The Winter Sun Shines In: A Life of Masaoka Shiki

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Columbia University Press, 20 авг. 2013 г. - Всего страниц: 240

Rather than resist the vast social and cultural changes sweeping Japan in the nineteenth century, the poet Masaoka Shiki (1867–1902) instead incorporated new Western influences into his country's native haiku and tanka verse. By reinvigorating these traditional forms, Shiki released them from outdated conventions and made them more responsive to newer trends in artistic expression. Altogether, his reforms made the haiku Japan's most influential modern cultural export.

Using extensive readings of Shiki's own writings and accounts of the poet by his contemporaries and family, Donald Keene charts Shiki's revolutionary (and often contradictory) experiments with haiku and tanka, a dynamic process that made the survival of these traditional genres possible in a globalizing world. Keene particularly highlights random incidents and encounters in his impressionistic portrait of this tragically young life, moments that elicited significant shifts and discoveries in Shiki's work. The push and pull of a profoundly changing society is vividly felt in Keene's narrative, which also includes sharp observations of other recognizable characters, such as the famous novelist and critic Natsume Soseki. In addition, Keene reflects on his own personal relationship with Shiki's work, further developing the nuanced, deeply felt dimensions of its power.

 

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Содержание

Introduction
1
1 The Early Years
13
2 Student Days
27
3 The Song of the Hototogisu
44
4 Shiki the Novelist
59
5 Cathay and the Way Thither
75
6 Sketches from Life
91
7 Hototogisu
108
9 Shintaishi and Kanshi
140
10 Random Essays Zuihitsu 1
155
11 Random Essays 2
171
12 The Last Days
187
Notes
203
Bibliography
233
Index
237
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8 Shiki and the Tanka
123

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Donald Keene is Shincho Professor of Japanese Literature and University Professor Emeritus at Columbia University. He is the author of more than thirty books, and his Columbia University Press books include Emperor of Japan: Meiji and His World, 1852–1912 (2002); Frog in the Well: Portraits of Japan by Watanabe Kazan, 1793–1841 (2006); Chronicles of My Life: An American in the Heart of Japan (2008); and So Lovely a Country Will Never Perish: Wartime Diaries of Japanese Writers (2010). He is also the author of a definitive, multivolume history of Japanese literature.

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