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of the body, were all unavailing: He in the country fourtecn months, and had seemed resigned to go at his Father's bid become acquainted with the Mahratta landing. His mind was stayed on Jesus. Not guage, so far as to be able to converse with a murmuring word escaped his lips.-He did the people in private, and preach to some not communicate much for your consolation, extent in a more public way. He lived for nor did we ourselves enjoy his dying coun the most part of the time, after the death of sels. He said he wished to say much, but Elizabeth, with us. We did what we could was not able. His reason appeared perfect to make him happy. But the hand of the till the last, and he could speak a single Lord seemed heavy upon him. Life seemsentence in a low whisper till an hour be ed a burden to him. With you, the silver fore he breathed out his spirit. Mr. Graves cords which bind parents and child are who at present lives more than a mile from now severed, and you are left to mourn. us, was with him from nine in the evening With us the tender and strong ties which till he died. He consoled him by the cement the hearts of long tried, and long promises of God, and his own holy conver beloved friends, of fellow Christians, but sation. So often has brother G. been at the more than all of fellow missionaries in a threshhold of death, that he seems strange land are now broken. We sympastranger there. Brother H. requested him thise with you-we feel for you-we pray about 12 o'clock, to commend him again to that God whom we serve may comfort you, the Father of Spirits. Nature was now fast and make you love the cause of missions giving way. The spirit struggled to be more for the great sacrifice you have now free. The pains, the "dying strife," was been called to make in this best of all inexpressibly severe. I never had such a causes. Although God try his people, and view of what the King of terrors is, when cut off those who in obedience to his comsent to take away the spirit of man. How mands go forth to preach Christ to the heaimperious his demand, how incorrigible, then;-we are still sure that the “cause of how awful, his summons. About half past

missions is the cause of God." three o'clock he was attacked with a spasm May this afflictive dispensation be abunwhich continued, with short intervals of dantly sanctified to the church of Christ, apparent quiet, for nearly half an hour. and to the cause of missions. Come, all ye After this he sunk down in quiet. It was who loved our dear brother, come fall at the nature's last struggle. He spake no more;

feet of sovereign mercy, and there plead but sweetly fell asleep in Jesus. As “the that the indignation of the Lord may pass light began to dawn,'—"while it was yet by, and spare us. dark," his disembodied spirit rose from the I am, dear friends, yours affectionately. prison of its clay, and began its everlasting

H. READ. song. Favored brother, who could have chosen a more desirable hour to bid farewell to earth. At this hour the Lord of life

Eeylon. arose and triumphed over death. Once, after a paroxism of pain, he asked the doc MR. WINSLOW'S JOURNAL OF AN EXCURSION tor how long he thought he could live.

TO COLOMBO AND THE INTERIOR OF THE
Again he said to Mrs. R. “It is an awful
thing to die." On being asked what mes-
sage he would send to our brethren in Bom-

The Voyage to Colombo.
bag, he said, “Give them my love—tell
them to love one another." To us who

Jaffna, February 14, 1832.— It being stood around his bed, on being asked what thought advisable for one of our number to he would say to us, he replied, “Live near wait upon the new governor, to make into God."

terest for the removal of the restrictions His remains, owing to the heat of the upon us, and in other ways to promote the climate, were interied the evening of the objects of the mission, and one of our childday on which he died, in the English bury. ren needing a change of air, I left Oodooing ground. Mr. Jackson, the chaplain, ville this afternoon with Mrs. W. and two Col. P., commandant of the station, the children, and came down to Jaffnapatam, physicians, and most of the officers of the where we are detained for the night with military, accompanied us to the burying our Wesleyan friends; the boat in which we ground. After the reading of the church of are to go, not being ready, according to England service by the Rev. Mr. Jackson,

agreement. we deposited the remains of your beloved 18. Mrs. W. was quite ill last night so son, and of our dear brother and fellow that we feared she would be unable to prolaborer, in his lonely grave. Alas! what is ceed, but was so relieved this morning as to man! Surely life is a vapor. How soon has come on board the dhong. To one who the vapor vanished.

has never seen a boat of this description, it Here, dear afflicted friends, ends the would be a curiosity: The one in which story of

your beloved William-cut off in we are is about the size of a man-of-war's the morning of life-snatched away just as long-boat; though unlike that, it is sharp at he had begun to tell the dying heathen of both ends and very narrow. Jesus and the resurrection. He had been much like the boats with which Alexander

ISLAND.

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descended the Indús, 2,160 years ago; for fishery here, takes place at the intervals of
the people in India are as fittle given to two or three, or sometimes six or seven
change in their maritime affairs as in years, as the oysters come to perfection,
others. The march of intellect neither ac and bring in a large profit to the govern.
celerates nor disturbs, the even course of ment. The wind" proving favorable this
things here. The dhong, either large or morning, we came on near to Calpenteen,
small, is the common vessel of the country. where the boatmen run into a bay about
The natives seldom attempt any improve three o'clock in the afternoon, being afraid
ment upon it, although its construction is to proceed on account of the wind and sea
such as to have commonly only one consid being too high for their slender boat. Cal.
erable sail, and to go only with a fair wind. penteen was, under the Dutch, a place of
As to beating against the wind, or sailing some importance, having a fort and a large
with a stiff breeze or heavy sea, they never native population. The fort is now almost
think of it. They seldom venture out of in ruins.' There is here a depot for salt,
sight of land, or sail in the night. They which is collected and sold in large quanti.
have no decks to carry off the water should ties, for the supply of the interior. Salt
a sea break over them, but are in this re being gathered on the marshes, in all the
spect, however large, like open boats. They northern parts of the island, might be made
have however a sort of deck, or more pro an important article of export. At Jaffna
perly roof, formed of sticks and leaves in it is sometimes gathered in such quantities,
ihe manner of thatch rising from two sides that the government, finding it difficult 10
through the greater part of the boat's guard it from the natives and to secure the
length; and there is an opening near the sale of what is laid up in their stores, cause
middle for putting in and taking out the large quantities of it io be mixed with sand
lading this forining the hold, cabin and or thrown into the sea.
all. Near this opening is placed a large box 22. This morning we found ourselves
filled with sand, or a kind of hearth made

near Negombo, and learned from a fisher. of stone, for cooking. When going in one

man that a dhong was lost there last night, of these conveyances, if you have not a

having sprung a leak by laboring in the palankeen, or something of the kind, to

heavy sea. It was run on shore and went place on the top of the roof, in which to

to pieces. The wind to-day, however, has screen yourself from the sun, you must be

not been strong, and though we hoped to content with a place in the hold close to reach Colombo before night we have been this hearth, and have its heat and smoke

able only to come to anchor at the entrance
added to the direct rays of a tropical sun, of the harbor late in the evening.
in a place which the wind never thinks of
visiting, and could not unless like the

At Colombo.
Irishman's, it “should blow up and down."
With two little children, in a dhong, we

Feb. 24. Called this morning on Archare likely to prove pretty fully the pleasures

deacon Glenie. Found him most favorably of this mode of travelling. In America,

disposed towards our mission and ready to where one may generally step into a stage aid us by every means in his power. The or steamboat, and find every accommoda arch-deacon resides at St." Sebastians, tion provided which he may need, he can

where arch-deacon Twistleton formerly know scarcely any thing of the difficulties

was. It is nearly a mile from the fort, alof going either by land or water in this country. Every thing you may need must

most in the extreme part of the suburbs, al be taken with you, and your conveyance is

the so:itheast, on a 'rising ground, which

commands a view of the lake in which is both slow and uncomfortable.

Slave Island. The situation is very pleas20. Yesterday being Sabbath, we lay by ant; and the mansion large and handsomely at Condatchy. I preached in the morning furnished. Mrs. Glenie returned a few at the house of the only protestant in the months since from England, where she had place, a man of European descent. A room been with her children several years for of considerable size was pretty well filled their education. In the afternoon we dined with heathens, and Roman Catholics. with our Wesleyan friends at Colpetty, Of these a few were women. All listened about a mile south of the fort where they with great attention, and received with have a house most favorably situated on the much avidity, some tracts which I of sea-shore. It is now occupied log Mr. Harfered them, and asked for more.

There are

dy, Mr. Clough having lately lett for Eng, several villages in the neighborhood and land. The difference in the temperature of around them some cultivation, but inost of this place where they have a fresli seathe country between Manaar and this place breeze, and that at the mission-house in the is a mere desert of sand, covered with a suburbs east of the fort, is very perceptible

. stinted shrubbery. This year, as there has Most of the gentlemen at Colombo, not been very little rain, every thing seems al obliged by the duties of their station to remost burnt up. Near Manaar many pal main in ihe fort, live either north or south myra trees have lost all their foliage, and of it, near the sea, in gardens surrounded appear standing here and there in the topes, || by topes of cocoanut and other trees. Collike the naked masts of a ship. The peari || petty and other places on the sea-shore aro

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in consequence much altered by the build- ) end is a pulpit, and the room with the ve. ing of many gentlemen's seats since we randah of the house answer for a chapel. were here in 1819; but in other respects A little back of the mission houses and also Colombo appears much the same. The fronting the river, is the institution. This principal improvement in the public build is only one story, but is large and high. ings is the addition of a large and even ele- | The principal room or hall for examination, gant custom-house. In the evening 1 &c., is 50 by 25 feet, with a very wide preached in the Wesleyan chapel, the same verandah both in front and back. Connectformerly occupied by Mr. Chater in the fort, led with this in the body of the building, is to a very attentive congregation composed a library-room of the same width as the mostly of soldiers. It was pleasing to see hall. On each end, in the form of wings, the interest with which they listened to di-though extending on either side only to the vine truth, in a manner so different from line of the verandah, are setts of rooms for the general apathy of a Hindoo congrega- the instructors or others, to the number of Lion.

four or five in each wing. The whole

building, including the two verandahs, is The 25th Mr. Winslow passed in interviews 136 feet in length by about 75 in breadth. with his missionary friends, Mr. and Mrs. Lam- | A little further back and to the north is a brick. On the 26th he preached in the Wes-height; the lower occupied for the printing

range of small rooms of two stories in leyan chapel, and also visited the Sunday School office and book-bindery and the upper as a connected with St. Paul's church, and heard Mr. school-room, and dining-room, and dormiHossord, the chaplain, preach.

tories for the institution lads, of whom

there are now 16 on the foundation. To Feb 27. At Cotta this morning called at

the north of these and of Mr. Lambrick's the office of the chief secretary to govern

dwelling-house is Mrs. Lambrick's school. ment, and found Mr. Treffnell, the

gov.

room, which is large, and having low walls ernor's son-in-law, and was invited by him with high roof supported by pillars, is very to the government house, where I was in- airy. In this school more than 50 female troduced to Mrs. Treffnell. They were

children are collected daily from half past both very kind and polite. Mr. 'T. made

nine to three o'clock, to be instructed in many inquiries concerning our missions, reading, sewing, &c.' They live with their especially our plans of education; with parents. which he expressed himself greatly pleased. March 8. Went to Colombo with Mrs. of his own accord he offered to write the | Bailey, and breakfasted with Mr. Hosford, governor in our behalf, and use his in- , the chaplain of St. Paul's Church. We then Huence to have the liberty granted us which visited the seminary which is supported by we desire. In the afternoon, or rather eve government. There are nearly 200 children ning, we came out to Cotta,

and youth of different classes, most of them

natives and country born, studying English Mission Station and Seminary at Cotta.

and the native languages, Cingelese and

Tamul, under different masters. They Feb. 28. We find this a charming sta

also attend to arithmetic and geography, tion. It is about six miles from Colombo, and have some religious instruction. Mr? and is famous as the former residence of the Hosford has the superintendence of the native kings of this part of the country: seminary, We met here. Mr. Bailey and At the time the Portuguese first established | Mr. Wenham, both chaplains lately arrived. a factory at Colombo, tie chief here was The latter was a missionary in Upper Cancalled the emperor of Cotta. He had a fort ada from the Society for the propagation of as the name of the place signifies, cotta

the Gospel, and sometime in New York, being fort. The missionary establishment which he left in May last. He was acis on a hill of no great elevation, at the bot- | quainted with some of our friends, from tom of which runs a small river, which whom we were glad 10 hear. He is station here spreads itself so as to form a sheet ofed at Galle. At evening I expounded a water resembling a small lake. On the portion of Scripture to the English congrebrow of the hill and separated from each gation here. other by a small ravine, are the two mis 9. Called with Mrs, W. at the archsion bungalows, or houses, one occupied by deacon's. We had the pleasure of seeing Mr. and Mrs. Lambrick, and the other, Il Mr. and Mrs. Wenham and learning from which is in fact two houses under one roof, || them more particulars concerning such of by Mr. and Mrs. Selkirk and Mr. Bailey: our friends as they had seen in America, These are both, and especially the latter, and about the country generally, which is large and airy, containing ten or twelve still so dear to us, that to see any one from rooins and long and wide verandahs. In it is a feast to our hearts. Had the pleasure front of the former, and adjoining to it at of receiving at evening an official answer right angles, is a long, open room, covered from government to a communication made by a roof, which is supported on pillars con- by me a few days since, on the subject of nected together by a low wall. The floor the restrictions upon our mission. The an. descends towards the river. At the farther swer is highly favorable. VOL. XXVIIT.

50

13. There being no prospect of the gove || They are generally conical at the top, or ernor's coming down at present, and it more or less approach that form. To me being still desirable that I should see him, the vast piles of rocks, and occasionally a I have concluded to go into the interior; for small cataract tumbling over them, having which purpose I left Cotta this morning washed bare immense ledges, and separated and am this afternoon to proceed part of from them, blocks of stone of every size and the way to Kandy by the nail coach which figure, was to me, who have not looked on has lately commenced running as far as any wild mountain scenery since I left Mabaina, about half the distance to Kandy New England, a most enchanting prospect.

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Excursion into the Interior.

As the governor was not expected to return to

Kandy immediately, it became necessary for March 14. I left, as proposed, and came Mr. Winslow to procced 52 miles further into the on before 12 o'clock at night to the small interior. The following Sabbath he remained at inn lately established at Mahaina, the only Ramboodie, being inost hospitably entertained one on the island. After taking some refreshment, I proceeded the same night on

hy Lieut. Roddy, of the Ceylon rifle regiment. my way to this place, by a sort of liiter in He held an interesting meeting with the families which I suffered in the night from the of two English sergeants. heavy dews, and in the day from the scorching sun, but arrived in safety and in

Newcra Ellia. health, with the exception of a sick headache, at this place a little after mid-day. March 19. Left Ramboodie early this Have been most kindly received by Mr. | morning and came on slowly to this place. and Mrs. Browning of the Church Mission. The first eleven miles is ascending, as the ary Society. Though I passed along much road rises more than 4,000 feet, and then of the road by night, as there was a good descends about 1,000, to come into the valmoon, I saw enough to know that it every ley at Newera Ellia, which is estimated to where presents scenes most attractive to be 6,200 feet above the sea; while some of one brought up in the vicinity of moun the mountains around it are 8,200 feet, or tains, and who has for many years seen higher than Adams Peak, a short distance little' else than one unvaried plain. On to the west. The road ascends the mounleaving Colombo you enter the country by tain by a very zigzag elbowing course, turnwhat is called the Grand Pass, where is aing back upon itself so that in places one long bridge over the Calany Ganga, laid on part runs almost parallel with another, and boats. Your road then lies for some miles | by a few steps across, you save many rods through extended rice fields, near the river. | round. In this manner it is greatly lengthIt is here perfectly straight and generally ened, but made so as to be in no place steep. raised several feet above the fields. It is The mountain is thickly wooded and the made almost as smooth and hard as a floor trees do not as in a cold latitude become by a process of pounding into it a lateri- small and stinted on the higher elevations; tious stone called Cabbook, and covering it but when the soil is good, as large and tall with coarse sand. As the road reaches the

as in lower places, and more like those in higher lands it is so laid out and so levelled the forests of temperat@ climates. They by cutting down the hills, filling up the are covered with moss.

This mountain valleys, and blasting the rocks, as to leave and indeed all the mountains of the interior very few inequalities of ascent and descent.

are evidently of primitive formation. After It is indeed a grand military way from reaching the highest elevation of the road Colombo to Kandy, 72 miles, made at the you soon come all at once in sight of this expense it is said of 200,000 pounds, includ- valley in the mountains, about five miles in ing several bridges, Captain Dawson, the circuit. It is an undulated plain, through engineer, who had the principal share in which runs a small river toward the southlaying out the road, and conducting the west. On the banks of this is the Rhodo operations upon it for several years, has dendron in different places, with beautiful since died and a monument is about being blossoms, the only tree on the plain. The erected to his memory at the head of the ground gradually ascends on each side most difficult pass. In this pass the road with various swells, till it comes to the foot runs along the side of a mountain, so that of steep mountains thickly wooded. On the on one hand you see cliffs some hundred little elevations not far from the foot of feet above, and a precipice as many below these mountains, the few houses in the you, and look down upon considerable hills place are built. There are now but fire or rising out of the deep vallies. Some of the six; but two are building. Of the latter, one mountains are naked at the top, ending in belongs to the late governor, Sir Edward bold and barren rocks, others are covered Barnes. It is nearly finished, and will be a with large trees and under-brush, even to splendid edifice for so retired a place; the their summits. They do not generally ex expense of it being estimated at 3,000 tend in ridges, or connected chains, but are pounds, which it will probably exceed. as separate masses thrown together without The other houses are much like neat cotorder and sometimes one upon another. ll tages in temperate climates, with chim.

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neys, broad floors, glass windows, and a de noon without fatigue, and without feeling lightful garden.

uncomfortable from the heat of the sun. 20. On arriving at the governor's lodge,

The governor returned home a little I found his excellency was not at home afternoon. As soon as he had taken somo but Lady Horton very kindly invited me to

refreshment, he invited me to walk, and take a room with them; and in the after

while out discussed with me the different noon proposed to walk out and see the gar- subjects which I wished to bring to his nodens and other curiosities of the place. In

tice. On all of them his excellency exo one of the gardens which was laid out by pressed himself with the greatest kindness. Sir Edward Barnes, I saw almost every

Sir Robert mentioned his intention of ero
variety of vegetables to be found in a long visiting our stations.
European garden, with flowers and fruits
both oriental and occidental. Here were

Colombo Roads.
roses and carnations, with the yellow and
white jessamines--strawberries with pine

March 30. Have received pressing inviapples and orange and lime trees cultivat- tatious from our good friends, Mr. and Mrs. ed with apples, pears and peaches. On one

Mooyart, who are now at Matrina, to side was the coarse mountain grass, in

visit them, and it would give us great which buffaloes were grazing, and on the pleasure to do so as we have not seen them other was a field of ripe oals designed for since they left Jaffna, nearly eight years the nobler horse. As there is plenty of | ago: but as we have finished our business water, which comes down in rivulets on

here, and the wind is now becoming favoralmost every side from the mountains, and able for our return home, we cannot con. can easily be conducted to the grounds, and il sistently prolong our stay. We indeed long as the climate is favorable for working even

to be at home, and in our proper work; in the sun near noon-day, and the soil, | desirable to us by the little we have seen of

both of which are rendered more dear and though not the best, is capable of improve: the great world." Came on board our dhong ment, this may be made a delightful spot this afternoon, and have moved away from for a garden. Indeed the valley is a very

the shore to the Roads, where large ships desirable place of residence, having a tem

come to anchor. There are seldom more perale climate in the torrid zone, and thus combining in a measure the advantages of than two or three ships in the Roads, and each. Even an epicure need not find fault,

now only one; but there are generally some as he might have on his table not only sloops and brigs, and great numbers of butcher's meat and tolerable for

but country dhonies from other parts of the

island, and various parts of the coast, lying green peas, with rice, and currey, and man

in the Roads and the partial harbor near gotarts, before his pine-apples and strawber

the shore.
ries. Whether grapes will fourish seeins
doubtful. I saw to-day a vine, but it was

1t Мапаат. .
young. It is probably too cold for peaches;
pears and apples may do better. It is, at

April 4. We left Colombo. Roads the any rate, a most delightful place of resort night after coming on board the dhong, for an invalid, debilitated, exhausted, and || and have made comfortable, though rather worn down by the heat of the plains below; slow progress to this place. The principal and it must be considered a great mercy unfavorable circumstance has been the that such places have been discovered in death, by cholera, of a native man on board. this land of the sun."

This terrible disorder prevailed at Colombo 29. Breakfasted this morning with the when we left. On the morning of the third surgeon of the establishment here; and as day after our leaving he was taken, and he the

governor did not return till afternoon, I died at evening Such medicines' as wo spent most of the morning in rambling

over had with us were given and all the means the plains and climbing the sides of the in our power used to save him, but he mountains, where I found some of my old seemed as though struck with death when acquaintances in the shape of black berries the disorder seized him. Nothing gave him and raspberries. I wished to ascend the any considerable relief. He was able to arprincipal mountain, which is said to be range his worldly affairs, to direct concernhigher than Adam's Peak, and from which ing the delivery of some money which had that peak, as a gentleman told me, seems

been entrusted to him, and to send messages 80 near that one might fancy he could reach to his wife and family to whom he was reit with a rifle ball, and the shed on it cover turning after an absence of a year. He ing the famous print of a foot, supposed by was able to converse a little and to pray; the Cingalese to be Boodhu's, may be dis- | but I could not satisfy myself that he truly tinctly seen; but I had not time to gratify | laid hold of the Savior in faith, though he

He was a Cathmy curiosity in this respect. It would, per- || called much on his name. haps, be impossible for me to describe theolic. Not long before he died I prayed peculiar sensations, so long unfelt, which 1 with him, while the boatmen and

passenexperienced from the cold, so bracing and gers were all standing round; and after his invigorating, and so different from the lan- death, we committed his body to the deep guor constantly felt below. I walked until ll with prayer. It was about midnight. The

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