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contest, to create ultra-cheap occupations, of which a failure, as the women were abandoned to the the remuneration borders on starvation; and the worst of lives in the colony. Against that we special demands of the London market for females, might set successes within our own knowledge which concentrate upon the capital the over-abun- attending female emigration to New South Wales. dant supplies of the country. A statistical writer But, in fact, all these earlier cases of female emiin the Examiner ably illustrates this position, and gration were ill conducted ; and the conduct of shows that to such attractions for females in want emigration has much improved under the superof employment will be added the very great one vision of a responsible board. of a free passage to the colonies; and, ever on the In its indirect and secondary consequences the watch to block out dangerous rivalries, the faithful measure may not work so perfectly. The trangministerialist of the evening press seizes upon the lation of these wretched women to a happier clime illustration to prognosticate that Mr. Sidney Her- will be in itself an absolute good; but the emigrabert's plan must end in “ failure.”

tion may be exceeded by the female immigration into That would be true if Mr. Herbert's scheme London. Secondary consequences, however, genpretended to regenerate the women of England, to erally point to broader causes and suggest larger reconstitute the elements of society in the empire remedies than the topical palliatives of proximate city, or to fulfil any other enterprise as vast and causes. So it is here; and, in truth, if the working “revolutionary”—according to the cant phrase, of Mr. Herbert's plan exposes the evil anticipated, which characterizes any social measure that is it will have done a greater service than its author thoroughly effective by that epithet. But his plan contemplated. We do not wonder that the official has no aim so wide. To counteract the broad mind is dismayed at the anticipation. What the causes of the evil, it would be necessary to improve objection really means is, that the emigration mathe state of the industrious classes ; to revise the chinery of the country is so weak that it will not morals of commercialism, and some other morals ; | bear the strain put upon it if an impulse be given or to relieve the pressure of supply upon the de- to emigration in any particular quarter. We quite mand for women, by a general and constant draft believe that: we believe that the desire to emigrate upon the people, especially in the agricultural dis- so pervades the country, and is capable of such contricts, such as would result from systematic colo- stant and ready extension, that a facility offered in nization on a national scale. Mr. Sidney Herbert any quarter will draw to it immense numbers seekis not in office, and he is not called upon to super- ing the help; and we further believe, that, for sede the functions of government in that regard. this reason, the working of Mr. Sidney Herbert's Meanwhile, the victims pressed forward by the plan will render it imperatively necessary to prosystem suffer ; and it is not in human nature-vide for that additional strain by strengthening the though it may be in official or highly cultivated general emigration machinery of the country. Inpolitico-economical nature—to abstain from help-deed, the fact must be self-evident to all who have ing the afflicted. Mr. Herbert steps forward to access to information on the subject. We said that help the sufferers of the sex which is dear to all the project threatened the most distasteful of all men of manly heart, just as an individual British things to the official mind-trouble, and the imposofficer might have rushed forward to rescue a Hin- sibility of evading duty. It does so; and under doo woman thrown under the car of Juggernaut, any other circumstances, enormous pains would be although he might not have power to abolish taken to set influences to work in dissuading Mr. the Juggernaut system. What if a second victim Herbert from his plan. He has gone too far, and be found? Perhaps she might have been slain too openly, for that; but the patrons of official intoo, in any case: at all events the one is saved ; terest cannot refrain from trying a little of such more than that, humanity is vindicated and hope is dissuasion as consists in disparagements and hints restored to helplessness. For, be it always before of inconvenience. The ex-minister is scarcely the us, that privation and pain are not the worst evils man to be deterred by those motives ; he may not that we can suffer : the worst of all is the despair of have anticipated all that he was undertaking when helplessness abandoned by sympathy. We can all he volunteered to rescue the London needlewomen , of us endure suffering ; none of us abandonment. but we fully expect that he will go through with To the abandoned, Mr. Sidney Herbert has ap- it, even if it oblige him to see that the national peared as the impersonation of human aid and sym- emigration machinery be rendered effective. The pathy—to woman in her lowest abjection the broth- Globe hints a hope that Mr. Sidney Herbert, imerly help of man. Apart from the mere material pressed with the mischief that may flow from his consequences, either way, that assertion of a high benevolent intentions, may give up the scheme of and immortal sentiment is worth any sacrifice. his own accord-of course return to Queen Vic

In its primary and direct consequences, the toria and the other subscribers their money, apoltransfer of women from over-womaned London to ogize to the needlewomen for his rash promises, the under-womaned colonies can do nothing but and take a tour to hide his blushes in the ruins good. We assume, indeed, that it will be properly of Petra, or disperse them on the unblushing conducted, and therefore do not think it worth prairies of the West. But the Globe dares not while to pause upon the objection of another critic, say that it hopes Mr. Herbert will be so obliging ; not unbiassed by party rivalry, that the female it only tries to work upon his fears. No; he is emigration of 1831 to Van Diemen's Land proved I too well backed : the thing is done.

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1. Goldsmith and his Biographers,

Sharpe's Magazine,

337 2. Two Empresses and the Artist,

Chumbers' Journal,

347 3. Out of Work — By a Working Man,


349 4. Great Bridge over Menai Straits,

Quarterly Review,

353 5. Abolition of the Slave Trade of Gallinas, Maryland Coloniz. Journ.,

374 6. 1819 and 1850 -- The New Year Colonial Re

form - Common Sense of Funerals — Carousing
by Wholesale — Needle-women's liescue, Spectator,

. 376 to 383 POETRY. – Death of Francia, 316; My Youngest ; Perseverance, 352. Short ARTICLES. Negro-English Bible, 346; Southey's Visit to America; Jewish Script

ure MSS., 352 ; Curiosities of Science, 373.

PROSPECTUS.- This work is coaauciec in the spirit of now becomes every intelligent American to be informed Littell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which was favor of the condition and changes of foreign countries. And ably received by the public for twenty years,) but as it is this not only because of their nearer connection with our twice as large, and appears so often, we not only give selves, but because the nations seem to be hastening, spirit and freshness to it by many things which were through a rapid process of change, to some new state nt excluded by a month's delay, but while thus extending our things which the merely political prophet cannot compute scope and gathering a greater and more attractive variety; or foresee. are able so to increase the solid and substantial part of Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, our literary, historical, and political harvest, as fully to (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages satisfy the wants of the American reader.

and Travels, will be favorite matter for our selections ; The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, and, in general, we shall systematically and very fully Quarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackrood's noble acquaint our readers with the great depariment of Foreigó criticisms on Poetry, his keen political Commentaries, affairs, without entirely neglecting our own. highly wrought Tales, and vivid descriptions of rural and While we aspire to make the Living Age desirable to mountain Scenery; and the contributions to Literature, all who wish to keep themselves informed of the rapid History, and Common Life, by the sagacious Spectator, progress of the movement--to Statesmen, Divines, Law. the sparkling E.raminer, the judicious Athenæum, the yers, and Physicians—to men of business and men oi busy and industrious Literary Gazette, the sensible and leisure-it is still a stronger object to make it attracting comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable Chris- and useful to their wives and Children. We believe tha! tian Observer; these are intermixed with the Military we can thus do some good in our day and generatiou ; and and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with hope to make the work indispensable in every well-inthe best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, formed family. We say indispensable, because in this Fraser's, Tait'8, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Mag- day of cheap literature it is not possible to guard against azines, and of Chambers' admirable Journal. We do not the influx of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, consider it beneath our dignity to borrow wit and wisdom in any other way than by furnishing a sufficient supply from Punch; and, when we ihink it good enough, make of a healthy character. The mental and moral appetite use of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our must be gratified. variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and We hope that, by "winnoying the chcal from the from the new growth of the British colonies.

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From the Spectator. dels in Prussia and Spain, rescues Rebecca at tho TITMARSH'S REBECCA AND ROWENA.*

siege of Valencia, and the scene drops upon their The plan of this jeu d'esprit is the most appro- marriage; a few sentences indicating their future priate to the season of any of the various books career. For “ Nemesis is always on the watch ;' that have been devised since Dickens first set the and Mr. Titmarsh falls into the same custom, as fashion of Christmas stories ; for it is based upon regards Ivanhoe's second marriage, which he has the comic extravaganza which introduced the written his book to ridicule. pantomime proper of the olden time, when panto

There is no lack of variety and .grotesque mime aimed at a continuous action. In Rebecca interest in what may be called the incidents of the and Rovena there is the same jovial defiance of piece; but the real interest arises from the mantimes and manners as in the extravaganza, where ner in which the age of Richard the First is the old “Lord of Misrule” might seem to have modernized, and the broad and general truths run riot; but there is in the book-what the thea- which lurk under much of the seemingly special tre only attempted in a superficial way, if at all- satire. In this account of the Lion-hearted danca sensible if not a profound view of life and its ing and singing in the camp before Chalus, the affairs; good-natured hits at the predominance of jokes are of wider application than to kings and sentiment and the presence of silliness in modern princes. novels and theatrical pieces ; with satire upon the It pained him (Ivanhoe) to see a man of the conventionally perverted views of history, which king's age and size dancing about with the young only falls below the lofty style of the greater folks. They laughed at his majesty whilst they satirists by reason of the author's quiet and flattered him; the pages and maids of honor mimeffortless jocularity.

icked the royal mountebank almost to his face; and, The story of Rebecca and Rowena is a facetious would one night, when the king, in light blue

if Ivanhoe ever could have laughed, he certainly continuation of Ivanhoe. The professed purpose satin inexpressibles, with his hair in powder, is to correct an alleged error of novelists in chose to dance the Minuet de la Cour with the treating only of the youth of their heroes and little Queen Berengaria. heroines, and closing their story with marriage, Then, after dancing, his majesty must needs to the omission of so many years and such im- order a guitar, and begin to sing. He was said to portant periods of life. Perhaps the real purpose those who have read Lord Campobello's Lives of

compose his own songs, words, and music; but of so shrewd a critic as Mr. Titmarsh is to throw the Lord Chancellors are aware that there was a a little ridicule over Scott's failure in his heroines person by the name of Blondel who in fact did all and heroes, as well as in his rose-colored exhibi- the musical part of the king's performances; andi tion of the age of chivalry. Rowena is painted as for the words, when a king writes verses we as a pattern lady who neglects her duties, both as a may be sure there will be plenty of people to. wife and mistress, to discuss theology, dispense ballad, of which he had stolen every idea, to an air

admire his poetry. His majesty would sing you a charity, and observe the holydays of the church. which was ringing on all the barrel-organs of ChrisShe henpecks Ivanhoe, keeps him at a distance on tendom ; and, turning round to his courtiers, would account of her royal birth, and loses no opportu- say, “How do you like that? I dashed it off this nity of twitting him with his love for Rebecca. morning.” Or, “ Blondel, what do you think of this Wamba the Jester is silenced ; the castle is so movement in B flat?" or what not; and the courtintolerably dull that everybody avoids it; Ivanhoe iers and Blondel, you may be sure, would applaud lakes to sporting and drinking, and finally resolves with all their might, like hypocrites as they were. to join Richard the Lion-hearted in France. He March, 1199, his majesty, who was in the musical

One evening, it was the evening of the 27th is in close attendance upon the king at his siege mood, treated the court with a quantity of his 80of the castle of Chalus, and is left for dead in the called compositions, until the people were fairly breach when Richard is mortally wounded. The tired of clapping with their hands and laughing in news of his death having been carried to England, their sleeves. First he sang an original air and Rowena marries Athelstane ; and when Ivanhoe poem, beginning, returns some years afterwards, it is to come upon Cherries nice, cherries nice, nice, come choose, an illustration of one of the most unsentimental Fresh and fair ones, who 'll refuse ? &c. passages in Don Juan. Smothering his vexa- The which he was ready to take his affidavit he tion, Ivanhoe disguises himself, settles in York, had composed the day before yesterday. Then he and leads a moderately comfortable life till the sang an equally original heroic melody, of which death of Athelstane and Rowena ; then he starts

the chorus was, as a knight-errant; and, after slaughtering Infi- Rule Britannia, Britannia rules the sea,

For Britons, never, never, never slaves shall be, &c. Rebecca and Rowena: Romance upon Romance. By Mr. Michael Angelo Titmarsh. Illustrated by Richard The courtiers applauded this song as they did Doyle. Published by Chapman and Hall.

the other, all except Ivanhoe, who sat withouu 25





changing a muscle of his features, until the king Thrice his grace had yawned at table, when hje questioned him; when the knight, with a bow, favorite gleeman sung; said, "he thought he had heard something very Once the queen would have consoled him, but he like the air and the words elsewhere.' His bade her hold her tongue. majesty scowled at him a savage glance from

Something ails my gracious master,” cried the under his red bushy eyebrows; but Ivanhoe had

keeper of the seal; saved the royal life that day, and the king, there- “Sure, my lord, it is the lampreys, served at dinfore, with difficulty controlled his indignation. "'Well,” said he, " by St. Richard and St. " Psha!" 'exclaimed the angry monarch ; “ Keep

ner, or the veal!" George, but ye never heard this song, for I com

er, 't is not that I feel. posed it this very afternoon as I took my bath after the mêlée. Did I not, Blondel ?”

66'T is the heart and not the dinner, fool, that dott Blondel, of course, was ready to take an affi- my rest impair; davit that his majesty had done as he said ; and the Can a king be great as I am, prithee, and yet

know no care? king, thrumming on his guitar with his great red fingers and thumbs, began to sing out of tune, and O, I'm sick, and tired, and weary.” Some one as follows

cried, “ The king's arm-chair!” Then towards the lackeys turning, quick my lord

the keeper nodded ; The Pope he is a happy man,

Straight the king's great chair was brought him, His palace is the Vatican :

by two footmen able-bodied, And there he sits and drains his can,

Languidly he sank into it; it was comfortably

The Pope he is a happy man.
I often say when I'm at home,

“ Leading on my fierce companions,” cried he, I'd like to be the Pope of Rome.

“ over storm and brine,

I have fought and I have conquered! Where was And then there's Sultan Saladin,

glory like to mine?" That Turkish Soldan full of sin;

Loudly all the courtiers echoed—“Where is glory
He has a hundred wives at least,

like to thine?"
By which his pleasure is increased :
I've often wished, I hope no sin,

"What avail me all my kingdoms? Weary am I That I were Sultan Saladin.

now, and old;

Those fair sons I have begotten long to see me But no—the Pope no wife may choose,

dead and cold; And so I would not wear his shoes ; Would I were, and quiet buried underneath the No wine may drink the proud Paynim,

silent mould ! And so I'd rather not be him;

“O, remorse, the writhing serpent, at my bosom My wife, my wine, I love I hope,

tears and bites ; And would be neither Turk nor Pope. Horrid, horrid things I look on, though I put out The ballad of King Canute, illustrating a Ghosts of ghastly recollections troop about my bed

all the lights ; well-known story, is an example of deeper thought of nights. and satire : at the same time, there is a boundary, not always easily to be defined, beyond which it

“Cities burning, convents blazing, red with sacribecomes questionable whether ridicule should be Mothers weeping, virgins screaming, vainly for

legious fires; pushed. Conventional hypocrisies, sentiments, and

their slaughtered sires.”— heroics, are bad, but avowed conventional sordid- "Such a tender conscience," cries the bishop, ness is worse : men find no difficulty in acting

every one admires. down to low theories.

“But for such unpleasant bygones, cease, my King Canute was very weary-hearted; he had

gracious lord, to search : reigned for years a score ;

They ’re forgotten and forgiven by our holy mother Battling, struggling, pushing, fighting, killing Never, never does she leave her benefactors in the

Church; much and robbing more,

lurch. And he thought upon his actions, walking by the wild sea-shore.

“ Look! the land is crowned with minsters, which 'Twixt the chancellor and bishop walked the king Abbeys filled with holy men, where you and

your grace's bounty raised; with steps sedate, Chamberlains and grooms came after, silver sticks You, my lord, to think of dying! on my conscience,

Heaven are daily praised : and gold sticks great,

I'm amazed!Chaplains, aides-de-camp, and pages-all the officers of state.

“Nay, I feel," replied King Canute, “that my

end is drawing near. Sliding after like his shadow, pausing when he “Don't say so," exclaimed the courtiers, (striving chose to pause ;

each to squeeze a tear;) If a frown his face contracted, straight the court- “Sure your grace is strong and lusty, and may iers dropped their jaws;

live this fifty year." If to laugh the king was minded, out they burst in loud hee-haws.

“Live these fifty years !" the bishop roared, with

actions made to suit ; But that day a something vexed him, that was “ Are you mad, my good lord keeper, thus to speak clear to old and young :

of King Canute ?

Men have lived a thousand years, and sure his suited to his station, and based on the best dictates majesty will do 't.

of common sense, which through life the sculptor Adam, Enoch, Lamech, Canaan, Mahaleel, Me- developed in a most exemplary manner, for whatthusela,

ever may be the opinion of the world as to his Lived nine hundred years apiece, and may n't the merits as an artist, or his accomplishments as a king as well as they ?"

man, all agree in acknowledging his remarkable “Fervently,” exclaimed the keeper, “ fervently, I and undeviating sagacity. trust he may.

In other words, the old gentleman wished to do “ He to die ?” resumed the bishop.

“ He a mortal something which he did not do, but which his son like to us?

nevertheless developed, for everybody acknowl Death was not for him intended, though communis edges it. It is very well that everybody does omnibus ;

because we are thus saved the trouble of explainKeeper, you are irreligious, for to talk and cavil ing it. thus.'

At page 5 a well-known anecdote, of not a liule

interest in Chantrey's life, is thus darkly hinted at A severe illness, which interrupted the pleasing by Mr. Jones : Jabors of Mr. Thackeray, has prevented him from During the time that Chantrey was a carver in illustrating his own text as usual. His place is wood, he saw Mr. Rogers, and received employably supplied by Mr. Richard Doyle, who has ment from him. At an after period, when the artist caught the true comic extravaganza style in his had risen to eminence, the poet was reminded by designs: they are grotesque, not theatrical, and the sculptor of their previous interview; and the have nature and character in the heads.

frank, courteous, and friendly recognition of each other cannot be described adequately by any one

after having been heard by many in the admirably From the Examiner. descriptive language of the author of the “ Pleasures

of Memory.' Sir Francis Chantrey, R. A. Recollections of his

Life, Practice, and Opinions. By George JONES, That is, a thing which has been heard by many in R. A. Edward Moxon.

admirably descriptive language cannot be described

adequately by any one. Profound, but inconvenNo one, after reading this volume, will presume to question the variety or profundity of its author's ient. We would rather have had it told by any classical erudition. That very rare work, the two, or half-a-dozen, than missed it altogether. Ars Poetica of Horace, is at his fingers’-ends. The

The supposed resemblance of his hero to two Epistolæ of the same ingenious writer have not

very remarkable faces is fondly dwelt upon by Mr.

Jones. The first is to Shakspeare : escaped his research. Quintilian and Cicero are friends at his elbow. Ομηρου Ιλιάς is a familiar Soon after this time Chantrey went to Ireland, book to him. He has scanned the marvels of the where he suffered so severely from a fever, that his Historia Naturalis with the elder Pliny. Ælian disease he lost his hair, and was bald at his restora

recovery was doubtful; and in the progress of the has made him free of the gossip of the Varia His- tion to health, and so he remained during the rest toria. He has sauntered with Pausanias among of his life, which, however, rather improved than the buildings, temples, statues of the 'Elhudos injured the character of his head; and to those who lleginymous. Is it surprising that he should have never saw the sculptor, a portrait of Shakspeare forgotten his English, if he had ever happened to may supply a resemblance, as the pictures and acquire it?

prints of the immortal poet have often recalled his Nevertheless, when one would write an English open countenance to the memory of his friends. book, there are prejudices that would seem to Whether it was the rest of his life, or his restoraexact some small preliminary knowledge of the tion to health, or the loss of his hair, which imlanguage. Cicero has even gone so far as to re- proved the character of his head, and what his mark (we need not quote the Dc Oratore lo so baldness had to do with the openness of his counprofound a classic as Mr. Jones) that it is a dis-tenance—we leave the reader to find out. The grace not to be properly acquainted with our second resemblance is to Socrates, and here Mr. mother tongue—but we shall be content to observe, Jones, in the confidence of his classics, carries for our own parts, that to be reasonably acquainted the likeness into mental qualities : with our mother tongue is no impertinent preface Amongst these busts there is a head of Socrates, to the attempt to write in it. Mr. Jones has to which Chantrey bore considerable resemblance, alhardly been so sensible of this as it was desirable though the marble has a beard which conceals the he should have been.

mouth, and that feature of the English sculptor The volume opens thus (the reader will hardly

was the best in his face, and before he sunk into ill need to be told that the words occasionally marked health it was of the most perfect form and beautiful by Italics in our extracts have been so distin- tude, so had the mind of the philosopher and the

expression. If the countenance had some similiguished by us, and not by the author):

sculptor, for they were guided alike by strong reaSir Francis Chantrey was born at Norton, in son and rigid investigation ; both were slow io de Derbyshire, not far from Sheffield, in 1782. His termine, and required the most accurate evidence for

decision. father cultivated a small property of his own. To his son Francis he wished to give an education. The vivid Socratic peculiarities, reminding the

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