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The missions are in the Burman empire, at nary means. Had the expense been double in Rangoon, Maulmein, and Tavoy; in western that country to what it is in this, where every Africa, at Liberia; and there are eight stations
facility for printing is enjoyed, no one should
have been surprised. But it is ascertained that among various tribes of Indians in North Amer tracts can be published there at the rate of eight ica.
pages to the cent, or eight hundred pages to the
dollar; therefore, within one filth of the standard The whole history of missions has recorded
rate at which they were issued for years at the bul very few opportunities for disseminating the
best depositories in this country. It is further gospel of Christ, so inviting as that which is now
calculated, that with additional presses in operapresented in Burmah. The number of inhabitants tion a reduction may be made from the estimate speaking one language there, is nearly as great
above, and bring the issues there, to correspond as that of our own country. A portion of these
with the issues here. are under the protection of the British
From such an accession of strength as is now ment, where, of course, both missionaries and promised, the best results may be anticipated. converts, will enjoy the benefit of the laws of
The thousands who ask for light from Ya-Mercivilization. The people are very generally gui, Tavoy, and the entire kingdoms of Burtnah able to read. Within a few years, they have
and Siam, will receive it. The sacred scriptures, manifested a spirit of inquiry on the subject of
so long desired in Burman, will be seni forth. religion, to which scarcely any parallel is to be
The power of issuing new translations of the found in the history of pagan nations; and besides word, as in Talieng or other languages, will be all this, the holy Spirit has been poured out, and possessed, and we may hope, in a few years, conversions in greater numbers, and under more
Those vast regions of darkness will be filled with interesting circumstances than common, have
the knowledge and glory of God. attended the preaching of the gospel at all the
The parts of the New Testament already stations.
issued at Maulmein, are the gospels of Matthew Much has been done to render the press effi
and John, Acts of the Apostles, Epistles to the cient in this kingdom. Mr. Oliver T. Cutter Ephesians and Hebrews, iwo of John's Epistles, embarked with his family on board the ship and Jude. Of some of these, there have been Gibraltar, of Boston, October 12th, 1831, bound
successive editions. A small addition has been to Calculia. He has not yet been heard from,
made to the list of tracts as reported the last but has doubtless arrived. He is to aid Mr. year. Four of the principal tracts have been Bennett. He took with him a second press, the
Translated, and forwarded to the Board, which gift of the Oliver-streel church, in the city of appear to be admirably adapted to the state of New York. A third printer, Mr. Royal B. Han
the people for whom they were prepared. cock, is now under engagement 10 join this department with as little delay as possible.
Respecting the mission in Liberia it is stated, He will carry out two additional presses, one presented by Rev. Ebenezer Loomis, of New
that no appointment of missionaries has been York, the other by the late lamented Jonathan
made since the death of Mr. and Mrs. Skinner. Carleton, Esq., of Boston. Besides a thorough acquaintance with the art of printing, Mr. Han The good work of God has nevertheless pros. cock has acquired a knowledge of the stereotype pered, and a healthy religious influence pervadbusiness, and procured the principal materials ed the colony. A letter from Mr. C. N. Waring, necessary for the establishment of a foundry, as one of the pastors of the Baptist church in Monsoon as he shall arrive at Maulmein.
rovia, furnishes the following particulars: "Since The types, which were some time deficient, captain S. was with us, there have been nearly have with much labor and attention been prepar
one hundred added to our church. The work ed at Calcutta, under the eye of William H. began in June, 1830. in Monrovia, and lasted till Pearce. In a recent letter to the treasurer, he the early part of 1831. It then extended to expresses his conviction that the fount is now Caldwell and Carey Town, a settement of recomplete and ample for an edition of the New | captured Africans. Among the latter it has conTestament.
tinued ever since, so that they make up the From the above facts it appears that we are largest number that has been added to the church, rapidly approaching a consummation long de and they seem fully to adorn the Christian char. sired hy the friends of Burmah. The power acter. They have built themselves a small which the press is capable of wielding over the house of worship, at which they meet regularly millions of that country is no longer doubtful. on Lord's-day, and twice in the week for prayer. The people will read when the truth is put into We have appointed one of the most intelligent their hands. The spirit or inquiry increases, as among them, to take the oversight of them, and the means which are to awaken it are multiplied. to exhort them when none of the preachers are At first, it was impossible to give away books there from Monrovia. Monrovia may be said to except to a few, and even then, in some instances be a Christian community; there is scarcely a they were returned. Now they are sought after family in it in which some one or the whole do not by men who travel great distances to solicit them possess religion. We are about to build us a in person. Nor is it uncertain whether with new meeting-house, which has been delayed on vigorous exertions the demand can be supplied account of the want of funds; but we have reThe capability of a single press, worked under newed our exertions, and the corner-stone is to many disadvantages decides the question. he laid on the fourth of next month. It is to be
For several months Mr. Bennet was alone forty by thirty-four feet, and built of stone."
viduals in various parts of our country where a The price, moreover, at which the work can prospect offered of obtaining suitable missiopabe executed, places it within the reach of ordi- 11 ries. They regret to state that they have not
yet succeeded in engaging any one, though all was hoped that she became savingly acquainted have not been heard from who were addressed. with the truth.
The temperance measures of Mr. Bingham A few passages are selected respecting several have been very successful. Nearly all the inof the missions among the Indians.
habitants of the place are united in them, and
partake in the general benefit.
At the Valley Towns, among the Cherokee
The members of the church who live at a disand can address them wilhout, an interpretes: 1 ly possible for all to attend at one place at com
tance, are become so numerous, that it is scarceHis custom is to spend a part of every week at
munion season. For the accommodation of their lodges, and press on their attention the subject of personal religion. Finding but little en
those who were thus circumstanced, we appointcouragement, the members of the mission family; the Saturday before at Desehdsee, about 18 or
ed a sacramental meeting for last Sabbath, and early in the present year, resolved to set apart a day for fasting and special prayer. In accord
20 miles from hence; situated in the beautiful ance with this purpose, they met, January 13th, Il valley, which gives the name of Valley Towns and at the close of the day, found, to their inex.
to this part of the nation. Our brethren erected
a convenient shelter for the occasion, covered pressible joy, that they had not sought the Lord in vain. A hired man, who lived in the tamily,
with boards and railed round, except two doorwas the first to discover the deep conviction of
ways. They also cleared a place ai the side of his soul, that as a sinner he was lost. After him
the Valley river, to go down 10 baptise, and for several of the Indian children, members of the
the congregation to view the administration of mission school, and finally one of the chiefs, be
the ordinance. During the preaching, by brother came ruch distressed. Four only had given prevailed, and especially in the last prayer,
John Wickliffe and myself, much seriousness evidence of a hope in Christ, at the date of our last intelligence, but the prospect of a considera- | short interval, we assembled and proceeded to
when many seemed greatly affected. After a ble work was no way diminished. This exbibi
the river. Great solemnity prevailed among the tion of mercy to the perishing Indians, is the more cheering, from the fact, that all previous spectators, and many appeared deeply interestefforts for their salvation, had proved nearly led, while the six candidates, three males and fruitless. It reflects, at the same time, great honor
three females, were baptised as disciples of the upon prayer, and reaches the absoluie depend
Lord Jesus. The whole congregation returned
to view for the first time, in this valley, the light ance of means on the blessing of God. It shows that no faithful servant of Jehovah should labor beaming from the emblems of the great atoning in despondency, while he executes the duties of sacrifice, and chasing the darkness of unknown his situation in the spirit of prayer.
ages. At the conclusion of the service, I perceived many persons in the congregation greatly
affected. Every breast seemed to be full, and At Sauli de St. Marie, in the Michigan Ter- every heart overwhelmed with various emotions. ritory:
Some howed down under the guilt of past sins,
some hoping in the atoning blood of Jesus, while The labors of Mr. Bingham have been almost || many bosoms swelled with gratitude to see their wholly of an evangelical character, and divided parents, wives, husbands, children, yielding to between the Indian and white population. To ihe gentle sway of the blessed Savior. The the former, their value has been greatly enhanc- mourning penitents were of all ages, from eight ed by the interpreting of Mr. Tanner, who is or nine to upwards of eighty years
age. pious, and enters into the spirit of every address. A translation of a past of the New Testament into Chippewa by Dr. James, has also been use A further account of the special attention given ful, and should it be printed, will doubtless prove || by the Cherokees to the subject of religion, is a blessing to the tribe.
found in a letter from Mr. Jones, published in the In December, it became apparent, that the word preached was taking effect, and a more
Baptist Missionary Register. than ordinary interest was felt in the subject of religion. The number of hearers increased, and On Saturday evening, ten full Cherokees reanxious inquirers often tarried for prayer and lated the exercises of their minds to the church, conversation, after the assemblies were dismissed. and were received. On Sabbath morning, three In a little time, the work spread into the garri- | more Cherokees, and one young white man, told son, and several of the soldiers became hope. 1 us what God had done for their souls, and were fully pious. Still more were asking, "what shall also received. They all then prepared for bapwe do to be saved?” of the converts few bad tism, and we proceeded to the river, where the made an open profession of religion at the date fourteen, seven males, and seven females, were of Mr. Bingham's last letter. Five had submitted immersed in the name of the Holy Trinity, in to baptism. and united with the church, which presence of a large company of Indians, many now consists of twelve members, and others
of whom had never witnessed the administration were expected soon to come forward.
of the ordinance before. This slation has the advantage of affording its
At the Lord's table, I gave the right hand of missionary frequent opportunities for giving re fellowship to fifteen persons, and then sat down ligious instruction to natives from the interior. to commemorate the death of our blessed Lord, It so occurred the last winter, that a Tequeme
who, by his vicarious sufferings, laid the foundanon chief and his daughter were detained at the top of all the blessings
which we are privileged place for several weeks, during which time it to witness. Much seriousness prevailed during
JECT OF MISSIONS.
the exercises of the day, but at night the Lord' taining reasons which are worthy of your prayerseemed to operate more powerfully on many
ful regard: hearts. Invitation to the anxious being given, “1." That it is the Lord's design that the gosmany broken-hearted sinners came forward. pel shall be preached to every creature. Fourteen had just been taken from the ranks of "2. Thai there are in the scriplures a variety these mourners, but their places were filled by of passages which guaranty its success. others, whose inquiry was, what shall we do to "3. I'bat the great commission has as yet be saved? Solemnity pervaded the assembly, been very imperfectly executed. and I trust the influences of the holy Spirit were “4. T'hal ihe siguis of the times indicate that truly felt.
its accomplishment is near at hand. The influence of the gospel has been silently "5. That it is to be accomplished by human diffusing itself through the country during the instrumentality, blessed of God for the purpose. winter. An impression, that it is an important “6. That it is the duty of every denomination, reality, has reached several distant towns. A church and Christian, 10 aid in the great work message arrived from two considerable seule by any means in their power. ments, one 25 and the other 40 miles distant, "7.Thai the Reformed Dutch church has requesting us to visit them for the purpose of never entered into the work with a spirit proporpreaching to them.
tioned to its means or its duty.
18. That a more favorable opportunity now REPORT OF THE GENERAL SYNOD OF THE exists than bas, perhaps, ever before occurred, REFORMED DUTCH CHURCH, ON THE SUB
to enter upon it, inasmuch as one of her own sons
in exploring hopeful fields of labor, will probably
A committee, consisting of the Rev. Messrs. Synod, for the year ending in June, 1831, did not give up their concerns to this Board, but C. C. Cuyler, D. D., and Elders P. D. Vroom have proceeded to act as a missionary society, |, and W. R. Thompson, was appointed 10 confer according to their original organization, we have with the American Board of Commissioners for nothing to report in regard to their operations.
It appears that the whole amount received Foreign Missions, and ascertain whether some into the treasury, including $1,000, a legacy len plan cannot be devised which will secure to that by ibe late Jacob Van Benschoten, for domestic Board the full co-operation of the Reformed missions, is $4,849 05—and that there have been
Dutch Church, paid, to draits on appropriations, together with the salary of the agent, as directed by General Synod, $4,734 11, leaving a balance amounting SIXTEENTA REPORT to $114 94.
MISSIONS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF It is farther stated, that the amount now due, THE PRESBYTERLAN CHURCH. and which will become due up to the first of August next, to churches and missionaries, according to the appropriation made by the Board, The following are extracts from the Report as will be about $1,250.
published in the Missionary Reporter. Appropriations have been made to thinly weak churches, to assist them in supporting the gos The following is a list of the missionaries and pel, amounting to $4,950, subject to a deduction agents who have been engaged in the service of of various sums to be raised by the congrega the Board, in the course of the past year, 10tions or churches thus assisted, for the missionary gether with their respective fields of labor. fund—and thirty ministers have been employed. The missionaries and agents bave been In addition to the foregoing, six churches have located as follows: viz. in New York, 46; solicited the Board for aid.
in New Jersey, 6; in Pennsylvania, 44; in From these statements it appears, that in view Delaware, 2; in Maryland, 3; in Virginia, 17; of the responsibilities already assumed by the in North Carolina, 17; in South Carolina, 3; in Board, and the calls which are presented for Georgia, 3; in Alabama, 4; in Ohio, 52; in Ken. more extended assistance, lo weak churches, a tucky, 11; in Tennessee, 13; in Indiana, 14; in strong effort will require to be made to supply Illinois, 9; in Mississippi, 3; in Louisiana, 2; in the treasury with funds.
Missouri, 2; in Florida, 1; in Arkansas TerriThe subject of foreign missions has also been tory, 1; in Michigan Territory, 2; in Lower Canbrought before your committee, by reference ada, 1; in North Western Territory, 1. from both of the particular synods, as one which Of these two hundred and tilly-six missionajustly claims the deliberate attention and vigorous ries, a large proportion are pastors or stated sup; action of this synod—your committee have plies. A small number have been commissioned thought that they could not do better than to pre as itinerants for limited periods, with a special sent ihe following considerations, extracted from view to the collection and organization of new the minutes of the Particular Synod of New congregations and churches, and about twenty York, as expressive of their own views, and con-H have been employed in special agencies for the
Board. A majority of these agents have volun-| largement of temperance societies, the success leered their services, for short periods of time, of most of our missionaries has been truly enand, by their efforts, the auxiliaries and tunds of couraging. The number reporied by sixty-eight the Board have been considerably increased. missionaries, is ninety-two. The whole number
The number of missionaries and agents, in of societies is estimated at three hundred and commission at the date of our last report was finy, and the number of members at fifteen 166; and the appointments since made are 90; thousand. making a lotal of 256 laborers who have been In the gratuitous distribution of the sacred employed, in the course of the last year. The scriptures, and religious tracts, most of our misordinary appropriation to each missionary, as sionaries have been engaged, to the full extent kerelolore, has been $100 a year.
To some of of the time and resources at their command. our missionaries a smaller sum than this bas Your Board have the pleasure to state, that their been appropriated; sew have received more, and facilities for doing good by means of religious in po case, lase the Board expended more than tracts, have recently been much increased by $200 for the support of one missionary a year. the very liberal donation from the American The amount of labor actually performed by all Tract Society, of one hundred and sixty-two our missionaries during the last year, is equal to dollars worth of tracts to fifty-lour of their mis151 years, and the average expense for eachsionaries. year's lahos, including special agencies, the ex Seventeen missionaries have reported twenty penses of the office, and the publications of the new churches organized; and twenty-two misBoard, is about $100. The whole number of sionaries have reported twenty-nine houses of collgregations and missionary districts supplied, worship erected on missionary ground. is estimated at 100.
In nearly tiity of the congregations, "times of The receipts of the Board since our last re refreshing from the presence of the Lord," have port, including a small balance then on hand,
been experienced, and by these most gracious have been $20,030 21. The expenditures visitations, the hearts of the missionaries have during the same period have amounted to
been cheered and strengthened; the saints have $19,001 03. leaving a balance in the treasury of been revived; sinners have been convicted, and $1,029 18. There is due the treasurer for money hopefully converted to God; and, to the feeble borrowed, the sum of $3,000, so that the treas- missionary churches, thus favored of the Lord, ury is actually overdrawn io the amount of
more than one thousand members have been $1,970 82. In addition to this, the Board are
added; to many other churches, served by our already under engagements to their missiona- missionaries, in which no unusual excitement bas ries for the coming year, to the amount of more
existed, there have been uncommonly large and than $15,000.
encouraging accessions; and the whole number Os sessional auxiliaries, and annual subscrip- of additions, to all the churches under the care tions to the Board, there has been during the
of the missionaries, is estimated at not less than past year a gradual and encouraging increase;
two thousand. but the number of the former, and the amount of When your Board reflect upon the magnitude the latter, are exceedingly small, cither in com of the enterprise in which they are engaged, parison with the ability of our churches, or the upon the extent of the field yet to be occupied, wants of the destitute and perishing. The pre- and upon the undiminished and constantly incise number of auxiliaries we are not able to re creasing resources of the Presbyterian Church, port; it falls somewhat short, however, of six they cannot but be humbled and allicted, that, hundred, when, in the apprehension of your comparatively, so little has hitherto becn done, Board, it might, and indeed ought, to exceed a by that biglily tavored portion of the household thousand.
of faith, which they are called to serve, 10 fur The pumber of Sabbath schools reported by nish the perishing poor of our own country, with seventy-six missionaries, is two hundred and the bread of life, and the means of salvation. forty; and the whole number established by all But, when they compare the present with the vur missionaries, or under their general super past, and mark the favorable changes, which vision, is estimated at not less than six hundred; have been effected in their own plan of operas the number of teachers at three thousand; and ; tions, and the correspondent changes in the rethe number of scholars at twenty thousand. sults of those operations—when they remember, Sixty-six missionaries have reported one hundred that, in the short space of four years, the mis. and iwenty-one calechetical and Bible classes; sionaries of the Board have been increased from and the whole number of classes is estimated at thirty-one to more than two hundred and fifty, three thousand, and the learners at eighe thou. and iis resources from twenty-four hundred dol. sand.
lars, 10 more than twenty thousand--the amount A large majority of these Sabbath schools are of labor perforined, from eight years, to upwards in the Valley of the Mississippi, and the most of of a hundred and finy—and that it now enjoys them bave been established within the last two the countenance and co-operation of more ihan pears; and thus ibe pledge given by the Board six hundred sessional auxiliaries, and of filiya lo the American Sunday School Union, two seven presbyteries, embracing nearly nine hun. years ago, has been redeemed.
dred ministers, and fourteen hundred churches The missionaries of the Board have been care when they seriously contemplate these auspi. fully instructed, and frequently exhorted, to cious changes, they feel that they have abundan make vigorous and persevering efforts to estab occasion for gratitude and thanksgiving, to that lish, sustain, and encourage these and all other greal and glorious Savior, to whose gracious in. benevolent and religious institutions; and the re- terposition and blessing, they are indebted for all ports which have been received on these suh their past and present prosperity. The gratitude jects, afford the most gratifying proof of their
Board is also increased, and their fidelity and success. There are very few, if
hearts are greatly encouraged, when they eon. any, of the congregations served by our mission template the amount of good wbich has been aries, where such societies are not now in suc
cffected, in the course of these four years, by the cessful operation. In the organization and en- li establishment of three hundred catechetical and VOL. XXVIII.
Bible classes; three hundred and fifty temper The object to which its attention is to be ex.
Ju 1830, $27,209 39. In 1831, more than
patriot or Christian, will resist the claims of our
Colony at Liberia. holy caușe, to bis sympathies, his prayers, and his patronage?
The country called Liberia, extends along the Indifference in any man, but especially in
coast one hundred and fity miles, and reaches professing Christians, must be highly criminal; iwenty or thirty miles into the interior. It is and persevering opposition must be fatal to the
watered by several rivers, some of which are of soul.' Under the constraining influence of these
considerable size. The soil is extremely fertile, splemn impressions, the Board would very re
and abounds in all the productions of tropical specifully and importunately urge upon the climates. Its hills and plains are covered with Assembly, and, through them, upon all the synods, presbyteries, and sessions under their perpetual verdure. It would be difficult to find care, the imperious duty of prompuy adopting,
in any coupisy, a region more productive, a soil and vigorously prosecuting, systematic and effi- implements of husbandry, without skill, and with
more fertile. The natives, with very few of the cient measures for the furtherance of the cause
bui little labor, raise more grain and vegetables of domestic missions.
than they can consume, and often more than they
can sell. AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY. The land on the rivers is of the very best quality,
being a rich, light alluvion, equal, in every reTHE Massachusetts Colonization Society has speci, 10 the best lands on the southeru rivers of
the United States. lately published a statement of facts respecting the national society and the colony at Liberia, || rapidly. The amount for 1831, greatly exceeded
The commerce of the colony is increasing from which we make the following extracts. An that of any previous year. During this year, abstract of the last annual Report of the society, forty-six vessels entered the port of Monrovia,
twenty-one of which were from America. The was given at p. 127 of the number for June,
articles of export are rice, palm oil, ivory, gold,
shells, dye-wood, &c. "The amount of exports Organization, Object, and Progress of the the last year was 888,911. Some of the coloSociety.
nists own small vessels, which are enployed in
the carrying trade beiween Cape Montserado, The society was organized at the city of and the factories along the shore, under the die Washington, in the winter of 1816. Previously rection of the government. Some individuals in up this period, nothing of importance bad been the colony have already acquired properly 10 done to colonize peoplo of color.
the amount of several thousand dollars. Francis