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a declaration of war on a future contingency. I late wealth and bully the world; which is an exShe is positively adverse to Prussia, but nega- pensive policy. Yet, had they higher aspirations, tively amicable; only the negative transcends the what examples might a true model republic set positive just now in Germany. The Prussian to Europe just now! what lessons teach ! border is neighbored by a great Russian army; the disputed dutchies of Schleswig-Holstein are

FOREIGN MISCELLANY. filled with troops, and the Prussian commander manifests no eagerness to conciliate the Danish 10 December, an action was tried on behalf of

In the court of Queen's Bench, Westminster, on party. War is threatened all round, and Prussia Emma Quelch, a girl about eleven years of age, herself seems prepared to brave it. The obstruc- brought in formâ pauperis, in the name of her father, tion to it consists in the fact that no party is para- against Thomas Henry Wakley, one of the consultmount. The sequel, therefore, is to be determined ing surgeons of the Royal Free Hospital in Gray's less by what is possible than by the combination Inn Lane, to recover damages for alleged negliof impossibilities. But as those elude observation gence in the treatment of a fracture of the thigh

bone, for which the plaintiff had been a patient in and calculation, the sequel is not only more diffi- the hospital. The most remarkable feature of the cult to foresee, but also more difficult to prepare : case was the endeavor made by Mr. Wakley, and it must happen, as it were, peradventure, accord- also by his father, the coroner, to prevent the public ing to the balance of these complicated impossi- trial. It appeared from the evidence, that the plainbilities ; and although watched by all, will proba- tiff had taken the scarlet fever from a fever patient bly take all by surprise. Hence the great armies who was admitted into the same ward ; and this which all parties keep up, although they do not ease was communicated to her by impure bandages,

had seriously retarded her recovery. Another disassert any positively hostile policy. They wait The jury returned a verdict for the defendant ; to see which way Germany shall fall; and are several medical witnesses attesting that he had done making themselves strong, governments as well as for the particular illness of the girl all that was mobs, for the scramble among her ruins.-Specta- possible under the circumstances. (Mr. Wakley tor.

had been elected a Fellow in the College of Sur

geons a few days before the trial.] TURKEY AND Russia.—The most recent advices from Constantinople represent the position of Tur- of ill-health, and the fact has at last come before

The Earl of Albemarle has long been in a state key and Russia as being anything but settled. the public in the shape of a commission de lunatico As to the extradition question, the reports fluc- inquirendo ; which was held on 12 December, at tuate so that it is impossible to come to any cer- Farrance's Hotel. From the evidence it appeared tain conclusion upon its actual state : suffice it that that Lord Albemarle had been in the Asylum of the question is still kept open ; a fact in itself of Dr. Sutherland. Several medical witnesses were no small significance. Meanwhile, Turkey ex

examined, with others, who described the delusions tends a marked hospitality to the refugees ; and he could make watches of dirt; that he had lived

under which the patient labored. He thought that the ambassadors of Austria and Russia are so in the time of the Apostles, and had died three impolitic as to testify displeasure. In short, the times and risen again ; that he had been to heaven

feeling between Turkey and Russia is evidently to baptize fifty thousand persons, one of them a one of hostility. A writer in Constantinople ex- speckled child ; that he had fought at Bunker's patiates on the favorable condition of Turkey for Hill with Captain Brown, who had cut off his entering upon war-her increased army, her aug

head, but who afterwards put it on again, as firm menting resources, her immunity from debt, her shaky ; 'that he had been called the Fire King, and

as ever, with the exception of its being a little known sympathy with Hungary. It might be had performed at the Lyceum, four thousand years added, that she has shown not less sympathy ago; that he was Jesus Christ, and had been cruwith the Italians in the revolutionary service of cified after the Flood, &c., &c. The jury found Hungary. Curions, if Turkey should unite with that Lord Albemarle had been of unsound mind the champions of "

progress' in the Mediter- since the 230 July, 1849. ranean!

At the Liverpool Police Office, Patrick M-CaffeChina.—The English war-ships in the waters ray was charged with being found secreted on board of China have been busy in castigating the “pi- Mr. George Bennett, a gentleman employed in the

an emigrant-ship, under suspicious circumstances. rates” that infest those regions, under circum- establishment of Chapman, Bowman & Co., stated, stances that imply a connection between the pirates that on Wednesday he went on board the ship and the Celestial government. Are they pirates, Albert Gallatin, then in the river, she being about in the European sense of the word, or an irreg- to sail for New York, and, on rummaging, he ular navy in Chinese pay? In either case, it is

found three women secreted in flour-barrels. On a no doubt more convenient, diplomatically, to treat away in a small box, not more than three feet long

further search, the prisoner was discovered stowed them as individual outlaws; besides, to do so by about eighteen inches broad. The box had to evades the reproaches of the peace party in Eng- be broken open before the prisoner could be got land, since the castigation of pirates is not called out, and he was then much exhausted by his con56 war."

finement; had he remained there much longer, the UNITED States.—The Model Republic is

consequences must have been fatal. The prisoner

was discharged. In a short time afterwards he manifestly at a loss for some national mission : it appeared in court, and created much amusement has nothing for its citizens to do but to accumu- by asking if he might have his box. Mr. Rushton

he

refused his application ; adding, “Go along with miles, and been digested and printed off in the you ; it is well you were not smothered in your office of a London journal. box."

An iron warehouse for California is now in course An explosion of fire-damp having occurred in a of being constructed at Liverpool, of very considerpit near Wigan, the colliers, twenty or thirty in able dimensions. It is 60 feet long, 40 wide, and number, hurried to the shaft, and were drawn to 36 feet high at the most elevated part. There will the surface in batches. As the first basket left the be three ranges of rooms. It is lighted by 60 mine, a youth attempted to spring into it; a man windows, and will weigh rather more than 30 tons. caught hold of him, and thus hanging out of the basket, the ascent was made ; but the descending

“LATELY travelling in the Welsh Principality, I basket struck the unhappy youth; on reaching the met a French gentleman, travelling in his own surface, his head was found in the basket: his carriage, with post-horses, who, in conversation mangled body had fallen to the bottom of the shaft, turnpike-gates cost him from 10 to 12 francs a day;

with me, complained that the passports’ at our minus a head, a leg, and an arm.

and observed that Englishmen in France had nothA Father, mother, and daughter, have perished ing to pay for travelling on the roads of the French in succession, by a singular accident, at Wednes- republic. bury. John Pettifer occupied a small house erected on a mound of refuse from a mine. The daughter

The Society of Arts has concluded contracts with was sent at night on an errand ; she did not return Messrs. James and George Munday, the public in reasonable time, and the father went to seek her ; works contractors, for carrying out Prince Albert's he too returned not, and the mother hastened in projected exhibition of arts and industry by all search of both daughter and husband ; hours passed, nations. The Messrs. Munday undertake, withand no one returned to the house. At length a

out any security, to carry out the exhibition on their boy aroused a neighbor, and a search was made. own responsibility, and to indemnify the Society of A large hole was discovered near the house, the Arts for all expenses and liabilities ; to erect the crown of the pit having fallen in ; and into this necessary buildings, at a cost of some 50,0001., and chasm the unfortunate people had successively to provide 20,0001. for prizes. From the funds fallen. Two or three days elapsed before the bodies received Messrs. Munday's expenses, with five per could be got out. It is supposed that the sufferers cent. interest, are first to be paid ; and if any surperished from foul air before they reached the bot- plus remain, Messrs. Munday are to receive two tom of the mine.

thirds of it. The Hereford Journal mentions an inquest at

At a late meeting of the Ashmolean Society, Leighton, near Buildwas, on the body of Thomas Oxford, Dr. Daubeny mentioned the progress of Lloyd, a Mormonite, whó perished in the Severn arrangements for a steam-vessel to proceed from while baptizing a young woman by moonlight. Edinburgh to Iceland, which will afford an oppor

tunity for persons so disposed to visit that interestAn association, entitled “ The Bach Society," ing island. It is intended to leave Edinburgh about has just been formed, for the purpose of cultivating the time of the next meeting of the British Associaan acquaintance with the works of the illustrious tion in that city, and to return in time to give an John Sebastian Bach.

account of the visit before the meeting terminates. A letter from Upsala, of the 24th November, states, that the Dukes of East Gotha and Dalecar-Scheme. For the furtherance of this object a com

Mr. Sidney Herbert's FEMALE EMIGRATION lia, now students at the University of Upsala, being mittee has been formed, of which Mr. Sidney desirous of seeing the mortal remains of Gustavus Herbert is the chairman, and Lord J. Russell, Lord the First, (Gustavus Vasa,) which are deposited in Carlisle, Lord Ashley, the Bishop of London, and a one of the vaults of the cathedral of that city, the great number of noblemen and gentlemen, are memmarble sarcophagus containing the body was opened, bers. The advertisement announcing this fact says: by virtue of a special authorization of the king. Of " It is proposed to take immediate measures for the body of the great monarch nothing remains but promoting emigration to the British colonies on an the skeleton ; but all the clothes (of the ancient extensive scale. Assistance will, in the first Spanish costume) are intact, and preserve a certain instance, be extended to the class which, as the freshness. These garments are of velvet and silk, poorest and most helpless, has a reasonable claim with gold and silver brocade. The crown, the to early consideration—the needlewomen and slopsceptre, the globe, the ornaments of the scabbard workers. Offices will be immediately opened, at enclosing the royal sword, and the buckles of the which such parties may register their applications. girdle and shoes, are of fine and massive gold, and Care will be tak to select such persons only as partly adorned with precious stones.

are well recommended, and whose age and habits M. Verbeest, the most celebrated book-collector render them fit subjects for emigration. Such in Europe, has died at Brussels, at an advanced arrangements will be made as will secure for them age. He had founded a very curious establishment, every possible safeguard and care during the passage consisting of a house of several stories, disposed 80 out. Communications will be opened with the as to contain about 300,000 volumes, arranged ac- colonies, with a view to the proper reception of the cording to their subjects.

emigrants on their arrival; for their temporary On Tuesday last, the deputation of the Boulogne themselves in respectable positions." The Protec

assistance and to afford them facilities for placing and Amiens Railroad Company reached Paris from tionist economists have fallen foul of Mr. Herbert's London in eight hours, carrying with them the Times of the same morning. The express for project, but it has been received in the country with warded from Paris with the French intelligence of general approbation. Monday was thus tossed back to the Parisians for The Exhibition of Manufactures at Birmingham their own information almost by noon on the next closed on Saturday. It was opened on the 2d Sepday; having, in the interval, been carried 600tember, and has during the time been visited by more than 100,000 persons. In the last week there month was decapitated with the sword in the were 19,000 admissions.

market-place of Herisau. This fact is itself a Hiring Newspapers.—In the Bloomsbury Co. startling one, but the details are just as strange. Court, a newsvender residing at Hampstead, named For two hours the woman was able to struggle Moss, brought an action against Mr. Barnard Greg- against four individuals charged with the execution. ory to recover a debt due for the hire of newspapers, After the first hour the strength of the woman was amounting to 21. 188. 10d. The defendant pleaded still so great that the men were obliged to desist; by his solicitor—first, that no one had applied for the authorities were then consulted, but they dethe money; and, secondly, that by the Act of 23 clared that justice ought to follow its course. The Geo. III., it was illegal to lend newspapers, and struggle then recommenced, with greater intensity, therefore defendant could not be compelled to pay. and despair seemed to have redoubled the woman's The plaintiff, however, was prepared for this line force. At the end of another hour she was at last of defence, and produced a subsequent Act of Will. bound by the hair to a stake, and the sword of the IV., cap. 76, which repeals the whole of the former executioner then carried the sentence into effect. Act relative to newspapers, and consequently the Judge immediately decided that the debt and costs JENNY LIND.—Mr. Barnum thus corrects (in the should be paid by defendant.

“ New York Herald”) the erroneous statements of The“ Athenæum” says that a proposal has been his recent offer to Jenny Lind. Ist. Jenny Lind made by the Keeper of the State Papers to print a has sent no agent to America; but I have sent two series of calendars or indices of the valuable histori- to her, one of whom recently returned from an incal documents in his custody, which has been terview with her, and has now gone to meet her in agreed to by the government, and that the work is to Stockholm with my proposals ; 2d. As regards be commenced immediately. It is stated, moreover, terms ; I understand and believe that Mr. Knowles, that the several volumes will be produced in a neat manager of the Manchester Theatre, who engaged and comparatively inexpensive form, which will Jenny Lind to sing in the provincial towns of Great render them accessible to all classes of historical Britain, paid her 4001. sterling per night. I underinquirers.

stand, also, that it was no unusual thing for Mr.

Lumley, director of the Queen's Opera in London, Street lamps have recently been introduced in to receive 1,8001. to 2,0001. sterling on Jenny's the European quarter of Alexandria.

nights. It is absurd, therefore, to suppose that I A GENERAL order enjoins the officers at all out- could expect to engage her 200 nights for 50,000 ports to use their utmost vigilance, and bear in dollars-only 250 dollars per night. Now, the mind that a seizure has just been made in London truth is, I have offered her more than four times that “of a quantity of compressed snuff, made up in the amount per night, besides paying the expenses from form of oilseed cake, and packed together with Stockholm, and during her engagement of herself genuine cakes of that article.»

and a companion, a financier, (probably her father,) It is reported that Madlle. de Luzy, who was

and two servants, besides placing a carriage always governess in the family of the Duc de Praslin at the

at her disposal, and paying every description of time of the murder of the duchess, and who was she may sing; and I have offered to place 10,0001.

expense attending the concerts or operas in which arrested and examined on suspicion of having been accessory to the crime, was married lately to the sterling in the hands of her banker in London, to nephew of an Irish peer.

secure the fulfilment of my proposition. I am by

no means certain of her coming, even at the offer The total population of Belgium, according to made; but if any gentleman supposes there is gamthe report presented by the Minister of the Interior, mon in this business, and that a less compensation amounts to 4,337,196. Another table, not less would induce her to visit America, I hereby pledge interesting than that of the population, is divided my honor to sign bonds to any amount, whenever under the heads of masters or principals of manu- called upon, to give any person 50 dollars for every factories and workmen. From this it appears that 100 dollars per night that he will obtain her services there are 756,747 masters and their families, includ- for me less than 1000 dollars per night, besides all ing 1,185,424 persons; workmen, 1,301,353, their the expenses before named. fainilies comprehending 1,093,672 persons.

FREDERIKA BREMER AMONG THE FOURIERISTS.The aquatic contest between the Universities of We are allowed to copy the following from a letter Oxford and Cambridge took place last Saturday, received from the North American Phalanx, in and though the latter came in first, victory was New Jersey. “Miss Bremer paid us a visit last adjudged to the former in consequence of a foul on week. She seemed quite pleased, and entered very the part of the Cambridge boat, when the Oxford genially into all that was going on-mixed a batch men were evidently winning.

of bread, sewed hominy bags, and would have gone TORTURE IN SWITZERLAND.-A strange circum- out to dig potatoes, if it had not rained. There stance has just taken place at Herisau, the capital was an old Swedish officer with her, whom we of Inner Appenzell, in Switzerland, showing how liked mightily: he came to compile some of the much in these countries of old liberties civilization beauties of our republican customs for home use ; is behindhand in some matters. A young girl of the king, he says, being inclined to anticipate revo nineteen, some months back, assassinated her rival.. lutionary tendencies. Miss B. charmed all by her Her lover was arrested with her, and as she accused musical gifts. The girls cried and laughed like him of the crime, both were put to the torture. The wild creatures, as they are, under the influence of girl yielded to the pain, and confessed her crime ; the delicate magic of her notes, as she played the the young man held firm in his denial; the former Sea King's Bride,' and other national airs."was condemned to death, and on the 7th of this Boston Chronotype.

MY GARDEN GATE.

BY CHARLES MACKAY.

From the Examiner. | fellow-laborer in the same cause for the last time AMONG the deaths of the last week we see re--and on his favorite subject. On the 29th he corded that of David JENNINGS Vipan, of small- sickened. Twelve days afterwards he died prepox, at Tunbridge Wells. This gentleman had maturely in the forty-fourth year of his age, in the not attained public notoriety, but he had neverthe- full possession of his vigorous intellect, and most less worked silently, and not ineffectually, for deeply regretted by a small circle of attached what he considered to be the public good—and we friends, to whom his private worth had endeared hold it right that merit of this kind should not pass him. It is the boast of England that she numbers away without a public acknowledgment. The son among her citizens private individuals, who, in of a commercial gentleman of Norfolk, educated every department of science, literature, and polifirst at Dr. Valpy's Grammar School at Norwich, tics, are the unpaid advocates of what they believe then at Trinity College, Cambridge, he carried to to be the truth. David Vipan was one of these

It is the this university the practical views of the class to the peculiar growth of free institutions. which it was ever his boast to belong. It was here duty of the public press not to let such men pass that he laid the foundation of those rare classical from the stage unnoticed. attainments, which afterwards, during a long residence in Germany, introduced him to the notice and friendship of such men as the Grimms, Thiersch, and Müller, as one of the first scholars of his day. Yet he was no scholar of the old English school- Stand back, bewildering politics, it was the constitutional and commercial history of I've placed my fences round; Greece and Rome that attracted him, and it was Pass on, with all your party tricks, here amongst these early struggles after freedom Nor tread my holy ground. and good government that he endeavored to seek a Stand back-I'm weary of your talk, principle and a guide for the present. This love Your squabbles, and your prate ; of free institutions and their progressive develop- You cannot enter in this walk, ment from ancient times led him, in the years 1838 I've closed my garden gate. and 1839, to visit Hungary; a country which he always regarded as evidencing in its history his

Stand back, ye thoughts of trade and pell favorite political maxim, that liberty is ancient,

I have a refuge here; despotism recent. Versed in the Magyar language,

I wish to commune with myself ; he made the constitution and laws of Hungary his

My mind is out of gear.

These bowers are sacred to the page peculiar study, and became the friend of its most eminent statesmen and citizens. We need only

Of philosophic lore: mention amongst these the names of Szechényi,

Within these bounds no envies rage; Casimir Esterhazi, Palfi, Andrassi, Georg Karolyi,

I've shut my garden door. Odeschalchi, Zichi, with whom, and with all the

Stand back, Frivolity and Show; other chiefs of the constitutional opposition, he was It is a day of spring; in habits of daily intercourse. At the Hungarian I want to see my roses blow, Parliament he was received under the title of the

And hear the blackbird sing ; English deputy." Ill-health alone compelled him

I wish to prune my apple-trees, to leave a country to which he ever remained most

And make my peaches straight; fondly attached, and to whose cause he devoted the

Keep to the causeway, if you please ; latest energies of his life. In 1840, when review- I've shut my garden gate. ing his friend Paget's work on Hungary in the “ British and Foreign Review," he was one of the

I have no room for such as you; first English travellers who pointed out to his My house is somewhat small. countrymen the existence of a system of constitu

Let love come here, and friendship true, tional law very similar to their own—the possible I'll give them welcome all ; nucleus of a future free state in the centre of auto- They will not scorn my household stuff, cratic government, and the great frontier post of

Or criticize my store. European law against the inroads of Russian bar- Pass on-the world is wide enough; barism. In 1848, when Hungary raised the con- I've shut my garden door. stitutional banner against Austria, Mr. Vipan was

Stand back, ye pomps, and let me wear one of the first to use his pen in her defence, and

The liberty I feel. to unmask from time to time the ignorant or wilful

I have a coat at elbows bare ; perversions of a portion of the press. No one in

I love its dishabille. England was so well qualified for this task, for no

Within these precincts let me rove, one was so well acquainted as himself with the

With nature free from state; antecedents of the late struggle. His unequalled There is no tinsel in the grove; knowledge of the subject, his incorruptible integ

I've shut my garden gate. rity, his moderate but independent means, rendered his evidence as valuable as it was disinterested. What boots continual glare and strife ? The fall of Hungary in the unequal struggle I cannot always climb; shocked him, but did not paralyze his exertions ; I would not struggle all my life; for he never could believe that the history of a I need a breathing time. thousand years, indelibly impressed on the habits Pass on—I 've sanctified these grounds and feelings of every man, woman, and child of To friendship, love, and lore; the country, could be extinguished at a blow. On You cannot come within these bounda, the 27th of November last he wrote to a friend and I've shut my garden door.

CORRESPONDENCE.

five and four dollars, making nineteen, which was

sent to Mr. Burritt to be added to his next remitThe article on the Position of the Colonies de- tance. And it was with great pleasure that we serves the attention of the highest minds. It fore- received a visit from him in acknowledgment. shadows the independence, or equal rights, of the Could our friends who have not yet sent anything various portions of the Anglo-Saxon race, and thus for Dr. Dick, have heard Mr. Burritt's touching the creation of a satisfied, vigorous, federal nation, account of the extreme economy which this good spreading over the whole world.

man has long had to practise, (the particulars of In order to carry out this great idea, the writer which we dare not print,) they would hasten to his opposes the separation of Canada from the mother relief. country. We heartily wish him success in his

In thus doing good to an eminent British author, ultimate object, although we differ a little as to Americans are drawing more closely the bonds of the order of future events, and desire to go further brotherhood between dear old Scotland and Engthan he has proposed. Looking upon the Anglo- land and ourselves. We hope that more of our Saxon race as the only one which is greatly grow- readers will honor us by sending their gifts through ing in numbers and power ; bearing in mind the this office. promises of a time when “ wars shall cease ;" pondering the inestimable benefits which our blessed

NEW BOOK 8. Union has given to us, in peace and free trade, the effects of which have far surpassed the sanguine Poetry and Prose Writings, by Richard Henry hopes of our forefathers ;—we cannot but look

Dana. New York. Baker & Scribner. upon the development of our constitution by the

These are all the writings of Mr. Dana hitherto admission of Texas, as affording to us a near hope published, now collected in two handsome duodeciof such an extension of its benefits as shall include mo volumes, with the author's careful revision, and Great Britain and all her colonies. The rapidity some additions. Of the contents of the greater part of our greatness will soon make the probability of of this collection we have more than once expressed this more manifest. In 1840 our population was cannot help, however, expressing a regret that the

our admiration, and have nothing new to say. We 17 millions ; in 1890 it will be 70 millions; in genius which could produce such a poem as the 1940 it will be 300 millions.

Buccaneer, so full of poetic solemnity and strong How the difference of government is to be recon- emotion, so original in style, with imagery so ciled, we do not see yet; 20 years may make it directly copied from nature, and delineated with easy. The treaties by which England is connected such rapid and bold strokes, should not have emwith the continent of Europe will become obso- ployed his eminent powers in other works of the

kind. In reading the tale of Paul Felton, among lete, and thus remove another obstacle. The the prose writings,

almost as remarkable in its way national debt, even, which has appeared to us to be as the Buccaneer, we are almost as irresistibly led the greatest difficulty, may be soon and honorably to wonder that he who had shown such a capacity disposed of. Let us look at this for a moment in for that kind of composition had not continued to the light thrown upon it by Mr. Gurney, whose practise it. remarks were so effectively quoted at the late

The second volume contains Mr. Dana's reviews, Peace Congress. Since 1815—that is, in 35 some of which date as far back as the year 1817,

and were published in the North American Review. years of peace—the expenditure of Great Britain They are examples of subtle analysis, an unerring for war purposes has been 15 to 20 millions a year. critical judgment, and perfect independence in its This sum, directed to that purpose, would have expression. We had no such criticism in American paid off the whole debt! Now if Great Britain and literature at the time, and, we were about to say, her colonies and the United States can be so united we have had no such since; but it is not necessary that an attack upon one of them would be an attack to attempt to exalt its merits by comparisonupon all, such an attack never would be made. demned. It was for these articles that Mr. Dana

mode of criticism which Mr. Dana has himself conAnd it would require but little faith for Great was deprived of the conduct of the North American Britain to cease her war expenditure and apply the Review, in which he had engaged with great spirit. saving to the payment of her debt--the interest of To that work, if it had remained in his hands, he which is five times as much as the whole revenue would have imparted a character of originality and of the United States.

decision in its critical articles, which no literary We commend this great subject to Mr. Burritt man of the country was at that time qualified to and all the members of the Peace Congress. It give it.

In republishing these articles, Mr. Dana has made will be hard work to induce England and France no material changes, but he has added to their value to join in a court of nations; comparatively easy to by some additional paragraphs in the same spirit. draw England and the United States more closely There has for some years past been a demand on together. And when this shall be done, it will the literary world for a collection of Mr. Dana's almost have accomplished the whole object. writings. The previous collection was imperfect,

and it has been long out of print. There is no part The appeal in behalf of the venerable Dr. Dick, of the present volumes more valuable than the matwhich we copied from Mr. Burritt, has already ter which has been added from the earlier critical produced some effect. We have received ten and writings of the author.-N. Y. Ev. Post.

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