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land in the old Saxon days, from which facts may spatched to Behring's Straits, under the command be gathered as to monuments of olden time. In a of Sir Edward Belcher ; meantime, another expedocument of this sort, drawn up in the tenth cen- dition, to sail next spring, will resume the search tury, they find mentioned as a boundary-mark, for Sir John Franklin and his party by way of Welandes Smiddan, (Weland's Smithy,) or, in Barrow's Strait. I do not give you this informaother words, Wayland Smith's Cave, with which tion as positive, but as the substance of what we are all familiar in Scott's famous romance of leaks out from authority. The French minister “ Kenilworth." One can hardly forbear a smile of war is sending out three representatives on a at what, when thus heaped together, appears such scientific mission to Algeria, “ to inquire into the a strange-looking jumble; but we know that the best means of naturalizing in the colony certain grand sum of human knowledge is thereby in- vegetable productions, such as madder, sesame, creased : 80 suum quique.
the cactus coccinaliferus, the banyan-tree, from Last, though not least on the list, comes the which the Americans make their cordage for ships, Royal Society—the “Old Lady,” as certain irrev- &c.; also to investigate the best means to be erent philosophers are pleased to call the vener-adopted for favoring in Algeria the development able corporation. The Fellows, according to cus of the wool-trade ; and, lastly, to examine such tom of nearly two centuries' standing, held their circumstances peculiar to climate as are hurtful to anniversary meeting on St. Andrew's Day, their Europeans.” A mission of this nature, if honestly noble president, Lord Rosse, in the chair. The conducted, may become eminently useful : the address delivered on the occasion contains a few more natural resources are developed, the better for points worthy of notice. His lordship intimated mankind at large ; at all events, our knowledge of that a series of soirées would be held, as hereto- mysterious Africa will be enlarged. fore, on a scale befitting the first learned society There have been, as you know, many abortive in Europe. He announced, also, that Lord John attempts made to apply electro-magnetism as a Russell had offered to place £ 1000 annually at the motive power : despairing projectors may now take disposal of the conncil of the society, as a fund new heart, for the Academy of Rouen proposes from which scientific men may be assisted, and a prize, to be awarded in August, 1852, for the enabled to pursue their investigations. The coun. best essay on the question, What system of cil, as you may suppose, have accepted the offer. galvanic apparatus, regard being had to power, They will have a delicate and important task to economy, regularity of movement, and simplicity, perform in the administration of the fund, one that is to be preferred by those who endeavor to decan be successfully accomplished only by single-rive from electric currents a motive force appliness and sincerity of purpose. Let us hope that cable to any branch whatsoever of industry?” The no petty views will ever be allowed to interfere supersession of steam as a prime mover is one with a trust, the conferring of which will to some among the possibilities entertained by able physextent relieve our government from a reproach icists : whether it will take place so early as under which it has long lain--that of presenting 1852 remains to be proved. The Royal Academy the cold shoulder to philosophy.
of Sciences of Berlin also offers a prize of 100 As usual, during the course of his address, ducats for “ An investigation of turf, (peat,) with Lord Rosse gave away certain rewards to science especial reference to the employment of the same in the shape of gold medals. The Copley medal, and of its ashes as manure.” Here is an allurthe most honorable—Davy called it the "oliveing inquiry for agricultural chemists. The mancrown —was awarded to Sir Roderick Murchison uscripts, which may be in German, French, or for his “ Silurian System,” “ Geology of Russia Latin, at the pleasure of the writers, are to be sent and the Ural Mountains,” and other able works in in by the 1st of March, 1852 : the adjudication of the department of knowledge to which he has the prize will take place in July of the same especially devoted himself. Two royal medals year. A propos of Berlin : two of its most famous were given: one to Lieutenant-Colonel Sabine for professors—Dove and Müller-were so much af“Researches in Terrestrial Magnetism ;" the other fected by the late political disturbances, that the to Dr. Mantell for his palæontological works. former was obliged to give up his duties, and Twenty years ago the doctor predicted, from a travel in pursuit of fugitive health, while the latportion of a bone found in Tilgate Forest, the ter became mentally deranged. To this cause, structure, habits, and dimensions, of that huge and to the university deputations which took place saurian, the iguanodon ; and now that, bit by bit, in Prussia in September last, we may attribute the discoveries have completed the osteology of the small attendance of German savans at the meeting animal, the worthy savan finds his conclusions of the British Association. verified, and gets a medal for his pains.
The travelling public are somewhat moved by Sir James Ross' unlooked-for return from the the announcement from one of our great compa polar regions is still a subject of conversation : nies, that the fares on their line will shortly be the general impression appears to be, that the gal-raised 50 per cent. : according to some, the change lant officer was overhasty in his determination 10 is one which must defeat its purpose. Expericome home. His ships, the Enterprise and In-ence, indeed, seems to point the other way, as you vestigator, are to be forth with reëquipped, and, if will see by the practice which prevails in the official rumor is to be depended on, will be de- United States. From a published table of sixtybix railways, it appears that the highest charge to watch the gradual spread and increase of cleanly per mile is six and a half cents (3fd.) ; the habils. Still more, a commission appointed by greater number carry at from two to four cents, government is inquiring into the vexed question while on the New York and Erie line the rate is of Smithfield, and devoutly is it to be wished that but one cent and three fourths—about three far- the honorable gentlemen may decide it; that we things per mile. The lowest fares generally pre- may no longer be in doubt as to the salubrity or rail on the lines radiating from New York- insalubrity of the reeking cattle-yard. Wont it Brother Jonathan having the wit to know that cheap- be glorious to have the space now so uninviting ness is the desideratum where population is most laid out as a park with green turf, trees, and dense. The best commentary on this statement is gravelled walks ? What a boon it will be for the fact, that “the companies adopting the lowest the densely-crowded population of the immediate rates of fares pay the largest dividends."
neighborhood! Cattle and swine once banished A gossip, as you know, must not only talk of from the city, there is no reason why slaughterwhat is new, but also report on what is progres- houses should not follow; and here your Edinsive in the old. I may therefore proceed to tell burgh “fleshers" have set an example in petitionyou that another Model Lodging-house was opened ing for three acres of land in a proper site whereon on the 12th. The company who built the one in to erect the necessary buildings. May success St. Pancras have just completed a new one in attend their efforts ! and, furthermore, the sooner Spitalfields : it will accommodate 324 single men you get your new water supply the better, for we and 50 families. Judging from the demand for may then be able to profit by your experience. rooms in their former building, the new edifice In addition to baths and washhouses at Oxford, will be speedily tenanted. Besides this, a lodgo a project is on foot for a new college in the vening-house for single men (not by the same com- erable university, on a more liberal standard than pany) has been fitted up in Old Compton street, those already existing ; it is not in the nature of Soho. It is intended for clerks and assistants, who, things that exclusiveness should always prevail. for 3s. 6d. per week,“ will have all the comforts Normal schools at Gloucester are also talked of of a private home, combined with well-ventilated in connection with the same scheme. But colleges, sleeping-rooms, every convenience for washing to wit; the opening of the new establishments in and cooking, airy sitting-rooms, and a reading- Ireland shows that a love of learning is wanted as room supplied with books, papers, and periodicals.” well as schools. Queen's College, Cork, I am This establishment will accommodate 130 inmates. told, commenced with less than forty students ; This is progress of the right sort : it is not, how- while the college at Galway could muster only ever, confined to London ; a move is being made nineteen ; at this rate it will be some time before at Ipswich, supported and sanctioned by Messrs. the endowed scholarships are taken up. Several May and Ransome, whose foundry-works are well of the professors are taking a holiday in conseknown. In the words of the report, “ The site quence, waiting while the classes grow. Some of a Workman's Hall has been determined on, and thing better than this is reported from the antipthe money is now ready to build it. It will cost odes; at Hobart Town has recently been incorpoabout £1000. There will be forly dormitories rated “ The Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land for single men and lads, which will be let at for Horticulture, Botany, and the Advancement of about 1s. 6d. a week, including attendance; there Science.” It originated in 1843; the queen is will be a large room for evening resort—a work- patroness, and a yearly grant of £400 is given by man's drawing-room, a library and reading-rooms. government to pay salaries and promote the genThe building will be fitted up with baths, the eral objects of the institution. The last published whole under the management of a resident matron report states that eighty volumes, besides pamand mistress. The privileges of the hall will be phlets, have been brought together as the nucleus available to every workman upon the establish- of a public library; as well as many hundreds of ment upon paying a subscription of 1s. a quarter ; specimens towards a museum ; and of the large and each member will thus not only have a cheer-botanic garden, it is praise-worthily recorded that ful room to spend his evenings in, but the opportu- " the society have ght, by rendering the gardens nity of obtaining his early breakfast, his dinner, attractive, and throwing them freely open to the and his cup of tea, at a cheap rate from the kitchen, public, to diffuse a love for simple enjoyments, and where a cook will be always in attendance." to establish tastes and habits of a laudable and
If, after this, Ipswich workmen don't thrive, it instructive tendency amongst a class hitherto left will be their own fault; and it is to be hoped that to fill up the void of leisure hours with amusement Workmen's Halls will ere long be found in other and gratification derived often from questionable, counties besides Suffolk. Indeed, rumors already if not objectionable, sources." You will not be reach us of something of the sort being taken in astonished to learn that a large increase in the hand at Manchester and other places. Then, number of visitors, “whose propriety of conduct again, baths and washhouses are growing ; at deserves to be recorded,” followed this wise arBirmingham the first stone of a bath-establishment rangement. The meetings of the society are held for the poor was laid two months ago; and the once a month; there are between 100 and 200 citizens of Hereford and Oxford are bestirring them- members, and the papers and proceedings are pub selves in the same cause. It will be interesting) lished in a quarterly journal. The first number of this contains reports on the coal basins of Tas- Frenchman as his own. At length the Royal mania.
Society, recognizing the value of Ohm's researches, Among literary matters, several valuable scien- honored him with their Copley medal, which aptific works have lately made their appearance ; proval has reanimated the doctor to further labors supplements to the narrative of the American Ex- in the same field, and he dedicates his book to the ploring Expedition, geological, botanical, ethno- Society, as he says, “out of gratitude.” And graphical, &c. We are, it is said, to have some here I may mention that Mr. Smee has published thing very wonderful from the States on the sub- a supplement to his “Electric Biology," which ject of ethnology before long, in an essay on races he calls '“ Principles of the Human Mind.” It of men considered with reference to woolly or hairy consists of a series of texts, in a style somewhat heads—Nous verrons ! Besides this, our beyond- aphoristic, on the various subjects developed in sea brethren are contemplating a “ Nautical Alma- his former work, embracing all mental phenomena, nac” of their own, so as to be independent of in health and disease, deranged or defective; in the one calculated by “old country' astronomers. morals, æsthetics, instinctive and acquired ideas. There is much to be said for and against. If We are to have a translation, too, of Quetelet's carried into effect, it is proposed to reckon the "Laws of the Social System,” by Professor Nichlongitude from New Orleans-a point six hours in ol; and, to leave this topic, I may just add that time, or ninety degrees from Greenwich; and then Mr. Layard is again at Nineveh ; be reached Mosul to bring this en rapport with the observatory at last September, and has recommenced his labors. Washington. An astronomical journal is also to Already a painting has been discovered which be published, to comprehend “not only researches exhibits the mode in which the two huge sculpin every department of physical, theoretical, and tured bulls were transported to their respective practical astronomy, but also investigations on all positions. This time Mr. Layard is accompanied subjects directly connected with these, such as by a skilful draughtsman; he has again visited pure mathematics, geodesy, the theory of instru- the hill-tribe of Yezidis, or Devil-worshippers, so ments, &c.—to the exclusion, however, of popular that we may look for another interesting book in articles and general speculations.” Such a design, due season. eminently calculated to promote peaceful relations Noteworthy subjects are continually turning up among philosophers of all civilized countries, de- in various circles of gossip, according to their serves to prosper.
quality. “ Have you heard,” says one, “what A work has just made its appearance here, the • Recueil of the Société Polytechnique' says published at Leipsic, which may be ranked among about a new mode of turning waste steam to ao the curiosities of literature. It is entitled, “ Bio-count?" The proprietor of a factory took it into graphical Bibliography, or Dictionary of 26,000 his head to introduce his waste steam under the Works, Ancient and Modern, relating to the His- roots of pine-apple plants; and such was the comtory of the Public and Private Life of celebrated bined effect of heat and moisture, that a magnificent Men of all Times and of all Nations, from the Be- crop of ripe fruit was the speedy result, and of a ginning of the World to our Days.” The dedicatory much finer flavor than usual, owing to the growing page shows the name of Alexander von Humboldt part of the plant having been daily exposed to the surrounded by an ellipse of stars, and the work is open air. Then another will call your attention to offered to him as “ premier connétable of scientific the monster monolith, mentioned also in the same Europe.” The author, E. M. Oettinger, says, publication, which has been quarried by the Rus“This work, which now very modestly knocks at sians to serve as a pedestal for the statue of their the door of the learned world, is the fruit of twelve late emperor, Alexander. The huge mass is 30 years' labor, the exploration of twenty great libra- metres (98·45 feet) in length, by 7 metres (22.97 ries, and of 10,000 catalogues, which we have turned feet) square, and weighs, or is estimated to weigh, over during this period.” The book is a tall quarto 4,700,000 kilogrammes, (4626 tons.) Six hundred of nearly 800 pages; if favorably received, the quarrymen were engaged two years in preparing author intends to bring out as a sequel “ Historical it; and its erection, under the superintendence of Bibliography, to contain all the Monographs relat- M. Montferrard, a French architect, required 80 ing to the People and Countries of the Universe." capstans and 2000 men. The stone which supports Such a feat as this quite reminds one of the patient the statue of the great Peter weighed originally Jabors of monkish historians. Dr. Ohm, another about 1800 tons, less than half the weight of the learned German, has sent over his first volume of new block, which, it is to be presumed, we must “Contributions to Molecular Physics.” Follow- regard as a specimen of the gigantic scale of Rus ing the general practice of his countrymen, he sian operations. A third asks you to look at some begins at the beginning, and starts with the “ Ana- notes he has made of recent American inventions, lytical Geometry” of the subject : at this rate it where you find that a Mr. Bussey, of Illinois, has will be long ere he reaches the end. There is a patented a machine which makes fences and ditches fact worth noting connected with the history of at the same time. He describes it as a “combinathis book : some years ago Ohm made a most tion of two ditching-machines, so that the sods cut important discovery in the laws relating to electric from two parallel ditches shall be elevated and currents, which for a long time was known only placed, with the grass, out in a continuous ridge through a plagiarized version brought out by some between the said ditches at one operation." Then
MANUFACTURE OF GLASS BEADS. -INVENTION FOR MAKING IRON.-A THOUGHT.
in Massachusetts a Mr. Howe has constructed aral pearls for toilet ornaments, the invention of most ingenious machine for sewing-to do the which dates from the year 1656, are very different work of sempstresses and tailors. The cloth, or from the preceding both as regards their applicaother material, is held between wires, serving as small solid glass beads of the same size as native
tion, mode of production, and origin. These are basting threads, attached to metal plates, which pearls, which they are made to resemble by a coatmove with the progress of the work. Two threads | ing of varnish, and which gives them a peculiar are used, one carried by the needle, the other by pearly lustre and color. A maker of rosaries, by a shuttle. The needle is curved, with the eye name Jaquin, was the first to discover that the about one eighth of an inch from the point; a vi- scales of a species of fish, (Cyprinus alburnus,) cm brating arm in which it is held thrusts it through bleak, communicate a pearly hue to water. Based the cloth about three fourths of an inch, when the covered on the outside, but at a later period on the
upon this observation, glass globules were first : protruding curve and thread resemble in appear. inside, with this aqueous essence. The costly ance a strung bow. Immediately the shuttle is essence, however, of which only a quarter of a: made to pass through this bow, between the steel pound could be obtained from the scales of 4000, and string, in such a way that“ the thread which was subject to one great evil, that of decay. After was carried in by the needle is surrounded by that trying alcohol without success, in consequence of received from the shuttle ; and as the needle is its destroying the lustre of the substance, sal-amdrawn out, it forces that which was received from moniac was at length found to be the best medium the shuttle into the body of the cloth ; and as this also mixed with it, which causes it to adhere bet-,
in which to apply the essence; a little isinglass is operation is repeated, a seam is formed which has ter. The pearls are blown singly at the lamp ; a on each side of the cloth the same appearance as drop of the essence is then blown into them that given by stitching, with this peculiarity, that through a thin tube, spread out by rolling, and the the thread shown on one side of the cloth is ex- dried varnish is then covered in a similar manner clusively that which was given out by the needle, by a layer of wax.—Knapp’s Chemistry applied to:
Arts and Manufactures. and the thread seen on the other side is exclusively that which was given out by the shuttle. It will therefore be seen," thus pursues the inventor," that
INVENTION FOR MAKING IRON.-Mr. M. Smith a stitch is made at every back and forth move-invention which it is believed is destined to have a
Salter of this city has just obtained a patent for an ment of the shuttle."
most important influence upon the useful arts of This letter is perhaps too long; but as Madame life, and the industry of the country and the world. : de Staël once said in writing to Benjamin Con- It is a new method of making iron direct from the stant, “ I have not time to shorten it;" and I am ore, with anthracite or bituminous coal, by a single now compelled to let several items stand over till process. By means of this remarkable invention. my next, which I hope will reach you early in Mr. Smith proposes to make wrought-iron at a cost eighteen hundred and fifty.
of 25 to 30 dollars per ton—at least half the usual cost. His furnace has three combined chambers,
one above the other, and all actuated by the same. MANUFACTURE OF Glass Beads.—Besides the fire. The upper chamber is used for deoxidizing invention of mirrors and reticulated glasses, for the ore—impurities, such as sulphur, &c., being which we have to thank the Venetians, the art of carried off at a low temperature, the mid chammaking glass beads was also first discovered in the ber for fluxing and working, and the lower chamglass-houses of Murano, and is practised there at ber for reducing and finishing. The metal is taken the present day on a very extensive scale. The from the last-named to the hammer or squeezers. small glass beads are fragments cut from pieces of The whole time occupied in this process, from the glass tubing, the sharp edges of which are rounded time the ore is put into the furnace until finished by by fusion. Glass tubes of the proper size are first the hammer, is only two hours! We understand drawn from 100 to 200 feet in length, and of all that one of his furnaces is now in operation at Boonpossible colors, (in Venice they prepare 200 differ-ton, in Morris County. We have a specimen of ent shades,) and are broken into lengths of two iron from it, which is pronounced to be of the very feet. These are then cut by the aid of a knife into best description. Perhaps a more important invenfragments of the same length as their diameters; tion--if fuller experiments should verify present they now present the form of beads, the edges of anticipations—has not been introduced
many which, however, are so sharp, that they would cut years. Its effect upon the production and consump:: the thread on which they have to be strung. The tion of iron must be immense.--Newark (New edges have consequently to be rounded by fusion; Jersey) Advertiser, copied into Chambers' Journal. and as this operation must be performed upon a great number at once, and they must not be allowed A THOUGHT.-The boat of a whaler was once to stick together, they are mixed with coal-dust knocked several feet in the air by a blow from the and powdered clay previous to their being placed tail of a fish to which it was fast. Upon coming in the revolving cylinder in which they are heated. down, the steersman fell into the whale's mouth, The finished beads are then passed through sieves and the teeth of the animal closed upon his leg, sorted to their size, and strung upon threads by After being in this terrible position for some time,
Besides the ordinary knitting beads, he was released, picked up by another boat, and another kind is manufactured, called perles à la carried on board, where, while preparations were lune, which are firmer and more expensive. These making to amputate his crushed limb, he was asked are prepared by twisting a small cord of glass what he thought of while in the whale's mouth?" softened by a glass-blower's lamp round an iron With the utmost simplicity, he replied, “Why, I; wire. The glass beads made in imitation of natu- thought she would yield about sixty barrels !"
From the New Bedford Mercury of Jan. 17. dered effective assistance, as in the case of the op
fortunate ship Richmond, in aiding the efforts to
get her again afloat and in saving her cargo. We A REMARKABLE Voyage. We are indebted to trust that the good feeling in which the intimacy a friend for the following account of the whaling with our Arctic friends has commenced may concruise just completed by the ship Junior, Captain tinue unimpaired by any unkind or dishonorable Silas Tinkham, owned by Messrs. D. R. Greene & treatment of them by our vessels which may hereCo., of this city, which, for daring adventure and after visit their ungenial but hospitable coast. persevering efforts, is, perhaps, unparalleled in the annals of the whale fishery :
From the Journal of Commerce. The Junior sailed from this port Dec. 15, 1847,
A NIGHT ON A WHARF-BOAT. and, after an unsuccessful cruise in the Indian Ocean, touched at Van Dieman's Land for recruits, It was nearly eleven o'clock as we drew near a having obtained only 100 barrels of sperm oil, sixty little town in Kentucky, where I was to leave the of which were sold at that place for payment of fine New Orleans steamer Dove, and take my refreshments and other necessaries for an Antarctic chance of getting on board a comfortable one when cruise, where Captain Tinkham had been informed I should be ready to resume my travels on the that whales were abundant. Sailed from Hobart's river. The night was clear, yet it was impossible Town Nov. 27, 1848, without a consort, for the to form an idea of the extent of the town. We Southern Polar Seas, and in lat. 65° S. fell in with sounded our bell, and the keeper of the wharf-boat the icy barrier, and cruised along its margin until soon appeared and hung out his red lantern as a the 5th of February, during which time the Junior guide to the pilot. I landed with my luggage, and was probably more than one thousand miles distant bidding the worthy captain farewell, as his fine from any other vessel, and cut off from any hope boat inoved off from shore, I turned to the propriof assistance in case of accident. The cruise, etor of the wharf-boat on which I landed. He is however, proved entirely unsuccessful; humpbacks a “ Hoosier,” transferred to this side of the river, and finbacks were numerous, with other indications with the hope of improving his temporal condition. of whales, but not a single sperm or right whale I inquired how I could find a hotel in the dark, no was fallen in with. The weather was fine. light being visible on shore. • There is a tavern
On the 15th of March, 1849, touched at Wanga- upon the bank, if you want to go there, but we roa Bay, New Zealand, and sailed thence 20th of keep entertainment here on the boat.” Being very March for the North Polar Seas, and reached much fatigued, and having had some experience in Behring's Straits, where hey took eleven whales, exploring new towns in muddy weather, I thought making 1,900 barrels of oil—the first on the 5th it best to see what kind of entertainment” I could day of June, and the last on the 15th of July. Just find" in the boat.” I was shown into the recepfour months from the time of leaving New Zealand tion room. This room was heated by a stove, the Junior completed her cargo by purchase of 700 lighted with a very thin tallow candle, which had barrels of oil from the wreck of the ship Richmond, been reduced from some disease incident to this new Captain Winters, of Cold Spring, N. Y., and also country, or else originally it had a slender constitopurchased the wreck as it lay stranded in St. Law- tion. Feeble as the light was, it revealed to me rence Bay, and saved from it chains, anchors, and the inhabitants of this floating house, and the comother articles, which were taken to Honolulu, forts with which they were surrounded. I should September 28th, and sold. A part of the officers say that these wharf-boats are at the landing places and crew of the Richmond also took passage to along the rivers. They are made fast to the shore Honolulu in the Junior, and sailed thence for home by cables, rising and falling as the stage of water on the 21st of November.
All passengers and freighi pass over After the unsuccessful cruise in the southern these boats, and ihe proprietor receives a commishemisphere, the Junior passed from 65° S. to 66°sion on all merchandize shipped from the interior N., thus making, in seven months and twenty days, or received from the boats as they pass up and down a run of more than ten thousand miles, exclusive the river. He also furnishes stores for the steamof the distance in cruising for whales, and obtain-ers, and liquor for everybody who will drink. Add ing, in the mean time, a full cargo of oil and bone ; to this the revenue from strangers " entertained." accomplishing the distance, from the south polar and I think you have his principal income. circle to the north polar circle, and taking 1,900 But to the reception room.
In this there were barrels of oil, in five months and ten days. four beds, not to enumerate the truckle-bed and
We are not aware that a similar achievement cradle. The roof was simpla in construction and has been performed by a ship of any nation; and it plain in finish, being boards in the rough state so certainly affords a striking illustration of the in- fastened as to form an arch not at all offensive to domitable energy and perseverance which attend the eye. Upon the inner side the spiders had unour hardy New England whalemen in the pursuit disputed possession, and the rough surface of the of the monsters of the deep, through every sea, boards seemed to afford them every facility in bringing them into communication with all nations spreading out their nets in every form. There are -at one time with the Japanese, by relieving their four windows, small indeed, but well glazed, with junks when in distress, and restoring them to their one or two exceptions. Each was curtained—one country; at another, paying their respects to the a dark and gloomy hue-
-as if that were the corner Khan of Tartary and the Manchoos, and anon, from whence some joy or comfort had been removed. astonishing by their wonted freedom and independ- The next a drab—the third bordering on a pinkence the oppressed subjects of the Czar at Petro Po- or rather it once was a pink. The fourth was pure lauvski, or, in the past year, holding council with white, with a deep fringe of the same. By this their new friends, the natives of Behring's Straits window was the “high post” bedstead, and the -the last of whom, to their credit be it spoken, neatly matched quilt. Over the posts at the foot a have evinced a warm friendship toward our hardy curtain was thrown. The walls were covered with adventurers in their dominions, and cordially ren- every variety of paper-gomo wall paper-somo