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Mr. LOCK’s Religion, Out of his Own Writings,
and in his Own Words.
Together with some OBSERVATIONS
upon it, and a Twofold Appendix. I. A Specimen of Mr. LOC K's Way
of Answering Authors, out of his ESSAY, I. 1. c. 3. where he takes upon him to Examine some of the
Lord Herbert's Principles. II. A brief Enquiry whether SOCI
NIANISÑ be justly Charged upon Mr. LOCK.
LONDON, Printed; and Sold by 7. Nutt near Stationers
Hall. M DCC.
Mr. Lock's Treatises out of which the following Ac
count is Collected.
IS Thoughts of Education, Edit. An. 1693. 3. His Reasonableness of Christianity, An. 1696. 4.,
His Vindication of it, An. 1695. 5. His Second Vindication of it, An. 1697. 6. His First Letter, An. 1697. 7. His Second Letter, An. 1697. 8. His Third Letter, An. 1699.
E R R A T A.
Age 4. Line 9. for Conquently r. Consequently. p. 42. 1. 12. for Pre
ceeded r. Preceded. p. 45. 1. 33. after limits r. it. p. so. l. 37. for 384. r. 284. p. 57. l. 7. dele of. p. 77. 1. 11. for Certainly r. Certainty. p. 80. l. 33. for Heb. r. Hab. p. 105. 1. 12. for Memorio r. Memoria. p. 5.
. l. 15. . .
.ידענו .r ודעכו and l
N his Preface to his Reasonableness of Christianity,
Mr. Lock tells us, That the little Satisfaction and
stems of Divinity that he had met with, made him betake himself to the sole reading of the Scripture; and what he receiv'd from thence he deliver'd to his Reader in that Treatise. And as the little Satisfaction and Consistency which he found in some Systems of Divinity, was the Occasion of his Writing and Publishing that Difcourse ; So, the little Satisfaction and Consistency which I found in his System, (viz. his Reasonableness of Christianity foremention'd) was one Occasion of my drawing up the following Account and the Observations upon it.
When Mr. Lock says, The little Satisfaction and Confistency to be found in most of the Systems of Divinity that he had met with; these Words Most of the Systems imply, that he had met with some Systems in which more Satisfa&tion and Consistency may be found; and he would have oblig'd the World, if he had pleas'd to acquaint us what Systems those are.
In giving an Account of his Religion, that neither He might have Cause to complain, nor the Reader to suspect that I have misrepresented him; I judg’d it necessary to do it out of his own Writings, and in his own Words. I thought this would be the most effectual course to satisfe both him and others, that I had no Design to represent him to his Disadvantage.
It was also necessary to set down that which Mr. Lock hath deliver'd agreeably to the Form of found Words, and to the Doctrine which is according to Godliness, as well as that in which he departs from the Truth, and from the Words of wholsome Do&trine; for otherwise the Account would have been imperfett; and withal; if I had omitted that which is good and justifiable, and presented the Reader only with that which is to be disik'd and disapprov'd in his Religion, I should have incurred the Guilt of disobeying the Charge given 1 Tim. 5. 21. to do nothing by Partiality, or inclining to one part more than
the other. I am so far from envying Mr. Lock the Honour of having said
some things well, that I heartily wish he had said all so; and that there had been nothing reprebensible, or de serving Cenfure, in his Religion. Besides
, there may be those who will more willingly learn some Truths from Mr. Lock than from others, embracing them more readily upon the account of his Approbation or Recommendation, and for the sake of these I thought it not amiss to transcribe that which was consonant to Truth, as well as that which I found dissonant from it. By this means also the Reader may better perceive the little Consistency that there is in Mr. Lock's Writings, bow he destroys that which he had built up, asserts the Truth in one place, and seeks to obtrude on us the contrary
ErTour in another.
The Account is divided into Chapters, and in every Chapter I first set down what Mr. Lock says upon those Heads that are mentioned in the Contents of it, and then Subjoin fome brief Observations upon it. And that the Reader may more readily find any Pasage transcribd out of Mr. Lock, I have direited him to the Book, Chapter
, and Section of his Essay, and to the Page in his other Treatises; as I have also signified what Editions of them I have made use of.
I am very sensible, how little Encouragement there is from without, for any Man to appear in the Maintenance of those weighty Truths which are treated of in the following Account and the Observations upon it. The Consideration of which may perhaps incline the Reader more firmly to believe, that it is only a desire to be useful and Serviceable while he is in the World, and a real Concern for the Truth and for Religion, that put the Author upon this work, upon which Account he hopes that his fincere, though weak, Endeavours will be more favourably accepted. The Result of those Endeavours he here présents to publick View, humbly commending it to the BlesJing of Heaven; and if by it he hath done any acceptable Service to God and his Church, he hath his Desire; and may that Holy and Blessed Trinity, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, have the Glory.
we have of our own Being. I think it is
СНА Р. І.
God, I think we need go no farther than
beyond question, That Man has a clear Perception of his own Being ; he knows certainly that he exists, and that he is Something. In the next place, Man knows, by an intuitive Certainty, that bare Nothing cannot produce any real Being. If therefore we know there is some real Being, and that Non-entity cannot produce any real Being, it is an evident De= monstration, that from Eternity there bas been Something ; since what was not from Eternity had a Beginnings and what had a Beginning must be produc'd by Something else. Next it is evident, That what had its Being and Beginning from another;, must also have all that which is in, and belongs to its Being, from another too: All the Powers it has must be owing tog and received from the same Source. This eternal