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vain and spend our strength for nought. God has already given us the former rain

Number and State of the Schools. moderately, and will, we doubt not, in his own best iime, give us the great rain of his twenty, and they contain about 1,200 chil

The number of boys' schools is now strength.

dren. All the schools on the continent, except three, were visited by one of us a

short time before the rainy-season comBombay.

menced. We have a native superintendent who generally visits them every month, to pay the teachers and examine their state,

progress, &c. This man is a Jew, and MISSIONARIES, DATED JCLY 20, 1831.

appears to be attentive and faithful in his

business. It has been a subject of much SHORTLY after the date of this letter, Mr. regret in years past, that, on account of the Graves returned 10 Bombay from the Neilgher- small number of laborers in the mission, the ries, where he had spent more than a year and a

ill-health of some, and the frequent and ur.

gent duties to be performed in Bombay, it half, on account of his impaired health. His

has not been found practicable to give inore health, though much improved, was not perfectly personal attention to our schools on the restored; and it was doubtful whether il would continent, and spend more time in distrinot be advisable for him to remove to some of buting books and in preaching the gospel the pumerous large villages on the continent, in the villages where they are established,

than has been done. We hope now, howwhose more elevated situation and cooler atmos

ever, as our number is increased, that we phere might encourage bim to expect firmer shall be able to give more time to this in. health and a longer period of labor.

teresting part of our labors. These schools After noting the bereavements the mission had are situated in villages which have a popu: experienced in the removal by death of Mrs. | lation varying from 3,000 to 1,500. All Allen, Mrs. Herrey, and Mr. Garrett, the mis

these places are easy of access, as boats are sionaries remark respecting the

almost daily passing between them and Bombay, except during the severe part of

the rainy season. Should Providence spare Public Religious Meetings at the Chapel.

our lives and health, we trust that some of us will often visit these villages to examine

the schools, distribute the scriptures and The different operations of the mission tracts, and inake known among the people have been continued without any material | the gospel of Christ. alteration. The services in the chapel in

The female schools continue in much the the native language continue to be attended

same state as described in our last commumuch as stated in our previous letters. The English service on Sabbath mornings hastion of female education into India was

nications. A few years ago the introducbeen better attended for some months past generally regarded as quite impracticable; than formerly. Those who attend consist and though The experiment has succeeded of the families connected with us as a relig. beyond the expectations of those who were ious society, a few Europeans belonging to acquainted with the difficulties to be en; the English and Scotch churches, who, liv

countered, and a change in feeling and ing near the chapel, find it convenient to worship with us on 'Sabbath evenings, and opinion is seen to be gradually taking place a considerable number of Indo-Britous.

among the native population, yet the edu

cation of females is still but lightly esteem. The last mentioned class, who are the de

ed by those who think most favorably of it

; scendants of European fathers and native l while many, and those not uncommonly mothers, are quite numerous in Bombay, the learned and the great, retain all their and are supposed to be yearly increasing. old prejudices in fuil force; so that our As they are generally educated in the Eng- teachers, though generally of the brahminilish language, and seem likely to exert an

cal caste, are not unfrequently obliged to extensive influence over the native popula: encounter opposition and endure reproach tion, their moral state is regarded with much

on account of their employment. For these interest by all who desire the spiritual good reasons, though we regard the cause of fe

. of the heathen. We are happy, in being male education as being firmly established, able to say that the prospects of this long and continually making progress, yet the neglected class of people is becoming bet

state of particular schools ter, both in respect to their moral state and quite variable and Auctuating for months general character.

together. It has been our practice not to In addition to the stated services of the

commence a school in any place, without chapel, we are daily engaged in making previously ascertaining, as far as known the gospel of Christ in our school ble, the character of the people and their houses, at the dwellings of the natives, and feelings on this subject. And when a school in the streets and more public places of has been commenced, and expense thus inresort,

I curred, we do not think it expedient to

is sometimes


abandon it on account of any difficulty: || rienced the renewing influences of the unless we become satisfied that a school Holy Spirit, he was publicly baptised at the cannot flourish in that place till prejudice native service in the mission chapel. We shall subside and the feelings of the people are happy in being able to add that his conshall change. In a few instances, we have versation has hitherto been such as bewith much regret seen schools, after con cometh the gospel of Christ. He is now tinuing a short time, decline, under circum- usefully employed in superintending a part stances which made it clearlv expedient to of our schools, and we hope he will become discontinue them. But most of our schools qualified to preach the gospel to his counhave been continued without interruption trymen. from their commencement, and their state On the oth of March one of the teachers at the present time is such as to afford us of the boys' schools was baptised. His much satisfaction.

name is Moraba, and he belongs to the

Mahratta caste. Previous to his being bapOperations of the Press.

tised he had been employed in a school

about six months, and during most of this For some months past our press has been time he appeared to be a sincere and principally employed in printing for relig- earnest inquirer after truth. He continues ious societies, and in doing work of a mis to instruct the same school, but is suffering cellaneous kind for the government and for from the prejudices and hatred of people individuals. We have, besides, reprinted excited against him, because he has re1,500 copies of a work containing 160 pages, 1 nounced Flindonism and embraced Chrispartly in English and partly in Mahratta, tianity. There is one man of the brahmin which was originally written by Mr. Mall, caste now a candidate for baptism, of whose and is designed to assist natives in learning sincerity and piety we think favorably. English, and Europeans in learning the Some others also make apparently sincere native language. This work we regard as professions of belief in Christianity and of well fitted, by the religious instruction it an intention to embrace it; but we have so contains, to be useful among the native often hoped for better things from such perpopulation. The sale of it will probably sons than we eventually found in them, defray the expense of publication. We that we would speak on this subject with have also printed for our own use 1,500much caution. while we would earnestly copies of a catechism, 20 pages in length, seek wisdom from above to guide us. commonly used in our schools, and 1,000

In review of the past months, while we copies of a spelling-book, 34 pages in

see abundant cause for mourning and length.

humiliation, that so few have believed our

report, and that in so few instances the gosAs the American mission press is the only | pel has proved to be the power of God unto English press at Bombay, frequent applications salvation when we have preached it, we are made to the conductors of it to print various would yet be grateful that God has not left

us without some evidence of his gracious documents for the government and for the several presence, and of his designs of mercy religious and benevolent societies of the place, towards the heathen around us. And while and for private individuals. These applications we mourn the recent death of three of our are complied with as far as the interests of the number we would praise him, who in his mission permit, and the receipts from them con

infinitely wise, though to us mysterious tributes considerably towards defraying the ex

providence, has removed them from us, for

the assurance we have that they have gone penses of the establishment.

to be forever with the Lord and to behold Natives admitted to the Church. Since we last wrote you two natives have

After noticing the death of the Rev. T. G. been received into Christian communion | Pellinger, of the Society for Propagating the with us. One of them, whose name is Da- Gospel, and Mrs. Cooper, of the Scottish Mis. jeeba, was employed some years ago as a

sionary Society, the missionaries proceed teacher in one of the boys' schools. About two years ago he first professed to be a Thus one and another are removed from serious inquirer, and continued to appear so their interesting labors on earth to serve for a considerable time. He then yielded their Redeemer in his temple above. But to temptation and for some improper con neither they who remain in the field, nor duct was dismissed. In a few months after those in Christian countries who aid the this his convictions seemed to revive with cause by their prayers and contributions, increasing force, and he came to us ac have any reason to be discouraged. These knowledging his misconduct and request-dispensations of Providence, though dark ing religious instruction. From this time and incomprehensible to us, are in no rewe have seen no reason to doubt his sincer-spect contrary to the promises contained in ity. Having received instruction in the his word. God has forgotten none of the truths of Christianity for several months, glorious things he has spoken concerning and given us reason to hope he had expe- l. Zion. He is not unmindful of the promise

his glory.

he has made concerning his church, nor is Under a subsequent date, while on the same he slack, as unbelief would often suggest. passage, Mr. Ramsey remarks upon the indolent in fultilling these promises. He has clearly

habits of the Hindoos. made known the duty which his church owe the heathen nations, and great will be their guilt if they neglect it. Nearly the

The servants in waiting on the table conwhole of India is now open for the propa- necessity for. The fact is we have to wait

sume as much again time as there is any gation of Christianity; and perhaps no country ever presented a more extensive

on them, while they wait on us. At our

table we have four men for us, ten in numand encouraging field for benevolent enterprise. Some will perhaps be surprised at

ber, and I can assure you I have seen one our calling India an encouraging field; but

man wait on a table of thirty, better and we think the opinion supported by a view quicker than these four do on us ten. But of the country and the history of benevoleni moderation seems to be the order of the day

in India. exertions that have been made in it. The great population of India gives it a claim on

This may be illustrated by what occurs the Christian world above any other coun

every day in Calcutta. Two, three, or four try to which missionaries can have access.

men generally rent one shop, in which they

have their different wares. Each shopIn most places in this country where the keeper has his own lock and key, and when gospel has once begun to take effect, its ad

the business of the day is over every man vance has been steady and increasingly rapid. And perhaps when the people gen

puts his own lock on the door. It is no erally shall have become enlightened to see

unusual thing in going through the bazaar the absurdity of their own religion and the early in the morning, to see four or five excellence of Christianity, they may at once

locks hanging to one door. In the morning, break the chain of caste, and throwing off and sits down on the steps and waits for the

when one man comes, he takes off his lock the shackles of superstition, a nation may be born in a day. Considering the great

others. Perhaps in an hour another man ness of the population and the character of I may come and take off his lock and sit the Hindoo religion, it is not unreasonable

down with the first; and thus they do till to suppose that the harvest eventually opened and they go to work. This may be

the last man comes, and then the door is gathered in India may be as great in proportion to the means employed as in any hea

ai twelve or two o'clock. If any thing hapthen country.

pens to one man that he is prevented from coming, the shop is not opened for the day. The others put on their locks again, and go

home and wait till the next day. The one Heathen Worship-Hindoo Indolence.

who may have been delayed will not trust

the others with his key. So little confiThe first of the following paragraphs was writ

dence have they in one another, and so ten while passing out of the Hoogley river, on

wholly indifferent are they as to the value

of time. the passage from Calculta to Bombay, and just after listening to the noise of heathen worship on

First Sabbath in Bombay. shore.

March 31. Sabbath. This morning atJan. 23, 1831. Sabbath. We heard the tended the chapel. Mr. Allen preached in sound of the drums this evening, calling the Mahratta. I could not understand any people together to worship it is true, not, thing of what was said. About thirty of however, to worship the true God, but gods forty of the school children were present

. of wood and brass. The sound of the tom- They sat before the pulpit, and at the left toms and the accompanying screeching and of the preacher. The puntogees noise of the jackalls on the banks of the (school teachers) sat on the opposite side. river chilled my very soul, and threw a By the door, on the right hand of the damp over my spirits that I cannot well preacher, were six or eight old beggar describe. Oh when shall these shores echo

women, who came to hear what the Lord the praise of the Lord, and when shall the has to say to them by his servant. They solemn stillness of the night be no more were the most devout in their attention of broken in upon by the dismal sound of any of the natives there to-day. The chilidolatrous revels, but with hymns of dren were restless, and the teachers were praise to God and to the Lamb. I would indifferent to what was said, with the esthat Christians throughout America could | ception of a few. A native congregation but spend a night or two with me, and hear looks singular to the eyes of an American. these soul-sickening sounds of heathen | The women sat on the floor, and so did most worship. Methinks they would prize the of the children. They always sit with their privileges they enjoy more and more, and feet doubled under them. The teachers would pray more and more for the salvation sat upon the benches, but all of them gathof the world. Blessed be God, the time ered up their feet. 'In their own houses will come when all lands shall be vocal they have no chairs, and seem to be awkwith the praise of the Lamb.

ward in using them or a bench. I was


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pleased to see so many of them out to-day. April 18. While a heathen was at the I hope and pray that the Lord may bless wedding of his daughter last night, another them and save them at last.

came and stole his gods and waterpots. , I In the afternoon, the children and teach- thought of Micah, Judges xviii, 24. The ers met. The teachers were instructed in poor man, when he came home and found the lesson for the week and the children his gods gone, filled the air with his lamenwere examined and catechised. They can tations. These heathens are a faithless learn and do learn fast. They need the race. They will sell their own gods for grace of God much.

money, and then steal some from somebody
At night Mr. Hervey preached, the con else to save the expense of getting others
gregation very small but attentive. This | made! Who ever heard of such deprav-
is my first Sabbath in Bombay; and oh howity before? Oh how much they need the
different from a Sabbath in Philadelphia. gospel!
While we were in the house of God to-day
the heathen were marching to and fro,
some carrying burdens, others driving their

bullocks about, others blowing their horns;
and just across the street a large house is

building, where the noise of hammers and
the tumult of people were heard. Indeed

DATED NOV. 9, 1831.
the noise sometimes was so great that I
could scarcely hear the words of the

Re-establishment of the School.
preacher. The heather have no Sabbaths.
Wherefore do the heathen rage? To look

The return of Mr. Bird and his fainily from the
at these heathen, it at first appears a thing mountains, where they had spent the warm
impossible to bring them to God, the pro- | months, was mentioned in the last number.
mise of God assures us that it will be done, The school established at Beyroot previous to
but it requires strong faith to believe that it the suspension of the mission in 1828 was discon-
will be done soon.

tinued on account of an opposition so violent as

to prevent any one from teaching or any scholars Visit to a Heathen Temple.

from attending March 19. This evening I went with I think I mentioned in my last that our Mr. Stone to visit a heathen temple in friend Tannoos El Haddad, who had taken the native town. When we entered the charge of our school in this place, had conenclosure, we saw a man who had covered cluded to go to Alexandria to engage in the himself with ashes, and stripped off all his employment of schoolmaster there. He clothes, sitting on a little kind of hillock afterwards changed his mind, and determinand a fire close to him and thus roastinged to stay with us. For the sake of our and smoking out his sins? Poor foolish own school we are glad to have him remain, man, to think that by roasting his flesh in although it was thought he might be useful this hot season, that therefore he will surely l in Egypt; for we know of no other man to be happy at death! Another man we saw whom we should be as willing to commit who has held a little basket of flowers, &c. the care of this school as to him. It is now on his head for years, till his finger nails ab-ut three months since he took charge of have grown eight or ten inches long. He it, during which the number of boys has had his face smeared over with red and yel considerably increased, and they seem to low paint, and his hair stood up on end in a make good improvement. Hitherto the most frightful manner. It really appears school is increasingly popular, and no oppothat the more ugly they can make them- sition has been made to it. How soon a selves the better. Mr. Stone preached to storm may be raised against it we know them while I listened and made my obser not: but we see no special reason at present vations upon what I saw. We then went to expect difficulties of this kind. There into another apartment where there are seems not to be interest enough felt in resomething like a hundred idols, placed in gard to the gospel, here in Begroot, to stir order in their apartments, with bells hung up much opposition. before the doors which the worshippers ring as they go in to worship the idol, and also

Political Disturbances. as they come out again. They truly sound the trumpets before them when they pray. In my last I think I said something reThe place was lighted up most splendidly, I specting the dieturbances in Damascus. and the trumpets, horns, and bells made a The newly arrived pasha had obtained posmost tremendously grating sound. While session of the city; but the populace soon Mr. S. preached to them they listened. I afterwards rose in rebellion against him, Many of them seemed to think, and others and he was compelled to take refuge in the said it was folly to worship idols, but went citadel

, in the centre of the town, with, right off and paid them their homage. He perhaps, a thousand men. Here he was gave away a great many Mahratta tracts, for closely besieged by the insurgents; his which they expressed much thankfulness. plies were cut off; and he reduced to the



necessity of capitulating with the people; or Influence of Wortabet at Sidon. at least of coming to some understanding with them. Some ten or twelve days ago The character of this zealous advocate of information was received in Beyroot that he || Christianity in this land of error and formality, had taken such a course, that he had consented to suspend the enforcement of the

Together with an account of Mr. Bird's visit to new measures he had adopted in accrdance

bim at his residence in Sidon were given in the with his commission, until further instruc.

last number. tions from Constantinople; and that the people were quietly returning to their busi Our friend Wortabet is with us on a visit. The pasha himself was meanwhile to

His health has been bad for some time past, occupy the palace of the mufti, in consider but he is now better. His wife also and his ation of his own having been destroyed oldest child have been seriously ill. We during the insurrection, and to be allowed

are much pleased with his appearance. He a guard of five hundred men. This infor seems to receive all his afflictions with a mation was followed the next day, by the truly Christian spirit, and they have evinews that the pasha had been treacherously dently done him good. He has for some attacked in his palace by night, and him months past obtained his livelihood by keepself and many of his principal officers assas

ing a small store, and trading principally in sinated. This report is since confirmed, and dry goods. He is, according to the best of there seems no doubt of its truth. Since our knowledge, very attentive to his busithe perpetration of this last desperate act, ness, and rigidly conscientious in his dealwe are told that many of the inhabitants of Kings with all men. His love to the gospel Damascus, as if terrified at the horrid ex and his zea) in preaching it also continue tent to which they have pushed their rebel- unabated. He tells me that he has frequent lion, and as if aware that they have exposed opportunities of conversing and reading the themselves and their city to destruction, are scriptures, with Christians, Jews, and Musfleeing in various directions to escape the

selmans. Respectable men of all these serious reckoning to which, as they may

classes come to his shop, and by them all well expect, the sultan will bring them. he is respected as a man of sense, and what The long talked of expedition of the and integrity. He describes some interest

is of more importance, as a man of truth viceroy of Egypt against Acre, it appears, king interviews which he has had with per: is at length actually undertaken. Nearly a

sons of various characters. I should think week ago authentic news reached Beyroot, of the arrival of Mohammed Ali's troops on

he must be exerting a happy influence in

Sidon. Two or three individuals he hopes the southern frontier of Syri), and of their have really embraced the truth as it is in having taken possession of Gazza (Gaza.) A powerful fleet under the command of hopeful way, inquiring, and halting between

Jesus. Others he represents as being in a Ibraham pasha, it is expected, will soon arrive; and the capture of Acre, which will

two opinions. We have been much inter

ested in one individual, in particular, a rich in effect be the capture of the whole pashalic, is looked for with equal confidence.

and respectable Greek Caiholic of Sidon,

who has long been an intimate friend of What are the ultimate designs of Moham Wortabet. He seems to be a man of much med Ali, or of the sultan in this enterprise, or whether it is undertaken with or without

good sense and information, and of more

than ordinary independence of mind. He the approbation of the latter, we know not.

has been strongly inclined to infidelity; but The British consulat Alexandria, Mr. B., since his acquaintance with Wortabet he writes that the viceroy himself makes no seems to have learned more of the real nasecret of saying that he acts without orders

ture of Christianity than he ever knew befrom the porte. Mr. B. says, "he will take fore, and to have given up many of his Acre first, and ask leave afterwards;" and

sceptical notions. He has been greatly in, adds, “That is not rebellion in this empire.” terested in reading the statement of Asaad Some suppose that Ibrahim is to be made Shidiak, and received from it strong impasha of Acre and Damascus, and that these pressions of the truth and excellency of two pashalics are to be united in one. This,

Asaad's religion. He laughs at the stupid however, is mere conjecture.

reasoning of the patriarch and priests in opI think I have before mentioned, that the

position to Asaad, and has even taken an people of Syria seem rather to desire the interest in reading A.'s history and talking success of this expedition than otherwise. | about it to the people. He seems to have They think their condition will undoubtedly

no respect for the pope, or the Roman Cathbe improved, and are confident that it can olic religion; and sometimes, Wortabet not be made worse, by the change. For says, he seems not far from the kingdom of ourselves, we trust that whatever changes God. Should it please the Lord to make occur will be made subservient to the wise him a subject of his grace, his influence in and gracious councils of the King of kings, the cause of truth would in all probability and tend to prepare his way in these dis- be very happy and very extensive. Let us turbed regions, and that we shall not be hope and pray for his conversion. molested in our quiet labors to disseminate Whatever may have been the fate of poor the gospel of peace.

Asaad, whether he be at present alive of

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