of peculiarly exposed situation, come to know many our cities no section was better illuminated and facts that are essential to their well-being. The decorated than the “red-light” district. It bid proprietors favor the movement; and, as the girls fair to outshine the City Hall. are taken in relays and usually at the noon hour, Friends, let us not be swayed from principle by there is little loss of their time. A lady who prejudice, or false reasoning, or business interstands high in social circles in Chicago tells me ests, or political affiliations. Let us not yield for that a surprisingly large number of girls attend one moment to the false reasoning that favors on these occasions.
segregation or regulation of vice by the police, Our European associates held an interesting but realizing the power of the enemy that conconference at Luango among the Italian lakes last fronts us, let us highly resolve that to the imfall, and plan to hold a Congress next September provement of the evils of impurity we shall devote at Geneva, at which we shall be represented. our lives; and if we learn that these evils root Our British friends have sent us a greeting, themselves in social and economic conditions that through their secretary, Mr. Maurice Gregory. are dear to us, let us not hesitate to advocate
changes, only so that our young people may be
saved to lives of purity and usefulness and the The report of our Executive Committee here- welfare of future generations conserved. with presented summarizes the work of THE ALLIANCE for the past year.
MORALITY AND RELIGION. The forces of evil against which we strive have been active, and intelligently directed. The At a recent religious gathering, I was much divekeepers and the white slave traders are per
interested in the various uses of the term moralifecting their organization throughout the country, ty. Sometimes one finds at such meetings stateand indeed, throughout the world. Every effort to ments to which one cannot assent and feelings suppress them is met with a boldness and an with which one cannot accord, but how little and ingenuity which proves the nature of the enemies insignificant they appear when one is seized by we face. They are entrenched in evils of long the true religious spirit of such a gathering. standing; in the ignorance of the people; in Worldly interests and personal differences fade closer relations with many lines of business; in from the margin of consciousness while deep relations with the police and the politicians who religious thoughts and feelings become accentucontrol the police. Said a high police official to
ated and ultimately assume paramount importme the other day, “The saloons pay our salaries.' ance as the richest heritage to mankind. The inference is that the police obey and protect
There is to-day, however, among many people a their paymasters, the saloons; and the dives and general but somewhat confusing substitution of dens that go with the saloon, and the traffic in morality for religion. If one means to include or womanhood that goes with these.
connote in the term morality, both morality and There has revived in some quarters, notably in religion, then all is well and good, but if one Philadelphia and Chicago, a tendency to advocate means by morality, the exclusion of religion, then segregation of immoral houses and their regula- all is not right and good. Morality emphasizes tion by the police. It is being attempted and man's relation to man; religion not only emphaonce in a while some Grand Jury, knowing almost sizes man's relation to man but man's relation to nothing of the facts, advises it. It cannot be
It cannot be God. Such a conception will exclude Matthew done. Our American people will not permit it, Arnold's views that “religion is morality touched nor should they. It is true that many of such
with emotion.” The great philosopher Kant gave
a more acceptable view but not an adequate one houses can be gathered into one locality of a city,
when he said that, “religion is morality viewed but not all of them or nearly all of them. And if
as a divine command" and morality is based on a it could be done the result would be to establish a
categorical imperative, which says, “Do not permarket for vice, which becomes as much a city form any acts of which thou canst not will that institution as the City Hall or the Postoffice. Are they become universal.” you willing to stand for that? Better, far better, What is the conception which lies at the founto keep these places on the move than to allow dation of true religion? True religion for each of us means a closer relationship between man and ONE OF OUR WIDE AWAKE ADULT man and a closer relationship between each indi
CLASSES. vidual person and God. Religion is the tie which
The success of a Bible or Conference Class debinds each of us to God. It is the bond or union
pends upon the originality of thought and freebetween God and man and must therefore be in dom of expression which are developed in its the last analysis an individual matter. This
members. To promote these, we need as little would explain why all other things in the world formality in organization as possible. There seem little and insignificant when one is develop- ought not to be a teacher but simply a leader; and ing a deeper and richer religious insight. For,
the leader ought to keep in mind constantly that after everything in the world is considered, is the class has met to talk things over, restraining there anything which can compare in importance if need be, his own desire to talk and to decide to the immanence of God in man--that which may
questions. It is the leader's place however to ask lead one to transcend in thoughts and feelings questions, for much can be done in this way to strictly human limitations? Religion must nec
develop thought. It is well to assign them for essarily be broader than morality; it is essential the following lesson, either to the class in general to man's true development and will give horizon
or to individuals. A little time for preparation and stability to morality, and hope and faith to
will encourage those who do not talk freely. each individual.
Patience, absolute avoidance of the spirit of critiHow shall one develop beyond a strictly moral cism, and well chosen words of encouragement life? A better appreciation of the “inner voice” by will go far towards establishing perfect freedom which God speaks to man is one of our chief of expression. A better acquaintance among the sources of religious development. This “inner members may be trusted to do the rest. light” is universal to man, original in its nature
A Junior Bible Class that we know has been and infallible in its operations, but to assume
conducted along these lines for several years and that man's interpretation of it is infallible is fre
has grown constantly in interest. During the quently to mistake a prejudice, a narrow point of view or a selfish motive for a Divine light and
past year, the course of study was in the organiproduce an individual who is intolerable and in- zation and testimonies of the Society of Friends. capable of growth. A religious attitude of mind At one time, the members were asked to tell with serious contemplation and prayerful suppli- “What it means to me to be a Friend.” Later in cation is necessary if we would train ourselves to the course, they were asked to define Quakerism rightly hear that'still small voice” which speaks in a way that would be distinctive and brief, yet to thee and to me.
BIRD T. BALDWIN. comprehensive. The study of the Separation and West Chester, Pa.
the causes of it formed an interesting and helpful part of the course. An historical sketch of the
Monthly Meeting to which the class belongs was When we get to the bottom of the matter, we
another valuable feature. find the inhabitants of this earth broadly divided
In studying the testimonies, some of the quesinto two great masses—the peasant paymasters, spade in hand, the original and imperial producers tions asked were as follows: “What is the purpose of turnips, and, waiting on them all round, a
of worship?” “If it is an individual matter, why crowd of polite persons, modestly expectant of need we go to meeting ?” “What constitutes a turnips, for some-too often theoretical-service. good meeting?” “Why do we have so many There is first the clerical person, whom the peas- silent meetings?” “Is not the feeling of a need ant pays in turnips for giving his moral advice;
of vocal ministry sufficient warrant for trying to then the legal person, whom the peasant pays in supply it?" "Where shall we draw the line beturnips for telling him in black letter, that his
tween harmful and harmless amusements?'' house is his own; there is thirdly the courtly per
As review questions for the year's work, the son, whom the peasant pays in turnips for pre
following among others were given out: “What senting a celestial appearance to him; there is
are the requirements for membership in the Socifourthly the literary person, whom the peasant pays in turnips for talking daintily to him; and ety of Friends?” “What are the peculiarities of there is lastly the military person, whom the
our organization?" "What are the peculiarities peasant pays in turnips for standing, with a of our testimonies?” “What are the peculiarities cocked hat on, in the middle of the field, and of our doctrine?” “What changes might profitexercising a moral influence upon the neighbors. ably be made in our methods of doing things?”
-Ruskin. “What should chiefly distinguish us?'' P.