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near him, and lonely when he is out hunting, and which her father had been deputed to carry to the cannot see her, that is all."
Adirondacks. “Red Arrow, do you hate that sly fox of a The rest of the story is soon told. Red Arrow, Yendot, who came to Tuyagon, and wanted to coax at his return, denounced the Leaping Carcajou his daughter from him, with a present of wampum before the assembled tribe, displaying the recovered and beaver skins ; tell me that?"
belt in corroboration of the statement he made of “Do I hate him!” exclaimed the Indian with his duplicity towards Ertel, together with his an angry scowl, clenching his knise fiercely as he suspicious knowledge of the transaction at the spoke, "yea, Red Arrow could have killed the de- portage. And the accusation received additional Geitful dog, guest as he was, by the very hearth- credence from the fact, that the individual in stone where he sat—the Yendots are dogs !" question had departed, secretly, the day after Ertel,
“ Then listen,” and Ertel informed her lover in consequence, it was supposed, of a sudden of what had taken place between her and the dis- rumor that bands of Yendors were beginning to guised chief, whose voice had at once betrayed show themselves on the outskirts of the cantons, him, expressing at the same time her belief that armed and equipped as for war; while the Medihe alone was the origin of her father's misfor- cine Man had been discovered bound in his retreat, tune, and avowing her determination to seek for and half-dead from confinement, vexation, and want the lost wampum, in the place assigned, ere she of food. ventured to accuse him openly, before the head In fine, the Yendots soon after threw off the men of the tribe.
garb of friendship, and appeared in their true “ And so the Little Rose came to Red Arrow, character of enemies ; and, in the course of the that he might give her help, and protect her from hostilities that ensued, the Leaping Carcajou was the Leaping Carcajou," observed the hunter, softly, taken prisoner and condemned to the stake. regarding his companion with a look which she While undergoing torture, he boastingly concould best understand.
fessed the part he had played in preventing the “ It is good," he added, as she cast down her alliance with the Adirondacks; telling how he had eyes in sudden confusion ; “let us depart at once, slain the sentinel with his war-club, purloined the 80 that if this Yendot pursues he may have a long council-belt from the bosom of the sleeping envoy, trail to run down. Make your heart strong.” and flung it into the lake.
In less than an hour, the twain were embarked, The memory of Tuyagon was thus freed from and paddling briskly by moonlight up the Ottawa. the stigma attached to it, and a trophy was erected A few days after they arrived at their destination, over his grave. His countrymen well knew that the scene of the night surprise at the portage of human vigilance, thongh it might suffice for an Les Chats.
enemy, was but a feeble defence against the assault The words of the Yendot chief alone told them of a perfidious friend. where to direct their search, and they were suffi- “ And what became of Ertel and her cousin, ciently vague.
Red Arrow?" I inquired, as my informant, the Poor Ertel looked sharply into the lake, by the Iroquois, moved away towards the fire, at the conlanding place and by the waterfall, striving to clusion of the legend. penetrate its depths, but to no purpose ; and, with “ I can't tell, brother,” he replied ; " my father a sigh, she abandoned the attempt—thinking that, told me the story, you see, because it was about after all, they might not succeed in unmasking the the old times and the wars. May be they got perfidy of the Leaping Carcajou.
married and lived happy : who knows? There Stop !" cried Red Arrow, laying down his was plenty game then, and the old people were not paddle; " I see something shining on the bottom. left to starve in their wigwams. All is gone Hold steady the canoe.” And in an instant he now.” plunged into the lake. But it was only a stone ; and he dived and dived
From the Spectator, 24th Nor. until he was out of breath, without obtaining a
FAREWELL TO THE COLONIES. glimpse of the missing article. For three days What is it that her majesty's ministers mean they groped about in the vicinity, and Red Arrow to do with her majesty's colonial possessions ? A explored the bed of the stream even to the verge paper in the Times, this week, is calculated to of the fall, cheered by the presence of his associate, raise that question in the most serious form. For and recompensed by her smiles. At length he some time past, the Leading Journal-distingave a shout and sank beneath the foam.
guished, among many things, for the eagerness Ertel turned pale and ceased to breathe, for, with which official parties court its alliance-has after the usual lapse, her lover did not reäppear. continued to publish a series of papers tending to She was about to throw herself into the abyss, prepare the public mind to bear some colonial when Red Arrow arose, dripping from the surge, disaster without too indignant a surprise ; but of and holding up in triumph—the lost helt ! the whole series the most explicit is the one pube
It was an ancient memorial, made of cylindrical lished on Thursday last. Its subject is the news wampum, cut by native art from the mussel-shell, from the Cape of Good Hope ; and its apparent white, interwoven with fine purple bars; and the purpose is, on the one hand, to make light of the daughter of Tuyagon recognized it at once as that course of events in that colony, as likely to have do further result, and on the other hand, in case to the Cape were not tainted with crimes for the worst result should ensue—the actual rebellion which ordinary convicts were made to undergo and loss of the colony—to reconcile the public to the penalty of transportation," but that the such an event by keeping it in view as a possible plan" or system" contemplated by government, and not altogether undesirable contingency. These merely comprised “ ticket-of-leave" men, who repeated suggestions indicate some fixed idea in had “undergone a part of their punishment." high quarters, and the public ought to know what Sir George Grey said this on the 28th of March ; is really meant.
the letter of his colleague, Mr. Herman Merivale, The Times represents, that the thing which is written on the 28th of March! If it be angave offence to the Cape arose in the most harmless swered, that Sir George Grey, with his cousin and manner ; but the recital is a curious and instruc- colleagues of the Colonial Office, thought the tive sample of official encroachment. It amounts transportation of military criminals tno slight a to this.
In September, 1847, a despatch was matter to take into account, then such a notion sent to the Cape, stating that military convicts only betrays their ignorance of the fact, so forciwould be transported thither from Mauritius—an bly represented by Governor Sir Henry Smith, African island ; and no remonstrance of any that the Cape colony is peculiarly unfilled to rekind was received in reply.” Surprising fact ! ceive military convicts. And what is more, it “Silenti non fit injuria” is the official version of does not appear that this military convictism has the maxim-you may go on till the people cry been abandoned yet! Sir George and his colout. A twelvemonth later, it was announced that leagues treat it as a distinct affair; and the only military convicts would also be sent from Hong- disclaimer yet published has related 10 further kong; and in March last, that they were to be transportation of "ordinary” convicts. Will the sent also from India and Ceylon: all of which Cape colonists then have to make a separate was completed [in London] “ before any angry " émeute,” as the Times calls it, to resist the infeeling arose.” Then came the affair of the Ber- vasion of military convicts ? muda convicts : “the sentiments of the colony on The journalist has a threat ; if the colonies are the subject were known in this country, and Sir not to be regarded as “ integral portions of the George Grey promised that no more [convicts] empire, sha in its weal and woe"-[its cash should be sent in future.” That, says the Times, and convicts)—if they will not take off our hands is all—the dispute has never gone beyond that first some of those numerous criminal classes that emstage : the immensely protracted voyage of the barrass us so much—if “it is to be all 'give' Neptune—which left Bermuda on the 22d of and no 'take' as far as we are concerned,”—"it April and reached the Cape on the 19th of Sep- is as well that it should be known and remembered, tember-has prolonged the suspense of the colo- especially when the Estimates come under review.” nists ; but all that has really happened, argues The Cape is to be fined for the fastidiousness of the Times, is, that “the home government has its “ prudes." presumed rather too much on the acquiescence of But the Times looks beyond ; and here lies the the colony in a measure of doubtful tendency- darksome hint to which we have already alluded : the colony, taken by surprise, has protested somewhat too fiercely."
Such incidents as the unsuccessful émeute at the Simultaneously with this apologetic and soothing Cape, against an imperial order, cannot fail to in
crease the now popular misgivings as to the value of composition appeared a paper in the Morning our colonies, and the wisdom of maintaining them Chronicle, which threw a curious light on one at so enormous an expense. point—the destination of military convicts. It shows a remarkable suppression of docuinents. A Yes, this is the proposition-if the colonies return was made to the House of Commons, which are costly and not accommodating, opinion will professed to include "copies or extraots of any grow in favor of giving them up; and this is the correspondence on the subject of transportation to opinion which the successive papers in the Times, the Cape of Good Hope, of later date than the whatever their motive may be, have a manifest address of the House for such correspondence on tendency to foster ; this is the opinion which is the 19th of March, 1849:" but the Chronicle thrown out to fortify the apology for the official now publishes a letter by Mr. Herman Merivale, conduct, which is recorded in anticipation of fuunder-secretary for the colonies, asking the India ture apologies for the further results. Board“ to move the Commissioners for the Affairs curante representations of the Times would be of India to direct that all soldiers of her majes- useful under two kinds of contingency : first, in ty's atmy sentenced in manner above mentioned case the government were defeated by a contu[to transportation] by courts-martial in the East macious colony--which stage is already accomIndies, shall be sent to the Cape of Good Hope plished : secondly, in case the course of adminisby the first convenient opportunity, until further tration were to result in the separation of the orders." This is followed by the reply of the colonies--and already the Times is beating up reBecretary to the India Board in assent, and the cruits for that anticipative apology, not without an corresponding despatch from the Court of Directors. eye to the Manchester gentlemen who are so hostile None of the documents appeared in the return. On to colonies. It seems therefore, that, in official the 28th of March, Sir George Grey assured the circles, separation is not an impossible contingency, House of Commons, that the convicts to be sent scarcely a distant one. Now is that so? Are
we mistaken, or is such really the intent of her shop of the world." At very cheap rates, too, majesty's ministers ?
must the workshop stand open. But the workshop It is very necessary that this point should be does not need for its head an imperial sovereign; thoroughly understood ; because if the colony is nor would the shrunken state need those vast offto be given up, it would be by much the best cial establishments which now provide so comfortcourse to spare all further expense of blood and ably for certain families. The course of colotreasure, and jump at once to the final arrangement. nial separation may be justified by sufficient reasons, If it is the deliberate intention of her majesty's but these are incidents that will have to be conministers to give up the African colony, let us sidered. understand the truth, because then the public can help to bring about the separation in the best pos
THE TALES OF OLD ! sible manner.
It is the more important to have a thorough un The tales of old, that nerved the bold derstanding, since the same arguments which apply
To deeds of love and duty ; to the Cape, mutatis mutandis, apply also to Aus
That woke the sigh, or dimmed the eye,
Of innocence and beauty ! tralia, whose unsettled spirit is now notorious. If
Who heed them now? The chilling brow our African and Australian colonies cast off their
And colder heart reprove them ; moorings, Canada would scarcely hesitate to fulfil
Forgot the lays of ancient days, her project of annexation, with the concurrence As those who once could love them! of her majesty's ministers; for the main argu
Around the hearth, with honest mirth, ments apply also to Canada. And then, how long Our fathers gathered daily, the West Indies would cling to a capricious parent 'T was good to see how merrily state, we cannot guess.
The moments passed, and gayly! Our colonies relinquished, à fortiori we should The jester there, inspired by cheer, be bound to give up those false colonies our mili
Would tell his quaintest story ;
While minstrels came, and sung the fame tary stations in the Mediterranean, the protected
Of those enshrined in glory.
Those tales of old were often told apply to India, its constantly increasing expendi
By pilgrim, monk or friar,
Who sung of war, in regions far, ture, and its constantly increasing deficit. True,
Where valor might aspire ! ostensibly the Indian government pays for its sol
Of gallant deed, where, once achieved, diers ; but it does not relieve us of all the conse A host could not repel them ; quent cost—the permanent liabilities for so many For themes like these our sires would please, more additional regiments to be kept in readiness, And they alone could tell them! the promotions, the honorary pensions, &c. Of
Bentley's Miscellany. course, persons high in office would desire to retain India, because it is so great a preserve of
IN THE HOUR OF DEATH. patronage : but the colonies free, how could independence be refused to India, supported as that Death in that face! What thrilling dream, would be by the economical section of the liberals
Froin restless sleep my soul awaking,
Tells me that o'er that brow the beam at home? India and the colonies gone, what of Ireland ? Bend thee thy still warm cheek to mine, ere yet it be
Of immortality is breaking? Especially if she wholly ceased to pay, as she has Cold as the marble stone that soon must pillow thee. in part, that large tribute of rent to residents in England which engages so many persons of high Death in those eyes! those eyes that oft, connection to maintain the Union.
Their shading lashes gently raising, Carry out the process hinted by the Times, and
With looks so earnest, yet so soft, you reduce her majesty's dominions to the bare Look once upon me with those eyes, ere yet the gem
Responded to my anxious gazing. Island of Great Britain. Something might be of heaven's light is set eternally on them. said for that sweeping deprivation, no doubt; a little island may be a great state; only the British Death in that voice! The wind sighs past, state would unquestionably be a very different one Hark! on the silence round the last,
And time upon its wings seems flying ; from what it is at present. Instead of including
Last accents of that voice are dying: wide lands of varied clime to receive its outpouring Oh, that its echoes on the air would ever stay! emigrants, it must let them go to be aliens. In- They cease, and music from the earth has passed stead of being so wide that the sun
away. upon it, the sun would set upon it every day-at Go dearest, from this world ! for now this season within eight or nine hours after rising.
The shades of death are round thee creeping; It would no longer be an empire,” but only a There is a seal upon thy brow, kingdom, and not of the largest. Not at all self Which shows thou art not dead, but sleeping; supporting in point of food, it must be absolutely And I with nothing on this lonely earth to love, thrown upon the alternative of thinning its num- Cling closer to the anchor of my soul above. bers by starvation, or becoming really the “work
From the Spectator. from yourself, that I made a deeper impression on WILLIAM HUMBOLDT'S LETTERS TO A FEMALE you at that time than I had imagined. Those lines FRIEND. *
of my own, (written in the lady's album, and en
closed in the letter sent to him, which I see again It is possible that a book like this might have after such a lapse of time, are like a voice from been written in England, but unlikely that it another world. *** You are very wrong when you should have been published. There are, no say that certain impressions are deeper and more lastdoubt, English men and women who might have ing in the mind of woman. I could prove the confelt and expressed the sentiment of a respectable to allow, for it can be no reproach, (twenty years
trary to you from your own letter. Are you willing “ Werter, but the Charlotte would hardly have have passed since the period of our acquaintance printed the correspondence. The story of it is as and we shall probably never see each other again,) follows.
that I nearly disappeared from your memory when When William Humboldt was in his twenty- I left you? At least you did not remind me of my first year, (1788,) and a student at the celebrated promise to visit you again; the neglect of which University of Göttingen, he indulged in a brief has often greatly mortified me I could still indeed holyday at the baths of Pyrmont.
point out the seat in the alley where it was made :
There he met but a feeling of youthful pedantry, which made a clergyman and his daughter : the daughter, it me think it impossible I could delay for a week appears, was then betrothed; but that did not longer my return to Göttingen, prevented me. prevent a sentimental flirtation. They walked This is to me a certain proof that it was not together, they talked together, they sat next each intended we should meet again ; and what grieves other at the table d'hote, and made a reciprocal me most is, that I was not destined to impart any impression. The Reverend Dr. Stebbing, in his lasting joy to your life. Sad or painful feelings introduction to the selection he edits, says—“It with any intercourse held with me. I am open to
(of this be convinced) could have no connexion was not passion, it was not what is commonly no reproach of the kind. To what extent your fate called love, which had been awakened in their has interested me, after such a disclosure, you may hearts. If such a thing be possible between two easily suppose. I have thought over it to-day in such people, it was friendship of the highest and many ways : and I entreat of you to resign most intellectual character, just modified by in- yourself for a time into my hands—to follow cipient affection.” We should incline to ascribe
blindly my counsel. it to that kindly, impressionable, but rather lax At the time Wilhelm von Humboldt was writnature, which in England we curtly call German ing thus, he was a married man with a number sentimentalism. Unless the baron indulged in a of children ; it is said, devotedly attached to his little gallantry, when, on the shady side of forty, wife, who lived some fifteen years after this he wrote in answer to Charlotte's first address to effusion, and whose death, it is also said, hasthim, some quarter of a century after their meeting, ened his own. His fancy as to the lady's it would seem that Charlotte's betrothed and “ children," was inaccurate, but she had been future husband had a narrow escape from being married in the year following the eventful meeting jilted.
at Pyrmont, and in five years afterwards was left a Vienna, November 3, 1814.
widow, with a sufficient fortune. This fortune, I this morning received your letter of 18th October, and cannot express to you how much
however, was lost by a nolens-volens loyal loan to
your remembrance has touched and gladdened me. I the Duke of Brunswick, during the disastrous have always regarded our meeting at Pyrmont as a days that followed the battle of Jena and the wonderful ordination of Fate, and you are much French domination in Germany. Without inmistaken if you think you passed over me like a come, in the middle age, and with broken health, mere fugitive youthful apparition. I thought of the lady bethought her of her youthful companion you very often, and enquired after you frequently,
at the baths of Pyrmont. He had now become but always fruitlessly. I believed you were married, and fancied you surrounded by children, famous, and more so in politics than in literature. and moving in a circle where you had long since He had risen to diplomatic eminence ; he had forgotten me, and that I alone had preserved the even signed the capitulation of Paris, as one of recollection of these youthful days. I now the representatives of Prussia ; and he was present learn that life has been to you a very chequered at Vienna in the same capacity. Charlotte there
Had you written to me at the time your fore wrote to him, in a style in which sentiment sufferings were at the height, perhaps my answers and business were happily blended; the sentiment might have been of service to you. Believe me, dear Charlotte—(do not be offended at this familiar being skilfully addressed to a man who had epithet, since these letters will be read by none but reached the turning of forty-five. Humboldt could ourselves)-human beings cannot confide too much do nothing as regarded the money, but he answered in each other. I learn now for the first time, and in the gallant manner we have seen, and what
was more to the purpose, in a friendly spirit : he * Letters of William Von Humboldt to a Female Friend. A complete edition. Translated from the insisted on furnishing the lady with a year's inSecond German Edition, by Catherine M. A. Couper, come till she could rally; and the correspondence Crown," &c. With a Biographical Notice of the Writer. he began in 1814 continued till William HumJn two volumes. Published by John Chapman. boldt's death, in 1835; two interviews only, and
Letters to a Lady. By the Baron 'Wilhelm Von those casual, having taken place between the parties. Humboldt. From the German. With an Introduction These letters were cherished by her to whom they by Dr. Stebbing. Published by Hall and Virtue,
were addressed, as the charm of her existence ; and fate which is to prepare him for his higher destishe determined that after her death they should not nation, upon which it properly speaking depends. 1 be lost to the public—at least about half of them; am quite of your opinion, that it is not to be the others were withheld,
as touching on matters supposed that Providence should vouchsafe to care of too confidential a nature to admit of their being ing as this may appcar at first sight, it is at the
for what we call happiness and misery. Depressgiven to the world without a species of desecra- same time elevating to think that we are esteemed tion.” None of the lady's part in the corre-worthy of a higher improvement. There is an exspondence appears, or her autobiography, (of which traordinary chain of events in such destinies as yours a large portion of the writing on her part seems began so early to be. Even when we are not urged to have consisted,) except when occasionally on by others, and cannot clearly say what impulse necessary as illustrations of Humboldt's text. urges us on, we may yet approach an object, or draw
a destiny upon ourselves, whilst we have almost a The letters are not always very solid or feeling that it would have been better to have remarkable in their matter, speaking absolutely. repelled to it. It really appears that you have done The interest lies in the circumstances under which less to involve yourself in the faie which was they were written, and the character of their prepared for you, than that you have borne it for sentiments and style. Here is a gentleman deep- the love of your friend, and have not struggled ly engaged in literature and philosophy, with a against it. The case is very common in which, wife and family to claim his leisure, beginning a
without any inclination, or even in opposition to
inclination, from a variety of reasons, such concorrespondence with his “ dearest Charlotte,
nexions are entered into with feelings which in calling for her autobiography, and infusing into themselves are certainly not blameworthy, but every topic--whether descriptive, núl ative, prac- which should not be the leading ones in such a tical, literary, scriptural or miscellanec us—a sen- step. This is hardly conceivable to me. Accordtiment, tender, romantic, and philoso phical. It ing to my mode of thinking, it would be quite is a singular example, not of the power of impossible to entertain an idea of such a connexion,
unless I had the assured conviction that the one to memory, hope, and imagination : something like whom I was to be united was the only one with Humboldt's feelings may exist in many minds whom I could enter into such an engagement. The from the remembrance of times
thought of marriage contracted in a very good and when we
amiable manner, with mutual regard and friendship, Are young, and fix our eyes on every face :
but without that deep feeling pervading the whole And oh! the loveliness at times we see
being which is generally called love, was always In momentary gliding, the soft grace,
objectionable to me, and it would be in opposition to The youth, the bloom, the beauty which agree
my whole nature to act in such a manner. It is In many a nameless being we retrace ; Whose course and home we know not, nor shall know, certainly true, that only in marriages entered into Like the lost Pleiad, seen no more below.
in the way I describe, do the feelings remain the The wonder is, the firmness of Humboldt's which are necessarily induced by age and circum
same till death, with those modifications only impression when the reality had superseded ro- stances : at the same time it is as well that this mance, and the fertility and industry which enabled view of things is not common, as then there him to find topics and times for correspondence would be few marriages. So many marriages whose origin could only have had a sentimental also are prosp rous which in the beginning do not basis, and its continuance no object beyond the promise well, that much cannot be said against
them. In your case, it was evidently consideration gratification of a sentiment.
Perhaps it was for your friend that guided you; and this was no distance lent enchantment to the view;" had doubt a noble feeling arising from the best and he constantly met Charlotte, his feeling might purest emotions of the human heart. But it frehave cooled or changed.
quently happens that the best, the noblest, and Besides the curious attraction we have spoken of, most self-sacrificing feelings, are those which lead there is an autobiographical interest in the letters, to unfortunate destinies. not as regards the lady but William Humboldt.
Something supernatural would seem to have In writing to her he seems to have thought on attended Charlotte's marriage, which we must paper, and to have made any topic that came conclude was not of the happiest. The passage before him a subject for the expression of his own is singular as giving Humboldt's idea of the inward feelings on it, and sometimes facts con- spiritual world. nected with his own life. The delicate subject of Charlotte's marriage is a text on which he talks
The history of the ghost-like warning is very thus at fifty-soven :
wonderful : it would be so to you at the moment
when you first signified your consent to a union You had told me before that when I became ac- which involved you in infinite suffering ; still more quainted with you at Pyrmont you were engaged wonderful too was it as an announcement of the to be mari ied, but that the engagement was not death of your mother. publicly declared. I was much surprised at this ; It cannot be denied that you did really hear I had not the slightest idea of it when we met. yourself called. It is equally certain that no morThe mar ner in which this connexion was formed tal man called you, in the entirely secluded solitude has cert:inly something very peculiar and remark- in which you heard the warning voice. In yourself able. But whatever may be said and thought on you heard the voice which appeared to you to such occasions, it certainly appears, as you very strike your external ear, and in you the voice rejustly remark, that an eternal destiny governs the sounded. There are no doubt many who would connexion of events, so that no one can avoid the explain this as self-delusion; who think that a