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man may, in a natural manner and without any | much discrepancy in point of age, it is impossible contact of the earthly with the spiritual, but merely that that freedom of intercourse should take place through an inward emotion which affects his mind, which tends to the mental elevation and happiness his imagination, his blood itself, believe that he of both parties, or that that pure stream of thought perceives something external to himself. That and sentiment should flow between them which it may be so, and sometimes is so, I cannot deny, peculiarly constitutes all that is blissful in the internor that with certain men in certain circumstances course betwixt the two sexes. Equality of mind it has been otherwise. You say that you have is indispensably necessary in the married state ; latterly adopted the opinion which is laid down and the man can only expect to find happiness in by Jung-Stilling in his Theory of the Doctrine of this condition when the wife, as far as the powers Spirits, (I have not read the work,) that those of her nature will permit, and yet with the full who have gone before us, being possessed of clearer independence of womanhood, yields to his opinions powers of mental vision, encompassing us with and recognizes his will as her own.—But I have love, and often wishing to protect us, seek to departed from the subject of your narrative. make themselves known to us for the purposes of It was a very peculiar, but, in the innocence of warning; and that in order to effect a deeper im- a progressing mind not yet unfolded to itself, a very pression upon us, they avail themselves of some natural and praiseworthy state of heart, which led significant and important event; whence it arises you most ardently to desire to possess a friend, to that they are able to place themselves en rapport the exclusion of every other wish. In this we with us; and this depends upon the degree in recognize clearly the difference between love and which the spiritual condition is free from the influ- friendship: both equally consist of that life of the ences of the external senses. In this free condition soul, under the influence of which two persons into which no one can bring himself at will, you meeting cach other, and appearing individually to perhaps believe yourself to have been; in that frame give up their existence the one to the other, yet of mind when, setting aside all ordinary consider- receive it back again in a brighter and purer form. ations, you wrote down the conclusions at which A man must possess some external object to which you had arrived. These remarks of yours have he can attach himself, upon which he may work been deeply thought over and felt. Undoubtedly with all the collected powers of his existence. there is a quiet, mysterious presence, not compre- But although this inclination is common to all, yet hended by earthly senses, which surrounds us it is the privilege of the sensitive and highly cultiwithout our being aware of it; and why should vated soul alone, to feel the desire, the aspiration not this veil be raised for a moment and give a after true friendship and true love. Minds less transient view of what in this life leaves no percept- delicately constituted, or blunted by the world, form ible trace? You were here in a moment warned but transitory and changing attachments; they how you should write down a thought till now never attain to the tranquillity which results from known only to yourself; to make one stroke of the a perfect exchange of sympathy. Viewed in referpen which should involve your life in many unhap-ence to each other, love and friendship, under every py embarrassments : you were warned by the voice form and circumstance, differ in this respect, that which was soon to be no more, and, as you remark the former is always colored with sensuality : but in order to lead you more certainly to reflect upon this does not militate against its excellence, for it, the precise moment was significantly marked; even a sensual inclination may comprehend within for your mother died a week afterwards at that very itself the greatest purity. Love originates in the moment. Manifestly it was not of this world. It very soul, and changes the nature of all things was one of those signs which are sometimes, subjected to its unspotted brightness. In young though seldom, made to us from a region separated girls who have never once recognized the emotion from us during this life by an impassable gulf. I of love, much less arrived at the consciousness of thank you very much that you have not omitted its existence in themselves, it is nevertheless this mention of this.
emotion which lies veiled under the guise of friend
ship; these two feelings are not yet clearly and The following contains soine deep and just definitely separated; but as womanhood approaches reflections on friendship, love, and marriage, well every emotion passes insensibly into that of love. expressed; the coloring of the style appropriate Even friendship, as it exists between two persons to the nature of the theme.
of the same sex, is at this period of life more oner
getic, more passionate, more yielding and sacrificYou must be about four years younger than ing ; and although at a more advanced age friendmyself; but I now remember that I am not accu- ship may lead us to perform the same actions, yet at rately acquainted with the year of your birth. an early stage of life it manifests itself differently; Send me this information once again. I always the tone of the emotion is more glowing, the soul is consider it a matter of importance to know accu- more thoroughly penetrated, and it shines through rately the age of those I like, especially when it with a clearer and warmer light. This was certhey are female friends. I entertain peculiar tainly your case at that time, dear Charlotte, in opinions upon this subject, and prefer women of reference to your friend. more advanced years to the more youthful ; even I desire very much that you should continue external charms, in my opinion, continue to exist your narrative. I perceive no difficulties standing much longer than is generally allowed to be the in the way of tho completion of the first part; but case ; and those mental qualities which particu- after a time, serious events, and to some extent sad larly delight us are decidedly heightened by years. and heavy trials, have to be narrated. Here, dear
I never desired at any period of my life to hold Charlotte, I leave it wholly for your own emotions a near position either to a girl or woman much to decide whether you can proceed further with the younger than myself; least of all could I have subject. It must depend completely upon yourself married under such circumstances. I am convinced whether you can bear to awaken memories which, that such marriages are not usually productive of although they belong to a time long since gone by, happiness ; they generally lead the man to treat may nevertheless still give you pain. Take care his wife as a child : and whenever there exists of yourself ; believe, indeed, that this is necessary
for my mental tranquillity. I am often much afraid Divine with mortal blending, that you exert yourself too much in your occupa- And that which is, with that which seems,tions ; I would fain have it otherwise. Now Till blazoned o'er were Jacob's dreams farewell, dear Charlotte, and believe me yours With heaven's angelic host, in streams, unchangeably and devotedly,
Descending and ascending.
Have vanished from the sunset skies? formerly that young persons are compelled to Ask of the winds, why harmonies marry those who are by no means the objects of
Now breathe not in their voices? their choice. This leads me to think that the Ask of the spring, why from the bloom world is much better, more gentle, and more just.
Of lilies comes a less perfume ? We then for the first time learn to elevate ourselves And why the linnet, 'mid the broom above external circumstances and conditions, when
Less lustily rejoices ? we come to know how to secure internal happiness ;
III. and although it sometimes happens that, to obtain this end, false and deceptive courses are pursued,
Silent are now the sylvan tents; yet on the whole much is gained by this justice and
The elves to airy elements mildness, by this recognition of the freedom of the
Resolved are gone; grim castled rents person to decide, whose future life is involved in
No more show demons gazing the decision.
With evil eyes on wandering men; Under compulsory circumstances, nothing can
And, where the dragon had his den be worse than the adoption of a resolution similar
Of fire, within the haunted glen, to that formed by your friend, namely, to enter
Now herds unharmed are grazing.* upon a new engagement without renouncing a previously formed connexion. When this is the case, No more, as horror stirs the trees, although the purest sacrifice may be made and the The path-belated peasant sees greatest morality observed, yet it is an unnatural Witches, adown the sleety breeze, state of heart; it is a union which can never
To Lapland flats careering it receive that spiritual blessing without which nothing thrives. You think that the second mar- * A clearer day has dispelled the marvels, which riage did not secure to her the expected amount of showed themselves in heaven above and in earth behappiness; and this can scarcely ever fail to be the peath, when twilight and superstition went hand in
hand. Horace's The first charm of an early love, formed in accordance with one's desires, which does not
Somnia, terrores magicos, miracula, sagas,
Nocturnos Lemures, portetanque Thessala, hastily pass away, but unites with every emotion,
as well as Milton's giving happiness to all, is blunted by deferred hope; it forms for itself a picture in the distance, which
Gorgons, Hydras, and Chimæras dire, after a time ceases to correspond with truth. Union have all been found wanting, when reduced to the with a man under circumstances wanting in all that admeasurements of science ; and the "sounds that sylbelongs to the married state necessarily implants a Jable men's names, on sands, and shores, and desert wilthorn in the heart, which continues to exist even dernesses,” are quenched in silence, or only exist in what
James Hogg most poetically terms when the grave has received him, and when he no longer has it in his power to excite disquieting
That undefined and mingled hum,
Voice of the desert, never dumb. emotions. Thus that internal tranquillity fails without which no happiness can exist.
The inductive philosophy was "the bare bodkin” which
gave many a pleasant vision its quietus.” “Homo, These extracts will sufficiently indicate the tone naturæ minister," saith Lord Bacon, “et interpres, tanand style of the work ; but they can convey no idea tum facit et intelligit, quantum de naturæ ordine se vel
mente observaverit ; nec amplius scit nec potest."of its variety of topics, which embrace whatever Nov. Organum, Aph. I. "comes uppermost," and possess considerable bio
The fabulous dragon has long acted a conspicuous part
in the poetry both of the north and south. We find him graphical interest, often mingled with sensible in the legends of Regnar Lodbrog and Kempion, and in reflections on life. Of the two publications before the episode of Brandimarte in the second book of the us, the best, of course, is Catherine Couper's, in the huge snake of the Edda ; and figures with ourselves in
Orlando Inamorato. He is also to be recognized as the two volumes published by Mr. Chapman ; as it is a the stories of the Chevalier St. George and the Dragontranslation of the whole of the letters, illustrations, of Moor of Moorhall and the Dragon of Wantley—in the and explanations, as left by the lady for publication. Heugh-in the Flying Serpent of Lockburne—the Snake The selection edited by the Reverend Dr. Steb- of Wormieston, &c. &c. Bartholinus and Saxo-Gram
maticus volunteer us some curious information regarding bing—or rather the portion, for it stops at the a species of these monsters, whose particular office was year 1825—is a much cheaper and more unpre- to keep watch over hidden treasure. The winged Grylending affair ; but it may give a sufficient idea of phon is of “old descent," and has held a place in unnat
ural history from Herodotus (Thalia, 116, and Melpothe nature of this curiosity of literature.
mene, 13, 27) to Milton (Paradise Lost, book v.)
As when a Gryphon, through the wilderness,
With winged course, o'er hill or moory dale,
Pursues the Arimaspian, &c.
witchcraft. For some reason, not sufficiently explained, Although from Adam stained with crime,
Lapland was set down as a favorite seat of the orgies of
the Midnight Hags.". When, in the ballad of The A halo girds the path of time,
Witch of File," the auld gndeman, in the exercise of his As 't were things humble with sublime, conjugal authority questions his errant spouse regarding
Their gold the fields adorning : But, when we think of where are they Whose bosoms like our own were gay, While April gladdened life's young day,
Joy takes the garb of mourning.
Warm gushing through the heart come back
All star-like reawaken;
Not those who have been taken.
The past returns in all we see,
Remind of pleasures cherished ;
Than pine amid the perished !
A balmy eve! the round white moon
What magic! when a lover,
Ah! bright dream briefly over!
See how from port the vessel glides
All loath that calms should bind him ;
The home he left behind him.
As on through storms the Sea-kings sweep,
Rising and disappearing.
No more, reclined by Cona's streams,
Futurity fore-showing ;
To vanish ere cock-crowing. *
Alas! that Fancy's fount should cease!
And labors of Alcides :-
How sweet to roam abroad and mark her nocturna) ahsences without leave, she is made ecstatically to answer,
Whan we came to the Lapland lone
Queen's Wake, Night Ist. " Like, but oh how different,” are these unearthly goings on to the details in the Walpurgis Night of Faust (Act V., Scene I.) The “phantom-hunters" of the north were not the "Wilde Jäger" of Burger, or “The Erl-king" of Goethe. It is related by Hearne, that the tribes of the Chippewas Indians suppose the northern lights to be occasioned by the frisking of herds of deer in the fields above, caused by the halloo and chase of their departed friends.
* It is very probable, that the apparitional visit of "Alonzo the Brave" to the bridal of "ihe Fair Imogene," was suggested to M. G. Lewis, by the story in the old chronicles of the skeleton masquer taking his place among the wedding revellers, at Jedburgh Castle, on the night when Alexander III., in 1286, espoused as his second queen, Joleta, daughter of the Count le Dreux. These were the palmy days of portents ; and the prophecy uttered by Thomas of Ercildoune, of the storm which was to roar
From Ross' hills to Solway sea, was supposed to have had its fulfilment in the death of the lamented monarch, which occurred, only a few months after the appearance of the skeleton masquer, by a fall from his horse, over a precipice, while hunting between Burntisland and Kinghorn, at a place still called "the King's Wood-end."
Wordsworth appears to have had the subject in his eye, in two of the stanzas of his lyric, entitled Presentiments, --the last of which runs as follows !
Ye daunt the proud array of war,
As sail hach heen unfurled,
- Poetical Works, 1845, p. 176. The same incident has been made the subject of some very spirited verses, in a little volume-Ballads and Lays
from Scottish History--published in 1844; and which, I fear, has not attracted the attention to which its intriusic merits assuredly entitle it.
To sanguine youth's enraptured eye,
Like harp some seraph sweepeth ;
Her reign when midnight keepeth.
Silence o'erhangs the Delphic cave; Where strove the bravest of the brave, Naught met the wandering Byron save,
A lone, deserted barrow; And Fancy's iris waned away, When Wordsworth ventured to survey, Beneath the light of common day,
The dowie dens of Yarrow.
Little we dream-when life is new,
As if for naught it wanted,
The heart is disenchanted.
2. The Bubble Girl: a Histo
- The Tales of Old; In t
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3, as a young acquaintance from col- spirit was believed not only to be helped on its nfortunately their wedding tour took way by angels, but watched and liable to be interin reach of that terrible scourge, the cepted by the hounds of darkness, (cwn Annwn,) and before the honey-moon was over the to whom the space between earth and heaven was d. The lady survived to marry a second allotted as a hunting-ground. Happy were the nd, having already tried a fellow, she parents whose children had died in infancy, for the the second occasion an under-graduate. angelic spirits of their lost innocents might be exdom found that the inhabitants of a pected to light them with torches on their way,
country are indifferent to religion. beset by perils, to the kingdom of Heaven.* On >If imprints in them a certain sense of the first Sunday after a funeral we find it stated e period of which we are speaking, that the whole family of the deceased used to kneel axity prevailed in the observance of down on the grave to say the Lord's prayer.† all sorts of amusement, even occa- We scarcely venture to affirm whether so late as ghting, were allowed in the after the period of which we are speaking the institule morning no mountain family ever |tion or caste of “sin-eaters" remained. If our its male representative to church. readers do not happen to be acquainted with of a householder was a signal for Brande's Popular Antiquities, they will probably r preparation to condole on some ask the meaning of the term. It may surprise
All adult members of the them to learn that in the west of England in the are also generally partakers of the sixteenth century, and in Wales probably at a
habitual tone of reverence, which later date, a class of persons existed, who, in connay seem to imply, was not un- sideration of a certain dole of food or money, agments of an older superstition, made themselves responsible for the sins of the nd or poetical influences. Many dead, and undertook to console the survivors, by nings of death ; and in the dio- guaranteeing them at least security against being in particular, a power of “ second haunted by the spirits of the departed. We cand down to a very recent period. not assent to those who find the original of so in Cornwall, gave matrimonial strange a custom in the Mosaic law, but should or husband, as either drank first rather look for a parallel amid the wilder superin Wales you might procure stitions of India ; nor, with deference to Aubrey, from the healing wave of St. who affirms the fact, do we believe the system at any ing sickness for your enemy time since the Reformation to have prevailed generfount of St. Elian. Nor was ally in Wales. The theory, which lay at the bottom ithout her consecrated wells of the practice, had doubtless vanished from men's hich were only a century too minds long before the customary dole (Diodlas) h the professors of orthodoxy. ceased to be given at funerals.
But it is not easy e collected a fresh volume of to ascribe a precise date to those changes of sen
Mary's many founts, and timent, which are not only gradual but uneven in ghted to find that the efficacy their operation. If this is anywhere true, it emnced by carefully carrying phatically holds good of a country where mountain 'es to the font of the parish and river tend to isolate particular districts. Our
would ourselves sneer at account of Wales a century ago would not bear to 's in the following version be uniformly applied in any single year.
Yet bronva Camlan) of what is each portion of the country in its turn had proba"ayer :
bly a period at which the impression we wish to me, art thou weeping ?"
convey would be true. We necessarily strike a on Mary's breast;
rough average. I am hut sleeping,
It may be said generally that among the stories thought of dark unrest."
of the fireside were unfailing legends, not turning courage failing ?"and bitter pain ;
so much as might be expected upon Arthur or the Cross of wailing,
Glendower, but oftener upon the agencies of the -> mankind's disdain.”
invisible world, and most of all, upon some in-sured, a genuine tradi- stance of Divine retribution. Vengeance, such as
Creed and Ten Com- overtook Ahab for diverting the inheritance of pasant's daily devotion. Naboth, was not only devoutly believed by the
entions the fact, seems mountain farmer, but illustrated by modern inrmularies equally mis- stances, of which his hearers never doubted the
truth. Here hereditary insanity, and here a props then no unmeaning erty swept away, attested the immediate waiting -ry piety neglected, as of judgment upon wrong. The curious book, called petition for the soul Drych y Prif Oesoedd, or “ Mirror of Old Ages,” its account. Good which mixes true histories with prodigies from ssistance ; when the Geoffrey and Giraldus, was published in 1740, ., p. 48-9.
† Ibid., p. 60.