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advances, or courting an intimacy with Johnson. Upon the first approach of a stranger, his practice was to continue fitting, a posture in which he was ever to be found, and, for a few minutes, to continue silent:


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were contained fundry geographical and other plates. Each of these he inscribed to one or other of his friends; and, among the reft, one

To Majes Browne.' With this blant and familiar defignation of his perfon, Mr. Browne was juftly offended : to appease him, Cave directed an engraver, to introduce with a caret under the line, Mr. and thought, that in fo doing, he had made ample amends to Mr. Browne for the indignity done him.

Mr. John Duick, also a pen-cutter, and a near neighbour of Cave, was a frequent contributor to the Magazine, of fhort poems, written with spirit and ease. He was a kinsman of Browne, and the author of a good copy of encomiaftic verses prefixed to the collection of Browne's poems above-mentioned.

Mr. Foster Webb, a young man who had received his education in Mr. Watkins's academy in Spital-square, and afterwards became clerk to a merchant in the city, was, at first, a contributor to the Magazine, of enigmas, á species of poetry in which he then delighted, but was dissuaded from it by the following lines, which appeared in the Magazine for October, 1740, after a few successful essays in that kind of writing :

• Too modest bard, with enigmatic veil
* No longer let thy muse her charms conceal;
• Though of the Sun in clouds his face disguise,
• Still he looks nobler when he gilds the skies.
• Do thou, like him, avow thy native Aame,

• Burft thro' the gloom, and brighten into fame.'
After this friendly exhortation, Mr. Webb. in thofe hours of
leisure which business afforded, amused himself with translating
from the Latin classics, particularly Ovid and Horace : from the
latter of these he rendered into English verse, with better success
than any that had before attempted it, the odes. Quis multa
* gracilis te puer in rosa ; ' • Solvitur acris hyems grata vice veris, &
• Favoni,' . Parcus Deorum cultor & infrequens;'and Diffugere ni-
"ves, redeunt jam gramina campis ;' all which are inserted in Cave's


if at any time he was inclined to begin the discourse, it was generally by putting a leaf of the Magazine, then in the press, into the hand of his visitor, and asking his opinion of it. I remember that, calling in on


Magazine. His signature was sometimes Telarius, at others Vedastus. He was a modeft, ingenious, and sober young man ; but a consumption defeated the hopes of his friends, and took him off in the twenty-second year of his age.

Mr. John Smith, another of Mr. Watkins's pupils, was a writer in the Magazine, of prose essays, chiefly on religious and moral subjects, and died of a decline about the same time.

Mr. John Canton, apprentice to the above-named Mr. Watkins, and also his successor in his academy, was a contributor to the Magazine, of verses, and afterwards, of papers on philosophical and mathematical subjects. The discoveries he made in electricity and magnetism are well known, and are recorded in the tranfactions of the Royal Society, of which he afterwards became a member.

Mr. William Rider, bred in the same prolific seminary, was a writer in the Magazine, of verses signed Philargyrus. He went from school to Jesus college, Oxford, and, some years after his leaving the same, entered into holy orders, and became sur-master of St. Paul's school, in which office he continued many years, but at length was obliged to quit that employment by reason of his deafness.

Mr. Adam Calamy, a son of Dr. Edmund Calamy, an eminent non-conformist divine, and author of the Abridgment of Mr.Baxter's History of his Life and Times, was another of Mr. Watkins's pupils, that wrote in the Magazine ; the subjects on which he chiefly exercised his pen were essays in polemical theology and republican politics ; and he distinguished them by the assumed signature of ' A consistent protestant.' He was bred to the profeffion of an attorney, and was brother to Mr. Edmund Calamy, a dissenting teacher, of eminence for his worth and learning.

A seminary, of a higher order than that above-mentioned, viz. the academy of Mr. John Eames in Moorhelds, furnished the Magazine with a number of other correspondents in mathematics and other branches of science and polite literature. This was an institution


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him once, he gave me to read the beautiful

poem Collins, written for Shakespeare's Cymbeline; · To fair Fidele's graffy tomb,' which, though adapted to a particular circumstance in the play, Cave was for inserting in his Magazine, without any reference to the subject : I told him it would lose of its beauty if it were so published: this he could not see; nor could he be convinced of the propriety of the name Fidele: he thought Pastora a better, and so printed it.

He was so incompetent a judge of Johnson's abilin. ties, that, meaning at one time to dazzle him with the splendor of some of those luminaries in literature who favoured him with their correspondence, he told him that, if he would, in the evening, be at a certain alehouse in the neighbourhood of Clerkenwell, he might have a chance of seeing Mr. Browne and another or

fupported by the Diffenters, the design whereof was to qualify young men for their ministry. Mr. Eames was formerly the continuator of the abridgement of the Philosophical Transactions begun by Jones and Lowthorp, and was a man of great knowledge, and a very able tutor. Under him were bred many young men who afterwards became eminently distinguished for learning and abilities ; among them were the late Mr. Parry, of Cirencester, the late Dr. Furneaux, and Dr. Gibbons; and, if I mistake not, the present Dr. Price. The pupils of this academy had heads that teemed with knowledge, which, as fast as they acquired it, they were prompted by a juvenile and laudable ambition to communicate in letters to Mr. Urban.

To this account of Cave's correspondents might be added the celebrated names of Dr. Birch, who will be spoken of hereafter, Mrs. Carter, Dr. Akenside, the Rev. Mr. Samuel Pegge, who, by an ingenious transposition of the letters of his name, formed the plausible signature of Paul Gemsege; Mr. Luck, of Barnstaple in Devonshire; Mr. Henry Price, of Pool, in Dorsetshire ; Mr. Richard Yate, of Chively, in Shropshire ; Mr. John Bancks; and, that induftrious and prolific genius, Mr. John Lockman. VOL. I.



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two of the persons mentioned in the preceding note : Johnson accepted the invitation ; and being introduced by Cave, dressed in a loose horseman's coat, and such a great bushy uncombed wig as he constantly wore, to the sight of Mr. Browne, whom he found sitting at the upper end of a long table, in a cloud of tobacco-smoke, had his curiosity gratified.

Johnson saw very clearly those offensive particulars that made a part of Cave's character ; but, as he was one of the most quick-sighted men I ever knew in discovering the good and amiable qualities of others, a faculty which he has displayed, as well in the life of Cave, as in that of Savage, printed among his works, so was he ever inclined to palliate their defects; and, though he was above courting the patronage of a man, whom, for many reasons, he could not but hold cheap, he disdained not to accept it, when tendered with any degree of complacency.

And this was the general tenor of Johnson's behaviour; for, though his character through life was marked with a roughness that approached to ferocity, it was in the power of almost every one to charm him into mildness, and to render him gentle and placid, and even courteous, by such a patient and respectful attention as is due to every one, who, in his discourse, signifies a desire either to instruct or delight. · Bred to no profesion, without relations, friends, or interest, Johnson was an adventurer in the wide world, and had his fortunes to make: the arts of insinuation and address were, in his opinion, too Now in their operation to answer his purpose ; and, he rather chose to display his parts to all the world, at the risque of being thought arrogant, than to wait for the aflistance



of fuch friends as he could make, or the patronage of fome individual that had power or influence, and who might have the kindness to take him by the hand, and lift him into notice. With all that asperity of manners with which he has been charged, and which kept at a distance many, who, to my knowledge, would have been glad of an intimacy with him, he possessed the affections of pity and compaflion in a most eminent degree. In a mixed company, of which I was one, the conversation turned on the peftilence which raged in London, in the year 1665, and gave occasion to Johnson to speak of Dr. Nathanael Hodges, who, in the height of that calamity, continued in the city, and was almost the only one of his profession that had the courage to oppose the endeavours of his art to the spreading of the contagion. It was the hard fate of this

perfon, a short time after, to die a prisoner for debt, in Ludgate : Johnson related this circumstance to us, with the tears ready to start from his eyes; and, with great energy, said, 'Such a man would not have been suffered 'to perish in these times.'

It seems by the event of this first expedition, that Johnson came to London for little else than to look about him : it afforded him no opportunity of forming connections, either valuable in themselves, or available to any future purpose of his life. Mr. Pope had seen and commended his translation of the Messiah ; but Johnson had not the means of access to him; and, being a stranger to his person, his spirit would not permit him to solicit fo great a favour from one, who must be supposed to have been troubled with such kind of applications. With one person, however, he commenced an intimacy, the motives to which, at first

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