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And; from the improved state of the morals of the poor it might be hoped, that the sons, at least of those who would be most forward to complain of such an addition (as they might consider it) to the burden of poor rates. might experience some miugation of that evil. For i need scarcely observe, that the project would not be worth attempting, if the proposed instructions were not to go · far beyond the customary reach of a threepenny weekly school*. The means of early instruction woula thus be open to all, whose parents were willing to embrace them. How far it would be proper to warrant the use of coercion to enforce attendance, might be a fit subject for consideration, but it is to be hoped, that the necessity-of having recourse to it, if general accommodation were consulted as much as possible, would occur too rarely to make it appear harsh or offensive. The authority. to which I have above referred, is that of Dr. Adam Smith, and to which, on no occasion contemptible, I venture, in this case, to attribute more than its usual weight; for, in general, he is sufficiently adverse to the too frequent interference of government with the choice and inclinations of the subject; and his very forcible con servations, on the important consequences which may be looked for from the inorals of the poor, according, as they are orderly or depraved (never more worthy of attention than in the present state of our poor, and in the present state of Europe) must come with added strength to all who entertain higher notions of the peculiar advantages of a Christian instruction, than that eminent political writer seems to have done. Some expedient of the nature above-mentioned appears to me, for various reasons, so loudly called for, that I cannot mention it without regretting my want of leisure and of talent to do justice to the subject. The measure is, at all events, deserving of serious contemplation, and would certainly be better not attempted, than unwisely executed. I should, therefore, be sufficiently flattered could I but be instrumental to the provoking of a discussion, which may, one day, perhaps, gain some share of notice from your pen; persuaded that

* An instiration under act of parliament perhaps would scarcely er brace the various, objects proposed in " An Essay on the. Importance of Schools of Industry and Religious Instruction, &c. by Robert Achlom Ingram, B. D.” but the remainder would furnish an easier task for private beneficence to accomplish. 1891.1? Jue'sinde

Vol. VIII. Churchm. Mag. May 1805 " Y y " the

the ablest champions of our-establishinent; comprising Church avd State, need not think it beneath them to bear à part in it. 01.0i j ? :$CL 220 90 B Vam, dear Sir,!.'

o n the ini.lv fois ? Your very sincere friend, "!! 2,1 l itri. ''And liumble servant, ir Cowan's


RI Gigglescick, 18th April 1803....... ch9112T lo 1999


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On the Latin Iords Græcised, employed by the Writers of . . the New Testament. 11614,1 AKSU

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MAGAZINE, 1301? ( Dass es SIR, .;;..

i i ..i n te TN addition to my statement of the opinions of Mr

Evansou, inserted in your Magazine for last Month, I wish to lay before your readers a specimen of the arguiments which that Gentleman brings to prove that the major part of the canonical seriptures of the New Testament are spurious. :* w

* " ! ':...do In his Dissonance of the four generally received Evana gelists (p. 98.) we have these words. " There is however another circumstance in this story of the demoniae, as also in the passage cited as objectionable in the Acts of the Apóstles, which if considered as it deserves, appears very satisfactorily to evince the spuriousness of both the pas. sages, and even to point out nearly the date of their in. terpolation, which is, that the word legion in the first; and the words aprons and handkerchiefs in the second, are hot Greek, but Latin words written in Greek characters.” · He then proceeds to bring forward his reasons for thinking that such terms evince the spuriousness of the passages in which they are contained, which are too long to insert here, and afterwards draws this conclusion; “It is not probable that cominon Latin words were adopted into the Greek language by any, and still less so by good writers, till after the arms and arrogant haaghtiness of the Romans and the servile adulation of the conquered provinces, had been carried to their greatest height; that as, till the latter end of the reign of Trajan, or begin. ning of the second century of the Christian æra.” (p. 29, 30.) ..

. He says he does not recollect any Greek writer of note who has adopted such a practice prior to the Historian Herodian, in the third century, and that it is evident it was not in use some time after the writing of St. Luke's histories, becanse Josephus does not give into it (p. 30.) After some further observations on St. Luke's own practice, &c. he thus concludes his argumentation. "I'must confess that this single circumstance of the language strikes my mind so strongly that I suspect every passage and writing, wherein it is toond, to be either an interpolation or fiction of no earlier date than the beginning of the second century; and it corroborated by other circumstances of inconsistency or great improbability, it affords me a full conviction of their spuriousness and want of Apostolic authenticity.” (p. 32.)";

Who would not suppose, when he reads all that Mr. E. has so confidently advanced upon this question, that he had made himself master of his subject, and was sure of his ground, before he ventured to rear such a superstructure upon it; that he had himself consulted, not only Herodian and Josephus, but all the Greek authors that treat of Roman affairs, and after a careful and minute investigation had found that none of them employed Latin words græcised ? But no such thing. Testimony, with this gentleman, we know possesses little weight. He appears to have been satisfied by his own reasoning that such a thing could not be, and then, with his usual precipitation, committed himself upon it to the public, bringe ing it forward as an argument to prove that large portions of scriptúre are forgeries.

I shall now, having myself a great respect for testimony, bring forward one sufficient witness, who will level this whole hypothesis, ingenious as it may seem, with the ground; and this witness shall be that honest and respectable Greek historian Polybius, who wrote a century and half before Christ, and who græcises the Roman military terms. I first learned this from Parkhurst's Lexicon upon the Greek Testament, under the word asyewu, but not having this author in my own collection, I applied to a learned friend who has, that I might ascertain the correctness of Parkhurst's assertion. He re. plied to my queries in these words, “I have no Paris Yy

edition édition of Polybius, but I find in my edition, Lib. vii-the words tpicpixs; Heplanences, cames, xsutupiwias, dexofiores, all these occur two or three times in the chapter. Polybius renders Veiltes "ypod popogas, and centuriones sometimes režiceptes. He uses the 'wurd' extra opbevapies, but this he thinks neces"sary to'interpret XEXT25:- 78 FORD DEXTou occurs too. It is pro

per to observe that the words above mentioned are found (nearly together' or in a few following pages which con

tain an account of the Roman militia; I am not sure that "thcybeçur elsewhere in the work; legion is usually ren. dered sparotidos: 'I cannot find in 'him the words you quote from the New Testament, but I think they probably may be found' were the work of Polybius to be read through with the view of seeking for them : at any rate he seems to have fainiliarized the Greeks to Latin war terms to such a degree, as to make the continuance of such an adoption of Latin terms, easy to his followers.". It

In a postscript to his letter iny friend makes an observation upon the subject I am upon, which I think 'too sensible and judicious to be lost. $;",? ? !.. 31. Since sealing my letter it has occurred to me (though I know not that the opinion is worthy' of attention) that possibly some, if not all, of the words whicb you have quoted from the New Testament, may not have been græcised by the Apostles directly from the Latin, but may have been before introthiced from the Latin into the Hebrew tongue of the Apostles' time, and so græcised by the Apostles from the Hebrero; thus operyendoor may be formed from the Febrew147270, a word evidently made from, and of the same meaning as' flagellum, and what renders this alinost certain is, that if the Greek word had been formed diSrectly from the Latin it would have been paseys.oy and not Φραγελλιον; on the other hand it would be φραγελλιον if form

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* The same reason also might be assigned for its being

Oby.sxsv@sov, and not énusxebtor as Hederic would have it. . *- Though St. Luke upon other occasions does not use the "word asywv,' vet here he was not at liberty to alter it: for here he was recording a Name not speaking of a thing. The dæmons said their name was rias (Gr. deyew) it would have been quite absurd if the Evangelist had given it σπειρα, οι τρατοπεδος.

Ex uno disce omnes Froin -this instance we may learn what little dependence is to be placed upon the arguments which Mr. E.


has adduced to invalidate the canon of the New Testament. If he could not submit to sober and impartial investigation in a case which so glaringly demanded it, can it be expected that he has in others. In fact, as far as I have considered his work, the bulk of his reasoning lies open to similar objections. His love for his here. tical opinions urged him to bring forward precipitately and inconsiderately every argument in favour of them, that he could clothe in a specious dress. · April 22, 1905.

. . Omicron."

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FEEL great pleasure in addressing a remark, which 1 I think it necessary to make, to a publication which appears to me to be conducted on exemplary principles, with regard to both religion and politics. I see, with pleasure, a constant adherence to the established religion of the church of England, and to the excellent constitution of this kingdom, continually enforced and maintained, without the fulsome arrogance, of everlasting egotism, or the insolent clamour of perpetual vituperation. Avoiding every boast of your own religion and loyalty, you employ the best means of imparting those qualities to others; and, in your work, wit and learning, mirth and argument, combine in the same important cause. I do not make this eulogy in the hope of procuring attention to my communication, but as a genuine effusion of approbation : if my letter is not worth inserting, you will of course reject it; but I asşure you neither hope nor fear can influence me to abstain froin declaring, unreservedly, those sentiments which I feel sincerely.

· I am not a very old man, but have been some years married, and lately sent my son to an academy near town. At his departure, following the recollected example of my own parent, I put into his hands a new Bible: on his return for the holidays, I saw, with surprise and regret, that it was still new. When I was at school, which is


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