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one thing we can warn him—that the possession of the court. This evidence was overruled, and the such capabilities as his involves a terrible and yet case went to the Supreme Court on that point. most blessed responsibility; that the novel, how
Judge Coulter said that the plaintiff invoked an ever charlatans may degrade it, and the lazy world it was necessary to leap over an act of assembly.
interpretation of the constitution, and to reach that love to have it degraded, is in idea, next to the In England, Parliament granted divorces for aduldrarna, the highest organ of moral teaching, and in tery. But that body proceeded with the utmost practice just now a far more powerful one. Wheth- circumspection, and acted as a court, examining er he be in earnest or not in the higher tone into the proofs and allegations, and requiring the which he has taken in The Cartons, or whether it fullest testimony. In this state, the legislature acts has been assumed merely ad captandum vulgus,
as if the granting of divorces was an exercise of matters little to us; his book is just as wise and legislative power ; but such a doctrine may well be
The amended constitution expressly useful; but to him it matters much. The day prohibits the legislature from granting divorceg will come when the secrets of all hearts shall be where the courts have power. It has a limited disclosed—when the most miserable penny-a-liner jurisdiction with an express prohibition outside of shall have to give account of his “enormous the limitation. The act in this case merely digooseberries,” as well as Isaiah of his prophecies ; vorces the parties, and annuls the contract, without when every novel of his, from Pelham to The Car- assigning any reason. It does not appear from the tons, will be reviewed in fearful earnest by the act whether the cause was one within the legislaSupreme Artist, the Critic who is " no respecter behind the act to obtain the reasons why it passed,
ive power or not. The position that we cannot go of persons,” and Sir E. B. Lytton will surely be is not sound. It is the duty of the courts to guard judged before heaven and earth for every word the constitution against violation. The legislature written in the body, whether it be good or evil. has but a limited power in divorce cases, and it has We invite him to take note of that fact, before the no right to annul the constitution. It would require publication of his next “ more last words."
but a slip of the pen to leave out of the act the cause for which the act was passed, and it would
then become constitutional. The legislature never IMPORTANT DECISION OF THE SUPREME COURT summons or gives notice to the parties, and acts OF PENNSYLVANIA, RELATIVE TO DIVORCES upon ex parte testimony merely as a legislative mat
ter. In proceedings by a court of limited jurisdicBY THE LEGISLATURE.
tion, it must affirmatively appear that the court had Judge Coulter, of the Supreme Court of Penn- jurisdiction, otherwise it is coram non judice. In sylvania, yesterday delivered the opinion of that Kentucky, it has been decided that a divorce by the tribunal in the case of Jones vs. Jones. That legislature is a judicial act. The defendant had a decision in fact establishes that divorces by the legis- right to establish his case, and the evidence offered lature, for causes within the jurisdiction of the courts to show how the act of the legislature was proin divorce cases, are unconstitutional and null
. The cured ought to have been admitted. The legislaeffect of this decision will be to invalidate seven ture not having on the face of the act expressed the eighths of the divorces granted by the legislature cause upon which it was granted, the matter is since 1836. The practice has been very loose, and thrown open for judicial inquiry. The judgment divorces have been granted in cases where the rea- is reversed. sons have been frivolous, and the causes alleged Judge Burnside gave notice that he dissented such as were entirely within the jurisdiction of from the opinion of the majority of the court. It the courts, if application had been made to them. will produce incalculable injury, and he dissented The constitution of the state restricts the powers from it entirely, from beginning to end.-Ledger. of the legislature, in divorce cases, to causes not within the jurisdiction of the courts. These tribunals have authority to grant divorces a vinculo matrimoni in cases of impotency, bigamy, adultery, wilful desertion for two years, and cruel and bar- FROM A REPORT RECENTLY MADE BY MR. CORNELL barous treatment ; and, save incompatibility of temper, these are almost the only causes for which Maine.- Desertion five years ; joining Shakers; a divorce would be sought. The legislature, how- imprisonment in the state prison or penitentiary five ever, have divorced parties without regard to the years ; drunkenness three years. fact whether the courts have authority to divorce New Hampshire. -Desertion, or absence, not for the alleged causes.
heard of, three years; three years' neglect of family; In the case just decided, Mrs. Jones, the wife, extreme cruelty. applied to the Common Pleas of Bucks County, Massachusetis.-Imprisonment seven years. where she resided, for a divorce, on the ground of Rhode Island.—Desertion five years, habitual cruel treatment. The husband resisted, and upon drunkenness, neglect of family, extreme cruelty, trial the issue resulted in his favor, and the divorce" and also for any other gross misbehavior and was refused. Afterwards the wife applied to the wickedness in either of the parties, repugnant to, legislature, without the knowledge of the husband, and in violation of the marriage covenant. as he alleges, and an act divorcing the parties was Connecticut.-Desertion three years, absence, not passed.
The wife then brought an action of eject- heard from, seven years. ment against the husband, to recover possession of Vermont.-Desertion three years, cruelty, improperty which belonged to her, but in which the prisonment three years, absence seven years, neghusband claimed a life estate, by virtue of the mar- | lect. riage. The husband offered to show the court that New Jersey.-Desertion five years. the divorce was granted by the legislature for the Pennsylvania.-Desertion two years, cruelty. same cause as was previously adjudicated upon in Ohio. -Desertion three years by either party,
GROUNDS FOR DIVORCE.
TO THE NEW YORK LEGISLATURE.
extreme cruelty, gross neglect, habitual drunken-erend gentlemen who employ these parts of serness, three years' actual imprisonment.
vice to inform their people that they have sought Indiana.-Cruelty, habitual drunkenness, two repairs of strength by a recent journey ;” or that years' imprisonment, “ and any other cause where God's “servant has been called to aid a brother in the court in the exercise of a sound discretion shall affliction ;" or that he is to be assisted" by a dear deem it reasonable and proper that a divorce should brother in the latter part of the day.” be granted.”
All such abuses indicate a withdrawing of the Illinois.-Desertion two years, cruelty, drunken- mind from the true nature of prayer. There is ness, two years' imprisonment for crime.
irreverence in telling God that which you really Michigan.-Desertion two years, habitual drunk- mean to tell the audience. The affectation of parenness, imprisonment three years.
ticularity in prayer, or undue adaptation to the Virginia.-Desertion, cruelty, drunkenness. present circumstances, in minute and temporal
Delaware, Maryland and Georgia.—Divorces in things, is a gross evil. It may be doubted whether these states seem to be entirely left to the legisla- the spirituality of a worshipping assembly is in any
degree promoted by constant reference to the state Tennessee.- Desertion, two years' imprisonment. of the weather, the roads, or the number of per
Kentucky.-Desertion three years, felony, neg- sons present. Our errand to the throne of grace lect to live with wife or husband, joining any sect involves matters of transcendent and eternal worth, which disavows marriage.
and every word which is aside from these, is injuNorth Carolina.-Desertion, drunkenness, or any rious to the devotion.
RedTuRUS. other just cause in discretion of court.
Louisiana.—Desertion five years, cruelty, im- Dr. FRANKLIN ON THE ANNEXATION OF CANADA. prisonment for infamous crime.
- In the annual address delivered before the PennMississippi.- Desertion five years.
sylvania Historical Society, by William Duane, Missouri.—Desertion two years, cruelty, habit- Esq., the subject of which was “Canada and the ual drunkenness two years, vagrancy, charging Continental Congress,” an interesting reminiscence wife with infidelity.
is related, which is thus reported in the Philadelphia Arkansas.-Desertion one year, cruelty, impris- North American : onment for felony, drunkenness one year.
“ It appears that Dr. Franklin, when assisting Wisconsin.-Desertion two years, cruelty, drunk- in preparing the Treaty of Peace at Paris, was
very desirous that Canada should be given up to the Note.—The causes mentioned above are all United States. He said, “There could be no solid grounds for absolute, and not limited divorce.
and permanent peace without it ; that it would cost Adultery and impotency are, of course, grounds the British government more to keep it than it was of divorce in all the states.
worth ; it would be a source of future difficulties
with the United States ; and, some day or other, From the Presbyterian.
must belong to them; and it was the interest of
both parties that it should be ceded in the treaty of PUBLIC PRAYERS OF
peace. Yet he did not think it proper to urge such SELVES.
à cession as a necessary condition of peace; especMr. Editor :-Your columns lately contained ially since Congress had forborne to instruct the some just and seasonable remarks on the way in claim on the part of France, by the treaty of alli
commission on this subject, and since there was no which ministers pray, for one another; perhaps you will indulge me with a few on the way, in that treaty was only to insure the independence of
ance, to sustain such a demand—as the pledge in which they sometimes pray for themselves. It is not uncommon for a preacher, in his prayer before the old Thirteen colonies, and Canada was not one
of them. sermon, to load his own person with disparaging expressions, and to dwell on his insufficiency,
“Mr. Oswald, one of the British commissioners, weakness, and want of preparation. This is out Dr. Franklin, that Canada should be given up to
was of the opinion, in one of his conversations with of place. Without questioning the justice of such the United States ; and said that when he menconfession, which might be well enough in the tioned it to the ministers, though they spoke caucloset, it may be asserted, that it is not by extravagant self-depreciation, or by calling himself “ a
tiously, they did not express themselves as decidworm of the dust," an "unworthy dwelt upon in the negotiation," however."
edly opposed to the measure. worm," a
It was not much and vile worm,” that a man's humility is best exhibited. The common prayers of God's assembled TUNNEL UNDER THE PYRENEES.--A recent Paris people do not require this particular view of the paper states that the minister of public works has minister's case. Sincere modesty is better evinced employed an engineer of Upper Garonne to make by general requests for aid, and by as total a hiding examinations, the object of which is to be the creaof one's personality as is compatible with this. tion of a grand new route between Toulouse and
In analogy with what has just been said, it is Saragossa, by means of a tunnel carried under the not amiss to add, that the less the preacher says Pyrenees, between the valleys of Luchon, in France, about himself, the better. Let him be forgotten, and Venasque, in Spain. "The execution of this that the word may have free course. Few things direct road between the two cities presents no difare more disgusting than the egotism with which ficulties. Experience in tunneling in France has some pulpit orators interlard their discourses with been had in piercing the Nerthe in the construo parenthetic references to their circumstances, their tion of the railroad from Marseilles to Avignon. health, their hoarseness, or the interruption of The expense only may retard this undertaking. their studies. Deprecatory statements and apolo- In any case, the Spanish government will contribgies are no part of the message, and no means of ute its part to making a useful way of communigrace.
cation to the north of the Peninsula. -Boston Daily A prayer differs materially from an advertise- Advertiser. inent. We commend the distinction to those rev
From the New York Courier. intentions and sentiments of the somewhat motiled
party opposed to the administration of General REMINISCENCES OF CONGRESS.
Jackson. We have received a very interesting extract of the speech, after he had gone to the capitol, he
So Mr. Webster thought, and on the morning from a work, nearly ready for the press, by called Mr. Bell into the robing-room of the senate, Charles W. March, Esq., made up of reminis- and told him his difficulty. “You know, Mr. cences of Congress, which cannot fail, in onr judg- Bell,” said he, “my constitutional opinions. ment, to be well received by the public. Mr. There are, among my friends in the senate, some March is well known as one of the most cultivated who may not concur in them. What is expedient and vigorous writers in the country. He is familiar to be done?” Mr. Bell, with great emphasis of with public life and public men, and has qualifica- fully, his thoughts upon the subject. It is a
manner, advised him to speak out, boldly and tions of a very superior order for the preparation critical moment, said he," and it is high time of such a work. His purpose, we understand, is the people of this country should know what this to present, in a series of chapters, sketches of the constitution is."-" Then,” replied Mr. Webster, mnost striking debates and the most distinguished by the blessing of Heaven, they shall learn this men in Congress for the past ten or fifteen years. day, before the sun goes down, what I understand The following chapter, descriptive of the great
it to be.' discussion between Webster and Hayne—which after forever memorable in senatorial annals--the
On Tuesday, January 26th, 1830-a day hereis, thus far, the greatest forensic exhibition this senate resumed the consideration of Foote's resolucountry has ever witnessed—will indicate the rion. There never was before, in either house, an general scope and character of the work, and occasion of so much excitement. As early as nine the style in which it will be carried out. We o'clock of that morning, crowds were pouring into are confident it will attract and reward general the capitol ; by 12, M.--the hour of meeting—the attention :
senate chamber-galleries, floor, even the Jobbies
—was filled to its utmost capacity. The very stairWEBSTER'S REPLY TO HAYNE.
ways were dark with men, who hung on to one another, like bees in a swarm.
The house of representatives was deserted. An It was not alone the combined strength of the adjournment would hardly have made it emptier. administration party in the senate Mr. Webster had The speaker, it is true, retained his chair, but no to fear. He could not but be in doubt respecting business of moment was or could be attended to. his political allies. The character of the minority Members all rushed in to hear Mr. Webster, and at this time was somewhat anomalous. It was no call of the house or other parliamentary rule composed of federalists of the old school, who had could bring them back. The floor of the senate adhered to the elder and younger Adams, notwith- was so crowded, and more particularly that part standing their gross tergiversations ; of those re- of it in the rear of the vice-presidential chair, ihat publicans, who, in the preceding canvass, from persone once in could not get out or change their personal or local, rather than from political consid- position. The chair of the vice-president has erations, had preferred Mr. Adams to his com- windows of painted glass at each side of it, and a petitor'; and of " national republicans," so called hole is still visible upon one of the panes, made --a party formed indifferently of the two others. with a knife, by Dixon H. Lewis, then a member To make an argument which should satisfy all from Alabama, for the purpose of seeing the without offending either of these classes seemed a speaker. He had become wedged in the crowd on task difficult to be accomplished.
either side, directly back of the chair, and as, from Upon the interpretation of the constituțion Mr. his enormous size, he could not displace a sufficient Webster feared the greatest diversity of opinion. portion of the crowd to gain a position elsewhere Up to the time of this debate, no construction, com- that commanded the presence of the orator, he remanding universal or general assent, had prevailed. sorted to this expedient. There were many so Opinions were as various as persons. Mr. Web- placed as not to see the speaker at all. ster doubted therefore for some time whether to The courtesy of senators accorded to the fairer give public expression to his own constitutional sex room on the floor--nay, in many instances, views.
their own seats. Their bright eyes and gay
dresses Fortunately for the country and his own reputa- threw a picturesque beauty over the scene, softention his doubts were removed. His warmest ing and embellishing it. friends urged with great eagerness ypon him an Seldom, if ever, had speaker in this or any other unequivocal, unreserved declaration of his views. country more powerful incentives to exertion ; a None were more trusted or esteemed by him than subject, the determination of which involved the Samuel Bell, then a Senator from New Hamp- most important interests, and even duration, of the shire. Originally a federalist, he had gone over republic; competitors, unequalled in reputation, to the republican party, early on the accession of ability, or position; and an audience, comprising Jefferson, and had supported his administration not only persons of this country most eminent in with warmth and efficiency. He had advocated intellectual greatness, but representatives of other and defended the war with Great Britain, and all nations, where the art of eloquence had flourished other measures of the party up to the presidential for ages. All that the soldier hopes from opportucanvass of 1824. On that occasion, as well as fournity was here. years later, without any violence to his political Mr. Webster perceived and felt equal to the desprinciples or antecedents, he had favored the pre- tiny of the moment. The greatness of the hazard tensions of Mç Adams. From his history, char-exhilarated him. A confidence in his own resources, acter, and general knowledge of persons and meas that sprung from no vain estimate of his power, ures, he was perhaps the best exponent of the ! but was the legitimate offspring of previous severo
study, buoyed him up. He knew the capacity of of expression, full of prophetic revelation, upon the his opponents, of his subject, and himself. vice-president, reminding him that those who had
He was too, at this period, in the very prime of foully removed Banquo had placed manhood. He had reached middle age-an era in A barren sceptre in their gripe, the life of man, when the faculties, physical or in- Thence to be wrenched by an unlineal hand, tellectual, may be supposed to attain their fullest No son of theirs succeeding, organization, and most perfect development. What- not an eye of the whole audience but followed the ever there was in him of intellectual energy and direction of his own—not an eye but witnessed the vitality, the occasion, his full life and high ambition, changing countenance and visible agitation of Mr. might well bring forth.
Calhoun. He never rose on an ordinary occasion to address Surely, no prophecy ever met a more rapid or an ordinary audience more self-possessed. There fuller confirmation. Within a few brief months was no tremulousness in his voice or manner; the political fortunes of the vice-president, at this nothing hurried, nothing simulated. The calm- moment seemingly on the very point of culminaness of superior strength was visible everywhere ; tion, had sunk so low there were none so poor to in countenance, voice, and bearing; a deep-seated do him reverence. conviction of the extraordinary character of the Whether it was that a presentiment of the apemergency, and of his ability to control it, seemed proaching crisis in his fate at this moment cast a to possess him wholly. If an observer, more than shadow over his mind or not, his countenance eviordinarily keen-sighted, detected an occasional dently darkened—nor, for some time, did he seem glance of exultation in his eye, he might well be- to recover his self-possession. lieve it sprang from the certaminis gaudia, the stern The allusion nettled him—the more, as he saw joy of the warrior, anticipating victory.
the effect it produced upon others; and, later in the The anxiety to hear the reply was so great and speech, as Mr. Webster was exposing the gross universal, that no sooner had the vice-president and ludicrous inconsistencies of South Carolina assumed his chair, than a motion was made and politicians, upon the subject of internal improveunanimously carried, to postpone the ordinary ments, he interrupted him somewhat acrimoniousbusiness of the first hour, and to take up imme- ly: “ Does the chair understand the gentleman diately the consideration of the resolution. from Massachusetts to say that the person now oc
Mr. Webster rose and addressed the senate. His cupying the chair of the senate has changed his exordium is known by heart, everywhere : " Mr. opinions on this subject?” To this Mr. Webster President, when the mariner has been tossed, for replied immediately, and good-naturedly, in the many days, in thick weather, and on an unknown negative. sea, he naturally avails himself of the first pause Those who had doubted Mr. Webster's ability in the storm, the earliest glance of the sun, to take to cope with and overcome his opponents, were fully his latitude, and ascertain how far the elements satisfied of their error by the time he had proceeded have driven him from his true course. Let us imi- thus far in his speech. Their fears then took tate this prudence; and before we float further, on another direction. When they heard his sentences the waves of this debate, refer to the point from of powerful thought, towering, in accumulative which we departed, that we may, at least, be able grandeur, one above the other, as if the orator tn form some conjecture where we now are. I ask strove, Titan-like, to reach the heavens themselves, for the reading of the resolution."
they were giddy with the apprehension that he 'There wanted no more to enchain the attention. would break down in his flight. They dared not There was a spontaneous, though silent, expression believe that genius, learning, any intellectual enof eager approbation as the orator concluded his dowment, however uncommon, that was simply opening remarks. Every head was inclined nearer mortal, could sustain itself long in a career seemtowards him, every ear turned in the direction of ingly so perilous. They feared an Icarian fall. his voice—and that deep, sudden, mysterious silence Ah! who can ever forget, that was present to prevailed, which always accompanies fulness of hear, the awful burst of eloquence with which the emotion. From the sea of upturned faces before orator spoke of the Old Bay State? What New him, the orator beheld his thoughts reflected as England heart was there but throbbed with vehefrom a mirror. The varying countenance, the suf- ment, tumultuous, irrepressible emotion, as he filsed eye, the ready smile, and ever-attentive look, dwelt upon New England sufferings, New England assured him of his audience's entire sympathy. If struggles, and New England triumphs, during the among his opponents there were at first those who war of the revolution? There was scarcely a dry affected an indifference to his glowing thoughts eye in the senate ; all hearts were overcome; grave and earnest periods, the difficult mask was soon laid judges and men grown old in dignified life turned aside, and profound, undisguised, devoted attention aside their heads to conceal their emotions. followed. In the earlier part of his speech, one of In one corner of the gallery there was a group his principal opponents seemed disposed to occupy of Massachusetts men. They had hung from the his time with the careful perusal of a newspaper first moment upon the words of the speaker, with he held in his hand; but this, on nearer approach, feelings variously but always warmly agitated, proved to be upside down. In truth, all, sooner or deepening in intensity as he proceeded. But now later, voluntarily, or in spite of themselves, were they were strained to their furthest tension, and wholly carried away by the eloquence of the orator. when the orator, concluding his glowing encomium
When, as he was carrying out the moral of upon the land of their birth, turned, intentionally Macbeth, which Hayne's allusion to the ghost of or otherwise, his burning eye fell upon them—they the murdered Banquo made pertinent to the imme- shed tears like girls! diate topic of his speech, and proving, by the ex
No one who was not present can understand the ample of that ardent, deep-thinking, but insanely excitement of the scene. No one who was can ambitious character, how little of substantial good give an adequate description of it. No word-paintor permanent power was to be secured by devious ing can convey the intense, deep enthusiasm--the and unblessed policy, he turned with a significance reverential attention of that vast assembly--nor limner transfer to canvass their earnest, eager, There was no chord of the heart that the orator did awe-struck countenances. Though language were not strike with a master-hand. The whole speech as subtle and flexible as thought, still it would be was a complete drama, varied with comic and paimpossible to represent the full idea of the scene. thetic scenes ; laughter and tears gaining alternate There is something intangible in an emotion, or victory. sentiment, which cannot be transferred. The nicer A great portion of the speech is strictly argu shades of feeling elude pursuit. Every description, mentative ; an exposition of constitutional law therefore, of the occasion, seems to the relater him- But grave as it necessarily is, severely logical, self, tame, spiritless, unjust.
abounding in no fancy or episode, it engrossed Much of the instantaneous effect of the speech throughout the undivided ear of every intelligent arose, of course, from the orator's delivery--the hearer. Abstractions under the glowing genius tones of his voice, his looks, and manner. These of the orator acquired a beauty, a power, a vitality die mostly with the occasion that call them forth; to thrill the blood and kindle the affections, awakenor lose vastly in the transmission from one mind ing into earnest life many a dormant faculty. His to another. They can only be described in general ponderous syllables had an energy, a vehemence of terms. “Of the effectiveness of Mr. Webster's meaning in them that fascinated, while they startled. manner, in many parts,” says Mr. Everett, “it It was a sense of power-of power withheld and would be in vain to attempt to give any one not suggestive of greater power-that controlled as by present the faintest idea. It has been my fortune a mysterious spell the hearts of all. For power, to hear some of the ablest speeches of the greatest intellectual or physical, produces in its developliving orators on both sides of the water, but I must ment a feeling nearly allied to awe. It was never confess I never heard anything which so completely more felt than on this occasion in its intellectual realized my conception of what Demosthenes was character. It had entire mastery. The sex which when he delivered the Oration for the Crown.” is said to love it best and abuse it most, seemed as
Certainly, Kean nor Kemble, nor any other much or more carried away than the sterner one. masterly delineator of human passions, ever pro- Many who had entered the hall with light, gay duced a more powerful effect upon an audience-thoughts, anticipating at best a pleasurable excitenever controlled, more resistlessly, their minds and ment, soon became deeply interested in the speaker hearts.
and his subject-lent him to the last their entire No man ever looked the orator more than he did heart and mind-and, when the speech was over. -"os humerosque Deo similis." His countenance left the house with sadder, perhaps, but more spake no less than his words. His manner added ennobling feelings. even new force to his strength. As he stood, The exulting rush of feeling with which he went swaying his right arm, like a huge tilt-hammer, through the peroration threw a glow over his up and down, his swarthy countenance lighted up countenance like one inspired. Eye, brow, each with excitement, he appeared amid the smoke, the feature, overy line of the face, seemed touched with fire, the thunder of his eloquence, like Vulcan in celestial fire. All held their eyes upon him, as by his armory forging thoughts for the gods ! a species of fascination. So Moses appeared to the
The human face never wore an expression of awe-struck Israelites, as he emerged from the dark more withering, relentless scorn than when the clouds and thick smoke of Sinai, his face all raorator replied to Hayne's allusion to the mur- diant with the breath of divinity. dered coalition." "It is," said Mr. W., "the The swell and roll of his voice struck upon the very cast-off slough of a pol.uted and shameless ears of the spell-bound audience, in deep and mepress. Incapable of further mischief, it lies in the lodious cadence, as waves upon the shore of the sewer, lifeless and despised. It is not now, sir, in " far resounding” sea. The Miltonic grandeur the power of the honorable member to give it dig: of his words was the fit expression of his thought, nity or decency, by attempting to elevate it, and and raised his hearers up to his theme. His voice. introduce it into the senate. He cannot change it exerted to its utmost power, penetrated every from what it is—an object of general disgust and recess or corner of the senate-penetrated even the scorn. On the contrary, the contact, if he choose ante-rooms and stairways as he pronounced in to touch it, is more likely to drag him down, down deepest tones of pathos these words of solemn to the place where it lies itself." He looked, as grandeur: “When my eyes shall be turned to he spake these words, as if the thing he alluded to behold, for the last time, the sun in heaven, may was too mean for scorn—and the sharp, stinging I not see him shining on the broken and dishonored enunciation added to the severity of the words. fragments of a once glorious Union ; on states disThe audience seemed relieved—so crushing was severed, discordant, belligerent! on a land rent the expression of his face--when he turned to other with civil feuds, or drenched, it may be, in fratersubjects.
nal blood! Let their last feeble and lingering T'he good-natured yet provoking irony with glance rather behold the gorgeous ensign of the which he described the imaginary though life-like republic, now known and honored throughout the scene of direct collision between the marshalled earth, still full high advanced, its arms and trophies array of South Carolina under General Hayne on streaming in their
original lustre, not a stripe erased the one side, and the officers of the United States nor polluted, not a single star obscured, bearing for on the other, nettled his opponent even more than its motto no such miserable interrogatory as, What his severer satire; it seemed so ridiculously true. is all this worth? Nor those other words of deluMr. Hayne inquired, with some degree of emotion, sion and folly, Liberty first and Union afterwards ; if the gentleman from Massachusetts intended any but everywhere, spread all over in characters of personal imputation by such remarks? To which living light, blazing on all its ample folds, as they Mr. Webster replied, with perfect good-humor: float over the sea and over the land, and in every " Assuredly not-just the reverse."
wind under the whole heavens, that other sentiThe variety of incident during the speech, and ment, dear to every American heart—Liberty and the rapid fluctuation of passions, kept the audience Union, now and forever, one and inseparable?" in continual expectation and ceaseless attention. The speech was over, but the tones of the orator