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At Edinburgh, John Robison, the rebellion in 1745, as well as in L. L. D. professor of natural phim the American Revolution. He as+ losophy in that University, and well sisted Mr. M.Pherson, not only in known in the literary world by his collecting the traditions, but in die excellent publication, entituled gesting, translating, and writing “ Proots of a Conspiracy, &c. 8vo." Ossian. various articles in the Encyclopæ- At Windsor, Mrs. Sarah Liddia Britannica; Elements of Me- derdale, sister of the late Lord chanical Philosophy, &c. &c. Bishop of Kildare. .

At Greenock, in his 88th year, Aged 70 years, Thomas Banks, Captain Alexander Morison, of the Esq. R. A. whose abilities as a late North Carolina Highlanders, sculptor, added a lustre to the arts and known in his circle for his zeal and his country. and activity in the suppression of

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Juvenis on Sunday Drills; the Extracts from the same quarter; and other favours, will appear in our next.

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-5. ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE AND REVIEW,

For MARCH 1805.

Be thou, faithful unto death, and I will give thee a Crown of Life.

Rev. ii. 10.

· BIOGRAPHY.

THE LIFE OF ST. IGNATIUS.

TE that would learn' accurately the faith and discia 11 pline of the Christian Church in the first ages must acquaint himself with the lives, characters, and writings of the earlier fathers. It is to be lamented that these are not more generally studied by Christians, since by so doing they would be preserved more effectually from the prevalent evils of schism and enthusiasm. , 2. Aipong those brilliant luminaries who shone as distinguished lights in their generation, and by their venerable remains enable us to mark what were the principles and government of the Church in their time, none is so deservedly entitled to our reverence as the holy Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch.

This excellent saint was surnamed Theophorus, whence some have supposed and confidently asserted, that he was that little child whom our Saviour took in his arms and placed in the midst of his disciples. But this is a vain imagination not supported by any ancient author; and it moreover is expressly contradicted by St. Chrysostom, who says that St. Ignatius never saw dur Saviour in the flesh.

Some have made him the immediate successor of St. Peter in the see of Antioch, but it is now generally admitted that liis predecessor therein was Evodius, who, beyond a doubt, did succeed that apostle. St. Ignatius

Vol. I'III. Churchm. Mag. March 1805, Y became

became bishop about the year 67, being consecrated by the apostles then living, and he continued to govern his flock with great diligence, wisdom, and piety, nearly forty years. Of his conduct in this important station we have the following account transmitted to us in the Relation of his martyrdom, where we are told “that he was a man in all things like unto the Apostles; that as a good governor, by the helm of prayer and fasting, by the constancy of his doctrine and spiritual labour, he opposed himself to the floods of the adversary: that he was like, a divine lamp illuminating the hearts of the faithful by his expounding of the holy Scriptures; and lastly, that to preserve his Church, he doubted not freely, and of his own accord, to expose himself to the most bitter death.”

· This, is a character, as Archbishop Wake justly observes, a greater than which can hardly be given to any man, nor indeed can we doubt, but that he who as Eusebius tells us, and as his .epistles still remaining abun. dantly testify, was so careful of all the other churches as to confirm them in a sound faith, and in a constant adherence to their holy religion; was certainly much more vigilant to promote the interest of piety within his own diocese, which was blessed with his government above forty years."

The fame of this holy 'prelate was so great, and his virtues so peculiarly endeared him to the people of Antioch, that when the emperor Trajan commenced his persecution of the Christians, he was advised by the Senate not to let Ignatius suffer at Antioch, lest thereby he should raise his esteem the more among the people there, and render him still more dear and desirable to them.”— That monarch being at Antioch, on his way to Armenia, against the Parthians, caused the venerable bishop to be brought into his presence, and on his entry thus ada dressed him, “What a wicked dæmon art thou, thus to endeavour to transgress our commands, and to persuade others also to do likewise?"--Ignatius answered : “No one onght to call Theophorus after such a manner; for as much as all wicked spirits are departed far from the servants of God. But if because I am a trouble to those evil spirits you call me wicked, with reference to them, I confess the charge; for possessing Christ the heavenly king, I dissolve all the snares of the devils." Trajan replied, “And who is Theophorus ?"-Ignatius, “He who

has has Christ in his breast."-Trajan, “ And do not we then seem to have the Gods within us, who fight for us against our enemies?"-Ignatius, “ You err in that you call the evil spirits of the Heathens Gods: for there is but one God who made heaven and earth, and the sea, and all that are in them: And one JESUS CHRIST his only begotten: whose kingdom may I enjoy."-Trajan, “ His kingdom you say, who was crucified under Pontius Pilate.”- Ignatius, “ His who crucified my sin with the Inventor of it; and has put all the deceit and malice of the devil under the feet of those who carry him in their heart.”—Trajan, “ Dost thou then carry him who was crucified within thee?"-Ignatius, “ I do: for it is written I will dwell in them, and walk in them."

Then Trajan pronounced this sentence against him, « Forasmuch as Ignatius has confessed that he carries about within himself Him that was crucified, we command that he be carried bound by soldiers to Roine, there to be thrown to the beasts for the entertainment of the people.” When the holy martyr heard this sentence, he cried out with joy, “ I thank thee O Lord, that thou hast vouchsafed to honour me with a perfect love towards thee; and hast made me to be put in iron bonds with thy apostle Paul.” Having said this, he gladly put on. his honds: and having first prayed for the Church, and commended it with tears unto the Lord, he was hurried away by the soldiers to Seleucia, from whence they sailed to Smyrna, where Ignatius had a tender interview with Polycarp, the bishop there, and who had been his fellow disciple under St. John,

From Smyrna he was conveyed to Rome, where Dec. 20, A.D. 107, he was delivered to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre. The brethren carefully gathered up his larger bones, and carried them to Antioch, where they were deposited in the Church as an inestimable treasure,

The genuine epistles of Ignatius are seren, viz. to the Ephesians, to the Magnesians, to the Trallians, to the Romans, to the Philadelphians, to the Smyrnæans, and to Polycarp.-In these we may discover the exact order of church government which prevailed in the apostolical times, namely the episcopal, on which account these venerable remains have been petulantly questioned by some Presbyterians as Calvin, Blondel, Daille, &c. lgnatius enforces in the strongest manner the duty of preserving church unity, by exhorting all the faithful to,

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submit

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submit to their bishop, priests and deacons, and to work out their own salvation. In the epistle to the Ephesians he declares, "that they who do not join with the bishop, and do wilfully absent themselves from the public service of the Church, are deprived of the celestial food.” Afterwards he warns them against heresies, and the company of hereticks. He maintains throughout all his epistles the doctrine of Christ's divinity, and to the necessity of Christian Faith, for justification he adds charity and other good works.

Besides his genuine epistles, there go under his name certain writings which are universally now treated as spurious; though that eccentric writer, Mr. Whiston laboured to prove, that these only were the real productions of Ignatius, and of which the seven are merely abridge ments ; but in this whimsical fancy he stands alonę.

pany of he warns the prived of the cel the public se

MISCELLANIES.

Practical Discourses translated from the Latin of Tuomas

A KEMPIS, By Bishop HORNĘ.

DISCOURSE III.

Of the Grace of Chastity. 1. LUTOW fair and beautiful art thou, most amiable of : I virtues, since by thee an entrance is ministred to the marriage of the Lamb! Thou art the pure and holy dove, the favourite of heaven whither thou tendest, happily escaped from the poliution which is in the world through lust: thine is the unspotted brightness of the lily, thy cloathing is of fine linen white as snow, and grateful hast thou always been to the most High. The eyes of the saints are refreshed by the sight of thee, and by the sweet savour of thy name innumerable companies of undefiled spirits are drawn after their beloved Redeemer. For the good report of thee extendeth far and wide, and thou art reverenced even by those who possess thee not, while thou exaltest those who do possess thee above the world. Thou art the gift of the Virgin's son by the spirit which dwelleth in the hearts of

the

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