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still lingered in the hall, and the audience, uncon- Abbott's histories for youth, and announces Hil- . scious of change, retained their positions, till the dreth's “ History of the United States," for almost vice-president, hastening to dissolve the spell, immediate publication. Besides these, Clarke's called to order! Order !-there never was a deep- "Library of Choice Reading" consists exclusively er stillness—not a movement had been made-not of printed editions of the works of Bryant, Irving, even a whisper heard. The feeling was too deep and Longfellow; and an enterprising bookseller, for articulation, by voice or hand. The only sound named Slater, vends, in shilling volumes, the pro audible was that long-drawn, deep breath by which ductions of Emerson and Longfellow alternately the overcharged heart seeks relief. All else would with those of Lamartine and Frederika Bremer. have been an outrage upon the heart.
Congregationalist. The New England men walked down Pennsylvania Avenue, after the speech that day, with a
THE AGES OF THE States.—The following are firmer step and bolder air—“ pride in their port, the dates when the respective states entered the defiance in their eye." They looked every one in American Union : the face they met, fearing no contradiction. They 1. Delaware,
7 Dec. 1787. clustered in small parties, and fought the scene 2. Pennsylvania,
12 over again, one hundred times, before night. 3. New Jersey,
18 Their elation was the greater, from their previous 4. Georgia,
2 Jan. 1788. fears. Their joy knew no limits. Not one of 5. Connecticut,
9 them but felt he had gained a personal victory.
6 Feb. Not one who was not ready to exclaim, in ful- 7. Maryland,
28 April, ness of gratitude, “Thank God, I too am a 8. South Carolina,
23 May, Yankee !"
9. New Hampshire,
21 June, That evening General Jackson held a levee at 10. Virginia,
26 the White House. It was known that Mr. Web- 11. New York,
26 July, ster would attend it. And hardly had the hospi- 12. North Carolina,
20 Nov. 1789. table doors of the house been opened, before the 13. Rhode Island,
29 May 1790. crowd that had filled the senate chamber in the 14. Vermont, .
4 March, 1791. morning rushed in and occupied the rooms. Per- | 15. Kentucky,
1 June, 1792. sons a little more tardy in arriving found it now 16. Tennessee,
1796. difficult to get in.
29 Nov, 1802. Heretofore, the general had been the observed 18. Louisiana,
8 April, 1812. of all observers. His military and personal repu- 19. Indiana,
11 Dec. 1816, tation, official position, gallant bearing, and cour- 20. Mississippi,
1817. teous manners, had secured him great and merited 21. Illinois,
1818. popularity. His receptions were always attended 22. Alabama,
1819. with interest by large numbers—to whom he him- 23. Maine,
15 March, 1820. self was the great object of attraction.
24. Missouri, .
10 Aug. 1821. But, on this occasion, the room in which he re- 25. Arkansas,
15 June, 1836. ceived his company was deserted as far as courtesy 26. Michigan,
1837. to the president permitted. Mr. Webster, it was 27. Florida,
7 March, 1844. said, was in the east room, and thither the whole 28. Texas,
29 Dec. 1845. mass hurried.
1848. He stood nearly in the centre of the room for a 30. Iowa, .
1849. long time, hemmed in by eager crowds, pressing
Presbyterian. to get nearer to him. He seemed nowise exhausted by the intellectual exertion of the day, but smiling
A Mr. R—, a wine-merchant, was very intily serene. The flush of excitement still lingered mate with Fauntleroy, and, with a few friends, was upon his countenance, gilding and beautifying it in the habit of dining with him frequently. On as the parting rays of the setting sun its accom- these occasions, when the party was not too large, panying clouds.
the host would produce some very choice old Lunelle All were eager to get a sight of him. Some wine, of which R-was exceedingly fond, but stood on tip-toe, and some even mounted the chairs Fauntleroy could never be prevailed upon to say of the room.
The dense crowd, entering and re- where he got it, or how it could be obtained. tiring, moved round him, renewing the order of When the latter was under sentence of death, his their ingression and egression continually. One old associates visited him repeatedly, and at their would ask his neighbor : “Where, which
Web- last interview, the night before his execution, ster???—" There, don't you see him—that dark, R-, after having bid him farewell with the rest, swarthy man, with the great deep eye and heavy on a sudden paused in the prison passage, returned brow. Every man felt a pride in knowing him to the cell, and said in a low voice to the criminal, by sight, while they who did not, envied. “You ’ll pardon my pressing the subject, but now,
at all events, my dear friend, you can have no ob
jection to tell me where I can get some of that American BookS IN ENGLAND.—Reprints of Lunelle.”—Life and Remains of Hooke. standard American works are issuing in great numbers from the press. Bentley advertises a new
There is a firm in Cincinnati which employs edition of Prescott's admirable histories, of Eliot's very profitably a capital of $10,000 in the rather "Liberty of Rome," and of Longfellow's “ Sea- singular business of preparing sausage skins for the side and Fireside." Murray is bringing out new European markets. Another person in the same editions of Washington Irving's books, and, as I city makes the cleansing and preparation of hogs' have already stated, promises a “ History of Span- bladders his sole and richly rewarding business. ish Literature," by George Ticknor, Esq., of Bos- The bladders are filled with lard for shipment to ton. Sampson Low has issued eight volumes of England.
DEVOTION TO DUTY.
observed) difficult to single out any for particular The following beautiful delineation of a char-remark, there is, nevertheless, one other trait that
deserves especial commemoration. I mean his acter remarkable for benevolence and devotion to humanity, his love of man as his fellow-man; duty, is from “a serímon commemorative of the which was not only singularly tender, but exquislife and character of the late James MacDonald, itely delicate and refined. Not that this quality in M.D., preached at St. George's, Flushing, on the him was obtrusive, or apparent to a mere superfi5th Sunday after Easter, 1849, by John D. OGILBY,
cial observer. On the contrary, it was remarkably D. D., Professor, &c., in the General Theological unobtrusive ; and yet its power was felt, because it Seminary.” The allusion to the sympathetic kind- cealed than light or heat. In the manner of its
was real; for real humanity can no more be conness and humanity of the medical profession, is a exercise he reconciled those seemingly contradictribute in which few of the clergy, we think, will tory precepts of our blessed Lord ; " Let not thy refuse to join. So many of them have themselves left hand know what thy right hand doeth ;" and experienced these traits in the most disinterested “Let your light so shine before men, that they may forms, and witnessed their exhibition to others, see your good works and glorify your Father which that they will be ready to adopt the language of is in heaven.” And this reconciliation was efDr. Ogilby as expressive of their feelings.- discharge of duty the almost instinctive acting out
fected by his humility, which regarded as mere Southern Churchman.
of his humanity. Without claiming for our departed friend the As his consistency of conduct procured for him gifts of genius properly so called, we must in jus- the confidence of men, so did his humanity win for tice accord to him decided intellectual ability. He him their love. It was by this magnetism of the never failed, in whatever position, to meet fully the heart that he attracted those who came within the demand made upon him in this way. But, after all, sphere of his influence. As he went about, in the it is of more account to decide whether he made a quiet discharge of duty, following at humble disright use of the talents committed to him, than to tance in His footsteps, it whose voice was not heard determine their exact measure. And here, in con- in the streets,” and who“ went about doing good ;'' nection with his consistency of conduct, it behoves like Him, ministering, as occasion served, to the us to notice his constant and untiring devotion to bodily sufferings of the poor, and of that most the duties of his station. A medical friend, who afflicted portion of our race, who were the chosen knew his constitutional delicacy of health, said the objects of his care: bestowing the same skill, and other day, in reference to his rapid sinking under exercising the same tenderness, where no earthly the violence of disease, “ He did too much." And reward awaited him, as where it did ; men felt that in one sense, perhaps, he did. But had he done he was actuated by higher motives than pecuniary otherwise, he had ceased to be, in a moral and re- gain, or even professional distinction; that he ligious point of view, the man he was. The man sought (in the spirit proper to another office) who lives not only for himself, nor even only for theirs, but them." his own, (that dearer self,) but also for the good of And here justice constrains me to say that his his fellow-men, must almost inevitably do too much, is not the only example I have known, of the illuseither for personal comfort, or bodily health, or (it tration, by members of the medical profession, of may be) for length of life. I do not advocate the this highest form of charity. Continually brought, wilful waste of life or health ; nor even the neg- in the daily exercise of duty, into contact with lect of such allowable recreation by the way as human suffering, in its most aggravated forms, the may consist with the stern demands of duty, and physician who cherishes not sympathy for it, and help to fit for its discharge. I only mean to say, strives not in some measure to relieve it, must have that he who gives himself up to duty, and who, in a heart colder than clay and harder than adamant. God's Providence, is called to a great and onerous Obliged as the practitioner is to seem calm, whatwork, may be forced, forgetful of self, to take his ever be his real emotion, the profession are apt to life in his hand, and to go forward with little regard suffer from the imputation of selfish indifference, or to comfort, health, or life.
of making merchandise merely of human sufferSuch was the devotion to duty that marked our ing. My own experience (and it has been my fordeparted friend's career, and possibly helped to tune to know several of the profession well) conbring him to what men call “ a premature death." vinces me, that although unworthy men enter this “What his hand found to do, he did it with his as other professions, not one of them (scarce exmight.” Noiselessly, and without parade, in- cepting that whose peculiar function it is to comfort deed, but not the less resolutely and energetically, and succor the afflicted, whether in mind, body, or he pressed forward, in the prosecution of well laid estate) contributes a larger quota of gratuitous plans of useful and honorable service, towards relief to human suffering, than this unjustly abused ihat success which devotion and integrity can alone and honorable calling, command. He succeeded beyond reasonable ex- Our departed brother was one who reflected pectation. And when seemingly about to enter honor on his profession, by his conscientious disinto the fruits of his labor, God called him away charge of its ordinary functions ; by his zealous. to another scene. Shall we regret that devotion efforts to improve and perfect the treatment of the to duty, which, while it brought success, was per- insane ; by his gratuitous services in ameliorating haps too much for health? Would you have had the condition of insane prisoners ; and by countless him fail in duty, that life might have been a little unostentatious or unknown acts of professional more prolonged? Nay; for ours is the example kindness, at the dictate of humanity alone, which of his devotion to duty; and his, we doubt not, are cannot be summed up till the judgment day. its rewards.
As an instance illustrative of our departed friend's. Although the just proportion that obtained be- professional fidelity, where no selfish interest was tween the powers and qualities, both of mind and to be advanced, and of his sympathizing humanity, heart, of our departed friend, makes it (as before I feel constrained, by gratitude to him, as God's
minister of good to me and mine, to obtrude my-| Flemish school, hung on the wall, and to admire self somewhat more upon your notice, than, under some stuffed birds, admirable specimens of taxyother circumstances, might be seemly: Though I dermic skill, which stood on a round table, before have known him for more than twenty years, and the servant reappeared and conducted us through a have seen enough of him, from time to time, large room, the walls of which, from ceiling to throughout that period, to be a competent witness to floor, were covered with books, plainly shelved up, his consistency of life from first to last ; it was not into the room of Humboldt himself. He met us at until some six years since that I was brought into the door and received us very cordially. I must that intimate relation to him, which made it not confess that my first impression was one of disapunfitting that I should attempt this pious duty of pointment, for his busts and pictures had given me commemorating duly his life and death. During the idea of a man nearly six feet high, rather that winter of sorrow and sadness to my household, stoutly built, and erect as an arrow. Instead of he was my family physician. From day to day, this there stood before me a man of middle height, and week to week, and month to month, (though his once robust frame and limbs meagre with age, much occupied by his preparations to commence the and his head drooping and shoulders bowed unestablishment at Murray Hill, which has since been der the weight of more that fourscore summers. removed to this place,) he was the constant attend- Behind him stood a hale, rosy-complexioned proant upon a little sufferer, whose case threatened to fessor from Bonn, some forty years of age, and at baffle the united efforts of skill and watchfulness. first my eye fell on him as the person more nearly Just when the crisis in the case seemed at hand, it approaching my ideal of Humboldt; but a single pleased God to send upon another object of love in glance convinced me that he had not yet lived his that afflicted house a more sudden and malignant half century. This ideal is the one common to all disease, which ran its rapid course with fearful vio- the world who have not seen Humboldt, for everylence. Never shall I forget the punctual return, body that has seen him seems to delight in repeatat shorter and shorter intervals, of his gentle step, ing that age has not touched his noble faculties or to that chamber of sorrow, where death was rudely abated his bodily vigor. It is very natural to us to essaying to break in. Never shall I cease to re-excuse our own want of acquirements by attributing member with grateful love, how, throughout that supernatural qualities to those who excel us so far last, long night of nature's agony, he seemed, by as to be unapproachable. But in the case of Humevery look, to say—“I feel for you ; I feel with boldt the miraculous escape from the effects of age you; but remember, your child is God's, not does not exist. He appears as old as he really is, yours.” As one among many, I feel in duty but in a fine state of preservation—the result of bound to commemorate, with gratitude to God, constant temperance and active exercise in the open from whose grace they flowed, the tender humanity air from yonth, and of carefully avoiding all unand unaffected piety of JAMES MacDONALD. necessary exposure, and all extreme emotions, but,
at the same time, cultivating his affections and the From the Commercial Advertiser.
genial part of his nature.
He commenced the conversation in English, with A VISIT TO HUMBOLDT.
an apology for his imperfect style, and spoke in
Berlin, Jan. 1, 1850. that language during the greater part of the interIt has been my good fortune to see the patriarch view. Truth requires me to say that Mr. Humof modern science, the venerable Alexander Von boldt knows, far better than his too hasty admirers, Humboldt. During the summer, and in fact up to his proficiency in that language. Contrary to the last week, he resided at Potsdam, in the royal pal- assertion generally made so loosely, I must agree ace; when the king removed to Charlottenburg with him that he does not speak it perfectly, though he returned to his own residence in Berlin. One well, and with great fluency. A foreign accent of his friends, to whom I am already indebted for made his English less intelligible than his French, many kindnesses, offered to present me to him, and which he speaks elegantly, and like a native. In wrote a note to solicit an interview. This is neces- speaking of the French savant, Nicolet, he adopted sary, as casual visitors are rarely or never admitted that language, and his wit and playful humor apThe first post of the next morning brought the peared in a very favorable light. Here for the first answer, written evidently before daybreak, and time I recognized the literary artist whose taste mailed before seven o'clock. It fixed the hour at and genius have won undying renown, and, in the one o'clock on the 29th. But on that day a second quiet satire and richness of the style, that iniminote informed us that Mr. Humboldt was unexpect- table power of word-painting and felicity of expresedly called to attend some court ceremony at the sion which make the pages of his hundred books appointed hour, and so begged us to defer our visit so fascinating. I felt now the charm of that eloantil the 30th, at the same hour. I mention this quence which has convinced so many that age has as an illustration of his attention to small things. not affected the philosopher either physically or He does not consider himself exempted from the mentally. It was indeed surprising ; there was all performance of all the minor duties of social inter- the fire and spirit of thirty on the lips of the man of course. Exactly at the appointed hour we were at fourscore. He sat generally with his head slightly his door. The house is plain and comfortable, just bowed on his breast, but when he became interlike the other three-story houses of Berlin in its ested would raise it and look on his visitors, while dull, clay-yellow color. The entrance is by a large a warm and genial smile would play across his carriage door, persons driving in and descending at features. He has the expression of a man of great the foot of the stairway.
goodness of heart, without weakness, and the polHumboldt occupies the second floor. A tall, ished and simple manner of a veteran courtier, well-fed servant in livery answered the bell, and There is nothing flabby about the face, the flesh ushered us into a small ante-room, where we laid being firm and solid. His head is not remarkable aside our cloaks and hats, and waited until our for size, but the forehead is high and smooth, withvisit should be announced. We had scarcely time out the protuberances which phrenologists usually to see that a large picture on wood, after the old I assign to the perceptive organs of such men. It
is, I should say, a head of remarkably harmonious aware that he had put his name in the last volume development, and not singular in its appearance, of the recent edition of the work, The Aspects of unless it be a singularity that it is not yet bald, but Nature. This is in connection with the account of covered with long thin white hair,
the captain's visit to Popocatapet). He then showed The conversation ran on numerous topics. He us the English translation of this work, by Mrs, had just received a copy of a pamphlet published Sabine. by one of our astronomers, Mr. G., in which Sir The name of Colonel Fremont happening to be John Herschel is attacked. This he regretted, and mentioned, Humboldt spoke in high praise of his made some remarks on the favorable opinion Her- contributions to geographical science, and thought schel had always had of America and her scientific it unfortunate he had returned as a prisoner by the
He inquired with interest after Mr. Bache very road which he had travelled as an explorer. and his progress in the survey of our coasts, and He thought the day would come when Col. Freseemed quite familiar with the state of feeling his mont's works would be much better appreciated appointment had produced among the gentlemen of than at present. He expressed the opinion that the navy. “ The navy officers,” he said, “ al- the probable produce of the California gold mines ways object to an appointment of that kind when had been over-estimated, for that up to the present not made from their own number, no matter how time the yield had been much less than that of the competent and efficient the person may be.” Speak- Russian mines, the latter having often produced ing of Professor Agassiz, he said, “ You Ameri- annually thirty millions of dollars. No such large cans have made a fine acquisition there. Agassiz pieces had been found in California. One solid would be distinguished, even in Europe, for his piece of eighty pounds had been found in Russia, attainments in various branches of natural history. and many of forty, thirty, twenty and sixteen. He Perhaps he is a little too unbending in his theory was surprised that no platina had yet been found. of the effect of glaciers on the change of the gen- These are only a few of the remarks made in a coneral climate of the world. However, he has thrown versation which he, of course, conducted almost a great deal of light on that subject, having made without remarks on our side. He seems to have personally many very excellent experiments and an inexhaustible store of facts, and to be accurately observations.” The mention of glaciers led natu- informed about everything and everybody. His rally to that of persons who had observed them, friend said, after we came away, that the way to and of exploring voyages to the north. One of hear him to the greatest advantage was to ask his us asked his opinion as to the fate of Franklin. opinion on any given point, when his wonderful He thought it quite probable that Franklin had not knowledge would be brought to bear on it in a perished, but was still shut in by the ice, and gave manner most satisfactory to any sceptic as to the several facts of voyagers whom he had seen, and extent and minuteness of his information. who had been for long seasons so detained in the left, quite charmed with the noble and genial nature northern seas. The Esquimaux of the coast, whose richness has made it the glory of the age. he said, were not at all dangerous ; Franklin was The habits of Humboldt are not remarkable, exwell supplied with provisions, and would probably cept in the limited number of hours necessary to yet return to give an account of his voyage. In- sleep, and in temperance and regularity. His time deed, the report that the Esquimaux Indians had is systematically divided. He rises at six in the said that some vessels had long been fast in the ice, winter and five in the summer, studies two hours, away off to the north, seemed to be fully confirmed. drinks a cup of coffee, returns to his study, and com
He praised the United States for its generous mences the task of answering his letters, of which initiative in matters of science, and said that the he receives yearly more that one hundred thousand. expedition to Chili, for scientific purposes, would (I have heard this number doubled, but dislike to not have been undertaken by any country in Europe. seem to exaggerate.) From twelve until two he He had on the desk near him a letter, which he receives visits, and returns to work at two. At had apparently been reading when we came in. four he dines, in summer with the king, in the His eyes falling on it, he asked, “ Do either of winter at home ; from four until eleven he passes at you know a Lord K., who is now travelling on the table, and generally in company with the king, the continent?" On the reply that we had not the but sometimes at meetings of learned societies or honor of his lordship’s acquaintance, and indeed in the company of his friends. At eleven he rehad never heard of him, he said he had just re- tires to his study and continues there until one or ceived the most extraordinary letter from him. two, answering letters, or writing his works, or pre“ He writes me from Dresden that he will shortly paring them by study. His best books have all be in Berlin, and will be most happy to make my been written at midnight. He sleeps four hours, acquaintance, and that I must certainly dine with it having always been a peculiarity in his family to him and a few friends at two o'clock on the 3d, at require little sleep. Now, if anybody thinks that the British Hotel. He expects an old man like me by sleeping only four hours, and studying at midto come in from Potsdam in the middle of winter night, he may equal Humboldt in varied attainments, to dine with a lord whom I know nothing about. let him first be sure that he possesses another of This is one of the antics of an eccentric class.” Humboldt's peculiarities, namely, genius. He then went on in some gay and delicately humor- His early inclinations led him to the pursaits in ous remarks on the eccentricity of Englishmen, which he has since so distinguished himself. At which, if I could put them on paper as he uttered twenty-three he was in such repute for his®knowlthem, would be read with great relish by the lovers edge that he was appointed first assessor of the of true wit, and by none with more than the Eng- mines of Prussia. From a very early age, then, lish themselves. They reminded me of the lively up to the present time, about two thirds of a censallies of the Parisian wit, Philarete Chasles. One tury, he has been indefatigable in the pursuit of of us told him that Captain Stone had left for knowledge. He brought to this pursuit a rare susEgypt and Jerusalem. Mr. Humboldt expressed ceptibility to the charms of nature, a heart capable the pleasure he had derived from his acquaintance, of feeling and a head of generalizing. His fortune. and wished to know whether the captain was and rank have ever given him the best advantages
of every kind. If he had not been a savant, he They filled a Clarence cab might have been an artist or a poet, for his works With valiant men in drab, show taste and imagination of the most exquisite And off to the Albany packed, packed, packed perfection. Most of his writings will compare in
The historian unscared, elegance with the purest classics of Germany. In short, he is one of the most harmoniously developed Stood there with papers bared. ana a grin, grin
Primed, loaded, and prepared, characters the world has ever seen, and posterity will reserve for him a higher niche in the temple
grin. of fame than for the bloody heroes who have daz
When, prepared his facts to floor, zled the world for a moment by their engineer
They knocked at his door, talent of maneuvring masses of troops.
And were most politely asked to walk in, in, in
Then their batteries they let ily,
But Macaulay, in reply,
At their heads he did shy such a hail, hail, hail; We presume, from the following waggery of From memory and from note, Punch, that some of the English Quakers have been Of reading and of rote, remonstrating with the historian on his portraiture There was nought he did n't quote, fresh or stale, of Penn.
Not a single " thee” or “thou”
Could they put in, I vow, You're fast, as with a hook, for volumes two, two, But he countered, where and how they scarce two,
knew, knew, knew;
Till, faint and flabbergast,
They backed-backed—and at last Like something 'twixt a donkey and a “ do,” Unquakerishly fast down stairs they flew, flew, “ do,” “ do."
And, sad as their own drab,
Mounted ruefully their cab, When for toys and trash their land red men sold, By the gift of the gab overborne, borne, borne ; sold, sold;
And, all Piccadilly through,
In their faces plain to view,
Was, “ Lo! we went for wool and came back Since with Pennsylvanian bonds was bought our
shorn, shorn, shorn."
Then, worthy Friends, take heed,
When next a truth you read,
Though unpleasant, 't is agreed, to your pride, Such as wearing garments sad, and a broad brim,
Don't suppose it can't be true,
Since it hits at one of you,
But vexation in humility pray hide, hide, hide. Though the king politely took off his to him, him, him.
"WHAT MAKES A HERO ?
BY HENRY TAYLOR, AUTHOR OF
What makes a hero?-not success, not fame,
Inebriate merchants, and the loud acclaim
Of glutted avarice-caps tossed up in air, And he carried heavy bribes and light tales, tales, Or pen of journalist, with fourish fair, tales.
Bells pealed, stars, ribands, and a titular name Thus Macaulay did arise,
These, though his rightful tribute, he can spare : Having not before his eyes
His rightful tribute, not his end or aim, The grace in brims that lies, and in drab, drab, Refresh the soul, or set
the heart at ease.
Or true reward; for never yet did these
What makes a hero?-An heroic mind,
Expressed in action, in endurance proved ;
And if there be preeminence of right, grab.
Derived through pain, well suffered, to the height
Of rank heroic, 't is to bear unnsoved,
Not toil, not risk, not rage of sea or wind,
Not the brute fury of barbarians blind,
But worse—ingratitude and poisonous darts, lace, lace,
Launched by the country he had served and loved ;
This, with a free, unclouded spirit pure,
This in the strength of silence to endure,
A dignity to noble deeds imparts, grace, grace.
Beyond the gauds and trappings of renown; So the Friends, extremely wroth
This is the hero's complement and crown ; At this stain upon the cloth
This missed, one struggle had been wanting still For Macaulay pledged his troth to the fact, fact, One glorious triumph of the heroic will, fact
One self-approval in his heart of hearts.
PHILIP VON ARTE