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Duncan, M. P. for Dundee, and about a dozen other TESTIMONIAL TO Dr. Dick.-In addition to

official gentlemen, but no answer of any description

was ever made to it. former acknowledgments we have received from “ About two or three months ago, a respectable M. S., New York, $5; from Geo. L. Ditson, Esq., gentleman from England paid me a visit, and, in the price of a copy of “Circassia,” $1.50 ; from the course of conversation, allusions happened to be “Springfield, 13 Feb.,” $5—making $11.50— made to the memorial sent to Lord John Russell. which we have sent to Mr. Burritt. This makes He requested a copy of it, which I afterwards sent our collection $30.50, to begin with. We copy in the Atheneum, partly founded on the statements

to his address. Soon after, a paragraph appeared from the Philadelphia Ledger the following:

given in the memorial, which was soon copied into A few months ago the pecuniary embarrassments several other London journals. In this way my of Dr. Dick, the Christian philosopher, were re- circumstances were, in some measure, laid open ferred to in the Ledger, his friend, Elihu Burritt, to the public, otherwise I should scarcely have Esq., having made an appeal in his behalf for thought of expressing anything on the subject. assistance to the American public, who have been "My publications, though profitable enough to so largely the gainers by his literary labors. The the British publishers, have produced to me a comarticle which appeared in the Ledger was enclosed paratively small degree of compensation. For the to Dr. Dick by a friend in this city, Dr. J. A. El- entire copyright of The Christian Philosopher,' kinton, which elicited the following reply, con- which has passed through more than ten large edifirmatory of the original statement respecting the tions, of 1500 and 2000 copies each, I received only situation of Doctor D.'s financial affairs, and com- £120. The price, till lately, was kept up to eight municating some interesting information respecting shillings per copy; and therefore, I presume, that, the sale and compensation of his principal works. by this time, the publisher must have cleared, on The letter was not intended for publication, but, as this work alone, about £ 2000. For the copyright the circumstances of the author have already been of. The Philosophy of a Future State,' which has publicly alluded to, we see no impropriety in pre- passed through at least five large editions, I received senting to the readers of the Ledger a correct state-only £80, and a few copies, &c., &c. From ment of the facts. The letter is quite an interesting America I received two or three sums for transmitone, and we commend it to the perusal of the ting corrected sheets as they came from the press. readers of the Ledger, who all, no doubt, sympathize For the Sidereal Heavens,' I received from New strongly with the misfortunes which have fallen York, from Messrs. Harper, £80, and for the upon this eminently good and useful man :

Practical Astronomer,' £50; and from my worthy “Broughty Ferry, near Dundee, 9th Jan., 1850.

friend, Mr. Biddle, of Philadelphia, £20, for a small “ My dear Sir :- I was favored a few days ago

work entitled “The Atmosphere.' This gentlewith your very kind and friendly letter of the 12th man, likewise, a considerable time ago, sent me December, 1889, and return my grateful acknowledg- $60, when he published my Essay on Covetousments for the good opinion you express in regard to ness, although he was under no obligation to do so. my character and writings, and for the friendly and These are about all the sums I received from generous intentions with which you

are animated. America ; but

these, and the other sums to which I “The extract from • The Ledger,' which is pre-allude, have been spread over a period of about fixed to your letter, is partly true, though rather twenty-six years. strongly expressed. My income for several years letter. I return you many thanks for your kind and

“But to come to the main point alluded to in your pasi has been very limited, not much exceeding £40 per annum; and I have been subjected of late liberal intentions, and I feel no hesitation in stating years to several pecuniary burdens and bodily afflic- that a small addition to my income would be highly tions. About seven years ago, my daughter and acceptable ; it would free my mind from worldly her husband died, in the prime of life, within thir- and perplexing cares-would procure me some teen days of each other, leaving an orphan family comforts I have not hitherto enjoyed, and make the of five children, two sons and three daughters-the remainder of my pilgrimage a little more smooth and chief part of whose maintenance and education de- equable than it has hitherto been. It would enable volved on me. Two of the girls were, about three me to give my grand-children such an education as years ago, admitted into John Watson's Institution, I would wish, and to provide a little for their future Edinburgh,where they are maintained and educated; wants. It would cheer the heart of my beloved but when they attain the age of thirteen or fourteen, partner, who is of a delicate constitution, and perthey return again to me. Besides, I have an aged haps rendered more so by assiduous attentions to the infirm sister, without the means of subsistence, who young, and watching over the sick bed of the aged has been maintained by us for seven years past. and infirm, having had no servant for a considerable Last spring I was long confined to bed by a dangerous disorder, which at first seemed to baffle all the Wishing you all happiness, comfort through efforts of my medical attendants; but, through the life, hope in the prospect of death, and an abundant goodness of God, I gradually recovered during the entrance, at last, into the everlasting kingdom of summer and autumn months. Within those five or

our Lord and Saviour, I am, my dear sir, yours six weeks, however, I was subjected to a painful most sincerely.

THOMAS Dick.' surgical operation on my breast, from which a large tumor was extracted. At present, however, thanks AMUSEMENTS.- At page 332 of No. 300 is an to God, I am in a pretty moderate state of health excellent article upon what amusements are lawand mental vigor. " About three years ago, on the suggestion of Methodist brethren, the Christian Advocate. It

ful, which we copied from the great organ of our certain respectable gentlemen, I presented a memorial to Lord John Russell for a small pension was in the shape of a letter from an uneasy Chrisfrom the fund allotted to authors, &c., with recom- tian gentleman to the editors of that paper, with mendations from Lord Duncan, Lord Kennaurd, G. I the answer of the editors appended to it. In

time past.


this answer they agreed with their correspondent Smith. The paper is well in its way, but we like in some respects, and in others disagreed—and the settlement much better. If our people of held to the doctrine that circumstances ought to be African blood had a little more true self-respect taken into consideration. For instance, they only they now herd as menials, and go back into the new

they would abandon the cities and villages, where disapprove of skating when the ice is thin.

country, form settlements there by themselves, and Now our part is an exceedingly humble one. show the world their fitness for freedom by becomWe copy good advice from other papers, but rarely ing true freemen. They might club their means attempt to give any of our own. But as soon as and buy a whole county in lowa or Michigan, each No. 300 was published, a young gentleman called man owning what he paid for, but under a general to complain that we were too strict about amuse- agreement to sell only to men of their own race, and ments. As he is rather a wild young man, (that to have the county settled entirely by colored men

to those at just prices, (not land speculators,) so as is, he wears a moustache,) we suspected he was and freeholders, who must then of course fill its turning us into an amusement, and thought no honors. Such a colony would do more for the more of it. But here has been a very solid, ju- race than any amount of ill-directed philanthropy. dicious, and elderly gentleman, who comes to say — Tribune. how entirely he agrees with our opinions against

Dear Mr. Greely, would it not be better for checkers, dominos, ninepins, and others of kin.”

them to let their light shine before men, than to We assured him that did us too much credit,

go away into the wilderness? and that we would hasten to give the honor more

We especially object to the creation of an arisexplicitly to whom it was due. “ Nay, nay,'

tocracy, which is openly avowed as one of the said he, “ let it alone-you need n't be ashamed objects of such a settlement. This should be of it. I'd be willing to father it myself.”—Then resisted at once. we asked a young lady if she thought the article so printed as to look like our opinion.

Barnabas BATES, Esq.—We do not know “Why, certainly,” said she, “I so understand from which of the New York papers the following it.”_“ No,” we said, “ we took it all from the was taken, but copy it with the expression of Christian Advocate.”-_“It's of no use talking,"

our hearty assent and willingness to coöperate. she replied, “ don't tell me that you did not And we desire to express a share of the public write that against skating on thin ice. If you thanks to another zealous laborer in this good copied it from the Christian Advocate, you wrote work, Mr. Joshua Leavitt. it for that paper.”—The case seems hopeless, but indeed we did n't write it.

Among the persons removed from the New York

Custom-house, is Barnabas Bates, Esq., the AmerWilliam Penn and Punch.—There are some

ican “Rowland Hill.” Partly as a compliment to foolish verses in this number from a person in him, but more for the public advantage, it is pro

posed to give him a salary which shall enable him London, named Punch. We copied them to to devote his whole energies to the promotion of amuse some of the young people. While it is cheap postage under the direction of the Cheap true that the "Society of Friends” looks to George Postage Association. No fitter man could be Fox and Robert Barclay as exponents of its doc- selected. By his volunteer labors in time past, he trines, rather than to William Penn, yet it is im- has shown that his heart is in the work; and have portant to that society, as to all other lovers of ing had much experience in connection with the mankind, that the Founder of Pennsylvania should talents and address,) he is eminently qualified for

Post-Office establishment, (not to speak of his be vindicated from the charges made against him the undertaking. We hope the suggestion will be by Macaulay. It is said that this has been effect- carried into effect. ually done in a late pamphlet by Mr. Foster, which we have not seen.

“We did not expect so dignified a publication As for this Punch, living in the vortex of Lon- as Littell's Living Åge would take from our coldon, he has not had a good opportunity of seriously umns the biography of Fredrika Bremer, by Mary considering this subject. We should like to Howitt, and publish it without credit.”—Godey's have him alongside of us (if he could keep still Lady's Book. for an hour and a hall) in a Silent meeting, such

We never saw the article in the Lady's Book, as we used to have nearly forty years ago, when but copied it, as we found it. in some newspaper we spent a happy year at school in Haddon- where it was published without credit. And yet field, N. J.

there was something by which we knew that it THE “ Florence Telegraph” is a weekly paper

was not original in the newspaper, and supposed printed at Albany, by S. Myers, for and in behalf of it came from some English paper. We are very a band of colored people who have united to form sorry, and give the credit now. a settlement in the township of Florence, Oneida Our readers will have observed that we are very Co.- we believe on lands given them by Gerritt careful on this point.


TERMS. –The Livixo AoE is published every Satur- | Agencies.- We nie desirous of inaking arrangements

day, by E. LITTELL & Co., corner of Tremont and Brom- in all parts of North America, for increasing the circula.

field sis., Boston; Price 121 cents a number, or six dollars tion of this work- and for doing this a liberal commission

a year in advance. Remittances for any period will be will be allowed to gentlemen who will interest themselves

thinkfully received and promptly attended to. To in the basiness. And we will gladly correspond on this

hisure regularity in mailing the work, orders should be subject with any agent who will send us undoubted refer.

addressed to the office of publication, as above.

Clubs, paying a year in advance, will be supplied as


Postage.-When sent with the cover on, the Living

Four copies for

220 00. Age consists of three sheets, and is rated as a pamphlet,


840 00.

But when sent without the cover, it comes


$50 00. within the definition of a newspaper given in the law,

and cannot legally be charged with more than newspaper

Complete sets, in twenty volumes, to the end of March, postage, (1) cts.)' We add the definition alluded to :

1849, handsomely bound, and packed in neat boxes, are A newspaper is “any printed publication, issued in

for sale at forty dollars.

numbers, consisting of not more than two sheets, and

Any volume say be had separately at two dollars, published at short, stated intervals of not more than one

hound, or a dollar and a half in numbers.

month, conveying intelligence of passing events."

Any number may he had for 124 cents ; and it may

be worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete Monthly parts.-For such as prefer it in that form, the

any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly Living Age is put up in monthly parts, containing four or

enhance their value.

five weekly numbers. In this shape it shows to great

advantage in comparison with other works, containing in

Binding.–We bind the work in a uniform, strong, and each part double the matter of any of the quarterlies.

good style ; and where castomers bring their numbers in But we recommend the weekly numbers, as fresher und

good order, can generally give them bound volumes in fuller of life. Postage on the monthly parts is about 14

exchange withoui any delay. The price of the binding cents. The volumes are published quarterly, each volume

is 50 cents a volume. As they are always bound to one containing as much matter as a quarterly review gives in

pattern, there will be no difficulty in matching the future eighteen months.


WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1845.

Of all the Puslodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this

has appeared to me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the

English language, but this by its immense extent and comprehension includes a portraiture of the human mind is

the utmost expansion of the present age.


LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.—No. 304.-16 MARCH, 1850.

From the Edinburgh Review. The grand function of woman, it must always Shirley: a Tale. By Currer BELL, author of be recollected, is, and ever must be, maternity; “ Jane Eyre.” Smith, Elder and Co. 1849.

and this we regard not only as her distinctive charThe gallant suggestion of our great peasant acteristic and most endearing charm, but as a high poet, that Nature“ tried her 'prentice hand” on and holy office—the prolific source, not only of the man, before venturing on the finer task of fashion- best affections and virtues of which our nature is · ing woman, has not yet found acceptance other- capable, but also of the wisest thoughtfulness, and wise than as a sportive caprice of fancy-the sort most useful habits of observation, by which that of playful resignation of superiority which threw nature can be elevated and adorned. But with all Samson at the feet of Dalilah, and made Hercules this, we think it impossible to deny that it must put aside his strength

essentially interfere both with that steady and Spinning with Omphale-and all for love ! unbroken application, without which no proud Men in general, when serious and not gallant, eminence in science can be gained—and with the are slow to admit woman even to an equality with discharge of all official or professional functions themselves ; and the prevalent opinion certainly is that do not admit of long or frequent postponethat women are inferior in respect of intellect. ment. All women are intended by nature to be This opinion may be correct. The question is a mothers; and by far the greater number—not less, delicate one. We very much doubt, however, we presume, than nine tenths—are called upon to whether sufficient data exist for any safe or con- act in that sacred character ; and, consequently, for fident decision. For the position of women in twenty of the best years of their lives—those very society has never yet been—perhaps never can years in which men either rear the grand fabric or be—such as to give fair play to their capabilities. lay the solid foundations of their fame and fortune It is true, no doubt, that none of them have yet - women are mainly occupied by the cares, the attained to the highest eminence in the highest duties, the enjoyments, and the sufferings of madepartments of intellect. They have had no ternity. During large parts of these years, too, Shakspeare, no Bacon, no Newton, no Milton, no their bodily health is generally so broken and preRaphael, no Mozart, no Watt, no Burke. But carious as to incapacitate them for any strenuous while this is admitted, it is surely not to be for- exertion ; and, health apart, the greater portion gotten that these are the few who have carried off the of their time, thoughts, interests, and anxieties high prizes to which millions of men were equally ought to be, and generally is, centred in the qualified by their training and education to aspire, care and the training of their children. But how and for which, by their actual pursuits, they may could such occupations consort with the intense and be held to have been contending; while the num- unremitting studies which seared the eyeballs of ber of women who have had either the benefit of Milton, and for a time unsettled even the powersuch training, or the incitement of such pursuits, ful brain of Newton? High art and science has been comparatively insignificant. When the always require the whole man, and never yield bearded competitors were numbered by thousands, their great prizes but to the devotion of a life. and the smooth-chinned by scores, what was the But the life of a woman, from her cradle upwards, chance of the latter? Or with what reason could is otherwise devoted ; and those whose lot it is to their failure be ascribed to their inferiority as a expend their best energies, from the age of twenty class ?

to the age of forty, in the cares and duties of Nevertheless, with this consideration distinctly maternity, have but slender chances of carrying borne in mind, we must confess our doubts whether off these 'great prizes. It is the same with the women will ever rival men in some departments of high functions of statesmanship, legislation, genintellectual exertion ; and especially in those which eralship, judgeship, and other elevated stations and demand either a long preparation, or a protracted pursuits, to which some women, we believe, have effort of pure thought. But we do not, by this, recently asserted the equal pretensions of their prejudge the question of superiority. We assume sex. Their still higher and indispensable funcno general organic inferiority—we simply assert tions of maternity afford the answer to all such an organic difference. Women, we are entirely claims. What should we do with a leader of disposed to admit, are substantially equal in the opposition in the seventh month of her pregnancy? aggregate worth of their endowments ; but equal or a general-in-chief who, at the opening of a ity does not imply identity. They may be equal, campaign, was “ doing as well as could be exbut not exactly alike. Many of their endowments pected ?" or a chief justice with twins ?* are specifically different. Mentally, as well as

Plato, indeed, argues that a woman should be trained bodily, there seem to be organic diversities ; and to exercises of war, since the female dogs guard sheep as these must make themselves felt whenever the well as the male! But this is one of the many, "exqui

site reasons" of the divine philosopher, which look very Swo sexes come into competition.,

like puerility. Duncan's strange account of the king of 31




If it be said that these considerations only apply man's point of view, instead of from the woman's. to wives and mothers, and ought not to carry along That which irretrievably condemns the whole literwith them any disqualification of virgins or child-ature of Rome to the second rank-viz., imitation less widows, the answer is, that as Nature qual--has also kept down the literature of women. ifies and apparently designs all women to be moth- The Roman only thought of rivalling a Greekers, it is impossible to know who are to escape not of mirroring life in his own nationality; and that destiny till it is too late to begin the training so women have too often thought but of rivalling necessary for artists, scholars, or politicians. On men. It is their boast to be mistaken for men— the other hand, too much stress has, we think, instead of speaking sincerely and energetically as been laid on man's superiority in physical strength women. So true is this, that in the department -as if that, in itself, were sufficient to account where they have least followed men, and spoken *for the differences in intellectual power. It should more as women—we mean in fiction—their sucbe remembered that, in the great contentions of cess has been greatest. Not to mention other man with man, it has not been physical strength names, surely no man has surpassed Miss Austen which has generally carried the day; and it as a delineator of common life. Her range, to be should further be remembered, that it is precisely sure, is limited—but her art is perfect. She does in that art which demands least employment of not touch those profounder and more impassioned physical force, viz., music, that the apparent infe- chords which vibrate to the heart's core-never riority of women is most marked and unaccounta- ascends to its grand or heroic movements, nor ble. Indeed, music is by far the most embarrass- descends to its deeper throes and agonies ; but in ing topic to which those who maintain the mental all she attempts she is uniformly and completely equality of the sexes can address themselves. It successful. is true, that, of all kinds of genius, a genius for It is curious too, and worthy of a passing remusic is the least akin to, and the least associated mark, that women have achieved success in every with, any other. But, on the other hand, it is an department of fiction but that of humor. They art that is cultivated by all women who have the deal, no doubt, in sly, humorous touches ofter least aptitude for it; and in which, as far as mere enough ; but the broad provinces of that great taste and execution are concerned, many more domain are almost upinvaded by them ; beyond the women than men are actually found to excel. But, outskirts, and open borders, they have never venas composers, they have never attained any distinc- tured to pass. Compare Miss Austen, Miss Fertion. They have often been great, indeed, as per- riar, and Miss Edgeworth, with the lusty mirth formers—whether with the impassioned grandeur and riotous humor of Shakspeare, Rabelais, Butof a Pasta and a Viardot, or with the perfect ler, Swist, Fielding, Smollett, or Dickens and vocalization of a Lind and an Alboni—whether Thackeray. It is like comparing a quiet smile pianists, such as Camille Pleyel-violinists, such with the "inextinguishable laughter” of the as Madame Flipowicsz or the little Milanolo - Homeric gods! So also on the stage—there whether as organists, or even as trombone (!) have been comic actresses of incomparable merit, players—yet in musical composition they are abso- lively, pleasant, humorous women, gladdening the lutely without rank. We can understand their scene with their airy br ess and gladsome not creating the stormy grandeur and tumultuary presence; but they have no comic energy. There harmonies, the gloom and the enchanting loveli- has been no female Munden, Liston, Matthews, or ness of a Beethoven, since to that height women Keeley. To be sure, our drama has no female never have attained in any art ; but why no one parts, the representation of which after such a among them should yet have rivalled the moon- fashion would not have been a caricature. light tenderness and plaintive delicacy of a Bel- But we must pursue this topic no further; and lini, is a mystery to us.

fear our readers may have been wondering how It is in literature, however, that women have we have wandered away to it from the theme most distinguished themselves ; and probably which seemed to be suggested by the title of the because hundreds have cultivated literature, for work now before us. The explanation and apoloone that has cultivated science or art. Their list gy is, that we take Currer Bell to be one of the of names in this department is a list that would most remarkable of female writers; and believe it rank high even among literary males. Madame de is now scarcely a secret that Currer Bell is the Stael was certainly as powerful a writer as any pseudonyme of a woman. An eminent contempo man of her age or country; and whatever may be rary, indeed, has employed the sharp vivacity of a the errors of George Sand's opinions, she is almost female pen to prove "upon irresistible evidence" without a rival in eloquence, power, and inven- that “Jane Eyre” must be the work of a man! tion. Mrs. Hemans, Miss Edgeworth, Miss Baillie, But all that “irresistible evidence" is set aside by Miss Austen, Mrs. Norton, Miss Milford, Miss the simple fact that Currer Bell is a woman. Landon, are second only to the first-rate men of never, for our own parts, had a moment's doubt the day ; and would probably have ranked even on the subject. That Jane herself was drawn by higher, had they not been too solicitous about male a woman's delicate - hand, and that Rochester excellence—had they not often written from the equally betrayed the sex of the artist, was to OUT Amazonian corps, several thousands strong, is the only minds so obvious, as absolutely to shut our ears to real experiment of the sort we ever heard of.

all the evidence which could be adduced by sba


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